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NASSCOM Verbal Ability

Posted on :15-02-2016
NASSCOM Verbal Ability Paper:-

Directions for Questions 1 - 14:
Choose the option, which will CORRECTLY fill the blank.

Q1. His paralyzed leg is insensitive ______ feeling.

a) To  
b) In  
c) For  
d) With


Q2. There is a horse _______ the field.

a) With  
b) In  
c) At  
d) On


Q3. Why can not he distance himself ______ the unlawful activities of his friends?

a) Beyond 
b) With 
c) Off 
d) From


Q4. You have to hand in your project _______ October.

a) By  
b) On 
c ) Over  
d) Between


Q5. __ sealed tender was sent to __ organisation and __ management waited eagerly for _ response.

a) An, the, an, the 
b) A, the, the, a 
c) The, a, a, an 
d) An, an, an, the


Q6. Please nominate __ few delegates from your organisation to attend __ seminar scheduled tomorrow.

a) The, a 
b) The, an 
c) An, a 
d) A, the


Q7. We keep _____ open door policy.

a) An 
b) The 
c) A 
d) No article required


Q8. The subscription rate of a magazine is Rs.50 __ the first three months and this increases to Rs.120 if it is______ one year.

a) In, from 
b) For, for 
c) For, of 
d) In, for


Q9. The Germans suffered heavy losses _______ World War II.

a) From 
b) During 
c) Into 
d) With


Q10. The speech was filled _______ examples.

a) From 
b) Of 
c) With 
d) In


Q11. We found it difficult to agree _______ what to do with the money.

a) On 
b) For 
c) At 
d) With


Q12. __ engineers, who appeared for __ test and failed, were given __ alternative to join as assistants in a different department.

a) The, the, a 
b) The, the, an 
c) An, a, the 
d) An, an, an


Q13. _______ first episode of the new serial is going on air tonight.

a) The 
b) A 
c) An 
d) No article required


Q14. He remembered that _____ moon looked lovely that night.

a) A 
b) An 
c) The 
d) No article required


Directions for Questions 15 - 19:

Read the passage and answer the questions that follow on the basis of the information provided in the passage.

RSS is a family of XML file formats for web-syndication used by news websites and weblogs. The abbreviation stands for one of the
following standards:
* Rich Site Summary (RSS 0.91)
* RDF Site Summary (RSS 0.9, 1.0 and 1.1)
* Really Simple Syndication (RSS 2.0)

RSS provides short descriptions of Web content together with links to the full versions of the content. This information is delivered as an XML file called RSS feed, web feed, RSS stream or RSS channel. In addition to facilitating syndication, RSS allows  websites frequent readers to track updates on the site using a news aggregator.

RSS is widely used by the weblog community to share the latest headlines or their full text and even attached multimedia files.
A program known as a feed-reader or aggregator can check RSS-enabled Web pages on behalf of a user and display any updated articles that it finds. It is now common to find RSS feeds on major websites, as well as many smaller ones.

Web-based feed readers and news aggregators require no software installation and make the users feeds available on any computer with Web access. Some aggregators syndicate (combine) RSS feeds into new feeds e.g., take all football-related items from several sports feeds and provide a new football feed. There are also search engines for RSS feeds like Feedster, Technorati, Pluck or Plazoo.
RSS feeds are typically linked to with an orange rectangle with the letters XML or RSS.

As of 2005 multiple versions of RSS exist, belonging to two main pathways:

* RSS 0.90 was the original Netscape RSS version. This RSS was called RDF Site Summary, and as such a completely valid RDF format.
* RSS 0.91 is the simplified RSS version released by Netscape, and also the version number of the simplified version championed by Dave Winer from Userland.com. Now called Rich Site Summary, this was no longer an RDF format, but was relatively easy to use. It remains the most common RSS variant.

* RSS 0.92 through 0.94 are expansions of the RSS 0.91 format, which are (in theory at least) all compatible with each other and with Winers version of RSS 0.91, but are not compatible with RSS 0.90. RSS now stood for Really Simple Syndication.

* RSS 1.0 and 1.1 are open formats by the RSS-DEV Working Group, again standing for RDF Site Summary. RSS 1.0 is an RDF format like RSS 0.90, but not fully compatible with it.


Q15. Which of these does NOT state how one can read Web pages with an aggregator?

a) Feed readers check RSS-enabled Web pages for updates. 
b) Users can log into the feed reader to check for updates.
c) All of the above plus Web based feed readers. 
d) Search engines for RSS can be used.


Q16. Select the FALSE statement.

a) RSS 0.91 is the most common variant of RSS.
b) RSS 0.9 was the original Netscape RSS. version
c) RSS 0.91 is a simplified version of RSS.
d) RSS 0.92 through .94 are not expansions of RSS 0.91.


