Who: UP Revenue Code (Amendment) Ordinance 2015
What: Recieved assent of Governor Ram Naik
When: 15 December 2015
Uttar Pradesh (UP) Governor Ram Naik on 15 December 2015 gave his consent to the UP Revenue Code (Amendment) Ordinance 2015 proposed by state government. The proposed ordinance will enable Dalits of the state to sell their land to non-Dalits without approval of the administration.
Bill to this ordinance was passed by the Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav Cabinet in November 2015.
Features of the Ordinance
• It allows Dalits to sell their land to non-Dalist even if their remaining holding is less than 3.5 acres. The non-amended land revenue law didn’t allowed Dalits to sell their land to OBCs and Upper Castes, if their remaining land was less than 3.5 acres.
• It would bring changes in prevailing revenue laws dating to the British era, speeding up disposal of litigations in rural areas over land ownership
• The first provision will ensure that owners lease out their land for share-cropping without the fear of losing it after 12 years.
• The second one will protect those who actually do the farming against calamities
• It empowers rural women, as the new provisions ensure that wife gets equal rights on the gram samaj land given out on a lease. Earlier, women didn’t have their name on such lease.
• It paves way for setting up of a new judicial cadre to look after land revenue disputes.
• It seeks to end disputes in cases of partnership
The amendment was pending since 2006 when Mulayam Singh government had proposed it. However, it was not implemented due to government change in 2007. In 2012, the Akhilesh government restarted the process and took president’s assent to it.
It went to president as the ordinance involved repealing of more than 39 land related Acts. This comprised of 34 Acts of UP and five Acts applicable in Uttarakahnd as the Acts were formulated when state was undivided.
This is probably the first time since the Zamindari Abolition Act 1952 that such drastic changes have been introduced in the land revenue rules.