GATE Syllabus 2023 Check To Download PDF For GATE Subject Wise Syllabus For All Paper, Exam Pattern Here

GATE Syllabus 2023 Candidates can now download the IITK GATE 2023 syllabus from the official website - This page also contains the subject-specific GATE syllabus 2023 pdf. The GATE 2023 syllabus includes the important topics and chapters that must be prepared by the candidate taking the GATE exam. Candidates can use the GATE exam 2023 syllabus to identify the important topics that will require more time and practise to prepare for the Graduate Aptitude Test 2023.

by Vinothini S | Last updated: Jan 30, 2023

GATE Syllabus 2023  Check To Download PDF For GATE Subject Wise Syllabus For All Paper, Exam Pattern Here

GATE Syllabus 2023 Check To Download PDF For GATE Subject Wise Syllabus For All Paper, Exam Pattern Here

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New Update on 30.01.2023: GATE Syllabus 2023 - Candidates can now access the official IITK GATE Syllabus 2023 at This page also contains the subject-wise GATE syllabus 2023 pdf. The GATE Syllabus 2023 includes the important topics and chapters that candidates must prepare for when taking the GATE exam. Candidates can use the GATE exam 2023 syllabus to determine which topics require more time and practice to prepare for the Graduate Aptitude Test 2023.

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GATE Syllabus 2023 - Overview

Institute Name

Indian Institute Of Technology, Bombay(IIT, Bombay)

Name Of The Exam

Graduate Aptitude Test In Engineering (GATE) – 2022

Type Of Exam

Entrance Test For PG Courses In Engineering in IIT’, NIT’s & Other Colleges


Across India

Official Website

GATE Syllabus 2023 for Instrumentation Engineering

Section 1: Engineering Mathematics


  • Evaluation of definite and improper integrals

  • Line, surface, and volume integrals

  • Taylor series.

  • Maxima and minima

  • Multiple integrals

  • Mean value theorems

  • Partial derivatives

  • Theorems of integral calculus

Complex Analysis:

  • Analytic functions

  • Cauchy's integral formula

  • Cauchy's integral theorem

  • Residue theorem.

  • Taylor's and Laurent's series

Differential Equations:

  • Cauchy's and Euler's equations

  • Complementary function and particular integral, partial differential equations

  • First-order equations (linear and nonlinear)

  • Higher-order linear differential equations

  • Initial and boundary value problems.

  • Methods of solution using a variety of parameters

  • Variable separable method

Linear Algebra:

  • Basis, linear dependence, and independence

  • Matrix algebra

  • Eigenvalues and Eigen vectors

  • Vector space

  • Rank, solution of linear equations – existence and uniqueness.

Numerical Methods:

  • Convergence criteria.

  • Single and multi-step methods for differential equations

  • Solution of nonlinear equations

Probability and Statistics:

  • Combinatorial probability

  • Correlation and regression analysis.

  • Joint and conditional probability

  • Mean, median, mode, and standard deviation

  • Poisson, exponential and normal

  • Probability distribution functions - binomial

Vector Analysis:

  • Gauss's, Green's, and Stoke’s theorems.

  • Vectors in plane and space

  • Vector operations, gradient, divergence, and curl

Section 2: Networks, Signals, and Systems

Continuous-time signals:

  • Discrete-time signals: discrete-time

  • Fourier series and Fourier transform representations

  • Interpolation of discrete-time signals

  • Fourier transform (DTFT), DFT, FFT, Z-transform

  • LTI systems: definition and properties, causality, stability, impulse response, convolution, poles and zeros, parallel and cascade structure, frequency response, group delay, phase delay, digital filter design techniques.

  • Sampling theorem and applications

Network solution methods:

  • Frequency domain analysis of RLC circuits

  • Linear 2‐port network parameters: driving point and transfer functions

  • Network theorems: superposition

  • Nodal and mesh analysis

  • Solution of network equations using Laplace transform

  • State equations for networks.

