In the following question select the word
which is OPPOSITE in the meaning of the given word.
Q3. In the sentence there is a bold word or phrase. One
of the words or phrases given in the options conveys almost the same meaning as
the bold word or phrase in the sentence. Select that option which is nearest in
It is preposterous on your part to look
for a job without first completing your education.
d. Most admirable
e. Very absurd
In the following questions, fill in the
Q4. The success that he has gained,
though striking enough, does not, however, commensurate . . . . the efforts
made by him.
Q5. Vinod took his meals after he . . . .
a. Had completed his work
b. Had been completing his work
c. Was completing his work
d. Had been completed his work
e. Had got completed his work
In the following questions, select the
word or phrase that is similar in meaning to the given word.
Q8. Read the sentence to find out whether there is any
grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the
sentence. The letter of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the
answer is D. (Ignore - the errors of punctuation,if any)
(A) The whole thing moves/
(B) around the concept of building a small
(C) organisation into a larger one.
(D) No error.
c. (C )
Q9. In the question a part of the sentence is
italicised. Alternatives to the italicised part is given which may improve the
sentence. Choose the correct alternative. In case no improvement is needed.
Option D is the answer.
She gave most of her time to music.
d. No improvement
Q10. The given sentences when properly sequenced, form a
coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a number. Choose the most
logical order of sentences from among the four given choices to construct a
1. He was so busy with them that he did not get time to eat.
2. Thousands of
people came to him and asked different types of questions.
3. No one cared to
see that he had his food or rest that night.
4. Swami Vivekanand once stayed in
a small village.
Answer the question based on the given
Management is a set of processes that can keep a complicated system of
people and technology running smoothly. The most important aspects of
management include planning, budgeting, organising, staffing, controlling, and
problem-solving. Leadership is a set of processes that creates organisations in
the first place or adapts them to significantly changing circumstances.
Leadership defines what the future should look like, aligns people with that
vision, and inspires them to make it happen despite the obstacles. This
distinction is absolutely crucial for our purposes here: Successful
transformation is 70 to 90 per cent leadership and only 10 to 30 percent
management. Yet for historical reasons, many organisations today dont have much
leadership. And almost everyone thinks about the problem here as one of
For most of this country, as we created thousands and
thousands of large organisations for the first time in human history, we did not
have enough good managers to keep all those bureaucracies functioning. So many
companies and universities developed management programs and hundreds and
thousands of people were encouraged to learn management on the job. And they
did. But, people were taught little about leadership. To some degree,
management was emphasised because its easier to teach than leadership. But even
more so, management was the main item on the twentieth-century agenda because
thats what was needed.
For every entrepreneur or business builder who was a
leader, we needed hundreds of managers to run their ever-growing enterprises.
Unfortunately for us today, this emphasis on management has often been
institutionalised in corporate cultures that discourage employees from learning
how to lead. Ironically, past success is usually the key ingredient in
producing this outcome. The syndrome, as I have observed it on many occasions,
goes like this: success creates some degree of marked dominance which in turn
produces much growth. After a while keeping the ever-larger organisation under
control becomes the primary challenge. So attention turns inward and managerial
competencies are nurtured. With a strong emphasis on management but not
leadership, bureaucracy and an inward focus takeover. But with continued
success, the result mostly of market dominance, the problem often goes
unaddressed and an unhealthy arrogance begins to evolve. All of these
characteristics then make any transformation effort much more difficult. Arrogant
managers can over-evaluate their current performance and competitive position,
listen poorly and learn slowly.
Inwardly focused employees can have difficulty
seeing the very forces that present threats and opportunities. Bureaucratic
cultures can smother those who want to respond to shifting conditions. And the
lack of leadership leaves no force inside these organisations to break out of
Q11. Why did companies and universities develop
programmes to prepare managers in such a large number?
a. Companies and universities wanted to generate funds through these
b. The large number of organisations were created as they needed managers
in good number
c. Organisations did not want to spend their scarce resources in training
d. Organisations wanted to create communication network through trained
Q12. How has the author defined management?
a. It is the process of adapting organisations to changing
b. It is the system of aligning people with the direction it has taken.
c. It refers to creating a vision to help direct the change effectively.
d. Creating better performance through customer orientation.
Q13. What is the historical reason for many organisations
not having leadership?
a. A view that leaders are born, they are not made
b. Leaders lack managerial skills and organisations need managers
c. Leaders are weak in carrying out traditional functions of management
d. Leaders allow too much complacency in organisations
Q14. Which of the following characteristics help
organisations in their transformation efforts?
a. Emphasis on leadership but not management
b. A strong and dogmatic culture
c. Bureaucratic and inward looking approach
d. Failing to acknowledge the value of customers and shareholders
Q15. Which of the following is similar in meaning of the
word smother as used in the passage?
