CLAT Syllabus 2023 Check To Download Section Wise / Subject wise CLAT Syllabus PDF, Important Topics, Exam Pattern Here

CLAT Syllabus 2023 The CLAT Syllabus 2023 covers a wide range of subjects, including English, mathematics, general knowledge, reasoning, and so on. CLAT is a nationwide entrance exam for law schools. It's set up to help people get into law school, both undergraduate and graduate. The Consortium of National Law Universities oversees the administration of this exam. CLAT scores can also be used to gain admission to a variety of government and private law schools throughout the country. Scroll down to see how to get the CLAT 2023 Syllabus, test pattern, required books, and more.

by Vinothini S | Last updated: Jan 30, 2023

CLAT Syllabus 2023  Check To Download Section Wise / Subject wise CLAT Syllabus PDF, Important Topics, Exam Pattern Here

CLAT Syllabus 2023 Check To Download Section Wise / Subject wise CLAT Syllabus PDF, Important Topics, Exam Pattern Here

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CLAT Syllabus 2023 @

New Update on 30.01.2023: CLAT Syllabus 2023 - CLAT Syllabus 2023 covers a wide range of subjects, including English, mathematics, general knowledge, reasoning, and more. CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) is a national entrance exam for law school. It is set up to provide admissions to law programs at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. The Consortium of National Law Universities oversees this test. CLAT scores can also be used to get admission to several governments and private law colleges across the country. Every year, a large number of students apply for the CLAT exam. We have updated the entire CLAT 2023 Syllabus information in this page.

View - CLAT Syllabus 2023

Check - CLAT Syllabus 2023

CLAT Syllabus 2023 - Undergraduate level

The Consortium has designed the CLAT UG syllabus to test candidates on the basis of their aptitude and skills which are considered crucial for legal education. CLAT UG syllabus is divided into the following subjects.

  • English language

  • Current affairs, including general knowledge

  • Legal Reasoning

  • Logical reasoning

  • Quantitative techniques

CLAT Syllabus 2023 - English language

This section is designed to test the reading ability of students. There will be around four to five comprehension passages of about 450 words each. The content of the passages will be derived from contemporary or historically significant fiction and non-fiction writing. Each passage will be followed by four to five objective-type questions that require the candidates to demonstrate the following skills.

  • Read and comprehend the main point discussed in the passage, as well as any arguments and viewpoints discussed or set out in the passage

  • Drawing inferences and conclusions from the passage.

  • Summarising the passage

  • Compare and contrast the different arguments or viewpoints given in the passage.

  • Understand the meaning of various words and phrases used in the passage.

CLAT syllabus for current affairs, including general knowledge

The general knowledge and current affairs section will also have comprehension passages of up to 450 words each. A series of objective types of questions will follow each passage. Overall, there will be around 35-39 questions, making around 25% of the test paper. The content of comprehension passages will be drawn from the following topics.

  • News

  • Legal editorials and opinions

  • Journalistic sources

  • Other non-fiction writing

  • Contemporary events of significance from India and the world;

  • Arts and culture;

  • International affairs; and

  • Historical events of continuing significance.

The questions from CLAT current affairs and general knowledge may include an examination of legal information or knowledge.

CLAT syllabus for logical reasoning

The CLAT reasoning will be designed to test the candidates' critical thinking and analytical skills. Around 28-32 objective-type questions will require the candidates to demonstrate the following skills.

  • Recognizing the arguments, their premises and drawing conclusions

  • Reading and identifying the arguments set out in the passage

  • Critical examination of the patterns of reasoning, and assessing evidence and premises on which a particular conclusion can be based.

  • Infer what follows from the passage and apply these inferences to new situations

  • Drawing relationships and analogies, identifying contradictions and equivalence, and assessing the effectiveness of arguments.

