Syllogism Questions and Answers updated daily – Logical Reasoning


Syllogism Questions and Answers updated daily – Logical Reasoning



218 Syllogism Questions and answers section with explanation for various online exam preparation, various interviews, Logical Reasoning Syllogism online test. Syllogism Questions with detailed description, explanation will help you to master the topic.

Syllogism Questions

1. Statements:
All bulbs are wires.
No wire is cable. 
Some cables are paints.

Conclusions:
I. Some paints are cables.
II. Some wires are bulbs.
III. Some brushes are wires.
IV. Some cables are bulbs.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only I and II follow
Explanation:

According ot given statements, only conclusions I and II follows.

Alternate Method:
All bulbs are wires. No wire is cable. A + E => E - type of Conclusion
"No bulb is cable." Some cables are brushes All brushes are paints. I + A => I - type of Conclusion
"Some cables are paints." Conclusion I is Converse of it.
Conclusion II is Converse of the first Premise


2. Statements:
All papers are bottles.
All bottles are cups.
Some cups are jugs.
Some jugs are plates.

Conclusions:
I. Some plates are cups.
II. Some plates are bottles.
III. Some cups are papers.
IV. Some bottles are papers. 



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only III and IV follows
Explanation:


All papers are bottles. All bottles are cups. A + A => A - type of Conclusion
"All papers are cups." Conclusion III is Converse of it.
Conclusion IV is Converse of the first Premise.

Hence, only conclusion III and IV follows.


3. Statements:
Some birds are goats.
Some goats are horses.
Some horses are lions.
Some lions are tigers.

Conclusions:
I. Some tigers are goats.
II. No tiger is goat.
III. Some lions are birds.
IV. No lion is bird.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only either I or II and III or IV follows
Explanation:


All the four Premises are Particular Affirmative (I - type)
No Conclusion follows from the two Particular Premises.

Conclusions I and II form Complementary Pair.---> So, either Conclusion I or II follows.
Similarly, Conclusions III and IV form Complementary Pair.---> So, either Conclusion III or IV follows.


4. Statements :
Some tyres are rains.
Some rains are flowers.
All flowers are jungles.
All jungles are tubes.

Conclusions :
I. Some jungles are tyres.
II. Some tubes are rains.
III. Some jungles are rains.
IV. Some tubes are flowers. 



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only II, III and IV follows
Explanation:

According to given statements,Only conclusions II, III and IV follows.

Alternate Method:
Some rains are flowers. All flowers are jungles. I + A => I - types of Conclusion "Some rains are jungles." Conclusion III is Converse of it.
All flowers are jungles. All jungles are tubes. A + A => A - types of Conclusion "All flowers are tubes." Conclusion IV is Converse of it.
Some rains are jungles. All jungles are tubes. I + A => I - types of Conclusion "Some rains are tubes." Conclusion II is Converse of it.


5. Statements :
All belts are rollers.
Some rollers are wheels.
All wheels are mats.
Some mats are cars.

Conclusion :
I. Some mats are rollers.
II. Some mats are belts.
III. Some cars are rollers.
IV. Some rollers are belts.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only I and IV follow
Explanation:


According to the diagram,
I) Some mats are rollers---> True
II)Some rollers are belts---> True
Only I and IV follows.


6. Statements:
Some fruits are mangoes.
All mangoes are guavas.
No guava is a banana.

Conclusions:
I. All fruits are bananas.
II. No mango is a banana.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:If only conclusion II follows.
Explanation:

Conclusions:
I.
All fruits are bananas ---> False
II
. No mango is a banana ---> True
Only Conclusion II follows.


7. Statements:
No books is a pen.
All pens are pencils
All pencils are erasers.

Conclusions:
I. All pens are erasers.
II. At least some erasers are pencils.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:If both conclusions I and II follows.
Explanation:


According to given data, both the given conclusions are true.

Alternate Method:
All pens are pencils All pencils are erasers. A + A => A - type of Conclusion "All pens are erasers." This is conclusion I. Conclusion II is Converse of the second Premise.


From the given statement choose the right option, based on the given conclusions

Refer the above for the Questions 8 to 10
8. Statements:

All locks are keys. Some keys are pockets.



Conclusions:

I. No pocket is lock.

II. At least some pockets are keys



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:If only conclusion II follows.
Explanation:
All locks are keys Some keys are pockets. A + I => No conclusion Conclusion II is Converse of the second Premise.


9. Statements:

Some fruits are mangos. All mangos are guavas. No guava is a banana.



Conclusions:

I ) All guavas are fruits.

II )  Some guavas are fruits



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:If only conclusion II follows.
Explanation:
Some fruits are mangos. All mangos are guavas. I + A => I - type of conclusion "Some fruits are guavas". Conclusion II is Converse of it. All mangos are guavas No guava is a banana. A + E => E - type of conclusion "No mango is a banana


10.
Statements:

No giraffe is a leopard.
All leopards are kangaroos.
All kangaroos are wolfs.

