National Health Mission Assam (NRHM) was launched in 2005. Its introduction became necessary because our health indicators were poor. In 2005, before NRHM intervention 68 infants were dying out of every one thousand born and Maternal Mortality Ratio was also as high as 480 maternal deaths per one lakh live birth during 2004-06. The decadal population growth rate was also high as Total Fertility Rate was 2.9. Moreover, the disease burden of the State was quite high due to communicable & non-communicable preventable diseases like Malaria and other vector borne diseases, Tuberculosis, Leprosy, etc. Therefore, it mainly aims to reduce the IMR of the State to 32, MMR to 177 and TFR to 2.1 by the year 2017, as per the Govt. of India targets set in 12 th Five Year Plan, and also to reduce the disease burden by supporting and co-coordinating with specific programmes of the diseases under National Disease Control Programmes (NDCP) of NRHM.