GATE Syllabus 2023 gate.iitkgp.ac.in Check To Download PDF For GATE Subject Wise Syllabus For All Paper, Exam Pattern Here
by Vinothini S  Last updated: Jan 30, 2023
GATE 2023
GATE 2023 2023GATE Syllabus 2023 Released @ gate.iitkgp.ac.in
New Update on 30.01.2023: GATE Syllabus 2023  Candidates can now access the official IITK GATE Syllabus 2023 at gate.iitk.ac.in. This page also contains the subjectwise GATE syllabus 2023 pdf. The GATE Syllabus 2023 includes the important topics and chapters that candidates must prepare for when taking the GATE exam. Candidates can use the GATE exam 2023 syllabus to determine which topics require more time and practice to prepare for the Graduate Aptitude Test 2023.
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GATE Syllabus 2023  Overview
Institute Name 
Indian Institute Of Technology, Bombay(IIT, Bombay) 
Name Of The Exam 
Graduate Aptitude Test In Engineering (GATE) – 2022 
Type Of Exam 
Entrance Test For PG Courses In Engineering in IIT’, NIT’s & Other Colleges 
Location 
Across India 
Official Website 
gate.iitkgp.ac.in 
GATE Syllabus 2023
Code: Paper 
Code: Paper 
GATE Syllabus 2023 for Instrumentation Engineering
Section 1: Engineering Mathematics
Calculus:

Evaluation of definite and improper integrals

Line, surface, and volume integrals

Taylor series.

Maxima and minima

Multiple integrals

Mean value theorems

Partial derivatives

Theorems of integral calculus
Complex Analysis:

Analytic functions

Cauchy's integral formula

Cauchy's integral theorem

Residue theorem.

Taylor's and Laurent's series
Differential Equations:

Cauchy's and Euler's equations

Complementary function and particular integral, partial differential equations

Firstorder equations (linear and nonlinear)

Higherorder linear differential equations

Initial and boundary value problems.

Methods of solution using a variety of parameters

Variable separable method
Linear Algebra:

Basis, linear dependence, and independence

Matrix algebra

Eigenvalues and Eigen vectors

Vector space

Rank, solution of linear equations – existence and uniqueness.
Numerical Methods:

Convergence criteria.

Single and multistep methods for differential equations

Solution of nonlinear equations
Probability and Statistics:

Combinatorial probability

Correlation and regression analysis.

Joint and conditional probability

Mean, median, mode, and standard deviation

Poisson, exponential and normal

Probability distribution functions  binomial
Vector Analysis:

Gauss's, Green's, and Stoke’s theorems.

Vectors in plane and space

Vector operations, gradient, divergence, and curl
Section 2: Networks, Signals, and Systems
Continuoustime signals:

Discretetime signals: discretetime

Fourier series and Fourier transform representations

Interpolation of discretetime signals

Fourier transform (DTFT), DFT, FFT, Ztransform

LTI systems: definition and properties, causality, stability, impulse response, convolution, poles and zeros, parallel and cascade structure, frequency response, group delay, phase delay, digital filter design techniques.

Sampling theorem and applications
Network solution methods:

Frequency domain analysis of RLC circuits

Linear 2‐port network parameters: driving point and transfer functions

Network theorems: superposition

Nodal and mesh analysis

Solution of network equations using Laplace transform

State equations for networks.

Steadystate sinusoidal analysis using phasors

Thevenin and Norton’s, maximum power transfer

Timedomain analysis of simple linear circuits

Wye‐Delta transformation
Section 3: Electronic Devices

Energy bands in intrinsic and extrinsic silicon

Carrier transport: diffusion current, drift current, mobility, and resistivity

Generation and recombination of carriers

Integrated circuit fabrication process: oxidation, diffusion, ion implantation, photolithography, and twintub CMOS process.