CLAT 2023 syllabus for legal aptitude

This section will have 25% weightage in the paper. There will be around four to five comprehension passages of around 450 words each. The passages may be drawn from various fact situations or scenarios involving legal matters, public policy questions or moral philosophical enquiries. Candidates are expected to have prior knowledge of law. However, some basic understanding and awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues will be helpful in answering the questions.

Types of questions asked in CLAT legal aptitude.

The CLAT legal aptitude may have questions revolving around the following theme;

  • Identify and infer the rules and principles set out in the passage;

  • Apply such rules and principles to various fact situations; and

  • Understand how changes to the rules or principles may alter their application to various fact situations.

CLAT syllabus for quantitative aptitude

The maths section will be of Class 10th level. There will be questions from short sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial or diagrammatic representations of numerical information. Candidates will be required to derive information from such facts, diagrams, passages, graphs or other representations and apply the mathematical formulas and operations to answer the questions.

Overall, there will be around 13-17 questions.

Topics to be studied: Ratios and proportions, basic algebra, mensuration, and statistical estimation, percentage, loss, profit etc.

CLAT Syllabus 2023 (UG) - Subject-wise marks distribution

Each section of CLAT 2023 syllabus will carry some fixed weightage. The consortium has prescribed the following distribution of questions and marks CLAT UG paper.


Number of Questions


English Language

28-32 questions

28 - 32

Current Affairs, including General Knowledge

35-39 questions

35 - 39

Legal Reasoning

35-39 questions

35 - 39

Logical Reasoning

28-32 questions

28 - 32

Quantitative Techniques

13-17 questions

13 - 17




CLAT 2023 Syllabus - LLM

For CLAT PG, the test paper will be divided into two sections; the objective section and the descriptive section. It may be noted that the descriptive section has been restored again. Last year, the descriptive section which requires the candidates to write two essays was removed from the syllabus to make the paper suitable for online mode. The present syllabus of CLAT LLM is as follows.

Objective section

The PG-CLAT 2023 objective section will be a comprehension-based test in which extracts from primary legal materials such as important court decisions in various fields of law, statutes or regulations will be provided. Each comprehension passage will be followed by a series of multiple-choice questions that will test the following skills of the candidates.

  • Ability to read and understand the legal issues given passage, identifying the arguments and viewpoints in the passage.

  • Awareness of the issues discussed in the passage. Legal aspects, facts, and knowledge related to the topic discussed in the passage.

  • Awareness of the judgment or statute on which the passage is based on.

  • Summarising the passage and ability to apply the knowledge of law discussed in the passage.

Descriptive section

The essay or descriptive section has been restored this year. In this section, candidates will be asked to write essays answering any 2 questions from the list of questions given in the paper. The word count of essays should not be more than 800 words each. In the section, candidates will be required to demonstrate the following aspects.

  • Awareness of the legal, factual, and philosophical issues arising out of the questions you choose to answer.

  • Ability to structure your answer clearly set out various arguments and perspectives related to the topic in the questions, and draw a conclusion based on the above.

CLAT LLM syllabus 2023

The content of the passages and the questions may be drawn from various legal reports, judgments, status etc. However, the candidates will be required to conceptualize the basic legal subjects mentioned below.

Constitutional Law

Law of Torts

Administrative law

Criminal Law

Family law

Labour and industrial law

Property law

Public international law


Company law

Intellectual Property Law

International Law

Tax law

Law of Contracts

Environmental law

CLAT 2023 syllabus - Section-wise marks distribution

The syllabus of CLAT LLM can be divided into two sections. Each section will have 60 questions. The details of subject-wise marks distribution is given below.

CLAT PG subject-wise marks distribution

S No.


Number of Questions



Objective section




Descriptive section

02 (25 marks each)





CLAT Syllabus 2023 - Check Here

National Law Universities (NLUs) released the Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) syllabus 2020 for BA LLB, BSc LLB, BCom LLB, BBA LLB, BSW LLB. A total number of questions to 150 and comprehension type of item in each section. Candidates can follow the CLAT 2020 syllabus for each section, as mentioned on the page below.

