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by Bhavani | Last updated: Jun 03, 2021

NCERT - Learn Chapter-wise Free NCERT Text books

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NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Science 2021

The candidates who are studying under the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and in search of NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Science 2021 can refer to this article. In this article, and we have noted down the NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Science 2021 for all Class 6. Candidates can go through this article and get the NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Science 2021 by chapter-wise. The NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Science 2021 are provided in this article which is free of cost. Candidates can refer to the NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Science 2021 when preparing for their NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Examination.

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NCERT Solutions For Class 6 Science 2021

Chapter 1 Food: Where Does It Come From?

Exercise Questions

1. Do you find that all living beings need the same kind of food?

Solution:

No, all living beings do not need the same kind of food. Some animals eat plants as food, and they are called herbivores. Some animals eat other animals, and they are called as Carnivores. Some others eat food from plant sources as well as animals, and such living beings are called omnivores.

2. Name five plants and their parts that we eat.

Solution:

Brinjal- Fruit

Groundnut- Seed

Potato- Stem

Spinach- Leaves

Beetroot- Roots

3. Match the items given in Column A with that in Column B

Column A Column B
Milk, Curd, Paneer, Ghee Eat other animals
Spinach, Cauliflower, carrot Eat plants and plant products
Lions and tigers Are vegetables
Herbivores Are all animal products

Solution:

Column A Column B
Milk, Curd, Paneer, Ghee Are all animal products
Spinach, Cauliflower, carrot Are vegetables
Lions and tigers Eat other animals
Herbivores Eat plants and plant products

4. Fill up the blanks with the words given: herbivore, plant, milk, sugarcane, carnivore

(a) Tiger is a ____________________ because it eats only meat.

(b) Deer eats only plant products and so, is called ______________.

(c) Parrot eats only _________________ products.

(d) The ________________ that we drink, which comes from cows, buffaloes and goats is an animal product.

(e) We get sugar from ___________________.

Solution:

(a) Tiger is a carnivore because it eats only meat.

(b) Deer eats only plant products and so, is called herbivore.

(c) Parrot eats only plant products.

(d) The milk that we drink, which comes from cows, buffaloes and goats is an animal product.

(e) We get sugar from Sugarcane.

Chapter 2 Components of Food

Exercise Questions

1. Name the major nutrients in our food.

Solution:

Major Nutrients in our food are Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, Vitamins, Minerals and dietary fibers.

2. Name the following:

(a) The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body.

(b) The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body.

(c) A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight.

(d) A mineral that is required for keeping our bones healthy.

Solution:

a) Carbohydrates

b) Proteins and minerals

c) Vitamin A

d) Calcium

3. Name two foods each rich in:

(a) Fats

(b) Starch

(c) Dietary fiber

(d) Protein

Solution:

a) Cream, Butter

b) Rice, Wheat

c) Whole grains, raw vegetables

d) Milk, Soya bean

4. Tick (√) the statements that are correct.

(a) By eating rice alone, we can fulfill nutritional requirement of our body. ( )

(b) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet. ( )

(c) Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. ( )

(d) Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. ( )

Solution:

(a) By eating rice alone, we can fulfill nutritional requirement of our body. ( )

(b) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet. (√ )

(c) Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. (√ )

(d) Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. ( )

5. Fill in the blanks.

(a) ______________ is caused by deficiency of Vitamin D.

(b) Deficiency of ______________ causes a disease known as beri-beri.

(c) Deficiency of Vitamin C causes a disease known as ______________.

(d) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of ____________ in our food.

Solution:

(a) Rickets is caused by deficiency of Vitamin D.

(b) Deficiency of Vitamin B1 causes a disease known as beri-beri.

(c) Deficiency of Vitamin C causes a disease known as Scurvy.

(d) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of Vitamin A in our food.

Chapter 3 Fibre to Fabric

Exercise Questions

1. Classify the following fibers as natural or synthetic:

nylon, wool, cotton, silk, polyester, jute

Solution:

Natural: Wool, Cotton, Silk, Jute

Synthetic: Nylon, Polyester

2. State whether the following statements are true or false:

a) Yarn is made from fibres.

b) Spinning is a process of making fibres.

c) Jute is the outer covering of coconut.

d) The process of removing seed from cotton is called ginning.

e) The weaving of yarn makes a piece of fabric.

f) The silk fibre is obtained from the stem of a plant.

g) Polyester is a natural fibre.

Solution:

a) True

b) False

c) False

d) True

e) True

f) False

g) False

3. Fill in the blanks:

a) Plant fibres are obtained from_________ and ________ .

b) Animals fibres are __________ and ___________ .

Solution:

a) Plant fibres are obtained from cotton and jute.

b) Animals fibres are silk and wool.

4. From which parts of the plant cotton and jute are obtained?

Solution:

Cotton is obtained from the fruits of the cotton plant and Jute is obtained from the stem of the jute plant.

5. Name two items that are made from coconut fiber.

Solution:

Gunny bags, Ropes and Mats.

