Assumptions Questions and Answers updated daily – Logical Reasoning


Assumptions Questions and Answers updated daily – Logical Reasoning



193 Assumptions Questions and answers section with explanation for various online exam preparation, various interviews, Logical Reasoning Assumptions online test. Assumptions Questions with detailed description, explanation will help you to master the topic.

Assumptions Questions

1. Statement: "If it does not rain throughout this month, most farmers would be in trouble this year."

Assumptions:
I. Timely rain is essential for farming.
II. Most farmers are generally dependent on rains.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
It is mentioned that farmers will be in trouble without rain. This means that timely rain is essential. Also, it shows that farmers are dependent on rain. So, both I and II are implicit.


2. Statement: "Two months ago, it was announced that Central Government pensioners would get dearness relief with immediate effect but till date, banks have not credited the arrears." - A statement from a Pensioners' Forum.

Assumptions:
I. Most of the banks normally take care of the pensioners.
II. Two months time is sufficient for the government machinery to move and give effect to pensioners.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only assumption II is implicit
Explanation:
I is vague and so it is not implicit. The statement expresses grave concern over the pensioners not having received clearness relief even two months after the implementation of the policy. This implies that two months' time is sufficient and it's already too late. So, II is implicit.


3. Statement: The economic prosperity of any nation is dependent on the quality of its human resources.

Assumptions:
I. It is possible to measure the quality of human resources of a nation.
II. Achieving economic prosperity is a cherished goal of every nation.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only assumption I is implicit
Explanation:
I follows from the statement and so is implicit. But the status of economic prosperity as a nation's goal is not discussed in the statement. So, II is not implicit.


4. Statement: The taste of food contributes to the intake of nourishment which is essential for the survival of human beings.

Assumptions:
I. Human beings take food for the enjoyment of its taste.
II. Human beings experience the taste of food.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only assumption II is implicit
Explanation:
It is mentioned that nourishment is essential for survival. So, this is the basic cause of intake of food. Hence, I is not implicit. Since taste of food affects the intake of nourishment, it means that human beings are affected by taste. So, II is implicit.


5. Statement: In view of the violent situation due to students' agitation the state government has decided to close down all the educational institutions in the state for two weeks with immediate effect.

Assumptions:
I. The students' agitation may subside after two weeks.
II. The students may not find a place to come further and continue agitation after the closure of the educational institutions.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
Clearly, in such situations, closure is followed so as to prevent any untoward incident and with the hope that the stipulated time of closure is sufficient to settle the agitation by mutual talks or by adopting pressure tactics, as the agitators have no grounds to vent their anger due to closure of institutions. So, both I and II are implicit.


6. Statement: An advertisement: "Our shoes are for the rich."

Assumptions:
I. Many people like to be labelled as rich.
II. One can't become rich unless one has that brand of shoes.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only assumption I is implicit
Explanation:
The statement stresses on the point that this particular brand of shoes is worn by affluent and upper-class people as they are good-quality shoes. And an advertisement highlights the feature which most people desire. So, I is implicit.
But it doesn't mean that one has to have those shoes to be called 'rich'. So, II is not implicit.


7. Statement: Money is the root cause of all the problems in a family.

Assumptions:
I. Every problem is caused by something.
II. There are always some problems in a family.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Neither I nor II is implicit
Explanation:
The statement mentions the cause of family problems and does not deal with all the problems. So, I is not implicit. Also, it is mentioned that money is the cause of family problems. But this does not mean that problems always exist in a family. So, II is also not implicit.


8. Statement: The head of the organization congratulated the entire staff in his speech for their sincere effort to bring down the deficit and urged them to give their best for attaining a more profitable position in future.

Assumptions:
I. The employees may get motivated and maintain and if possible enhance their present level of work.
II. The employees may now relax and slow down in their day to day work as there is no immediate threat of huge deficit.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only assumption I is implicit
Explanation:
The appreciation received from the head of the organization would surely motivate the employees to keep up their spirits and strive hard for the progress of the organization. So, only I is implicit.


9. Statement: With a sense of sincerity, quality teachers can improve the society.

Assumptions:
I. Quality teachers are sincere.
II. Sincerity in teaching pays.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only assumption II is implicit
Explanation:
The statement emphasises that quality teachers can help reform society if they are sincere enough in teaching. This implies that quality teachers may or may not be sincere. So, I is not implicit. However, II directly follows from the statement and so it is implicit.


