Science & Technology Current Affairs 2019 - Current Affairs Today

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  • SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launches Ten Iridium communications satellites

    1 day ago
    SpaceX rocket delivered 10 satellites to low-Earth orbit on Friday, completing a two-year campaign by Iridium Communications to replace its original fleet with a new generation of mobile communication technology and added global aircraft tracking capability. The Falcon 9 rocket blasted off from Vandenberg Air Force Base at 7:31 am and arced over the Pacific west of Los Angeles. The previously used first stage was recovered again with a bullseye landing on a "droneship" in the ocean while the upper stage continued on to orbit. The eighth and final launch of the $3 billion (roughly Rs. 21,000 crores) Iridium NEXT project completed delivery of 75 new satellites to orbit for the McLean, Virginia, company. Sixty-six will be operational and nine will serve as in-orbit spares. Six other satellites remain on the ground as spares.

    Study shows solar wind fills the dark side of the Moon

    1 day ago
    A study using observations from Chandrayaan 1 mission has found how plasma particles from the solar wind make their way into the Moon’s night side, filling up the wake region, long thought to be devoid of plasma particles. This has significance in understanding bodies like the Moon which do not have global magnetic fields.  In recent times, there has been a huge interest in understanding the plasma environment of the Moon, which is generated mainly by its interaction with the solar plasma wind flowing towards it from the Sun. This plasma wind consists of charged particles such as protons and is partly absorbed by the side of the Moon facing the sun. The rest of the solar plasma wind incident on the Moon flows around it but leaves a wake (a void) on the side not facing the sun (the night-side of the Moon). The interaction between the Moon and the solar plasma helps to understand any celestial body which has no atmosphere or global magnetic fields, such as asteroids and some planetary satellites.

    Researchers have discovered six new species of bent toed geckos

    2 days ago
    Researchers have discovered six new species of bent-toed geckos, a type of small lizard, from northeastern India, and one of them is from Assam's capital, Guwahati.  While researchers found the Guwahati bent-toed gecko (Cyrtodactylus guwahatiensis, named after the city) near a small hillock in the urban sprawl of Guwahati city, the Kaziranga bent-toed gecko, the Jaintia bent-toed gecko, and the Nagaland bent-toed gecko have been discovered from Assam's Kaziranga National Park, the Jaintia hills of Meghalaya and Khonoma village in Nagaland, respectively.  The Abhayapuri bent-toed gecko is currently found only in the vicinity of Abhayapuri town in Assam’s Bongaigaon district, and the Jampui bent-toed gecko, only in Tripura’s Jampui Hills. All the new lizards belong to the genus Cyrtodactylus and are called bent-toed or bow-fingered geckos, named after their bent toes.

    ISRO aims to send human astronauts to space by the year of 2021

    13 January 2019
    The year 2021 will be a busy year for the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) as it has set itself the target to send astronauts to space. The Gaganyaan project by the space agency will make India the fourth nation to independently send humans into space announced ISRO chief Dr. K Sivan. The Gaganyaan project was announced by PM Modi on Independence Day last year and union minister Ravi Shankar Prasad last month had said that three Indian astronauts will be sent to space for up to seven days by 2022 as part of the Gaganyaan.

    NASAs TESS found a new planet

    10 January 2019
    Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS), NASA’s latest planet-hunting probe, has discovered a new world outside our solar system, orbiting a dwarf star 53 light years away. This is the third new planet confirmed by TESS since its launch in April 2018. The planet has been named as HD 21749b. The planets orbits a bright, nearby dwarf star about 53 light years away, in the constellation Reticulum, and appears to have the longest orbital period of the three planets so far identified by TESS.

    ISRO plans to set up Space Galleries

    10 January 2019
    Indian Space Research Organisation, ISRO planned to set up Space Galleries in various locations in the country.  The Space Galleries are expected to disseminate the knowledge about space science and technology amongst the citizens of the country.

