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# Logical Reasoning Questions And Answers Sample Test 8

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## Logical Reasoning Test 8

You have scored 3 out of 10
You Scored:2
Total Questions:2
Attended Questions:2
In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

1. Find the missing one: ED : HG :: RQ : ?

Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, : ED : HG :: RQ : ? , we can find that in the left part , the first alphabet (E) is shifted by 3 positions to the right and the second alphabet (D) is shifted by 1 positions to the left to form HG
Apply the same logic to the right half, by shifting R by 3 positions to the right we get U and by shifting Q by 1 positions to the left we get T. Hence the right answer is UM

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

2. Whale : calf :: Toad : ?

Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, we can infer that in the left side an adult name and its baby name is given i.e. calf is baby of Whale
By Applying the same logic to the right side we can conclude that tadpole is the baby of Toad.

3. How many pages of the Book did Divya read on Sunday?

I. Divya read the last 50 pages of the book on Monday morning
II. The book has 300 pages out of which two-thirds were read by Divya before Sunday.

Explanation:

From I and II, we find that Divya read (300 x 2/3) i.e. 200 pages before Sunday and the last 50 pages on Monday.

This means that She read [300 - (200 + 50)] i.e. 50 pages on Sunday.

Therefore,data in both the statements I and II together are necessary to answer.

A family consists of six members P, Q, R, X, Y and Z. P and R are married couple.
Q is the son of R but R is not the mother of Q. Y is the brother of R. X is the daughter  of P. Z is the brother of P

4. How many female members are there in the family?

Explanation:

There are two female members in the family.

5.
Below question contains few statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.

Statements:
Some wins are trophies.
Some trophies are cups.
No cup is a prize.

Conclusion:
I. At least some cups are wins.
II. All prizes being trophies is a possibility.

Explanation:

The given conclusion I is not possible according to the given statement.
There is possibility for Conclusion II, so only conclusion II follows.

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

6. Quip : Retort :: Magnificient : ?

Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Retort is the synonym of Quip
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Splendid is the synonym for Magnificient.

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

7. Browbeat : Badger :: Blame : ?

Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Badger is the synonym of Browbeat
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Criticism is the synonym for Blame.

Total : 100 people
Dance only : 20
Music only : 23
Sports only : 10
Dance and Sports only : 9
Dance and Music only : 16
Sports and Music only : 14
Dance, Sports and Music : 5
None of these activities : 29

8. How many students particpate in Music and sports?

Explanation:

Solution is :
No. of students participated in Music and sports = 9 + 5 = 14

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

9. Find the missing one: GF : JI :: SR : ?

Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, : GF : JI :: SR : ? , we can find that in the left part , the first alphabet (G) is shifted by 3 positions to the right and the second alphabet (F) is shifted by 1 positions to the left to form JI
Apply the same logic to the right half, by shifting S by 3 positions to the right we get V and by shifting R by 1 positions to the left we get U. Hence the right answer is VN

10. The film director wants an actress for the lead role of Lucy who perfectly fits the description that appears in the original screenplay. He is not willing to consider actresses who do not resemble the character as she is described in the screenplay, no matter how talented they are. The screenplay describes Lucy as an average-sized, forty something redhead, with deep brown eyes, very fair skin, and a brilliant smile. The casting agent has four actresses in mind.

Actress #1 is a stunning red-haired beauty who is 5'9" and in her mid-twenties. Her eyes are brown and she has an olive complexion.

Actress #2 has red hair, big brown eyes, and a fair complexion. She is in her mid-forties and is 5'5".

Actress #3 is 5'4" and of medium build. She has red hair, brown eyes, and is in her early forties.

Actress #4 is a blue-eyed redhead in her early thirties. She's of very slight build and stands at 5'.

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

11. Cats : meow :: Giraffes : ?

Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, we can infer that in the left side an animal and the sound it makes is given i.e. meow is sound made by Cats
By Applying the same logic to the right side we can conclude that bleat is the sound made by Giraffes.

12. In a class of some students standing in a straight line , the position of Ben is is 31th from left end and 9th from right end. How many students are there in the class ?

Explanation:

Number of students in total will be = 31+9 - 1= 39

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

13. Impertinent : Polite :: Ulterior : ?

Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Polite is the Antonym of Impertinent
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Expressed is the Antonym for Ulterior.

