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Logical Reasoning Questions And Answers Sample Test 1


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Logical Reasoning Test 1


You have scored 3 out of 10
You Scored:2
Total Questions:2
Attended Questions:2
Correct Answered:2
1. Statements: Applications of applicants who do no fulfil eligibility criteria and/or who do not submit applications before last date will be summarily rejected and will not be called for the written test.

Conclusions:
I. Those who are called for the written test are those who fulfil eligibility criteria and have submitted their applications before last date.
II. Written test will be held only after scrutiny of applications.



Explanation:

The statement clearly mentions that fulfilling the eligibility criteria and submitting the application before the stipulated date are both essential to avoid rejection. So, I follows. Also, since it is given that the candidates whose applications are rejected shall not be called for written test, so II also follows.


P, Q, R, S, T, U, V and W are sitting round the circle and are facing the centre: P is second to the right of T who is the neighbour of R and V. S is not the neighbour of P. V is the neighbour of U. Q is not between S and W. W is not between U and S.

2. Which one is immediate right to the V if the position of S and U are interchanged ?



Explanation:

Solution is :
Person at immediate right of Vis T


3. Statement: The X-Airlines has decided to increase the passenger fare by 15 percent with immediate effect.

Assumptions:
I. The demand for seats of X-Airlines may remain unchanged even after the hike of fare.
II. Other airline companies may also hike the passenger fares.



Explanation:

Clearly, such decisions are taken only after making sure that it will not affect the company's business adversely. So, I is implicit. However, the impact of this increase on other airlines cannot be ascertained. So, II is not implicit.


Below given a series of some five numbers :
446 362 576 495 241
Answer the following questions based on these numbers :
 

4. If the middle digit in all the numbers are removed, then which of the following number will be minimum ? 



Explanation:

If the middle digit in all the numbers are removed, it will be as
446 = 46
362 = 32
576 = 56
495 = 45
241 = 21
Minimum number = 21 , 241 is correct answer.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

5. Meager : Adequate :: Condign : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Adequate is the Antonym of Meager
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Immoral is the Antonym for Condign.


Direction : Each of the following question consists of a statement followed by 2 arguments I and II.Give answer

a)if only argument I is strong
b)if only argument II is strong
c)if either I or II is strong
d)if neither I or II are strong
e)if both I and II follow

6. Statement : The gov announced a heavy compensation package for all the victims of the terrorist attacks.

Arguments:

I. Such incidents of terror may not occur in near future

II. Compensation may mitigate the anger among the citizens against the government.



Explanation:

if neither I or II are strong


7. Statement: No budgetary provision for the purpose of appointing additional faculty would be made in the context of institute's changed financial priorities.

Assumptions:
I. Appointment of faculty requires funds.
II. There are areas other than appointment of faculty which require more financial attention.



Explanation:

The phrase 'budgetary provision for the purpose of appointing additional faculty' makes I implicit. Also, since no budgetary provision was provided for appointment of faculty in view of certain changed financial priorities, it means that some other issues require more financial attention. So, II is also implicit.


Eight friends, A , B , C , D , E , F , G and H are seated in a circular arrangement facing the center
(i) AC, DG , HE and FB are seated adjacent to each other. A is also seated adjacent to H
(ii) B is second to the right of H
(iii) E is third to the right of C
(iv) G is opposite to E

8. Who is seated at 2nd right of D ?



Explanation:


At the 2nd right of D , C is seated.


9. Statement: The government is making efforts to boost tourism in State X.

Assumptions:
I. Tourism in State X dropped following political unrest.
II. Special discounts in the air fare have been announced.



Explanation:

Efforts are being made to boost tourism does not mean that tourism has dropped. So, I is not implicit. Also, the statement mentions nothing about discounts in air fare. So, II is also not implicit.


10. Pointing to a man, a woman said, "His mother is the only daughter of my mother." How is the woman related to the man ?



Explanation:

Blood relation Analysis : only daughter of my mother -> means herself


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

11. Rigid : Broken :: Admiration : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Broken is the Antonym of Rigid
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Disrespect is the Antonym for Admiration.


12. From the given below sentences, what can you conclude with the statements I and II?

Some papers are books
All papers are words

Statement I : All words being book is a possibility
Statement II : Some words are not papers



Explanation:

Solution is
So, only statement I follows


13. What is Rakhi's position from the left end of a row?
I. There are 4 students between Gauri and Rakhi. Bhavna is 6th to the right of Gauri.
II. Gini is 6th to the left of Rakhi and is 2nd from the left end.



Explanation:

From I: it is given that Gauri is 5th to Rakhi but not given left or right
From II: Gini is 2nd from left end, and then rakhi is 6th to right of Gini, so Rakhi is 8th from left end.
So.the data in statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question.


