# Ericsson Reasoning Paper

Posted on :24-02-2016
Ericsson Reasoning Paper:-

Q1. A tennis marker is trying to put together a team of four players for a tennis tournament out of seven available. Males - a, b and c; females - m, n, o and p. All players are of equal ability and there must be at least two males in the 1 team. For a team of four, all players must be able to play with each other under the following restrictions:
b should not play with m,
c should not play with p, and
a should not play with o.
Which of the following statements must be false?

(1) b and p cannot be selected together
(2) c and o cannot be selected together
(3) c and n cannot be selected together.

Q2. Five farmers have 7, 9, 11, 13 & 14 apple trees, respectively in their orchards. Last year, each of them discovered that every tree in their own orchard bore exactly the same number of apples. Further, if the third farmer gives one apple to the first, and the fifth gives three to each of the second and the fourth, they would all have exactly the same number of apples. What were the yields per tree in the orchards of the third and fourth farmers?

Q3. Five boys were climbing a hill. J was following H. R was just ahead of G. K was between G & H. They were climbing up in a column. Who was the second?

Q4. All men are vertebrates. Some mammals are vertebrates. Which of the following conclusions drawn from the above statement is correct?

(1) All men are mammals.
(2) All mammals are men.
(3) Some vertebrates are mammals.
(4) None

Q5. Eight friends Harsha, Fakis, Balaji, Eswar, Dhinesh, Chandra, Geetha, and Ahmed are sitting in a circle facing the center. Balaji is sitting between Geetha and Dhinesh. Harsha is third to the left of Balaji and second to the right of Ahmed. Chandra is sitting between Ahmed and Geetha and Balaji and Eshwar are not sitting opposite to each other. Who is third to the left of Dhinesh?

Q6. There are 3 persons Sudhir, Arvind, and Gauri. Sudhir lent cars to Arvind and Gauri as many as they had already. After some time Arvind gave as many cars to Sudhir and Gauri as many as they have. After sometime Gauri did the same thing. Find the cars each originally had.

Q7. What can you conclude from the statement : All green are blue, all blue are red?

(i) some blue are green
(ii) some red are green
(iii) some green are not red
(iv) all red are blue

(1) i or ii but not both
(2) i & ii only
(3) iii or iv but not both
(4) iii & iv

ANS: 2

Questions 8 and 9 are based on the following:
Five executives of European Corporation hold a Conference in Rome
Mr. A converses in Spanish & Italian
Mr. B, a spaniard, knows English also
Mr. C knows English and belongs to Italy
Mr. D converses in French and Spanish
Mr. E , a native of Italy knows French

Q8. If a 6th executive is brought in, to be understood by maximum number of original five he should be fluent in

(1) English & French
(2) Italian & Spanish
(3) English & French
(4) French & Italian

ANS: 2) Italian & Spanish

Q9. Which of the following can act as interpreter if Mr. C & Mr. D wish to converse?

(1) only Mr. A
(2) Only Mr. B
(3) Mr. A & Mr. B
(4) Any of the other three

ANS: 4) Any of the other three.

Q10. If every alternative letter starting from B of the English alphabet is written in small letter, rest all are written in capital letters, how the month September be written?

(1) SeptEMbEr
(2) SEpTeMBEr
(3) SeptembeR
(4) SepteMber
(5) None of the above.

Q11. Which of the following statements drawn from the given statements are correct?
Given:
All watches sold in that shop are of high standard. Some of the HMT watches are sold in that shop.

(1) All watches of high standard were manufactured by HMT.
(2) Some of the HMT watches are of high standard.
(3) None of the HMT watches is of high standard.
(4) Some of the HMT watches of high standard are sold in that shop.

Directions for Q 12 - 16:
i. Ashland is north of East Liverpool and west of Coshocton.
ii. Bowling green is north of Ashland and west of Fredericktown.
iii. Dover is south and east of Ashland.
iv. East Liverpool is north of Fredericktown and east of Dover.
v. Fredericktown is north of Dover and west of Ashland.
vi. Coshocton is south of Fredericktown and west of Dover.