10. Statement: The improvement in the quality of T.V. programmes will lead to increase in the sales of T.V.

Assumptions:
I. T.V. is a good entertainment medium.
II. The quality of T.V, programmes has improved recently.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only assumption I is implicit
Explanation:
The improvement in quality of programmes will increase the sale shows that it is in great use. So, I is implicit. Nothing is mentioned of recent changes. So, II is not implicit.


11. Statement: An advertisement: If you want to follow the footprints of an ideal leader, wear 'X' brand of shoes.

Assumptions:
I. Most people like to become ideal leaders.
II. One can't become ideal leader unless one wears X brand of shoes.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only assumption I is implicit
Explanation:
Clearly, the advertisement mentioned here is merely a catchy slogan, and attempt has been made to touch the deep desire of the masses to draw their attention towards the product. So, only I is implicit.


12. Statement: "The programme will start at 6 p.m. but you can come there up to 7 p.m. or so and still there is no problem."

Assumptions:
I. The programme will continue even after 7 p.m.
II. The programme may not even start by that time.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only assumption I is implicit
Explanation:
The statement mentions that there is no problem if one comes upto 7 p.m. also. This means that the programme will continue even after 7 p.m. So, I is implicit. Also, it is clearly mentioned that the programme will start at 6 p.m. So, II is not implicit.


13. Statement: "Fly X airways whenever you decide to go places. Our fares are less than train fares."- An advertisement.

Assumptions:
I. People prefer to travel by air when the fares are reasonable.
II. The fares of other airlines are costlier than those of X airways.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
The advertisement highlights the fact that fares of X airways are less than train fares. This implies that people would prefer to travel by air rather than by train if they do not have to pay extra for it. So I is implicit. Besides, this feature also reveals that fares of X airways are lower than those of other airlines. So, II is also implicit.


14. Statement: The new education policy envisages major modifications in the education system.

Assumptions:
I. Present education system is inconsistent with national needs.
II. Present education system needs change.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
Clearly, modifications are made in present system finding that it was inconsistent with the needs and required to be changed. So, both I and II are implicit.


15. Statement: The higher echelons of any organization are expected to be models of observational learning and should not be considered as merely sources of reward and punishments.

Assumptions:
I. Employees are likely to be sensitive enough to learn by observing the behaviour of their bosses.
II. Normally bosses are considered as sources of reward and punishment.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
The statement advises people not to consider their bosses as mere 'supervisors' to control and assess their acts, but as 'models' to imitate in their working. So, both I and II are implicit.


16. Statement: "Get rid of your past for future, get our new generation fridge at a discount in exchange of old"- An advertisement.

Assumptions:
I. The sales of the new fridge may increase in the coming months.
II. People prefer to exchange future with past.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
Clearly, the scheme would encourage those owning an old fridge to go for a new one at a reasonable price without the hassles of disposing off the old one. So, I is implicit.
Besides, an advertisement highlights that which appeals to masses and which customers crave for. So, II is also implicit.


17. Statement: Amongst newspapers, I always read the National Times.

Assumptions:
I. The National Times gives very comprehensive news.
II. Some people prefer other newspapers.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only assumption II is implicit
Explanation:
The statement does not mention any quality of the National Times. So, I is not implicit. According to the statement, amongst all newspapers, the narrator reads the National Times. This means that some people read other newspapers. So, II is implicit.


18. Statement: Neither fascism nor communism has any chance of succeeding in America.

Assumptions:
I. American people are strongly in favour of preserving the rights of the individual.
II. Americans have so far not suffered any pangs of poverty or deprivation.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only assumption I is implicit
Explanation:
Clearly, fascism and communism are against the preservation of individual rights. So, I is implicit. Nothing is mentioned about the economic condition of America. So, II is not implicit.


19. Statement: The private bus service in the city has virtually collapsed because of the ongoing strike of its employees.

Assumptions:
I. Going on strikes has become the right of every employee.
II. People no more require the services of private bus operators.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Neither I nor II is implicit
Explanation:


20. Statement: The office building needs repairing just as urgently as it needs internal as well as external painting.

Assumptions:
I. Efficiency of people working in the office cannot be improved unless office building is repaired.
II. Repairing and painting of office building require funds.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Neither I nor II is implicit
Explanation:
Clearly, nothing can be deduced regarding the effect of repairs of office building on efficiency of workers, or the requirement of funds for repairs, from the given statement. So, neither I nor II is implicit.



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