In India, nearly 85% of cervical cancer are diagnosed in the advanced stages. Hence a new technique, Liquid Based Cytology (LBC) for screening cervical cancer was launched.
In the conventional method, the total number of samples taken may not be transferred to the slide. But in LBC, whatever sample is taken gets transferred to the slide making analysis with high accuracy.
LBC technique would help in detecting cervical cancer during the pre-cancerous stage. In Tamilnadu, about 5 to 6 hospitals have introduced this technique so far.
On Dec 3, 2014, a Japanese Probe, Hayabusa2, was sent on a mission to explore asteroids in deep space. It has reached an asteroid named ‘Ryugu’ meaning ‘Dragon Palace” to collect information about the birth of the solar system and origin of life.
The Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) said that the probe was successfully settled into an observatory position into a 20 km above the asteroid.
It is expected that when the probe touches down on the asteroid, it will identify suitable sites to take samples from it to continue the research.
The Mesoamerican Reef was marked as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1960. It was placed on endangered status in 2009 because of Belize’s plans to allow oil exploration.
To protect the site a number of measures were taken by the Belizean government and the activists.
Now, UN body is considering to remove the reef from the UNESCO’s list of threatened World Heritage sites.
India gifted a Dornier maritime patrol aircraft, Do-228 to Seychelles as an act of India’s firm commitment and cooperation towards Seychelles.
The Dornier is equipped with a 360-degree surveillance radar, a forward-looking Infra-red system, satellite communication, a traffic collision, and avoidance system and an enhanced ground proximity warning system, among others. It can be used for EEZ monitoring, Maritime surveillance, Pollution monitoring and control, search and rescue and commuter services.
This is the second Dornier aircraft to be gifted by India to Seychelles. The first one was given in January 2013.
PM Narendra Modi has also announced a $100 million credit for Seychelles to buy military hardware from India.
Russian billionaire and scientist Igor Ashurbeyli officially declared himself as the leader of the world's first space nation 'Asgardia'.
Ashurbeyli's brainchild Asgardia aims to be an independent space nation, with its own government, currency, justice system and calendar.
Focused towards establishing a permanent settlement on the moon in 25 years, Asgardia already has 2 lakh citizens.
Asgardia, also known as the Space Kingdom of Asgardia, is a proposed and self-proclaimed nation in outer space.
Capital - Asgardia-1 (satellite)
Administrative center - Vienna, Austria
Purported currency - SOLAR (proposed)
Membership - 199,000 (approx.)
To help deliver passports to applicants at their residence, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj launched the "mPassport Seva" mobile application on the occasion of 'Passport Seva Divas'.
She also scrapped the marriage certificate’s compulsion, required for obtaining passports.
In total, there are 260 working passport centres, which will be expanded to all Lok Sabha constituencies in the near future.
Air pollution is affecting trees by causing malnutrition in the form of discolored leaves and excessive falling of leaves in European countries. This research is done by lead researcher Martin Bidartondo from Imperial College London.
Essential nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium from the soil in exchange for carbon from the tree is provided by Mycorrhizal fungi which are hosted by the tree in its roots.
High level of nutrition elements like nitrogen and phosphorus in the mycorrhizae changes them to act as pollutants rather than nutrients.
India has picked almost 28% or $ 1.4 billion of AIIB’s total funding for seven projects.
Finance Minister, Piyush Goyal said ‘In India, Infrastructure creation requires $4.5 trillion investments over the next 10 years’.
India is expecting investment in 9 more infrastructure projects with a funding of $ 2.4 billion from AIIB.
Recently, India hosted the World Environment Day on June 5, 2018. The theme was ‘Beat Plastic Pollution’.
On that occasion, Prime Minister Narendra Modi made a high-profile pledge that India would do away with all the single-use plastics by 2022.
The ban on plastics Maharashtra, after 3 months of notice, is an extreme measure as it supports the goal.
Microsoft has acquired Flipgrid, an education start-up with an app that lets students record and share videos on specific topics with their classmates.
Microsoft is making Flipgrid free of charge. Schools that already have subscriptions will receive prorated refunds.
Google introduced Google Classroom in 2014 as a place for teachers to give out assignments and for students to hand them in, using the company's productivity apps like Google Docs.
In 2016, Microsoft unveiled a similar tool called Microsoft Classroom as part of its Office 365 productivity software package for education.
