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Logical Reasoning Questions And Answers Sample Test 3


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Logical Reasoning Test 3


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Study the following information to answer the given questions:

In a certain code, 'always create new ideas‘ is written as ‘ba ri sha gi‘ , 'ideas and new thoughts‘ is written as 'fa gi ma ri‘, 'create thoughts and insights‘ is written as 'ma jo ba fa‘, and 'new and better solutions‘ is written as 'ki ri to fa‘.
 

1. What is the code for 'new'? 



Explanation:

Given,
I) 'always create new ideas'--- 'ba ri sha gi'
II)'ideas and new thoughts'--- 'fa gi ma ri'
III)'create thoughts and insights'--- 'ma jo ba fa'
IV) 'new and better solutions'---'ki ri to fa'
Common Word Common Code
From I, II and IV new ri
From I, III create ba
From I, II ideas gi
From II, III and IV and fa
From II, III thoughts ma








Thus, the remaining words and their corresponding codes are:
always --- sha
insights--- jo
better / solutions-- ki / to


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

2. Immaterial : Unimportant :: Decay : ?



Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Unimportant is the synonym of Immaterial
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Wither is the synonym for Decay.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

3. Quarantined : Gang :: Statute : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Gang is the Antonym of Quarantined
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Lawlessness is the Antonym for Statute.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

4. Poignant : Touching :: Relevant : ?



Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Touching is the synonym of Poignant
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Execute is the synonym for Relevant.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

5. Vilify : Malign :: Condign : ?



Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Malign is the synonym of Vilify
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Deserved is the synonym for Condign.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

6. Colossal : Enormous :: Veto : ?



Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Enormous is the synonym of Colossal
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Reject is the synonym for Veto.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

7. Vehemence : Force :: Abet : ?



Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Force is the synonym of Vehemence
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Aid is the synonym for Abet.


8. Select a figure from amongst the Answer Figures which will continue the same series as established by the five figure





Direction: Study the following arrangement carefully and answer the question given below:

U 9 P I % 1 8 R 4 $ M E 7 Q W 3 δ Z 5 T # A 2 J

9. Which of the following is eleventh to the right of the nineteenth element from the right end? 



Explanation:

Eleventh to the right of the nineteenth element from the right = (19 - 11)th element from the right = 8th from the right, i.e. Δ.


Read the following information carefully to answer the following question:

‘P # Q’ means ‘P is the daughter of Q’
‘P © Q’ means ‘Q is the brother of P’
‘P = Q’ means ‘Q is the sister of P’
‘P & Q’ means ‘P is the son of Q’
‘P * Q’ means ‘P is the father of Q’
‘P @ Q’ means ‘P is the mother of Q’
 

10. Which of the following can be the correct conclusion drawn from the expression
‘L = M # N © P * Q’? 



Explanation:

None of the expression explains‘L = M # N © P * Q
So,None of these is correct answer.


Eight friends A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are sitting in circular arrangements. E is fourth to the right of B. A is to the third right of E. D is between A and F. C is fourth to the left of A. H is between G and C.

11. C is sitting between ?



Explanation:


C is seated between H and E.


12.

Statements: Fashion is a form of ugliness so intolerable that we have to alter it every six months.

Conclusions:
I.  Fashion designers do not understand the public mind very well.
II. The public by and large is highly susceptible to novelty.






A “grammar” teacher instructs her students with the following inputs for re statement as per given rules:

Input: Cigarette smoking is injurious to health.

Rule 1—Smoking of cigarette is injurious to health
Rule 2—Cigarette when smoked injurious health
Rule 3—Health is injured due to smoking
Rule 4—Smoking in any form is injurious to health

13. Rule 4 on an input is “coachings in any form are beneficial
for the students”; what would be Rule 1 for the input?



Explanation:

Rule 4. Coaching in any form are beneficial for the students.
Rule 1. Taking of coachings is beneficial to the students.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

14. Quirk : Normality :: Wistful : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Normality is the Antonym of Quirk
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Cheerful is the Antonym for Wistful.


15. Ann walks 4 miles in the direction of west then he turns to his right and walks further 3 miles, how far is he exactly from the starting point (in miles) ?



Explanation:

Ann is exactly 5 miles away from the starting point


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

16. Abject : Commendable :: Lament : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Commendable is the Antonym of Abject
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Relieve is the Antonym for Lament.


17. Each question presents a situation and asks you to make a judgment regarding that particular circumstance. Choose an answer based on given information.

Mrs. Carson took a taxi to meet her three friends for lunch. They were waiting for her outside the restaurant when she pulled up in the car. She was so excited to see her friends that she left her tote bag in the taxi. As the taxi pulled away, she and her friends took notice of the license plate number so they would be able to identify the car when they called the taxi company.

