Denmark signed Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with CGIAR to establish an international research center. The MoU was signed by Danish Health Minister Ellen Trane Norby Denmark in Seattle, in the United States, with the international network of research centers CGIAR. Denmark has planned to create an international research center. The main focus of the center is to fight against resistance to antibiotics, a scourge affecting almost half a million people worldwide.
The center aims in leading future global work on finding new solutions for the serious challenges with antimicrobial resistance that the world is facing today. The International Centre for Interdisciplinary Solutions on Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) is being financed by Denmark and private investors. It is expected to be inaugurated in 2019 and is to employ up to 500 people.
The planet for Barnard’s star – 2nd closest star system to our sun – appears to be a cold super-Earth.
The planet has been labeled Barnard's Star b (GJ 699 b).
It orbits its red star every 233 days near the snow-line, a distance where water freezes.
Barnard’s star is six light-years away from earth.
NASA officials said that it is planning to send people to Mars within 25 years. The deadly radiation from the cosmos, atrophying bones, and potential vision loss are just some of the challenges, the scientists need to overcome.
NASA, the U.S. space agency, believes it can place humans on the Red Planet within 25 years, but the technological and medical hurdles are immense. With the current rocket technology, it would take an astronaut up to nine months to reach Mars. The physical toll of floating that long in zero gravity would be huge. It is now focusing on cutting down the travel time to Mars.
NASA has a new robotic lander called InSight moving towards Mars which is due to land on November 26, 2018. The $993 million project aims to expand human knowledge of interior conditions on Mars, inform efforts to send explorers there, and reveal how rocky planets like the earth formed billions of years ago.
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully launched GSAT-29 on board its second heaviest developmental flight GSLV-MkIII D2 from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) at Sriharikota.
The communication satellite is a multiband, multi-beam communication satellite. It intends to serve as a test bed for new and critical technologies. The satellite weighs around 3,423 kg.
It is also known that the first operational mission of the vehicle GSLV-Mk III will be the Chandrayaan-II mission which is to take place in January 2019. In addition to this, the vehicle has been planned to carry a human to space three years from now.
The company put in place a global framework and will also establish tools to stop the spread of fake news related to elections.
Google brought its newly expanded Safety Centre to India. The Safety Centre, as its name suggests, is designed as a one-stop place from where you can access all the relevant resources to enhance their privacy and safety across all Google products and services.
The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) said to the Delhi High Court that identifying the unidentified body with the biometrics is technically not possible. The UIDAI submitted that matching of biometrics, including fingerprints and iris, is done on an 1:1 basis and Aadhaar number is required for it.
This is after a petition filed by social activist Amit Sahni who sought direction to the Centre and the UIDAI to utilise Aadhaar biometrics to identify unidentified bodies.
The flight would take place from the second launch pad of the Satish Dhawan Space Center at Sriharikota at five in the evening tomorrow. This would be the second development flight of the heavier launch vehicle GSLV Mark-III.
It has the capacity to lift satellites of about four-tons into a geostationary transfer orbit.
The ozone layer that shields life from cancer-causing solar rays is recovering at a rate of one to three percent per decade, reversing years of dangerous depletion caused by the release of harmful chemicals.
The Antarctic ozone hole is recovering while continuing to occur every year.
Scientists, including those of Indian origin, have created a bionic device that generates green power by 3D-printing clusters of cyanobacteria on an ordinary white button mushroom.
The researchers took an ordinary white button mushroom from a grocery store and made it bionic, supercharging it with clusters of cyanobacteria that create electricity and swirls of graphene nanoribbons that can collect the current.
Ralph - a space instrument that has travelled as far as Pluto — was first launched aboard the New Horizons spacecraft in 2006 and obtained stunning flyby images of Jupiter and its moons.
In 2021, Ralph is set to journey with the Lucy mission to Jupiter’s Trojan asteroids. The instrumet will fly by another Kuiper Belt object called 2014 MU69 — nicknamed Ultima Thule - in January 2019.
Chinese press agency Xinhua unveiled AI-based anchor that can read the news in English and Chinese, as naturally as a professional news anchor.
The system, developed with Beijing-based search engine operator Sogou, produces realistic-looking speech, lip movements and facial expressions.
Samsung has unveiled its first-ever foldable smartphone prototype, which, when opened, transforms into a small pocket-sized tablet.
Samsung calls its foldable phone technology the 'Infinity Flex Display'.
The device looks like a standard smartphone when closed. It opens like a book to reveal another 7.3-inch display, which would be one of the largest phone screens ever released.