US scientists have unveiled the world’s most powerful and smartest scientific supercomputer named "Summit" that can complete over 200,000 trillion calculations per second.
This supercomputer called Summit will be eight times more powerful than its previous top-ranked system, Titan.
Punjab govt launched a mobile app named "i-Hariyali" under 'Mission Tandarust' to offer free saplings for users.
The users can book a sapling of their choice, a maximum of 25 per person, from a nearby government nursery.
Russia launched a Soyuz-2.1b carrier rocket from the Plesetsk space center to orbit a Glonass-M satellite.
GLONASS - the Russian acronym for 'Global Navigation Satellite System'.
The Glonass network provides real-time positioning data for surface, sea and airborne objects around the globe, at an accuracy reportedly on par with the U.S. Global Positioning System (GPS).
With this Launch, there are now 26 Glonass satellites in orbit.
Maharashtra CM Devendra Fadnavis visited one of "Virgin Hyperloop One" test sites in the US.
This visit follows the MoU signed by the state government with the Virgin Group to build the Mumbai-Pune Hyperloop at an estimated cost of ₹20,000 crore.
The Hyperloop is expected to reduce the travel time between the two cities to 25 minutes.
In February 2018, Virgin Hyperloop One founder and chairman Richard Branson had signed an agreement in presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and CM Fadnavis to take up the Mumbai-Pune project.
NASA for the first time successfully flown its large remote-piloted Ikhana aircraft in the public airspace without a safety chase aeroplanes, the US space agency.
is a modified General Atomics Aeronautical Systems' Predator B unmanned aircraft system being used by NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, CA, for a variety of environmental science and aeronautical research roles
Venus is not a hospitable place for humans.
The planet is covered in thick, billowing sulfuric acid clouds, underneath which temperatures reach nearly a thousand degrees Fahrenheit.
If you were unfortunate enough to stand on Venus’ volcano-spotted surface, you would feel 100 times more pressure than you would be standing on the surface of our own planet, in large part due to its atmosphere.
Naturally, NASA scientists have a lot of questions. A team of them recently announced Project HAVOC, which stands for “High Altitude Venus Operational Concept.” The project details how a 30-day, manned mission to Venus might go down.
And while the operation is purely speculative much of the necessary technology doesn’t exist yet it marks the first serious plan for how people might explore our nearest planetary neighbor.
Even though this announcement arrived alongside news that NASA’s goals don’t match what the American public wants NASA to be doing (the White House scrapped climate research for more moon missions, the public wants the opposite), no one around here is complaining about this proposal. Because it’s an undeniably-cool sci-fi vision come to (theoretical) life.
Air Chief Marshal Birender Singh Dhanoa is on a four-day visit to Brazil.
He is scheduled to visit various operational and training units as well as interact with senior officials of the Brazilian Air Force.
The visit will give further impetus towards increasing defense co-operation and pave the way for greater interaction between the two countries.
Social networking giant Facebook partnered with the National Commission for Women (NCW) to launch a Digital Literacy Programme (DLP).
The DLP will be launched in collaboration with the Cyber Peace Foundation (CPF).
Cyber Peace Foundation is a Ranchi, Jharkhand-based civil society organization involved in training related to all aspects of cybersecurity.
The India Meteorological Department (IMD) launched a new Ensemble Prediction Systems (EPS) to provide probabilistic weather forecasts up to the next 10 days.
According to IMD, these new systems shall improve upon deterministic forecasts that are prone to high margins of error. The EPS involves generation of multiple forecasts using slightly varying initial conditions.
The 450-crore acquisition of eight petaflops high-power computing systems will help in generating newer forecasts which have a higher resolution of 12km instead of the 23km resolution that has been in use till now.
The forecast related to the intensity of the weather will also be more accurate and color coded.
The new model has been developed jointly by Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology and National Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting.
BMGI, a global management consulting firm entered into a strategic partnership with SmartConnect Technologies, which provides Social / Digital Process Transformation through its IP-suite UNFYD®COMPASS across Marketing, Sales, Customer Service, mobility, and field service operations.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched a survey on the NaMo App, asking people to rate the performance of the government at the Centre and MPs and MLAs in their constituencies.
He launched the initiative, to mark the completion of four years of the NDA government, which came to power at the Centre in 2014.