  • Steady-state sinusoidal analysis using phasors

  • Thevenin and Norton’s, maximum power transfer

  • Time-domain analysis of simple linear circuits

  • Wye‐Delta transformation

Section 3: Electronic Devices

  • Energy bands in intrinsic and extrinsic silicon

  • Carrier transport: diffusion current, drift current, mobility, and resistivity

  • Generation and recombination of carriers

  • Integrated circuit fabrication process: oxidation, diffusion, ion implantation, photolithography, and twin-tub CMOS process.

  • MOSFET, LED, photodiode, and solar cell

  • Poisson and continuity equations

  • P-N junction, Zener diode, BJT, MOS capacitor

Section 4: Analog Circuits

  • Active filters

  • BJTs and MOSFETs

  • Single-stage BJT and MOSFET amplifiers: biasing, bias stability, mid-frequency small-signal analysis, and frequency response

  • BJT and MOSFET amplifiers: multi-stage, differential, feedback, power, and operational

  • Function generators, wave-shaping circuits, and 555 timers

  • Power supplies: ripple removal and regulation.

  • Simple op-amp circuits

  • Sinusoidal oscillators: criterion for oscillation, single-transistor and op-amp configurations

  • Small signal equivalent circuits of diodes

  • Simple diode circuits: clipping, clamping, and rectifiers

  • Voltage reference circuits

Section 5: Digital Circuits

  • Data converters: sample and hold circuits, ADCs and DACs

  • Number systems

  • Combinatorial circuits: Boolean algebra, minimization of functions using Boolean identities and Karnaugh map, logic gates and their static CMOS implementations, arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers, decoders, and PLAs

  • Semiconductor memories: ROM, SRAM, DRAM; 8-bit microprocessor (8085): architecture, programming, memory, and I/O interfacing.

  • Sequential circuits: latches and flip‐flops, counters, shift‐registers, and finite state machines

Section 6: Control Systems

  • Basic control system components

  • Bode and root-locus plots

  • Frequency response

  • Block diagram representation

  • Lag, lead and lag-lead compensation

  • Signal flow graph

  • Feedback principle

  • State variable model and solution of state equation of LTI systems.

  • Transfer function

  • Routh-Hurwitz and Nyquist stability criteria

  • Transient and steady-state analysis of LTI systems

Section 7: Communications

Digital communications:

  • Hamming codes

  • Amplitude, phase, and frequency-shift keying (ASK, PSK, FSK),

  • Basics of TDMA, FDMA, and CDMA.

  • Fundamentals of error correction

  • Matched filter receiver


  • SNR and BER for digital modulation

  • Digital modulation schemes

  • QAM, MAP, and ML decoding

  • Calculation of bandwidth

  • Timing and frequency synchronization, inter-symbol interference and its mitigation

Random processes:

  • Analog communications: amplitude modulation and demodulation

  • Angle modulation and demodulation

  • Autocorrelation and power spectral density

  • Circuits for analog communications

  • Filtering of random signals through LTI systems

  • Properties of white noise

  • Spectra of AM and FM

  • Information theory: entropy, mutual information, and channel capacity theorem.

  • Superheterodyne receivers

Section 8: Electromagnetics


  • Boundary conditions

  • Maxwell’s equations: differential and integral forms and their interpretation

  • Plane waves and properties: reflection and refraction, polarization, phase and group velocity, propagation through various media, skin depth;

  • Poynting vector

  • Wave equation

Transmission lines:

  • Characteristic impedance

  • Equations

  • Impedance matching

  • Impedance transformation

  • Smith chart

  • S-parameters


  • Antennas and its’ types

  • Basics of radar

  • Boundary conditions

  • Cut-off frequencies

  • Dispersion relations

  • Gain and directivity

  • Light propagation in optical fibers.