MOSFET, LED, photodiode, and solar cell

Poisson and continuity equations

PN junction, Zener diode, BJT, MOS capacitor
Section 4: Analog Circuits

Active filters

BJTs and MOSFETs

Singlestage BJT and MOSFET amplifiers: biasing, bias stability, midfrequency smallsignal analysis, and frequency response

BJT and MOSFET amplifiers: multistage, differential, feedback, power, and operational

Function generators, waveshaping circuits, and 555 timers

Power supplies: ripple removal and regulation.

Simple opamp circuits

Sinusoidal oscillators: criterion for oscillation, singletransistor and opamp configurations

Small signal equivalent circuits of diodes

Simple diode circuits: clipping, clamping, and rectifiers

Voltage reference circuits
Section 5: Digital Circuits

Data converters: sample and hold circuits, ADCs and DACs

Number systems

Combinatorial circuits: Boolean algebra, minimization of functions using Boolean identities and Karnaugh map, logic gates and their static CMOS implementations, arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers, decoders, and PLAs

Semiconductor memories: ROM, SRAM, DRAM; 8bit microprocessor (8085): architecture, programming, memory, and I/O interfacing.

Sequential circuits: latches and flip‐flops, counters, shift‐registers, and finite state machines
Section 6: Control Systems

Basic control system components

Bode and rootlocus plots

Frequency response

Block diagram representation

Lag, lead and laglead compensation

Signal flow graph

Feedback principle

State variable model and solution of state equation of LTI systems.

Transfer function

RouthHurwitz and Nyquist stability criteria

Transient and steadystate analysis of LTI systems
Section 7: Communications
Digital communications:

Hamming codes

Amplitude, phase, and frequencyshift keying (ASK, PSK, FSK),

Basics of TDMA, FDMA, and CDMA.

Fundamentals of error correction

Matched filter receiver

PCM, DPCM

SNR and BER for digital modulation

Digital modulation schemes

QAM, MAP, and ML decoding

Calculation of bandwidth

Timing and frequency synchronization, intersymbol interference and its mitigation
Random processes:

Analog communications: amplitude modulation and demodulation

Angle modulation and demodulation

Autocorrelation and power spectral density

Circuits for analog communications

Filtering of random signals through LTI systems

Properties of white noise

Spectra of AM and FM

Information theory: entropy, mutual information, and channel capacity theorem.

Superheterodyne receivers
Section 8: Electromagnetics
Electrostatics

Boundary conditions

Maxwell’s equations: differential and integral forms and their interpretation

Plane waves and properties: reflection and refraction, polarization, phase and group velocity, propagation through various media, skin depth;

Poynting vector

Wave equation
Transmission lines:

Characteristic impedance

Equations

Impedance matching

Impedance transformation

Smith chart

Sparameters
Waveguides:

Antennas and its’ types

Basics of radar

Boundary conditions

Cutoff frequencies

Dispersion relations

Gain and directivity

Light propagation in optical fibers.

Modes

Radiation pattern

Return loss, antenna arrays
GATE Syllabus for ECE Books

Electronics and Communication Engineering

Higher Engineering Mathematics by Dr B.S. Grewal

Network Theory by Alexander Sadiku

Integrated Electronics: Jacob Millman & Christos C. Halkias

Signals & Systems By Alan V. Oppenheim

Automatic Control Systems by Benjamin C. Kuo

Analog and Digital Communication System by Simon Haykin

Elements of Electromagnetics by Matthew N.O. Sadiku

Semiconductor devices by David Neamen
GATE Syllabus for ECE Weightage
Subject 
The weightage (Marks) 2020 
The weightage (Marks) 2019 
The weightage (Marks) 2018 

Analog Circuits 
10 
12 
10 
Communications 
11 
12 
10 
Control Systems 
12 
11 
10 
Digital Circuits 
9 
8 
12 
Electromagnetic 
9 
14 
13 
Electronic Devices 
12 
14 
14 
Engineering Mathematics 
15 
15 
15 
Networks, Signals & Systems 
6+6 
6+8 
9+7 
GATE Syllabus 2023 for CSE and IT
Section 
Topics 
Section 1: Engineering Mathematics Discrete Mathematics 
Propositional and first order logic. Sets, relations, functions, partial orders and lattices. Groups. Graphs: connectivity, matching, coloring. Combinatorics: counting, recurrence relations, generating functions. Linear Algebra: Matrices, determinants, system of linear equations, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, LU decomposition. Calculus: Limits, continuity and differentiability. Maxima and minima. Mean value theorem. Integration. Probability: Random variables. Uniform, normal, exponential, poisson and binomial distributions. Mean, median, mode and standard deviation. Conditional probability and Bayes theorem. 
Computer Science and Information Technology 

