# Input Output Questions and Answers updated daily – Logical Reasoning

Input Output Questions: Solved 406 Input Output Questions and answers section with explanation for various online exam preparation, various interviews, Logical Reasoning Category online test. Category Questions section with detailed description, explanation will help you to master the topic.

## Input Output Questions

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.

In number arrangement machine when given an input line of numbers, it rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input: 75 14 56 27 48 31 64 97 28 57
Step I: 72 75 56 48 31 64 97 28 57 15
Step II: 13 72 75 56 48 64 97 57 15 29
Step III: 75 13 72 75 56 64 97 15 29 49
Step IV: 57 75 13 72 64 97 15 29 49 57
Step V: 79 57 75 13 72 15 29 49 57 65
As per rules followed in the given steps, find appropriate step for given Input.
Input: 86 12 53 22 45 19 32 29 74 93

Refer the above for the Questions 1 to 0
1. Which of the following is the fifth step for input?

Correct Ans:39 35 54 92 91 13 23 33 75 87
Explanation:
Even numbers are arranged at the right end, from left to right in ascending order after adding one in each number.
Odd numbers are arranged at the left end, from right to left in ascending order after the digits are interchanged within the number.
Input: 86 12 53 22 45 19 32 29 74 93
Step I: 91 86 53 22 45 32 29 74 93 13
Step II: 92 91 86 53 45 32 74 93 13 23
Step III: 54 92 91 86 53 74 93 13 23 33
Step IV: 35 54 92 91 86 93 13 23 33 75
Step V: 39 35 54 92 91 13 23 33 75 87
Workspace

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.

In number arrangement machine when given an input line of numbers, it rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input: 75 14 56 27 48 31 64 97 28 57
Step I: 72 75 56 48 31 64 97 28 57 15
Step II: 13 72 75 56 48 64 97 57 15 29
Step III: 75 13 72 75 56 64 97 15 29 49
Step IV: 57 75 13 72 64 97 15 29 49 57
Step V: 79 57 75 13 72 15 29 49 57 65
As per rules followed in the given steps, find appropriate step for given Input.
Input: 86 12 53 22 45 19 32 29 74 93

Refer the above for the Questions 2 to 1
2. Which of the following elements lies exactly between 91 and 32 in step II?

Correct Ans:53
Explanation:
Even numbers are arranged at the right end, from left to right in ascending order after adding one in each number.
Odd numbers are arranged at the left end, from right to left in ascending order after the digits are interchanged within the number.
Input: 86 12 53 22 45 19 32 29 74 93
Step I: 91 86 53 22 45 32 29 74 93 13
Step II: 92 91 86 53 45 32 74 93 13 23
Step III: 54 92 91 86 53 74 93 13 23 33
Step IV: 35 54 92 91 86 93 13 23 33 75
Step V: 39 35 54 92 91 13 23 33 75 87
Workspace

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.

In number arrangement machine when given an input line of numbers, it rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input: 75 14 56 27 48 31 64 97 28 57
Step I: 72 75 56 48 31 64 97 28 57 15
Step II: 13 72 75 56 48 64 97 57 15 29
Step III: 75 13 72 75 56 64 97 15 29 49
Step IV: 57 75 13 72 64 97 15 29 49 57
Step V: 79 57 75 13 72 15 29 49 57 65
As per rules followed in the given steps, find appropriate step for given Input.
Input: 86 12 53 22 45 19 32 29 74 93

Refer the above for the Questions 3 to 2
3. What is 4th element from right end in Step IV?

Correct Ans:13
Explanation:
Even numbers are arranged at the right end, from left to right in ascending order after adding one in each number.
Odd numbers are arranged at the left end, from right to left in ascending order after the digits are interchanged within the number.
Input: 86 12 53 22 45 19 32 29 74 93
Step I: 91 86 53 22 45 32 29 74 93 13
Step II: 92 91 86 53 45 32 74 93 13 23
Step III: 54 92 91 86 53 74 93 13 23 33
Step IV: 35 54 92 91 86 93 13 23 33 75
Step V: 39 35 54 92 91 13 23 33 75 87
Workspace

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.

In number arrangement machine when given an input line of numbers, it rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input: 75 14 56 27 48 31 64 97 28 57
Step I: 72 75 56 48 31 64 97 28 57 15
Step II: 13 72 75 56 48 64 97 57 15 29
Step III: 75 13 72 75 56 64 97 15 29 49
Step IV: 57 75 13 72 64 97 15 29 49 57
Step V: 79 57 75 13 72 15 29 49 57 65
As per rules followed in the given steps, find appropriate step for given Input.
Input: 86 12 53 22 45 19 32 29 74 93

Refer the above for the Questions 4 to 3
4. Which is the following step?
Step: 54 92 91 86 53 74 93 13 23 33

Correct Ans:III
Explanation:
Even numbers are arranged at the right end, from left to right in ascending order after adding one in each number.
Odd numbers are arranged at the left end, from right to left in ascending order after the digits are interchanged within the number.
Input: 86 12 53 22 45 19 32 29 74 93
Step I: 91 86 53 22 45 32 29 74 93 13
Step II: 92 91 86 53 45 32 74 93 13 23
Step III: 54 92 91 86 53 74 93 13 23 33
Step IV: 35 54 92 91 86 93 13 23 33 75
Step V: 39 35 54 92 91 13 23 33 75 87
Workspace

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.