6. Explain the process of making yarn from fiber.

Solution:

Yarn can be made from fibre by the process called Spinning. From the mass of cotton, fibres are drawn and twisted which brings together the fibres to form a yarn. Takli and Charkha are the devices used for spinning.

Chapter 4 Sorting Materials into Groups

Exercise Questions

1. Name five objects which can be made from wood.

Solution:

a) Table

b) Chair

c) Doors

d) Desk

e) Box

2. Select those objects from the following which shine: Glass bowl, plastic toy, steel spoon, cotton shirt

Solution:

Glass bowl and steel spoon are the objects which shine

3. Match the objects given below with the materials from which they could be made. Remember, an object could be made from more than one material and a given material could be used for making many objects.

Objects Material
Book Glass
Tumbler wood
Chair Paper
Toy Leather
Shoes Plastics

Solution:

Objects Material
Book Paper, Wood
Tumbler Glass, wood, plastic
Chair wood, plastic
Toy Glass, Wood, Paper, Plastics, Leather
Shoes Leather, Plastic

4. State whether the statements given below are True or False.

(i) Stone is transparent, while glass is opaque.

(ii) A notebook has lustre while eraser does not.

(iii) Chalk dissolves in water.

(iv) A piece of wood floats on water.

(v) Sugar does not dissolve in water.

(vi) Oil mixes with water.

(vii) Sand settles down in water.

(viii) Vinegar dissolves in water.

Solution:

i) False

ii)False

iii) False

iv) True

v) False

vi) False

vii) True

viii) True

5. Given below are the names of some objects and materials:

Water, basket ball, orange, sugar, globe, apple and earthen pitcher. Group them as:

(a) Round shaped and other shapes (b) Eatables and non eatables

Solution:

(a) Round shaped – Basketball, Orange, Globe, Apple, Earthen pitcher

Other shapes – Water, Sugar

(b) Eatables – Water, Orange, Sugar, Apple

Non eatables – Basketball, Globe, Earthen pitcher

6. List all items known to you that float on water. Check and see if they will float on an oil or kerosene.

Solution:

Few items that float on water are as follows:

  1. Sponge’s piece
  2. Plastic bottle
  3. Paper’s piece
  4. Thermocol’s piece
  5. Wood
  6. Plastic ball
  7. Cork

However, these items will not float on an oil or kerosene

7. Find the odd one out from the following:

a) Chair, Bed, Table, Baby, Cupboard

b) Rose, Jasmine, Boat, Marigold, Lotus

c) Aluminum, Iron, Copper, Silver, Sand

d) Sugar, Salt, Sand, Copper sulphate

Solution:

a) Baby – others are made up of wood

b) Boat – others are flowers

c) Sand – others are metals

d) Sand – others are soluble in water

Chapter 5 Separation of Substances

Exercise Questions

1. Why do we need to separate different components of a mixture? Give two examples.

Solution:

When two or more substances are mixed together they form a mixture. Components of a mixture should be separated because some components may not be useful or may spoil the useful component of the mixture.

Examples:

Tea leaves are separated from the liquid with a strainer, while preparing tea

Removal of stone pieces from wheat, rice or pulses by hand

2. What is winnowing? Where is it used?

Solution:

The method of separating the components from a mixture is known as winnowing. In this method, heavier and lighter components of a mixture are separated by wind or by blowing air. This method is used by farmers to separate lighter husk particles from heavier seeds of grain.

3. How will you separate husk or dirt particles from a given sample of pulses before cooking?

Solution:

Husk and dirt particles are separated from pulses by winnowing.

4. What is sieving? Where is it used?

Solution:

Sieving is a method in which fine particles are sieved through holes of the sieve while the bigger impurities remain on the sieve. Sieving is used in a flour mill to separate impurities like husk and stones from wheat before grinding it. It is also used at construction sites to separate pebbles and stones from sand.

5. How will you separate sand and water from their mixture?

Solution:

Sand and water are separated from their mixture by the following steps:

a) The mixture is allowed to stand without any disturbances

b) Now sand settles down

c) Slowly pour the water into another container to obtain sand in the bottom

6. Is it possible to separate sugar mixed with wheat flour? If yes, how will you do it?

Solution:

Yes it is possible to separate sugar mixed with wheat flour by the following method

a) Mix sugar and wheat flour in water

b) Stir the solution to allow sugar to dissolve

c) Now filter the mixture

d) Filtrate contains sugar solution and residue will be wheat flour.

7. How would you obtain clear water from a sample of muddy water?

Solution:

The following process should be carried out to obtain clear water from muddy water

i) Allow muddy water to stand

ii) Mud gets settled down in the water

ii) Slowly pour water to another container

8. Fill up the blanks

(a) The method of separating seeds of paddy from its stalks is called ___________.

(b) When milk, cooled after boiling, is poured onto a piece of cloth the cream (malai) is left behind on it. This process of separating cream from milk is an example of ___________.

(c) Salt is obtained from seawater by the process of ___________.

