Who: National Health Profile 2015
What: Released by Union Government
When: 22 September 2015
The Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare JP Nadda on 22 September 2015 released the National Health Profile (NHP) 2015 prepared by the Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI). The E-book (digital version) of NHP was also released for the first time. This is the 11th edition of NHP.
The National Health Profile covers demographic, socio-economic, health status and health finance indicators, along with comprehensive information on health infrastructure and human resources in health.
NHP 2015 for the first time also incorporates the health data from ESIC and Railways.
The NHP 2015 indicates that significant progress has been made in the country for various health outcomes, which is an encouraging signal.
Highlights of the National Health Profile 2015
• Every government hospital serves an estimated 61000 people in India with one bed for every 1833 people.
• In undivided Andhra Pradesh, every government hospital serves over 3 lakh patients while in Bihar; there is only one bed for every 8800 people.
• Every government allopathic doctor serves a population of over 11000 people, with Bihar and Maharashtra having the worst ratios.
• India now has cumulatively 9.4 lakh allopathic doctors, 1.54 lakh dental surgeons and 7.37 lakh AYUSH doctors of who more than half are Ayurvedic doctors.
• India’s 400 medical colleges admit an estimated 47000 students annually.
• As per NHP 2015 data, there will be 19 percent increase in cancer among men by 2020 with mouth cancer registering the highest spike and a 23 percent increase among women with gall bladder cancer showing the sharpest increase.
• The cancer incidence in men will rise from the current 522164 to 622203 in 2020.
• Despite the countrywide ban on gutkha, mouth cancer will register a 51 percent jump.
• There will be a 48 percent increase in prostate cancer, 31 percent increase in liver cancer and 22 percent increase in lung cancer.
Spread of Communicable diseases in India as per NHP 2015
• Deaths from most communicable diseases have been falling steadily in India. Despite recording over 10 lakh cases, deaths from malaria are officially down to just over 500 annually.
• Odisha accounted for over one in three cases of malaria in 2014.
• The number of recorded chikungunya cases has fallen since a 2010 outbreak, but Maharashtra accounts for nearly half of all cases.
• Just over 40000 cases of dengue were officially reported in 2014 and 131 deaths.
• While the number of cases of Acute Diarrhoeal Disease has risen every year to 1.16 crore in 2014, mortality from the disease has been steadily declining.
• However, 2014 saw a sharp spike in cases and deaths due to Acute Encephalitis Syndrome, a disease concentrated in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Assam, and West Bengal.
• Japanese Encephalitis concentrated in Assam and Uttar Pradesh also rose last year.
• Pulmonary tuberculosis remains the biggest communicable disease killer in India, accounting for over 63000 deaths in 2014.
About National Health Profile
• The National Health Profile is released every year by CBHI since its launch in 2005.
• It helps in understanding the goals, our strengths and weaknesses and it is also an important means to strategize. Good compiled data enables the policymakers to make evidence-based policies.
• The data is not only important for understanding the health indicators of the country, but it also provides an opportunity to monitor the situation.
• It highlights substantial health information under 6 indicators viz. demographic, socio-economic, health finance and health status indicators, comprehensive information on health infrastructure and human resources in health in India.