Section 2: Digital Logic Boolean algebra 
Combinational and sequential circuits. Minimization. Number representations and computer arithmetic (fixed and floating point). 
Section 3: Computer Organization and Architecture 
Machine instructions and addressing modes. ALU, data‐path and control unit. Instruction pipelining. Memory hierarchy: cache, main memory and secondary storage; I/O interface (interrupt and DMA mode). 
Section 4: Programming and Data Structures 
Programming in C. Recursion. Arrays, stacks, queues, linked lists, trees, binary search trees, binary heaps, graphs. 
Section 5: Algorithms 
Searching, sorting, hashing. Asymptotic worst case time and space complexity. Algorithm design techniques: greedy, dynamic programming and divide‐and‐conquer. Graph search, minimum spanning trees, shortest paths. 
Section 6: Theory of Computation 
Regular expressions and finite automata. Contextfree grammars and pushdown automata. Regular and contexfree languages, pumping lemma. Turing machines and undecidability. 
Section 7: Compiler Design 
Lexical analysis, parsing, syntaxdirected translation. Runtime environments. Intermediate code generation. 
Section 8: Operating System 
Processes, threads, inter‐process communication, concurrency and synchronization. Deadlock. CPU scheduling. Memory management and virtual memory. File systems. 
Section 9: Databases 
ER‐model. Relational model: relational algebra, tuple calculus, SQL. Integrity constraints, normal forms. File organization, indexing (e.g., B and B+ trees). Transactions and concurrency control. 
Section 10: Computer Networks 
Concept of layering. LAN technologies (Ethernet). Flow and error control techniques, switching. IPv4/IPv6, routers and routing algorithms (distance vector, link state). TCP/UDP and sockets, congestion control. Application layer protocols (DNS, SMTP, POP, FTP, HTTP). Basics of WiFi. Network security: authentication, basics of public key and private key cryptography, digital signatures and certificates, firewalls. 
GATE Syllabus 2023 Subject Wise Weightage
GATE Syllabus 2023 for CSE (Computer Science) Topic Wise Weightage
Topic 
Expected Weightage in Marks 
Topic 
Expected Weightage in Marks 
Theory of Computation 
7.5 
Operating System 
9 
Compiler Design 
2.75 
General Aptitude 
15 
Computer Organization & Architecture 
9 
Computer Networks 
7.5 
Programming & Data Structures 
10.5 
Soft. Engg/ Web Technology 
1.5 
Algorithms 
8 
Engineering Maths 
14.75 
Digital Logic 
5.25 
Database 
7.5 
GATE Syllabus 2023 for Mechanical Engineering Topic Wise Weightage
Topic 
Expected Weightage in Marks 
Topic 
Expected Weightage in Marks 
Engineering Mechanics 
2.5 
Thermodynamics 
12.75 
Strength of materials 
7.75 
Refrigeration & Air Conditioning 
1.25 
Heat Transfer 
6 
General Aptitude 
15 
Machine Design 
3.75 
Industrial Engineering 
8 
Fluid Mechanics 
7.5 
Engineering Maths 
12.25 
Theory of Mechanics 
9 
Manufacturing Engineering 
14.25 
GATE Syllabus 2023 (Electrical Engineering) Topic Wise Weightage
Topic 
Expected Weightage in Marks 
Topic 
Expected Weightage in Marks 
Network Theory 
11.75 
Analog & Digital Electronics 
11.25 
Signal & System 
8.5 
EMT 
2.75 
Control Systems 
9 
General Aptitude 
15 
Power Systems 
9.75 
Engineering Maths 
11.75 
Electrical machines 
8.25 
Power Electronics 
7.5 
Electrical & Electronics Measurements 
4.5 