    USFDA approved Lupins Lurasidone Hydrochloride drug

    8 January 2019
    Lupin, the major Drug maker, received the approval from United States Food & Drug Administration (USFDA), the U.S. health regulator, to market Lurasidone Hydrochloride tablets in the U.S.  The firm can sell its product in strengths of 20 mg, 40 mg, 60 mg, 80 mg, and 120 mg. The drug is a generic version of Sunovion Pharmaceuticals Inc.’s Latuda tablets. The drug is indicated for conditions such as schizophrenia and bipolar depression. United States Food & Drug Administration (USFDA): ♦ Established on: June 30, 1906 ♦ Headquarters: Maryland, United States ♦ USFDA is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services ♦ It is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the control and supervision of food safety, tobacco products, dietary supplements, vaccines, biopharmaceuticals, blood transfusions, medical devices, Electromagnetic Radiation Emitting Devices (ERED), cosmetics, animal foods & feed and veterinary products

    ISS to grow beans in 2021

    7 January 2019
    New research suggested International Space Station (ISS) could be growing beans in 2021. It had already cultivated lettuce in space three years ago. The beans could be planted in high-tech planters developed at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU). The planters can regulate all the water, nutrients, gas and air the plants need. The project is to be carried out by NTNU in collaboration with Italian and French researchers. The food grown in space could be crucial to sustain the crew in future deep space missions. International Space Station (ISS): ♦ Launched on: 20 November 1998 ♦ ​​​​​​​Launched by: Russian Proton and Soyuz rockets, and American Space Shuttles ♦ ​​​​​​​Expected operation end date: 2030 ♦ ​​​​​​​Crew: Fully crewed: 6, Currently aboard: 3  ♦ ​​​​​​​No. of orbits : 113,456 as of September 2018 ♦ ​​​​​​​ISS is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) ♦ It is the largest human-made body in low Earth orbit and can often be seen with the naked eye from Earth ♦ It is the ninth space station to be inhabited by crews ♦ It consists of pressurized habitation modules, structural trusses, solar arrays, radiators, docking ports, experiment bays, and robotic arms. ISS components have been launched by Russian Proton and Soyuz rockets, and American Space Shuttles

    Chandrayaan-2 mission launch most likely in Feb

    6 January 2019
    Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will most likely launch Chandrayaan-2, the country’s second mission to the Moon. The features of the Chandrayaan-2 mission are: Chandrayaan-2 mission is a totally indigenous venture comprising of an orbiter, a lander, and a rover. There would be a controlled descent and the lander would soft-land on the lunar surface at a specified site and deploy a rover.

    China named its lunar rover as Yutu 2

    6 January 2019
    China successfully deployed Chang’e-4 lunar probe to carry out a string of experiments on the unexplored far side of the moon.  It has named the lunar rover as ‘Yutu 2’. The Lunar rover Yutu 2 touched the lunar surface and left a trace on the loose lunar soil. The rover’s touchdown is part of China Chang’e-4 lunar probe. Analysts say that China’s lunar probe is part of its Made in China-2025 project. It will be focusing on advanced technology, including space applications.

    Study says spinach protein may offer treatment for alcohol abuse, mood disorders

    6 January 2019
    Researchers from Purdue University, Indiana, US, found a large protein in spinach that may aid in the development of new medications for millions around the world dealing with alcohol use disorders, chronic pain, and mood disorders. They discovered two peptides which are naturally metabolic products of Rubisco, a large protein found in many plants like spinach, that may aid in the development of new medications. The researchers are pursuing synthetic and computational strategies to improve these peptides to make them more effective. The rubiscolin peptides are also being investigated for their ability to regulate dietary intake and are even commercially available in anti-ageing skin products.

    China successfully tested its Mother of All Bombs

    6 January 2019
    China successfully tested its most powerful non-nuclear weapon, dubbed as the Mother of All Bombs. The bomb, whose strength is only second to that of a nuclear weapon, was dropped by a Chinese H-6K bomber.  The bomb is five to six metres long (16 to 20 feet), but weighs less than the American version. In a short video published on the website of state arms manufacturer Norinco, the massive bomb drops on to a plain and produces a gigantic ball of fire and black smoke. 

    Indian Railways to launch WiFi facilities at a minimum of 2,000 stations

    5 January 2019
    Railway Minister Piyush Goyal instructed officials to provide WiFi facilities at a minimum of 2,000 stations as soon as possible. He also called for setting up a single helpline number for all non-security railway complaints by the end of January. Additionally, Point of Sale (PoS) machines will be distributed in all trains to each catering staffer by March 31 to address complaints related to overcharging by the caterer. The government will also replace conventional coaches with modern Linke Hofmann Busch (LHB) design coaches in all long distance trains.

