# Cause and Effect Questions and Answers updated daily – Logical Reasoning

36 Cause and Effect Questions and answers section with explanation for various online exam preparation, various interviews, Logical Reasoning Cause and Effect online test. Cause and Effect Questions with detailed description, explanation will help you to master the topic.

## Cause and Effect Questions

Two statements I and II are given. These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or a common cause. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statements. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choice correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.

Refer the above for the Questions 1 to 20
1. Statements:

I. The committee appointed by the Government on the fee structure of the professional courses has drastically reduced the fees of various courses in comparison to those charged in the last year.

II. The parents of aspiring students seeking admission to professional courses had launched a severe agitation protesting against the high fees charged by the professional institutes and the admission process was delayed considerably

Correct Ans:Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
Explanation:
Since the parents of aspiring students seeking admission to professional courses had launched a severe agitation protesting against the high fees changed by the professional institutes. So, the committee was appointed by the Government on the fee structure of professional courses has drastically reduced the fees of previous course.

2. Statements:

I. Police authority has recently increased vigil during the evening hours in the locality.

II. There has been considerable reduction in the incidents of petty crimes in the locality.

Correct Ans:Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
Explanation:
Since police authority has recently increased vigil during the evening hours in the locality therefore, the petty crimes have reduced considerably.

3. Statements:

I. The Government has reduced the prices of petroleum products by five percent a week after increasing the prices by ten percent.

II. The rate of inflation dropped marginally during the last week.

Correct Ans:Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
Explanation:
Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.

4. Statements:

I. Majority of people residing in the locality have decided to protest against the municipality authority's decision to allow construction of a shopping mall in the locality.

II. Many shopping malls have been opened all over the city in the recent time

Correct Ans:Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
Explanation:
Since in the recent time, many shopping malls have been opened all over the city, therefore, majority of the people residing in the locality have decided to protest against the municipality authority's decision to allow construction of a shopping mall in the locality.

5. Statements:

I. The university authority has instructed all the colleges under its jurisdiction to ban use of cell phones inside the college premises.

II. Majority of the teachers of the college signed a joint petition to the university complaining the disturbances caused by cell phone ring tones inside the classrooms.

Correct Ans:Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
Explanation:
Since the teachers of the colleges complained to the university about the disturbances caused by cell phone ring-tones inside the classrooms, the university authority has instructed all the colleges under its jurisdiction to ban use of cell phones inside the college premises.

6. Statements:

I. Large numbers of people have fallen sick after consuming sweets from a particular shop in the locality.

II. Major part of the locality is flooded and has become inaccessible to outsiders.

Correct Ans:Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
Explanation:
Both statements I and II are the effects of independent causes.

7. Statements:

I. The performance of Indian sports persons in the recently held Olympics could not reach the level of expectation the country had on them.

II. The performance of Indian sports person in the last Asian games was far better than any previous games

Correct Ans:Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.
Explanation:
Both the statements are effects of some common cause.

8. Statements:

I. The prices of petrol and diesel in the domestic market have remained unchanged for the past few months.

II. The crude oil prices in the International market have gone up substantially in the last few months.

Correct Ans:Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
Explanation:
Both are independent causes.

9. Statements:

I. The Reserve Bank of India has recently put restrictions on few small banks in the country.

II. The small banks in the private and cooperative sector in India are not in a position to withstand the competitions of the bigger banks in the public sector.

Correct Ans:Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
Explanation:
As, the small banks in the private and cooperative sector in India are not in a position to withstand the competitions of the bigger banks in the public sector, therefore, the Reserve Bank of India has recently put restrictions on few small banks in the country.

10. Statements:

I. Large number of people living in the low lying areas has been evacuated during the last few days to safer places.

II. The Government has rushed in relief supplies to the people living in the affected areas.

Correct Ans:Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
Explanation:
Both the statements are effects of some common cause.

11. Statements:

I. There was a huge rush of people to the temple last Sunday the 15th of the month.

II. The temple authority had decided to close down the temple for repairs from 17th of the month.

Correct Ans:Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
Explanation:
Since the temple authority had decided to close down the temple for repairs from 17th of the month, hence, there was a huge rush of people to the temple last Sunday the 15th of the month.

12. Statements:

I. The government has decided to give tax benefits for small savings for investments and benefit accruals. However, all withdrawals of such savings are to be taxed.

II. People have been investing more in small savings than in equity market to avail maximum tax benefits

Correct Ans:Both the statements I and II are independent causes.
Explanation:
Both the statements I and II are independent causes.

13. Statements:

I. Police had resorted to lathicharge to disperse the unruly mob from the civic headquarters.

II. The civic administration has recently hiked the property tax of the residential buildings by about 30 percent.

Correct Ans:Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
Explanation:
Both the statements I and II are the effects of independent causes.

14. Statements:

I. The vegetable prices in the local market have increased manifold during the past few days.

II. Incessant rains have created flood like situation in most rural parts of the State.

Correct Ans:Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
Explanation:
The transportation gets affected due to the flood created by incessant rains in the most rural parts of State. Therefore, on account of this, it is possible to increase the vegetable prices in the local market.

15. Statements:

I. The Government has increased rates of petrol and diesel by 10% from the immediate effect.

II. Oil producing countries have decided to increase 10% of production on crude oil from the last quarter.

Correct Ans:Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
Explanation:
Both statements I and II are the effects of independent causes.

16. Statements:

I. Rural and semi-urban areas in the country have been suffering due to load-shedding for quite some time.

II. If the Government is not able to overcome the power crisis, load-shedding will be extended even to the urban areas.

Correct Ans:Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.
Explanation:
If certain preventive measures are practiced at the rural and semi urban areas the problem will be solved. But if the same is not practiced even at the cities the problem may roll into the city also, so the two effects are of some common cause.

17. Statements:

I. Many people in the area are reported to be suffering from Malaria.

II. Private Medical Practitioners in the area have decided to close their clinics for few days

Correct Ans:Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
Explanation:
Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes. Because spreading malaria or to be suffering from malaria may be due to mosquitoes or dirtiness. But the decision of private medical practitioners to close the clinics may be due to other causes.

18. Statements:

I. The Government has imported large quantities of sugar as per trade agreement with other countries.

II. The prices of sugar in the domestic market have fallen sharply in the recent months.

Correct Ans:Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
Explanation:
Since the Government has imported large quantities of sugar as per trade agreement with other countries, therefore, the prices of the sugar in the domestic market have fallen sharply in the recent months.

19. Statements:
I. The government has allowed private airline companies in India to operate to overseas destinations.
II. The national air carrier has increased its flights to overseas destinations

Correct Ans:Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
Explanation:
Since the Government has allowed private airline companies in India to operate to overseas, so the national air carrier has increased its flights to overseas destinations.

20. Statements:

I. The State Government has announced special tax package for the new industries to be set-up in the State.

II. Last year the State Government had hiked the taxes for all industrial activities in the State.

Correct Ans:Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
Explanation:
Because due to hike of taxes last year the State Government has announced special tax package the new industries to be set up in the State.

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