In number arrangement machine when given an input line of numbers, it rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input: 75 14 56 27 48 31 64 97 28 57
Step I: 72 75 56 48 31 64 97 28 57 15
Step II: 13 72 75 56 48 64 97 57 15 29
Step III: 75 13 72 75 56 64 97 15 29 49
Step IV: 57 75 13 72 64 97 15 29 49 57
Step V: 79 57 75 13 72 15 29 49 57 65
As per rules followed in the given steps, find appropriate step for given Input.
Input: 86 12 53 22 45 19 32 29 74 93

Refer the above for the Questions 5 to 4
5. Which of the following is the last step of above input?

Correct Ans:V
Explanation:
Even numbers are arranged at the right end, from left to right in ascending order after adding one in each number.
Odd numbers are arranged at the left end, from right to left in ascending order after the digits are interchanged within the number.
Input: 86 12 53 22 45 19 32 29 74 93
Step I: 91 86 53 22 45 32 29 74 93 13
Step II: 92 91 86 53 45 32 74 93 13 23
Step III: 54 92 91 86 53 74 93 13 23 33
Step IV: 35 54 92 91 86 93 13 23 33 75
Step V: 39 35 54 92 91 13 23 33 75 87
Workspace

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
When a word and number arrangement machine is given an input line of words and numbers, it arranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of Input and rearrangement.

Input: news 61 below 77 after round 98 sound element 83 64
Step 1: 61 news below 77 after round 98 sound element 83 64
Step 2: 61 83 news below 77 after round 98 sound element 64
Step 3: 61 83 after news below 77 round 98 sound element 64
Step 4: 61 83 after element news below 77 round 98 sound 64
Step 5: 61 83 after element 77 news below round 98 sound 64
Step 6: 61 83 after element 77 below news round 98 sound 64
Step 7: 61 83 after element 77 below news round sound 98 64
Step 8: 61 83 after element 77 below news round sound 64 98
And step 8 is the last step of the above input. As per the rules followed in the above step, find out the appropriate step for the given output.

INPUT: emit random 23 violence 19 speaker 39 expert 33 award 28

Refer the above for the Questions 6 to 5
6. Which of the following would be at the ninth position from the left end in step 6?

Correct Ans:violence
Explanation:
Reference:
1. Arrange all prime numbers in increasing order
2. Then arrange the words that start with vowels in ascending order
3. Then arrange odd numbers in increasing order
4. After odd numbers, arrange remaining consonant in alphabetical order
5. At last, Even number is placed in increasing order

INPUT: emit random 23 violence 19 speaker 39 expert 33 award 28
Step 1: 19 emit random 23 violence speaker 39 expert 33 award 28
Step 2: 19 23 emit random violence speaker 39 expert 33 award 28
Step 3: 19 23 award emit random violence speaker 39 expert 33 28
Step 4: 19 23 award emit expert random violence speaker 39 33 28
Step 5: 19 23 award emit expert 33 random violence speaker 39 28
Step 6: 19 23 award emit expert 33 39 random violence speaker 28
Step 7: 19 23 award emit expert 33 39 random speaker violence 28

In step 6, violence is ninth from the left end.
Workspace

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
When a word and number arrangement machine is given an input line of words and numbers, it arranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of Input and rearrangement.

Input: news 61 below 77 after round 98 sound element 83 64
Step 1: 61 news below 77 after round 98 sound element 83 64
Step 2: 61 83 news below 77 after round 98 sound element 64
Step 3: 61 83 after news below 77 round 98 sound element 64
Step 4: 61 83 after element news below 77 round 98 sound 64
Step 5: 61 83 after element 77 news below round 98 sound 64
Step 6: 61 83 after element 77 below news round 98 sound 64
Step 7: 61 83 after element 77 below news round sound 98 64
Step 8: 61 83 after element 77 below news round sound 64 98
And step 8 is the last step of the above input. As per the rules followed in the above step, find out the appropriate step for the given output.

INPUT: emit random 23 violence 19 speaker 39 expert 33 award 28

Refer the above for the Questions 7 to 6
7. Which step number would be the following output?
"œ19 23 award emit expert 33 39 random violence speaker 28"

Correct Ans:Step 6
Explanation:
Reference:
1. Arrange all prime numbers in increasing order
2. Then arrange the words that start with vowels in ascending order
3. Then arrange odd numbers in increasing order
4. After odd numbers, arrange remaining consonant in alphabetical order
5. At last, Even number is placed in increasing order

INPUT: emit random 23 violence 19 speaker 39 expert 33 award 28
Step 1: 19 emit random 23 violence speaker 39 expert 33 award 28
Step 2: 19 23 emit random violence speaker 39 expert 33 award 28
Step 3: 19 23 award emit random violence speaker 39 expert 33 28
Step 4: 19 23 award emit expert random violence speaker 39 33 28
Step 5: 19 23 award emit expert 33 random violence speaker 39 28
Step 6: 19 23 award emit expert 33 39 random violence speaker 28
Step 7: 19 23 award emit expert 33 39 random speaker violence 28

â€œ19 23 award emit expert 33 39 random violence speaker 28â€
Thus the above sequence is in step 6.
Workspace

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
When a word and number arrangement machine is given an input line of words and numbers, it arranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of Input and rearrangement.

