Who: Process to formulate new constitution
Where: Sri Lankan Parliament
When: 9 January 2016
Why: To replace the 1978 Constitution
Sri Lanka on 9 January 2016 began the process to formulate new constitution. In this regard, the Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe presented a resolution in the Parliament to set up a Constitutional Assembly.
The primary objective behind framing the new constitution is to replace the current executive president headed constitution adopted in 1978.
The present constitution, especially the powerful nature of the Presidency, has become controversial due to the growing authoritarian tendencies in a single office.
Details related to constitution making process
• The proposed Constitutional Assembly (CA) will consist of incumbent members of parliament as its members.
• The CA will evolve a Constitution Bill, as per the Article 75 of the Constitution, after the completion of deliberations and collecting views and advice from the people.
• The Speaker of Parliament will be the Chairman of the Constitutional Assembly and there will be seven Deputy Chairmen of the Constitutional Assembly, who shall be elected by the Constitutional Assembly.
• However, the primary responsibility of drafting the constitution will rest on a steering committee of 17 members.
• To come into effect, the draft Constitution Bill should be approved the Parliament with a special majority followed by a referendum.