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Assumptions Questions

1. Statement: The school authorities have decided to increase the number of students in each classroom to seventy from the next academic session to bridge the gap between the income and the expenditure to a large extent.

Assumptions:
I. The income generated by way of fees of the additional students will be sufficient enough to bridge the gap.
II. The school will get all the additional students in each class from the next academic session.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only assumption I is implicit
Explanation:
Clearly, increasing the number of children in each class would increase the income and reduce the expenditure per child. But the response to the school's decision cannot be deduced. So, only I is implicit.


2. Statement: Market trends are changing continuously and with increasing competitiveness, the consumer's demands with respect to the prices and quality are gradually increasing.

Assumptions:
I. The consumers did not care for the prices and quality earlier.
II. Market competitiveness is not favourable for the consumers.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Neither I nor II is implicit
Explanation:
The statement talks of 'increasing demands' of consumers. It does not imply that consumers were indifferent to price and quality earlier. So, I is not implicit.
Besides, the statement mentions I that increasing competitiveness has made available to consumers a wide variety of options which has led them to comparing things and choosing the one which best suits their requirements and budget. They are thus getting better 'value for their money'. So, II is also not implicit.


3. Statement: The multinational fast food chains are opening up a large number of Plus Coffee Shops with piped modern music in different cities of India and these are serving various breakfast (snax) with coffee.

Assumptions:
I. A large number of persons may become regular customers of these coffee shops.
II. The people will like to enjoy the comfortable environment while drinking coffee with snax.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
The concept of Plus Coffee Shops has been attracted to draw in more customers by providing a calm, soothing, musical environment along with a wide variety of breakfast. So, both I and II are implicit.


4. Statement: What a fool I am to rely on trickster like Shaleen !

Assumptions:
I. Shaleen is unreliable.
II. I am a fool.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
Since one condemns oneself to rely on Shaleen, so I is implicit. The statement mentions that it was foolish to rely on Shaleen. So, the person is a fool. Thus, II is implicit.


5. Statement: The 'M' Cooperative Housing Society has put up a notice at its gate those sales persons are not allowed inside the society.

Assumptions:
I. All the sales persons will stay away from the 'M' Cooperative Housing Society.
II. The security guard posted at the gate may be able to stop the sales persons entering the society.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:


6. Statement: "Banking services are fine tuned to meet growing business needs," - An advertisement.

Assumptions:
I. Banking is a part of business activity
II. Industrialists prefer better banking services.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
According to the statement, banking is associated with business activity. So, I is implicit. Banking is adjusted in a way to promote business needs. This means that business is promoted by better banking. So, II is also implicit.


7. Statement: An announcement: Passengers in their own interest are advised to fasten their seat belts while seated in the trolley of the ropeway.

Assumptions:
I. People are always careful about their own safety.
II. Unless advised, passengers might not use the seat belts.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
The stress on 'in their own interest' in the statement indicates that people should use seat belts for their own safety. So, I is implicit. Besides, the announcement has been made to caution passengers to be careful if they want to enjoy a safe ride. So, II is also implicit.


8. Statement: "In my absence, I request you to look after the affairs of our company." - B tells C.

Assumptions:
I. C may not accept the request of B.
II. C has the expertise to handle the affairs of the company.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only assumption II is implicit
Explanation:
C's response to B's request cannot be deduced from the statement. So, I is not implicit. Also, B wishes to authorise C to look after the company in his absence. This means that C is capable of handling the affairs. So, II is implicit.


9. Statement: Retired persons should not be appointed for executive posts in other organisations.

Assumptions:
I. Retired persons may lack the zeal and commitment to carry out executive's work.
II. Retired persons do not take interest in the work and welfare of the new organisation.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Neither I nor II is implicit
Explanation:


10. Statement: Do not copy our software without our permission - A notice.

Assumptions:
I. It is possible to copy the software.
II. Such warning will have some effect.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
Since the notice warns one against copying software without permission, it is evident that software can be copied. So, I is implicit. Also, the warning is given with the motive that no one dares to copy the software. So, II is also implicit.


11. Statement: "Best way to solve this problem of workers' dissatisfaction is to offer them cash rewards. If this type of incentive can solve the problem in CIDCO Company then why not here." - A Personnel Manager tells the Chairman of a company.