GATE Syllabus 2023 for Instrumentation Engineering (Topic Wise Weightage)
Topic 
Expected weightage 
Topic 
Expected weightage 
Analog circuits 
11.75 
Circuits & Networks 
10.25 
Measurements 
6.25 
General Aptitude 
15 
Communications 
1.5 
Signals and Systems 
7.75 
Control System 
10.75 
Transducers 
12.25 
Digital Circuits 
7 
Engg Maths 
11.75 
Analytical Biomedical & Optical Instrumentation 
4.25 
Process Controls 
1.5 
GATE Syllabus 2023 for Civil Engineering Topic Wise Weightage
Topic 
Weightage 
Topic 
Weightage 
SOM 
7.75 
Design of Steel Structures 
4.25 
Structural Analysis 
3.5 
Highway & Surveying 
12 
FM and Hydraulic machine 
6.75 
Engineering Mathematics 
12.25 
Irrigation & Hydrology 
7.75 
General Aptitude 
15 
RCC and Prestressed concrete 
6.5 
Environment Engg 
9 
GeoTechnical 
15.25 


GATE Syllabus 2023  Electronics and Communication Engineering
Topic 
Weightage 
Topic 
Weightage 
Network Theory 
11.25 
Communication Systems 
10.75 
Electronics Devices & Circuits 
7.25 
EMT 
9.5 
Digital Circuits 
6 
Engineering Maths 
10.5 
Signal & Systems 
9 
General Aptitude 
15 
Analog Circuits 
11.75 
Micro Processors 
1.5 
Control Systems 
9 
 
 
GATE Syllabus 2023 for Humanities and Social Sciences
GATE Subjects 
Topics 
Reasoning and Comprehension (Mandatory) 
Reading Comprehension 
Expression 

Analytical reasoning 

Logical reasoning 

Economics 
Microeconomics 
Macroeconomics 

Statistics, Econometrics and Mathematical Economics 

International Economics 

Public Economics 

Development Economics 

Indian Economy 

English 
Multigenre literatures in English 
Comparative context, anglophone and literatures from India in English translation 

Literary criticism and theory 

History of English literature 

Research approaches and methodologies 

Linguistics 
Language and Linguistics 
Levels of Grammar and Grammatical Analysis


Historical Linguistics 

Sociolinguistics 

Areal Typology, Universals, Crosslinguistic Features 

Methods of analysis 

Applied Linguistics 

Philosophy 
Classical Indian Philosophy

Contemporary Indian Philosophy


Classical and Modern Western Philosophy


Contemporary Western Philosophy 

Psychology 
Research Methods and Statistics 
Psychometrics: Foundations of Psychological measurement; Basic components 

