Syllogism: Solved 582 Syllogism Questions and answers section with explanation for various online exam preparation, various interviews, Logical Reasoning Category online test. Category Questions section with detailed description, explanation will help you to master the topic.

Syllogism Questions

1. In the question, two statements are given, followed by two conclusions, I and II. You have to consider the statements to be true even if it seems to be at variance from commonly known facts. You have to decide which of the given conclusions, if any, follows from the given statements.

Statement :
1: All clocks are watches.
2: Some clocks are alarm.

Conclusion:
I: Some alarm are watches.
II: All watches are alarm.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only conclusion (I) follows
Explanation:




Thus only conclusion I follows.


2. In the question, two statements are given, followed by two conclusions, I and II. You have to consider the statements to be true even if it seems to be at variance from commonly known facts. You have to decide which of the given conclusions, if any, follows from the given statements.

Statements:
I. Some pens are glass.
II. All glass are wall.

Conclusions:
I. Some wall are pens.
II. Some wall are glass.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Both conclusion follow
Explanation:




Conclusions:
I. Some wall are pens. (True) - It is clear from the given diagram
II. Some wall are glass. (True) - It is clear from the given diagram

Thus both the conclusions follow.



3. In the question, two statements are given, followed by two conclusions, I and II. You have to consider the statements to be true even if it seems to be at variance from commonly known facts. You have to decide which of the given conclusions, if any, follows from the given statements.

Statements:
No cities are countries.
No countries are villages.

Conclusions:
I. Some countries are city.
II. No villages are city.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows
Explanation:



Conclusions:
I. Some countries are city - False, it is not a definite case.
II. No villages are city - False, it is not a definite case.
So, neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.

Hence, option D is correct.


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4. In the question, two statements are given, followed by two conclusions, I and II. You have to consider the statements to be true even if it seems to be at variance from commonly known facts. You have to decide which of the given conclusions, if any, follows from the given statements.

Statements :
All cups are pencils.
Some pencils are pens.

Conclusions :
I. Some pencils are cups.
II. No pencil are cups.
III. Some cups are pens.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only conclusion I follows
Explanation:




Conclusions :
I. Some pencils are cups - True, it is a definite case.
II. No pencil are cups - False, it is not a definite case.
III. Some cups are pens - False, it is not a definite case.
So, only conclusion I follow.

Hence, the correct option is A.


5. In the question, two statements are given, followed by two conclusions, I and II. You have to consider the statements to be true even if it seems to be at variance from commonly known facts. You have to decide which of the given conclusions, if any, follows from the given statements.

Statements :
All fruits are leaves.
Some fruits are grapes.

Conclusions :
I. Some leaves are grapes.
II. All grapes are fruits.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only conclusion I follows
Explanation:




Conclusions :
I. Some leaves are grapes - True, it is a definite case.
II. All grapes are fruits - False, as it is not a definite case.
Clearly, only conclusion I follow.

Hence, option A is correct.


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6. In the question, two statements are given, followed by two conclusions, I and II. You have to consider the statements to be true even if it seems to be at variance from commonly known facts. You have to decide which of the given conclusions, if any, follows from the given statements.

Statements :
No rings are bangles.
All gold are rings.

Conclusions :
I. No bangles are gold.
II. Some rings are gold.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only conclusion II follows
Explanation:




Conclusions :

I. No bangles are gold - Can't say as there is no relation between Gold and Bangles.
II. Some rings are gold - True, as it is a definite case.
So, only conclusion II follows.

Hence, the correct option is C.


Direction: In each of the questions below are given few statements followed by two conclusions. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

Refer the above for the Questions 7 to 20
7. Statements:
All apples are bananas.
No banana is a mango.
Some mangoes are oranges.

Conclusions:
I. All oranges can never be bananas.
II. Some mangoes are apples.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only conclusion I follows
Explanation:


I. All oranges can never be bananas. - (True) - Since some of the part of orange is in mango. Therefore the conclusion is true.
II. Some mangoes are apples. - (False) - It is clear from the diagram.
Only conclusion I is follow.
Hence, option A is the correct response.


8. Statements:
Some MBA’s are CAs.
No CA’s is CS’s.
No MCOM’s is a MBA’s.

Conclusions:
I. Some CA’s are not MCOM’s.
II. No CS’s is a MBA’s.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only conclusion I follows
Explanation:
1) Statements
Some MBA’s are CAs
No CA’s is CS’s
No MCOM’s is a MBA’s
Combining all three statements, we get



Conclusions
I. Some CA’s are not MCOM’s
II. No CS’s is a MBA’s

Conclusion I.
No MCOM’s is a MBA’s + Some MBA’s are CAs = Some CA’s are not MCOM’s ü
Hence, Conclusion I follow.