    SCCL, the public sector miner, launched social media wall

    5 January 2019
    Singareni Collieries Company Limited (SCCL), a public sector miner, launched the social media wall on the YouTube Channel Singareni Siren, Facebook application, Instagram and Twitter handles, all at one place. It aims at bringing together all the social media applications introduced to disseminate information on the developments. The application would incorporate information pertaining to coal production, transport and details of power generation by the National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC)-run plants in addition to welfare activities taken up by the company for the employees as well as those residing in the mining areas. Those interested can click the social media wall icon placed on the website www.scclmines.com to view/download information about its activities.

    CM N.Chandrababu Naidu launched Prana Raksha app of police

    4 January 2019
    Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu launched the Prana Raksha web application developed by the Chittoor police at Kuppam, Andhra Pradesh. The app has been designed to save the lives of road accident victims and reach out to women in distress. The Prana Raksha app, which works on the SoS and panic button features, would enable users to immediately contact the police. Keeping in mind the 8 national highways and 26 State highways connected to the neighbouring Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, while thousands of inter-State pilgrims reach Tirumala daily, the app has been designed to view the alarming rate of accidents on these roads.

    PM stressed the State universities to focus on research

    4 January 2019
    Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that research should expand beyond the Central institutes of national importance such as the IITs and the IISERs and branch out into the State universities across the country at the 106th edition of the Indian Science Congress, Punjab. The theme is FUTURE INDIA – Science and Technology. In India, 95% of our students go to State universities and colleges and hence it is necessary to have a strong research ecosystem in these places. Mr. Modi while addressing called on the Prime Minister’s Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council to formulate a plan to implement such a scheme. He also added that more technology is needed as the majority of farmers possess less than 2 hectares of land.

    Kaiga Atomic power station sets new world record

    4 January 2019
    Karnataka’s Kaiga Atomic power station created a world record for the longest uninterrupted operation for 962 days on December 10. It had earlier set a record of 941 days. The earlier record of 940 days by Heysham-2 unit 2 was set by the United Kingdom. Generating Station-1 (KGS-1) at Kaiga in Uttara Kannada, Karnataka has now been shut down for maintenance after 962 days of operation. It will be commissioned again after the maintenance activities. Nuclear Power Corporation of India (NPCIL) said that during its continuous operation of 962 days KGS-1 had produced 5 billion units of electricity at a plant load factor of 99.3%. Kaiga has four indigenously developed Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors of 220 MW each fuelled by domestic fuel. Of them, KGS-2 has been operating since the last 661 days.

    Chang e 4 lunar probe landed on far side of the moon

    4 January 2019
    Chang’e-4 lunar probe, a Chinese space probe, touched down on the far side of the moon. The probe, which has a lander and a rover, that was launched in December made the soft landing and transmitted the first-ever close-range image of the far side of the moon. It touched down at a targeted area near the moon’s south pole in the Von Karman Crater. The purpose of the Chang’e-4 includes astronomical observation, surveying the moon’s terrain, landform, and mineral makeup, and measuring the neutron radiation and neutral atoms to study the environment of its far side. The moon is tidally locked to Earth, rotating at the same rate as it orbits our planet, so most of the far side or dark side is never visible to us. Previous spacecraft have seen the far side, but none has landed on it. China’s space agency hailed the event as a historic first and a major achievement for the country’s space programme.

    Juno probe captured volcanic plumes on Io

    3 January 2019
    Juno spacecraft, NASA’s solar-powered probe on Jupiter, has beamed back new images of volcanic plumes on Jupiter’s moon Io, captured during the mission’s 17th flyby of the gas giant. On December 21, four of Juno’s cameras captured images of the Jovian moon Io. Jupiter’s Io moon: ♦ Io is the most volcanic body in our solar system ♦​​​​​​​ Io's volcanoes were discovered by NASA's Voyager spacecraft in 1979 ♦​​​​​​​ Images could lead to new insights into Jupiter's interactions with its five moons

    ISRO Planning to Launch 32 Space Missions in 2019

    3 January 2019
    The missions include the second lunar mission Chandrayaan-2 (₹800-crore mission) to land on the moon with lander and rover. India's maiden human space mission in 2021-22, Gaganyaan, will also be pursued this year. Among the ISRO's achievements in 2018 were launch of the heaviest satellite GSAT-29 (3,423 kg) on November 14 and building the heaviest communication satellite GSAT-11 (5,854 kg), launched on December 5 onboard the Arianespace space agency's rocket from French Guiana on the north Atlantic coast of South America. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) chairman - K. Sivan

