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# Logical Reasoning Questions And Answers Sample Test 9

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## Logical Reasoning Test 9

You have scored 3 out of 10
You Scored:2
Total Questions:2
Attended Questions:2
In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

1. Condone : Excuse :: Taboo : ?

Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Excuse is the synonym of Condone
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Forbidden is the synonym for Taboo.

2. Among 5 people M, N, O, P and Q having different heights, who is the tallest ?

I.O is taller than only one person. Only 1 people is taller than only Q. M is not the Shortest.
II.O is shorter than 3 persons. Only one person is taller than Q. M is neither the taller nor the shortest in the group.N is the shortest in the group.

Explanation:

Statement I : Not sufficient to answer the question.
Statement II:P>Q>M>O>N
So,the data in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

3. Rabbits : squeak :: Giraffes : ?

Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, we can infer that in the left side an animal and the sound it makes is given i.e. squeak is sound made by Rabbits
By Applying the same logic to the right side we can conclude that bleat is the sound made by Giraffes.

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

4. Abate : Decrease :: Backlash : ?

Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Decrease is the synonym of Abate
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Reaction is the synonym for Backlash.

In each question below is given a group of letters followed by four combinations of digits/symbols. You have to find out which of the combinations correctly represents the group of letters based on the following coding system and mark the number of that combination as the answer.

Conditions:
1) If both the first and the last letter of the group are vowels, their codes are to be interchanged.
2) If the first letter is a consonant and the last letter is a vowel, both are to be coded as the code for the consonant.

5. ERHBMT

Explanation:

Letter E ---> %
Letter R ---> 1
Letter H ---> @
Letter B ---> \$
Letter M ---> 6

6. A,B,C,D,E,F,G and H are sitting in a row facing North.

(i) A is fourth to the right of E

(ii) H is fourth to the left of D

(iii) C and F, which are not at the ends are neighbours of B and E respectively.

(iv) H is immediate left of A and A is the neighbour of B.

Find the Odd man out ?

Explanation:

A and C are not neighbours. Hence the odd one is AC.

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

7. Resistance : Liberation :: Care : ?

Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Liberation is the Antonym of Resistance
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Advantage is the Antonym for Care.

8. If A is coded as -, B is coded as +, C is coded as * and D is coded as / then evaluate 5 A 8 B 6 C 5 D 2 C 3?

Explanation:

Given,A is coded as -,
B is coded as +,
C is coded as * and
D is coded as /

and the given expression:5 A 8 B 6 C 5 D 2 C 3
By using correct symbols, we get,
5 - 8 + 6 * 5 / 2 * 3
= 42

9. Find out the alternative figure which contains (X) as its part

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

10. Radiant : Dull :: Temporal : ?

Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Dull is the Antonym of Radiant
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Immaterial is the Antonym for Temporal.

Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below. A number arrangement machine when given an input of words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step.

The following is an illustration of input and steps of rearrangement.

Input: above has worked but as Marketing officer

Step I: above as has worked but Marketing officer
Step II: above as but has worked Marketing officer
Step III: above as but has Marketing worked officer
Step IV: above as but has Marketing officer worked
This is the final arrangement and step IV is the last step for this input.

11. Input: Changed pattern based on the new syllabus
What is the position of the word "pattern" from left end in step II of above input?

Explanation:

After careful analysis of the input and various steps of rearrangement, it is evident that in the first step one word is arranged according to alpahabetical order. This step is continued till all the words get arranged in alphabetical order.

Input : Changed pattern based on the new syllabus
Step I: based Changed pattern on the new syllabus
Step II : based Changed new pattern on the syllabus

Thus,the position of the word "pattern" from left end in step II is "4th"

12. T, R, P, N, L, ?, ?

Explanation:

The letters move 2 steps backward in the English alphabetical order.

L - 2 = J
J - 2 = H

Five girls are sitting on a bench to be photographed. Seema is to the left of Rani and to the right of Bindu. Mary is to the right of Rani. Reeta is between Rani and Mary.

13. Who is sitting immediate right to Reeta?

Explanation:

Mary is sitting immediate right to Reeta

Six players K,M,G,D,L and T are sitting in a circular table facing the center. M is to the left of K . D is between G and T . L is between G and M . And M is diagonally opposite to D.

14. Who sits diagonally opposite to L

Explanation:

G
L T
M D
K

15. Statement: It is reported that though Vitamin E present in fresh fruits and vegetables is beneficial for human body, capsule Vitamin E does not have the same effect on human body.

Courses of Action:
I. The sale of capsule Vitamin E should be banned.
II. People should be encouraged to take fresh fruits and vegetables to meet the body's requirement of Vitamin E.

Explanation:

The statement implies that capsule Vitamin E does not function so effectively as natural Vitamin E. Since no negative effect of capsule Vitamin E is mentioned, so I does not follow. Hence, only II follows.

16. Directions-
P © Q means P is not smaller than Q
P % Q means P is not greater than Q
P # Q means P is neither smaller than nor equal to Q
P @ Q means P is neither greater than nor smaller than Q
P \$ Q means P is neither greater than nor equal to Q

From the conditions given below, choose the correct option.
R # D and D © K, K \$ M.

