Union Cabinet approved Amendments in the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950

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Who: Amendments in the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950
What: Approved by Union Cabinet
When: 16 December 2015

Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 16 Decemeber 2015 gave its approval for introduction of a Bill in the Parliament for Amendments in the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950.

The bill seeks to modify the list of Scheduled Castes in respect of Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Kerala, Odisha and West Bengal and in the Central List of Other Backward Classes (OBCs) of Chhattisgarh, Haryana and Kerala consequent upon inclusion of certain castes or parts thereof in the lists of Scheduled Castes.

The following castes/ communities, as per approved modalities, were found to be eligible for their inclusion in, exclusion from and other modifications in the list of Scheduled Castes:

 

State Inclusion/ Exclusion/Other modification Community
Chhattisgarh

 

Inclusion

 

(i) Sais, Sahis, Sarathi, Soot-Sarathi, Thanwar

 

Haryana

 

Inclusion

 

(ii) Aheria, Aheri, Hari, Heri, Thori, Turi

 

 

 

 

 

(iii) Rai Sikh

 

Kerala

 

Modification in the area of specification

 

(iv)Malayan

 

 

 

Inclusion

 

(v)Peruvannan

 

Odisha

 

Exclusion

 

(vi) Bariki

 

 

 

 

 

(vii)Kummari
West Bengal

 

Removal of area restriction

 

(viii) Chain

 

After the Bill becomes an Act, members of the communities included in the list of Scheduled Castes will be able to derive benefits meant for Scheduled Castes under the existing schemes like Post Matric Scholarship, National Overseas Scholarship, Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship and others. They will also be entitled to the benefits of reservation in services and admission to educational institutions.

Background

The Constitution of India provides certain privileges/concessions to the members of Scheduled Castes which are notified under the provisions of Article 341 of the Constitution of India.

First list of Scheduled Castes in relation to a State or Union Territory was issued by a notified Order of the President after having consultation with the State Government concerned. Between 1950 and 1978, six Presidential Orders were issued for specifying Scheduled Castes in respect of various States/Union territories.

Between 1956 and 2015, inclusion in or exclusion from the list of Scheduled Castes has been effected through an Act of Parliament as envisaged under clause (2) of Article 341.

The Government approved Modalities in June 1999, as amended in June 2002, for considering proposals in regard to modifications in the lists of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.

According to the approved Modalities, amending legislation to the concerned Constitution Order is proposed only in respect of such proposals of the concerned State Government/Union Territory Administration, which have been agreed to both by the Registrar General of India (RGI) as well as the National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC).