TOEFL Syllabus 2022 Check New TOEFL Syllabus, Exam Pattern, Question Types, Marking Scheme Here

TOEFL Syllabus 20222 The TOEFL Exam Syllabus 2022 includes reading, writing, speaking, and listening in English, The TOEFL reading and hearing sections each have MCQs, with a total of 58-79 MCQs in these two sections. The TOEFL Syllabus 2022, writing part has descriptive exercises. Candidates must deliver brief to extended answers to the questions provided in the speaking segment. The TOEFL exam lasts roughly three hours in total. Below given is the detailed TOEFL Syllabus 2022 for the benefit of our test-takers. Scroll down to know more!

by Keerthika | Last updated: Jul 11, 2022

TOEFL Syllabus 2022  Check New TOEFL Syllabus, Exam Pattern, Question Types, Marking Scheme Here

TOEFL Syllabus 2022 Check New TOEFL Syllabus, Exam Pattern, Question Types, Marking Scheme Here

Free Job Alert to Your Email

TOEFL Syllabus 2022 @

New Update on 11-07-2022: TOEFL Syllabus 2022- The TOEFL exam pattern 2022 includes reading, writing, speaking, and listening in English. The TOEFL reading and hearing sections each have MCQs, with a total of 58-79 MCQs in these two sections. The TOEFL writing part has descriptive exercises. Candidates must deliver brief to extended answers to the questions provided in the speaking segment. The TOEFL exam lasts roughly three hours in total.

  • Reading a passage, listening to a recording/lecture, and answering a specific question by speaking;

  • Listening to a recording/lecture and replying to a specific question by writing the response;

  • Reading a passage, listening to a recording/lecture, and answering a specific question with a written response.

View - TOEFL Syllabus 2022

What is the passing score for TOEFL test?

There is no mentioned passing score for TOEFL. Each university has set its own score criteria for admission purposes. For TOEFL ibt, average score is 74.2 for undergraduate and 82.6 for graduate students.

Is the TOEFL test hard?

Compared to other exams like SAT or ACT, TOEFL is considered easier. It is the language proficiency exam measuring the linguistic skills of the test-takers. IELTS Reading section is comparatively easier than the TOEFL reading section.

Is TOEFL Harder than IELTS?

Though both are English proficiency tests certain statements state that TOEFL is slightly more difficult than IELTS. Especially the reading section of TOEFL is considered harder than IELTS.

TOEFL Exam Pattern 2022

Accepted by over 11,000 educational institutes worldwide, the TOEFL iBT is a four-hour computerized exam pattern precisely with four sections: Listening, Speaking, Reading, and Writing. Over 35 million candidates take the test to showcase their English aptitude. The TOEFL exam syllabus is measured on a score range of 0 - 120.


Time Duration

No. of Questions



60-80 minutes

36-56 questions

3-4 reading passages to answer questions


60-90 minutes

34-51 questions

Audio clips of 4-6 short lectures and 2-3 long conversations


10 minutes




20 minutes

6 Tasks

Need to speak on familiar topics or any academic-related issues


50 minutes

2 Tasks

Articulate opinion, logic, and argument after a comparison between a reading passage and classroom lecture

TOEFL Reading Pattern

In the TOEFL test pattern, the reading section appears at first. The main focus of the TOEFL reading is assessing how capable the candidate is in understanding English and also provide an accurate response to it.

  • TOEFL test pattern of reading is related to academic study materials;

  • 3-4 reading passages of around 700 words is provided as prompts;

  • 10 questions will be asked from each passage

  • Time allotted for the TOEFL iBT pattern of reading is 54 - 72 minutes

  • Excerpts derived from university-level textbooks

  • TOEFL reading passages cover various subjects

  • Scores will be given in raw points and later will be converted to a scale of 30

TOEFL Reading Question Types

  • Factual Information and Negative Factual Information: Factual information question structure aims at the main ideas, supporting facts, and definitions. Negative factual information questions are mostly similar with the only difference in identifying the single false answer from the list of 4. Note the words ‘NOT’ and ‘EXCEPT’ while answering negative factual information questions.

