The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) launched a space technology incubation centre in Agartala, Tripura. It was inaugurated from Bengaluru. The centre at Agartala is the first of six such centres which are planned to build capacity in new locations. It is aimed to have a good presence in academia and industry.
These space research activities are to tap the talents of the locations and include them in the space footprint. ISRO’s Capacity Building Programme directorate is to invest Rs.2 crore for such centres in Jalandhar, Bhubaneswar, Tiruchi, Nagpur and Indore. These centres will not have activities related to space.
In NaMo app, the BJP has launched three new features, a volunteer platform, merchandise and micro-donations for the persistent demand from active users of the platform. The volunteer can donate starting from a minimum of Rs.5 with amounts of Rs.50, Rs.500 and Rs.1,000. The fund will be used for the Clean Ganga project. This new volunteer platform has been introduced for the general 2019 elections.
It also has other sections that have multiple items like T-shirts, mugs, caps, notebooks, etc. This app will act as a central avenue for all volunteering activities and give multiple options for online and on-ground volunteering activities.
Elon Musk-led startup SpaceX revealed that Yusaku Maezawa, founder of Japan's largest clothing website Zozotown, has signed up to be the world's first private passenger to fly around the Moon.
Yusaku will fly aboard SpaceX's Big Falcon Rocket (BFR) in 2023.
Only 24 humans have been to the Moon in history.
Germany launched the world’s first hydrogen-powered train. The hydrogen-powered train technology is costlier but eco-friendly. The two bright blue Coradia iLint trains are built by French TGV-maker Alstom. It runs a 100km between the towns and cities of Cuxhaven, Bremerhaven, Bremervoerde and Buxtehude in northern Germany. Similar to the range of diesel trains, these trains can also run for around 1,000 km on a single tank of hydrogen,
Hydrogen trains are equipped with fuel cells that produce electricity through a combination of hydrogen and oxygen. This process leaves steam and water as the only emissions. As an alternate, excess energy is stored in ion-lithium batteries on board the train. Countries including Britain, the Netherlands, Denmark, Norway, Italy and Canada are planning to introduce the pollution free hydrogen trains.
Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurated the first phase of hi-tech smart fencing of an 11 km stretch on the International Border (IB) in Jammu under Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS) programme. The smart fencing would provide laser-guided surveillance which will create an invisible electronic barrier on land, water and even in air and underground. This will, in turn, help the Border Security Force (BSF) to detect and foil infiltration bids in the most difficult terrains.
CIBMS has been designed to guard stretches where physical surveillance is not possible either due to inhospitable terrain or riverine borders. The programme is a more robust border management system that integrates modern technology with human resource.
A report by the World Economic Forum (WEF) said that in less than seven years, by 2025, machines will take over 52% of human works in 12 key industry sectors.
Globally, it is expected that automation will cut their full-time workforce in the next four years. Hence, the new jobs will still lead to a net gain in employment opportunities if sufficient reskilling is done. In India, 54% of employees in these sectors will need reskilling by 2022.
WEF advised governments to prepare safety measures for workers and communities who will be threatened by the new shift in quality and permanency of the new jobs.
Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully tested a low-weight indigenously developed Man Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM) from Ahmednagar test range for the second time.
The two flight-tests were tested for different ranges, including maximum range capability. The MPATGM will complement the Spike Anti-Tank Guided Missile to be procured from Israel.
Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM) :
♦ MPATGM is a man-portable anti-tank guided missile.
♦ They are primarily designed to hit and destroy heavily armoured military vehicles.
♦ MPATGMs range in size from shoulder-launched weapons which can be transported by a single soldier, to larger tripod-mounted weapons which require a squad or team to transport and fire, to a vehicle and aircraft-mounted missile systems.
ISRO launched two U.K. satellites from the first launch pad at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, SHAR Sriharikota. The PSLV-C42 lifted off NovaSAR and S1-4, the two satellites from the United Kingdom. The two satellites were successfully launched in the desired orbit by ISRO. This was the 12th such launch of a core-alone version of the PSLV by ISRO.
The satellites were made by Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd, UK. NovaSAR is equipped to track ships in high seas and S1-4 satellite is meant for environment monitoring and urban management. The 2 satellites together weigh 889 kilograms. This launch was totally a commercial launch and the commercial arm of ISRO, Antrix Corporation earned more than Rs.220 crore on this launch.
SpaceX has signed on its first private moon traveller. It is yet to reveal the name of the traveller and the timing of the flight to the moon at the company’s headquarters in Hawthorne, California.