Q12. Which of the following towns must be situated both south and west of at least one other town?

(1) Ashland only
(2) Ashland and Fredericktown
(3) Dover and Fredericktown
(4) Dover, Coshocton and Fredericktown
(5) Coshocton, Dover and East Liverpool.

Q13. Which of the numbered statements gives information that can be deduced from one or more of the other statements?

(1) i
(2) ii
(3) iii
(4) iv
(5) vi

Q14. Which of the towns mentioned is furthest of the north west?

(1) Ashland
(2) Bowling green
(3) Coshocton
(4) East Liverpool
(5) Fredericktown

Q15. Which of the following statements, if true, would make the information in the numbered statements more specific?

(1) Coshocton is north of Dover.
(2) East Liverpool is north of Dover
(3) Ashland is east of Bowling green.
(4) Coshocton is east of Fredericktown
(5) Bowling green is north of Fredericktown

Q16. Which of the following must be both north and east of Fredericktown?
(I) Ashland
(II) Coshocton
(III) East Liverpool

(1) I only
(2) II only
(3) III only
(4) I and II
(5) I and III

Directions for Q 17 - 20:-
John is undecided which of the four novels to buy. He is considering a spy thriller, a Murder mystery, a Gothic romance and a science fiction novel. The books are written by Rothko, Gorky, Burchfield and Hopper, not necessary in that order, and published by Heron, Piegon, Blueja and sparrow, not necessary in that order.
(iii) The science fiction novel is by Burchfield and is not published by Blueja.
(iv)The Gothic romance is by Hopper.

Q17. On the basis of the first paragraph and statement (ii), (iii) and (iv) only, it is possible to deduce that

(1) Rothko wrote the murder mystery or the spy thriller
(2) Sparrow published the murder mystery or the spy thriller

Q18. Pigeon publishes ____________.

Q19. John purchases books by the authors whose names come first and third in alphabetical order. He does not buy the books ______.

Q20. The novel by Gorky ________________.

Directions for Questions 21 and 22:
Five horses, Red, White, Grey, Black and Spotted participated in a race. As per the rules of the race, the persons betting on the winning horse get four times the bet amount and those betting on the horse that came in second get thrice the bet amount. Moreover, the bet amount is returned to those betting on the horse that came in third, and the rest lose the bet amount. Raju bets Rs. 3000, Rs. 2000 Rs. 1000 on Red, White and Black horses respectively and ends up with no profit and no loss.

Q21. Suppose, in addition, it is known that Grey came in fourth. Then which of the following cannot be true?

(1) Spotted came in first
(2) Red finished last
(3) White came in second
(4) Black came in second
(5) There was one horse between Black and White

Q22. Which of the following cannot be true?

(1) At least two horses finished before Spotted
(2) Red finished last
(3) There were three horses between Black and Spotted
(4) There were three horses between White and Red
(5) Grey came in second

Directions for questions 23 to 26:
In each question, there are five sentences. Each sentence has a pair of words that are italicized and highlighted. From the italicized and highlighted words, select the most appropriate words (A or B) to form correct sentences. The sentences are followed by options that indicate the words, which may be selected to correctly complete the set of sentences. From the options given, choose the most appropriate one.

Q23. She managed to bite back the ironic(A)/caustic(B) retort on the tip of her tongue.
He gave an impassioned and valid(A)/cogent(B) plea for judicial reform.
I am not adverse(A)/averse(B) to helping out.
The coupe(A)/coup(B) broke away as the train climbed the hill.
They heard the bells peeling(A)/pealing(B) far and wide.

(1) BBABA
(2) BBBAB
(3) BAABB
(4) ABBAA
(5) BBBBA

Q24. Anita wore a beautiful broach (A)/brooch(B) on the lapel of her jacket.
The last scene provided a climactic(A)/climatic(B) ending to the film.
Jeans that flair(A)/flare(B) at the bottom are in fashion these days.