Biological and evolutionary basis of behaviour 

Perception, Learning, Memory and Forgetting 

Cognition: Thinking, Intelligence and Language 

Personality: Theories of personality 

Motivation, Emotion and Stress and Coping 

Social psychology 

Development across the lifespan 

Applications of Psychology 

Sociology 
Sociological Theory 
Research Methodology and Methods 

Sociological Concepts 

Agrarian Sociology and Rural Transformation 

Family, Marriage and Kinship 

Indian Society / Sociology of India 

Social Movements 

Sociology of Development 
GATE Syllabus 2023 of Biomedical Engineering (BM)
Section 1  Engineering Mathematics:
Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors.
Calculus: Mean value theorems, theorems of integral calculus, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, multiple integrals, Fourier series, vector identities, line, surface and volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green's theorems.
Differential equations: First order linear and nonlinear differential equations, higherorder linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Method of separation of variables, Cauchy's and Euler's equations, Initial and boundary value problems, solution of partial differential equations.
Analysis of complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy's integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor's and Laurent's series, residue theorem.
Probability and Statistics: Sampling theorems, conditional probability, mean, median, mode and standard deviation, random variables, discrete and continuous distributions: normal, Poisson and binomial distributions. Tests of Significance, statistical power analysis, and sample size estimation.
Linear Regression and correlation analysis
Numerical Methods: Matrix inversion, numerical solutions of nonlinear algebraic equations, iterative methods for solving differential equations, numerical integration.
Section 2  Electrical Circuits:
Voltage and current sources  independent, dependent, ideal and practical; vi relationships of resistor, inductor and capacitor; transient analysis of RLC circuits with de excitation; Kirchoffs laws, superposition, Thevenin, Norton, maximum power transfer and reciprocity theorems; Peak, average and rms values of ac quantities; apparent, active and reactive powers; phasor analysis, impedance and admittance; series and parallel resonance, realization of basic filters with R, L and C elements, Bode plot.
Section 3  Signals and Systems:
Continuous and Discrete Signal and Systems  Periodic, aperiodic and impulse signals; Sampling theorem; Laplace and Fourier transforms; impulse response of systems; transfer function, frequency response of first and secondorder linear timeinvariant systems, convolution, correlation. Discrete time systems  impulse response, frequency response, DFT, Z  transform; basics of IIR and FIR filters.
Section 4  Analog and Digital Electronics:
Basic characteristics and applications of the diode, BJT and MOSFET; Characteristics and applications of operational amplifiers  difference amplifier, adder, subtractor, integrator, differentiator, instrumentation amplifier, buffer, filters and waveform generators.
Number systems, Boolean algebra; combinational logic circuits  arithmetic circuits, comparators, Schmitt trigger, encoder/decoder, MUX/DEMUX, multivibrators; Sequential circuits  latches and flip flops, state diagrams, shift registers and counters; Principles of ADC and DAC; Microprocessor architecture, interfacing memory and input output devices.
Section 5  Measurements and Control Systems:
SI units, systematic and random errors in measurement, expression of uncertainty – accuracy and precision index, propagation of errors; PMMC, MI and dynamometer type instruments; de potentiometer;bridges for measurement ofR, LandC,Qmeter. Basics of control system  transfer function.
Section 6  Sensors and Instrumentation:
Sensors  resistive, capacitive, inductive, piezoelectric, Hall effect, electro chemical, optical; Sensor signal conditioning circuits; application of LASER in sensing and therapy.
Origin of biopotentials and their measurement techniques ECG, EEG, EMG, ERG, EOG, GSR, PCG, Principles of measuring blood pressure, body temperature, volume and flow in arteries, veins and tissues, respiratory measurements and cardiac output measurement.
Operating principle of medical equipment sphygmomanometer, ventilator, cardiac pacemaker, defibrillator, pulse oximeter, hemodialyzer; Electrical Isolation (optical and electrical) and Safety of Biomedical Instruments.
Section 7  Human Anatomy and Physiology:
Basics of cell, types of tissues and organ systems; Homeostasis; Basics of organ systems – musculoskeletal, respiratory, circulatory, excretory, endocrine, nervous, gastrointestinal and reproductive.
Section 8  Medical Imaging Systems:
Basic physics, Instrumentation and image formation techniques in medical imaging modalities such as XRay, Computed Tomography, Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography, Positron Emission Tomography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Ultrasound.
Section 9  Biomechanics:
Kinematics of muscles and joints  freebody diagrams and equilibrium, forces and stresses in joints, biomechanical analysis of joints, Gait analysis; Hard Tissues  Definition of Stress and Strain, Deformation Mechanics, structure and mechanical properties of bone – cortical and cancellous bones; Soft Tissues  Structure, functions, material properties, viscoelastic properties, Maxwell & Voight models; Biofluid mechanics  Flow properties of blood in the intact human cardiovascular system.
Section 10  Biomaterials:
Basic properties of biomaterials  Metallic, Ceramic, Polymeric and Composite; Fundamental characteristics of implants  biocompatibility, bioactivity, biodegradability; Basics of drug delivery; Basics of tissue engineering. Biomaterial characterization techniques  Rheology, Atomic Force Microscopy, Electron Microscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy.
Download PDF GATE Syllabus 2023
General Aptitude (GA)  Compulsory paper (Common Section in all Paper)
S.No. 
Papers 
General Aptitude (GA)  Compulsory paper (Common Section in all Paper) 