#1: The four women seem to agree that the plate starts out with the letter J.

#2: Three of them agree that the plate ends with 12L.

#3: Three of them think that the second letter is X, and a different three think that the third letter is K.

The four license plate numbers below represent what each of the four women thinks she saw. Which one is most likely the license plate number of the taxi?



Explanation:

The four women seem to agree that the plate starts out with the letter J. Three of them agree that the plate ends with 12L. Three of them think that the second letter is X, and a different three think that the third letter is K. The plate description that has all of these common elements is "Option A".


P, Q, R, S, T, U, V and W are sitting round the circle and are facing the centre: P is second to the right of T who is the neighbour of R and V. S is not the neighbour of P. V is the neighbour of U. Q is not between S and W. W is not between U and S.

18. By counting clockwise, how many people are seated between P and V?



Explanation:

By counting clockwise , no.of people between P and V is2


19. Statement: Doordarshan is concerned about the quality of its programmes particularly in view of stiff competition it is facing from STAR and other satellite TV channels and is contemplating various measures to attract talent for its programmes.

Courses of Action:
I. In an effort to attract talent, the Doordarshan has decided to revise its fee structure for the artists.
II. The fee structure should not be revised until other electronic media also revise it.



Explanation:

Clearly, the decision to revise its fee structure for artists is taken by Doordarshan as a remedy to the challenging problem that had arisen before it. It cannot wait till other media take action. So, only course I follows.


20. Statement: "According to me, you should get your child examined by a specialist doctor." - A tells B.

Assumptions:
I. Specialist doctors are able to diagnose better than ordinary doctors.
II. B will certainly not agree with A's advice.



Explanation:

The advice particularly mentions 'a specialist doctor' and not simply 'doctor'. So, I is implicit, B's response to A's advice cannot be deduced from the given statement. So, II is not implicit.


21. What is the two-digit number whose first digit is "a" and the second digit is "b"?. The number is greater than 9.
I. The number is multiple of 51.
II. The sum of the digits "a" and "b" is 6.



Explanation:

From statement I:

A two digit number, greater than 9 and multiple of 51 should be 51 itself.

Because, 2 x 51 = 102 (3 digit number).

Therefore, I alone sufficient to answer.

From statement II:

A two digit number, greater than 9 and sum of the digit is 6.

It can be 15, 24, 33, 42, 51, 60.

So we cannot determine the required answer from the statement II alone.

Thus, I alone give the answer while II alone not sufficient to answer.



In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

22. Base : Aristocratic :: Exquisite : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Aristocratic is the Antonym of Base
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Careless is the Antonym for Exquisite.


23. Carl walks 24 miles in the direction of west then he turns to his right and walks further 7 miles, how far is he exactly from the starting point (in miles) ?



Explanation:

Carl is exactly 25 miles away from the starting point


Instructions:
A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement. 

Input: some found 19 other 99 27 came 45 

Step 1 : came some found 19 other 99 27 45 
Step 2 : came 99 some found 19 other 27 45 
Step 3 : came 99 found some 19 other 27 45 
Step 4 : came 99 found 45 some 19 other 27 
Step 5 : came 99 found 45 other some 19 27 
Step 6 : came 99 found 45 other 27 some 19 

Step 6 is the last step of the rearrangement of the above input. As per the rules followed in the above illustration, for the following questions, find the appropriate step for the given input.

24. Step 2 of an input is : earn 77 39 47 hero gold 29 more 

    Which of the following is definitely the input?





In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

25. Humane : Aloof :: Therapeutics : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Aloof is the Antonym of Humane
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Disease is the Antonym for Therapeutics.


26. If A is coded as -, B is coded as +, C is coded as * and D is coded as / then evaluate 7 A 4 B 8 C 10 D 4 C 5?



Explanation:

Given,A is coded as -,
B is coded as +,
C is coded as * and
D is coded as /

and the given expression: 7 A 4 B 8 C 10 D 4 C 5
By using correct symbols, we get,
7 - 4 + 8 * 10 / 4 * 5
= 103


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

27. Ricochet : Rebound :: Blessing : ?



Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Rebound is the synonym of Ricochet
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Benediction is the synonym for Blessing.


28. Catherine walks 4 miles in the direction of west then he turns to his right and walks further 3 miles, how far is he exactly from the starting point (in miles) ?



Explanation:

Catherine is exactly 5 miles away from the starting point


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

29. Find the missing Number -> 111 : 223 :: 103: ?



Explanation:

By analyzing the numbers we can find that in the first part, first number is doubled and added with 1 to get the second number i.e. 111 * 2 + 1 = 223
By following the same approach for the next number we get 103 * 2 + 1 = 206 + 1 = 207


30. Find out the alternative figure which contains (X)  as its part







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