The California-based aerospace company, SpaceX has blasted off its most powerful Falcon 9 rocket, which is certified to carry humans to space later this year.
The Block 5 Falcon 9 rocket’s main goal for its maiden mission is to propel the first high-orbit communications satellite for Bangladesh, called Bangabandhu Satellite-1.
The Block 5 Falcon 9 is eventually meant to carry astronauts to the International Space Station, with the first launch tentatively planned for December 2018.
China successfully launched a hyperspectral imaging satellite 'Gaofen-5' for comprehensive observation of the atmosphere, including air pollution which is one of the country's major problems.
The Gaofen-5 satellite was launched off the back of a Long March 4C rocket from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center.
It was the 274th flight mission by a Long March carrier rocket. It has a designed life of eight years. Gaofen-5 is the first China-developed satellite that can monitor air pollution. It can dynamically reflect the state of air pollution in China through the monitoring of air pollutants, greenhouse gases, and aerosols.
The Gaofen project began in 2010.
The Indian Space Research Organization developed an atomic clock to be used in navigation satellites. It is supposed to measure precise location data.
Once it successfully clears all tests, the desi atomic clock will be used in an experimental navigation satellite to test its accuracy and durability in space.
At present, ISRO imports atomic clocks from European aerospace manufacturer Astrium (EAMA) for its navigation satellites.
With the development of indigenous atomic clocks, the space agency sure gets a mark of technological advancement.
The union government released the draft of the new Telecom policy named National Digital Communications Policy, 2018.
The policy aims at creating 40 lakh new jobs by 2022, attracting 100 billion US dollars investment in the sector and ensuring broadband coverage at 50 Mbps for every citizen.
The draft proposes one Gbps connectivity to all Gram Panchayats by 2020 and 10 Gbps by 2022. It also proposes to address woes of the Telecom sector by reviewing license fees, spectrum usage charges, the universal service obligation fund levy for enhancing ease of doing business in the sector.
Indigenously developed Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas successfully fired an air-to-air beyond visual range (BVR) missile.
With this, Tejas has demonstrated its overall capability as an effective combat jet and inched closer to receive final operational clearance.
The test firing of the missile from a Tejas jet was carried off the Goa coast and it met all operational requirements.
The successful launch of the BVR missile will expedite issuance of the Final Operational Clearance to the aircraft developed by state-run Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) and Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
A MoU on technical knowledge sharing for establishing a nationwide Time Stamping & Time Synchronization network and traceability of Time signal to UTC NPL Time was signed between Council of Scientific and Industrial Research -National Physical Laboratory (CSIR-NPL) and Department of Telecommunications (DoT), Ministry of Communications.
The Nationwide, Time Stamping & Time Synchronization network consisting of 22 numbers of Time Synchronization Centers (TSC’s) will be set up by DoT with technical assistance from CSIR-NPL.
Hardeep Puri, Minister of State for Housing and Urban Affairs (I/C) launched a Mobile App (m-Awas) for allotment of Government accommodations in General Pool Residential Accommodation (GPRA) in Delhi under the control of the Directorate of Estates.
The application has been developed by NIC. A total number of 61,317 residential accommodations of various types are available in Delhi which are allotted to the eligible Central Government employees through Automated System of Allotment (ASA), by using login Id and password.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi left on a five-day visit to Sweden and the UK.
The visit to the two nations aims at enhancing bilateral cooperation in key areas like trade, investments and Science & technology.
On the first leg of his visit, the Prime Minister will attend the first-ever India-Nordic Summit at Stockholm, which will be co-hosted by India and Sweden.
In London, Mr. Modi will take part in the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting being hosted by the UK.
The Indian Space Research Organisation(ISRO) launched the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System-1L, the eighth such satellite to be a part of a constellation.
It was launched from the first launch pad at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.
IRNSS-1L is expected to replace IRNSS-1A, the first of the seven navigation satellites that were rendered ineffective after its three rubidium atomic clocks failed.
The seven satellites are part of the NavIC navigation satellite constellation.
In a bid to use technology for farmers' benefit, Tamil Nadu government come out with a mobile application named 'Uzhavan' (farmer) app that will allow ryots to have access to nine types of services including details about their crop insurance.
It was launched by Chief Minister K Palaniswami.