(1) BABAA
(2) BABAB
(3) BAAAB
(4)ABABA
(5) BAABA

Q25. We were not successful in defusing(A)/diffusing(B) the Gurus ideas.
The students baited(A)/bated(B) the instructor with irrelevant questions.
The hoard(A)/horde(B) rushed into the campus.
The prisoners interment(A)/internment(B) came to an end with his early release.
The hockey team could not deal with his unsociable(A)/unsocial(B) tendencies.

(1) BABBA
(2) BBABB
(3) BABAA
(4) ABBAB
(5) AABBA

Q26. The cake had lots of currents(A)/currants(B) and nuts in it.
If you engage in such exceptional(A)/exceptionable(B) behaviour, I will be forced to punish you.
He has the same capacity as an adult to consent(A)/assent(B) to surgical treatment.
The minister is obliged(A)/compelled(B) to report regularly to a parliamentary board.
His analysis of the situation is far too sanguine(A)/genuine(B).

(1) BBABA
(2) BBAAA
(3) BBBBA
(4) ABBAB
(5) BABAB

Directions for Questions 27 to 29:
Answer the following questions based on the statements given below:
(i) There are three houses on each side of the road.
(ii) These six houses are labelled as P, Q, R, S, T and U.
(iii) The houses are of different colours, namely, Red, Blue, Green, Orange, Yellow and White.
(iv) The houses are of different heights.
(v) T, the tallest house, is exactly opposite to the Red coloured house.
(vi) The shortest house is exactly opposite to the Green coloured house.
(vii) U, the Orange coloured house, is located between P and S.
(viii) R, the Yellow coloured house, is exactly opposite to P.
(ix) Q, the Green coloured house, is exactly opposite to U.
(x) P, the White coloured house, is taller than R, but shorter than S and Q.

Q27. What is the colour of the house diagonally opposite to the Yellow coloured house?

(1) White
(2) Blue
(3) Green
(4) Red
(5) none of these

Q28. What is the colour of the tallest house?

(1) Red
(2) Blue
(3) Green
(4) Yellow
(5) none of these

Q29. Which is the second tallest house?

(1) P
(2) S
(3) Q
(4) R
(5) cannot be determined

Directions for Questions 30 to 34:
Answer the following questions based on the information given below:

Abdul, Bikram and Chetan are three professional traders who trade in shares of a company XYZ Ltd. Abdul follows the strategy of buying at the opening of the day at 10 am and selling the whole lot at the close of the day at 3 pm. Bikram follows the strategy of buying at hourly intervals: 10 am , 11 am, 12 noon, 1 pm and 2 pm, and selling the whole lot at the close of the day. Further, he buys an equal number of shares in each purchase. Chetan follows a similar pattern as Bikram but his strategy is somewhat different. Chetans total investment amount is divided equally among his purchases. The profit or loss made by each investor is the difference between the sale value at the close of the day less the investment in purchase. The return for each investor is defined as the ratio of the profit or loss to the investment amount expressed as a percentage.

Q30. On a day of fluctuating market prices, the share price of XYZ Ltd. ends with a gain, i.e., it is higher at the close of the day compared to the opening value. Which trader got the maximum return on that day?

(1) Bikram
(2) Chetan
(3) Abdul
(4) Bikram or Chetan
(5) cannot be determined

Q31. On a boom day the price of XYZ Ltd. keeps rising throughout the day and peaks at the close of the day. Which trader got the minimum return on that day?

(1) Bikram
(2) Chetan
(3) Abdul
(4) Abdul or Chetan
(5) cannot be determined

Q32. Which one of the following statements is always true?