    First test communication satellite of Hongyan constellation and six Yunhai-2 atmospheric environment research satellites were launched by China in its 297th Long March-2D rocket mission

    31 December 2018
    China successfully sent six Yunhai-2 atmospheric environment research satellites and a test communication satellite of Hongyan constellation into orbit. They were launched by a Long March-2D rocket from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in northwest China. It was the 297th mission of the Long March rocket series. The six Yunhai-2 satellites will study atmospheric environment, monitor space environment, prevent and reduce disasters and conduct scientific experiments. The test satellite, the first for the constellation Hongyan, meaning “swan goose” in Chinese, will be used to verify the function of mobile communications in low earth orbit (LEO).

    Turkmenistan Launches First Messaging App

    30 December 2018
    Turkmenistan launched its first messaging app BizBarde. The privately developed BizBarde app will allow the exchange of messages, files, photos and videos, the state Yaslyk television station announced.

    Telangana State cancer institute achieved two world records

    30 December 2018
    Telangana State Department of Health, Medical and Family Welfare and the MNJ Institute of Oncology achieved two world records, the Guinness World Records and High Range World Records by the cancer institute. Chief Minister K. Chandrasekhar Rao has congratulated and described it as one of the biggest achievements for Telangana government. MNJ is the first and only government hospital to achieve two world records. MNJ Institute of Oncology organized the largest men’s gathering of health awareness on prostrate cancer in Hyderabad on October 26 this year. The awareness programme, held on Cancer Day, saw the participation of 487 men.

    Cabinet approved the Gaganyaan programme

    29 December 2018
    The Cabinet approved the Gaganyaan programme, which will send three Indian astronauts to space for up to seven days by 2022 at a cost of Rs.10,000 crore. As part of the programme, two unmanned flights and one manned flight will be undertaken.  The demonstration for the first human spaceflight is targeted to be completed within 40 months of the sanction date. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has developed the launch vehicle GSLV MK-III, which has the necessary payload capability to launch a three-member crew module in low earth orbit. The ISRO has also tested the crew escape system which is an essential technology for human space flight. Elements of the life support system and the space suit have also been realized and tested.

    Historic Dharahara tower to be reconstructed

    28 December 2018
    Nepal Prime Minister K.P. Sharma Oli laid the foundation stone for the reconstruction of the historic Dharahara tower in the heart of Kathmandu. The Dharahara tower was destroyed during the 2015 earthquake. A joint venture of Chinese company GIETC and a local firm has won the contract to rebuild the 22-storeyed structure.

    Researchers built Virtual Reality (VR) 3D model of cancer

    27 December 2018
    Scientists from Cancer Research U.K. Cambridge Institute (CRUK) have built a Virtual Reality (VR) 3D model of cancer that allows viewers to fly through tumour cells, observing every detail from different angles. The advance paves the way for better understanding cancer and developing new treatments for it. The tumour can be studied in detail and from all angles with each individual cell mapped. Researchers started with a 1 mm cubed piece of breast cancer tissue biopsy, containing around 1,00,000 cells. They cut wafer thin slices, an then stained them with markers to show their molecular make-up and DNA characteristics.  The tumour was then rebuilt using VR, which allows multiple users from anywhere in the world to examine it. VR headsets magnifies the pinhead sized cells to appear several metres across. 

    Russia successfully tested hypersonic missile

    27 December 2018
    Russia successfully tested the hypersonic Avangard missile system. The hypersonic missile could fly at 20 times the speed of sound and manoeuvre up and down, meaning that it could breach defence systems. Russian President Vladimir Putin hailed final tests of a hypersonic missile, which he had earlier said would render existing missile systems obsolete. He also said that Russia's Avangard system would be ready for use from 2019. Mr.Putin had unveiled features of the Avangard during his annual address in March. The final test is after U.S. President Donald Trump announced plans to pull out of a key Cold War-era nuclear weapons pact, the three-decade-old Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF). Mr.Putin has laid out plans to develop missiles banned under the deal if the U.S. abandons it.