Statement I. M # R
Statement II. K \$ R

Explanation:

Given,
% --- ≤
# --- >
@ --- =
\$ --- <

R # D and D © K, K \$ M.
=> R > D≥ K < M

Statement I . M # R ---> M > R (False)
Statement II. K \$ R ---> K < R (True)
Thus, only conclusion II is true.

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

17. Ally : Associate :: Obscene : ?

Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Associate is the synonym of Ally
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Filthy is the synonym for Obscene.

18. Find the odd one out

Explanation:

All except Reader are persons involved in the preparation of a journal, newspaper or magazine.

The selection committee of a company laid down the following criteria of selection for the post of Manager – Accounts:

1) The candidate must be a postgraduate in Commerce.
2) The candidate must have completed 21 years and should not be more than 35 years as on 31.7.1996.
3) If the candidate does not satisfy the criterion in (1) above but has completed his CA examination he will referred to Director- Finance, who can allow the candidate to appear in the interview if otherwise eligible.
4) If the candidate fulfils all the criteria mentioned in (1) and (2) above, he/she will be called for group discussion.
5) The candidate must get 50% marks to qualify in the group discussion.
6) If the candidate qualifies in the group discussion he/she will be called for interview.
7) The candidate must get 30% marks in the interview (out of 50) to get finally selected.

Based on the above criteria, decide which of the following courses of action should be taken in case of candidates described in each of the following questions.

19. Mr. Roy is a Commerce graduate, has passed his CA examination and was born on 18.4.1974.

Nine friends L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S and T are sitting around a circle facing the centre. T sits 5th to the right of R. N is not an immediate neighbor of either R of T. M sits between S and P. N sits 4th to the left of P. O sits 2nd to the right of Q. S is not an immediate neighbor of T.

20. If all the nine friends are made to sit alphabetically in the clockwise direction starting from L, positions of how many will remain unchanged (excluding L) ?

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

21. Kangaroo : joey :: Whale : ?

Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, we can infer that in the left side an adult name and its baby name is given i.e. joey is baby of Kangaroo
By Applying the same logic to the right side we can conclude that calf is the baby of Whale.

Based on the given statement and few conclusions, choose the right statement which gives the correct conclusions.

22.
Statements :
Some birds are goats.
Some goats are horses.
Some horses are lions.
Some lions are tigers.

Conclusions :
I. Some tigers are goats.
II. No tiger is goat.
III. Some lions are birds.
IV. No lion is bird.

Explanation:

According to the given statement,
Conclusions I and III are not possible
II and IV are negative statements and they follows
So, only either I or II and III or IV follows

23. Identify the figure that completes the pattern.

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

24. Find the missing one: DF : EG :: EG : ?

Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, : DF : EG :: EG : ? , we can find that in the left part , the first alphabet (D) is shifted by 1 positions to the right and the second alphabet (F) is shifted by 2 positions to the right to form EG
Apply the same logic to the right half, by shifting E by 1 positions to the right we get F and by shifting G by 2 positions to the right we get H. Hence the right answer is FH

P, Q, R, S, T, V, W and Z are sitting around a circle facing at the center. R is fourth to the left of P who is second to the right of S. V is fourth to the right of S. Q is fourth to the left of W who is not an immediate neighbor of P or S. Z is not an immediate neighbor of R.

25. Find the odd man out ?

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

26. Find the missing one: RO : PM :: PM : ?

Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, RO : PM :: PM : ?, we can find that in the left part, the first alphabet (R) is shifted by 2 positions to the left and the second alphabet (O) is shifted by 2 positions to the left to form "PM".

Apply the same logic to the right half, by shifting "P" by 2 positions to the left we get "N" and by shifting "M" by 2 positions to the left we get "K". Hence the right answer is "NK"

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

27. Find the missing one: WY : XZ :: NP : ?

Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, : WY : XZ :: NP : ? , we can find that in the left part , the first alphabet (W) is shifted by 1 positions to the right and the second alphabet (Y) is shifted by 2 positions to the right to form XZ
Apply the same logic to the right half, by shifting N by 1 positions to the right we get O and by shifting P by 2 positions to the right we get Q. Hence the right answer is OQ

28. Who is the tallest among A, B, C, D and E?
1) C is taller than B but not as tall as E.
2) A is not the shortest.
3) A is taller than only D.

Explanation:

1) E>C>B
2) A is not the shortest
3) A>D (only D),
So from 1 and 3 we get that E is the tallest person

29. Statement: A > B > C and D >= E >= B

Conclusion I:  C = E
Conclusion II:  A > = E

Explanation:

Given Statement: A > B > C and D >= E >= B

Conclusion I: C = E (False)
=> From the given statement, E >= B > C
=> E > C
=> C < E

Conclusion II: A > = E(False)
=> From the given statement, A > B <= E.

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

30. Quarantined : Gang :: Radical : ?

Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Gang is the Antonym of Quarantined
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Inessential is the Antonym for Radical.

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