  • Inference and Rhetorical: The inference questions of the TOEFL exam pattern and syllabus of reading direct at explaining identifying the ambiguous statement of the passage. Inference questions can be identified by seeing words like ‘INFERRED’, ‘IMPLIES’, and ‘ SUGGESTS’. Rhetorical purpose questions are highly similar with the only difference of answering the question ‘WHY’, thereby stating the purpose.

  • Recognizing Vocabulary: Probably the easiest to answer, vocabulary questions in the TOEFL latest pattern of reading require the candidates to find and answer the meanings of certain highlighted words in the passage.

  • Sentence Explanation: these kinds of questions in the TOEFL pattern of reading require the candidates to identify the difference in very similar sentences and choose the one explained in a more simplified manner.

  • Insert Text: This type of reading questions aim at analyzing the logical placement of ideas in a particular reading passage. There is one insert text question in all the reading passages.

  • Prose Summary: This kind of question in the TOEFL question pattern of reading requires the candidates to recognize the main ideas and significance of the reading passage. There are 6 answer choices with 3 correct ones.

TOEFL Listening Question Types

Few candidates get confused with TOEFL Listening Question Details. Most of the listening questions come from reading section passages and the candidates should pay attention to understanding the tone of the passage.

  1. Gist Content/Purpose: the gist content asks you to provide the fundamental idea of the recording listened to. Whereas, the gist purpose asks you to find the main aim of the recording. This question type can be recognized by phrases like - ‘MAINLY ABOUT’, ‘MAINLY DISCUSSING’, ‘WHY DOES THE STUDENT’, ‘WHAT IS THE MAIN PURPOSE;

  2. Detail Questions: This kind of question ask the candidate to provide the factual details they derived from the recording. This can be recognized by questions like - ‘ACCORDING TO..’, ‘WHAT IS…’;

  3. Function: This kind of question require the candidate to identify the original meaning of the context given. The difference between the surface meaning and real meaning needs to be studied here;

  4. Attitude: Here, the candidates need to identify the attitude or expression of the stated words. It can be identified by phrases like - ‘WHAT IS THE PROFESSOR’S ATTITUDE?’, ‘WHAT DOES THE CANDIDATE THINK ABOUT?’

  5. Organization: This type of question require the candidate to showcase how the lecture is structured. This can include questions like - ‘WHY DOES THE PROFESSOR MENTION ABOUT..?’, ‘WHY DOES THE PROFESSOR DISCUSS…?’

  6. Connections in Content: This question type focuses on the connections among the ideas given in the lecture. This question generally appears in the fill-in-the-blanks type with questions like - ‘WHAT IS THE LIKELY OUTCOME..”

  7. Inference: The candidate needs to identify the underlying meaning of the lecture since it will not be explicitly stated.

TOEFL Speaking Pattern

While attending a lecture, enquiring about a topic, or presenting a PPT, speaking in English becomes the most essential skill and the TOEFL speaking test assesses the necessary skills to ensure fluency. The main motive of the TOEFL speaking pattern is determining the candidate’s convenience in speaking English in educational instances. Experts suggest to get a hold of TOEFL Speaking Topics from latest years to understand the question format.

TOEFL Speaking Questions Types

The TOEFL iBT exam pattern of speaking consists of two tasks:

  1. Question 1 - Independent Task: This task asks the test-takers to present their own thoughts, opinions, and experiences;

  2. Questions 2 - 4 - Integrated Task: This is a cross-functional task where alongside the speaking skills, the listening, writing, and reading skills are integrated.