The question paper based on the English language, Quantitative Techniques, and Current Affairs including General Knowledge, Legal Reasoning, and Logical Reasoning

  • English language - Class 12th level

  • Current affairs including General Knowledge - Class 12th level

  • Legal Reasoning - Class 12th level

  • Logical Reasoning - Class 12th level

  • Quantitative Techniques - Class 10th level

Section 1- English Comprehension

This section has proficiency in English is tested based on the questions related to comprehension passages and grammar. The comprehension section evaluated based on their understanding of the passage, the central theme, meanings of words used in the passage, etc. The grammar section requires the correction of incorrect grammatical sentences, filling of blanks in sentences with appropriate words, etc.

  • 450 words based on the contemporary, historically significant fiction and non-fiction writing

  • 5-7 mins to read and comprehend it, and candidates have to compare and contrast different viewpoints, draw inferences and conclusions, and understand the meaning of words and phrases from the passage to attempt the questions.

Section 2-General Knowledge and Currents Affairs

This section, based on their general awareness with static general knowledge. Current affair questions test about the events happening nationally and internationally.

  • 450 words based on news, journalistic sources, and other non-fiction writings

  • Legal information and knowledge in India and the world, arts and culture, world affairs, and historical events of continuing significance.

Section 3-Quantitative Techniques

This section, elementary mathematics up to Class 10th standard, will be tested. The section carries passages based on short sets of facts, propositions, graphs, pictorials, textual, or diagrammatic representations of numerical data. Candidates must attempt the objective-type of questions based on calculating the information. The candidates have to derive, infer, and manipulate the numerical data, based on ratios and proportions, basic algebra, mensuration, and statistics.

Section 4- Legal Aptitude

This section has 450 words based on legal matters, public policy questions, or moral philosophical inquiries. The questions based on general awareness, legal, and ethical issues. Candidates with law subjects can attempt the section easily.

Section 5- Logical Reasoning

The logical reasoning section of CLAT 2020 has 300 words based on relationships, analogies, logical sequences, and arguments. Candidates required to critically analyze the discussions, the pattern of reasoning, identify contradictions and then conclude the studies.

What is the Syllabus for CLAT 2023 LLM Syllabus?

The following LLM topics will cover in the CLAT 2023. Students will be notified of any new updates for the new session if there are any changes.

  • Constitutional Law

  • Law of Torts

  • International Law

  • Jurisprudence

  • Intellectual Property Law

  • Law of Contracts

  • Criminal Law.

Constitutional Law:

This section consists of various rules, practices, and doctrines that govern the functioning of a modern state and other political communities. Students are asked questions based on the concepts they studied at graduation.


In this part, in a broader sense, it can be called the philosophy of law. It classifies into three branches - analytical, sociological, and theoretical. This section questions are set based on the syllabus prescribed in the graduation degree course.

Tort Law

This section is comparatively a recent common law development in India based on codifying statutes, including statutes related to damages. Some of the crucial tortious obligations like Negligence, Nuisance, and Defamation should revise in detail.

Contract law

This Contract law can refer to a piece of a legal document, which is a mutual agreement made by two or more parties, enforceable by law. Essential decisions made by the Supreme Court and High Court concerning modern-day commercial activities comprise this subject.

Criminal Law

Criminal Law, also called Penal Law aimed at regulating the Social code of conduct and prohibiting any antisocial activity that threatens the safety, property, health and moral welfare of citizens. Essential topics on principles of criminal liability (guilty mind in Criminal Law) should give special attention.

International Law

International Law as a subject focused on the set of legal guidelines and contracts that govern the relations between two states or nations. International Laws can broadly classify into Public International law, Private International Law, and Supranational Law.

