District Health Society Samastipur In a study of 513 districts of the country (Jansankhya Sthirata Kosh", www.jsk.gov.in) in terms of overall rank in health it was found that Samastipur district ranks 552 though on the basis of under-five mortality it ranked 313. Filaria, Malaria, Kala-azar, skin diseases, and Tuberculosis are some of the most common diseases in district. Hepatitis, Diarrhea, Typhoid, Blindness and Leprosy are other high prevalence diseases. Kala-azar is an endemic problem in Bihar. As per DLHS 2002-2004 the prevalence percentage of kala-azar is 11.4% and TB is 4.3%. The overall prevalence of tuberculosis in India is 544 per 100,000 populations while in Samastipur it is reported to be close to 618 per 100,000 (RCH, Round 2).