Syllogism: Solved 463 Syllogism Questions and answers section with explanation for various online exam preparation, various interviews, Logical Reasoning Category online test. Category Questions section with detailed description, explanation will help you to master the topic.

Syllogism Questions

1. The question below are given some statements followed by some conclusions. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts:

Statements:
All sticks are plants.
All plants are insects.
All insects are amphibians.
Conclusions:
I. Atleast some amphibians are plants.
II. All sticks are insects.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Both I and II follows
Explanation:


I. Atleast some amphibians are plants - It is definite, so true
II. All sticks are insects - It is definite, so true
So, both the conclusions follows.


2. The question below are given some statements followed by some conclusions. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts:

Statements:
All birds are tall.
Some talls are hens.
Conclusions:
I. Some birds are definitely not hens.
II. Atleast some hens are tall.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only II follows
Explanation:


I. Some birds are definitely not hens - It is possible so false.
II. Atleast some hens are tall - Its definite so it is true.

Therefore, conclusions II only follows.


3. Statements:
All orange are bad.
All bad is good.
All good are mango.

Conclusion:
I All good are orange
II Some mango are bad




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only II follows
Explanation:

Here, only conclusion II is definite. So, conclusion II only folows.


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4. Statements:
All sketch are rubber.
All bench is box.
Some rubber are box.

Conclusions:
I. Some bench are sketch.
II. No bench are sketch.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Either I or II follows
Explanation:

Here, Some bench are sketch or No bench are sketch. So either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.


5. Statements:
Some mirrors are fans.
All doors are fan.
All TV are mirror.
Some doors are window.

Conclusions:
I. Some doors are TV.
II. Some windows are definitely mirror.
III. At least some fans are window.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:If only conclusion III follows
Explanation:


I. Some doors are TV → it’s possible but not definite, hence false.
II. Some windows are definitely mirror → it’s possible but not definite, hence false.
III. At least some fans are window → it’s definite, hence true.
Hence only conclusion III follows.


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6. Statement:
No rat is goat.
All goats are whales.
Some buffaloes are rats.
Some whales are buffaloes.

Conclusion:
a) No rat is whale.
b) All buffaloes being goats is a possibility.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Neither a nor b follow
Explanation:


a => not definite so, false
b => even a possiblility statement all buffaloes cannot be goat so, false
Hence, Neither a nor b follow.


7. Statement:
All boxes are bags.
All bags are schools.
Some schools are colleges.
All colleges are institutes.

Conclusion:
a) All institutes are bags.
b) At least some schools are institutes.
c) All bags are not boxes.
d) All boxes being schools is a possibility.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:b and d follow
Explanation:


a => not possible
b and d => possibilities => so, true
c => some bags are box so, all bags are not box is false
Hence, b and d follow.


8. In the following question below are given some statements followed by some conclusions. Taking the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts, read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusion logically follows the given statements.

Statements:
All pens are pencils
No pencil is an eraser
Conclusions:
I. No eraser is a pen
II. No pen is an eraser




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Both I and II follows
Explanation:


Here, both I and II conculsions follows.


9. Statements:
Some Hut are Home.
Some Cottage are Home.
No House is Hut.
No House is Cottage.

Conclusions:
I. Some Home can be House.
II. At least some Hut are Cottage.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:If only (I) conclusion follows.
Explanation:


I. It is possible => true.
II. Not definite => false.
Hence, Only I follows.


10. Statement:
Some circles are parabola.
All parabolas are ellipse.
No semicircle is circle.
All circles are ellipse.
No hyperbola is parabola.

Conclusion:
I. Some circles which are parabola are also ellipse is a possibility.
II. Some parabolas are not semicircle.
III. Some hyperbolas are circle is a possibility.
IV. All semicircles are ellipse are possibility.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only II, III and IV follow
Explanation:


I. Some circles which are parabola are also ellipse is true but the term possibility made the sentence negative so it is false.
II. Some parabolas which are connected with circle are not semicircle so it is true.
III. Some hyperbolas are circle is a possibility => it is possible => true.
IV. All semicircles are ellipse are possibility => it is possible => true.
Hence, II, III and IV follows.


11. Based on the given statement, choose the correct conclusions.
Statements:
All Bag is Pouch.
Some Bag is Curtain.
No Curtain is Cloth.
Some Pouch is Floor.