Q17. Which one of these is NOT a full form of RSS?

a) Rich Site Summary 
b) RDF Site Summary
c) Rich Site Syndication 
d) Really Simple Syndication


Q18. Which was the original RSS version?

a) RSS 1.1 
b) RSS 0.9 
c) RSS 1.2 
d) RSS Original


Q19. RSS provides:

a) Short descriptions of Web content. 
b) Short descriptions of Web content + links to full content.
c) File formats for Web syndication for Web sites. 
d) All the options


Directions for Questions 20 - 25: 
Choose the word nearest in meaning to the word in ITALICS from the given options.

Q20. He is a candid politician.

a) Frank 
b) Faithful 
c) Fearless 
d) Soft-spoken


Q21. The bounties of nature are being exploited by man.

a) Gifts 
b) Products 
c) Rules 
d) Ecological balances


Q22. The minister corroborated the statement of his party president.

a) Condemned 
b) Confirmed 
c) Denied 
d) Accepted


Q23. Is there any alternate method to arrive at the answer?

a) Different 
b) Easy 
c) Substitute 
d) Effective


Q24. At the party, she was piqued with the gentleman in the red shirt.

a) Annoyed 
b) Pleased 
c) Flirting 
d) Shy


Q25. The doctor in the village turned out to be a quack.

a) Duck Lover 
b) Pretender 
c) Duck Hater 
d) Genius


Directions for Questions 26 - 30:
Read the passage and answer the questions that follow on the basis of the information provided in the passage.

He was one of the five players summoned by the Pakistan Cricket Board after the Test series defeat to India. Shoaib, Moin Khan and Abdul Razzaq underwent a series of tests in Lahore on Wednesday. But PCB chief Ramiz Raja said: The commission has not been constituted to find a scapegoat and punish him.Shoaib has rubbished the charges and said he had a torn ligament in his back which prevented him from bowling in the final Test.The four-man commission will also look into the injuries of Moin Khan, Abdul Razzaq, Shabbir Ahmed and Umar Gul.The medical commission is expected to submit its report to the PCB by next week.If found guilty, Shoaib could face a ban and a fine.
Ramiz added: It has been constituted to find why so many players got injured and what can be done in future to prevent this. The other objective is to help the players get their names cleared from the general perception that they faked their injuries, if they were genuinely injured. But while saying this, I must make myself very clear that if it was proved some players did fake their injuries, they will be taken to task.
Shoaib reacted strongly to the accusations that his back injury in Rawalpindi was not genuine, despite the fact that he clubbed 28 runs off 14 balls after hurting himself. You need the whole body to be perfect when you bowl - it is different when you are batting. I am surprised how someone can think Iwas not badly injured, he said.


Q26. Shoaib could face a ban due to which one of the following reasons?

a) Wrong bowling action
b) Sledging
c) Misbehaving with team members
d) Faking injury


Q27. From the passage above, it can be inferred that the game was played at:

a) Lahore 
b) Rawalpindi 
c) India 
d) Cannot be determined


Q28. Who is he mentioned in Line 1?

a) Moin Khan 
b) Shoaib Akthar 
c) Abdur Razzaq 
d) Ramiz Raja


Q29. According to Shoaib:

a) The whole body has to be perfect to bowl
b) The whole body has to be perfect to bat
c) It is ok for a batsman to be injured
d) A bowler can still bowl with a back injury


Q30. Why is the commission constituted according to Ramiz Raja?

a) To find out why so many players got injured and what can be done in future to prevent so many injuries.
b) To find out whether the players were faking injuries.
c) To find a scapegoat and punish him.
d) To investigate the poor performance of the team against India.


Directions for Questions 31-35:
Read the passage and answer the questions that follow on the basis of the information provided in the passage.