HCL Quantitative Aptitude
Q1. In a kilometre race, if A gives B a 40 m start, A
wins by 19 s. But if A gives B a 30 s start, B wins by 40 m. Find the time
taken by B to run 5,000 m?
a. 150 s
b. 450 s
c. 750 s
d. 825 s
Q2. Pipe A takes 16 min to fill a tank. Pipes B and C,
whose cross-sectional circumferences are in the ratio 2:3, fill another tank
twice as big as the first. If A has a cross-sectional circumference that is
one-third of C, how long will it take for B and C to fill the second tank?
(Assume the rate at which water flows through a unit cross-sectional area is
same for all the three pipes.)
Q3. Three consecutive whole numbers are such that the
square of the middle number is greater than the product of the other two by 1.
Find the middle number.
d. All of these
Q4. The arithmetic mean of 2 numbers is 34 and their
geometric mean is 16. One of the numbers will be
Q5. If x% of a is the same as y% of b, then z% of b is :
a. (xy/z)% of a
b. (yz/x)% of a
c. (xz/y)% of a
d. None of these
Q6. The letters of the word WOMAN are written in all
possible orders and these words are written out as in a dictionary ,then the
rank of the word WOMAN is
Q7. What least number must be subtracted from 9400 to
get a number exactly divisible by 65?
d. none of these
Q8. If 2505 / 0.5 = 5010 then 25.05 / 0.5 =?
d. None of these
Q9. Which pair of rational numbers lie between 1/5 and
a. 262/1000, 275/1000
b. 362/1000, 562/1000
c. 451/1000, 552/1000
Q10. What is the value of the following expression: 2
log10 5 + log10 4 ?
d. None of these
Q11. If x increases linearly, how will a-x behave
a. Increase linearly
b. Decrease linearly
c. Increase exponentially
d. Decrease exponentially
Q12. What is the probability of getting the sum 5 in two
throws of the dice?
d. None of these
Q1. The question shows a pair of
words in which the first is related to the second in some way. It is followed
by a single word which bears a similar relation to one of the given
alternatives. Find the correct alternative to complete the analogy.
Melt: Liquid::Freeze: ?
Q2. Fill in the blank: Guilt is to Past as Hope is to
Q3. From the given choices select
the odd man out:
Q4. Find the missing pattern
BOQD : ERTG :: ANPC : ?
Q5. Find the missing number
5 : 24 :: 8 : ?
Q6. From the given choices select the odd man out
Q7. If HARD is coded as 1357 and SOFT is coded as 2468,
what will 21448 stand for?
Q8. Find the next number in the series
1, 6, 13, 22, 33, ......
Q9. The question contains some statements followed by
some conclusions. Decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from
the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
I) All tomatoes are red.
II) All grapes are tomatoes.
I) All grapes are red.
II) Some Tomatoes are grapes.
a. Only conclusion I follows.
b. Only conclusion II follows.
c. Neither I nor II follows
d. Both I and II follow.
e. Either I or II follows
Q9. Old womans son is my daughters uncle, then what
relation has the old woman to me?
d. Mother - in - law
Q10. Ramu was facing East. He walked 4 km forward and
then after turning to his right walked 6 km. Again he turned to his right and
walked 7 km. After this he turned back. Which direction was he facing at the
Q11. Raman is not wearing purple and Aman is not wearing
black. Raman and Sahil wear different colours. Avinash alone wears green. What
is Sahils colour, if all four of them are wearing different colours.
d. Cant Say
Q12. The question is followed by two arguments numbered I
and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a strong argument and which is a weak argument.
Should a total ban be put on trapping wild animals?
I. Yes, Trappers are making a lot of money.
II. No, bans on hunting and trapping are not effective.
a. Only argument I is strong.
b. Only argument II is strong.
c. Either I or II is strong.
d. Neither I nor II is strong.
e. Both I and II are strong
Q13. The question contains a statement followed by two
Assumptions I and II. Find out which assumption(s) is implicit.
Vitamin E tablets improve circulation, keep your complexion in glowing
I. People like glowing complexion.
II. Complexion becomes dull in the absence of circulation.
a. Only assumption I is implicit
b. Only assumption II is implicit
c. Both assumption I and II are implicit.
d. Neither assumption I nor II is implicit
Q14. Study the statement(s) and the conclusions and
select the correct option.
No country is absolutely self - dependent these days.
I. It is impossible to grow and produce all that a country needs.
II. Countrymen in general have become lazy.
a. Only Conclusion I follows
b. Only Conclusion II follows
c. Both the conclusion I and II follow
d. Either conclusion I or II follows
e. Neither conclusion I nor II follows
Q15. In the question a statement is followed by some
courses of action. A course of action is a step or administrative decisions to
be taken for improvement, follow-up, or further action in regard to the
problem, policy, etc. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true
and then decide which of the given suggested course(s) of action logically
follows for pursuing.
The World Bank has approved a $ 300 million loan to finance a project to
construct coal ports by Madras Port Trusts.
Courses of Action :
I. India should take financial help from other international financial
institutions to develop such ports in other places.
II. India should not seek any help from the international financial
a. Only I follows
b. Only II follows
c. Either I or II follows
d. Neither I nor II follows
e. Both I and II follow.