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Logical Reasoning Questions And Answers Sample Test 10


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Logical Reasoning Test 10


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In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

1. Find the missing one: GF : JI :: ON : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, : GF : JI :: ON : ? , we can find that in the left part , the first alphabet (G) is shifted by 3 positions to the right and the second alphabet (F) is shifted by 1 positions to the left to form JI
Apply the same logic to the right half, by shifting O by 3 positions to the right we get R and by shifting N by 1 positions to the left we get Q. Hence the right answer is RJ


2. A, B, C, D and E are sitting on a bench. A is sitting next to B, C is sitting next to D, D is not sitting with E who is on the left end of the bench. C is on the second position from the right. A is to the right of B and E. A and C are sitting together.

In which position A is sitting ?



Explanation:

Solution is :
Ais sitting betweenBandC


A, B, C, D and E are sitting on a bench. A is sitting next to B, C is sitting next to D, D is not sitting with E who is on the left end of the bench. C is on the second position from the right. A is to the right of B and E. A and C are sitting together.

3. Who is at the immediate right of B?



Explanation:


The person at the immediate right of B is A


A,B,C,D,E and F are sitting in a circular table facing the center. D is between C and F. B is to the left of A . B is diagonally opposite to D. And E is between C and B .

4. Who sits between E and D ?



Explanation:

C E D B F A


5. If the consonants in the word 'DROVE' are first arranged alphabetically and the vowels are put in between two pairs of consonants in the alphabetical order, which of the following will be the fourth from the right end after the rearrangement?



Explanation:

Given word : 'DROVE'

In the given word, the consonants (in alphabetical order) are : D R V
and the vowels (in alphabetical order) are : E O

After putting vowels in between two pairs of consonants, new arrangement is: D E R O V
Here, the fourth letter from the right end = "E"


6. Y is the daughter of X's brother's wife's father-in-law. Y is X's __



Explanation:

X's brother's wife's father-in-law is X's brother's father i.e. X's father. X's father's daughter is X's Sister.


Direction : Each of the following question consists of a statement followed by 2 arguments I and II.Give answer

a)if only argument I is strong
b)if only argument II is strong
c)if either I or II is strong
d)if neither I or II are strong
e)if both I and II follow

7. Statement : The state government has decided to provide relief by way of food and clothes to all the flood victims in the state.

Arguments :

I. The government machinery should identify those people who are affected by flood and are to be provided with relief material.

II. The government machinery should procure enough food and clothes for providing relief to the flood victims.



Explanation:

If both 1 & 2 follow
Explanation :
Both are right as government should provide relief material and food for the victims


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

8. Human : baby :: Duck : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, we can infer that in the left side an adult name and its baby name is given i.e. baby is baby of Human
By Applying the same logic to the right side we can conclude that duckling is the baby of Duck.


Below given a series of some five numbers :

395 577 748 678 497

Answer the following questions based on these numbers :

9.
If the middle digit in all the numbers are removed, then which of the following number will yield minimum remainder when it is divided by 12?  



Explanation:

If the middle digit in all the numbers are removed,
395 = 35 / 12 => Quotient = 2.96, Remainder = 11
577 = 57/ 12 => Quotient =4.75, Remainder = 9
748 = 78 / 12 => Quotient = 6.5, Remainder = 6
678 = 68 / 12 => Quotient = 5.6 , Remainder = 8
497 = 47 / 12 =>Quotient =3.91, Remainder = 11
Minimum remainder is 6 , 748 is correct answer.


10. Which number replaces the question mark ?





In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

11. Find the missing Number -> 33 : 67 :: 124: ?



Explanation:

By analyzing the numbers we can find that in the first part, first number is doubled and added with 1 to get the second number i.e. 33 * 2 + 1 = 67
By following the same approach for the next number we get 124 * 2 + 1 = 248 + 1 = 249


A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step.

The following is an illustration of input and re-arrangement.

Input : suggestion 25 intimation at 83 want 52 tuner

Step I : 25 suggestion intimation at 83 want 52 tuner
Step II : 25 want suggestion intimation at 83 52 tuner
Step III : 25 want 52 suggestion intimation at 83 tuner
Step IV : 25 want 52 tuner suggestion intimation at 83
Step V : 25 want 52 tuner 83 suggestion intimation at
As per the rules followed in the above steps, Find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.

12. Input : stabber house 38 65 all mead 85 58
How many steps will be required to complete the re-arrangement?



Explanation:

input : stabber house 38 65 all mead 85 58
Step I : 38 stabber house 65 all mead 85 58
Step II : 38 stabber 58 house 65 all mead 85
Step III : 38 stabber 58 mead house 65 all 85
Step IV : 38 stabber 58 mead house 65 85 all


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

13. Lethargy : Action :: Prohibit : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Action is the Antonym of Lethargy
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Advance is the Antonym for Prohibit.


