Science & Technology Current Affairs 2019 - Current Affairs Today

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  • Scientists found evidence of water on asteroid Bennu

    7 hours ago
    Scientists have discovered evidence of abundant water-bearing minerals on the surface of the near-earth asteroid Bennu. Data from NASA’s OSIRIS-REx spacecraft that is currently orbiting the asteroid confirm the presence of aqueously altered, hydrated minerals on its surface. Scientists say similar objects may have seeded the earth with water and organic materials.

    Social Media platforms to prevent violation of Code of Ethics during polls

    7 hours ago
    Social Media platforms and internet mobile Association of India (IAMAI) have adopted a Voluntary Code of Ethics for the forthcoming general elections. According to the code submitted to the election Committee, IAMAI and Social Media platforms, including Facebook, WhatsApp, Twitter and Google, will create a high priority dedicated reporting mechanism and appoint dedicated teams during the polls for taking expeditious action on any reported violations. No political campaign will be allowed to run on major social media platforms in the last 48 hours before polling ends. It has also been agreed to provide a mechanism for political advertisers to submit pre-certified advertisements issued by the Media Certification and Monitoring Committee.  The code also promises to facilitate transparency in paid political advertisements. The social media companies will take action on content reported by the nodal officer, expeditiously, in accordance with the law. IAMAI will act as the liaison between social media firms and the poll panel. Our correspondent reports that the code, which comes into operation with immediate effect, has been developed to ensure free, fair and ethical use of social media platforms to maintain the integrity of the electoral process.  

    SAIL launched Smart Garbage Bins

    8 hours ago
    Steel Authority of India Ltd (SAIL) has launched smart garbage bins made of stainless steel which integrates technology for smart waste management. Smart Garbage Bins The IOT (Internet of Things) enabled Gazelle sensors Smart Garbage Bins will send signals to the garbage collection vehicle about the 'fill-up' position of the bin. This provides for better cleaning and lower human intervention. These Smart Garbage Bins made up of SAIL SALEM stainless steel will be installed in underground Reinforced Cement Concrete (RCC) pits at the Smart Garbage Station. This will help prevent the spread of stink and diseases. There will be separate bins for recyclable and non-recyclable wastes.  Initially, these Smart Garbage Bins will be placed at one each at Kamala Nagar in North and BhikajiCama Place in South Delhi.

    Google unveiled video game streaming service Stadia

    9 hours ago
    Google unveiled its on-demand video-game streaming service Stadia, built for Chrome, Android and TVs, at the 2019 Game Developers Conference in San Francisco, California. Stadia's 'Crowd Play' feature will let people, watching a YouTube live stream, to actually join the streamer's game. The service will initially be launched this year in the US, Canada, the UK and Europe..

    IIPHG to launch Conquer Exam, Be a Warrior app

    1 day ago
    Indian Institute of Public Health Gandhinagar, Gujarat, (IIPHG) joined hands with National Mental Health Program, Department of Health and Family Welfare, Government of Gujarat for developing a mobile application called as ‘Conquer Exam, Be a Warrior’ to reduce the exam pressure for the student. This application creates awareness as well as help students to analyze their weak point and overcome from the exam pressure by providing assistance. About Gujarat: ♦ Capital: Gandhinagar ♦ Chief Minister: Vijay Rupani ♦ Governor: Om Prakash Kohli ♦ National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuary: Gir National Park, Vansda National Park, Blackbuck National Park, Jambughoda Wildlife Sanctuary.
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    Astronomers discover 83 supermassive black holes 13 billion light-years away from Earth

    2 days ago
    Astronomers have discovered 83 quasars powered by supermassive black holes 13 billion light-years away from the Earth, from a time when the universe was less than 10 per cent of its present age. A professor at Princeton University in the US, Michael Strauss said, it is remarkable that such massive dense objects were able to form so soon after the Big Bang. A statement that the understanding of how black holes can form in the early universe, and just how common they are, is a challenge for the cosmological models. This finding, published in the Astrophysical Journal, increases the number of black holes known at that epoch considerably, and reveals, for the first time, how common they are early in the universe's history. In addition, it provides new insight into the effect of black holes on the physical state of gas in the early universe in its first billion years. The Supermassive black holes, found at the centres of galaxies can be millions or even billions of times more massive than the Sun. A supermassive black hole becomes visible when gas accretes onto it, causing it to shine as a quasar.

