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# Logical Reasoning Questions And Answers Sample Test 4

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## Logical Reasoning Test 4

You have scored 3 out of 10
You Scored:2
Total Questions:2
Attended Questions:2
1. Rita told Mani, "The girl I met yesterday at the beach was the youngest brother of the brother-in-law of my friend's mother." How is the girl related to Rita's friend?

Explanation:

Daughter of brother-in-law - Niece; Mother's niece - Cousin.
So, the girl is the cousin of Rita's friend.

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

2. Base : Ignoble :: Bedlam : ?

Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Ignoble is the synonym of Base
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Chaos is the synonym for Bedlam.

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

3. Humane : Aloof :: Vilify : ?

Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Aloof is the Antonym of Humane
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Laud is the Antonym for Vilify.

4. Based on the given statement and few conclusions, choose the right statement which gives the correct conclusions.

Statements:
Some apples are oranges.
All oranges are grapes.
Some grapes are lichis.
No pine is orange

Conclusions:
I. All pines being grapes is a possibility
II. All apples being pines is a possibility
III. No orange is lichi.

Explanation:

According to the given statements, only Conclusion I follows.

5. Statement: A large number of students are reported to be dropping out of school in villages as their parents want their children to help them in farms.

Courses of Action:
I. The government should immediately launch a programme to create awareness among the farmers about the value of education.
II. The government should offer incentives to those farmers whose children remain in schools.
III. Education should be made compulsory for all children up to the age of 14 and their employment banned.

Explanation:

Literacy at basic level is the utmost need to prepare good future citizens. So, all children need to be educated. This can be achieved by creating awareness, providing incentives, enforcing education and banning employment of children. Thus, all the three courses follow.

6. Find out how will the key figure (X) look like after rotation.

Eight friends A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are sitting in circular arrangements. E is fourth to the right of B. A is to the third right of E. D is between A and F. C is fourth to the left of A. H is between G and C.

7. Who is seated immediately next to A ?

Explanation:

B is seated next to A .

Two statements I and II are given. These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or a common cause. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statements. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choice correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.

8. Statements:

I. The university authority has instructed all the colleges under its jurisdiction to ban use of cell phones inside the college premises.

II. Majority of the teachers of the college signed a joint petition to the university complaining the disturbances caused by cell phone ring tones inside the classrooms.

Explanation:

Since the teachers of the colleges complained to the university about the disturbances caused by cell phone ring-tones inside the classrooms, the university authority has instructed all the colleges under its jurisdiction to ban use of cell phones inside the college premises.

9. Statements: Recent trends also indicate that the number of child migrants in large cities is increasing. These children leave their families to join the ranks of urban poor doing odd jobs in markets, workshops, hotels or in service sectors.

Conclusions:
I. Migration to big cities should be checked.
II. The plight of poor children should be thoroughly studied.

Explanation:

The statement mentions the problem of increased migration of children to cities. But the ways to deal with the problem cannot be deduced from it. So, neither I nor II follows.

Study the following information to answer the given questions:

‘A @ B’ means A is not smaller than B
‘A # B’ means A is neither smaller than nor equal to B
‘A % B’ means A is neither smaller than nor greater than B
‘A \$ B’ means A is not greater than B
‘A * B’ means A is neither greater than nor equal to B

10. Statements:
P * Q, Q # K, K \$ J, J % T

Conclusions:
1) T @ K
2) P # K

Explanation:

PK<=J=T (First conclusion directly follows while for second conclusion we can’t say anything)

Answer the following questions based on the given data.

Among the six persons A,B,C,D,E and F each have different weight.C is lighter than only A. D is heavier than 3 persons, E is lighter than F. The second heaviest person is of 74 kg and the second lightest person is of 41 kg. E is not the lightest.

11. After arranging the person in ascending order of their weight find the person who comes immediately after E.

Explanation:

According to given data, the order of persons from heaviest to lightest is:
A > C > D > F > E > B

and Weight of C = 74 kg,
Weight of E = 41 kg

If the people are arranged in ascending of their weight, then the order becomes:
B, E, F, D, C , A

Study the following information to answer the given questions.

A word arrangement machine when given an input line of words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of the input and the steps of rearrangement.

Input : going but for crept te light sir

Step I : crept going but for te light sir
Step II: crept going light but for te sir
Step III: crept going light but for sir te
(Step III is the last step for this input)
As per the rules followed in the above steps,
find out in the given questions the appropriate step
for the given input.

12. Which of the following steps would read as
'not you only say wise yet are' for the input
'say not you are only wise yet'?

Explanation:

Here the rule followed is:
In each step the fourth word becomes first
word and the last word becomes fourth
word and all other words shift one place
rightwards except the third, which shifts two
place rightwards.
In order to make things easier, let us represent
the words digitally from 1 to 7. Then
we have: .
Input : 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Step I : 4 1 2 7 3 5 6
Step II : 7 4 1 6 2 3 5
Step III: 6 7 4 5 1 2 3
Step IV : 5 6 7 3 4 1
2
StepV : 3 5 6 2 7 4 1
Step VI : 2 3 5 1 6 7
4
[Note: We have gone up to step VI because
one of the questions (Q. 171) demands
that.]

Among the six persons P, Q, R, S, T and U each have different weight. U is heavier than 3 persons,
T is lighter than P. Q is lighter than only R. T is not the lightest. The second heaviest person is of 65 kg and the second lightest person is of 33 kg.