The original plan called for two paying passengers to fly around the moon this year, using a Falcon Heavy rocket and a Dragon crew capsule. Some slight changes have been made in the plans. The new strategy is to still fly around the moon using a bigger SpaceX rocket where only one person can aboard on the passenger ship.
SpaceX said that Musk’s ultimate goal is to colonize Mars. This lunar mission a flyby, not a landing represents an important step toward enabling access for everyday people who dream of travelling to space.
Apple unveiled its updated version of iPhones along with a new smartwatch which allows users to take their own Electrocardiograms (ECG). Apple revealed its updated iPhone XS and iPhone XS Max. They are aimed at maintaining Apple’s share in the premium segment.
The new phones have displays of 5.8 and 6.5 inches, boosting screen size while keeping a small-format handset. The Smartwatch is built with an ability to perform ECG.
The watch, sold in the U.S. from $399 and up, will be available in stores on September 21. The iPhone XS Max will sell for about $1,100, or $100 more than last year’s iPhone X. The iPhone XR will use cheaper materials and sell for about $750.
Apsara, located at the Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC) in Mumbai, was shut down in 2009 for repair. The refurbished version of the reactor is named as 'Apsara-upgraded' (Apsara-U).
Apsara is a highly versatile swimming pool type of reactor that was built in August 1956.
This reactor provides much needed isotopes for medical purposes and also helps refine the design of India's nuclear weapons.
NASA is set to launch the Ice, Cloud and land Elevation Satellite-2 (ICESat-2), a satellite equipped with the most advanced laser instrument of its kind. ICESat-2 will provide observations of how the Earth’s ice sheets, glaciers and sea ice are changing.
ICESat-2 represents a major technological leap in the ability to measure changes in ice height.
ICESat-2 will measure height using Advanced Topographic Laser Altimeter System (ATLAS). It measures the height by calculating the amount of time taken by individual light photons to travel from the spacecraft to Earth and back.
ATLAS will fire 10,000 times each second, sending hundreds of trillions of photons to the ground in six beams of green light. ICESat-2 will measure the heights of the ice along the same path in the polar regions four times a year to provide seasonal ice elevation changes.
Chinese Consul General Ma Zhanwu said that the bullet train, on a daily basis, between Kolkata and Kunming in southwest China, covering the distance of about 1,500 km in two hours could be established. The train will pass through which will pass through other neighbouring countries like Myanmar and Bangladesh.
He said the rail route was aimed at boosting trade flow in the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar (BCIM) corridor. Myanmar and Bangladesh would also benefit from the project. He also mentioned that China is striving hard to revive the Silk Route to increase connectivity from Kunming to Kolkata.
Scientists from the University of Manchester, England, have developed a non-antibiotic drug that can one day treat tuberculosis (TB) in humans effectively. The drug targets Mycobacterium tuberculosis’ defences rather than the bacteria itself.
In the study, published in the Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, animals with acute and chronic TB infection were treated with the compound. The results revealed that the compound does not kill the bacteria directly, but results in a significant reduction in the bacterial burden. It can also take out its increasingly commonly antibiotic-resistant strains. The scientists hope for clinical trials in humans up in four years.
Arul Chinnaiyan, an Indian-American scientist and professor at the University of Michigan, has been awarded an “Outstanding Investigator Award” along with a grant of $6.5 million by the U.S. National Cancer Institute.
This grant is aimed at identifying cancer biomarkers which may improve diagnosis and help develop new targeted therapies for the deadly disease. The award is designed to support the very best researchers who have a track record of innovation and success.
Hindustan Shipyard Limited (HSL) is all set to undertake India’s first missile tracking ship for trials. The sea trials would be carried out either by September-end or the first week of October. Once the ship is tested successfully, the vessel will be confidently handed over to the Indian Navy by the year-end.
The ship has the capacity to carry 300-strong crew with hi-tech gadgets and communication equipment, powered by two diesel engines, and a large deck capable of the helicopter landing. It is expected that this would put India in the elite of club of a few countries that have such a sophisticated ocean surveillance ship.
The ship is being built for the National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO), the technical intelligence agency working directly under the supervision of the Prime Minister’s Office and the National Security Adviser. The keel of the ship was laid on June 30, 2014, and the project costs about ₹750 crore. HSL has successfully completed the basin trials on the ship.
The Road Accident Data Management System (RADMS) software is a geographical information system (GIS) solution for identification of black spots, wrong driving practices, overloading issues, driver issues and other factors causing or related to road accidents.
In 2015, the 'Supreme Court committee on road safety' had mandated all states to use RADMS.