Conclusion II. Some MBA’s are CAs + No CA’s is CS’s = Some MBA’s are not CS’s û
Hence, Conclusion II does not follow.


9. Statements:
All teachers are sir.
No teacher is a student.
Some students are weak.
Conclusions:
I) All weak being teacher is a possibility.
II) All weak being sir is a possibility.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only conclusion II follows
Explanation:




So, only 2nd conclusion is possible.


10. Statements:
All apartments are huts.
No hut is a building.
All buildings are cottages.

Conclusions:
I.No apartment is a cottage.
II. Some buildings being apartments is a possibility.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
Explanation:


Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows


11. Statements:
A. All kings are beggars.
B. All beggars are labourers.
C. All labourers are peoples.

Conclusions:
I. Some people are kings.
II. No labourer is king.
III. All kings are labourers.
IV. All labourers are kings.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:None of these
Explanation:



Only I & III follows.


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12. Statements:
A. All artists are painters.
B. All actors are gentle.
C. All gentle are painters.

Conclusions:
I. No artist is actor.
II. All painters are actors.
III. Some gentle are not actors
IV. Some artist are not gentle.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:None follows
Explanation:


None of the four conclusions is necessarily true. Hence None follows will be the answer.


13. Statements:
Some girls are boys.
Some sisters are brothers
All mothers are girls.
All brothers are mothers.

Conclusions:
I. Some boys are brothers
II. Some girls are sisters
III. Some mothers are sisters
IV. Some boys are sisters.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only II and III follow
Explanation:


Only II & III follow


14. Statements:
All booklets are packets.
All packets are bottles.
Some bottles are cans.
Some cans are pitchers.

Conclusions:
I. Some pitchers are bottles.
II. Some cans are packets.
III. Some bottles are booklets.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only Ill follows
Explanation:



Hence Conclusion:
I No
II No
III Yes
So, only III follows.


15. Statements:
Some ropes are walls.
Some walls are sticks.
All sticks are chairs.
All chairs are tables.

Conclusions:
I. Some tables are walls.
II. Some chairs are ropes.
III. Some sticks are ropes.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only I follows
Explanation:


Hence Conclusion:
I Yes
II No
III No

So, only I follows.


16. Statements:
Some rivers are jungles.
Some jungles are horses.
Some horses are tents.
Some tents are buildings.

Conclusions:
I. Some buildings are horses.
II. Some tents are jungles.
III. Some horses are rivers.
IV. Some tents are rivers.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:None follows
Explanation:



Hence Conclusion:
I No
II No
III No
IV No

Therefore, None follows.


17. Statements:
Some planes are bus.
Only a few buses are car.
All train is car.

Conclusions:
I. All buses are train is a possibility.
II. All cars is plane is a possibility.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:If conclusion II follows
Explanation:
The least possible Venn diagram for the given statements is as follows:




Conclusions:

I. All buses are train is a possibility -> Not possible, hence false.

II. All cars is plane is a possibility -> Possible hence true.

So, only conclusion II follows.


18. Statements:

A few dolls are not calls.
Each call is pal.
Some pals are not malls.

Conclusions:

I. Most of the malls are not call.
II. All malls are dolls.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows
Explanation:
The least possible Venn diagram for the given statements is as follows:



Conclusions:

I. Most of the malls are not call -> Not sure, hence false.

II. All malls are dolls -> Not sure, hence false.

So, neither I nor II follows.


19. Statements:

Only a few males are smart.
All smart are graceful.

Conclusions:

I. All graceful can be male.
II. Some graceful are smart.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Both the conclusions follow
Explanation:
The least possible Venn diagram for the given statements is as follows:



Conclusions:

I. All graceful can be male -> Possible, hence true.

II. Some graceful are smart -> Sure, hence true.

Thus, both I and II follow.


20. Statements:

Generally boys are girls.
All wise are careful.
Only a few boys are careful.
Some wise are not girls.

Conclusions:

I. Few girls can never be careful.
II. No girl is wise.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:If conclusion I follows
Explanation:
The least possible Venn diagram for the given statements is as follows:



Conclusions:

I. Few girls can never be careful -> It’s sure, hence true.

II. No girl is wise -> Not sure, hence false.

So, only I follows.





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