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Logical Reasoning Questions And Answers Sample Test 6


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Logical Reasoning Test 6


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Six friends A, B, C, D, E and F are sitting around the hexagonal table each at one corner.
A is second to the left of F.
B is the neighbour of C and D.
E is second to the left of D.

1. Find the third person to the right of F ? 



Explanation:


Solution is
Third person to the right of F is C


2. Find the number of triangles in the given figure:





In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

3. Bees : hum and buzz :: Larks : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, we can infer that in the left side an animal and the sound it makes is given i.e. hum and buzz is sound made by Bees
By Applying the same logic to the right side we can conclude that warble is the sound made by Larks.


4. Among M, N, O ,P and Q each securing different marks in an examination, whose position is last among them.

I.P has secured less marks than only O and Q
II.N has secured more marks than M



Explanation:

O, Q>P>N>M


In a class of 100 students, some students participate in sports, dance and music.
Dance : 40 people
Sports : 28 people
Music : 48 people
Dance and Musics : 16 people
Music and Sports : 14 people
Sports and Dance : 9 people
All activities : 5 people
With the given information answer the following questions :

5. How many students did not take part in any of these activities ?



Explanation:

Solution is

Students did not take part in any of these activities = 100 - (10+4+20+9+5+11+23)
= 100 - 82 = 18


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

6. Ulterior : Expressed :: Radiant : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Expressed is the Antonym of Ulterior
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Dull is the Antonym for Radiant.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

7. Bigoted : Biased :: Ingenuous : ?



Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Biased is the synonym of Bigoted
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Artless is the synonym for Ingenuous.


8. Statement: "If you are a mechanical engineer, we want you as our supervisor." - An advertisement by Company X.

Assumptions:
I. Mechanical engineers are expected to be better performers by Company X.
II. The Company X needs supervisors.
III. Mechanical engineers may get attracted and apply to Company X.



Explanation:

Clearly, the company lends more importance to mechanical engineers. This shows that they are believed to perform better. So, I is implicit. Also, the advertisement is given because the company needs supervisors. So, II is implicit. Further, the advertisement is meant to attract only mechanical engineers for the vacancy in company X. Hence, III is also implicit.


Based on the given details answer the following questions:

Charlie lives in the topmost floor. There is exactly one person between Ben and Annie. There are exactly two people between Feroz and David. Annie and Elly live on successive floors. Gina lives between Charlie and Feroz.
 

9. How many people live between David and Charlie?



Explanation:

The correct arrangement is:
7th Floor - Charlie
6th Floor - Gina
5th Floor - Feroz
4th Floor - Elly
3rd Floor - Annie
2nd Floor - David
1st Floor - Ben

Fourpeople live between David and Charlie.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

10. Precocious : Premature :: Questionable : ?



Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Premature is the synonym of Precocious
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Doubtful is the synonym for Questionable.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

11. Urge : Appetite :: Jubilant : ?



Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Appetite is the synonym of Urge
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Elated is the synonym for Jubilant.


12. Y, B, T, G, O, ?



Explanation:

The sequence consists of two series (Y, T, O) and (B, G, ?). The first series consists of 2nd, 7th and 12th letters from the end of English alphabet. The second series consists of 2nd, 7th and 12th letters from the beginning of English alphabet.


13. Statement: The civic authority has advised the residents in the area to use mosquito repellents or sleep inside nets as large number of people are suffering from malaria.

Assumptions:
I. Local residents have enough money to arrange for the repellents or nets.
II. People may ignore and continue to get mosquito bites as they have other pressing needs.



Explanation:

The civic authority has advised residents to keep away from mosquitoes to avert the risk of malaria. Such an advice would surely be adhered to by the people. So, II is not implicit. Besides, it has been advised to use mosquito repellents or nets. This means that people can afford to buy the same. So, I is implicit.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

14. Elephants : trumpet :: Humans : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, we can infer that in the left side an animal and the sound it makes is given i.e. trumpet is sound made by Elephants
By Applying the same logic to the right side we can conclude that talk is the sound made by Humans.


15. Statements: Company X has marketed the product. Go ahead; purchase it if price and quality are your considerations.

Conclusions:
I. The product must be good in quality.
II. The price of the product must be reasonable.



