Chemistry Questions and Answers updated daily – General Knowledge

Chemistry Questions: Solved 165 Chemistry Questions and answers section with explanation for various online exam preparation, various interviews, General Knowledge Category online test. Category Questions section with detailed description, explanation will help you to master the topic.

Chemistry Questions

1. Which of the following is the most used semiconductor?




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Correct Ans:Silicon
Explanation:
Semiconductor – A solid substance that has a conductivity between that of an insulator and that of most metals, either due to the addition of an impurity or because of temperature effects. Devices made of semiconductors, notably silicon, are essential components of most electronic circuits.

Hence, option A is correct.
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2. Which of the following is the lowest layer of the atmosphere?




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Correct Ans:Troposphere
Explanation:
The lowest layer of the atmosphere is troposphere. The layers are in the following order.

Troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, exosphere.

Hence, option B is crorrect.
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3. Which of the following is a polymer of chloroethene?




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Correct Ans:Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
Explanation:
A polymer is a substance which is made up of monomers. Here, the polymer of chloroethene is PVC. The monomer of nylon is caprolactam, terylene are ethylene glycol and terephtalic acid and the monomer of polystyrene is styrene.

Hence, option A is crorrect.
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4. Which of the following is not a popular use of HCl(Hydrochloric Acid)?




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Correct Ans:Manufacturing of alum
Explanation:
Hydrochloric acid is a colorless and odorless solution of hydrogen chloride and water; with chemical formula HCl. It is used in digestion. Apart from that it is also used in

As a bathroom cleaner
As a pickling agent before galvanization
In leather tanning industry
In dying and textile industry
In manufacturing gelatin from bones

Sulphuric acid is used in manufacturing of alum.
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5. Who is the father of Periodic table?




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Correct Ans:Mendeleev
Explanation:
Classification of elements entails the arrangement of the known elements in certain groups in such a away so that elements with similar properties are grouped together. Mendeleev is considered as the father of periodic table. He gave a law according to which the physical and chemical properties of the elements are the periodic function of their atomic masses. Base on this the periodic table was tabulated.

Hence, option B is correct.
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6. Isotones are atoms of different elements having a same number of ________?




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Correct Ans:Neutrons
Explanation:
Fundamental particles of an atom are Electron, proton and neutron. Neutron had been discovered by James Chadwick. It has zero charge and mass 1.00863 amu. Isotones are atoms of different elements having the same number of neutrons. 146<./sub>C, 157N,168O.

Hence, option C is correct.
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7. What is the true value of Avogadro’s number?    




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Correct Ans:6.023×1023
Explanation:
Avogadro constant or Avogadro’s number us the number of particles in a mole. It is named after the famous scientist Amedeo Avogadro and its value is 6.023×1023.

Hence, option D is correct.
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8. What conversion of state happens during sublimation?




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Correct Ans:Solid to gaseous
Explanation:
Sublimation is one of the methods of separation of mixtures. During sublimation, a solid substance directly passes into its vapors, on application of heat. The vapors upon cooling give back original substance. Some example of sublimes are- Naphthalene, Iodine, Ammonium Chloride etc.

Hence, option A is correct.
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9. Which chemical is used in photography for coating papers?




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Correct Ans:Barium Sulphate
Explanation:
• Barium Sulphate is used in photography for coating papers.

• The chemical formula of Barium Sulphate is BaSO4.

• Photographic paper is a paper coated with a light-sensitive chemical formula. When this paper is exposed to light, it captures the latent image which is then developed to form a visible image.
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10. By which method, glucose is converted in to alcohol?




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Correct Ans:Fermentation
Explanation:
Fermentation is the process in which yeast breaks down glucose sugar into alcohol and carbon dioxide.

CO2 gas bubbles out of the fermenting solution into the air leaving a mixture of ethanol and water.

It's important that no air is present or the yeast will produce ethanoic acid.
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11. The process of covering water pipes made of Iron with Zinc layer to prevent corrosion is called:




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Correct Ans:Galvanization
Explanation:
Galvanization, or galvanisation is the process of applying a protective zinc coating to steel or iron, to prevent rusting. The most common method is hot-dip galvanization, in which parts are submerged in a bath of molten zinc.
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12. Which chemical is used in developing photographic films?




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Correct Ans:Silver bromide
Explanation:
In photography, silver bromide is used on photographic film.
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13. Which chemical compound is used in making of dyes?




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Correct Ans:Potassium Carbonate
Explanation:
Potassium Carbonate (K2CO3) is used in making glass, dyes, and some soaps. Potassium Bromide is used in photography. Potassium chloride and Potassium sulfate are used in making fertilizer.
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14. Water is a good coolant and is used to cool the engines of cars, buses, trucks etc. It is because water has a




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Correct Ans:high specific heat
Explanation:
Water has a high specific heat.
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15. Which one among the following is a sin smelling agent added to LPG cylinder to help the detection of gas leakage?




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Correct Ans:Thio-ethanol
Explanation:
Ethyl mercaptan or thio-ethanol (C2H5SH) is added during filling of LPG cylinders. It is a strong-smelling compound and help in the detection of gas leakage.
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16. Automobile exhaust leads to a poisonous pollutant




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Correct Ans:Carbon Monoxide
Explanation:
Main motor vehicle emissions are NOx, Volatile organic compounds, Ozone, Carbon monoxide (CO), Hazardous air pollutants (toxics), Particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), Carbon dioxide (CO2) and Water vapor. Out of this Carbon monoxide is the poisonous gas.
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17. What is the main constituent of a pearl?




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Correct Ans:Calcium carbonate only
Explanation:
Pearl consists of approximately 85% calcium carbonate.
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18. Which one among the following will you put into pure water in order to pass electric current through it?




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Correct Ans:Lemon juice
Explanation:
In lemon juice citric acid is present. Hence, acids are conductors of electricity. The aqueous solution of lime juice conducts electricity due to the presence of ions in it.
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19. Bleaching powder is prepared by passing ________.




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Correct Ans:Chlorine over slaked lime
Explanation:
Bleaching powder is prepared by passing gas state of chlorine over dry slaked lime, this process will gives bleaching powder. Bleaching powder is prepared on a large scale by passing the chlorine gas through a solution that contains calcium hydroxide.
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20. Methane is present in the atmosphere of




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Correct Ans:Mars
Explanation:
First NASA Goddard Space Flight Centre confirmed the presence of Methane in the atmosphere of Mars. In 2014, Mars Express Orbiter and Canada France Telescope at Hawaii further confirmed the presence of methane on Mars.
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