(d) Impurities settled at the bottom when muddy water was kept overnight in a bucket. The clear water was then poured off from the top. The process of separation used in this example is called ___________.

Solution:

(a) The method of separating seeds of paddy from its stalks is called threshing.

(b) When milk cooled after boiling is poured onto a piece of cloth, the cream (malai) is left behind on it. This process of separating cream from milk is an example of filtration.

(c) Salt is obtained from seawater by the process of evaporation.

(d) Impurities settled at the bottom when muddy water was kept overnight in a bucket. The clear water was then poured off from the top. The process of separation used in this example is called decantation.

9. True or false?

(a) A mixture of milk and water can be separated by filtration.

(b) A mixture of powdered salt and sugar can be separated by the process of winnowing

(c) Separation of sugar from tea can be done with filtration.

(d) Grain and husk can be separated with the process of decantation.

Solution:

a) False

b) False

c) False

d) False

10. Lemonade is prepared by mixing lemon juice and sugar in water. You wish to add ice to cool it. Should you add ice to the lemonade before or after dissolving sugar? In which case would it be possible to dissolve more sugar?

Solution:

Ice should be added to lemonade after dissolving sugar. It is possible to add more sugar before adding ice.

Chapter 6 Changes Around us

Exercise Questions

1. To walk through a waterlogged area, you usually shorten the length of your dress by folding it. Can this change be reversed?

Solution:

Yes, the process can be reversed.

2. You accidentally dropped your favorite toy and broke it. This is a change you did not want. Can this change be reversed?

Solution:

No, this change cannot be reversed

3. Some changes are listed in the following table. For each change, write in the blank column, whether the change can be reversed or not.

Sl No Change Can be reversed Yes/No
1 The sawing of a piece of wood
2 The melting of ice candy
3 Dissolving sugar in water
4 The cooking of food
5 The ripening of a mango
6 Souring of milk

Solution :

Sl No Change Can be reversed Yes/No
1 The sawing of a piece of wood No
2 The melting of ice candy Yes
3 Dissolving sugar in water Yes
4 The cooking of food No
5 The ripening of a mango No
6 Souring of milk No

4. A drawing sheet changes when you draw a picture on it. Can you reverse this change?

Solution:

This change can be reversed if a pencil is used to draw the picture. If a pen, paint, oil /water colours are used to draw the picture, change cannot be reversed.

5. Give examples to explain the difference between changes that can or cannot be reversed.

Solution:

Changes that can be reversed

i) Opening and closing the door

ii) Filling glass with water

Changes that cannot be reversed

i) Conversion of milk into curd

ii) Ripening of fruit

6. A thick coating of a paste of Plaster of Paris (POP) is applied over the bandage on a fractured bone. It becomes hard on drying to keep the fractured bone immobilized. Can the change in POP be reversed?

Solution:

No, the change cannot be reversed

7. A bag of cement lying in the open gets wet due to rain during the night. The next day the sun shines brightly. Do you think the changes, which have occurred in the cement, could be reversed?

Solution: No, the change cannot be reversed

Chapter 7 Getting to Know Plants

Chapter 7 Exercise Questions

1. Correct the following statements and rewrite them in your notebook.

(a) Stem absorbs water and minerals from the soil.

(b) Leaves hold the plant upright.

(c) Roots conduct water to the leaves.

(d) The number of petals and stamens in a flower is always equal.

(e) If the sepals of a flower are joined together, its petals are also joined together.

(f) If the petals of a flower are joined together, then the pistil is joined to the petal.

Solution:

a) Roots absorbs water and minerals from the soil.

b) Stem holds the plant upright.

c) Stems conduct water to the leaves.

d) The number of petals and stamens in a flower may not be always equal.

e) If the sepals of a flower are joined together, its petals are separate.

f) If the petals of a flower are joined together, then the pistil may or may not be joined to the petal.

3. Can you find a plant in your house or in your neighborhood, which has a long but weak stem? Write its name. In which category will you place it?

Solution:

Yes, lauki (gourd) plant needs support. It is a climber.

4. What is the function of a stem?

Solution:

Following are the functions of a stem

  • Stem holds the plant upright.
  • Stems conduct water to the leaves.
  • Stems conduct food from leaves to other parts of the plant.

5. Which of the following leaves have reticulate venation?

Wheat, tulsi, maize, grass, coriander (dhania), China rose

Solution:

Tulsi, China rose and coriander have reticulate venation.

6. If a plant has fibrous root, what type of venation do its leaves have?

Solution:

If a plant has fibrous root, its leaves have parallel venation.

7. If a plant has leaves with reticulate venation, what kind of roots will it have?

Solution:

If a plant has leaves with reticulate venation, it will have tap root.

8. Is it possible for you to find out whether a plant has taproot or fibrous roots by looking at the impression of its leaf on a sheet of paper?

Solution:

Yes it is possible to find whether a plant has taproot or fibrous roots by looking at the impression of its leaf on a sheet of paper.