With a lifespan of roughly 10 years, China's Tiangong space station, otherwise known as Heavenly Palace is set to become the replacement of the International Space Station, which is due to retire in 2024.
Three astronauts will be permanently stationed in the 60-tonne orbiting lab, which will enable the crew to conduct biological and microgravity research.
The International Space Station (ISS) - a collaboration between the United States, Russia, Canada, Europe and Japan - has been in operation since 1998, but is due to be retired in 2024.
China will then have the only space station in orbit, though it will be much smaller than the ISS which weighs 400 tonnes and is as large as a football pitch.
The first 5G iPhone is likely to use an Intel modem, the 8161, and it could hit the stores in 2020, according to a report in the Fast Company.
If everything goes as planned, Intel will be the sole provider of iPhone modems.
To increase transistor density for more speed and efficiency, Intel is likely to fabricate the 8161 using its 10-nanometre process.
GSAT-11, the heaviest Indian communication satellite built to date is back at the Guiana Space Centre for an early December launch. The satellite is for faster Internet connectivity. It returns to the South American port for the second time in six months after it was taken back to Bengaluru in April for inspections.
K. Sivan, Chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and Secretary, Department of Space said that the 5,700 kg spacecraft was shipped out of Bengaluru and has reached the European launch port.
GSAT-11 is built to provide superior communication and 12 GBPS connectivity with its multiple spot beams in Ka and Ku bands.
The study carried out at the National Centre of Biological Sciences (NCBS), Bengaluru said that The domestication of rice can be tracked to the loss of a small RNA molecule (miR397). This can be used to improve crops.
Indica rice, a subspecies of Oryza sativa, is domesticated from two wild species Oryza nivara and Oryza rufipogon. Studies found that the genomes did not show variation proportional to the changes in the phenotype. Researchers failed to identify genes responsible for the changes observed in domesticated Indica rice as compared to its wild relatives. The answer lay in regulatory molecules known as the small RNAs.
The world's largest neuromorphic supercomputer SpiNNaker (‘Spiking Neural Network Architecture’ machine), which was designed and built to work like a human brain, has been switched on for the first time.
Made up of one million processors, SpiNNaker can complete over 200 million-million actions per second.
The supercomputer will help scientists better understand how neurological diseases like Parkinson's impact the brain.
The Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI) formed a new industry expert committee to develop and promote an augmented reality/virtual reality (AR/VR) ecosystem in India.
The committee is chaired by Namrita Mahindra, Senior General Manager, digital transformation, Mahindra Group and co-chaired by Satyajeet Singh, Head –Strategic Product Partnership, India and South Asia, Facebook.
NASA, the U.S space agency, said that its pioneering Dawn spacecraft ran out of fuel, ending an 11-year mission that unravelled many mysteries of our solar system. The Dawn spacecraft orbited the two largest objects in the asteroid belt. The mission was launched in 2007.
The $467 million Dawn mission was initiated to study the protoplanet Vesta and the dwarf planet Ceres, missed scheduled communications sessions with NASA’s Deep Space Network on October 31 and November 1. The mission managers concluded that the spacecraft finally ran out of hydrazine. It was an expected end to the mission, although the spacecraft lasted two years longer than originally planned.
Researchers from the U.S. Department of Agriculture compounds derived from coconut oil are better than diethyltoluamide (DEET) at preventing disease transmission and discomfort associated with insect bites. DEET has been considered the gold standard in insect repellents, the most effective and long-lasting available commercially, for more than 60 years.
However, increasing regulations and growing public health concerns about synthetic repellents and insecticides like DEET have sparked interest in developing plant-based repellents that are more effective and longer lasting. The coconut oil-derived free fatty acid mixture, lauric acid, capric acid and caprylic acid as well as their corresponding methyl esters, provides strong repellency against blood-sucking insects.
R. Madhavan, Chairman and Managing Director of Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd., said that HAL plans to manufacture Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) fighters at a new unit in its Nashik complex after completing the deliveries of Sukhoi-30. The licence production of the last 24 Sukhoi-30 MkIs is due to end there in March 2020.
Currently, the Sukhoi-30 are manufactured in the Nashik’s MiG Complex and the two units in Bengaluru produce LCAs. In the last two years, HAL has been investing around Rs.1,300 crore to increase the production rate of LCA. A part of this amount would be used to put up the third LCA unit in Nashik.