(1) Abdul will not be the one with the minimum return
(2) Return for Chetan will be higher than that of Bikram
(3) Return for Bikram will be higher than that of Chetan
(4) Return for Chetan cannot be higher than that of Abdul
(5) none of the above

One day, two other traders, Dane and Emily joined Abdul, Bikram and Chetan for trading in the shares of XYZ Ltd. Dane followed a strategy of buying equal numbers of shares at 10 am, 11 am and 12 noon, and selling the same numbers at 1 pm, 2 pm and 3 pm. Emily, on the other hand, followed the strategy of buying shares using all her money at 10 am and selling all of them at 12 noon and again buying the shares for all the money at 1 pm and again selling all of them at the close of the day at 3 pm. At the close of the day the following was observed:
i. Abdul lost money in the transactions.
ii. Both Dane and Emily made profits.
iii. There was an increase in share price during the closing hour compared to the price
at 2 pm.
iv. Share price at 12 noon was lower than the opening price.

Q33. Share price was at its highest at

(1) 10 am
(2) 11 am
(3) 12 noon
(4) 1 pm
(5) cannot be determined

Q34. Which of the following is necessarily false?

(1) Share price was at its lowest at 2 pm
(2) Share price was at its lowest at 11 am
(3) Share price at 1 pm was higher than the share price at 2 pm
(4) Share price at 1 pm was higher than the share price at 12 noon
(5) none of the above

Directions for Questions 35 to 38:
Answer the following questions based on the information given below:

In a sports event, six teams (A, B, C, D, E and F) are competing against each other. Matches are scheduled in two stages. Each team plays three matches in Stage-I and two matches in Stage-II. No team plays against the same team more than once in the event. No ties are permitted in any of the matches. The observations after the completion of Stage-I and Stage-II are as given below. Stage-I: One team won all the three matches. Two teams lost all the matches. D lost to A but won against C and F. E lost to B but won against C and F. B lost at least one match. F did not play against the top team of Stage-I.
Stage-II: The leader of Stage-I lost the next two matches. Of the two teams at the bottom after Stage-I, one team won both matches, while the other lost both matches. One more team lost both matches in Stage-II.

Q35. The only team(s) that won both the matches in Stage-II is (are):

(1) B
(2) E & F
(3) A, E & F
(4) B, E & F
(5) B & F

Q36. The team(s) with the most wins in the event is (are):

(1) A
(2) A & C
(3) F
(4) E
(5) B & E

Q37. The teams that won exactly two matches in the event are:

(1) A, D & F
(2) D & E
(3) E & F
(4) D, E & F
(5) D & F

Q38. The two teams that defeated the leader of Stage-I are:

(1) F & D
(2) E & F
(3) B & D
(4) E & D
(5) F & D

Directions for Questions 39 and 40:-
Marks (1) if Q can be answered from A alone but not from B alone. Marks (2) if Q can be answered from B alone but not from A alone. Marks (3) if Q can be answered from A alone as well as from B alone. Marks (4) if Q can be answered from A and B together but not from any of them alone. Marks (5) if Q cannot be answered even from A and B together. In a single elimination tournament, any player is eliminated with a single loss. The tournament is played in multiple rounds subject to the following rules:
(a) If the number of players, say n, in any round is even, then the players are grouped in to n/2 pairs. The players in each pair play a match against each other and the winner moves on to the next round.
(b) If the number of players, say n, in any round is odd, then one of them is given a bye, that is, he automatically moves on to the next round. The remaining (n ? 1) players are grouped into (n ? 1)/2 pairs. The players in each pair play a match against each other and the winners moves on to the next round. No player gets more than one bye in the entire tournament.
Thus, if n is even, then n/2 players move on to the next round while if n is odd, then (n + 1)/2 players move on to the next round. The process is continued till the final round, which obviously is played between two players. The winner in the final round is the champion of the tournament.

Q39. Q: If the number of players, say n, in the first round was between 65 and 128, then what is the exact value of n?

A: Exactly one player received a bye in the entire tournament.
B: One player received a bye while moving on to the fourth round from third round

Q40. Q: What is the number of matches played by the champion?

A: The entry list for the tournament consists of 83 players.
B: The champion received one bye.

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