Assumptions Questions and Answers updated daily – Logical Reasoning



288 Assumptions Questions and answers section with explanation for various online exam preparation, various interviews, Logical Reasoning Assumptions online test. Assumptions Questions with detailed description, explanation will help you to master the topic.

Assumptions Questions

1. Statement: To improve the employment situation in India, there is a need to recast the present educational system towards implementation of scientific discoveries in daily life.

Assumptions:
I. The students after completing such education may be able to earn their livelihood.
II. This may bring meaning of education in the minds of the youth.
III. The state may earn more revenue as more and more people will engage themselves in self-employment.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only I and II are implicit
Explanation:
The statement mentions that such education can improve employment situation. So, both I and II are implicit. Nothing about the aspect of revenue collection is mentioned in the statement. So, III is not implicit.


2. Statement: The employees association has appealed to the Managers of Company Z to introduce written examinations for clerical cadre recruitment to prevent selection of incompetent persons.

Assumptions:
I. So far the Company Z used to select candidates without conducting a written examination.
II. A written examination can help to identify competent persons.
III. At higher level, written examination may not be of much use.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only I and II are implicit
Explanation:
An appeal has been made to 'introduce' written examination. This means that so far written examination was not conducted. So, I is implicit. II follows directly from the statement and so it is implicit. However, nothing can be deduced about the mode of selection at higher level. So, III is not implicit.


3. Statement: Unable to manage with the present salary, Arun has decided to join another company.

Assumptions:
I. The new company has better work environment.
II. The present company offers moderate pay packets.
III. The new company offers higher salary to all its employees.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only II is implicit
Explanation:
Nothing about the environment in the new company is mentioned in the statement. So, I is not implicit. Since Arun is not satisfied with the present Salary, it is evident that the present company offers moderate pay packets. So, II is implicit. The statement talks only of Arun and not all the employees of the new company. So, III is not implicit.


4. Statement: "Buy pure and natural honey of company X." - An advertisement in a newspaper.

Assumptions:
I. Artificial honey can be prepared.
II. People do not mind paying more for pure and natural honey.
III. No other company supplies pure honey.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only I is implicit
Explanation:
Artificial honey can be made. That is why the word 'natural' needs to be mentioned in the advertisement. So, I is implicit. No comparison is made of the prices of natural and artificial honey. So, II is not implicit. Nothing about the quality of honey of other companies can be deduced. So, III is also not implicit.


5. Statement: The X passenger car manufacturing company announced a sharp reduction in the prices of its luxury cars.

Assumptions:
I. There may be an increase in the sale of luxury cars of Company X.
II. The other such car manufacturers may also reduce their prices.
III. The competitor companies may not reduce their prices.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:None of these
Explanation:
The reduction in prices is clearly a step to promote sales of the company. So, I is implicit. However, other companies may or may not follow the same pursuit. So, either II or III is implicit.


6. Statement: The economic condition continues to be critical even after a good harvest season.

Assumptions:
I. The economic condition was not critical before the harvest season.
II. The economic condition could not have improved without a good harvest season.
III. The economic condition was expected to improve after a good harvest season.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only III is implicit
Explanation:
It is mentioned that 'the economic condition continues to be critical'. This means that it was critical before the harvest season also. So, I is not implicit. Also, the statement does not imply that only a good harvest season could improve the economic condition. So, II is not implicit. However, since a surprise has been expressed over the condition being critical even after a good harvest season, it means that it was expected to improve after a good harvest season. So, III is implicit.


7. Statement: The company has recently announced a series of incentives to the employees who are punctual and sincere.

Assumptions:
I. Those who are not punctual at present may get motivated by the announcement.
II. The productivity of the company may increase.
III. The profit earned by the company may be more than the amount to be spent for the incentive programmes.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only I and II are implicit
Explanation:
Announcing incentives for punctual and sincere employees would surely motivate more and more employees to be punctual, and this will ensure productivity. So, both I and II are implicit. However, the statement does not give any information about the profit earned by the company. So, III is not implicit.


8. Statement: An advertisement: Now you can own a new car in just Rs. 1,999 per month.

Assumptions:
I. People aspire for owning a car.
II. People do not want to buy used cars.
III. Most people can afford to pay Rs. 1,999 per month for a new car.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:All are implicit
Explanation:
The advertisement has been given seeing the demand for cars. So, I is implicit. The advertisement stresses on 'owning a new car'. This implies that people would prefer to buy a new car rather than a used one, provided it suits their budget. So, II is implicit. The words 'just Rs. 1,999 per month' in the statement make III implicit.


9. Following question consists of a statement followed by three assumptions numbered I, II and III. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. 

Statement: Give this packet to Mr. X at his residence and return immediately. In case you are likely to be late inform me - Mr. A tells his clerk.

Assumptions:
I. The clerk never informs about his late coming.
II. The clerk may not obey Mr. A's instructions.
III. The clerk may not inform his late coming unless instructed.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only III is implicit
Explanation:
Clearly, the statement is merely a reminder. So, I is not implicit. Besides, the clerk is expected to execute his boss' order. So, II is not implicit. Also, a hunch that the clerk may not inform about his late coming has led Mr. A to instruct the clerk to do so. So, III is implicit.


10. Statement: Considering the tickets sold during the last seven days, the circus authorities decided to continue the show for another fortnight which includes two weekends.