    InSight lander places its first instrument (SEIS) on Mars

    26 December 2018
    The US space agency National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) announced that its InSight lander has deployed its first instrument Seismometer (SEIS) onto the surface of Mars, completing a major mission milestone that will allow scientists to peer into the Martian interior by studying ground motion also known as marsquakes. The Insight will deploy two more instruments namely Rotation and Interior Structure Experiment (RISE) and Heat Probe (HP3) to study Mars’ deep interiors.

    China launched first satellite for space-based broadband to rival Google

    26 December 2018
    The satellite was launched from a Long March 11 carrier rocket from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre in north-western China. The satellite is the first in the Hongyun project planned by China Aerospace Science and Industry Corp (CASIC). The Hongyun project, started in September 2016, aims to build a space-based communications network to provide broadband internet connectivity to users around the world, especially those in the underserved regions.

    India successfully test-fired Nuclear-Capable Agni-IV Missile

    24 December 2018
    India on 23rd December successfully test-fired nuclear strategic ballistic missile Agni-IV from Dr Abdul Kalam Island off the Odisha coast as a part of user trial by the Army. The surface-to-surface missile has a 4,000-km strike range and is equipped with advanced avionics, 5th generation on board computer and distributed architecture. This is the seventh trial of Agni-IV missile.

    Three astronauts return from International Space Station

    23 December 2018
    Three astronauts have returned to Earth after more than six months aboard the International Space Station.  A Russian Soyuz capsule carrying Serena Aunon-Chancellor of NASA, Sergey Prokopyev from Russia and German astronaut Alexander Gerst of the European Space Agency landed on the snow-covered steppes in Kazakhstan.  Russian rescue teams in helicopters and all-terrain vehicles rushed to the landing site to extract the astronauts from the capsule charred by a fiery ride through the atmosphere. The trio spent 197 days in space.

    Genetically Modified plant that cleans indoor air

    23 December 2018
    Researchers have Genetically Modified (GM) a common indoor plant, golden pothos or Devil’s ivy (Epipremnum aureum), to remove pollutants inside the house.  It has been modified to produce a liver enzyme called cytochrome p450 2e1, which is taken from rabbits, that breaks down a wide range of pollutants. The researchers put the modified plant and normal pothos ivy in glass tubes and added either benzene or chloroform gas into each tube. They found that the concentration of either gas did not change for normal plants. However, for the modified plants, the concentration of chloroform dropped by 82%, and it was almost undetectable by day six.

    CMRL to launch mobile app to book a ride

    23 December 2018
    Chennai Metro Rail Limited (CMRL) is to soon offer its commuters a facility to book a ride through its mobile app, for travelling to areas around stations. For this project, CMRL has tied up with a firm to offer the service. The firm’s icon for this service will be created in the Chennai Metro Rail mobile app and when commuters touch the icon, it will direct them to the firm’s vehicle booking page and they can hire a car.

    Blind amphibian is named after US President Donald Trump

    22 December 2018
    A newly-discovered blind amphibian from Panama is to be named after Donald Trump in recognition of the U.S. President’s stance on climate change. EnviroBuild, a U.K.-based sustainable building materials company, announced that it would be using Dermophis donaldtrumpi as the name for the amphibian with no legs and poor eyesight. The small creature is blind and has the ability to bury its head in the ground. Mr. Aidan Bell, the boss of the firm, said that these features of the amphibian match the U.S. leader’s opinion on climate change. Mr. Trump in June last year withdrew the U.S. from the Paris climate change agreement, which commits countries to keeping a limit on rising global temperatures.

    Japanese scientists detected the evidence of water in 17 asteroids

    20 December 2018
    For the first time, Japanese scientists have detected evidence of water in 17 asteroids using data from the infrared satellite AKARI. Researchers from the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and University of Tokyo found that water is retained in asteroids as hydrated minerals, which were produced by chemical reactions of water and anhydrous rocks that occurred inside the asteroids. The observations by the researchers detected absorption, which were attributed to hydrated minerals for 17 C-type asteroids. C-type asteroids, which appear dark at visible wavelengths, were believed to be rich in water and organic material, but the present observations with AKARI are the first to directly confirm the presence of hydrated minerals in these asteroids.