Common Gateway Interface:
The Common Gateway Interface, or CGI, is a standard interface between an HTTP server and an application. CGI enables the web server to generate dynamic content rather than just return static HTML files. In addition, because CGI can accept and process information submitted by the user, it can provide two-way interaction between the client and the web-server. For example, CGI is commonly used to create dynamic HTML pages from information in a database, or to process user input such as validating a credit card when a product is ordered online. Many popular internet search engines use CGI. These engines receive search criteria from the user, process the input, and return the search results. CGI was the first and continues to be the most popular method of building dynamic Web sites.
Typically, CGI scripts are written in Perl, Tcl, C or a Unix shell, but almost any language can be used, including Java. A CGI application works in the following manner. When the web-server receives a request that maps to a CGI application, it executes a CGI program that runs in its own process space. The CGI program returns HTML to the web-server, and the web-server returns the
HTML to the client. To illustrate, a typical CGI transaction might go like this:
1) The server receives a request for a resource called /cgi-bin/guestbook.cgi.
2) Either because the file has a .cgi extension or because it is located in the /cgi-bin directory, the server recognizes the file as a CGI request and launches the guestbook.cgi program, passing any parameters received from the client.
3) The guestbook.cgi program executes, processing any information passed as a parameter, and returns an HTML document to the web-server.
4) The web-server returns the HTML to the client.
To the user, this process is completely transparent. The user simply requested a resource using a URL and received an HTML document in return. Other than the format of the URL, the user would have no way of knowing that the document was created dynamically on the server rather than simply stored in a static file. Using this process, the web-server can vary its response based on user input. Prior to CGI, this kind of two-way interaction on the web was not possible.
One important note is that all CGI applications run as independent processes. Creating a new process for every CGI request hurts performance and is resource intensive. This is in contrast to servlets that are loaded just once and thereby perform better.


Q31. All CGI applications run as independent processes causing:

a) Lower performance and optimal utilisation of resources.
b) Enhanced performance and non-optimal utilisation of resources.
c) Enhanced performance and optimal utilisation of resources.
d) Lower performance and non-optimal utilisation of resources.


Q32. If you are given the task of creating an online web application using CGI, you will definitely need to:

i) Create guestbook.cgi.
ii) Build dynamic HTML pages by making database requests.
iii) Write CGI scripts in a language such as Perl, Tcl, C, Unix Shell, Java etc.
iv) Channel client requests through the web-server.

a) iii and iv 
b) i, iii and iv 
c) Only iii 
d) ii and iii


Q33. CGI revolutionized the Internet because:

i) Static HTML pages automatically became dynamic.
ii) It provided a two-way interaction between the client and the server.
iii) One could think beyond static HTML pages.
iv) Web-servers were no longer required.

a) ii only 
b) iv and i 
c) ii and iii
d) iii only


Q34. CGI made validation of credit cards possible because:

a) The browser client could pass the credit card number to the server.
b) Credit card companies accepted the feasibility of online systems.
c) It is a standard interface between an HTTP server and an application.
d) Internet became more secure and reliable.


Q35. Before the advent of CGI:

a) Credit cards were invalid. 
b) Internet search engines could not exist.
c) Since pages were static, they could not contain images. d) Perl, Tcl, C or a Unix shell were never used.


Directions for questions 36, 37: 

Find the odd word out. 

Q36. a) impenetrable 
   b) invincible 
   c) indomitable 
   d) immaculate 


Q37. a) idyllic 
   b) riveting 
   c) rustic 
   d) rural 


Directions for question 38, 39: 
In each of the following sentences, some part of the sentence or the entire sentence is underlined. Beneath each sentence you will find four ways of phrasing the underlined part. Choose the best choice that follows the requirements of standard written English. 

Q38. Nowhere in India is the influence of ancient architecture more apparent than their public buildings. 

a) more apparent than their 
b) so apparent as their 
c) more apparent than its 
d) as apparent as it is in its. 

Q39. Although one link in the chain was demonstrated to be weak, but not sufficiently so to require the recall of the automobile. 

a) demonstrated to be weak, but not sufficiently so to require. 
b) demonstrated as weak, but it was not sufficiently so that it required. 
c) demonstrably weak, but not sufficiently so to require. 
d) demonstrably weak, it was not so weak as to require. 


Directions : Four sentences are given below which when properly sequenced form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the four given choices to construct the paragraph. 

Q40. A. Rewards are said to be exceptionally good. 
B. But telemarketing is increasingly gaining popularity as a successful strategy. 
C. The use of telephone as a medium of selling, also called telesales, is a fairly old practice. 
D. Because religious telemarketing efforts have increased the bottom line of many organisations. 

a) BACD 
b) ABCD 
c) CBAD 
d) CABD 


Q41. Choose the pair that has a relationship similar to that in the capitalized pair. 
EVAPORATION : CLOUD 

a) Mountain : Snow 
b) Pressure : Atmosphere 
c) Book : Pages 
d) Tension : Breakdown 


Directions for questions 42, 43: 

Read the passage and answer the questions that follow. 

Its sad, though unfortunately true but our small planet which is located in an insignificant outer spiral of an absolutely average galaxy is, like millions of other heavenly bodies, regularly bombarded by cosmic debris 
involving comets and meteors which have in the past led to wholesale cataclysmic obliteration of life forms.

In the greatest known extinction episode at the end of what is known as the Permian period, an era of severe climate and geologic changes 245 million years ago, 96 per cent of all marine species and more than 50 per cent of all other species disappeared. Another period of rapid extinction, 65 million years ago, is famous for the disappearance of the dinosaurs when, along with them, one third of the rest of the plant and mammalian population became extinct too. 

