United Nations Committee Against Torture (UNCAT) on 9 December 2015 called on China to halt the torture of detainees and oppression of human rights activists, saying the practice remains prevalent.
The outcome report is based on the findings of survey of eight countries that were examined during its session from 9 November to 9 December 2015. The eight countries were Liechtenstein, Azerbaijan, Austria, Denmark, China, Hong Kong China, Macao China and Jordan.
Highlights of China’s fifth review under Convention against Torture are:
• The report gives Beijing one year to make progress towards complying with the Convention Against Torture.
• The Committee said it remains seriously concerned over consistent reports indicating that the practice of torture and ill-treatment is still deeply entrenched in the criminal justice system, which overly relies on confessions as the basis for convictions.
• About 200 lawyers have been rounded up in China since July 2015, of which at least 25 remain in detention.
• It also voiced alarm over the high number of deaths in custody.
• The absence of accountability and need for broad legal reform to eradicate torture in the country, Human Rights Watch.
• China has shown no serious willingness to adopt the independent experts’ recommendations to eradicate torture and ill-treatment in detention.
• The report details the Chinese government’s unwillingness to provide critical data about the number of allegations of torture in detention and the efficacy of the exclusionary rule in protecting criminal suspects from abuse.
• It raises concerns about the crackdown on human rights lawyers, and about the torture of 1989 Tiananmen Square protesters, and refugees forcibly returned to North Korea.
United Nation Committee Against Torture (UNCAT)
The he Committee Against Torture (CAT) is the body of 10 independent experts that monitors implementation of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment by its State parties.