The trade union coordination committee of autorickshaw drivers of Ernakulam district signed an agreement with Technovia Solutions Pvt. Ltd., a firm for the management of e-auto feeder service of the Koch metro. It will be valid for three months. The agreement may be subsequently renewed on mutual agreement.
According to the agreement, the firm will assist in the management of e-autos and ensure that the vehicles are available at metro stations. It will also help in the distribution of vehicles, trip scheduling, supervision of services, daily cash management, upkeep of trip logs, and statistical analysis. It also provides autosavari.com, a web portal of the coordination committee that facilitates the membership registration of auto drivers.
The 'Shakti' family of processors was fabricated at ISRO's Chandigarh semi-conductor laboratory, making it the first 'RISC V Microprocessor' to be completely designed and made in India.
Shakti microprocessor can be used in mobile computing devices, embedded low power wireless systems and networking systems.
‘Shakti’ will reduce dependency on imported microchips and the risk of cyber attacks.
The U.S. space agency announced NASA’s Parker Solar Probe, mankind’s first mission to ‘touch’ the sun, has set a new record for closest approach to the sun by a human-made object, Parker Solar Probe. The probe launched on August 12, is on an unprecedented seven-year-long journey to unlock the mysteries of the sun’s fiery outer atmosphere and its effects on space weather.
The spacecraft passed the current record of 42.73 million km from the sun’s surface on October 29 as calculated by the Parker Solar Probe team.
Cipla, a major drug firm, received final approval from the United Nations Food and Drug Administration (USFDA), the U.S. health regulator to market Metoprolol tablets. The drug is used to treat hypertension and various cardiac conditions. The strengths of the drug are 50mg, 100mg and 200mg.
A privately developed Chinese carrier rocket failed to reach orbit after lifting off from Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, Mongolia. Beijing-based Landscape developed Zhuque-1, a three-stage rocket. It is said that the first and second stage of ZQ-1 rocket worked normally. But an error occurred after the second stage. Zhuque-1 carried a satellite named “Future” which was built for state media China Central Television.
The landscape is the first private licensed company in China to launch carrier rockets.
Indira Gandhi International (IGI) Airport, Delhi, India is set to commence commercial use of semi-robotic tow trucks. The Taxibots are launched by TaxiBot India. It will be the first airport in the country to use such TaxiBots. It aimed to help airlines reduce the use of air turbine fuel during taxiing. A live test will be carried out by SpiceJet and Jet Airways. Upon successful testing, the aviation regulator Directorate General of Civil Aviation, India (DGCA) will grant approval for their further use.
The advanced tow trucks will be used for narrow-body planes of the two airlines and will initially be deployed only for flights departing from IGI. TaxiBot India is also in talks with Mumbai and Bengaluru airports for introducing Taxibots.
Russia has successfully launched a Soyuz-2.1B rocket for the first time since the failure of a similar rocket aborted a manned take-off to the International Space Station (ISS).
India installed 4.9 GW of solar power, consolidating its position as the second largest solar market in the world, during the first half of the calendar year 2018 according to a report by Mercom Communications India.
According to the report, China topped the list.
Indian telecom industry will roll out one million Wi-Fi hotspots in the country by December 2019.
The Indian Mobile Congress 2018,‘Bharat Wi-Fi’ would be a country-wide common inter-operable platform for these million hotspots which would be owned and operated by telecom service providers, Internet service providers, and virtual network operators.
Google sent an email to company employees admitting Google fired 48 people, including management, for sexual harassment in the last two years.
The company updated its policy to ensure vice presidents and senior vice presidents "disclose any relationship with a co-worker regardless of reporting line or presence of conflict."
The Information Commissioner Office (ICO) found that between 2007 and 2014, Facebook processed the personal information of users unfairly by giving app developers access to their information without informed consent.
The scandal took place after new EU data protection rules went into effect this year, the amount could have gone up to £17 million or 4% of global turnover whichever is higher.
MIT scientists have developed a method to mass produce robots no bigger than a cell that could be used to monitor conditions inside an oil or gas pipeline, or to search out disease while floating through the bloodstream.
The key to making such tiny devices, which the team calls “syncells” (short for synthetic cells), in large quantities lies in controlling the natural fracturing process of atomically-thin, brittle materials.
The process, called “autoperforation”, directs the fracture lines so that they produce minuscule pockets of a predictable size and shape.
The Centre, the Ministry of Human Resource Development, launched two schemes, Impactful Policy Research in Social Sciences (IMPRESS) and Scheme for Promotion of Academic and Research Collaboration (SPARC). The aim is to promote higher education research in India.