  • Modes

  • Radiation pattern

  • Return loss, antenna arrays

GATE Syllabus for ECE Books

  • Electronics and Communication Engineering

  • Higher Engineering Mathematics by Dr B.S. Grewal

  • Network Theory by Alexander Sadiku

  • Integrated Electronics:- Jacob Millman & Christos C. Halkias

  • Signals & Systems By Alan V. Oppenheim

  • Automatic Control Systems by Benjamin C. Kuo

  • Analog and Digital Communication System by Simon Haykin

  • Elements of Electromagnetics by Matthew N.O. Sadiku

  • Semiconductor devices by David Neamen

GATE Syllabus for ECE Weightage


The weightage (Marks) 2020

The weightage (Marks) 2019

The weightage (Marks) 2018

Analog Circuits








Control Systems




Digital Circuits








Electronic Devices




Engineering Mathematics




Networks, Signals & Systems




GATE Syllabus 2023 for CSE and IT



Section 1: Engineering Mathematics Discrete Mathematics

Propositional and first order logic. Sets, relations, functions, partial orders and lattices. Groups. Graphs: connectivity, matching, coloring. Combinatorics: counting, recurrence relations, generating functions. Linear Algebra: Matrices, determinants, system of linear equations, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, LU decomposition. Calculus: Limits, continuity and differentiability. Maxima and minima. Mean value theorem. Integration. Probability: Random variables. Uniform, normal, exponential, poisson and binomial distributions. Mean, median, mode and standard deviation. Conditional probability and Bayes theorem.

Computer Science and Information Technology

Section 2: Digital Logic Boolean algebra

Combinational and sequential circuits. Minimization. Number representations and computer arithmetic (fixed and floating point).

Section 3: Computer Organization and Architecture

Machine instructions and addressing modes. ALU, data‐path and control unit. Instruction pipelining. Memory hierarchy: cache, main memory and secondary storage; I/O interface (interrupt and DMA mode).

Section 4: Programming and Data Structures

Programming in C. Recursion. Arrays, stacks, queues, linked lists, trees, binary search trees, binary heaps, graphs.

Section 5: Algorithms

Searching, sorting, hashing. Asymptotic worst case time and space complexity. Algorithm design techniques: greedy, dynamic programming and divide‐and‐conquer. Graph search, minimum spanning trees, shortest paths.

Section 6: Theory of Computation

Regular expressions and finite automata. Context-free grammars and push-down automata. Regular and contex-free languages, pumping lemma. Turing machines and undecidability.

Section 7: Compiler Design

Lexical analysis, parsing, syntax-directed translation. Runtime environments. Intermediate code generation.

Section 8: Operating System

Processes, threads, inter‐process communication, concurrency and synchronization. Deadlock. CPU scheduling. Memory management and virtual memory. File systems.

Section 9: Databases

ER‐model. Relational model: relational algebra, tuple calculus, SQL. Integrity constraints, normal forms. File organization, indexing (e.g., B and B+ trees). Transactions and concurrency control.

Section 10: Computer Networks

Concept of layering. LAN technologies (Ethernet). Flow and error control techniques, switching. IPv4/IPv6, routers and routing algorithms (distance vector, link state). TCP/UDP and sockets, congestion control. Application layer protocols (DNS, SMTP, POP, FTP, HTTP). Basics of Wi-Fi. Network security: authentication, basics of public key and private key cryptography, digital signatures and certificates, firewalls.

GATE Syllabus 2023 Subject Wise Weightage

GATE Syllabus 2023 for CSE (Computer Science)- Topic Wise Weightage


Expected Weightage in Marks


Expected Weightage in Marks

Theory of Computation


Operating System


Compiler Design


General Aptitude


Computer Organization & Architecture


Computer Networks


Programming & Data Structures


Soft. Engg/ Web Technology




Engineering Maths


Digital Logic




GATE Syllabus 2023 for Mechanical Engineering- Topic Wise Weightage


Expected Weightage in Marks


Expected Weightage in Marks

Engineering Mechanics




Strength of materials


Refrigeration & Air Conditioning


Heat Transfer


General Aptitude


Machine Design


Industrial Engineering


Fluid Mechanics


Engineering Maths


Theory of Mechanics


Manufacturing Engineering


GATE Syllabus 2023 (Electrical Engineering)- Topic Wise Weightage


Expected Weightage in Marks


Expected Weightage in Marks

Network Theory


Analog & Digital Electronics


Signal & System




Control Systems


General Aptitude


Power Systems


Engineering Maths


Electrical machines


Power Electronics


Electrical & Electronics Measurements


GATE Syllabus 2023 for Instrumentation Engineering (Topic Wise Weightage)


