Who: 1.5 billion US dollar loan
What: Approved by World Bank
When: 15 December 2015
Why: To support Clean India Campaign
The World Bank on 15 December 2015 approved a 1.5 billion US dollar loan for the ambitious Clean India Campaign (Swachh Bharat Mission). The loan was granted to support the government in its efforts to ensure all citizens in rural areas have access to improved sanitation and end the practice of open defecation by 2019.
The loan will be used for Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) Support Operation Project.
Highlights of the 1.5 billion US dollar World Bank program for SBM
• The project will promote behaviour change among rural communities and help accelerate results in India’s states by giving them performance-based incentives.
• A national sample-survey of rural sanitation will be conducted every year by independent third-party agencies.
• Based on the survey findings, the World Bank will release funds to the Government of India. The Union Government will in turn pass on the funds to the states, based on their performance on certain parameters every year.
• The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MDWS) will play the overseeing and coordinating role for the programme and support the participating states.
• Funds will also be used to develop the capacity of MDWS in program management, advocacy, monitoring and evaluation.
Sanitation in India
• As per the statistics of the World Bank, of the 2.4 billion people who lack access to improved sanitation globally, more than 750 million live in India, with 80 percent living in rural areas.
• More than 500 million of the rural population in India continue to defecate in the open, suffering from preventable deaths, illness, stunting, harassment and economic losses.
• In rural India, three out of five people suffer the indignity of defecating in the open.
• Girls and women have to venture out before dawn or after dark, leaving them vulnerable to harassment.
• One in every ten deaths in India is linked to poor sanitation.
• India loses the equivalent of 6 percent of GDP due to inadequate sanitation.
About Swachh Bharat Mission
• Swachh Bharat Mission was launched on 2 October 2014 by the Government of India.
• It is India’s biggest ever cleanliness drive to improve sanitation in the country.
• The mission aims to end open defecation, achieve open defecation free communities, and improve the management of liquid and solid wastes.
• The program plans to construct 12 crore toilets in rural India by October 2019, at a projected cost of 1.96 lakh crore rupees.