1 
Aerospace Engineering (AE) 
2 
Agricultural Engineering (AG) 
3 
Architecture and Planning (AR) 
4 
Biotechnology (BT) 
5 
Civil Engineering (CE) 
6 
Chemical Engineering (CH) 
7 
Computer Science (CS) and Information Technology (IT) 
8 
Chemistry (CY) 
9 
Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC) 
10 
Electrical Engineering (EE) 
11 
Ecology and Evolution (EY) 
12 
Geology and Geophysics (GG) 
13 
Instrumentation Engineering (IN) 
14 
Mathematics (MA) 
15 
Mechanical Engineering (ME) 
16 
Mining Engineering (MN) 
17 
Metallurgical Engineering (MT) 
18 
Petroleum Engineering (PE) 
19 
Physics (PH) 
20 
Production and Industrial Engineering (PI) 
21 
Textile Engineering and Fibre Science (TF) 
22 
Statistics 
23 
Biomedical Engineering (BM) 
24 
Engineering Sciences Syllabus (XE)  Any 2 optional sections 
Engineering Mathematics (XE A)  Compulsory section 

Fluid Mechanics (XE B) 

Material Science (XE C) 

Solid Mechanics (XE D) 

Thermodynamics (XE E) 

Polymer Science & Engineering (XE F) 

Food Technology (XE G) 

Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences (XE H) 

25 
Life Sciences (XL)  Any 2 optional sections 
Chemistry (XL P)  Compulsory section 

Biochemistry (XL Q) 

Botany (XL R) 

Microbiology (XL S) 

Zoology (XL T) 

Food Technology (XL U) 

26 
Humanities and Social Sciences 
27 
Environmental Science and Engineering 
GATE 2020 Branches 
Food Technology Syllabus 
GATE Syllabus 2023 For Civil Engineering (CE)
General Aptitude (Mandatory):
Verbal Ability Syllabus

English Grammar

Sentence Completion

Verbal Analogies

Word Groups Instructions

Critical Reasoning And Verbal Deduction, etc.
Numerical Ability

Numerical Computation

Numerical Estimation

Numerical Reasoning And Data Interpretation, etc.
Engineering Mathematics (Mandatory):

Linear Algebra

Calculus

Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE)

Partial Differential Equation (PDE)

Probability and Statistics

Numerical Methods.
Structural Engineering:

Solid Mechanics

Construction Materials and Management

Engineering Mechanics

Structural Analysis

Steel Structures

Concrete Structures
Environmental engineering:

Air pollution

Noise Pollution

Municipal Solid Wastes

Water and Waste Water
Transportation Engineering:

Traffic Engineering

Transportation Infrastructure

Highway Pavements
Geotechnical Engineering:

Foundation Engineering

Soil Mechanics
Water Resources Engineering:

Hydrology

Hydraulics

Fluid Mechanics

Irrigation
Geomatics Engineering
GATE Syllabus 2023 For Engineering Sciences Syllabus (XE) Any 2 optional sections
GATE Syllabus 2023 
Life Sciences (XL)  Any 2 optional sections
GATE Syllabus 2023 
What are the Recommended Books for Instrumentation Engineering?
Check the below list of recommended books for the Instrumentation engineering paper.

Advanced Engineering Mathematics  By Erwin Kreyzig

Engineering Circuit Analysis  By Steven M. Durbin

Fundamentals of Microelectronics  By Behzad Razavi

Signals & Systems  By Alan V. Oppenheim

Modern Digital and Analog Communication System  By BP Lathi

Automatic Control Systems  BC Kuo

Introduction of Measurements and Instrumentation  By Arun K Ghosh
GATE CSE Exam Pattern
Particulars 
Specifications 
Exam duration 
3 hours 
Exam mode 
Online (Computerbased test) 
Type and total number of Question 
Total 65 Questions MCQs and MSQs and/or Numerical Answer Type (NAT) questions 
Total marks of the exam 
100 
Total number of sections 