Input: news 61 below 77 after round 98 sound element 83 64
Step 1: 61 news below 77 after round 98 sound element 83 64
Step 2: 61 83 news below 77 after round 98 sound element 64
Step 3: 61 83 after news below 77 round 98 sound element 64
Step 4: 61 83 after element news below 77 round 98 sound 64
Step 5: 61 83 after element 77 news below round 98 sound 64
Step 6: 61 83 after element 77 below news round 98 sound 64
Step 7: 61 83 after element 77 below news round sound 98 64
Step 8: 61 83 after element 77 below news round sound 64 98
And step 8 is the last step of the above input. As per the rules followed in the above step, find out the appropriate step for the given output.

INPUT: emit random 23 violence 19 speaker 39 expert 33 award 28

Refer the above for the Questions 8 to 7
8. Which element is exactly between the fifth from left and fifth from right in step 5?

Correct Ans:33
Explanation:
Reference:
1. Arrange all prime numbers in increasing order
2. Then arrange the words that start with vowels in ascending order
3. Then arrange odd numbers in increasing order
4. After odd numbers, arrange remaining consonant in alphabetical order
5. At last, Even number is placed in increasing order

INPUT: emit random 23 violence 19 speaker 39 expert 33 award 28
Step 1: 19 emit random 23 violence speaker 39 expert 33 award 28
Step 2: 19 23 emit random violence speaker 39 expert 33 award 28
Step 3: 19 23 award emit random violence speaker 39 expert 33 28
Step 4: 19 23 award emit expert random violence speaker 39 33 28
Step 5: 19 23 award emit expert 33 random violence speaker 39 28
Step 6: 19 23 award emit expert 33 39 random violence speaker 28
Step 7: 19 23 award emit expert 33 39 random speaker violence 28

In step 5, 33 is exactly between the fifth from left and fifth from right.
Workspace

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
When a word and number arrangement machine is given an input line of words and numbers, it arranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of Input and rearrangement.

Input: news 61 below 77 after round 98 sound element 83 64
Step 1: 61 news below 77 after round 98 sound element 83 64
Step 2: 61 83 news below 77 after round 98 sound element 64
Step 3: 61 83 after news below 77 round 98 sound element 64
Step 4: 61 83 after element news below 77 round 98 sound 64
Step 5: 61 83 after element 77 news below round 98 sound 64
Step 6: 61 83 after element 77 below news round 98 sound 64
Step 7: 61 83 after element 77 below news round sound 98 64
Step 8: 61 83 after element 77 below news round sound 64 98
And step 8 is the last step of the above input. As per the rules followed in the above step, find out the appropriate step for the given output.

INPUT: emit random 23 violence 19 speaker 39 expert 33 award 28

Refer the above for the Questions 9 to 8
9. What is the position of "˜expert"™ in the step 6?

Correct Ans:Fifth from the left
Explanation:
Reference:
1. Arrange all prime numbers in increasing order
2. Then arrange the words that start with vowels in ascending order
3. Then arrange odd numbers in increasing order
4. After odd numbers, arrange remaining consonant in alphabetical order
5. At last, Even number is placed in increasing order

INPUT: emit random 23 violence 19 speaker 39 expert 33 award 28
Step 1: 19 emit random 23 violence speaker 39 expert 33 award 28
Step 2: 19 23 emit random violence speaker 39 expert 33 award 28
Step 3: 19 23 award emit random violence speaker 39 expert 33 28
Step 4: 19 23 award emit expert random violence speaker 39 33 28
Step 5: 19 23 award emit expert 33 random violence speaker 39 28
Step 6: 19 23 award emit expert 33 39 random violence speaker 28
Step 7: 19 23 award emit expert 33 39 random speaker violence 28

In step 6, â€˜expertâ€™ is fifth from the left.
Workspace

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
When a word and number arrangement machine is given an input line of words and numbers, it arranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of Input and rearrangement.

Input: news 61 below 77 after round 98 sound element 83 64
Step 1: 61 news below 77 after round 98 sound element 83 64
Step 2: 61 83 news below 77 after round 98 sound element 64
Step 3: 61 83 after news below 77 round 98 sound element 64
Step 4: 61 83 after element news below 77 round 98 sound 64
Step 5: 61 83 after element 77 news below round 98 sound 64
Step 6: 61 83 after element 77 below news round 98 sound 64
Step 7: 61 83 after element 77 below news round sound 98 64
Step 8: 61 83 after element 77 below news round sound 64 98
And step 8 is the last step of the above input. As per the rules followed in the above step, find out the appropriate step for the given output.