Expected weightage


Expected weightage

Analog circuits


Circuits & Networks




General Aptitude




Signals and Systems


Control System




Digital Circuits


Engg Maths


Analytical Biomedical & Optical Instrumentation


Process Controls


GATE Syllabus 2023 for Civil Engineering- Topic Wise Weightage







Design of Steel Structures


Structural Analysis


Highway & Surveying


FM and Hydraulic machine


Engineering Mathematics


Irrigation & Hydrology


General Aptitude


RCC and Prestressed concrete


Environment Engg




GATE Syllabus 2023 - Electronics and Communication Engineering





Network Theory


Communication Systems


Electronics Devices & Circuits




Digital Circuits


Engineering Maths


Signal & Systems


General Aptitude


Analog Circuits


Micro Processors


Control Systems




GATE Syllabus 2023 for Humanities and Social Sciences

GATE Subjects


Reasoning and Comprehension (Mandatory)

Reading Comprehension


Analytical reasoning

Logical reasoning




Statistics, Econometrics and Mathematical Economics

International Economics

Public Economics

Development Economics

Indian Economy


Multi-genre literatures in English

Comparative context, anglophone and literatures from India in English translation

Literary criticism and theory

History of English literature

Research approaches and methodologies


Language and Linguistics

Levels of Grammar and Grammatical Analysis

  • Phonetics and Phonology

  • Morphology

  • Syntax

  • Semantics and Pragmatics

Historical Linguistics


Areal Typology, Universals, Cross-linguistic Features

Methods of analysis

Applied Linguistics


Classical Indian Philosophy

  • Orthodox Systems: Sānkhya

  • Heterodox Systems: Cārvāka

  • Upaniṣads, Bhagavadgītā, and Dharmaśāstras

  • Kāṣmira Śaivism, Śaivasiddhānta, Vīra Śaivism, Śāktism and Vaiṣṇavism

Contemporary Indian Philosophy

  • Vivekananda

Classical and Modern Western Philosophy

  • Metaphysics

  • Epistemology

  • Ethics

  • Social and Political Philosophy

  • Logic

Contemporary Western Philosophy


Research Methods and Statistics

Psychometrics: Foundations of Psychological measurement; Basic components

Biological and evolutionary basis of behaviour

Perception, Learning, Memory and Forgetting

Cognition: Thinking, Intelligence and Language

Personality: Theories of personality

Motivation, Emotion and Stress and Coping

Social psychology

Development across the lifespan

Applications of Psychology


Sociological Theory

Research Methodology and Methods

Sociological Concepts

Agrarian Sociology and Rural Transformation

Family, Marriage and Kinship

Indian Society / Sociology of India

Social Movements

Sociology of Development

GATE Syllabus 2023 of Biomedical Engineering (BM)

Section 1 - Engineering Mathematics:

Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors.

Calculus: Mean value theorems, theorems of integral calculus, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, multiple integrals, Fourier series, vector identities, line, surface and volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green's theorems.

Differential equations: First order linear and nonlinear differential equations, higher-order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Method of separation of variables, Cauchy's and Euler's equations, Initial and boundary value problems, solution of partial differential equations.

Analysis of complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy's integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor's and Laurent's series, residue theorem.

Probability and Statistics: Sampling theorems, conditional probability, mean, median, mode and standard deviation, random variables, discrete and continuous distributions: normal, Poisson and binomial distributions. Tests of Significance, statistical power analysis, and sample size estimation.

Linear Regression and correlation analysis

Numerical Methods: Matrix inversion, numerical solutions of nonlinear algebraic equations, iterative methods for solving differential equations, numerical integration.