Explanation:

It is mentioned in the statement that one who considers price and quality before buying a product should buy the product of company X. So, both I and II follow.


Read the following information and answer the following question:

‘A $ B’ means ‘A is mother of B’
‘A # B’ means ‘A is father of B’
‘A @ B’ means ‘A is husband of B’
‘A % B’ means ‘A is daughter of B’
 

16. L @ H $ J # T indicates what relationship of L with T?



Explanation:

L is husband of H, H is mother of J, so L is father of J. Now J is father of T, so L is paternal grandfather of T


17. Statements: A bird in hand is worth two in the bush.

Conclusions:
I. We should be content with what we have.
II. We should not crave for what is not.



Explanation:

Both the given conclusions clearly bring out the central theme of the proverb given in the statement. So, both I and II follow.


18.
Below question contains few statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.

Statements:
Some wins are trophies.
Some trophies are cups.
No cup is a prize.
 
Conclusion:
I. At least some cups are wins.
II. All prizes being trophies is a possibility.



Explanation:


The given conclusion I is not possible according to the given statement.
There is possibility for Conclusion II, so only conclusion II follows.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

19. Wistful : Cheerful :: Remote : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Cheerful is the Antonym of Wistful
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Close is the Antonym for Remote.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

20. Astonish : Clear up :: Blame : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Clear up is the Antonym of Astonish
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Acquittal is the Antonym for Blame.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

21. Picturesque : Dreary :: Crafty : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Dreary is the Antonym of Picturesque
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Foolish is the Antonym for Crafty.


813 479 564 358

22. If the 1st and 3rd digits are interchanged, which number will be of maximum value ?  



Explanation:

Given numbers 813 479 564 358 1ST and 3rd digits repl. 318 974 465 953


23. Statements: Population increase coupled with depleting resources is going to be the scenario of many developing countries in days to come.

Conclusions:
I. The population of developing countries will not continue to increase in future.
II. It will be very difficult for the governments of developing countries to provide its people decent quality of life.



Explanation:

The fact given in I is quite contrary to the given statement. So, I does not follow. II mentions the direct implications of the state discussed in the statement. Thus, II follows.


24. Statement: Footpaths of a busy road are crowded with vendors selling cheap items.

Courses of Action:
I. The help of police should be sought to drive them away.
II. Some space should be provided to them where they can earn their bread without blocking footpaths.



Explanation:

Crowding on footpaths is a great inconvenience for walkers. So, stern action needs to be taken to remove the vendors. But at the same time these people ought to be provided alternative means of livelihood. So, both the courses follow.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

25. Find the missing one: VU : YX :: WV : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, : VU : YX :: WV : ? , we can find that in the left part , the first alphabet (V) is shifted by 3 positions to the right and the second alphabet (U) is shifted by 1 positions to the left to form YX
Apply the same logic to the right half, by shifting W by 3 positions to the right we get Z and by shifting V by 1 positions to the left we get Y. Hence the right answer is ZR


26. What is the missing number in the hexagon ?





In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

27. Horse : foal :: Butterfly : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, we can infer that in the left side an adult name and its baby name is given i.e. foal is baby of Horse
By Applying the same logic to the right side we can conclude that caterpillar is the baby of Butterfly.


Directions :-
‘P $ Q’ means ‘P is not smaller than Q’
‘P @ Q’ means ‘P is neither smaller than nor equal to Q’
‘P # Q’ means ‘P is neither greater than nor equal to Q’
‘P & Q’ means ‘P is neither greater than nor smaller than Q’
‘P * Q’ means ‘P is not greater than Q’

28. Statements:
N & B, B $ W, W # H, H * M
Conclusions:
I.M @ W
II.H @ N
III.W & N
IV.W # N





A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are sitting around circle and are facing the center.
a. A is second to the right of E who is neighbor of C and G
b. D is not neighbor of A
c. G is neighbor of F
d. D is between H and F
Answer the following questions based on this given data.
 

29. Find the person who sits immediate right of D ? 



Explanation:

Fsits immediate right of D


30. If A is coded as -, B is coded as +, C is coded as * and D is coded as / then evaluate 8 A 1 B 1 C 36 D 5 C 3 ? 







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