9. What are the parts of a flower?

Solution:

a) Sepals

b) Petals

c) Stamens

d) Pistil

10. From the following plants, which of them have flowers?

Grass, maize, wheat, chilli, tomato, tulsi, peepal, shisham, banyan, mango, jamun, guava, pomegranate, papaya, banana, lemon, sugarcane, potato, groundnut

Solution:

The plants which have flowers are grass, maize, wheat, chilli, tomato, tulsi, peepal, shisham, banyan (flowers lie inside its fruits), mango, jamun, guava, Pomegranate, papaya, banana, lemon, sugarcane, potato, groundnut

11. Name the part of plant which produces food. Name the process.

Solution:

Leaves produce food through a process called as Photosynthesis.

12. In which part of a flower, you will find the ovary?

Solution:

Ovary is found in the lowermost and swollen part of the pistil.

13. Name two plants in which one has joined sepals and the other has separate sepals.

Solution:

Plants with joined sepals- Datura and cotton

Plants with separate sepals- Rose and Lotus

Chapter 8 Body Movements

Exercise Questions

1. Fill in the blanks:

(a) Joints of the bones help in the ——————— of the body.

(b) A combination of bones and cartilages forms the _______ of the body.

(c) The bones at the elbow are joined by a ______________________ joint.

(d) The contraction of the _____________ pulls the bones during movement.

Solution:

(a) Joints of the bones help in the movement of the body.

(b) A combination of bones and cartilages forms the skeleton of the body.

(c) The bones at the elbow are joined by a hinge joint.

(d) The contraction of the muscles pulls the bones during movement.

2. Indicate true (T) and false (F) among the following sentences.

(a) The movement and locomotion of all animals is exactly the same. ( )

(b) The cartilages are harder than bones. ( )

(c) The finger bones do not have joints. ( )

(d) The fore arm has two bones. ( )

(e) Cockroaches have an outer skeleton. ( )

Solution:

a) False

b) False

c) False

d) True

e) True

3. Match the items in Column I with one or more items of Column II.

Solution:

Column I Column II
Upper jaw Have fins on the body
Fish Has an outer skelton
Ribs Can fly in the air
Snail is an immovable joint
Cockroach Protect the heart
Shows very slow movement
Have a streamlined body

Solution:

Column I Column II
Upper jaw is an immovable joint
Fish Have fins on the body, Have a streamlined body
Ribs Protect the heart
Snail Has an outer skeleton and

Shows very slow movement

Cockroach Has an outer skeleton and

Can fly in the air

4. Answer the following:

(a) What is a ball and socket joint?

(b) Which of the skull bones are movable?

(c) Why can our elbow not move backwards?

Solution:

a) The rounded end of one bone fits into the cavity (hollow space) of the other bone. Such a joint allows movements in all directions, which is called ball and socket joint.

b) Lower jaw

c) Our elbow cannot move backwards because it has hinge joints which only allow back and forth movement.

Chapter 9 The Living Organisms Characteristics and Habitats

Exercise Questions

1. What is a habitat?

Solution:

The place where organisms live is called habitat. Habitat means a dwelling place (a home). The habitat provides food, water, air, shelter and other needs to organisms.

2. How are cactus adapted to survive in a desert?

Solution:

Adaptation of cactus are as follows

  • Leaf is replaced by spine to reduce transpiration
  • Stems carry out photosynthesis
  • A thick waxy layer surrounds leaf to retain water
  • Roots of cactus are deeply rooted inside soil to absorb water

3. Fill up the blanks

(a) The presence of specific features, which enable a plant or an animal to live in a particular habitat, is called ————.

(b) The habitats of the plants and animals that live on land are called ———— habitat.

(c) The habitats of plants and animals that live in water are called ————habitat.

(d) Soil, water and air are the ———— factors of a habitat.

(e) Changes in our surroundings that make us respond to them, are called ———— .

Solution:

(a) The presence of specific features, which enable a plant or an animal to live in a particular habitat, is called adaptation.

(b) The habitats of the plants and animals that live on land are called terrestrial habitat.

(c) The habitats of plants and animals that live in water are called aquatic habitat.

(d) Soil, water and air are the abiotic factors of a habitat.

(e) Changes in our surroundings that make us respond to them, are called stimuli.

4. Which of the things in the following list are nonliving?

Plough, Mushroom, Sewing machine, Radio, Boat, Water hyacinth, Earthworm

Solution:

Plough, Sewing machine, Radio and Boat are nonliving things

5. Give an example of a non-living thing, which shows any two characteristics of living things.

Solution:

Example: car

Features

  • It can move like living beings
  • It needs energy to do work

6. Which of the non-living things listed below, were once part of a living thing?

Butter, Leather, Soil, Wool, Electric bulb, Cooking oil, Salt, Apple, Rubber

Solution:

Butter, Leather, Wool, Cooking oil, Apple and Rubber were once part of a living thing.

