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Logical Reasoning Questions And Answers Sample Test 8


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Logical Reasoning Test 8


You have scored 3 out of 10
You Scored:2
Total Questions:2
Attended Questions:2
Correct Answered:2
Direction : Each of the following question consists of a statement followed by 2 arguments I and II.Give answer

a)if only argument I is strong
b)if only argument II is strong
c)if either I or II is strong
d)if neither I or II are strong
e)if both I and II follow

1. Statement : The Indian Railways has tied up with TCS to pilot Systems to conduct its recruitments exam online, as the country's largest employer looks to introduce transparency into its operation.

Argument:

I. Online examination will reduce corruption and bring transparency

II. Cheating in examination will be wiped out



Explanation:

If only 1 follow
Explanation :
Online examination will avoid forgery and reveal the real talents and accuracy of the candidates


2. Find the odd one out



Explanation:

All except Banyan are coniferous trees


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

3. Burlesque : Approval :: Apprehend : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Approval is the Antonym of Burlesque
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Liberate is the Antonym for Apprehend.


4. Find the odd one out



Explanation:

All except Cortes are currencies, while Cortes is a parliament.


5. Select a suitable figure from the four alternatives that would complete the figure matrix.





6. Statements: In a highly centralised power structure, in which even senior cabinet ministers are prepared to reduce themselves to pathetic countries or yesmen airing views that are primarily intended to anticipate or reflect the Prime Minister's own performances, there can be no place for any consensus that is quite different from real or contrived unanimity of opinion, expressed through a well orchestrated endorsement of the leader's actions.

Conclusions:
I. The Ministers play safe by not giving anti-government views.
II. The Prime Minister does not encourage his colleagues to render their own views.



Explanation:

According to the statement, even senior cabinet ministers are always ready to conform to the Prime Minister's views. So, I follows. However, II contradicts the given statement and so does not follow.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

7. Aphorism : Neglect :: Utopian : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Neglect is the Antonym of Aphorism
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Real is the Antonym for Utopian.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

8. Opportune : Timely :: Joy : ?



Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Timely is the synonym of Opportune
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Delight is the synonym for Joy.


Among the six persons P, Q, R, S, T and U each have different weight. U is heavier than 3 persons,
T is lighter than P. Q is lighter than only R. T is not the lightest. The second heaviest person is of 65 kg and the second lightest person is of 33 kg.

9. After arranging the person in ascending order of their weight find the person who comes immediately after T?



Explanation:

According to given data, the order of persons from heaviest to lightest is:
R > Q > U > P > T > S

and Weight of Q = 65 kg,
Weight of T = 33 kg

If the people are arranged in ascending of their weight, then the order becomes:
S, T, P, U, Q, R


Input: 51 pour 31 star new 23 47 home
Step 1 : 23 51 pour 31 star new 47 home
Step 2 : 23 star 51 pour 31 new 47 home
Step 3 : 23 star 31 51 pour new 47 home
Step 4 : 23 star 31 pour 51 new 47 home
Step 5 : 23 star 31 pour 47 51 new home
Step 6 : 23 star 31 pour 47 new 51 home

10. Step 3 of an input is : 36 window 45 96 86 ultra book queen
How many more steps will be required to complete the rearrangement?



Explanation:

Step 3: 36 window 45 96 86 ultra book queen
Step 4: 36 window 45 ultra 96 86 book queen
Step 5: 36 window 45 ultra 86 96 book queen
Step 6: 36 window 45 ultra 86 queen 96 book


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

11. Spider : spiderling :: Donkey : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, we can infer that in the left side an adult name and its baby name is given i.e. spiderling is baby of Spider
By Applying the same logic to the right side we can conclude that foal is the baby of Donkey.


Instructions:
A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement. 

Input: some found 19 other 99 27 came 45 

Step 1 : came some found 19 other 99 27 45 
Step 2 : came 99 some found 19 other 27 45 
Step 3 : came 99 found some 19 other 27 45 
Step 4 : came 99 found 45 some 19 other 27 
Step 5 : came 99 found 45 other some 19 27 
Step 6 : came 99 found 45 other 27 some 19 

Step 6 is the last step of the rearrangement of the above input. As per the rules followed in the above illustration, for the following questions, find the appropriate step for the given input.

12. Input: books all 25 57 67 greate new 39
    Which of the following will be step 4?



Explanation:

After careful analysis of the input and various steps of rearrangement, it is evident that in the first step one word is arranged and in the second step one number is arranged. These two steps are continued alternately till all the words get arranged in alphabetical orderand all the numbers get arranged in descending order.

Given, Input:books all 25 57 67 greate new 39
Step I:all books 25 57 67 greate new 39
Step II:all 67 books 25 57 greate new 39
Step III:all 67 books 57 25 greate new 39
Step IV:all 67 books 57 greate 25 new 39



In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

13. Peacocks : scream :: Tigers : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, we can infer that in the left side an animal and the sound it makes is given i.e. scream is sound made by Peacocks
By Applying the same logic to the right side we can conclude that roar is the sound made by Tigers.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

14. Likeness : Similarity :: Charlatan : ?



Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Similarity is the synonym of Likeness
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Con artist is the synonym for Charlatan.