CLAT Exam Pattern 2023





Offline, Pen and paper-based

Offline, Pen and paper-based


Two hours

Two hours




Type of questions

Multiple choice type questions from comprehension passages

  • Multiple choice type questions from comprehension passages

  • Two Essays

Number of questions


  • Objective section - 100 questions

  • Descriptive section - 2 questions

Marking scheme

  • Each question will carry one mark

  • Each incorrect answer will invite a penalty of 0.25 marks.

  • Each multiple-choice questions will carry one mark

  • Essay/descriptive questions will each carry 25 marks

  • For objections questions, each incorrect answer will invite a penalty of 0.25 marks.

Total marks


100 + 50 = 150

Recommended Books for CLAT Exam

English Language

Name of Books

Word power made easy

High school English grammar and composition by Wren and Martin

Objective General English by R.S Agarwal

Six weeks by Wilfred Funk

Better English by Norman Lewis

Logical Reasoning

Name of Books

Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning by R.S Agarwal

Analytical reasoning book by M.K Pandey

Logical reasoning by Arun Sharma

Legal Reasoning

Name of Books

The Constitution of India: Miracle, Surrender, Hope by Rajeev Dhavan

Thinking Like a Lawyer (A New Introduction To Legal Reasoning) by Frederick Schauer

A People’s Constitution – by Rohit De

Vision for a Nation: Paths and Perspectives by former PM Dr. Manmohan Singh (launched in Feb 2020

Quantitative Techniques

Name of Books

Data interpretation by R.S Agarwal

NCERT Books from class 6th to 10th

Current Affairs including General Knowledge

  • The better source is news papers. Read the following:

  • Hindu and Indian Express Newspaper

  • Press Information bureau

Recommended Books for CLAT PG 2023

Name of Books

Bare Acts

Jurisprudence and Legal Theory by Dr, V. D. Mahajan

Constitutional Law of India by Dr JN Pandey

Ascent’s law Guide for LLM Entrance by Dr Ashok K Jain

How to Prepare for CLAT Exam?

  • Candidates must thoroughly review the CLNU's sample papers. This will assist the candidate in comprehending the exam pattern as well as the difficulty level of the questions asked in the exam.

  • Keep up with current events and news. Candidates should make it a habit to read the newspaper on a daily basis.

  • Make a list of the topics that you are having trouble understanding.

  • Take practise tests on a regular basis to enhance your accuracy in answering questions.

  • To boost your vocabulary, practice grammar every day.

  • Candidates must be familiar with previous case law and amendments pertaining to the legal themes.

  • Practice writing essays that explain issues, facts, arguments, and conclusions in a clear and concise manner.

Disclaimer: The above information is for general informational purposes only. All information on the Site is provided in good faith, however we make no representation or warranty of any kind, express or implied, regarding the accuracy, adequacy, validity, reliability, availability or completeness of any information on the Site.
Tags: CLAT 2023,CLAT 2023 Syllabus 2023, CLAT 2023 Syllabus, CLAT 2023 2023 Syllabus, Syllabus of CLAT 2023 2023

CLAT 2023 Syllabus 2023 - FAQ

1. Does CLAT have subjective questions?

Only CLAT PG have 2 subjective questions, there are 150 MCQ in CLAT UG.There are five subjects in CLAT UG.

2. Is there any changes to CLAT syllabus 2023?

No, only the CLAT exam pattern is changed. The CLAT - UG will have more comprehension based questions this year.

3. How many subjects will be there in CLAT (UG) 2023 exam?

The BA LLB course has five sections - English, Mathematics, General Knowledge & Current Affairs, Logical Reasoning, and Legal Aptitude

4. Is the CLAT syllabus 2023 the same for the LLM and BA LLB program?

No, the CLAT 2023 syllabus is different for the postgraduate and undergraduate courses. So depending on which course the CLAT 2023 applicant is seeking admission to, the candidate needs to refer to the relevant syllabus only.

5. What is the Marking Scheme?

There is 0.25 marks of negative marking in CLAT UG. Candidates can check before the exam. And Prepare well for the CLAT Exam 2023.

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