7. List the common characteristics of the living things.

Solution:

Common characteristics of living things are as follows

i) Respiration

ii) Food intake

iii) Respond to stimuli

iv) Excretion

v) Movement

vi) Reproduction

vii) Grow and Die

8. Explain, why speed is important for survival in the grasslands for animals that live there. (Hint: There are few trees or places for animals to hide in grasslands habitats.)

Solution:

Speed is important for survival in the grasslands for animals to avoid predation from their predators. For example Tiger eats deer, to survive deer has to run faster than the tiger.

Chapter 10 Motion and Measurement of Distances

Exercise Questions

1. Give two examples each, of modes of transport used on land, water and air.

Solution:

Land- Train, Bus

Water- Ship, Boat

Air- Helicopter, Aeroplane

2. Fill in the blanks:

(i) One metre is ______________ cm.

(ii) Five kilometre is ______________ m.

(iii) Motion of a child on a swing is ______________.

(iv) Motion of the needle of a sewing machine is ______________.

(v) Motion of wheel of a bicycle is______________.

Solution:

(i) One metre is 100 cm.

(ii) Five kilometre is 5000 m.

(iii) Motion of a child on a swing is periodic.

(iv) Motion of the needle of a sewing machine is periodic.

(v) Motion of the wheel of a bicycle is circular.

3. Why can a pace or a footstep not be used as a standard unit of length?

Solution:

Pace or a footstep cannot be used as a standard unit of length because it varies from person to person.

4. Arrange the following lengths in their increasing magnitude: 1 metre, 1 centimetre, 1 kilometre, 1 millimetre.

Solution:

1 millimetre, 1 centimetre, 1 metre, 1 kilometre

5. The height of a person is 1.65 m. Express it into cm and mm.

Solution:

1.65= 165 cm = 1650 mm

6. The distance between Radha’s home and her school is 3250 m. Express this distance into km.

Solution:

1km = 1000 m

Hence 3250 m = 3.25 kms

7. While measuring the length of a knitting needle, the reading of the scale at one end is 3.0 cm and at the other end is 33.1 cm. What is the length of the needle?

Solution:

Length of needle = 33.1 – 3 = 30.1 cm

8. Write the similarities and differences between the motion of a bicycle and a ceiling fan that has been switched on.

Solution:

Similarities – The blades of a fan and the wheels of a bicycle shows circular motion

Differences- Bicycle move in rectilinear motion, but the fan does not move in rectilinear motion.

9. Why would you not like to use a measuring tape made of an elastic material like rubber to measure distance? What would be some of the problems you would meet in telling someone about a distance you measured with such a tape?

Solution:

An elastic measuring tape will not give accurate measurement as it stretches in length and reduces in size when stretched. When we express measurement taken with elastic tape, we have to tell whether the tape was stretched. If yes, how much. Hence it is very difficult to tell the measurement taken from an elastic tape.

10. Give two examples of periodic motion.

Solution:

a) A needle of a sewing machine

b) Pendulum

Chapter 11 Light, Shadows and Reflections

Exercise Questions

2. Classify the objects or materials given below as opaque, transparent or translucent and luminous or non-luminous:

Air, water, a piece of rock, a sheet of aluminum, a mirror, a wooden board, a sheet of polythene, a CD, smoke, a sheet of plane glass, fog, a piece of red hot iron, an umbrella, a lighted fluorescent tube, a wall, a sheet of carbon paper, the flame of a gas burner, a sheet of cardboard, a lighted torch, a sheet of cellophane, a wire mesh, kerosene stove, sun, firefly, the moon.

Solution:

Opaque: A piece of rock, a sheet of aluminium, a mirror, a wooden board, a CD, an umbrella, a wall, a sheet of carbon paper, a sheet of cardboard.

Transparent: Air, water, a sheet of plane glass.

Translucent: A sheet of polythene, smoke, fog, a sheet of cellophane, a wire mesh.

Luminous: A piece of red hot iron, a lighted fluorescent tube, the flame of a gas burner, a lighted torch, sun, firefly, kerosene stove.

Non – luminous: Air, water, a piece of rock, a sheet of aluminium, a mirror, a wooden board, a sheet of polythene, a CD, smoke, a sheet of plane glass, fog, an umbrella, a wall, a sheet of carbon paper, a sheet of cardboard, a sheet of cellophane, a wire mesh, moon.

3. Can you think of creating a shape that would give a circular shadow if held in one way and a rectangular shadow if held in another way?

Solution:

Yes

4. In a completely dark room, if you hold up a mirror in front of you, will you see a reflection of yourself in the mirror?

Solution:

No, in a dark room, a mirror reflection of the image will not be shown as the light will not fall on the mirror to reflect the image due to darkness.

Chapter 12 Electricity and Circuits

Exercise Questions

1. Fill in the blanks :

(a) A device that is used to break an electric circuit is called _______________.

(b) An electric cell has _______________ terminals.

Solution:

(a) A device that is used to break an electric circuit is called switch.

(b) An electric cell has two terminals.

2. Mark ‘True’ or ‘False’ for following statements:

(a) Electric current can flow through metals.