Section 2 - Electrical Circuits:

Voltage and current sources - independent, dependent, ideal and practical; v-i relationships of resistor, inductor and capacitor; transient analysis of RLC circuits with de excitation; Kirchoffs laws, superposition, Thevenin, Norton, maximum power transfer and reciprocity theorems; Peak, average and rms values of ac quantities; apparent, active and reactive powers; phasor analysis, impedance and admittance; series and parallel resonance, realization of basic filters with R, L and C elements, Bode plot.

Section 3 - Signals and Systems:

Continuous and Discrete Signal and Systems - Periodic, aperiodic and impulse signals; Sampling theorem; Laplace and Fourier transforms; impulse response of systems; transfer function, frequency response of first and second-order linear time-invariant systems, convolution, correlation. Discrete time systems - impulse response, frequency response, DFT, Z - transform; basics of IIR and FIR filters.

Section 4 - Analog and Digital Electronics:

Basic characteristics and applications of the diode, BJT and MOSFET; Characteristics and applications of operational amplifiers - difference amplifier, adder, subtractor, integrator, differentiator, instrumentation amplifier, buffer, filters and waveform generators.

Number systems, Boolean algebra; combinational logic circuits - arithmetic circuits, comparators, Schmitt trigger, encoder/decoder, MUX/DEMUX, multi-vibrators; Sequential circuits - latches and flip flops, state diagrams, shift registers and counters; Principles of ADC and DAC; Microprocessor- architecture, interfacing memory and input- output devices.

Section 5 - Measurements and Control Systems:

SI units, systematic and random errors in measurement, expression of uncertainty – accuracy and precision index, propagation of errors; PMMC, MI and dynamometer type instruments; de potentiometer;bridges for measurement ofR, LandC,Q-meter. Basics of control system - transfer function.

Section 6 - Sensors and Instrumentation:

Sensors - resistive, capacitive, inductive, piezoelectric, Hall effect, electro chemical, optical; Sensor signal conditioning circuits; application of LASER in sensing and therapy.

Origin of biopotentials and their measurement techniques- ECG, EEG, EMG, ERG, EOG, GSR, PCG, Principles of measuring blood pressure, body temperature, volume and flow in arteries, veins and tissues, respiratory measurements and cardiac output measurement.

Operating principle of medical equipment -sphygmomanometer, ventilator, cardiac pacemaker, defibrillator, pulse oximeter, hemodialyzer; Electrical Isolation (optical and electrical) and Safety of Biomedical Instruments.

Section 7 - Human Anatomy and Physiology:

Basics of cell, types of tissues and organ systems; Homeostasis; Basics of organ systems – musculoskeletal, respiratory, circulatory, excretory, endocrine, nervous, gastro-intestinal and reproductive.

Section 8 - Medical Imaging Systems:

Basic physics, Instrumentation and image formation techniques in medical imaging modalities such as X-Ray, Computed Tomography, Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography, Positron Emission Tomography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Ultrasound.

Section 9 - Biomechanics:

Kinematics of muscles and joints - free-body diagrams and equilibrium, forces and stresses in joints, biomechanical analysis of joints, Gait analysis; Hard Tissues - Definition of Stress and Strain, Deformation Mechanics, structure and mechanical properties of bone – cortical and cancellous bones; Soft Tissues - Structure, functions, material properties, viscoelastic properties, Maxwell & Voight models; Biofluid mechanics - Flow properties of blood in the intact human cardiovascular system.

Section 10 - Biomaterials:

Basic properties of biomaterials - Metallic, Ceramic, Polymeric and Composite; Fundamental characteristics of implants - biocompatibility, bioactivity, biodegradability; Basics of drug delivery; Basics of tissue engineering. Biomaterial characterization techniques - Rheology, Atomic Force Microscopy, Electron Microscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy.

