Health and Family Welfare Department is one of the oldest functioning departments in the State. From available records, an impoverished treatment camp was established at Aizawl in a tent for laborers (kulis) in 1894. This was later upgraded to a full-fledged dispensary in 1896. Subsequently, in the same year, Aizawl Hospital was made functional with 20 beds and Champhai Dispensary with 8 beds. This was followed by the establishment of 8 more 6-bedded dispensaries at Kolasib, Sairang, Lunglei, Champhai, N. Vanlaiphai, Sialsuk, Tlabung, Vahai and Tuipang in 1920.