(b) Instead of metal wires, a jute string can be used to make a circuit.

(c) Electric current can pass through a sheet of thermo Col.

Solution:

(a) True

(b) False

(c) False

3. Explain why the bulb would not glow in the arrangement shown in Fig. 12.13.

Solution:

The bulb would not glow in the arrangement because circuit is not complete due to presence of insulator in the centre.

4. Complete the drawing shown in Fig 12.14 to indicate where the free ends of the two wires should be joined to make the bulb glow.

5. What is the purpose of using an electric switch? Name some electrical gadgets that have switches built into them.

Solution:

The purpose of an electric switch is to complete or break the circuit. Electrical gadgets that have switches built into them are fan, refrigerator, television, microwave oven, electric cookers.

6. Would the bulb glow after completing the circuit shown in Fig. 12.14 if instead of safety pin we use an eraser?

Solution:

No, the bulb will not glow as eraser is an insulator.

7. Would the bulb glow in the circuit shown in Fig. 12.15?

Solution:

No, the bulb will not glow.

8. Using the “conduction tester” on an object it was found that the bulb begins to glow. Is that object a conductor or an insulator? Explain.

Solution:

The object is a conductor because the bulb glows only when the conductor is used but not when the insulator is used.

9. Why should an electrician use rubber gloves while repairing an electric switch at your home? Explain.

Solution:

An electrician uses rubber gloves while repairing an electric switch at your home because rubber gloves are insulators. This protects him from avoiding electric shocks.

10. The handles of the tools like screwdrivers and pliers used by electricians for repair work usually have plastic or rubber covers on them. Can you explain why?

Solution:

Tools like screwdrivers and pliers are used by electricians for repair work because plastic is an insulator and plastic handles protect the electrician from electric shocks.

Chapter 13 Fun with Magnets

Exercise Questions

1. Fill in the blanks in the following

(i) Artificial magnets are made in different shapes such as __________, __________ and ____________.

(ii) The Materials which are attracted towards a magnet are called________.

(iii) Paper is not a ______ material.

(iv) In olden days, sailors used to find direction by suspending a piece of ___________.

(v) A magnet always has __________ poles.

Solution:

(i) Artificial magnets are made in different shapes such as bar magnet, horse shoe and cylindrical.

(ii) The Materials which are attracted towards a magnet are called magnetic.

(iii) Paper is not a magnetic material.

(iv) In olden days, sailors used to find direction by suspending a piece of magnet.

(v) A magnet always has two poles.

2. State whether the following statements are true or false:

(i) A cylindrical magnet has only one pole.

(ii) Artificial magnets were discovered in Greece.

(iii) Similar poles of a magnet repel each other.

(iv) Maximum iron filings stick in the middle of a bar magnet when it is brought near them.

(v) Bar magnets always point towards North-South direction.

(vi) A compass can be used to find East-West direction at any place.

(vii) Rubber is a magnetic material.

Solution:

i) False

ii) False

iii) True

iv) False

v) True (Freely suspended bad magnet)

vi) True

vii) False

3. It was observed that a pencil sharpener gets attracted by both the poles of a magnet although its body is made of plastic. Name a material that might have been used to make some part of it.

Solution:

Iron might have been used to make some part of it.

4. Column I shows different positions in which one pole of a magnet is placed near that of the other. Column II indicates the resulting action between them for each situation. Fill in the blanks.

Column – I Column – II
N-N _______
N-___ Attraction
S-N _____
___-S Repulsion

Solution:

Column – I Column – II
N-N Repulsion
N- S Attraction
S-N Attraction
S– S Repulsion

5. Write any two properties of a magnet.

Solution:

Properties of a magnet are as follows

  • It attracts objects made of Nickel, Cobalt and Iron.
  • Like poles of two magnets repel each other and opposite poles attracts each other.

6. Where are poles of a bar magnet located?

Solution:

On two ends of a bar magnet.

7. A bar magnet has no markings to indicate its poles. How would you find out near which end is its north pole is located?

Solution:

A bar magnet is hanged in the air and the end pointing to the north is the north pole of the magnet.

8. You are given an iron strip. How will you make it into a magnet?

Solution:

Take a bar magnet and keep in contact with one of its poles with one edge of the bar of iron.

  • Without lifting the bar magnet, move it along the length of the iron bar till you reach the other end.
  • Lift the magnet and bring the pole (the same pole you started with) to the same point of the iron bar from which we began.
  • Move the magnet again along the iron bar in the same direction as you did before.
  • Repeat this process for about 30-40 times.

9. How is a compass used to find directions?

Solution:

A compass always shows north and south direction, by keeping this as a reference we can always find east and west directions also.

10. A magnet was brought from different directions towards a toy boat that has been floating in water in a tub. Affect observed in each case is stated in Column I. Possible reasons for the observed effects are mentioned in Column II. Match the statements given in Column I with those in Column II.

