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Logical Reasoning Questions And Answers Sample Test 1


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Logical Reasoning Test 1


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Total Questions:2
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Study the following information carefully and and answer the given questions:

Input : facebook 99 66 great 39 46 bricks sparrows

Step I : bricks facebook 99 66 great 39 46 sparrows
Step II : bricks 39 facebook 99 66 great 46 sparrows
Step III : bricks 39 facebook 46 99 66 great sparrows
Step IV : bricks 39 facebook 46 great 99 66 sparrows
Step V : bricks 39 facebook 46 great 66 99 sparrows
Step VI : bricks 39 facebook 46 great 66 sparrows 99

and Step VI is the last step of the rearrangement of the above input.
As per the riles followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.

1. Input : scotland 58 46 27 oracularity banalness 64 trabeate.
Which of the following steps will be the last but one?



Explanation:

Step I : banalness scotland 58 46 27 oracularity 64 trabeate
Step II : banalness 27 scotland 58 46 oracularity 64 trabeate
Step III : banalness 27 scotland oracularity 58 46 64 trabeate
Step IV : banalness 27 scotland 46 oracularity 58 64 trabeate
Step V : banalness 27 scotland 46 oracularity 58 trabeate 64


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

2. Misery : Sorrow :: Rural : ?



Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Sorrow is the synonym of Misery
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Rustic is the synonym for Rural.


Among the six persons P, Q, R, S, T and U each have different weight. U is heavier than 3 persons,
T is lighter than P. Q is lighter than only R. T is not the lightest. The second heaviest person is of 65 kg and the second lightest person is of 33 kg.

3. After arranging the person in ascending order of their weight find the person in second position?



Explanation:

According to given data, the order of persons from heaviest to lightest is:
R > Q > U > P > T > S

and Weight of Q = 65 kg,
Weight of T = 33 kg

If the people are arranged in ascending of their weight, then the order becomes:
S, T, P, U, Q, R


In each question below is given a group of letters followed by four combinations of digits/symbols numbered 1), 2), 3) and 4). You have to find out which of the combinations correctly represents the group of letters based on the following coding system and the conditions that follow and mark the number of that combination as your answer. If none of the combinations correctly represents the group of letters, mark 5) ie 'None of these', as your answer.



Symbol Code Conditions:

(i) If both the first and the last letters are vowels, their codes are to be interchanged.
(ii) If the first letter is a consonant and the last letter is a vowel, both are to be coded as the code for the vowel.
(iii) If the first letter is a vowel and the last letter is a consonant, both are to be coded as the code for the consonant.
 

4. EUBKJA 



Explanation:


Letter E -->#
Letter U --> 7
Letter B --->1
Letter K --->*
Letter J ---> 4
Letter A ---> 9
Given conditionboth the first and the last letters are vowels, their codes are to be interchanged.
In the above coding, the first and the last letters are vowels socodes are to be interchanged.
So 94*17# is correct answer.


5. Which number replaces the question mark ?





6. Statements: The Cabinet of State X took certain steps to tackle the milk glut in the state as the cooperatives and government dairies failed to use the available milk. - A news report.

Conclusions:
I. The milk production of State X is more than its need.
II. The Government and co-operative dairies in State X are not equipped in terms of resources and technology to handle such excess milk.



Explanation:

The use of the term 'milk glut' makes I implicit. Also, the fact that the cooperatives and Government dairies failed to use the available milk indicates that they lack the proper infrastructure to handle such quantities of milk. So, II also follows.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

7. Rejoice : Sad :: Charlatan : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Sad is the Antonym of Rejoice
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Honest is the Antonym for Charlatan.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

8. Misery : Sorrow :: Banal : ?



Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Sorrow is the synonym of Misery
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Corny is the synonym for Banal.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

9. Mole : pup :: Leopard : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, we can infer that in the left side an adult name and its baby name is given i.e. pup is baby of Mole
By Applying the same logic to the right side we can conclude that cub is the baby of Leopard.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

10. Exacerbate : Magnify :: Sacred : ?



Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Magnify is the synonym of Exacerbate
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Holy is the synonym for Sacred.


11. Find the odd one out



Explanation:

All except Season are precise measurements for days.


12. Statement : During the workers laying cables underground in ABC locality, a main pipe supplying water to the houses burst and the locality was flooded.

Course of action : 
I. The concerned authority should immediately take an action and start repairing the damage.
II. The concerned authority should take an action against the company whose workers were laying the cables and ask them for the compensation.



Explanation:

Since the locality is getting flooded by water, immediate action should be taken to start repairing. And also the compensation should be asked by the company since its workers did not done their work properly because of which outburst happened.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

13. Weary : Animated :: Abase : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Animated is the Antonym of Weary
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Extend is the Antonym for Abase.