Few more crucial points to be noted about the new TOEFL pattern of speaking:

  • The total time allotted for the TOEFL speaking section is 20 minutes

  • Test takers get 45 seconds to speak out opinions around familiar topics for the first two independent tasks

  • A total time allotment of 60 seconds for each audio clip and reading passage is given to the test taker

  • The speaking section in TOEFL is scored out of a scale of 0-4

  • Later this speaking section is converted out of a scale of 0-30

  • Speaking section measures how well the test takers articulate opinions with an ample number of reasons and examples

  • Usually, a score above 22 is considered a good score for the speaking section

  • 15 - 30 seconds o preparation time is allotted before speaking;

  • The response should be 45 - 60 seconds long;

  • You will be required to speak into a microphone where the recorded response will be sent to ETS;

  • Independent task provides two situations, you will be required to choose the suitable one and speak on it;

  • Integrated speaking task - Question 2 consist of reading and listening passages, the opinion of the speaker needs to be focused upon and how their statements affect the reading passage;

  • Question 3 of the integrated task will always be concentrated on a particular academic term as found in the first year of university;

  • Question 4 of the integrated task concentrates on an excerpt derived from an academic topic

TOEFL Writing Questions Types

The two categories of TOEFL writing pattern are:

  1. Integrated writing task: similar to the speaking task, this requires the candidates to thoroughly read a passage, pay attention to a brief lecture, and eventually provide a response of the listened and read materials;

  2. Independent writing task: Similar to the speaking task, here the candidate is required to present their own ideas, opinions, and experiences through writing.

Few more points to note about the 2022 and TOEFL 2022 pattern of writing:

  • Test takers have to write two essays within a time period of 50 minutes

  • For Task 1, the test taker gets a time period of 20 minutes and for Task 2, a total time period of 30 minutes is allotted

  • Test takers will be measured out on a scale of 0-5 for each essay

  • After two essay scores, the number will be converted to a scale of 30

  • In TOEFL, if a test taker gets a score above 25 is considered a good score

  • For the Integrated writing task, test-takers will get 3 minutes to read an academic text of around 300 words.

  • It will be followed by listening to an audio clip of 2 minutes on the lecture

  • After reading and listening, test takers have to explain how audio clip on lecture and passage will support each other to articular any opinion or logical argument

  • The test taker will get 20 minutes to complete Task 1 in 150-225 words

  • While writing the answer, test takers can get a view of the reading passage continuously at the side

  • Task 2 is an Independent writing task, where one will not get any reading passage or audio clip to listen to

  • In this section, test takers have to write on a particular opinion on their own

  • Within 30 minutes, test takers have to complete Task 2 in 300 words

  • Usually, for Task 2, test takers are given familiar topics to write on to express an opinion

Disclaimer: The above information is for general informational purposes only. All information on the Site is provided in good faith, however we make no representation or warranty of any kind, express or implied, regarding the accuracy, adequacy, validity, reliability, availability or completeness of any information on the Site.
Tags: , Syllabus 2022, Syllabus, 2022 Syllabus, Syllabus of 2022

Syllabus 2022 - FAQ

1. What is the syllabus of the TOEFL exam?

The TOEFL iBT syllabus for students comprises testing the candidates' reading, writing, listening, and speaking skills. 

2. How to initiate preparing for TOEFL?

Aspirants can prepare for the TOEFL Exam 2022 in one of two ways. Students can either self-study or prepare for the TOEFL, or they can enroll in TOEFL coaching. Students should, however, be aware of when they should begin studying for the TOEFL exam. Students who want to take TOEFL classes should also be aware of the best TOEFL tutoring centers in India.