Column I Column II
Boat gets attracted towards the magnet Boat is fitted with a magnet with a north pole towards its head
Boat is not affected by the magnet Boat is fitted with a magnet with a south pole towards its head
Boat moved towards the magnet when the north pole is brought near its head Boat has a small magnet fixed along its length
Boat moves away from the magnet when the north pole is brought near its head Boat is made up of magnetic material
Boat floats without changing its direction Boat is made up of non-magnetic material

Solution:

Column I Column II
Boat gets attracted towards the magnet Boat is made up of magnetic material
Boat is not affected by the magnet Boat is made up of non-magnetic material
Boat moved towards the magnet when the north pole is brought near its head Boat is fitted with a magnet with the south pole towards its head
Boat moves away from the magnet when the north pole is brought near its head Boat is fitted with a magnet with a north pole towards its head
Boat floats without changing its direction Boat has a small magnet fixed along its length

Chapter 14 Water

Exercise Questions

1. Fill up the blanks in the following:

(a) The process of changing of water into its vapour is called _________________.

(b) The process of changing water vapour into water is called _________________.

(c) No rainfall for a year or more may lead to _________________ in that region.

(d) Excessive rains may cause _________________.

Solution:

(a) The process of changing of water into its vapour is called evaporation.

(b) The process of changing water vapour into water is called condensation.

(c) No rainfall for a year or more may lead to drought in that region.

(d) Excessive rains may cause floods.

2. State for each of the following whether it is due to evaporation or condensation:

(a) Water drops appear on the outer surface of a glass containing cold water.

(b) Steam rising from wet clothes while they are ironed.

(c) Fog appearing on a cold winter morning.

(d) Blackboard dries up after wiping it.

(e) Steam rising from a hot girdle when water is sprinkled on it.

Solution:

(a) Condensation

(b) Evaporation

(c) Condensation

(d) Evaporation

(e) Evaporation

3. Which of the following statements are “true” ?

(a) Water vapour is present in air only during the monsoon. ( )

(b) Water evaporates into air from oceans, rivers and lakes but not from the soil.( )

(c) The process of water changing into its vapour, is called evaporation.( )

(d) The evaporation of water takes place only in sunlight.( )

(e) Water vapour condenses to form tiny droplets of water in the upper layers of air where it is cooler.( )

Solution:

a) False

b) False

c) True

d) False

e) True

4. Suppose you want to dry your school uniform quickly. Would spreading it near an anghiti or heater help? If yes, how?

Solution:

Spreading uniform near an anghiti or heater will help because it increases the rate of evaporation due to heat.

5. Take out a cooled bottle of water from refrigerator and keep it on a table. After some time you notice a droplets of water around it. Why?

Solution:

This is because the surface of the air around the bottle cools down and air condenses around the bottle.

6. To clean their spectacles, people often breathe out on glasses to make them wet. Explain why the glasses become wet.

Solution:

The air we breathe out contains water vapour which condenses on the surface of the spectacles. So, the glass becomes wet and with the help of a small amount of water molecules, it becomes easier to clean the spectacles.

7. How are clouds formed?

Solution:

The process of condensation plays an important role in bringing water back to the surface of the earth. As we go higher from the surface of the earth, it gets cooler. When the air moves up, it gets cooler and cooler. At sufficient heights, the air becomes so cool that the water vapour present in it condenses to form tiny drops of water called droplets. It is these tiny droplets that remain floating in the air and appear to us like clouds.

8. When does a drought occur?

Solution:

If it does not rain for two or more years, water is lost from the soil due to evaporation and transpiration. Since it is not being brought back by rain, the soil becomes dry. The level of water in ponds and wells of the region goes down and some of them may even dry up. The ground water may also become scarce. This may lead to drought.

Chapter 15 Air Around us

Exercise Questions

1. What is the composition of air?

Solution:

Air comprises water vapour, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Carbon dioxide, dust and smoke.

2. Which gas in the atmosphere is essential for respiration?

Solution:

Oxygen in the atmosphere is essential for respiration.

3. How will you prove that air supports burning?

Solution:

Place two candles of the same length on a table. Light both the candles. Cover one of the candles with an inverted glass tumbler. We observe that the candle covered with a glass tumbler got extinguished after some time, whereas the other candle continued burning. The candle gets extinguished because the component inside of the glass tumbler, which supports burning, is limited. Most of the component is used up by the burning candle. However, the other candle is getting continued supply of air. This component of air, which supports burning, is known as oxygen.

4. How will you show that air is dissolved in water?

Solution:

Take some water in a container. Heat it slowly on a tripod stand. Before water begins to boil, look at the inner surface of the container. We observe tiny bubbles inside.

These bubbles come from the air dissolved in water. When you heat the water, to begin with, the air dissolved in it escapes. This experiment concludes air is present in the water.

5. Why does a lump of cotton wool shrink in water?

Solution:

The lump of cotton wool shrink in water because the air inside the cotton lumps are replaced by water which makes the layer stick together.

6. The layer of air around the earth is known as ___________.

Solution:

The layer of air around the earth is known as the atmosphere.