INPUT: emit random 23 violence 19 speaker 39 expert 33 award 28

Refer the above for the Questions 10 to 9
10. In step 7, what is the sum of first element from right end and sixth element from the left end?

Correct Ans:61
Explanation:
Reference:
1. Arrange all prime numbers in increasing order
2. Then arrangeÂ the words that start with vowels in ascending order
3. Then arrange odd numbers in increasing order
4. After odd numbers, arrange remaining consonant in alphabetical order
5. At last, Even number is placed in increasing order

INPUT: emit random 23 violence 19 speaker 39 expert 33 award 28
Step 1: 19 emit random 23 violence speaker 39 expert 33 award 28
Step 2: 19 23 emit random violence speaker 39 expert 33 award 28
Step 3: 19 23 award emit random violence speaker 39 expert 33 28
Step 4: 19 23 award emit expert random violence speaker 39 33 28
Step 5: 19 23 award emit expert 33 random violence speaker 39 28
Step 6: 19 23 award emit expert 33 39 random violence speaker 28
Step 7: 19 23 award emit expert 33 39 random speaker violence 28

In step 7, 61 is the sum of first element from right end and sixth element from the left end.
Workspace

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

A machine rearrangement given an input line having both words and numbers in a particular set of rules in step by step. The following is an illustration of input and its rearrangement.

Input: match 63 cricket 47 17 bat 96 squads 24 division
Step I: cbu match 63 cricket 47 17 squads 24 division 95
Step II: 18 cbu match 63 cricket 47 squads 24 95 chuhrhnm
Step III: nbudi 18 cbu cricket 47 squads 24 95 chuhrhnm 62
Step IV: 25 nbudi 18 cbu 47 squads 95 chuhrhnm 62 bqhbjds
Step V: trvbef 25 nbudi 18 cbu 95 chuhrhnm 62 bqhbjds 46
As per rules followed in the given steps, find appropriate step for given Input.
Input: 94 squats 81 expected 13 back 34 present 67 start

Refer the above for the Questions 11 to 10
11. Which of the following step represent the following output

"˜14 cbdl squats 81 34 present 67 start 93 dwodbsdc"™?

Correct Ans:Step II
Explanation:
Lowest number of letter in a word is arranged in left end in step I and is replaced with its next letters and highest number is arranged in right end in step I with number-1.
Lowest number is arranged in left end with number+1 in step II and highest number of letter in a word is arranged in right end in step II and is replaced with its previous letter.
Second lowest number of letter in a word is arranged in left end in step III and is replaced with its next letter and second highest number is arranged in right end in step III with number-1.
Above same logic is applied for other steps.

Input: 94 squats 81 expected 13 back 34 present 67 start
Step I: cbdl squats 81 expected 13 34 present 67 start 93
Step II: 14 cbdl squats 81 34 present 67 start 93 dwodbsdc
Step III: tubsu 14 cbdl squats 34 present 67 93 dwodbsdc 80
Step IV: 35 tubsu 14 cbdl squats 67 93 dwodbsdc 80 oqdrdms
Step V: trvbut 35 tubsu 14 cbdl 93 dwodbsdc 80 oqdrdms 66

So, â€˜14 cbdl squats 81 34 present 67 start 93 dwodbsdcâ€™ is Step II.
Workspace

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

A machine rearrangement given an input line having both words and numbers in a particular set of rules in step by step. The following is an illustration of input and its rearrangement.

Input: match 63 cricket 47 17 bat 96 squads 24 division
Step I: cbu match 63 cricket 47 17 squads 24 division 95
Step II: 18 cbu match 63 cricket 47 squads 24 95 chuhrhnm
Step III: nbudi 18 cbu cricket 47 squads 24 95 chuhrhnm 62
Step IV: 25 nbudi 18 cbu 47 squads 95 chuhrhnm 62 bqhbjds
Step V: trvbef 25 nbudi 18 cbu 95 chuhrhnm 62 bqhbjds 46
As per rules followed in the given steps, find appropriate step for given Input.
Input: 94 squats 81 expected 13 back 34 present 67 start

Refer the above for the Questions 12 to 11
12. Which of the following is fourth element from the left in second last step?

Correct Ans:cbdl
Explanation:
Lowest number of letter in a word is arranged in left end in step I and is replaced with its next letters and highest number is arranged in right end in step I with number-1.
Lowest number is arranged in left end with number+1 in step II and highest number of letter in a word is arranged in right end in step II and is replaced with its previous letter.
Second lowest number of letter in a word is arranged in left end in step III and is replaced with its next letter and second highest number is arranged in right end in step III with number-1.
Above same logic is applied for other steps.

Input: 94 squats 81 expected 13 back 34 present 67 start
Step I: cbdl squats 81 expected 13 34 present 67 start 93
Step II: 14 cbdl squats 81 34 present 67 start 93 dwodbsdc
Step III: tubsu 14 cbdl squats 34 present 67 93 dwodbsdc 80
Step IV: 35 tubsu 14 cbdl squats 67 93 dwodbsdc 80 oqdrdms
Step V: trvbut 35 tubsu 14 cbdl 93 dwodbsdc 80 oqdrdms 66

So, cbdl is fourth element from the left in second last step.
Workspace

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

A machine rearrangement given an input line having both words and numbers in a particular set of rules in step by step. The following is an illustration of input and its rearrangement.