13. After arranging the person in ascending order of their weight find the person in second position?

Explanation:

According to given data, the order of persons from heaviest to lightest is:
R > Q > U > P > T > S

and Weight of Q = 65 kg,
Weight of T = 33 kg

If the people are arranged in ascending of their weight, then the order becomes:
S, T, P, U, Q, R

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

14. Seals : bark :: Hens : ?

Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, we can infer that in the left side an animal and the sound it makes is given i.e. bark is sound made by Seals
By Applying the same logic to the right side we can conclude that cluck is the sound made by Hens.

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

15. Cajole : Deceive :: Notorious : ?

Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Deceive is the synonym of Cajole
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Infamous is the synonym for Notorious.

Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below

A + B means A is brother of B
A - B  means A is father of B
A * B  means A is uncle of B
A / B  means A is sister of B

16. From the given expression P - Q + R / S which of the following is true?

Explanation:

Given, '+' ---> Brother
'-' ---> Father
'*' ---> Uncle
'/' ---> Sister

From the given expression P - Q + R / S
P is the father of Q, who is the brother of R, who is the sister of S.

So, among the given options, the correct one is "P is the father of S".

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

17. Larks : warble :: Dolphins : ?

Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, we can infer that in the left side an animal and the sound it makes is given i.e. warble is sound made by Larks
By Applying the same logic to the right side we can conclude that click is the sound made by Dolphins.

In the following questions,the symbols \$,#,@,% and * are illustrate the following meanings.
P\$Q – P is not smaller than Q
P#Q – P is neither greater than nor equal to Q.
P@Q – P is neither smaller than nor equal to Q.
P%Q – P is not greater than Q
P*Q – P is neither greater than nor smaller than Q.

18. Statement: A*B , B@C , C\$D , D#E

Conclusions: I. A @ D II. D * A III. E @ C

Explanation:

I only

A, B, C, D, E, and F are sitting around a circular table facing the center. D is between C and F; B is to the left of A; B is diagonally opposite to D; and E is between C and B.

19. How many people are seated between E and A if counted clockwise?

Explanation:

According to the given data, the correct seating arrangement around a circular tableis:

Hence, Three people (ie., C, D, F) areseated between E and A if counted clockwise.

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

20. Horses : neigh :: Cats : ?

Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, we can infer that in the left side an animal and the sound it makes is given i.e. neigh is sound made by Horses
By Applying the same logic to the right side we can conclude that meow is the sound made by Cats.

Direction : Each of the following question consists of a statement followed by 2 arguments I and II.Give answer

a)if only argument I is strong
b)if only argument II is strong
c)if either I or II is strong
d)if neither I or II are strong
e)if both I and II follow

21. Statement : Three persons were caught with huge arms and ammunition in the city

Arguments:

I . The police should be instructed for night patrolling

II. The three persons should be set free and their movements should be carefully watched to nab the other criminals

Explanation:

if neither I or II are strong

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

22. Ephemeral : Transient :: Utopian : ?

Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Transient is the synonym of Ephemeral
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Idealistic is the synonym for Utopian.

23. One evening before sunset Rekha and Hema were talking to each other face to face. If Hema's shadow was exactly to the right of Hema, which direction was Rekha facing?

Explanation:

Solution is :
In the evening sun sets in West. Hence then any shadow falls in the East.
Since Hema's shadow was to the right of Hema
Hence Rekha was facing towards South

Six friends are sitting in a circle and are facing the centre of the circle. Deepa is between Prakash and Pankaj. Priti is between Mukesh and Lalit. Prakash and Mukesh are opposite to each other. Prakash is at the right of Deepa.

24. Who are the neighbours of Mukesh ?

Explanation:

Hence, Priti and Pankaj are the neighbours of Mukesh.

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

25. Veracity : Truth :: Condign : ?

Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Truth is the synonym of Veracity
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Deserved is the synonym for Condign.

Direction: Study the following arrangement carefully and answer the question given below:

F 8 E 7 S 9 A Q 2 K M Z \$ 6 % * V L 8 @ W 4 B 3 5 # U C

26. Which of the following is seventh to the right of the twenty-first from the right end of the above arrangement?

Explanation:

Seventh to the right of the twenty-first from the right end = (21 - 7) = 14th from the right end

Now, the 14th element from the right end of the given series is "%".

27. ATTRIBUTION, TTRIBUTIO, RIBUTIO, IBUTI, ?

Explanation:

At each step, 1, 2, 3, ... letters are removed from the beginning and in the end alternatively.
B T U is a missing sequence.

28. A, I, P, V, A, E, ?

Explanation:

The letters move 8, 7, 6, 5... steps forward.

In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

29. Haughty : Arrogant :: Acclaim : ?

Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Arrogant is the synonym of Haughty
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Applause is the synonym for Acclaim.

Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions:

i) Akram, Bakhtawar, Changez, Dayud, Ekam, Farah, Gulrej and Humayun are seated in straight line facing north.
ii) Changez sits fourth to the left of Gulrej. Dayud sits second to right of Gulrej.
iii) Only two people sit between Dayud and Akram. Bakhtawar and Farah sits adjacent to each other.
iv) Humayun is not an immediate neighbor of Dayud.

30. How many persons are seated between Akram and Ekam?

Explanation:

Number ofpersons seated between Akram and Ekam = One (i.e., Gulrej)

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