7. The component of air used by green plants to make their food, is ___________.

Solution:

The component of air used by green plants to make their food is carbon dioxide.

8. List five activities that are possible due to the presence of air.

Solution:

Activities that are possible due to air are:

  1. Photosynthesis
  2. Cloud formation
  3. Respiration
  4. Transpiration
  5. Winnowing

9. How do plants and animals help each other in the exchange of gases in the atmosphere?

Solution:

During the process of respiration, animals and plants consume oxygen from the air and release carbon dioxide gas in the air. But green plants also release oxygen gas by utilizing carbon dioxide during the process of photosynthesis. Hence, in this way, plants and animals help each other in the exchange of gases in the atmosphere.

Chapter 16 Garbage in, Garbage out

Exercise Questions

1. (a) Which kind of garbage is not converted into compost by the red worms?

(b) Have you seen any other organism besides red worms, in your pit? If yes, try to find out their names. Draw pictures of these.

Solution:

a) Pieces of cloth, polythene bags, broken glass, aluminium wrappers, nails and broken toys are not converted into compost by the red worms.

b) Earthworms, small insects like ant, millipedes are found in pits.

2. Discuss:

(a) Is garbage disposal the responsibility only of the government?

(b) Is it possible to reduce the problems relating to disposal of garbage?

Solution:

a) No, not just the government, but everybody is responsible for garbage disposal. We should bifurcate wet and dry waste, recycle the non-biodegradable substances and we should also reduce the accumulation of garbage in our house and streets.

b) Yes, it is possible to reduce the problems of garbage by scientific disposal of garbage, we can do it by bifurcation of different waste and also by recycling the waste materials.

3. (a) What do you do with the leftover food at home?

(b) If you and your friends are given the choice of eating in a plastic plate or a banana leaf platter at a party, which one would you prefer and why?

Solution:

(a) Leftover food can be collected and used to form compost. Compost produces nutrients necessary for the growth and development of plants.

(b) We would prefer to eat food on a banana leaf plate because it acts as a harmless substance which helps to form manure by the process of composting, whereas plastic plates cannot be converted into harmless substances by composting. Plastic plates are not degradable, hence can persist in the environment and cause many problems.

4. (a) Collect pieces of different kinds of paper. Find out which of these can be recycled.

(b) With the help of a lens look at the pieces of paper, you collected for the above question. Do you see any difference in the material of recycled paper and a new sheet of paper?

Solution:

(a) Papers such as newspapers, notebooks, magazines can be recycled easily. However, shiny and coated papers cannot be easily recycled

(b) Recycled paper is usually thick or rough when compared to a new sheet of paper.

5. (a)Collect different kinds of packaging material. What was the purpose for which each one was used? Discuss in groups.

(b) Give an example in which packaging could have been reduced?

(c) Write a story on how packaging increases the amount of garbage.

Solution:

(a) Different kinds of packaging materials used commonly are:

Cardboard – used as shoe, soap, bulb and other boxes.

Plastic Bags – Toys covers, sarees bags, shopping bags, etc.

Wooden Boxes – Fruit baskets and boxes for hardware.

Jute Bags – School bags, shopping bags, vegetable bags, etc.

(b) By reusing the packaging material, we can reduce the accumulation of garbage.

(c) The basic purpose of packaging is to protect the product from tampering and to maintain its freshness and purity. However, most of the packaging material is used to beautify the boxes and make them look attractive on the shelves. Unfortunately, a large volume of packaging material goes waste and is thrown into the dustbin.

For example, in most of the places, the dustbins are full of chips and biscuit wrappers.

It unnecessarily increases the amount of garbage. It also increases the cost of the product due to unnecessary packaging. We should seriously consider how to reduce unnecessary packaging.

6. Do you think it is better to use compost instead of chemical fertilizers? Why?

Solution:

Yes, it is better to use compost instead of chemical fertilizers for the following reasons:

  • It is easy to prepare compost
  • Compost is environment friendly as it does not cause any health issues in humans and animals
  • Compost will not cause pollution
  • Compost increases soil fertility.
  • Compost is biodegradable.
Disclaimer: The above information is for general informational purposes only. All information on the Site is provided in good faith, however we make no representation or warranty of any kind, express or implied, regarding the accuracy, adequacy, validity, reliability, availability or completeness of any information on the Site.
Also Learn

Exams 2023 - FAQ

1. Where to check NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science 2021?  

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science 2021 can be checked from the article.

2. How many chapters are for NCERT 6 Science Curriculum?  

16 Chapters are for NCERT 6 Science Curriculum.

3. Who conducts Class 6 Science Exams?  

Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conducts Class 6 Science Exams.

4. With this NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science 2021, What will the students know?  

The NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science 2021 provides the students to know answerkey chapterwise which will be helpful when preparing for the exams.

5. Are CBSE questions based on NCERT?

The fact that CBSE question papers are prepared solely using the NCERT Class 6 Science book demonstrates the book's value.

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