IMPRESS deals with social science research projects and coordinated by the Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR)
SPARC involves the foreign collaboration mainly in science research, coordinated by IIT Kharagpur.
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has arrived in China. His visit is expected to trigger significant collaboration between Tokyo and Beijing in developing infrastructure in Asia.
He was received by his Chinese counterpart Li Keqiang, at the Great Hall of the People. The function was held to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the China-Japan treaty of friendship.
The leaders, Dr.Abe with Chinese President Xi Jinping and Prime Minister Li, are expected to discuss areas of convergence between China’s Belt and Road Initiative and Japan’s concept of a free and open Indo-Pacific. They are also expected to discuss joint development of infrastructure in Asia and Africa.
Tamil Nadu now has 125 ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay) testing centres for diagnosing dengue in government medical college hospitals and district and sub-district hospitals. Earlier there were 31 centres. Health Minister C.Vijaya Baskar said that the rain in Tamil Nadu, there was a slight increase in fever cases in the State.
Rapid Response Teams were formed at the taluk level in every district. If more than three persons reported with fever in any area, these teams would identify the cause for fever and take preventive measures. Special fever camps would also be held.
The Minister flagged off 82 mobile medical teams and rapid response teams and held an awareness meeting with members of Indian Medical Association, Indian Academy of Paediatrics, owners of hotels, theatres, traders, heads of schools and colleges and Chennai Corporation officers on preventive measures for dengue and H1N1 influenza.
Researchers at the Australian National University found that the inner core of the earth is not only solid but softer than previously thought. It is expected that this study could improve the understanding of how the planet was formed.
They came up with a way to detect shear waves or J waves in the inner core, a type of wave which can only travel through solid objects. The inner core shares some similar elastic properties with gold and platinum.
Tea Board of India is planning to launch an app aimed at guiding small growers, whose share in total tea production is increasing. The proposed name of the app is Chai Sahay (tea help). The main objective is to establish better two-way communication, that is, between the manufacturer and customers.
The regulatory authority has invited bids for the design, development and maintenance of the android-based mobile app. With the proliferation of smartphones, Tea Board is keen to develop a mobile application for better monitoring of activities.
Pöyry, a Finnish firm, and Infosys announced the release of a new data-driven framework for Artificial Intelligence (AI). This technique overcomes complex and expensive lifecycle management challenges faced by industry, utilities and infrastructure organisations across operational technology systems.
Krti 4.0 Artificial Intelligence Framework for Operation Excellence applies AI, cognitive/machine learning and machine-to-machine capabilities in an industrial environment. Krti 4.0’s open and intuitive machine-to-machine interface provides for seamlessly connecting with different operational technology systems for collecting data.
NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope completes 10 years of operations. To celebrate this, the NASA scientists have devised a new set of 21 modern gamma-ray constellations. The constellations were named them after fictional characters such as the Hulk and Godzilla. They were constructed with sources visible through its gamma-ray telescope.
The new constellations include a few characters from modern myths. Among them are the Little Prince, the time-warping TARDIS from ‘Doctor Who,’ Godzilla and his heat ray, the antimatter-powered U.S.S. Enterprise from ‘Star Trek: The Original Series’ and the Hulk, the product of a gamma-ray experiment gone awry.
The Special Centre for Disaster Research (SCDR) at Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) is to sign a pact with Skymet Weather Services Pvt. Limited. The aim is to help the centre obtain weather data for undertaking cutting-edge research in the field of hydro-meteorological disasters risk mitigation.
The SCDR said that the Skymet will establish an Automatic Weather Station and environmental monitoring station on campus and provide advisory support for weather and climate-related research. SCDR would validate the data generated by Skymet with valuable advisories so that the highest level of precision is achieved by Skymet in weather forecasting, early warning and environmental monitoring.
Indian researchers developed a gel which, when applied on the skin, can inhibit some pesticides from getting absorbed into the body. It thus averts serious adverse effects and even death.
Organophosphate-based pesticides, which are commonly used by farmers in India, are toxic to the nervous system and heart and can cause cognitive dysfunction.
When esters present in organophosphate-based pesticides enter the body they bind and inhibit acetylcholinesterase or AChE enzyme critical for nerve and muscle function. This causes neurological disorders, suffocation, paralysis, and even death.