    NASAs first flight to the moon marks its 50th anniversary

    20 December 2018
    NASA’s first flight to the moon to mark its 50th anniversary. On December 21, 1968, three men, commander Frank Borman, Jim Lovell, and Bill Anders, flew to the moon in Apollo 8 for the first time in human history. To this day, the mission is considered NASA’s boldest and perhaps most dangerous undertaking ever. NASA whipped it together in four months, in order to beat the Soviets to the moon. A photo taken by Anders of the Earth rising above the lunar landscape remains the most iconic space snapshot.

    BORI launched an e library of 1000 rare books in Pune

    20 December 2018
    The Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute (BORI) launched an e-library of ancient religious and historical works. BORI houses one of South Asia’s largest and most invaluable agglomeration of rare manuscripts. Nearly 1,000 rare books and manuscripts in Sanskrit and its related languages are presently available for readers worldwide to savor in this first phase of digitization. Three fully-automated Zeutschel high-resolution German scanners were specially procured by the institute at a cost of Rs.15 lakh each.

    ISRO launched GSAT 7A to enhance the communication infrastructure of IAF

    20 December 2018
    The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) launched GSLV-F11 which carried communication satellite GSAT-7A. The satellite is meant to enhance the communication infrastructure of the Indian Air Force (IAF). In its Mk-II version, the GSLV with the indigenous cryogenic stage carried on board its heaviest satellite that weighed 2,250 kg, from the second launch pad of the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, SHAR, Sriharikota. It will be a major booster and force multiplier for the IAF. In network-centric warfare, such type of systems will help achieve full network centricity. From that perspective, it’s a major value addition to the IAF.

    RGUHS to procure anti plagiarism software

    19 December 2018
    The Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences (RGUHS) announced that it has decided to procure anti-plagiarism software. The move is after it stumbled upon cases of students copy pasting articles as part of their thesis. It said that all thesis and dissertations submitted by students will be checked for plagiarism. The university, however, is yet to decide on the modalities of which software will be procured, but will be seeking expert opinion on the technical specifications and will call for tender.

    Farout, the most distant solar system object ever seen

    19 December 2018
    Scientists have discovered the most-distant body ever observed in our solar system, located over 100 times farther than Earth is from the Sun. The new object has been nicknamed Farout. Earlier, 2018 VG18, the object is the first to be observed at a distance of more than 100 astronomical units from the sun. Farout is about 120 AU, or about 11 billion miles, from the sun. One AU is the distance from Earth to the sun or about 93 million miles.

    Tamil Nadu CM launched ISRO designed NaVIC to fishermen

    18 December 2018
    Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami launched the distribution of satellite phones to fishermen involved in deep sea fishing. It will assist the fishermen in their navigation while in the high seas. The satellite phones, NaVIC (Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System) receivers, has been designed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) as a bid to the fishermen. So far, ISRO has delivered 200 NaVICs to the State government.

    Telecom ministry announced that 5G services likely to be rolled out by August 2019

    18 December 2018
    Department of Telecommunication (DoT) said it expects to complete processes for 5G spectrum auction by August 2019 and the services will be rolled out by 2020. The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) recommended auction of about 8,644 MHz of telecom frequencies at an estimated total base price of Rs 4.9 lakh crore, which includes radio waves for 5G services. The roll out of 5G services in India will have an impact of USD 1 trillion on the economy.

    Scientists have developed an AI to predict risk of infection after surgery

    17 December 2018
    Scientists from the Aalto University and the University of Helsinki in Finland have developed an Artificial Intelligence (AI) tool that can successfully predict whether a patient is at risk of developing a serious, and possibly life-threatening infection after surgery. Staphylococcus epidermidis which is responsible for serious infections was combined large-scale population genomics and in vitro measurements of immunologically relevant features of these bacteria. They were then able to use machine learning to successfully predict the risk of developing a serious, and possibly life-threatening infection from the genomic features of a bacterial isolate.

    Study found Probiotics may help treat bipolar disorder

    17 December 2018
    A Study from Sheppard Pratt Health System in the US has found that Probiotics, commonly referred to as 'good bacteria', may help treat bipolar disorder and other psychiatric mood disorders. Bipolar disorder is a psychiatric condition characterized by dramatic shifts in mood from depression to mania. In bipolar disorder, the previous studies have shown that inflammation, or overstimulation of the body's immune system, is a contributing factor in the disease. With this in mind, the researchers developed a probiotic supplement aimed at reducing inflammation caused by microbial imbalances in the gut. The results indicated that changes in intestinal inflammation can alter the trajectory of psychiatric mood disorders and that modulating the intestinal microbiota may be a new avenue of treatment for patients suffering from these. Currently, the standard treatment includes a combination of psychotherapy and prescription medications.