Dawn, NASA's only robot exploring the Asteroid Belt, is about to die. The spacecraft is likely to run out of a key fuel knwon as hydrazine -- which keeps it oriented and in communication with Earth -- between September and October.
Launched in September 2007, Dawn was majorly tasked to study two of the three known protoplanets of the asteroid belt Vesta and Ceres.
The Justice BN Srikrishna Committee on data protection in India submitted its report to the government suggesting amendments to various laws, including the Aadhaar Act to provide for the imposition of penalties on data fiduciaries for violations of the data protection law.
The three-day event showcased industry participation in Indian space programme. ISRO Chairman Dr K Sivan addressed that the ISRO wants to offer manufacturing of PSLV and small satellite launch vehicles along with small satellites to private industries.
A sum of 10,400 crore rupees is earmarked for manufacturing of PSLV launch vehicle out of which 9000 crore rupees worth production will be given to private industries.
India and France inked an agreement to collaborate on Gaganyaan, ISRO's first human space mission.
ISRO and CNES, the French space agency, will be combining their expertise in fields of space medicine, astronaut health monitoring, life support, radiation protection, space debris protection and personal hygiene systems.
The two space agencies also plan to work on Mars, Venus and asteroids.
India plans to send three humans to space before 2022. It would make India one of the four countries in the world after Russia, US and China to launch a manned space flight.
The advanced AI technology uses deep neural networks for image processing that will enable identification of child sexual abuse material (CSAM) online.
Founded: September 4, 1998 (20 years ago) in Menlo Park, California
Founders: Larry Page, Sergey Brin
Google launched a new search engine called 'Dataset Search', which works in multiple languages, to help scientists, data journalists and others find data required for their work.
The new search engine will work like Google Scholar, the company’s popular search engine for academic studies and reports.
Researchers at Shizuoka University, a Japanese team, has developed a space elevator, a miniature version on satellites. The first trial of the miniature version of the apparatus and monitoring equipment on satellites will be conducted in the month of September. This will be the world’s first experiment to test elevator movement in space.
The equipment will hitch a ride on an H-2B rocket being launched by Japan’s space agency from the southern island of Tanegashima next week. The test involves a miniature elevator stand-in, a box just 6 cm long, 3 cm wide, and 3 cm high.
If the test ends successfully, it will provide proof of concept by moving along a 10-meter cable suspended in space between two minisatellites that will keep it taut. The mini elevator will travel along the cable from a container in one of the satellites.
Amazon India announced that its e-commerce website and mobile application is now made available in Hindi. Other online players like also Paytm Mall offer users the option to use Hindi as a language. However, Flipkart is available only in English.
The launch of the Hindi shopping experience is to bring the next 100 million customers online. This first Indian language launch by Amazon will enable Hindi-preferring customers to shop in their preferred language.
Transplant Authority of Tamil Nadu (TRANSTAN) has made Aadhaar mandatory for Indian patients to register in the Tamil Nadu Network for Organ Sharing. While foreigners are asked to submit a No Objection Certificate (NoC) from the respective Embassies. Earlier, for Indian patients any identity proof, including voter’s ID, was acceptable.
The move is a measure to streamline the deceased donor transplant programme and to confirm that they have come to the State for organ transplantation. TRANSTAN has brought in a single unique ID for a patient, irrespective of the number of organs he or she registers for. It is expected that this will avoid confusion so that the hospitals cannot modify patient’s details except the activation and inactivation of patients.
In a world first achievement, a lioness at the Ukutula Conservation Center and Biobank in South Africa's North West province has given birth to two cubs conceived via non-surgical artificial insemination, using fresh semen from an adult male lion at the same facility.
The research is a breakthrough for saving endangered species like tiger and snow leopard.
The United Arab Emirates has disclosed its first two astronauts to go on a mission to the International Space Station. Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashed al-Maktoum, the Vice President and Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates, and Ruler of the Emirate of Dubai named the new astronauts as Hazza al-Mansouri, 34-year-old, and Sultan al-Neyadi, 37-year-old. The UAE has its sights set on space with a programme worth 20 billion dirhams i.e, $5.4 billion.
UAE has announced its plans to become the first Arab country to send an unmanned probe to orbit Mars by 2021. The probe is named as “Hope”. The astronaut programme would make the UAE one of only a handful of states in the Middle East to have sent a person into space.
NASA has announced a public competition seeking novel solutions to turn Carbon dioxide into useful compounds. The challenge is open to all. This is to find a solution that might help future astronauts exploring Mars as the Martin atmosphere has abundant CO2 .