Study the following information to answer the given questions:

A & B means A is neither greater than nor equal to B
A % B means A is neither smaller than nor greater than B
A * B means A is not greater B
A $ B means A is greater than B
A @ B means A is either greater than or equal to B

15. Statements:
B % A, A @ C, C * D

Conclusions:
1) D @ B
2) C * B



Explanation:

B=A?C?D
D?B =>FALSE
C?B =>TRUE


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

16. Abdicate : Continue :: Exquisite : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Continue is the Antonym of Abdicate
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Careless is the Antonym for Exquisite.


M, N, O, P , Q and R are six family members. Q is son of P, who is not the mother of Q. N is brother of P. R and P are a married couple. O is daughter of R, who is sister of M.
 

17. How many female members are there in the family ?



Explanation:

Sex of all the family members can’t be identified.


18. P,Q,R,S,T,U,V and W are sitting in a row facing North.

(i) P is fourth to the right of T
(ii) W is fourth to the left of S
(iii) R and U, which are not at the ends are neighbours of Q and T respectively.
(iv) W is immediate left of P and P is the neighbour of Q.

Who is in the third place?



Explanation:


V is in the third place


19. Find the letter in the 6th position when the alphabets are written in alphabetical order from the right



Explanation:

Z Y X W V U T S R Q P O N M L K J I H G F E D C B A


Study the given information and answer the following questions:

When a word and number arrangement machine is given an input line of words and numbers, it arranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement. (All the numbers are two-digit numbers.)

Input: 40 made butter 32 37 cookies salt extra 52 86 92 fell now 19

Step I: butter 19 40 made 23 37 cookies salt extra 52 86 92 fell now
Step II: cookies 23 butter 19 40 made 37 salt extra 52 86 92 fell now
Step III: extra 37 cookies 23 butter 19 40 made salt 52 86 92 fell now
Step IV: fell 40 extra 37 cookies 23 butter 19 made salt 52 86 92 now
Step V: made 52 fell 40 extra 37 cookies 23 butter 19 salt 86 92 now
Step VI: now 86 made 52 fell 40 extra 37 cookies 23 butter 19 salt 92
Step VII: salt 92 now 86 made 52 fell 40 extra 37 cookies 23 butter 19
Step VII is the last step of the above arrangement as the intended arrangement is obtained. As per the
rules followed in the given steps, find out the appropriate steps for the given input

20. Input: 32 proud girl beautiful 48 55 97 rich family 61 72 17 nice life.

What is the position of ‘nice’ from the left end in the final step?



Explanation:

From Input to Step I. The world that comes first in alphabetical order goes to the first position. The
smallest number goes to the second position. The rest of the line shifts rightward.
From Step I to Step II. The word that comes second in alphabetical order goes to the first position. The
second smallest number goes to the second position. The rest of the line shifts rightward.
This goes on until in the last step all the words are arranged in reverse alphabetical order and the
numbers are arranged in descending order from left to right.
Input: 32 proud girl beautiful 48 55 97 rich family 61 72 17 nice life.
Step I: beautiful 17 32 proud girl 48 55 97 rich family 61 72 nice life
Step II: family 32 beautiful 17 proud girl 48 55 97 rich 61 72 nice life
Step III: girl 48 family 32 beautiful 17 proud 55 97 rich 61 72 nice life
Step IV: life 55 girl 48 family 32 beautiful 17 proud 97 rich 61 72 nice
Step V: nice 61 life 55 girl 48 family 32 beautiful 17 pro


Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions:

X @ Y means X is wife of Y 
X © Y means X is sister of Y
X % Y means X is son of Y
X # Y means X is mother of Y
X $ Y means X is father of Y
 

21. What will come in the place of ? if A is maternal grandfather of B
E @ A $ C ? D © B





22. A told to B, “Yesterday I met the only daughter of my grandmother.” Whom did A meet?



Explanation:

He met his aunt, i.e. his father’s sister


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

23. Rhinoceros : bellow :: Parrots : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, we can infer that in the left side an animal and the sound it makes is given i.e. bellow is sound made by Rhinoceros
By Applying the same logic to the right side we can conclude that squawk is the sound made by Parrots.


24. Which of the following words would correctly decode the word ZHOFRPH if the simple alphabet shifting code is used ?



Explanation:

Clearly, the given code is obtained by moving each letter of the word WELCOME three steps forward.


In these questions symbols @, $, #, &, % are used with different meanings as follows.

P @ Q means P is neither smaller than nor equal to Q
P # Q means P is neither greater than nor equal to Q
P $ Q means P is neither greater nor smaller than Q
P % Q means P is not greater than Q
P & Q means P is not smaller than Q

In each of the following questions assuming the given statements to be true, find out which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is /are definitely true.

25. Statements: A @ B, B % C, C @ D

Conclusions:
I. D $ B
II. B @ D





26. Find the odd one out



Explanation:

All except Tulsidas are names of famous dramatists.


27. In a class of some students standing in a straight line , the position of Alex is 17th from left end and 33rd from right end. How many students are there in the class ?



Explanation:

Number of students in total will be = 17+33 - 1= 49


28. Find the odd one out



Explanation:

All others are synonyms.


29. Select a figure from amongst the Answer Figures which will continue the same series as established by the five





30.

Statement:  S = A ≥ Q, B < Q

Conclusions:
I.
S ≥ B
II. A > B




Explanation:

Statement: S = A ≥ Q, B < Q

Conclusions:
I.
S ≥ B --->False
II. A > B ---->True
Only Conclusion II follows.





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