    Google developed a new AI model to help detect diabetic retinopathy

    16 December 2018
    Google developed an Artificial Intelligence (AI) model that can detect diabetic retinopathy with a level of accuracy on par with human retinal specialists. Verily, an Alphabet-owned company is working on rolling out the diabetic retinopathy initiative in clinics in India. Using the new assistive technology, doctors and staff can screen more patients in less time, sparing people from blindness through a more timely diagnosis. While the blindness can be prevented, diabetic retinopathy often goes undetected because people do not always get screenings.

    ISRO to launch GSAT-7A Communication Satellite on December 19

    14 December 2018
    India will launch its latest communication satellite, GSAT-7A from Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota onboard the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle GSLV-F11 on December 19. The 2,250 kg GSAT-7A is the 35th Indian Communication satellite built by ISRO. GSAT-7A can be used by the Indian Air Force and the Indian Army.

    NASAs Juno mission to cross halfway to Jupiter next week

    14 December 2018
    NASA’s Juno mission is to mark the halfway point in next week in data collection by completing the 16th science pass of Jupiter. The Space agency said that by December 21, at 11:49:48 a.m. EST the spacecraft will be 5,053 kilometres above Jupiter’s cloud tops and hurtling by at a healthy clip of 207,287 kilometres per hour. NASA’s Juno spacecraft was launched on August 5, 2011, from Cape Canaveral. Juno is a NASA space probe orbiting Jupiter since July 4, 2016. Currently, Juno is in a highly-elliptical 53-day orbit around Jupiter. Each orbit includes a close passage over the planet’s cloud deck where it flies a ground track that extends from Jupiter’s north pole to its south pole. It will provide coverage of the planet every 11.25 degrees of longitude, providing a more detailed picture of what makes the whole of Jupiter tick. The depth of Jupiter’s zonal winds, the generation of its magnetic field, and the structure and evolution of its interior are areas that will be probed.

    Route Mobile Collaborates With Oracle Marketing Cloud

    13 December 2018
    Route Mobile Limited (Route Mobile), a cloud-communication platform service provider and a member of Oracle Partner Network (OPN) announced the collaboration with Oracle Marketing Cloud, part of Oracle Customer Experience (CX) Cloud Suite, which empowers organizations to take a smarter approach to customer experience management and business transformation initiatives.

    NASAs InSight spacecraft snaps its first selfie from Mars

    13 December 2018
    NASA’s InSight spacecraft has used a camera on its robotic arm to take its first selfie, a mosaic made up of 11 images. This is the same imaging process used by Curiosity rover mission, in which many overlapping pictures are taken and later stitched together. Visible in the selfie is the lander’s solar panel and its entire deck, including its science instruments. In the coming days, the scientists and engineers will be deciding where in this workspace the spacecraft's instruments should be placed. They will then command InSight's robotic arm to carefully set the seismometer, called the Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure, or SEIS, and heat-flow probe, known as the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package, or HP3, in the chosen locations. Both work best on level ground, and engineers want to avoid setting them on rocks larger than about a half-inch (1.3 cm). The Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy, and Heat Transport (InSight) mission is a robotic lander designed to study the deep interior of the planet Mars.

    Smartworks introduced Smart Mitri, a female AI robot

    11 December 2018
    Smartworks, a leading workspaces player, introduced ‘Smart Mitri’, a female AI robot, which will be Smartworks’ in-house productivity mascot. It will play an influential role in handling the overall office management for the facility, ranging from the visitor system to being a counsellor eventually. Smartworks recently launched its flagship facility in Bengaluru. It is spread over 3 lakh sq ft with 6,000 seats. This facility is the firm’s largest centre. With 20 locations across nine cities, the firm caters to more than 500 organizations across large enterprises, SMEs and startups. Some of the clients are Tata Communications, Microsoft, ArcelorMittal, Amazon, Carrier, Otis, Daikin, Lenovo, Bacardi and OLX.

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