The competition will be conducted in two phases. During Phase 1, teams must submit a design and description of a conversion system that includes details of the physical-chemical approaches to convert carbon dioxide into glucose. And NASA will award up to five teams USD 50,000 each. Phase 2 will carry a prize purse of up to USD 750,000, for a total challenge prize of USD 1 million.
Paytm Money Limited introduced an app on Google’s Android platform and Apple’s mobile operating system iOS. The aim is to double the mutual fund investor base in India with 50 million in the next five years. For this, Paytm has partnered with 25 asset management companies.
The focus of Paytm, the wholly-owned subsidiary of One97 Communications Ltd, would be on building investments and wealth management products and services.
The Seventh meeting of National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) of Ministry of AYUSH was held under the chairpersonship of Minister of State for AYUSH, Shri Shripad Yesso Naik at New Delhi.
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will conduct 19 missions, including 10 satellites and nine launch vehicles, in the next seven months between September and March.
It will include the launch of India's second moon mission Chandrayaan-2.
ISRO planned to launch two satellites within 30 days consecutively for months.
The services would be resumed on September 15 with the PSLV C42 mission, which will carry UK satellites - Novasar and S1-4 - as the main payload.
Then, ISRO will launch GSLV Mk III-D2, also known as ‘Bahubali’.
ISRO Chairman - K Sivan.
NASA scientists detected signs of water above the planet’s deepest clouds deep inside Jupiter’s Great Red Spot, a storm raging on the planet for over 350 years. The pressure of the water combined with their measurements of another oxygen-bearing gas, carbon monoxide, imply that Jupiter has more oxygen than the Sun.
The Ice, Cloud and land Elevation Satellite-2 (ICESat-2) will measure the average annual elevation change of land ice covering Greenland and Antarctica to within the width of a pencil, capturing 60,000 measurements every second.
ICESat-2 which is scheduled to be launched on September 12 represents a major technological leap in our ability to measure changes in ice height.
The main aim of the MOU is to deepen cooperation in support of clean energy innovations to accelerate the research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) of clean energy technologies.
India and will help support the generation of data for policymaking and improve knowledge of good policy practices for innovation in India and around the world.
Uber plans to launch ‘Uber Elevate’, an air taxi service, in 2020. Uber chose Dallas and Los Angeles as its first two launch cities in the U.S. for introducing its aerial taxi service. Uber is considering to include India in this service. It has also shortlisted five countries, namely India, Japan, Australia, Brazil and France and one of them will become the first Uber Air City outside of the United States.
Uber will be operating demonstrator flights starting 2020 and beginning commercial operations in 2023 in the three cities. The company plans to use Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) aircraft for the service.
China is using robots to teach the Kindergarten children. The 60cm high, autonomous Keeko robot is an unconventional teacher. It covers things like storytelling and problem-solving.
More than 600 kindergartens across the country use Keeko robots. The robot makers are hoping to expand it into Greater China and Southeast Asia. Beijing has invested money and manpower in developing artificial intelligence as part of its “Made in China 2025” plan.
As per the announcement, the Indian Air Force will identify six persons who can be trained to be astronauts.
ISRO stands for Indian Space Research Organization.
Headquarters of ISRO- Bengaluru, Karnataka.
Dr K Sivan is Chairman of ISRO.
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs cleared at an outlay of Rs.1,623 crore to get more disaster warning systems and desalination plants along Indian coasts. The system will be functioning under the programme called O-SMART (Ocean Services, Technology, Observations, Resources Modelling and Science). O-SMART is monitored by the Union earth sciences ministry.
O-SMART provides economic benefits to a number of user communities in the coastal and ocean sectors, namely, fisheries, offshore industry, coastal States, defence, shipping, ports, etc.
The council will be headed by K Vijay Raghavan, the principal scientific adviser to the Union Government.
The council has been named as Prime Minister's Science Technology and Innovation Advisory Committee (PM-STIAC).
It is a nationwide initiative to provide students a platform to solve some of the pressing problems we face in our daily lives, and thus inculcate a culture of product innovation and a mindset of problem-solving.
For the first time, Private industry/ organizations and NGOs can also send their problem statements to students under SIH-2019.
All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) is the statutory body and a national-level council for technical education under Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development
Member Secretary: Alok Prakash Mittal
Google plans to introduce technology and product experiences which are locally relevant to users in India in vernacular languages. It has been observed, so far, that the majority of Internet users are Indian language users, a number expected to reach 500 million-plus in the next two years.
Earlier, Google launched ‘Project Navlekha’ which helps to easily make offline content fully editable and publish on a branded domain without expert digital knowledge. The search feed will now also display users’ topics of interest and news, from both English and Hindi sources.
