Assumptions Questions and Answers updated daily – Logical Reasoning

Assumptions Questions: Solved 312 Assumptions Questions and answers section with explanation for various online exam preparation, various interviews, Logical Reasoning Category online test. Category Questions section with detailed description, explanation will help you to master the topic.

Assumptions Questions

1. Directions: Study the following questions carefully and choose the right answer

Statement : Please consult me before making any decision on exports from the company.

Assumptions :

I. You may take a wrong decision if you don"™t consult me.

II. It is important to take a right decision.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:if both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
Both are implicit. The author asks him to consult ‘me’ before making any decision. Obviously, he is worried that a decision without his consultation may not be correct. So I is implicit. Further, he wouldn’t have said so unless he thought that taking a correct dicision was important. Hence II is implicit.

Hence, option (E) is correct.
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2. Directions: Study the following questions carefully and choose the right answer:

Statement : One of the opposition leaders said that the time had come for like-minded
opposition parties to unite and dislodge the corrupt government.

Assumptions :

I. Like-minded opposition parties should unite only when the have to dislodge a corrupt government.

II. Opposition parties are not corrupt.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:if neither I nor II is implicit
Explanation:
To dislodge a corrupt government has been mentioned as the present purpose for the call of unity. But this does not mean that this is the only purpose. So I is not implicit. Further, the leader asks like-minded parties to unite against the government and not the entire opposition. So we cannot generalise that (all) opposition parties are non-corrupt. Hence II is not implicit.

Hence, option (D) is correct.
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3. Directions: Study the following questions carefully and choose the right answer:

Statement : Do not lean out of the door of the bus. - a warning in a school bus.

Assumptions:

I. Leaning out of a running bus is dangerous.

II. Children do not pay any heed to such warnings.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:if only assumption I is implicit
Explanation:
Leaning out of a running bus must be dangerous, otherwise the warning would not have been there. Hence I is implicit. But II is not implicit. If the authorities would have assumed that children do not pay any heed to such warning, they would not have put it up there.

Hence, option (A) is correct.
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4. Statements:
"œIf you ask me about the daunting challenges that I face, I would say that my government"™s first priority is to improve the existing law and order situation. Then follows the issue of prices of commodities." ___ Mr. ROY, a newly appointed PM of country CLINTON

Assumptions:
I. If a citizen of country CLINTON can sleep peacefully, he/she can then think of providing food to his/her family, ponder over education and move about freely in the country.
II. Prices of the commodities affect the common man greatly.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:If neither I nor II is implicit
Explanation:
I is not implicit. II is not implicit because the PM only assumes that law and order affects the common man more than prices do.
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5. Statements:
"œIf you have any unresolved consumer disputes, do not feel that you are helpless, do not hesitate to assert your rights. Approach the District Consumer Forum for speedy redressal." ____ Department of Consumer Affairs

Assumptions:
I. People don"™t want to approach consumer forum due to the red-tapism in procedure adopted by the forum.
II. Speedy redressal will attract more unresolved consumer disputes.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:If only assumption II is implicit
Explanation:
Assumption II is implicit.
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6. Statements:
"œWhy should we not protest? When we ask for drinking water they give us Pepsi and Coca-Cola". "“ A politician in an interview.

Assumptions:
I. Only drinking water is good for people"™s health.
II. Providing people with drinking water is more important than providing Pepsi and Coca-Cola.
III. Pepsi and Coca-Cola do not contain healthy drinking water.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:If only II is implicit
Explanation:
Only the IInd assumption will implicit.
Politician considers drinking water more important than Pepsi and Coca-Cola than only he shows anger. And 1st and IIIrd cannot be assumed because in 1st assumption “only” is mentioned and we cannot assume that Pepsi and Coca-Cola do not contain healthy drinking water.
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7. Statement: The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) has declared 2004 the International year of Rice, in an effort to highlight the increasing demands for rice among growing populations and production constraints for the commodity.


Assumptions:
I. There is an impending crisis of rice in several countries of the world
II. The year of Rice may act as a catalyst for country - driven programmes throughout the world.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:If only assumption I is implicit
Explanation:
Why has the FAO made such a declaration? and Why does it need worldwide efforts? Obviously, it must be assuming the problem quite alarming.
Hence, I is implicit and II is not necessarily valid.
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8. Statement: The traffic police department has put up huge notice board at all major junctions of the city, warning drivers to refrain from using cell phones while driving or else their licenses will be impounded.

Assumptions:
I. The drivers of the vehicles may ignore the warning and continue using cell phones while driving
II. The traffic police department may be able to nab most of the offenders and impound their licenses.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:If neither Assumption I nor II is implicit
Explanation:
Both Assumption I and II are invalid which does not follow the statement.
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9. Statement: "Completely eliminating the say of executive is not acceptable; merit, ability, competence, integrity and suitability of the candidate alone are not enough for appointment of High Court Judges." - A journalist.

Assumption:
I. A person's social outlook, concern for public interest and promotion of equality and his / her political outlook are also equally important
II. Executive consultation will ensure greater transparency of the appointment.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:If only assumption II is implicit
Explanation:
Here, I is not implicit because it goes into unnecessary details. II is implicit; that is why the speaker stresses on the role of executive in the appointment of High Court Judges.
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10. Statements: Police has served a notice to the residents with immediate effect to be careful of the anti — social elements wandering in their areas.