Answer the following questions based on these conditions :

Five persons F,M,K,J,E are sitting in a straight row, not necessarily in the same order. M do not sit in the middle and is the immediate left of J. F and J occupy the extreme positions. K sits between F and E.
 

14. If the position of K and J are interchanged, which of the following option denotes the first two people ? 



Explanation:

Arrangement is F,K,E,M,J
New Arrangement will be F,J,E,M,K


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

15. Precocious : Futile :: Exquisite : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Futile is the Antonym of Precocious
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Careless is the Antonym for Exquisite.


In the following questions,the symbols $,#,@,% and * are illustrate the following meanings.
P$Q – P is not smaller than Q
P#Q – P is neither greater than nor equal to Q.
[email protected] – P is neither smaller than nor equal to Q.
P%Q – P is not greater than Q
P*Q – P is neither greater than nor smaller than Q.

16.
Statements:
K # L , L % M , M * N , N # O

Conclusions:
I. K # M
II. K * M
III. L % O



Explanation:

I only


Five girls are sitting on a bench to be photographed. Seema is to the left of Rani and to the right of Bindu. Mary is to the right of Rani. Reeta is between Rani and Mary.

17. Who are at the corners in the photograph? 



Explanation:


Bindu and Mary are at the corners in the photograph.


Based on the given statement and few conclusions, choose the right statement which gives the correct conclusions.

18. Statements:

Some fruits are mangos.
All mangos are guavas.
No guava is a banana.

Conclusions:

I. All guavas are fruits.
II. Some guavas are fruits



Explanation:

Some fruits are mangos. All mangos are guavas.
I + A => I - type of conclusion
"Some fruits are guavas". Conclusion II is Converse of it. All mangos are guavas No guava is a banana. A + E => E - type of conclusion "No mango is a banana


19. Find the letter in the 12th position when the alphabets are written in alphabetical order 



Explanation:

Z Y X W V U T S R Q P O N M L K J I H G F E D C B A
L is 11th position.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

20. Giraffes : bleat :: Parrots : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, we can infer that in the left side an animal and the sound it makes is given i.e. bleat is sound made by Giraffes
By Applying the same logic to the right side we can conclude that squawk is the sound made by Parrots.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

21. Absurd : Logical :: Imminent : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Logical is the Antonym of Absurd
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Avoidable is the Antonym for Imminent.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

22. Patronize : Stoop :: Lament : ?



Explanation:

From Analyzing the left side, we can conclude that Stoop is the synonym of Patronize
By using the same logic, we can conclude that Sorrow is the synonym for Lament.


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

23. Larks : warble :: Peacocks : ?



Explanation:

By Analyzing the given analogy, we can infer that in the left side an animal and the sound it makes is given i.e. warble is sound made by Larks
By Applying the same logic to the right side we can conclude that scream is the sound made by Peacocks.


24. If P denotes +, Q denotes *, R denotes / and S denotes -, then 18 Q 12 P 4 R 5 S 6 = ?



Explanation:

Given,P denotes +,
Q denotes *,
R denotes / and
S denotes -

and the given expression:18 Q 12 P 4 R 5 S 6
By using correct symbols, we get,
=> 18 * 12 + 4 / 5 - 6
= 210.8


In each of the following questions find out the alternative which will replace the question mark.

25. Find the missing Number -> 20 : 8001 :: 2: ?



Explanation:

By analyzing the numbers we can find that in the first part, first number is cubed and added with 1 to get the second number i.e. 20^3 + 1 = 8001
By following the same approach for the next number we get 2^3 + 1 = 8 + 1 = 9


26. R, U, X, A, D, ?



Explanation:

The letters move 3 steps forward.


27. Statement: What a fool I am to rely on trickster like Shaleen !

Assumptions:
I. Shaleen is unreliable.
II. I am a fool.



Explanation:

Since one condemns oneself to rely on Shaleen, so I is implicit. The statement mentions that it was foolish to rely on Shaleen. So, the person is a fool. Thus, II is implicit.


Eight friends, A , B , C , D , E , F , G and H are seated in a circular arrangement facing the center
(i) AC, DG , HE and FB are seated adjacent to each other. A is also seated adjacent to H
(ii) B is second to the right of H
(iii) E is third to the right of C
(iv) G is opposite to E

28. Who is seated exactly opposite to G ?  



Explanation:

Solution is :

Eis exactly opposite to G


Based on the given details answer the following questions :

D lives between B and F.
E and A live on successive floors.
B lives in the topmost floor.
There is exactly one person between C and E.
There are exactly two people between F and G.
 

29. Who lives in the seventh floor ?



Explanation:

7 B
6 D
5 F
4 A
3 E
2 G
1 C


30. Find the odd one out



Explanation:

This is the only geographical feature that has a movement.




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