Number System: Solved 406 Number System Questions and answers section with explanation for various online exam preparation, various interviews, Logical Reasoning Category online test. Category Questions section with detailed description, explanation will help you to master the topic.
Number System Questions
1. The first term of an Arithmetic Progression is 22 and the last term is 11. If the sum is 66, the number of terms in the sequences are
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Correct Ans:12
Explanation:
Given: s - 66, a - 22, l - 11
The sum of Arithmetic Progression is given by
s = (n/2)(a + l)
66 = (n/2)(22 - 11)
66 = (n/2)(11)
n = (66 x 2)/11
n = 12
2. Find the number lying between 900 and 1000 which when divided by 38 and 57 leaves in each case a remainder 23.
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Correct Ans:935
Explanation:
Here, LCM of 38 and 57 is 114. Where 114 is divisible by both 38 and 57. Therefore, the required number is multiple of 114. Number divisible by 114 between 900 and 1000 is 912. Required number = 912 + 23 = 935.
3. A student was asked to divide a number by 6 and add 12 to the quotient. He, however, first added 12 to the number and the divided it by 6, getting 112 as the answer. The correct answer should have been
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Correct Ans:122
Explanation:
Let the number be X. When first added 12 to the number and then divide by 6, the answer is 112. (X + 12)/6 = 112 (X + 12) = 672 X = 672 - 12 X = 660
Therefore, when number is first divided by 6 and added by 12 we get, = (660/6) + 12 = 110 + 12 = 122.
4. A number when divided by 136, leaves remainder 36. If the same number is divided by 17, the remainder will be
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Correct Ans:2
Explanation:
If the first divisor be a multiple of the second divisor, then required number = Remainder obtained by dividing the first remainder by the second divisor. Since, 17 is a factor of 136. Therefore, 36 divided by 17 is 2.
5. The smallest number in the set of five consecutive even numbers is 1 more than the largest number in the set of six consecutive odd numbers. What is the difference between the square of the second largest even number and the square of the second smallest odd number, if the sum of the smallest odd number and second smallest even number is 75?
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Correct Ans:1215
Explanation:
Let us take five consecutive even numbers x, x+2, x+4, x+6, x+8 and six consecutive odd numbers y, y +4, y +6, y +8, y+10 Given, X-y=llâ€”(l) Simplify the above equation (I) and (2), we get x=42 Required difference = (482-332)=1215
6. If 3 is added to the numerator while 1 is subtracted to the denominator ratio becomes 5 : 4 while if one is added to the denominator and 5 is subtracted from the numerator the ratio becomes 2 : 3. What is the original fraction?
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Correct Ans:17/17
Explanation:
Assume the fraction = a/b
Condition 1: 3 is added to the numerator while 1 is subtracted to the denominator ratio becomes 5 : 4
(a+3)/(b-1) = 5/4
4a - 5b = -17
Condition 2: 1 is added to the denominator and 5 is subtracted from the numerator the ratio becomes 2 : 3
(a+1)/(b-5) = 2/3
3a - 2b = 17
solving both the equation
a = b = 17
Fraction = 17/17
7. 1/10 of a rod is coloured red, 1/20 orange, 1/30 yellow, 1/40 green, 1/50 blue, 1/60 black and the rest is violet. If the length of the violet portion of the rod is 12.08 m, then the length of the rod is __________.
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Correct Ans:16 m
Explanation:
Assume the total parts as 1 Other colours + Violet = 1 1 - (1/10 + 1/20 + 1/30 + 1/40 + 1/50 + 1/60) = Violet 1 - (49/200) = Violet 151/200 parts is Violet It is given that the length of the violet portion of the rod is 12.08 m Let the length of the rod be L, Therefore, 151 * L/200 = 12.08 L = 200 * 12.08/151 = 16 m Length of the rod = 16 m
8. A fraction having denominator 30 and lying between 5/8 and 7/11 is ________.
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Correct Ans:19/30
Explanation:
Now, when the 5/8 is simplified we get,
5/8= 0.625 (approximately 0.63)
Similarly, 7/11 = 0.63
Now considering the options,
21/30 = 0.7
20/30 = 0.67
19/30 = 0.63
18/30 = 0.6
So, a fraction that lies between 5/8 and 7/11 is 19/30
9. A fraction becomes 1/3, when 1 is subtracted from both the numerator and the denominator. The same fraction becomes 1/2, when 1 is added to both the numerator and the denominator. The sum of numerator and denominator of the fraction is __________.