Input: match 63 cricket 47 17 bat 96 squads 24 division
Step I: cbu match 63 cricket 47 17 squads 24 division 95
Step II: 18 cbu match 63 cricket 47 squads 24 95 chuhrhnm
Step III: nbudi 18 cbu cricket 47 squads 24 95 chuhrhnm 62
Step IV: 25 nbudi 18 cbu 47 squads 95 chuhrhnm 62 bqhbjds
Step V: trvbef 25 nbudi 18 cbu 95 chuhrhnm 62 bqhbjds 46
As per rules followed in the given steps, find appropriate step for given Input.
Input: 94 squats 81 expected 13 back 34 present 67 start

Refer the above for the Questions 13 to 12
13. What is the difference between second element from the left end in step V and second element from the right end in step II?

Correct Ans:58
Explanation:
Lowest number of letter in a word is arranged in left end in step I and is replaced with its next letters and highest number is arranged in right end in step I with number-1.
Lowest number is arranged in left end with number+1 in step II and highest number of letter in a word is arranged in right end in step II and is replaced with its previous letter.
Second lowest number of letter in a word is arranged in left end in step III and is replaced with its next letter and second highest number is arranged in right end in step III with number-1.
Above same logic is applied for other steps.

Input: 94 squats 81 expected 13 back 34 present 67 start
Step I: cbdl squats 81 expected 13 34 present 67 start 93
Step II: 14 cbdl squats 81 34 present 67 start 93 dwodbsdc
Step III: tubsu 14 cbdl squats 34 present 67 93 dwodbsdc 80
Step IV: 35 tubsu 14 cbdl squats 67 93 dwodbsdc 80 oqdrdms
Step V: trvbut 35 tubsu 14 cbdl 93 dwodbsdc 80 oqdrdms 66

So, 58 is the difference between second element from the left end in step V and second element from the right end in step II.
Workspace

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

A machine rearrangement given an input line having both words and numbers in a particular set of rules in step by step. The following is an illustration of input and its rearrangement.

Input: match 63 cricket 47 17 bat 96 squads 24 division
Step I: cbu match 63 cricket 47 17 squads 24 division 95
Step II: 18 cbu match 63 cricket 47 squads 24 95 chuhrhnm
Step III: nbudi 18 cbu cricket 47 squads 24 95 chuhrhnm 62
Step IV: 25 nbudi 18 cbu 47 squads 95 chuhrhnm 62 bqhbjds
Step V: trvbef 25 nbudi 18 cbu 95 chuhrhnm 62 bqhbjds 46
As per rules followed in the given steps, find appropriate step for given Input.
Input: 94 squats 81 expected 13 back 34 present 67 start

Refer the above for the Questions 14 to 13
14. How many elements are there between "˜14"™ and "˜present"™ in step III?

Correct Ans:Three
Explanation:
Lowest number of letter in a word is arranged in left end in step I and is replaced with its next letters and highest number is arranged in right end in step I with number-1.
Lowest number is arranged in left end with number+1 in step II and highest number of letter in a word is arranged in right end in step II and is replaced with its previous letter.
Second lowest number of letter in a word is arranged in left end in step III and is replaced with its next letter and second highest number is arranged in right end in step III with number-1.
Above same logic is applied for other steps.

Input: 94 squats 81 expected 13 back 34 present 67 start
Step I: cbdl squats 81 expected 13 34 present 67 start 93
Step II: 14 cbdl squats 81 34 present 67 start 93 dwodbsdc
Step III: tubsu 14 cbdl squats 34 present 67 93 dwodbsdc 80
Step IV: 35 tubsu 14 cbdl squats 67 93 dwodbsdc 80 oqdrdms
Step V: trvbut 35 tubsu 14 cbdl 93 dwodbsdc 80 oqdrdms 66

So, Three elements are there between â€˜14â€™ and â€˜presentâ€™ in step III.
Workspace

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

A machine rearrangement given an input line having both words and numbers in a particular set of rules in step by step. The following is an illustration of input and its rearrangement.

Input: match 63 cricket 47 17 bat 96 squads 24 division
Step I: cbu match 63 cricket 47 17 squads 24 division 95
Step II: 18 cbu match 63 cricket 47 squads 24 95 chuhrhnm
Step III: nbudi 18 cbu cricket 47 squads 24 95 chuhrhnm 62
Step IV: 25 nbudi 18 cbu 47 squads 95 chuhrhnm 62 bqhbjds
Step V: trvbef 25 nbudi 18 cbu 95 chuhrhnm 62 bqhbjds 46
As per rules followed in the given steps, find appropriate step for given Input.
Input: 94 squats 81 expected 13 back 34 present 67 start

Refer the above for the Questions 15 to 14
15. Which of the following element is fourth to the left of second from the right end in step IV?

