Who: Former UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali
Where: Cairo, Egypt
When: 16 February 2016
The former United Nations Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali passed away on 16 February 2016 in Cairo, Egypt. He was 93.
Boutros-Ghali served as UN Chief from January 1992 to December 1996 and became the first secretary general to be deprived of a second term as he struggled to impose the UN’s writ in a post-cold war world. He was the first African to hold the position. He helped secure peace deals between Israel and Egypt.
Who was Boutros Boutros-Ghali?
• Born on 14 November 1922 in Cairo, Egypt, Boutros Boutros-Ghali was an Egyptian politician and diplomat who was the sixth Secretary-General of the UN.
• An academic and former Vice Foreign Minister of Egypt, he oversaw the UN at a time when it dealt with several world crises, including the break-up of Yugoslavia and the Rwandan Genocide.
• In 1992, he submitted An Agenda for Peace, a suggestion for how the UN could respond to violent conflict. However, he was criticised for the UN’s failure to act during the 1994 Rwandan Genocide, which officially left over one million people dead, and he appeared unable to muster support in the UN for intervention in the continuing Angolan Civil War.
• He was then the first Secretary-General of the Organisationinternationale de la Francophonie from November 1997 to December 2002.
• He supported the Campaign for the Establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly and was one of the initial signatories of the Campaign’s appeal in 2007.
• He also published two memoirs, Egypt’s road to Jerusalem: A diplomat’s story of the struggle for peace in the Middle East, andUnvanquished: A US-U.N. Saga.