14. Select a suitable figure from the four alternatives that would complete the figure matrix





15. A is the brother of B. B is the brother of C. D is the father of A. Based on these three statements, which of the following statements cannot be definitely true ?



Explanation:

A is the brother of B and B is the brother of C. So, C may be the brother or sister of A


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

16. Intimate : Close :: Burlesque : ?



Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Close is the synonym of Intimate
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Mock is the synonym for Burlesque.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

17. Admiration : Esteem :: Fictitious : ?



Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Esteem is the synonym of Admiration
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Imaginative is the synonym for Fictitious.


18. Seema was a finance manager in an MNC and felt that gender discrimination at the workplace hampered her career growth. Frustrated, she quit the job and started a company. While starting her company, Seema decided that she would have equal proportion of males and females. Over the next six years, Seema emerged as a very successful entrepreneur and expanded her business to eight locations in the country. However, Seema recently started facing an ethical dilemma because she realized that female employees were not willing to travel across cities and work late hours, as the work required them to do. Male employees did not hesitate undertaking such work. Seema started to feel the pressure of reducing the proportion of female employees. On the other hand, she is aware that equal representation was one of the strongest reasons for her to have founded the company. What should she do as a conscientious female entrepreneur?





19. Choose the alternative which is closely resembles the mirror image of the given combination.





20. Pointing to a photograph, Sahil said, “She is the mother of my son's wife's daughter”. How is Sahil related to lady?



Explanation:

My son’s wife’s daughter will be my granddaughter, and my granddaughter’s mother will be my daughter-in-law. So I m father-in-law of lady.


21. Statement: The Asian Development Bank has approved a $285 million loan to finance a project to construct coal ports by Paradip and Madras Port Trusts.

Courses of Action:
I. India should use financial assistance from other international financial organisations to develop such ports in other places.
II. India should not seek such financial assistance from the international financial agencies.



Explanation:

Clearly, such projects shall be an asset and a source of income to the country later on. So, course I shall follow.


A letter/letter combination arrangement machine when given an input of letters/letter combinations rearranges them following a particular rule in each step.

The following is an illustration of the Input and the steps of rearrangement

Input: choose not for paper te book sir

Step-1: paper choose not for te book sir
Step-2: paper choose book not for te sir
Step-3: paper choose book not for sir te
(Step-3 is the last step for this input)
As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in the given questions the appropriate step for the given Input.

22. If the Input is 'true se veto be nuke may like 'which of the following will be the IV
step?





23. Pointing to a lady in the photograph Kiran said, “She is the daughter of the daughter of the only son of my grand father.” How is the lady related to Kiran ?



Explanation:

Grandfather –son-daughter of daughter.His sister’s daughter


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

24. Quaint : Common :: Bait : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Common is the Antonym of Quaint
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Discouragement is the Antonym for Bait.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

25. Belligerent : Warlike :: Decay : ?



Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Warlike is the synonym of Belligerent
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Wither is the synonym for Decay.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

26. Find the missing one: GF : JI :: UT : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, : GF : JI :: UT : ? , we can find that in the left part , the first alphabet (G) is shifted by 3 positions to the right and the second alphabet (F) is shifted by 1 positions to the left to form JI
Apply the same logic to the right half, by shifting U by 3 positions to the right we get X and by shifting T by 1 positions to the left we get W. Hence the right answer is XP


In a certain code
facing problem with money’ is coded as ‘st np cg rt’,
money problem very serious’ is coded as ‘nt st np vw’,
serious with every person’ is coded as ‘rt nt pr ab’,
facing person each day’ is coded as ‘cg ab no cd’.

Based on the above data, answer the following questions.

27. Find the code word for "Facing"? 



Explanation:

Given,
I)facing problem with money’ --- ‘st np cg rt’,
II)money problem very serious’ --- ‘nt st np vw’,
III)serious with every person’ --- ‘rt nt pr ab’,
IV)facing person each day’ --- ‘cg ab no cd’.
Common Word Common Code
From I and IV facing cg
From I, III with rt
From II, III serious nt
From III, IV person ab








Thus, the remaining words and their corresponding codes are:
"problem / money" --- "st / np"
"very" --- "vw"
"every" -- "pr"
"each / day" -- "no / cd"


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

28. Ridiculous : Bad :: Questionable : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Bad is the Antonym of Ridiculous
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Certain is the Antonym for Questionable.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

29. Find the missing one: AC : BD :: HJ : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, : AC : BD :: HJ : ? , we can find that in the left part , the first alphabet (A) is shifted by 1 positions to the right and the second alphabet (C) is shifted by 2 positions to the right to form BD
Apply the same logic to the right half, by shifting H by 1 positions to the right we get I and by shifting J by 2 positions to the right we get K. Hence the right answer is IK


30. If A is coded as +, B is coded as -, C is coded as * and D is coded as / then evaluate 9 A 3 B 2 C 12 D 8 C 4 ? 







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