Assumptions:
I. The anti — social elements will run away to other areas.
II. The local residents will abide by the notice.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:If only assumption II is implicit.
Explanation:
Assumption I: is not implicit as it is not mentioned in the statement that anti social elements run away in other areas.

Assumption II: is implicit as residents have to abide the police notice.

Hence assumption II is implicit.
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11. Statement: The starvation deaths in Bundelkhand region are shocking. Such incidents should make people who waste food instead of sharing with poor, feel ashamed.

Assumptions:
I. The people who waste food are not ashamed.
II. All people are not aware of the shocking starvation death in dundelkhand.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:If only assumption I is implicit.
Explanation:
For I: The speaker is asking the people who waste food to feel ashamed, assuming that they do not feel ashamed. It is implicit.
For II: This assumption is irrelevant.
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12. Statement: "When forces like the special operation group (SOG) are set up, some excesses are bound to happen and some innocent suffer. But we should be satisfied with the success of this SOG". View of a citizen of an area where SOG has launched its operation.

Assumptions:
I. Seen in the larger interest of the people, agonies of the innocent is a small price to pay.
II It is quite difficult for SOG to get the desired result without any negative impact.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:If both assumption I and II is implicit
Explanation:
Assumption : is implicit as suffering of some people due to SOG leads to help a larger section of society and improves the country.

Assumption II : It is difficult for SOG to get the output without any negative comment as this helps them to get the variety of views and do their work sufficiently.

Hence, assumption II is also implicit. So, both I and II are implicit.
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13. Statement: The doctor warned the patient against any further consumption of alcohol, if he desired to get cured from the ailment and live a longer life.
Assumptions: I. The patient may follow the doctor's advice and stop consuming alcohol II. The doctor may be able to cure the patient from the ailment, if the patient stops consuming alcohol




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
Both I and II are implicit.
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14. Statement:
"The potential of knowledge as a creator of wealth is gaining currency all around the world." View of an economist

Assumptions:
I. Only usable knowledge that is protectable may have the potential of wealth creation.
II. Only usable knowledge that is protected may have the potential of wealth creation.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Neither I nor II is implicit
Explanation:
Neither I nor II is implicit.
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15. Statement:
The driver of the huge truck pulled the emergency brakes to avoid hitting the auto rickshaw which suddenly came in front of the truck.

Assumptions:
I. The auto rickshaw driver may be able to steer his vehicle away from the oncoming truck
II. The truck driver may be able to stop the truck before it hits the autorickshaw




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only assumption II is implicit
Explanation:
The driver does not have control on what the auto driver will do.
Hence, I is invalid. But II is a valid assumption because if one takes an action he assumes its outcome.
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16. Statement:
"Take a recruitment system, for example. The company would make an offer to somebody it had rejected three months ago! There was no recruitment database that kept record of that".

Assumption:
I. It is possible to devise a system which would indicate those applicants who were rejected earlier.
II. This company considers three months time too short a period to reconsider recruitment decision about a candidate.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:If only I is implicit
Explanation:
Clearly assumption I is implicit in the statement.
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17. Statement:
For a third time in a row this week, the Indira Gandhi International Airport was put on a full alert today after Air India received anonymous message that two terrorists laden with explosives were aboard its Mumbai-Delhi-Hong Kong flight. --- An authority of Indira Gandhi International Airport.

Assumption:
I. Anonymous message is not likely to be hoax call.
II. Anonymous message is likely to be hoax call.
III. Alertness might be helpful is reducing the menace.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only I & III
Explanation:
Why was the airport was put on a full alert? The authority must be assuming I. Hence, I is implicit but II is not. Again, to put the airport on a full alert indicates that the authority must be assuming III also.
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18. Statement:
Despite strong opposition, the controversial prohibition of forcible conversion of religion bill was passed by the Tamil Nadu assembly with the ADMK and BJP outvoting the combined opposition of the DMK, the congress, the TMC and the left parties. -A news.

Assumption:
I. Conversion creates resentment among several sections and also inflames religious passions, leading to communal clashes.
II. Conversion only lead to the isolation of the converted.
III. Strong opposition has puts hindrance before a bill in taking final shapes.
 




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only III
Explanation:
Only III is implicit. Note that the statement is a piece of news. What the journalist assumes about the conversion and its impact can’t be explicitly said. But the words “despite strong opposition” indicate that the journalist must be assuming III.
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19. Statements:
Aim for the stars, you will atleast land on the moon.

Assumptions:
I. People aim for the stars because they are bigger than the moon.
II. Astronomers aim for stars and land on the moon.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Neither assumption I nor II is implicit
Explanation:
Neither assumption I nor assumptions II is implicit in the statement.
The statement implies that one should set great target. If one would try to achieve great thing, he/she would get atleast something.
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20. Statements:
Good teachers develop good students.

Assumptions:
I. Strict teachers give quality education.
II. Students like knowledgeable teacher.




SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Neither assumption I nor II is implicit
Explanation:
Neither assumption I nor assumptions II is implicit in the statement.
Good teachers imparts quality education into students. Good teachers also strive for overall development of students.
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