Correct Ans:squats
Explanation:
Lowest number of letter in a word is arranged in left end in step I and is replaced with its next letters and highest number is arranged in right end in step I with number-1.
Lowest number is arranged in left end with number+1 in step II and highest number of letter in a word is arranged in right end in step II and is replaced with its previous letter.
Second lowest number of letter in a word is arranged in left end in step III and is replaced with its next letter and second highest number is arranged in right end in step III with number-1.
Above same logic is applied for other steps.

Input: 94 squats 81 expected 13 back 34 present 67 start
Step I: cbdl squats 81 expected 13 34 present 67 start 93
Step II: 14 cbdl squats 81 34 present 67 start 93 dwodbsdc
Step III: tubsu 14 cbdl squats 34 present 67 93 dwodbsdc 80
Step IV: 35 tubsu 14 cbdl squats 67 93 dwodbsdc 80 oqdrdms
Step V: trvbut 35 tubsu 14 cbdl 93 dwodbsdc 80 oqdrdms 66

So, squats is fourth to the left of second from the right end in step IV.
Workspace

Directions: A word and number arrangement machine, when given an input line of words and numbers, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input: fire 76 for 53 fauna 14 favour 27 freedom 36
Step 1: 78 fauna fire for 53 14 favour 27 freedom 36
Step 2: 51 favour 78 fauna fire for 14 27 freedom 36
Step 3: 38 freedom 51 favour 78 fauna fire for 14 27
Step 4: 25 fire 38 freedom 51 favour 78 fauna for 14
Step 5: 16 for 25 fire 38 freedom 51 favour 78 fauna

Step 5 is the last step. Find the different steps of output using the above mentioned logic for the following input.

Input: prison 24 pirates 61 proxy 70 prone 53 prejudice 17

Refer the above for the Questions 16 to 15
16. In which of the following steps 'prison 59 pirates' is seen in the same sequence for the first time?

Correct Ans:Step 3
Explanation:
The given output is obtained by following the below mentioned logic:

Change in Word: Words are selected on the basis of decreasing order of number of vowels within a word i.e. The word with highest number of vowels is considered first, if there are more than one word with same number of vowels then prefernce is given to the word that comes first as per dictionary order. Words are placed at the left end.

Change in Number: Numbers are seleceted on the basis of descending order. If the number is an even number then change it by adding 2 to it and shift to the extreme left end. If the number is an odd number then change it by subtracting 2 from it and shift it to the extreme left end.

Note: Changes in word and number take place simultaneously at each step.

Reference:
Input: fire 76 for 53 fauna 14 favour 27 freedom 36
Step1: 78 fauna fire for 53 14 favour 27 freedom 36
 S.No. Word No. of vowels Order of Preference Number Changed Number Order of Preference 1 fire 2 4th 76 - Even 78 1st 2 for 1 5th 53 - Odd 51 2nd 3 fauna 3 1st 14 - Even 16 5th 4 favour 3 2nd 27 - Odd 25 4th 5 freedom 3 3rd 36 - Even 38 3rd

Inference:
On the basis of given logic, following table is prepared which shows the changes in numbers and words and their order of preference in which they are to be rearranged.
Input: prison 24 pirates 61 proxy 70 prone 53 prejudice 17
 S.No. Word No. of vowels Order of Preference Number Changed Number Order of Preference 1 prison 2 3rd 24 - Even 26 4th 2 pirates 3 2nd 61 - Odd 59 2nd 3 proxy 1 5th 70 - Even 72 1st 4 prone 2 4th 53 - Odd 51 3rd 5 prejudice 4 1st 17 - Odd 15 5th

Final Output:
Thus, for the given Input: prison 24 pirates 61 proxy 70 prone 53 prejudice 17
Step 1: 72 prejudice prison 24 pirates 61 proxy prone 53 17
Step 2: 59 pirates 72 prejudice prison 24 proxy prone 53 17
Step 3: 51 prison 59 pirates 72 prejudice 24 proxy prone 17
Step 4: 26 prone 51 prison 59 pirates 72 prejudice proxy 17
Step 5: 15 proxy 26 prone 51 prison 59 pirates 72 prejudice

Step 5 is the last step.
Workspace

Directions: A word and number arrangement machine, when given an input line of words and numbers, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input: fire 76 for 53 fauna 14 favour 27 freedom 36
Step 1: 78 fauna fire for 53 14 favour 27 freedom 36
Step 2: 51 favour 78 fauna fire for 14 27 freedom 36
Step 3: 38 freedom 51 favour 78 fauna fire for 14 27
Step 4: 25 fire 38 freedom 51 favour 78 fauna for 14
Step 5: 16 for 25 fire 38 freedom 51 favour 78 fauna

Step 5 is the last step. Find the different steps of output using the above mentioned logic for the following input.

Input: prison 24 pirates 61 proxy 70 prone 53 prejudice 17

Refer the above for the Questions 17 to 16
17. Which of the following comes exactly between 'prone' and 'pirates' in step 4?