Download PDF GATE Syllabus 2023

General Aptitude (GA) - Compulsory paper (Common Section in all Paper)



General Aptitude (GA) - Compulsory paper (Common Section in all Paper)


Aerospace Engineering (AE)


Agricultural Engineering (AG)


Architecture and Planning (AR)


Biotechnology (BT)


Civil Engineering (CE)


Chemical Engineering (CH)


Computer Science (CS) and Information Technology (IT)


Chemistry (CY)


Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC)


Electrical Engineering (EE)


Ecology and Evolution (EY)


Geology and Geophysics (GG)


Instrumentation Engineering (IN)


Mathematics (MA)


Mechanical Engineering (ME)


Mining Engineering (MN)


Metallurgical Engineering (MT)


Petroleum Engineering (PE)


Physics (PH)


Production and Industrial Engineering (PI)


Textile Engineering and Fibre Science (TF)




Biomedical Engineering (BM)


Engineering Sciences Syllabus (XE) - Any 2 optional sections

Engineering Mathematics (XE A) - Compulsory section

Fluid Mechanics (XE B)

Material Science (XE C)

Solid Mechanics (XE D)

Thermodynamics (XE E)

Polymer Science & Engineering (XE F)

Food Technology (XE G)

Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences (XE H)


Life Sciences (XL) - Any 2 optional sections

Chemistry (XL P) - Compulsory section

Biochemistry (XL Q)

Botany (XL R)

Microbiology (XL S)

Zoology (XL T)

Food Technology (XL U)


Humanities and Social Sciences


Environmental Science and Engineering

GATE 2020 Branches

Aerospace Engineering(AE)

Agricultural Engineering(AG)

Architecture and Planning(AR)

Bio Technology(BT)

Civil Engineering(CE)

Chemical Engineering(CH)

Computer Science And Information Technology


Electronics And Communication Engineering

Electrical Engineering

Ecology and Evolution

Geology And Geophysics

Food Technology Syllabus

Instrumentation Engineering


Mechanical Engineering

Mining Engineering

Metallurgical Engineering

Petroleum Engineering


Production And Industrial Engineering

Textile Engineering And Fibre Science


Biomedical Engineering

GATE Syllabus 2023 For Civil Engineering (CE)

General Aptitude (Mandatory):

Verbal Ability Syllabus

  • English Grammar

  • Sentence Completion

  • Verbal Analogies

  • Word Groups Instructions

  • Critical Reasoning And Verbal Deduction, etc.

Numerical Ability

  • Numerical Computation

  • Numerical Estimation

  • Numerical Reasoning And Data Interpretation, etc.

Engineering Mathematics (Mandatory):

  • Linear Algebra

  • Calculus

  • Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE)

  • Partial Differential Equation (PDE)

  • Probability and Statistics

  • Numerical Methods.

Structural Engineering:

  • Solid Mechanics

  • Construction Materials and Management

  • Engineering Mechanics

  • Structural Analysis

  • Steel Structures

  • Concrete Structures

Environmental engineering:

  • Air pollution

  • Noise Pollution

  • Municipal Solid Wastes

  • Water and Waste Water

Transportation Engineering:

  • Traffic Engineering

  • Transportation Infrastructure

  • Highway Pavements

Geotechnical Engineering:

  • Foundation Engineering

  • Soil Mechanics

Water Resources Engineering:

  • Hydrology

  • Hydraulics

  • Fluid Mechanics

  • Irrigation

Geomatics Engineering

What are the Recommended Books for Instrumentation Engineering?

Check the below list of recommended books for the Instrumentation engineering paper.

  • Advanced Engineering Mathematics - By Erwin Kreyzig

  • Engineering Circuit Analysis - By Steven M. Durbin

  • Fundamentals of Microelectronics - By Behzad Razavi

  • Signals & Systems - By Alan V. Oppenheim

  • Modern Digital and Analog Communication System - By BP Lathi

  • Automatic Control Systems - BC Kuo

  • Introduction of Measurements and Instrumentation - By Arun K Ghosh

GATE CSE Exam Pattern



Exam duration

3 hours

Exam mode

Online (Computer-based test)

Type and total number of Question

Total 65 Questions

MCQs and MSQs and/or Numerical Answer Type (NAT) questions

Total marks of the exam


Total number of sections

  • Aptitude

  • Engineering Mathematics

  • Subject-specific questions

Marking Scheme

  • 1 mark MCQs – 1/3 mark will be deducted for every wrong answer.