14. If A is coded as +, B is coded as -, C is coded as * and D is coded as / then evaluate 3 A 4 B 5 C 7 D 5 C 2?

Explanation:

Given,A is coded as +,
B is coded as -,
C is coded as * and
D is coded as /

and the given expression:3 A 4 B 5 C 7 D 5 C 2
By using correct symbols, we get,
3 + 4 - 5 * 7 / 5 * 2
= - 7

Answer the questions based on the following data:

Among the six persons A,B,C,D,E and F each have different weight.
A is heavier than 3 persons, C is lighter than E.
D is lighter than only B.
C is not the lightest.
The second heaviest person is of 66 kg and the second lightest person is of 32 kg.

15. Who among the person weigh 66 kg?

Explanation:

According to given data, the order of persons from heaviest to lightest is:
B > D > A > E > C > F

and Weight of D = 66 kg,
Weight of C = 32 kg

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

16. Exculpate : Blame :: Abundant : ?

Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Blame is the Antonym of Exculpate
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Depleted is the Antonym for Abundant.

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

17. Acquiesce : Conform :: Scold : ?

Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Conform is the synonym of Acquiesce
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Chide is the synonym for Scold.

18. Statement: "Private property, trespassers will be prosecuted" - A notice on a plot of land.

Assumptions:
I. The passerby may read the notice and may not trespass.
II. The people are scared of prosecution.

Explanation:

Any notice is displayed assuming that people will read the notice and also follow the content of the notice. So, I is implicit. Besides, the notice threatens any trespassers to be prosecuted. So, II is also implicit.

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

19. Find the missing one: JL : KM :: QS : ?

Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, : JL : KM :: QS : ?, we can find that in the left part, the first alphabet (J) is shifted by 1 position to the right and the second alphabet (L) is shifted by 1 position to the right to form "KM".

Apply the same logic to the right half, by shifting Q by 1 positions to the right we get "R" and by shifting S by 1 position to the right we get "T". Hence the right answer is RT

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

20. Elephant : calf :: Horse : ?

Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, we can infer that in the left side an adult name and its baby name is given i.e. calf is baby of Elephant
By Applying the same logic to the right side we can conclude that foal is the baby of Horse.

21. Identify the figure that completes the pattern.

22. Choose the alternative which is closely resembles the mirror image of the given combination.

23. If Kiran says, “Rocky's mother is the only daughter of my mother”, How is Kiran related to Rocky?

Explanation:

Daughter of Kiran’s mother – Kiran’s Sister. So Kiran is an Uncle of Rocky.

24. - bc - - b - aabc

Explanation:

The series is abc/cab/bca/abc. The letters are in cyclic order
acac is missing sequence.

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

25. Find the missing one: GF : JI :: FE : ?

Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, : GF : JI :: FE : ? , we can find that in the left part , the first alphabet (G) is shifted by 3 positions to the right and the second alphabet (F) is shifted by 1 positions to the left to form JI
Apply the same logic to the right half, by shifting F by 3 positions to the right we get I and by shifting E by 1 positions to the left we get H. Hence the right answer is IA

Direction: Study the following arrangement carefully and answer the question given below:

H B 8 \$ W E 7 * 5 C © Z 2 Q A @ 6 T # 3 J 1 F K 9 I % D 4 P

26. Which of the following will be 8th to the right of the 15th element from the left end?

Explanation:

Given
8th to the right of the 15th element from the left end
= (15 + 8)
= 23rd element from left which is F.

27. Statement: The Union Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation has fixed an annual target of Rs 10,000 crores by way of tourism earnings towards the end of the current decade.

Courses of Action:
I. There is no need of development of further new tourist spots to meet the target.
II. The Ministry should evolve attractive packages to woo the foreign tourists to meet the target.

Explanation:

Such a high target can be achieved only by a drastic increase in the number of tourists. The tourists can be attracted only by developing spots worth seeing and providing attractive packages which seem to be a good value-for-money offer to foreign tourists. So, only II follows.

28. Among P, Q, R, S and T each having a different height, Q is shorter than only T and S is shorter than P and Q. Who among them is the shortest?

Explanation:

According to height T > (P, Q) > (S, R) So from question, it is not clear that which one is shorter S or R. So the given data is insufficient

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

29. Urge : Disgust :: Exterminate : ?

Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Disgust is the Antonym of Urge
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Create is the Antonym for Exterminate.

P, Q, R, S, T, V, W and Z are sitting around a circle facing at the center. R is fourth to the left of P who is second to the right of S. V is fourth to the right of S. Q is fourth to the left of W who is not an immediate neighbor of P or S. Z is not an immediate neighbor of R.

30. Who is to the immediate right of V?

Explanation:

"W"is to the immediate right of V.

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