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Correct Ans:10
Explanation:
Let the original fraction be x/y It is given that, (x-1)/(y-1)=1/3 = 3x â€“ 3 = y â€“ 1 = 3x â€“ y = 2 ----------(1) It is also given that, (x+1)/(y+1)=1/2 = 2x + 2 = y + 1 = 2x â€“ y = -1 ----------(2) On subtracting equation (2) from equation (1), we get (3x â€“ y) â€“ (2x â€“ y) = 2 â€“ (-1) = 3x â€“ 2x = 3 = x = 3 Replacing the value of x in equation (1), we get 3x â€“ y = z = 9 â€“ y = 2 y = 9 â€“ 2 = 7 âˆ´ Sum of numerator and denominator = x + y = 7 + 3 = 10
10. When two numbers are respectively divided by 33, the remainders are 21 and 28 respectively. If the sum of the two numbers is divided by 33, the remainder will be?
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Correct Ans:16
Explanation:
The numbers will be in the form of
1st number = 33a + 21
2nd number = 33b + 28
Sum of two numbers = 33a + 21 + 33b + 28
= 33(a + b) + 49
So, irrespective of value a and b, 33(a + b) will always be divisible by 33. So the remaining 49 is left.
When 49 is divided by 33, we get 16 as remainder.
Therefore, sum of two numbers divided by 33, we get 16 as a remainder.
12. If in a three-digit number the last two digits places are interchanged, a new number is formed which is greater than the original number by 45. What is the difference between the last two digits of that number?
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Correct Ans:5
Explanation:
Let the three digit number, xyz = 100x + 10y + z
When position of second and third digit interchanged, xzy = 100x + 10z + y
According to the question,
xyz - xzy = 45
(100x + 10y + z) - (100x + 10z + y) = 45
100x + 10y + z - 100x - 10z - y = 45
9y - 9z = 45 y - z = 5
Therefore, difference between last two digit of that number is 5.
13. If 1/6 th of wall is painted blue, 1/3rd is painted yellow and remaining 9m is painted white, what is the length of the wall?
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Correct Ans:18m
Explanation:
Given: 1/6 th part painted in blue and 1/3 rd part painted in yellow. Remaining part painted in white = 9m Remaining part of the wall = 1 - (1/6 + 1/3) = 1- [(1+2)/6] = 1 - (3/6) = 1 - 1/2 = 1/2 Therefore, remaining 1/2 part painted in white which is 9m. So, Length of the wall = 9 + 9 = 18m.
14. What is the sum of all natural numbers between 100 and 400 which are divisible by 13?
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Correct Ans:5681
Explanation:
The first number divisible by 13 between 100 and 400 = 104 The last number divisible by 13 between 100 and 400 = 390
WKT, nth term = a + (n -1 )d Where, a = first term, d - common difference Here, nth term = 390; a = 104; d =13 390 = 104 + (n - 1)13 (390 - 104)/13 = n - 1 286/13 = n - 1 22 = n - 1 n = 23
15. What is the unit digit of the sum of first 131 whole numbers?
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Correct Ans:5
Explanation:
Given:
Sum of first 130 numbers= 1 + 2 + 3 + ....... + 130
WKT, 1 + 2 + 3 + ......+ n = n(n + 1)/2
Here, n = 130
The sum of first 130 numbers = 130(130 + 1)/2
= 130(131)/2
= 8515
Therefore, unit digit of the sum of first 131 whole numbers is 5.
17. The sum of two numbers is 150. If one fourth of first number is 5 more than the one sixth part of the other number, find the smaller number.
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Correct Ans:72
Explanation:
Let the first number be x.
Therefore, second number be (150 - x).
According to the question,
1/4 th of first number = 5 more than 1/6 th of second number
x/4 = [(150 - x)/6] + 5
x/4 = (150 - x + 30)/6
x/4 = (180 - x)/6
6x = 720 - 4x
6x + 4x = 720
10x = 720
x = 72
Second number = 150 - 72 = 78
Therefore, smallest number is 72.
18. A number when divided by 91 gives remainder 17. When the same number is divided by 13, the remainder will be:
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Correct Ans:4
Explanation:
X is a number Given that, When X is divided by 91 gives remainder 17 So, X = 91 + 17 = 108 108 divided by 91 leaves 17 as remainder 108 / 13 = 4 âˆ´ The remainder is 4
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