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Logical Reasoning Questions And Answers Sample Test 5


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Logical Reasoning Test 5


You have scored 3 out of 10
You Scored:2
Total Questions:2
Attended Questions:2
Correct Answered:2
1. Find the odd one out



Explanation:

All others are parts of experiment.


2. Statement: Large number of people have become critically ill after consuming spurious liquor from a local shop.

Courses of Action:
I. The Government should immediately close down all the shops selling liquor till the stocks are tested for presence of toxicity.
II. The owner of the liquor shop should be asked to leave the town and open a shop elsewhere.
III. The owner of the liquor shop should immediately be arrested and tried for criminal negligence.



Explanation:

Clearly, the owner of the shop should be punished for selling spurious liquor. Further, attempts should be made to unearth other such unscrupulous liquor sellers by conducting raids and testing samples collected from different shops. So, both II and III follow. However, sending the liquor shop owner to another place may create a problem elsewhere also. So, II does not follow.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

3. Aberration : Normality :: Decay : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Normality is the Antonym of Aberration
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Development is the Antonym for Decay.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

4. Cruelty : Tyranny :: Absurd : ?



Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Tyranny is the synonym of Cruelty
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Ridiculous is the synonym for Absurd.


5. How is D related to A



Explanation:

Clearly, D’s father is the brother of CS father and Cs father is A’s uncle. So, D’s father is also A’s uncle. Thus, D is A’s cousin.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

6. Butterfly : caterpillar :: Mole : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, we can infer that in the left side an adult name and its baby name is given i.e. caterpillar is baby of Butterfly
By Applying the same logic to the right side we can conclude that pup is the baby of Mole.


Read the following information and answer the following question:

A – B means A is wife of B
A ÷ B means A is mother of B
A + B means A is son of B
A × B means A is brother of B
 

7. What does X+Y-Z mean ?



Explanation:

X is son of Y ; Y is wife of Z


8. Rita told Mani, "The girl I met yesterday at the beach was the youngest brother of the brother-in-law of my friend's mother." How is the girl related to Rita's friend?



Explanation:

Daughter of brother-in-law - Niece; Mother's niece - Cousin.
So, the girl is the cousin of Rita's friend.


Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below. A number arrangement machine when given an input of words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step.

The following is an illustration of input and steps of rearrangement.

Input: above has worked but as Marketing officer

Step I: above as has worked but Marketing officer
Step II: above as but has worked Marketing officer
Step III: above as but has Marketing worked officer
Step IV: above as but has Marketing officer worked
This is the final arrangement and step IV is the last step for this input.

9. Which of the following is step III of given input?
Input: who assembled and saw tiny living things



Explanation:

After careful analysis of the input and various steps of rearrangement, it is evident that in the first step one word is arranged according to alpahabetical order. This step is continued till all the words get arranged in alphabetical order.

Input: who assembled and saw tiny living things
Step I: and who assembled saw tiny living things
Step II: and assembled who saw tiny living things
Step III: and assembled living who saw tiny things


Input: 51 pour 31 star new 23 47 home
Step 1 : 23 51 pour 31 star new 47 home
Step 2 : 23 star 51 pour 31 new 47 home
Step 3 : 23 star 31 51 pour new 47 home
Step 4 : 23 star 31 pour 51 new 47 home
Step 5 : 23 star 31 pour 47 51 new home
Step 6 : 23 star 31 pour 47 new 51 home

10. Step 2 of an input is : 17 victory 19 37 58 store like town
which of the following will be step 3?



Explanation:

Step 2: 17 victory 19 37 58 store like town
Step 3: 17 victory 19 town 37 58 store like
Step 4: 17 victory 19 town 37 store 58 like
Step 4 is the last step.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

11. Bedlam : Harmony :: Qualm : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Harmony is the Antonym of Bedlam
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Calm is the Antonym for Qualm.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

12. Find the missing one: GI : HJ :: OQ : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, : GI : HJ :: OQ : ? , we can find that in the left part , the first alphabet (G) is shifted by 1 positions to the right and the second alphabet (I) is shifted by 2 positions to the right to form HJ
Apply the same logic to the right half, by shifting O by 1 positions to the right we get P and by shifting Q by 2 positions to the right we get R. Hence the right answer is PR


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

13. Tiger : cub :: Dinosaur : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, we can infer that in the left side an adult name and its baby name is given i.e. cub is baby of Tiger
By Applying the same logic to the right side we can conclude that hatchling / juvenile is the baby of Dinosaur.