Assumptions:
I. The reason for workers' dissatisfaction in both the companies was similar.
II. Monetary incentives have universal appeal.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
Since the policy is expected to work just because it turned out fruitful in another company, it is evident that the problem in both companies was similar and monetary incentives always motivate workers. So, both I and II are implicit.


12. Statement: The government is making efforts to boost tourism in State X.

Assumptions:
I. Tourism in State X dropped following political unrest.
II. Special discounts in the air fare have been announced.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Neither I nor II is implicit
Explanation:
Efforts are being made to boost tourism does not mean that tourism has dropped. So, I is not implicit. Also, the statement mentions nothing about discounts in air fare. So, II is also not implicit.


13. Statement: "According to me, you should get your child examined by a specialist doctor." - A tells B.

Assumptions:
I. Specialist doctors are able to diagnose better than ordinary doctors.
II. B will certainly not agree with A's advice.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only assumption I is implicit
Explanation:
The advice particularly mentions 'a specialist doctor' and not simply 'doctor'. So, I is implicit, B's response to A's advice cannot be deduced from the given statement. So, II is not implicit.


14. Statement: Children, who get encouragement, usually perform better. - A note by the Principal to the parents.

Assumptions:
I. Some parents do not encourage children.
II. Parents may follow Principal's advice.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
The statement talks of the performance of children who get encouragement. It means that there are some children who are not encouraged. So, I is implicit. Also, the Principal notifies to the parents that encouragement helps children improve their performance, with the hope that they too would encourage their children. So, II is also implicit.


15. Statement: A Notice Board at a ticket window: Please come in queue.'

Assumptions:
I. Unless instructed people will not form queue.
II. People any way want to purchase tickets.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
The instructions have been given so that people willing to buy tickets may not form a crowd. So, I is implicit. Also, it is clear that people would purchase the tickets even after following the given instructions. So, II is also implicit.


16. Statement: Interview conducted for selecting people for jobs should measure personality characteristics of candidates.

Assumptions:
I. Performance on job depends on personality characteristics.
II. Personality characteristics can be measured in interview.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
According to the statement, the personality characteristics of candidates should be essentially measured in interviews before selection for jobs. So, both I and II are implicit.


17. Statement: The President assured the people that elections will be held here after every five years,

Assumptions:
I. People are afraid that the elections may not be held at all.
II. People are afraid that the elections may not be held after five years.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Either I or II is implicit
Explanation:
Clearly, the statement is made to eliminate the fear of the people that the elections may not be held at all or they may not be held after five years. So, either I or II is implicit.


18. Statement: World Health Organisation has decided to double its assistance to various health programmes in India as per-capita expenditure on health in India is very low compared to many other countries.

Assumptions:
I. The enhanced assistance may substantially increase the per-capita expenditure on health in India and bring it on par with other countries.
II. The Government funding is less than adequate to provide medical facilities in India.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Both I and II are implicit
Explanation:
The fact that WHO has extended its assistance to India implies that government funding here is not adequate. So, II is implicit. Besides, WHO has decided to provide assistance to health programmes in India keeping in mind the considerably low per-capita expenditure on health. So, I is also implicit.


19. Statement: A good book, even if costly, is sold.

Assumptions:
I. Some books are better than others.
II. Most of the books are costly.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Only assumption I is implicit
Explanation:
The statement talks about a 'good' book. This means that some books may not be good. So, I is implicit. The words 'if costly' show that most books are not costly. So, II is not implicit.


20. Statement: Municipal Corporation has decided to ban the entry of vehicles from sub-urban areas to the main city through main routes during peak hours to avoid traffic congestion.

Assumptions:
I. The people of sub-urban areas should not bring their vehicles during peak hours.
II. There is no traffic congestion by the vehicles of people residing in the main city.



SHOW ANSWER
Correct Ans:Neither I nor II is implicit
Explanation:
It is mentioned that entry only through main routes has been banned. So, I is not implicit. Besides, the entry has been banned to reduce the volume of traffic on roads and ease congestion. It could only be done at the entrances to the city and not within the city itself. So, congestion by the city vehicles is unavoidable. Hence, II is also not implicit.



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