  • 2 mark MCQs – 2/3 mark will be deducted for every wrong response.

  • Zero marks will be awarded for unattempted questions

  • No negative marking will be done for Numerical Answer Type (NAT) questions

GATE Syllabus for Physics 2022

GATE Syllabus for Physics 2022 includes nine sections/ major topics apart from General Aptitude. These include:

Important Topics for GATE Physics Syllabus

Mathematical Physics

Classical Mechanics

Electromagnetic Theory

Quantum Mechanics

Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics

Atomic and Molecular Physics

Solid State Physics


Nuclear and Particle Physics

General Aptitude

Section 1: Mathematical Physics

  • Linear vector space: basis, orthogonality and completeness; matrices; vector calculus; linear differential equations; elements of complex analysis

  • Cauchy Riemann conditions, Cauchy’s theorems, singularities, residue theorem and applications

  • Laplace transforms, Fourier analysis; elementary ideas about tensors: covariant and contravariant tensor, Levi-Civita and Christoffel symbols.

Section 2: Classical Mechanics

  • Alembert’s principle, cyclic coordinates, variational principle

  • Lagrange’s equation of motion, central force and scattering problems, rigid body motion; small oscillations

  • Hamilton’s formalisms; Poisson bracket; special theory of relativity

  • Lorentz transformations, relativistic kinematics, mass‐energy equivalence.

Section 3: Electromagnetic Theory

  • Solutions of electrostatic and magnetostatic problems including boundary value problems; dielectrics and conductors

  • Maxwell’s equations; scalar and vector potentials; Coulomb and Lorentz gauges

  • Electromagnetic waves and their reflection, refraction, interference, diffraction and polarization

  • Poynting vector, Poynting theorem, energy and momentum of electromagnetic waves; radiation from a moving charge.

Section 4: Quantum Mechanics

  • Postulates of quantum mechanics; uncertainty principle

  • Schrodinger equation; one-, two- and three-dimensional potential problems; particle in a box, transmission through one-dimensional potential barriers, harmonic oscillator, hydrogen atom; linear vectors and operators in Hilbert space; angular momentum and spin; addition of angular momenta; time-independent perturbation theory; elementary scattering theory.

Section 5: Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics

  • Laws of thermodynamics; macrostates and microstates; phase space; ensemble

  • Partition function, free energy, calculation of thermodynamic quantities; classical and quantum statistics; degenerate

  • Fermi gas; black body radiation and Planck’s distribution law; Bose‐Einstein condensation; first and second-order phase transitions, phase equilibria, critical point.

Section 6: Atomic and Molecular Physics

  • Spectra of one‐ and many‐electron atoms

  • LS and jj coupling; hyperfine structure; Zeeman and Stark effects; electric dipole transitions and selection rules; rotational and vibrational spectra of diatomic molecules; electronic transition in diatomic molecules

  • Franck‐Condon principle; Raman effect; NMR, ESR, X-ray spectra; lasers: Einstein coefficients, population inversion, two and three-level systems.

Section 7: Solid State Physics

  • Elements of crystallography; diffraction methods for structure determination; bonding in solids; lattice vibrations and thermal properties of solids; free electron theory; band theory of solids: nearly free electron and tight-binding models; metals, semiconductors and insulators; conductivity, mobility and effective mass;

  • Optical properties of solids; Kramers-Kronig relation, intra- and inter-band transitions; dielectric properties of solid; dielectric function, polarizability, ferroelectricity; magnetic properties of solids; dia, para, ferro, antiferro and ferri-magnetism, domains and magnetic anisotropy; superconductivity: Type-I and Type II superconductors, Meissner effect, London equation, BCS Theory, flux quantization.

Section 8: Electronics

  • Semiconductors in equilibrium: electron and hole statistics in intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors; metal-semiconductor junctions;

  • Ohmic and rectifying contacts; PN diodes, bipolar junction transistors, field effect transistors; negative and positive feedback circuits; oscillators, operational amplifiers, active filters; basics of digital logic circuits, combinational and sequential circuits, flip-flops, timers, counters, registers, A/D and D/A conversion.