Assumptions:
I. People may not turn up on weekdays.
II. The average number of people who will be visiting circus will be more or less same as that of the last seven days.
III. There may not be enough response at other places.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only II is implicit
Explanation:
Clearly, the fortnight would include weekdays also. So, I is not implicit. Also, the authorities decided to continue the show with the hope that people would visit the circus in the same numbers as they had done in the last seven days. So, II is implicit. III is vague and so is not implicit.


11. Statement: State Council For Teacher Education (SCTE) has laid down guidelines in respect of minimum qualifications for a person to be employed as a teacher in universities or in recognised institutions.

Assumptions:
I. The authorities will now appoint only qualified teachers.
II. Only qualified people will apply for the teaching post.
III. SCTE decides all the norms of educational qualifications for teaching faculty.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:All are implicit
Explanation:
Since the SCTE has laid down the necessary qualifications for a person to be employed as a teacher in all universities and institutions, so all are implicit.


12. Statement: The civic authority has decided that all the factories located inside the city limits be shifted outside to reduce the level of environmental pollution in the city.

Assumptions:
I. The pollution level in the city in future may reduce after these factories are shifted outside the city limit.
II. Enough usable land is available outside the city limit for these factories.
III. Many of these factories may shift to some other smaller towns to remain profitable.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only I and II are implicit
Explanation:
I directly follows from the statement and so is implicit. The decision to shift factories on the outskirts of the city must have been taken after taking into account the availability of land there So, II is implicit. Nothing can be assumed as to what strategy would the factory owners adopt in future. So, III is not implicit.


13. Statement: Quality of life of a person is not dependent only on his wealth.

Assumptions:
I. The aim of most people is just to acquire more wealth.
II. There are some factors other than wealth which contribute to the quality of life.
III. Wealth does not contribute to the quality of life at all.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only II is implicit
Explanation:
Clearly, I does not follow from the statement. So, it is not implicit. The statement mentions that quality of life does not depend only on wealth. This means that there are some other factors as well, which govern the quality of life. But this does not imply that wealth does not contribute at all. So, II is implicit while III is not.


14. Statement: "Use Riya cold cream for fair complexion." - An advertisement.

Assumptions:
I. People like to use cream for fair complexion.
II. People are easily fooled.
III. People respond to advertisements.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only I and III are implicit
Explanation:
Assumption I follows from the statement and so it is implicit. II is vague and so it is not implicit. Also, advertisements are given with the hope that people would know the qualities of the product and buy it. So, III is implicit.


15. Statement: "If you are a mechanical engineer, we want you as our supervisor." - An advertisement by Company X.

Assumptions:
I. Mechanical engineers are expected to be better performers by Company X.
II. The Company X needs supervisors.
III. Mechanical engineers may get attracted and apply to Company X.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:All are implicit
Explanation:
Clearly, the company lends more importance to mechanical engineers. This shows that they are believed to perform better. So, I is implicit. Also, the advertisement is given because the company needs supervisors. So, II is implicit. Further, the advertisement is meant to attract only mechanical engineers for the vacancy in company X. Hence, III is also implicit.


16. Statement: Bill Clinton is the second democrat to be re-elected as President of America, the other being the legendary Roosevelt.

Assumptions:
I. Clinton has the same qualities that Roosevelt had.
II. The majority of people in America have faith in Clinton.
III. The election campaign of Clinton's rivals was not impressive.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only II is implicit
Explanation:
The statement simply mentions that Clinton and Roosevelt were the only two persons who were re-elected as President of America. But this does not imply that they were liked by the public for the same reasons or qualities. So, I is not implicit. However, it is clear that that majority of people adore Clinton. So, II is implicit. Nothing about the reasons of Clinton's victory or the election campaign of Clinton's rivals can be assumed from the given statement. So, III is not implicit.


17. Statement: A State Government suspended two additional district judges.

Assumptions:
I. They were negligent in discharging duties.
II. There was a charge of misconduct against them.
III. The government officials were biased against them.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Either I or II is implicit
Explanation:
A person holding an office is generally suspended on charges of misconduct or negligence of duty. So, either I or II is implicit. III seems to be vague and so it is not implicit.


18. Statement: The successful man has the ability to judge himself correctly.

Assumptions:
I. Inability to judge correctly causes failure.
II. To judge others is of no use to a successful man.
III. The successful man cannot make a wrong judgement.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:All are implicit
Explanation:
Assumptions I and III directly follow from the statement and so both are implicit. Also, the basic quality of a successful man is that he can judge himself. This means that he need not judge others. So, II is also implicit.


19. Statement: Ten candidates, who were on the waiting list, could finally be admitted to the course.

Assumptions:
I. Wait-listed candidates do not ordinarily get admission.
II. A large number of candidates were on the waiting list.
III. The number of candidates to be admitted is small.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:None is implicit
Explanation:
Since the wait-listed candidates have been admitted, so I is not implicit. Also, nothing about the number of candidates on the waiting list or the number to be admitted can be deduced from the statement. So, neither II nor III is implicit.


20. Statement: The university Authority has decided to decentralize conduct of terminal examinations and give this responsibility to each college for its students to avoid delay in declaration of results.

Assumptions:
I. The colleges are equipped to carry out this responsibility.
II. There may not be uniformity in evaluation standard across the colleges.
III. The students may welcome this new development.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only I and III are implicit
Explanation:
The university must have taken this decision keeping in mind the efficiency of the colleges. So, I is implicit II is vague and is not implicit. The statement mentions that the new policy would help avoid delay in declaration of results. So, III is also implicit.





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