Krishna Water Disputes Tribunal (KWDT) is a tribunal setup by the government of India in 1969 under the Inter State Water Disputes Act of 1956 to resolve the disputes between the states of Karnataka, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh over sharing of the water of Krishna river. The tribunal was headed by R. S Bachawat a former judge of the Supreme Court. The Krishna River is the second biggest river in peninsular India. It originates near Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra from the statue of a cow in a temple. It then runs for a distance of 303 km in Maharashtra, 480 km through the breadth of North Karnataka and the rest of its 1300 km journey in Andhra Pradesh before it empties into the Bay of Bengal. The river basin is 257,000 km?, and the States of Maharastra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh contributes 68,800 km? (26.8%), 112,600 sq.k.m. (43.8%) and 75,600 km? (29.4%) respectively.