Section 9: Nuclear and Particle Physics

  • Nuclear radii and charge distributions, nuclear binding energy

  • Electric and magnetic moments; nuclear models, liquid drop model: semi‐empirical mass formula

  • Fermi gas model of nucleus, nuclear shell model; nuclear force and two nucleon problem; alpha decay, beta‐decay, electromagnetic transitions in nuclei

  • Rutherford scattering, nuclear reactions, conservation laws; fission and fusion; particle accelerators and detectors; elementary particles, photons, baryons, mesons and leptons; quark model.

Section 10 - General Aptitude

Verbal Ability

Numerical Ability

English grammar; Sentence completion, Instructions; Verbal analogies, Word groups; Critical reasoning, Verbal deduction.

Numerical computation; Numerical reasoning; Numerical estimation; Data interpretation.

Best Books for GATE 2022 Physics


Author/ Publication

Chapterwise Solved Papers Physics GATE

Vijay Kumar

GATE 2022 – Guide – Physics


GATE - Physics - Chapterwise Previous Year's Solved Papers

Dr Vijay Kumar | Dr Israt Ali

GATE Exam Pattern 2022 for Physics

  • Mode of Examination: Online

  • Duration of exam: 3 hours

  • Type of questions: MCQs, MSQs, & NATs

  • Total Sections: 2 sections i.e. General Aptitude and Subject-based

  • Total questions: 65

  • Total marks: 100 marks

  • Negative marking: for MCQs only


Distribution of Marks

Total Marks

Types of questions

General Aptitude

5 questions of 1 mark each 5 questions of 2 marks each

15 marks


GATE Physics

25 questions of 1 mark each 30 questions of 2 marks each

85 marks

MCQs, MSQ and NATs

GATE Physics Marking Scheme 2022

Type of question

Negative marking for wrong answer


1/3 for 1 mark questions 2/3 for 2 marks questions


No negative marking

Books to Refer for GATE CSE

Name of the Book


Discrete Mathematics and Its Applications

Kenneth Rosen

Computer Networking: A Top-Down Approach

Kurose & Ross

Computer Organization and Embedded systems

Carl Hamacher

Database System Concepts


Compilers: Principles, Techniques and Tools

Aho & Ullman

Software Engineering: A Practitioner’s Approach


The C Programming language

Dennis Richie

Introduction to Algorithms


Digital Design

Morris Mano

An Introduction to Formal Languages and Automata

Peter Linz

GATE Cutoff 2022 for CSE

It's crucial to know how many marks one needs to pass the GATE CSE exam after learning the GATE Syllabus 2023 for CSE and IT. The GATE CSE cutoff is the minimum GATE score required to pass the exam. The GATE qualifying threshold varies depending on the category. Candidates can consult the table below for the prior year's GATE qualifying cutoff:

GATE CSE Cutoff (Qualifying)









































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Tags: GATE 2023,GATE 2023 Syllabus 2023, GATE 2023 Syllabus, GATE 2023 2023 Syllabus, Syllabus of GATE 2023 2023

GATE 2023 Syllabus 2023 - FAQ

1. For how many papers can I take the GATE 2023 exam?

Candidates are allowed to apply for only one paper on the basis of their educational qualification.

2. For how many papers can I take GATE exam?

GATE is held for a total of 25 papers, depending upon the candidate's eligibility, they can choose any one of all 25 papers. Biomedical Engineering paper has been added this year. If a candidate is eligible to apply for this paper then he/she can apply.

3. Is there any change in GATE 2023 Syllabus?

There are no major changes in the GATE 2023 syllabus prescribed by the authorities. Candidates are advised to refer to the syllabus prescribed by the IIT Bombay only.

4. Can I expect any change in the GATE 2023 syllabus?

The authorities have not released the syllabus of GATE 2023 yet.

5. Which is the most recommended book to study theory of computation?

Candidates can refer to An Introduction to Formal Languages and Automata by Peter Linz to prepare for the theory of computation.

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