The chances of another hit are over-ripe right now and feel-good disaster films like Deep Impact or Armageddon notwithstanding, the severity of loss is going to be far more devastating than special effects on computer graphics. Because this time around a casual wandering stone half the size of a Mumbai suburb impacting with our planet will make thousands of years of art, culture, science, society, civilization, governance and religion meaningless. This time species alone are not going to be obliterated, but specimens with brains and consciousness are going to be wiped out in less time than it takes to think of a blink. 

Ironically, if this invader is small enough to wreak devastation on a scale than can still be managed with only the loss of a few hundred millions, we have to then face the daunting task of restructuring everything from almost start. In the process we may also have to face the loss of long cherished icons and artifacts like maybe the Mona Lisa, the ionosphere or the polar ice caps. 

Some futures are devolvable and can be prognosticated with optimistic extras. Other futures involve ninth and tenth generation computation to make our livelihood smart to the point of excellent boredom. But what does one do with a future thats coming on inevitably any millennia now and is about to sub-atomize our short and convoluted existence? 

Q42. ...the loss of long cherished icons and artifacts like maybe the Mona Lisa, the ionosphere or the polar ice caps. The sentence implies that icons and artifacts: 

a) are too precious to be lost. 
b) are invaluable. 
c) are an integral part of our world. 
d) will be too hard to lose. 


Q43. The destruction author is referring to is of: 

a) Permian period. 
b) entire civilization. 
c) heavenly bodies. 
d) our small planet. 


Directions for Questions 44 - 48:

Read the passage and answer the questions that follow on the basis of the information provided in the passage.

Are we alone? The question has tickled the human imagination for years, perhaps ever since our earliest ancestors looked up at the night sky into the endless sea of stars. Is anyone else out there?

Humans do not yet have a definitive answer to the question, but a team of astronomers running computer simulations of planet formation has found that Earth-like planets with enough water to support life could be fairly common. The team ran 44 simulations of planet formation near a sun and found that each simulation produced one to four terrestrial (rocky, Earth-like) planets, including 11 planets at about the same distance from their stars as Earth is to the sun. Its hard to say we sampled exactly the conditions in the galaxy in which terrestrial planets form, but in the cases we chose, an Earthlike planet formed in about a quarter of the cases, said Sean Raymond, an astronomer at the University of Washington in Seattle. 

Raymond is the lead author of a paper on the simulations, recently accepted for publication in the astronomy journal Icarus. The coauthorsare Thomas Quinn at the University of Washington and Jonathan Lunine at the University of Arizona in Tucson. The simulations show a wide variety of planets forming; everything from dry planets like Mars, to Earth-like planets, to planets threetimes as large as Earth with 20 times as much water.

Greg Laughlin, an astronomer at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and expert on planet formation, said he agrees with the interpretation that the universe may be full of a variety of planets, including Earth-like planets with significant water to harbor life. There is nothing in our current understanding of planet formation and planetary systems to suggest that the basic architecture of our solar system is particularly unusual, he said.


Q44. The simulations conducted showed all of the following results EXCEPT:

a) Each simulation produced one to four Earth-like planets.
b) Earth-like planets may be quite common
c) Earth-like planet formation occurred in about 25% of the cases
d) Earth-like planet formation of a much larger size with hydrogen seas instead of water.


Q45. What can be said about the simulations?

a) They were conducted and the results taken from a real life situation.
b) They were sampled exactly in the conditions in which the planets in a  galaxy are formed.
c) In about a quarter of the cases an Earth like planet was formed.
d) The simulations show that the variety of planets forming is very low.


Q46. From the passage, we can conclude that there is__________ possibility of life on any planet other than Earth.

a) No  
b) Very low  
c) Very high  
d) Cannot be determined


Q47. Greg Laughlin is:

a) An astronomer
b) An expert on planet formation
c) Both an astronomer and an expert on planet formation
d) Lead author of Icarus


Q48. Icarus is a/an:

a) Astrology journal 
b) Weekly magazine 
c) Aircraft 
d) Astronomy journal


Q49. If in a certain language, MUSIC is coded as LSPEX. How will SOUND be coded in that language?

a) RMRJY  
b) RNTMC  
c) RNTJY  
d) RMJTY


Q50. Question has two statements and some conclusions. Choose the conclusion that logically follows:

Statements : All mangoes are apples.
All apples are sweet.

Conclusions:

a) All mangoes are sweet. 
b) Some mangoes are sweet.
c) Some mangoes are not sweet. 
d) Both A and B




  
   






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