Correct Ans:prison
Explanation:
The given output is obtained by following the below mentioned logic:

Change in Word: Words are selected on the basis of decreasing order of number of vowels within a word i.e. The word with highest number of vowels is considered first, if there are more than one word with same number of vowels then prefernce is given to the word that comes first as per dictionary order. Words are placed at the left end.

Change in Number: Numbers are seleceted on the basis of descending order. If the number is an even number then change it by adding 2 to it and shift to the extreme left end. If the number is an odd number then change it by subtracting 2 from it and shift it to the extreme left end.

Note: Changes in word and number take place simultaneously at each step.

Reference:
Input: fire 76 for 53 fauna 14 favour 27 freedom 36
Step1: 78 fauna fire for 53 14 favour 27 freedom 36
 S.No. Word No. of vowels Order of Preference Number Changed Number Order of Preference 1 fire 2 4th 76 - Even 78 1st 2 for 1 5th 53 - Odd 51 2nd 3 fauna 3 1st 14 - Even 16 5th 4 favour 3 2nd 27 - Odd 25 4th 5 freedom 3 3rd 36 - Even 38 3rd

Inference:
On the basis of given logic, following table is prepared which shows the changes in numbers and words and their order of preference in which they are to be rearranged.
Input: prison 24 pirates 61 proxy 70 prone 53 prejudice 17
 S.No. Word No. of vowels Order of Preference Number Changed Number Order of Preference 1 prison 2 3rd 24 - Even 26 4th 2 pirates 3 2nd 61 - Odd 59 2nd 3 proxy 1 5th 70 - Even 72 1st 4 prone 2 4th 53 - Odd 51 3rd 5 prejudice 4 1st 17 - Odd 15 5th

Final Output:
Thus, for the given Input: prison 24 pirates 61 proxy 70 prone 53 prejudice 17
Step 1: 72 prejudice prison 24 pirates 61 proxy prone 53 17
Step 2: 59 pirates 72 prejudice prison 24 proxy prone 53 17
Step 3: 51 prison 59 pirates 72 prejudice 24 proxy prone 17
Step 4: 26 prone 51 prison 59 pirates 72 prejudice proxy 17
Step 5: 15 proxy 26 prone 51 prison 59 pirates 72 prejudice

Step 5 is the last step.
Workspace

Directions: A word and number arrangement machine, when given an input line of words and numbers, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input: fire 76 for 53 fauna 14 favour 27 freedom 36
Step 1: 78 fauna fire for 53 14 favour 27 freedom 36
Step 2: 51 favour 78 fauna fire for 14 27 freedom 36
Step 3: 38 freedom 51 favour 78 fauna fire for 14 27
Step 4: 25 fire 38 freedom 51 favour 78 fauna for 14
Step 5: 16 for 25 fire 38 freedom 51 favour 78 fauna

Step 5 is the last step. Find the different steps of output using the above mentioned logic for the following input.

Input: prison 24 pirates 61 proxy 70 prone 53 prejudice 17

Refer the above for the Questions 18 to 17
18. Which of the following is third to the right of the one which is third from the left end in step1?

Correct Ans:61
Explanation:
The given output is obtained by following the below mentioned logic:

Change in Word: Words are selected on the basis of decreasing order of number of vowels within a word i.e. The word with highest number of vowels is considered first, if there are more than one word with same number of vowels then prefernce is given to the word that comes first as per dictionary order. Words are placed at the left end.

Change in Number: Numbers are seleceted on the basis of descending order. If the number is an even number then change it by adding 2 to it and shift to the extreme left end. If the number is an odd number then change it by subtracting 2 from it and shift it to the extreme left end.

Note: Changes in word and number take place simultaneously at each step.

Reference:
Input: fire 76 for 53 fauna 14 favour 27 freedom 36
Step1: 78 fauna fire for 53 14 favour 27 freedom 36
 S.No. Word No. of vowels Order of Preference Number Changed Number Order of Preference 1 fire 2 4th 76 - Even 78 1st 2 for 1 5th 53 - Odd 51 2nd 3 fauna 3 1st 14 - Even 16 5th 4 favour 3 2nd 27 - Odd 25 4th 5 freedom 3 3rd 36 - Even 38 3rd

Inference:
On the basis of given logic, following table is prepared which shows the changes in numbers and words and their order of preference in which they are to be rearranged.
Input: prison 24 pirates 61 proxy 70 prone 53 prejudice 17
 S.No. Word No. of vowels Order of Preference Number Changed Number Order of Preference 1 prison 2 3rd 24 - Even 26 4th 2 pirates 3 2nd 61 - Odd 59 2nd 3 proxy 1 5th 70 - Even 72 1st 4 prone 2 4th 53 - Odd 51 3rd 5 prejudice 4 1st 17 - Odd 15 5th

Final Output:
Thus, for the given Input: prison 24 pirates 61 proxy 70 prone 53 prejudice 17
Step 1: 72 prejudice prison 24 pirates 61 proxy prone 53 17
Step 2: 59 pirates 72 prejudice prison 24 proxy prone 53 17
Step 3: 51 prison 59 pirates 72 prejudice 24 proxy prone 17
Step 4: 26 prone 51 prison 59 pirates 72 prejudice proxy 17
Step 5: 15 proxy 26 prone 51 prison 59 pirates 72 prejudice