Conclusions:

I) All kangaroos can never be giraffes.
II) All giraffes are definitely wolfs.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:If only conclusion I follows.
Explanation:
No giraffe is a leopard All leopards are kangaroos E + A ? O1 - type of Conclusion " Some kangaroos are not giraffes." This Conclusion implies that "All kangaroos can never be giraffes." All leopards are wolfs. All kangaroos are wolfs A + A ? A - type of conclusion " All leopards are wolfs."


In each of the questions below there are two, three or four statements followed by three or four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts.

Give answer:
a) If only Conclusion I follows
b) If only Conclusion II follows
c) If either I or II follows
d) If neither I nor II follows
e) If both I and II follow

Refer the above for the Questions 11 to 14
11. Some mangoes are yellow. Some apples are mangoes



Conclusion I : Some mangoes are yellow

Conclusion II : Apples are yellow



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only (I) conclusion follows
Explanation:

Only Conclusion I follows.


12. Statements:

Some wires are fires

All fires are tyres



Conclusion:

I. Atleast some tyres are wires

II. Some fires are definitely not wires



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only (I) conclusion follows
Explanation:

Conclusion:
I. Atleast some types are wires. (✓)
II. Some fires are definitely not wires. (✗)
Only Conclusion I follows


13.
Statements:
All pens are ink.
No ink is an eraser.

Conclusion:
I. No pen is an eraser.
II. Some erasers are pens. 



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only (I) conclusion follows
Explanation:

Conclusion:
I. No pen is an eraser. (✓)
II. Some erasers are pens. (✗)
Only Conclusion I follows


14. Statements:
All plants are animals. 
All insects are plants.

Conclusion:
I. All insects being animals is a possibility.
II. There is possibility that some animals are neither insects nor plants.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Both (I) and (II) follow
Explanation:



Conclusion:
I. All insects being animals is a possibility. (✓)
II. There is possibility that some animals are neither insects nor plants. (✓)
Both conclusion I and II follows


15. Statements:
No house is an apartment
Some apartments are bungalows

Conclusion:
I. No house is a bungalow
II. All bungalows being houses is a possibility 



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Neither (I) nor (II) follows
Explanation:

Conclusion:
I. No house is a bungalow. (✗)
II. All bungalows being houses is a possibility. (✗)
Neither Conclusion I nor II follows


In each of the questions below there are two, three or four statements followed by three or four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts.

Give answer:
a) If only Conclusion I follows
b) If only Conclusion II follows
c) If either I or II follows
d) If neither I nor II follows
e) If both I and II follow

Refer the above for the Questions 16 to 19
16. Statements:
Some exams are tests
No exam is a question

Conclusion:
I. No question is a test.
II. Some tests are exams. 



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only (II) conclusion follows
Explanation:

Conclusion:
I. No question is a test. (✗)
II. Some tests are exams. (✓)
conclusionII follows


In each of the questions below there are two, three or four statements followed by three or four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts.

Give answer:
a) If only Conclusion I follows
b) If only Conclusion II follows
c) If either I or II follows
d) If neither I nor II follows
e) If both I and II follow

Refer the above for the Questions 17 to 29
17. What can we conclude from the given statement ?

All white are cities
Somes states are white

Statement I : Some states are cities
Statement II : Some states are not white 



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only I follows
Explanation:

Only Statement I follows.


In each of the questions below there are two, three or four statements followed by three or four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts.

Give answer:
a) If only Conclusion I follows
b) If only Conclusion II follows
c) If either I or II follows
d) If neither I nor II follows
e) If both I and II follow

Refer the above for the Questions 18 to 30
18. What can we conclude from the given statements ?
Some oranges are cakes
All cakes are creams

Conclusion I : Some cakes are not creams
Conclusion II : Some cakes are creams 



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only II follows
Explanation:

Only Conclusion II follows


In each of the questions below there are two, three or four statements followed by three or four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts.

Give answer:
a) If only Conclusion I follows
b) If only Conclusion II follows
c) If either I or II follows
d) If neither I nor II follows
e) If both I and II follow

Refer the above for the Questions 19 to 31
19. What can you conclude from the below given statements?
All mars are stars.
All Stars are moons.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Some mars are moons
Explanation:

According to given statements, Option C) "Some mars are moons" holds correct.


In each of the questions below there are two, three or four statements followed by three or four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts.

Give answer:
a) If only Conclusion I follows
b) If only Conclusion II follows
c) If either I or II follows
d) If neither I nor II follows
e) If both I and II follow

Refer the above for the Questions 20 to 32
20. Which of the following options is correct based on the given statements?

Some trees are apples.
Some apples are seeds.

Statement I: Some trees are not seeds.
Statement II: Some seeds are not apples.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:neither I nor II follows
Explanation:
  • Statement I and II are negative considerations
  • So neither I nor II follows.



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