Conclusions:
I. Some Pouch are not Cloth.
II. All Floor can be Curtain.
III. All Pouch are Bag.
IV. Some Cloth can be Pouch.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only I, II and IV follow
Explanation:


I. Some Pouch are not Cloth => It's definite, hence true.
II. All Floor can be Curtain => here is no definite relation but possibility is true.
III. All Pouch are Bag => It's false.
IV. Some Cloth can be Pouch => there is no definite relation but possibility is true.
Hence, I, II and IV follows.


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12. Statements:
Some Rubber are Pen.
All Pen are Pencil.
All Rubber are scale.
Conclusions:
I. Some Rubber being Pencil is a possibility.
II. Some Scale being Pen is a possibility.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows
Explanation:

I. Some Rubber are Pencil is true but the term possibility made the sentence negative so, it is false. II. Some Scale being Pen is true but the term possibility made the sentence negative so, it is also false.


13. Statements:
All violet are green.
All yellow are orange.
Some violet are orange.
No yellow is violet.
Conclusions:
I. All orange can be violet.
II. All green being yellow is a possibility.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows
Explanation:

There is no link between violet and yellow. It does not follow even in possibility case. Hence, neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.


14. Based on the given statement and few conclusions, choose the right statement which gives the correct conclusions.

Statements:
Some rose are lilly.
All lilly are jasmine.
Some rose are not sunflower.
Conclusions:
I. All sunflower are lilly is a possibility.
II. All rose are jasmine is a possibility.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:If both conclusion I and conclusion II follow
Explanation:

I. All sunflower are lilly => this possibility holds true.
II. All rose are jasmine => this possibility holds true.
Hence, both conclution follows.


15. In the following question below are given some statements followed by some conclusions. Taking the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts, read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusion logically follows the given statements. 

Statements:
I. All bags are tables.
II. No table is red.
Conclusions:
I. Some bags are red.
II. All bags are red.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Neither I nor II follows
Explanation:


I. Some bags are red - It is not definite so false.
II. All bags are red - False.
Hence, neither I nor II follows.


16. Statements:
Some trees are jungles.
Some jungles are flowers.
All flowers are lilies.
No tree is seed.

Conclusions:
I. Some lilies are jungles.
II. Some lilies are trees.
III. Some flower are seed.
IV. No flower is seed.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Conclusion I and either III or IV follows
Explanation:


By above diagram, some lilies are jungles is true.
Some lilies are trees is possible but not definite so, it is false.
III and IV are either case.
Hence, Conclusion I and either III or IV follows.


17. Statements:
Some sticks are lamps.
Some flowers are lamps.
Some lamps are dresses.
All dresses are shirts.

Conclusions:
I. Some shirts are sticks.
II. Some shirts are flowers.
III. Some flowers are sticks.
IV. Some dresses are sticks.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:None follows
Explanation:


I, II, III and IV are possible but not definite.


18. Statements:
All Mats are nests.
All nests are chips.
No dog is nest.
All kites are frogs.
Some kites are dogs.

Conclusions:
I. All nests can be kites.
II. No mat is Dog.
III. Some chips can be kites.
IV. Some kites are not nests.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:All follow
Explanation:


I and III are possiblities => True.
No nest is dog so, mat belongs to the nest are also not dog => True.
kite belongs to the dog are not nest so, some kites are not nests is true.
Hence, all follows.


19. Statements:
Some chairs are handles.
All handles are pots.
All pots are mats.
Some mats are buses.

Conclusions:
I. Some buses are handles.
II. Some mats are chairs.
III. No bus is handle.
IV. Some mats are handles.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only either I or III and II and IV follow
Explanation:


I and III are either case. Always true.
Some mats are chairs is possible. So, I follows.
Here all handles are mats So, some mats are handle is true.
Hence, Only either I or III and II and IV follow.


20. Statements:
Some doors are walls.
Some doors are teeth.
No wall is a teeth.
Some teeth are plates.

Conclusions:
I. Some doors are not walls.
II. Some plates are not teeth.
III. No wall is a plate.
IV. Some plates are wall




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only conclusion I and either III or IV follows
Explanation:


There is no link between walls and teeth. So, some doors belongs to the teeth are not wall. I is true.
If some doors are teeth then some teeth are also door. II is false.
III and IV are either case. Always true.
Hence, Only conclusion I and either III or IV follows.





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