The app can be used by farmers to get information on farm subsidies, book farm equipment and related infrastructure and get details on their crop insurance besides receiving weather forecast for the next four days.
Palaniswami also launched the 'Amma Bio-Fertiliser' scheme.
Patna tops in 4G connectivity among 20 of India’s largest cities.
It has emerged ahead of the likes of Bengaluru, Mumbai and Delhi, according to the report of OpenSignal, a wireless coverage mapping company.
Four cities from India’s central and eastern regions namely Patna, Kanpur, Allahabad, Kolkata, Bhopal, and Lucknow made it to the top 10 while popular tech hubs like Bengaluru are at 10, followed by Hyderabad, Mumbai, and Delhi.
The RH-300 MKII sounding rocket developed by IRSO’s Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) was successfully launched from Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launch.
The rocket was launched by VSSC under Sounding Rocket Experiment (SOUREX) programme for atmospheric studies.
It utilizes this rocket to study the Equator.
The Turkish Atomic Energy Authority (TAEK) was awarded a construction license for Akkuyu NPP, Turkey's first nuclear power plant, which is being built in Mersin province, in southern Turkey. JSC Akkuyu Nuclear is the Russian-owned company which is responsible for the project.
The USD20 billion project to build the four-unit, 4800 MWe plant is part of Erdogan's '2023 Vision' marking 100 years since the founding of modern Turkey and is intended to reduce the country's dependence on energy imports. The plant is expected to meet about 10% of Turkey's electricity needs.
China successfully sent pair of twin Beidou-3MEO satellites – Beidou-30 and Beidou-31 –into space as part of its third and final stage of launching its domestic Beidou (Compass) satellite navigation system.
They were launched on board Long March-3B carrier rocket from Xichang Satellite Launch Center in south-west China's Sichuan Province.
It was a 269th mission for the Long March rocket family.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is all set to send the first-ever mission dedicated to exploring the deep interior of Mars. Scheduled to launch on 5 May, InSight—a stationary lander—will also be the first Nasa mission since the Apollo moon landings to place a seismometer, a device that measures quakes, on the soil of another planet.
InSight or the Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport mission, carries a suite of sensitive instruments to gather data.
Breaking down into several big pieces, Chinese space station weighing over 7 tonnes will crash into our planet on or around April 1.
Chinese authorities are monitoring its move, it could crash in a northern US state such as Michigan.
The European Space Agency said that most of the Tiangong-1 (Heavenly Palace) will burn up even before hitting the land and the extent of human casualty is receding. The station was put into orbit in September 2011 and took part in 2 missions.
Northern China, central Italy, northern Spain, the Middle East, New Zealand, Tasmania, South America and South Africa have also been identified as regions with a high chance of impact.
The Heavenly Palace is expected to break into pieces as big as 100kg while making a plunge into the planet.
Tiangong-1 was launched on 1 October 2011, the Chinese National Day.
In September 2016, Chinese officials confirmed that they had lost control of the space lab and that it would crash into Earth sometime in the latter half of 2017. In May, China told the United Nations that the lab would reenter Earth between October and April 2018.
Krishnaswamy Vijay Raghavan was appointed the principal scientific adviser to the government of India.
Vijay Raghavan will succeed physicist Rajagopala Chidambaram who has been in the position for more than 16 years.
Vijay Raghavan, a former director of National Centre for Biological Sciences, was appointed Secretary of Department of Biotechnology in 2013.
Ministry of Road Transport and Highways headed by Nitin Gadkari has launched a new mobile app called 'Sukhad Yatra' which is aimed to empower frequent highway users.
Sukhad yatra mobile application has been developed by National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) and offers a number of convenient features including real-time data waiting-time at toll-plazas.
Top-features of Sukhad Yatra Mobile App launched by Ministry of Road Transport and NHAI:
Complain about FastTag facility/Lane
Complain against Toll Plaza management
Potholes and other maintenance issues
Safety hazard during road construction along highways across India
Poor workman ship of construction
Online recharge FastTag cards
Locating Point of Interests (POI) including restaurants, petrol pumps on highways, restroom etc
Real-Time data of toll plaza - Know waiting time at toll plazas
National Science Day (NSD) is celebrated every year on 28 February.
The theme of NSD-2018 is “Science and Technology for a Sustainable Future”.