Marking Scheme 

GATE Syllabus for Physics 2022
GATE Syllabus for Physics 2022 includes nine sections/ major topics apart from General Aptitude. These include:
Important Topics for GATE Physics Syllabus 


Mathematical Physics 
Classical Mechanics 
Electromagnetic Theory 
Quantum Mechanics 
Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics 
Atomic and Molecular Physics 
Solid State Physics 
Electronics 
Nuclear and Particle Physics 
General Aptitude 
Section 1: Mathematical Physics

Linear vector space: basis, orthogonality and completeness; matrices; vector calculus; linear differential equations; elements of complex analysis

Cauchy Riemann conditions, Cauchy’s theorems, singularities, residue theorem and applications

Laplace transforms, Fourier analysis; elementary ideas about tensors: covariant and contravariant tensor, LeviCivita and Christoffel symbols.
Section 2: Classical Mechanics

Alembert’s principle, cyclic coordinates, variational principle

Lagrange’s equation of motion, central force and scattering problems, rigid body motion; small oscillations

Hamilton’s formalisms; Poisson bracket; special theory of relativity

Lorentz transformations, relativistic kinematics, mass‐energy equivalence.
Section 3: Electromagnetic Theory

Solutions of electrostatic and magnetostatic problems including boundary value problems; dielectrics and conductors

Maxwell’s equations; scalar and vector potentials; Coulomb and Lorentz gauges

Electromagnetic waves and their reflection, refraction, interference, diffraction and polarization

Poynting vector, Poynting theorem, energy and momentum of electromagnetic waves; radiation from a moving charge.
Section 4: Quantum Mechanics

Postulates of quantum mechanics; uncertainty principle

Schrodinger equation; one, two and threedimensional potential problems; particle in a box, transmission through onedimensional potential barriers, harmonic oscillator, hydrogen atom; linear vectors and operators in Hilbert space; angular momentum and spin; addition of angular momenta; timeindependent perturbation theory; elementary scattering theory.
Section 5: Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics

Laws of thermodynamics; macrostates and microstates; phase space; ensemble

Partition function, free energy, calculation of thermodynamic quantities; classical and quantum statistics; degenerate

Fermi gas; black body radiation and Planck’s distribution law; Bose‐Einstein condensation; first and secondorder phase transitions, phase equilibria, critical point.
Section 6: Atomic and Molecular Physics

Spectra of one‐ and many‐electron atoms

LS and jj coupling; hyperfine structure; Zeeman and Stark effects; electric dipole transitions and selection rules; rotational and vibrational spectra of diatomic molecules; electronic transition in diatomic molecules

Franck‐Condon principle; Raman effect; NMR, ESR, Xray spectra; lasers: Einstein coefficients, population inversion, two and threelevel systems.
Section 7: Solid State Physics

Elements of crystallography; diffraction methods for structure determination; bonding in solids; lattice vibrations and thermal properties of solids; free electron theory; band theory of solids: nearly free electron and tightbinding models; metals, semiconductors and insulators; conductivity, mobility and effective mass;

Optical properties of solids; KramersKronig relation, intra and interband transitions; dielectric properties of solid; dielectric function, polarizability, ferroelectricity; magnetic properties of solids; dia, para, ferro, antiferro and ferrimagnetism, domains and magnetic anisotropy; superconductivity: TypeI and Type II superconductors, Meissner effect, London equation, BCS Theory, flux quantization.
Section 8: Electronics

Semiconductors in equilibrium: electron and hole statistics in intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors; metalsemiconductor junctions;

Ohmic and rectifying contacts; PN diodes, bipolar junction transistors, field effect transistors; negative and positive feedback circuits; oscillators, operational amplifiers, active filters; basics of digital logic circuits, combinational and sequential circuits, flipflops, timers, counters, registers, A/D and D/A conversion.
Section 9: Nuclear and Particle Physics