14. Select a suitable figure from the four alternatives that would complete the figure matrix.





In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

15. Prate : Deprecate :: Scorching : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Deprecate is the Antonym of Prate
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Cool is the Antonym for Scorching.


16. Statements: Nation X faced growing international opposition for its decision to explode eight nuclear weapons at its test site.

Conclusions:
I. The citizens of the nation favoured the decision.
II. Some powerful countries do not want other nations to become as powerful as they are.



Explanation:

Neither the citizens response to the decision nor the reason for opposition by other nations can be deduced from the statement. So, neither I nor II follows.


17. Find the letter in the 14th position when the alphabets are written in reverse alphabetical order from the right



Explanation:

Z Y X W V U T S R Q P O N M L K J I H G F E D C B A


18. What can we conclude from the given statements:
Some trees are ice
Some ice are candys

Conclusion I : Some trees are not candys
Conclusion II: Some ice are not trees 



Explanation:


Statement I and II are negative considerations
So neither I nor II follows


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

19. Scold : Laud :: Abhor : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Laud is the Antonym of Scold
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Admire is the Antonym for Abhor.


20. Pointing to a man, Dinesh said, “ His only brother is the father of my daughter's father”. How is the man related to Dinesh?



Explanation:

Father of Dinesh daughter’s father : Dinesh’s father
So man is the brother of Dinesh’s father.


Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

Among six persons – K, L, M, N, O and P- each lives on a different floor of a building having six floors numbered one to six (the ground floor is numbered 1, the above floor is numbered 2 and so on and the top most floor is numbered 6).

L lives on an even numbered floor. L lives on a floor immediately below K’s floor and immediately above M’s floor. P lives on a floor immediately above N’s floor. P lives on an even numbered floor. O does not live on floor number 4.
 

21. Who amongst the following does live on 5th floor ?  



Explanation:


6 O
5 K
4 L
3 M
2 P
1 N


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

22. Perennial : Perpetual :: Subterfuge : ?



Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Perpetual is the synonym of Perennial
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Scheme is the synonym for Subterfuge.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

23. Dolphins : click :: Rats : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, we can infer that in the left side an animal and the sound it makes is given i.e. click is sound made by Dolphins
By Applying the same logic to the right side we can conclude that squeak is the sound made by Rats.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

24. Gull : chick :: Cat : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, we can infer that in the left side an adult name and its baby name is given i.e. chick is baby of Gull
By Applying the same logic to the right side we can conclude that kitten is the baby of Cat.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

25. Find the missing Number -> 34 : 69 :: 141: ?



Explanation:

By analyzing the numbers we can find that in the first part, first number is doubled and added with 1 to get the second number i.e. 34 * 2 + 1 = 69
By following the same approach for the next number we get 141 * 2 + 1 = 282 + 1 = 283


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

26. Find the missing Number -> 14 : 29 :: 153: ?



Explanation:

By analyzing the numbers we can find that in the first part, first number is doubled and added with 1 to get the second number i.e. 14 * 2 + 1 = 29
By following the same approach for the next number we get 153 * 2 + 1 = 306 + 1 = 307


27. Find the letter in the 7th position when the alphabets are written in reverse alphabetical order



Explanation:

Z Y X W V U T S R Q P O N M L K J I H G F E D C B A


In the following questions,the symbols $,#,@,% and * are illustrate the following meanings.

P $ Q – P is not smaller than Q
P # Q – P is neither greater than nor equal to Q.
P @ Q – P is neither smaller than nor equal to Q.
P % Q – P is not greater than Q
P * Q – P is neither greater than nor smaller than Q.
 

28. Statements : P @ Q , Q # R , R * S , S % T

Conclusions:
I. T @ P
II. T * Q
III. T @ Q



Explanation:

Given
$ means≥
# means <
@ means >
% means≤
* means =
Statements :P @ Q , Q # R , R * S , S % T
Denoted as P > Q < R = S≤T

Conclusions:
I. T @ P --> T > P ---> False
II. T * Q ---> T = Q ---> False
III. T @ Q ---> T > Q ----> True

OnlyIII follows.


Study the following information to answer the given Questions.

A words and Numbers Arrangement machine when given an input line of words rearranges from the following a particular rule, the following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input: age road own wire tire ink pen uni dice eat

Step-1: uni age road own wire tire ink pen eat dice
Step-2: uni own age road wire tire ink eat pen dice
Step -3: uni own ink age wire tire eat road pen dice
Step-4: uni own ink eat age wire tire road pen dice
And step four is last step on the rearrangement as, per the rulers followed in the above
steps; find out in each of the following Questions the appropriate steps for the given input.

29. Input: gem stat ace cast omit fan rate uncut era input
Which of the following would be the final arrangement?





30. Find the number of triangles in the given figure







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