Who: Intended Nationally Determined Contributions/INDCs
What: Submitted by India
When: 2 October 2015
Why: As per the UNFCC mandate
India on 2 October 2015 submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. These INDCs are for the period between 2015 and 2030.
With the presentation of its INDCs, India set its tone for the Conference of Parties-21 (COP-21) in Paris that is scheduled to meet in December 2015 to adopt an environmental new protocol for post-2020 (post Kyoto Protocol) scenario.
So far, 119 parties to the UNFCCC, out of 192 member countries, have formally submitted their INDCs.
Some of the salient points of the INDCs are
• To put forward and further propagate a healthy and sustainable way of living based on traditions and values of conservation and moderation.
• To adopt a climate-friendly and a cleaner path than the one followed hitherto by others at corresponding level of economic development
• To reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 per cent by 2030 from 2005 level
• To achieve about 40 per cent cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel based energy resources by 2030, with the help of transfer of technology and low cost international finance, including from Green Climate Fund
• To create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030 that will translate into increase of about 680 – 817 million tonne of carbon stock
• To better adapt to climate change by enhancing investments in development programmes in sectors vulnerable to climate change, particularly agriculture, water resources, Himalayan region, coastal regions, health and disaster management.
• To mobilize domestic and new and additional funds from developed countries to implement the above mitigation and adaptation actions in view of the resource required and the resource gap
• As per preliminary estimates, 2.5 trillion US dollars (at 2014-15 prices) required for meeting India’s climate change actions between 2015 and 2030
• To build capacities, create domestic framework and international architecture for quick diffusion of cutting edge climate technology in India and for joint collaborative R&D for such future technologies.
• India also pledged to adopt a climate friendly and a cleaner path to development than the one followed hitherto by others at corresponding level of economic development
In addition to the above commitments, the submission also delineated India’s ongoing eco-friendly programmes and schemes Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission, Swachh Bharat Mission, Cleaning of River projects including National Mission for Clean Ganga, etc.