14. Find the letter in the 8th position when the alphabets are written in alphabetical order from the right



Explanation:

Z Y X W V U T S R Q P O N M L K J I H G F E D C B A


15. Directions-
P © Q means P is not smaller than Q
P % Q means P is not greater than Q
P # Q means P is neither smaller than nor equal to Q 
P @ Q means P is neither greater than nor smaller than Q
P $ Q means P is neither greater than nor equal to Q

From the conditions given below, choose the correct option.
R # D and D © K, K $ M. 

Statement I. M # R
Statement II. K $ R



Explanation:

Given,
© ---≥
% --- ≤
# --- >
@ --- =
$ --- <

R # D and D © K, K $ M.
=> R > D≥ K < M

Statement I . M # R ---> M > R (False)
Statement II. K $ R ---> K < R (True)
Thus, only conclusion II is true.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

16. Constant : Broken :: Abhor : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Broken is the Antonym of Constant
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Admire is the Antonym for Abhor.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

17. Chicken : chick :: Pig : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, we can infer that in the left side an adult name and its baby name is given i.e. chick is baby of Chicken
By Applying the same logic to the right side we can conclude that piglet is the baby of Pig.


18. If A is coded as +, B is coded as -, C is coded as * and D is coded as / then evaluate 8 A 3 B 2 C 24 D 4 C 3? 



Explanation:

Given,A is coded as +,
B is coded as -,
C is coded as * and
D is coded as /

and the given expression:8 A 3 B 2 C 24 D 4 C 3
By using correct symbols, we get,
8 + 3 - 2 * 24 / 4 * 3
= - 25


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

19. Charlatan : Honest :: Quaint : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Honest is the Antonym of Charlatan
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Common is the Antonym for Quaint.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

20. Penalize : Aid :: Philanthropist : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Aid is the Antonym of Penalize
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Opponent is the Antonym for Philanthropist.


21. Look at this series: 21, 9, 21, 11, 21, 13, 21, ... What number should come next ?



Explanation:

In this alternating repetition series, the random number 21 is interpolated every other number into an otherwise simple addition series that increases by 2, beginning with the number 9.


Direction: Study the following arrangement carefully and answer the question given below :

W 1 R % 4 J E # 7 M T 2 I 9 B H 3 A $ 9 F Q 5 D G 6 U S P

22. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way on the basis of above arrangement and hence form a group. Which one does not belong to that group ?



Explanation:

The odd one is "9 Q A"

In the other options,
Second element = 'First element - 2' positions in the given series
Third element = 'First element + 2' positions in the given series

This pattern is mismatched in the Option "9 Q A", so this is the odd one.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

23. Vehemence : Calm :: Quest : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Calm is the Antonym of Vehemence
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Retreat is the Antonym for Quest.


24. When Anuj saw Manish, he recalled, "He is the son of the father of my daughter." Who is Manish ?



Explanation:

Anuj's daughter's mother -- Anuj's wife;
Anuj's wife's father -- Anuj's father-in-law;
Father-in-law's son -- Anuj's brother-in-law.
So, Manish is Anuj's brother-in-law.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

25. Thrive : Cease :: Picturesque : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Cease is the Antonym of Thrive
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Dreary is the Antonym for Picturesque.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

26. Bait : Discouragement :: Intimate : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Discouragement is the Antonym of Bait
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Unfriendly is the Antonym for Intimate.


27. In a class of some students standing in a straight line , the position of David is 31st from left end and 21st from right end. How many students are there in the class ?



Explanation:

Number of students in total will be = 31+21 - 1= 51


P, Q, R, S, T, U, V and W are sitting round the circle and are facing the centre:
P is second to the right of T who is the neighbour of R and V.
S is not the neighbour of P.
V is the neighbour of U.
Q is not between S and W. W is not between U and S.
U is the right of S.

28. Which one is immediate right to the V ?



Explanation:

Solution is
Immediate right to the V isT


29. A, B, C, D, E, F and G are members of a family consisting of four adults and three children, two of whom, F and G are girls. A and D are brothers and A is a doctor. E is an engineer married to one of the brothers and has two children. B is married to D and G is their child. Who is C?



Explanation:

E is married to A or D. But B is married to D. Thus, E is married to A. Thus, A, B, D, E are the four adults and C, F, G are the three children in the family. B and D have a child G. A and E have two children. They are C and F. Now, only F and G are girls. So, C is a boy. Thus, C is A's or E's son.


Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions:

Seven people P, Q, R, S, T, W and X are sitting in a straight line facing North, not necessarily in the same order. R sits at one of the extreme ends of the line. T has as many people sitting on his right, as on his left. S sits third to the left of X. Q sits on the immediate left of W. Q does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line.
 

30. If all the people are made to sit in alphabetical order from right to left, the positions of how many people will remain unchanged?



Explanation:


Thus, position of one person(Q) remains unchanged.




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