National Research Centre (NRC) for Orchids was established by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) during VIIIth Five Year Plan at Pakyong, Sikkim since October 1996. The state of Sikkim has handed over 22.19 acres of land with all other assets belonging to Regional Agricultural Centre at Pakyong on lease basis for 99 years. The Director General, ICAR, New Delhi visited and inaugurated this centre when visited Gangtok (5th October, 1996) to attend Regional Commitee meeting of Zone III. Since then the centre is undertaking mission oriented research programme on crop improvement, crop production and post harvest managemaent. In October 1997, the centre also took over the Darjeeling centre of C.P.R.I. Shimla.