3. What is the listening section in TOEFL Syllabus 2022?
  • Question type: a) 3–4 lectures (3-5 minutes long, about 500-800 words), 6 questions each; About 30

  • questions in total

  • b) 2–3 conversations (about 3 minutes long, about 12-25 exchanges), 5 questions each; About 12 questions in total

  • Total no. of questions: 40+

  • Total time: 41–57 minutes

4. What is the reading comprehension in TOEFL Syllabus 2022?
  • Question type: 3–4 passages, 10 questions each

  • Total no. of questions: About 40

  • Total time: 54-72 minutes

5. What is the writing section in TOEFL Syllabus 2022?

a) 1 integrated task – Read/Listen/Write (20 minutes) (reading time: 3 min; listening
time: 2 min; writing: 15 min)
b) 1 independent task (30 minutes)

  • Total no. of questions: 2

  • Total time: 50 minutes

Latest Exam Updates

Board Exam

NIOS Exam Dates 2022 Check NIOS New Time Table for Class 10th and 12th, Admit Card, Application Form, Steps To Download Here

just now
NIOS Exam Dates 2022 The timetable for the 12th grade's theory and practical exams has been issued by the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS). Between September ....
IT And Software

PGDCA Syllabus 2022 Check PGDCA Syllabus, Course, Admission, Eligibility and All Related Information Here

just now
PGDCA Syllabus 2022 PGDCA 2022 Syllabus is released online by the authorities of respective colleges which have the PGDCA as one of the courses in their Institute. Students can ....

PTU Syllabus 2022 Check To Download Punjab Technical University Syllabus PDF for UG, PG Courses, Exam Pattern Details Here

just now
PTU Syllabus 2022 Gujral Punjab Technical University, Jalandhar prescribes the PTU Syllabus 2022 for UG and PG courses. The students appearing for the semester examinations ....

Munger University Result 2022 Download Munger University UG,PG art 1, 2, 3 Exam Results, Score Card Here

6 mins ago
Munger University Result 2022 The official of Munger University has declared the Koshi College B.A Part - II Result 2019-22., Pg Sem I or IIIrd Result, ....

MP Bhoj University Result 2022 Download Madhya Pradesh Bhoj Open University BA B.Com, B.Sc Results, Score Card Here

6 mins ago
MP Bhoj University Result 2022 The MP Bhoj Open University 2022 Result has released the Exam Result and Other Courses Exam Results by the Madhya Pradesh Bhoj Open ....

Chandigarh University Result 2022 Check Chandigarh University Result, Score Card, Merit List, Steps To Download Here

7 mins ago
Chandigarh University Result 2022 Chandigarh University Admission 2022 Result released through online mode only. Chandigarh University offers admission into various UG ....

IFTM University Result 2022 Check IFTM Phd, UG, PG Semester Exam Result, Score Card, Steps To Download Here

8 mins ago
IFTM University Result 2022 IFTM University has released the IFTM Result 2022 for Even Semester Theory Examination and Remaining Results will be declare soon, ....

RTMNU Result 2022 Released Check To Download RTM Nagpur University Result For B. Tech Result Here

9 mins ago
RTMNU Result 2022 The Official of RTM Nagpur University has declared the B.E. Fourth Semester (Mechanical Engineering) [CBCS] 17 Nov 2022, Master of Computer ....
Board Exam

BTEUP Result 2022 Direct Link To Download UPBTE Diploma 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th Odd / Even Semester Exam Results Here

10 mins ago
BTEUP Result 2022 Board of Technical Education Uttar Pradesh (UPBTE) has declared the Odd semester & SBP (March 2022) Examination result. Students from the Uttar Pradesh ....

SRMJEEE Exam Date 2023 Check To Download SRM JEEE Exam Schedule, Timings for Phase 1 & 2 Slots, Admit Card, Registration, Syllabus

11 mins ago
SRMJEEE Exam Date 2023 The SRMJEEE 2023 exam date has been announced on the official website, The SRMJEE exam 2023 will be administered in three stages, ....

FreshersLive - No.1 Job site in India. Here you can find latest 2022 government as well as private job recruitment notifications for different posts vacancies in India. Get top company jobs for both fresher and experienced. Job Seekers can get useful interview tips, resume services & interview Question and answer. Practice online test free which is helpful for interview preparation. Register with us to get latest employment news/rojgar samachar notifications. Also get latest free govt and other sarkari naukri job alerts daily through E-mail... Protection Status