Who: Decision to amend the Constitution to address Madhesis’ demands
What: Approved by the Cabinet of Nepal
When: 20 December 2015
Government of Nepal on 20 December 2015 decided to amend the Constitution to address two key demands of agitating Madhesis regarding proportional representation and constituency delimitation.
A decision in this regard was approved at an emergency cabinet meeting held at Singha Durbar in Kathmandu.
The decision to amend the constitution assumes significance against the backdrop of continuing agitation by Madhesis’, since the adoption of the Constitution on 20 September 2015, which led to death of around 50 civilians.
Why Madhesis’ are agitating?
The Madhesi people inhabit the flat southern region of Nepal known as the Madhesh.
Their dissatisfaction with the new Constitution was with the fact thatthe Pahadi or hill communities, who constitute 50 percent of the population, got 100 seats in the parliament, while Madhesis’ got only 65 seats.
Secondly, Madhesis’ were also fighting against the Constitutional scheme related to proposed boundaries of the new provinces.
Unlike the earlier structure in which majority Madhesis’ were within a single administrative region, the new schemes proposes its split in two and force them to share their provinces with hill districts.