The two Tamil Nadu Government hospitals, the Institute of Child Health (ICH) and Hospital for Children, Egmore, and Rajiv Gandhi Government General Hospital (RGGGH), are to establish seamless laboratories comprising pneumatic tube systems and automated processing of samples. This is to avoid the troubles caused during the manual transportation of clinical samples from wards to laboratories.
Earlier this year, the State government had sent teams from the two hospitals on a visit to a few health facilities in Singapore. They studied the seamless laboratories established at the facilities. A prototype of the pneumatic system is getting installed at ICH and will be launched on November 14, on the occasion of its golden jubilee celebrations.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Space Apps challenge 2018 Hackathon has been organised at Dayananda Sagar University (DSU), Kudlu Gate campus, on Hosur Road. It is a two-day event.
DSU has invited entries from school and college students. Coders, scientists, designers, storytellers, makers, builders, and technologists will address challenges faced on earth and in space.
Top 20 teams would be invited to set up their enterprises based on the ideas presented at the competitions at the Bengaluru event; transforming them into commercial solutions at the DSU Start-up Village and the Atal Innovation Centre (AIC) on the DSU campus.
Scientists using NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope found that violent flares from the host star may make planets orbiting it uninhabitable by affecting their atmospheres.
Habitable Zones and M dwarf Activity across Time (HAZMAT) is a program in which Hubble observes stars that spreads violent flares. The goal of the HAZMAT programme is to help understand the habitability of planets around low-mass stars.
The flares are believed to be powered by intense magnetic fields that get tangled by the roiling motions of the stellar atmosphere. Young red dwarfs are active stars, producing UltraViolet (UV) flares that blast out so much energy that they could influence atmospheric chemistry and possibly strip off the atmospheres of these fledgling planets. Scientists say that flares from young stars have the potential to strip away the atmosphere from a planet.
The Cellular Operators Association of India (COAI) said that if any mobile service customers want to get their Aadhaar details removed from the records of telecom operators, they need to provide alternative verification documents including passport, PAN card, Driving License, Voter ID etc.
COAI as also directed by the Department of Telecom said that the services will not be disconnected during the change in the documentation process. COAI mentioned that the Supreme Court in its judgement in Aadhaar case has nowhere directed that the mobile number which has been issued through Aadhaar e-KYC has to be disconnected.
Cellular Operators Association of India (COAI):
♦ Headquarters:New Delhi, India
♦ Chairman: Sunil Sood
♦ Vice Chairman : Ajai Puri
♦ Director General: Rajan S. Mathews
♦ COAI is an industry association of mobile service providers, telecom equipment, internet and broadband services providers in India
♦ It is a registered, non-governmental society
BSNL and Nokia are demonstrating the ability to leverage automation across industries, showing how it can be replicated in other sectors such as automobile, oil and gas, mining, public safety, and disaster management.
Nokia factory will now leverage Industry 4.0 solutions such as Augmented and Virtual Reality (AR/VR), connected Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, Big Data Analytics, and the Internet of Things to enhance operations and increase productivity.
Nokia Industry 4.0 relies on low-latency, high-reliability networks as well as capabilities in robotics and artificial intelligence to drive new levels of automation and data exchange in manufacturing industries, resulting in improved operational efficiency and reduced costs.
Kamal Haasan, Makkal Needhi Maiam (MNM) founder, launched a safety app named ‘Raudram’. The app aimed at ensuring the safety of women in the city. The launch function held at Sri Sairam Engineering College. One can store three contact numbers upon registration in the app.
If the person feels any trouble, she should press the power button thrice within a minute. Once this is done, the emergency contacts, the call centre and the nearby police station will receive an instant alert. The alerts are generated via the mobile net as well as SMS. The app also enables the recording of audio and video footage of the situation and sends it. GPS tracking of the location is part of the comprehensive safety features that the app offers.
NASA’s Chandra X-ray telescope that suffered technical glitch is back online. Due to the glitch occurred in one of Chandra’s gyroscopes it went into safe mode. Chandra X-ray telescope observes galaxies from the Earth’s orbit.
The team analyzed and completed plans to switch gyroscopes and place the gyroscope that experienced the glitch in reserve. Once configured with a series of pre-tested flight software patches, the team will return Chandra to science operations which are expected to commence by the end of this week.
Alembic Pharmaceuticals received a tentative approval from the United States Food and Drug Administration (USFDA), the U.S. health regulator for its Alogliptin tablets. The drug is used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
The Alogliptin tablets are made in the strengths of 6.25 mg, 12.5 mg and 25mg. The product is a generic version of Takeda Pharms USA’s Nesina tablets.