At the fourth 'Google for India' event, Google has unveiled Project Navlekhā to help Indian language publishers take their content online.
Navlekhā is a word derived from Sanskrit meaning 'a new way to write.'
The new platform will allow 1.35 lakh Indian publishers to digitise their offline content by creating instant web pages using scanned documents or PDFs.
The scientists have developed the smallest medical robot and set a new Guinness World Record. The device, which is of 120 nanometres in size, can interact with biological cells. These nanocomposite particles can assist to treat cancer and Alzheimer’s in the future and one day it might lead to huge medical advancements. The nanocomposites are made of two different types of multifunctional oxide materials in a “core and shell” configuration. The core is magnetic and changes shape in response to magnetic fields. The ferroelectric shell converts pressure into electric potentials. The magneto-elasto-electric coupled effect in the nanocomposites acts as arms and legs that move the nanoparticle around to interact with targeted biological cells.
Scientists of NIAID’s influenza research program have found a potential universal influenza vaccine which could protect people against most strains of the virus.
A strong antibody response to a structure on the surface of flu viruses called the Hemagglutinin (HA) stalk. It has the potential to be developed into a universal flu vaccine. Unlike the current seasonal flu vaccines, it could be given a few times over a lifetime to provide protection potentially similar to a tetanus vaccine.
Flu viruses are classified by two proteins on the outer surface of the virus: hemagglutinin (H) and neuraminidase (N). There are 18 different H subtypes and 11 different N subtypes, and viruses can be further broken down into different strains within those subtypes. The H protein (also called HA) enables the flu virus to enter a human cell. It is made up of a head and a stem. Seasonal flu vaccines fight infection by inducing antibodies that target the HA head. This region varies season to season, which is why flu vaccines must be updated each year. However, scientists discovered the stem typically remains unchanged, making it an ideal target for antibodies induced by a universal flu vaccine.
The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) along with National e-Governance Division has developed ‘Parinam Manjusha’, digital academic repository, to provide digital mark sheets, migration certificates and pass certificates to students from CBSE-affiliated schools in Kerala, whose board exam academic documents have been lost or damaged in the recent floods.
This academic repository has been integrated with DigiLocker. Over 1,300 schools are affiliated to the CBSE in Kerala. The digital academic documents are digitally signed by the Controller of Examinations of CBSE which make them legally valid digital document as per the IT Act. These documents are also having QR codes and such documents can be verified for the authenticity using the DigiLocker mobile app.
The students are asked to visit https://digitallocker.gov.in and https://digitallocker.gov.in and download their academic documents using the login-id / password.
Pharma major Lupin Limited launched Drospirenone, Ethinyl Estradiol, Levomefolate Calcium tablets and Levomefolate Calcium tablets in the US market. The drug can be used to prevent pregnancy.
Earlier, the company received approval from the US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA). After the approval, it introduced the contraceptive drugs in the market. USFDA approval was granted in the strengths of 3 mg/ 0.02mg/ 0.451 mg and 0.451 mg.The products introduced by Lupin is a generic equivalent of Bayer's Beyaz tablets. Lupin said Drospirenone, Ethinyl Estradiol and Levomefolate Calcium Tablets and Levomefolate Calcium Tablets had annual sales of approximately USD 80.8 million in the US.
A study found that a drug, Belviq, can help people lose weight and keep it off for several years without raising their risk for heart problems. For the first time, such has been found. It is believed that the results may encourage wider use of the drug, Belviq, to help fight obesity.
Belviq is an appetite suppressant that works by stimulating brain chemicals to give a feeling of fullness. This drug has been sold in the U.S. since 2013 and is the first of several new weight-loss medicines to pass a heart safety study.
Researchers studied and tested the drug on 12,000 people who were either obese or overweight with heart disease risk factors such as high blood pressure or cholesterol. It did not raise heart risks, it didn't lower them either, as many had hoped it would. The weight loss it produced was fairly modest, after 40 months.
NETA National Electoral Transformation (NETA) Leaders Report Card App, the brainchild of 27-year-old entrepreneur Pratham Mittal is a platform where voters can review and rate their elected representatives and hold them accountable as well.
NASA has introduced two virtual reality apps which will allow users to take selfies in front of gorgeous cosmic locations.
The two apps, the Selfies app and Exoplanet Excursions virtual reality app, were released to celebrate the 15th anniversary of the launch of NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope.
The app will let you take snapshots of yourself in a virtual spacesuit, posing in front of gorgeous cosmic locations, like the Orion Nebula or the centre of the Milky Way galaxy. It also provides information about the science behind these stunning images.