Nuclear radii and charge distributions, nuclear binding energy

Electric and magnetic moments; nuclear models, liquid drop model: semi‐empirical mass formula

Fermi gas model of nucleus, nuclear shell model; nuclear force and two nucleon problem; alpha decay, beta‐decay, electromagnetic transitions in nuclei

Rutherford scattering, nuclear reactions, conservation laws; fission and fusion; particle accelerators and detectors; elementary particles, photons, baryons, mesons and leptons; quark model.
Section 10  General Aptitude
Verbal Ability 
Numerical Ability 

English grammar; Sentence completion, Instructions; Verbal analogies, Word groups; Critical reasoning, Verbal deduction. 
Numerical computation; Numerical reasoning; Numerical estimation; Data interpretation. 
Best Books for GATE 2022 Physics
Book 
Author/ Publication 

Chapterwise Solved Papers Physics GATE 
Vijay Kumar 
GATE 2022 – Guide – Physics 
GKP 
GATE  Physics  Chapterwise Previous Year's Solved Papers 
Dr Vijay Kumar  Dr Israt Ali 
GATE Exam Pattern 2022 for Physics

Mode of Examination: Online

Duration of exam: 3 hours

Type of questions: MCQs, MSQs, & NATs

Total Sections: 2 sections i.e. General Aptitude and Subjectbased

Total questions: 65

Total marks: 100 marks

Negative marking: for MCQs only
Section 
Distribution of Marks 
Total Marks 
Types of questions 

General Aptitude 
5 questions of 1 mark each 5 questions of 2 marks each 
15 marks 
MCQs 
GATE Physics 
25 questions of 1 mark each 30 questions of 2 marks each 
85 marks 
MCQs, MSQ and NATs 
GATE Physics Marking Scheme 2022
Type of question 
Negative marking for wrong answer 

MCQ 
1/3 for 1 mark questions 2/3 for 2 marks questions 
NAT/MSQ 
No negative marking 
Books to Refer for GATE CSE
Name of the Book 
Author 
Discrete Mathematics and Its Applications 
Kenneth Rosen 
Computer Networking: A TopDown Approach 
Kurose & Ross 
Computer Organization and Embedded systems 
Carl Hamacher 
Database System Concepts 
Korth 
Compilers: Principles, Techniques and Tools 
Aho & Ullman 
Software Engineering: A Practitioner’s Approach 
Pressman 
The C Programming language 
Dennis Richie 
Introduction to Algorithms 
Cormen 
Digital Design 
Morris Mano 
An Introduction to Formal Languages and Automata 
Peter Linz 
GATE Cutoff 2022 for CSE
It's crucial to know how many marks one needs to pass the GATE CSE exam after learning the GATE Syllabus 2023 for CSE and IT. The GATE CSE cutoff is the minimum GATE score required to pass the exam. The GATE qualifying threshold varies depending on the category. Candidates can consult the table below for the prior year's GATE qualifying cutoff:
GATE CSE Cutoff (Qualifying)
Year 
General 
OBC 
SC/ ST/ PH 
2021 
26.1 
23.4 
17.4 
2020 
28.5 
25.6 
19.0 
2019 
29.5 
26.6 
19.7 
2018 
25 
22.5 
16.6 
2017 
25 
22.5 
16.6 
2016 
25 
22.5 
16.6 
2015 
25 
22.5 
16.67 
2014 
25 
22.25 
16.67 
2013 
25 
22.25 
16.67 
GATE 2023 Syllabus 2023  FAQ
Candidates are allowed to apply for only one paper on the basis of their educational qualification.
GATE is held for a total of 25 papers, depending upon the candidate's eligibility, they can choose any one of all 25 papers. Biomedical Engineering paper has been added this year. If a candidate is eligible to apply for this paper then he/she can apply.
There are no major changes in the GATE 2023 syllabus prescribed by the authorities. Candidates are advised to refer to the syllabus prescribed by the IIT Bombay only.
The authorities have not released the syllabus of GATE 2023 yet.
Candidates can refer to An Introduction to Formal Languages and Automata by Peter Linz to prepare for the theory of computation.