Step 5 is the last step.
Workspace

Directions: A word and number arrangement machine, when given an input line of words and numbers, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input: fire 76 for 53 fauna 14 favour 27 freedom 36
Step 1: 78 fauna fire for 53 14 favour 27 freedom 36
Step 2: 51 favour 78 fauna fire for 14 27 freedom 36
Step 3: 38 freedom 51 favour 78 fauna fire for 14 27
Step 4: 25 fire 38 freedom 51 favour 78 fauna for 14
Step 5: 16 for 25 fire 38 freedom 51 favour 78 fauna

Step 5 is the last step. Find the different steps of output using the above mentioned logic for the following input.

Input: prison 24 pirates 61 proxy 70 prone 53 prejudice 17

Refer the above for the Questions 19 to 18
19. Which of the following steps is the step 3 of the given input?

Correct Ans:51 prison 59 pirates 72 prejudice 24 proxy prone 17
Explanation:
The given output is obtained by following the below mentioned logic:

Change in Word: Words are selected on the basis of decreasing order of number of vowels within a word i.e. The word with highest number of vowels is considered first, if there are more than one word with same number of vowels then prefernce is given to the word that comes first as per dictionary order. Words are placed at the left end.

Change in Number: Numbers are seleceted on the basis of descending order. If the number is an even number then change it by adding 2 to it and shift to the extreme left end. If the number is an odd number then change it by subtracting 2 from it and shift it to the extreme left end.

Note: Changes in word and number take place simultaneously at each step.

Reference:
Input: fire 76 for 53 fauna 14 favour 27 freedom 36
Step1: 78 fauna fire for 53 14 favour 27 freedom 36
 S.No. Word No. of vowels Order of Preference Number Changed Number Order of Preference 1 fire 2 4th 76 - Even 78 1st 2 for 1 5th 53 - Odd 51 2nd 3 fauna 3 1st 14 - Even 16 5th 4 favour 3 2nd 27 - Odd 25 4th 5 freedom 3 3rd 36 - Even 38 3rd

Inference:
On the basis of given logic, following table is prepared which shows the changes in numbers and words and their order of preference in which they are to be rearranged.
Input: prison 24 pirates 61 proxy 70 prone 53 prejudice 17
 S.No. Word No. of vowels Order of Preference Number Changed Number Order of Preference 1 prison 2 3rd 24 - Even 26 4th 2 pirates 3 2nd 61 - Odd 59 2nd 3 proxy 1 5th 70 - Even 72 1st 4 prone 2 4th 53 - Odd 51 3rd 5 prejudice 4 1st 17 - Odd 15 5th

Final Output:
Thus, for the given Input: prison 24 pirates 61 proxy 70 prone 53 prejudice 17
Step 1: 72 prejudice prison 24 pirates 61 proxy prone 53 17
Step 2: 59 pirates 72 prejudice prison 24 proxy prone 53 17
Step 3: 51 prison 59 pirates 72 prejudice 24 proxy prone 17
Step 4: 26 prone 51 prison 59 pirates 72 prejudice proxy 17
Step 5: 15 proxy 26 prone 51 prison 59 pirates 72 prejudice

Step 5 is the last step.
Workspace

Directions: A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of an input and rearrangement.
Input: hot 15 air fly 79 38 cat 98
Step I: zri hot fly 79 38 cat 98 52
Step II: xzg zri hot fly 79 98 52 84
Step III: uob xzg zri hot 98 52 84 98
Step IV: slg uob xzg zri 52 84 98 90

and Step IV  is the last step of the rearrangement of the above input.
As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.

Input for the question:
Input: toy 85 star 17 26 moon earth 61 cat 53

Refer the above for the Questions 20 to 19
20. Which of the following would last but one step?

Correct Ans:hgzi nllm vzigs xzg toy 85 72 63 36 17
Explanation:
In this question both words and numbers are arranged in each step.
For word, we have to take that particular word which is smallest according to English dictionary and reverse that particular word according to English alphabet and then arrange it from left to right at the left most end of each step.

And for number take smallest number, then reverse that particular number and then add one to it and arrange it from left to right at the right most end od each step.
Same process is repeated up to the last step.

Given Input: toy 85 star 17 26 moon earth 61 cat 53
 a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z z y x w v u t s r q p o n m l k j i h g f e d c b a

In the given Input, smallest alphabet is "cat", when reversing it according to the English alphabet, we get "xzg"
In the given Input, smallest number is "17", when reversing it, we get "71" then adding 1 to it, we get, "72"

Step I: xzg toy 85 star 26 moon earth 61 53 72
Step II: vzigs xzg toy 85 star moon 61 53 72 63
Step III: nllm vzigs xzg toy 85 star 61 72 63 36
Step IV: hgzi nllm vzigs xzg toy 85 72 63 36 17
Step V: glb hgzi nllm vzigs xzg 72 63 36 17 59
Step (V) is the last step.
Workspace

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