NSD is celebrated to commemorate the discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’, which led to Sir C.V. Raman winning the Noble Prize. The theme has been chosen for the purpose of raising public appreciation of the scientific issues involved.
Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully flown it's Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle RUSTOM 2 in Karnataka.
The flight assumes significance as this is the first flight in user configuration with higher power engine.
India at present depends on America and Israel for such predator drones. DRDO is developing within India a medium-altitude long-endurance unmanned aerial vehicle RUSTOM 2.
It has the capability to fly for 24 hours at a stretch at over 200 km/hr speed, and can, not only conduct sustained surveillance but will be able to destroy enemy targets.
Chinese technology giant Huawei and telecom services provider Bharti Airtel announced to have successfully conducted 5G network trial under a test set-up in India.
The trial was conducted at Airtel’s Network Experience Centre in Manesar (Gurugram).
During the test trial, the speed of more than 3Gbps was achieved.
This is the highest measured throughput for a mobile network in 3.5 GHz band with 100MHz bandwidth and end-to-end network latency of approximately 1 msec.
India successfully test-fired the nuclear-capable surface-to-surface Dhanush ballistic missile with a strike range of 350 km from a naval ship off Odisha coast.
This naval variant of the indigenously-developed Prithvi-II missile was test-fired from the ship positioned near Paradip in the Bay of Bengal.
It was developed bt the Defence Research and Development Organisation. ‘Dhanush’ missile is is capable of carrying a payload of 500 kg and hitting both land and sea-based targets.
India successfully conducted a night trial of its indigenously developed nuclear capable Prithvi-II missile with a strike range of 350 km, from a test range in Odisha.
The surface-to-surface missile was test-fired from a mobile launcher from launch complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur, Odisha.
The perfect test launch came after the successful trial of the Agni-5 missile.
India successfully test-fired Agni II medium-range nuclear-capable missile from APJ Abdul Kalam island off the Odisha coast. The Strategic Forces Command (SFC) fired Agni-II from a mobile launcher at launch complex 4 of the Integrated Test Range.
Agni-II, which has a length of 20 meters, weighs 17 tonnes and can carry a payload of 1000 kgs over a distance of 2000 km. It is a part of the Agni series of missiles developed by the DRDO.
According to the Union Minister of State of the Atomic Energy and Space, Dr. Jitendra Singh, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is planning to launch Chandrayan-2 Mission around April 2018.
It is the country's second mission to the moon.
Chandraayan-2 is a challenging mission as for the first time we will carry an orbiter, a lander and a rover to the moon. Chairman of Isro K Sivan stated that the total cost of the Chandrayaan 2 mission will be about Rs 8 billion.
The window for launch is open until October 2018.
Russian space agency Roskosmos has successfully launched Progress MS-08, an unmanned cargo spacecraft for the International Space Station (ISS).
It was launched onboard of Soyuz-2.1a rocket from Russian-leased Baikonur launch facility in Kazakhstan.
Soyuz-2.1a has four strap-on boosters and core engine, all fueled by a mix of kerosene and liquid oxygen.
Over 200 scientists from 25 nations are conducting simulation tests in the vast sandy terrain of Dhofar Desert in southern Oman for a manned mission to Mars.
Scientists from across the world sent ideas for experiments and the mission, named AMADEE-18, quickly grew to 16 scientific experiments, such as testing a “tumbleweed” whip-fast robot rover and a new space suit called Aouda.
The cutting-edge spacesuit, weighing about 50 kilograms, is called a “personal spaceship” because one can breathe, eat and do hard science inside it. The suit’s visor displays maps, communications and sensor data. A blue piece of foam in front of the chin can be used to wipe your nose and mouth.
The US-based SpaceX successfully launched the world's most powerful operational rocket Falcon Heavy towards Mars.
The rocket, carrying a Tesla Roadster car, will revolve around the Sun in a way that will repeatedly bring it close to the Earth and Mars.
The Falcon Heavy's thrust and capacity are the highest since NASA's Saturn V, which carried astronauts to the Moon.
Falcon Heavy successfully lifted off from Launch Complex 39A at Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
India successfully test-fired the indigenously developed short-range nuclear capable Agni-I ballistic missile.
The missile was fired from the Abdul Kalam Island off Odisha coast.
The test was conducted by the Strategic Force Command of the Indian Army.
The range of Missile is 700 km.
It was 18th version of Agni-I.