    Microsoft Launched Project Sangam To Boost Indias Swachh Bharat Mission

    2 days ago
    Microsoft announced that it has partnered with The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) to promote its Project ‘Sangam’ which is developed to accelerate Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) in India. It is one of the world’s largest Cleanliness Programme. About Microsoft Industry: Computer software Headquarters: Hyderabad, India Key people: Bhaskar Pramanik (Chairman)

    Soyuz successfully placed astronauts in ISS

    2 days ago
    Russian Soyuz spacecraft carrying NASA Astronaut Nick Hague and Christina Koch, and Cosmonaut Alexey Ovchinin successfully docked International Space Station (ISS).  Soyuz Spacecraft is a Russian Spacecraft carries people and supplies to and from the space station. Soyuz Spacecraft also function as lifeboats and one Soyuz spacecraft is always docked to the space station, so that in case of emergency the crew can return to earth through the spacecraft. After the retirement of the space shuttle in 2011, the Soyuz spacecraft has become the sole means of transportation for crew members going to or returning from the orbiting laboratory.  The International Space Station is a habitable artificial satellite in low Earth orbit. The ISS programme is a joint project between five participating space agencies: NASA (United States), Roscosmos (Russia), JAXA (Japan), ESA (Europe), and CSA (Canada). The ISS serves as a microgravity and space environment research laboratory.

    Students of IIT Kharagpur developed app to detect Fake Notes

    16 March 2019
    The Students from IIT- Kharagpur has devised a code for a Smartphone application to address the problem of detecting fake Indian currency. Detecting Fake Currency Students of IIT- Kharagpur has developed an image processing application which can detect counterfeit currency.  A user can upload a currency note image and the mobile app would verify its authenticity using 25 features extracted from the front and rear side of the currency note. If the app finds the discrepancies with the features it reports about the failure checkpoints.  Smart India Hackathon 2019 organised by Ministry of Human Resource and Development in association with AICTE, i4c and Persistent Systems. It provides an unique Open Innovation Model for identifying new and disruptive technology innovations to solve the challenges faced in the country.

    IIT Kharagpur signed MoU with C DAC for National Supercomputing Mission

    16 March 2019
    IIT Kharagpur has signed an MoU with Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) to set up a 1.3 Petaflop high-performance computing facility and data centre funded under the National Supercomputing Mission. The new supercomputing system would be used for specific challenge domains like cryptography, chemistry, molecular dynamics, drug discovery, artificial intelligence and data sciences where the new system would be utilized.  National Supercomputing Mission was initiated in 2015 is being implemented and steered jointly by the Department of Science and Technology (DST) and Department of Electronics and Information Technology (Deity) at an estimated cost of Rs.4500 crore over a period of seven years. The Mission envisages empowering India's national academic and R&D institutions spread by installing a vast supercomputing grid comprising of more than 70 high-performance computing facilities.

    DRDO successfully test fired Man Portable Anti-tank Guided Missile

    15 March 2019
    Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully test-fired Man Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM) in the desert ranges of Rajasthan. The MPATGM is a third-generation anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) comes loaded with a high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead. It has a maximum engagement range of about 2.5 kilometers. The indigenously developed missile has features like a state-of-the-art imaging infrared radar seeker with integrated avionics.

    ECI to launch Observer App

    15 March 2019
    The Election Commission of India (ECI) is to launch the Observer App, a mobile application, that will help poll observers to submit reports. The poll observers will get all the important notifications and alerts through the ‘Observer App’. It will also help them get their deployment status and download the ID card. As the observers will be involved in real-time disposal of cases of violation of the Model Code of Conduct and expenditure received through another mobile application ‘cVIGIL’, those details will also be available on the ‘Observer App’. Election Commission of India (ECI): ♦ Formed: 25 January 1950 ♦ Headquarters: New Delhi, India ♦ Chief Election Commissioner of India: Sunil Arora ♦ Election Commissioners of India: Ashok Lavasa , Sushil Chandra ♦ It administers elections to the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha and state Legislative Assemblies and Legislative Council in India

    NASA to send women to Mars

    14 March 2019
    NASA, the US Space agency, said that the first person to set foot on Mars is likely to be a woman. It said that women are at the forefront of the U.S. space agency’s upcoming plans.  NASA recently announced that it will have its first all-female spacewalk at the end of the month when astronauts Anne McClain and Christina Koch will get to float around in space. NASA has the first all-female spacewalk at the end of March, which is, of course, National Women’s Month. So NASA is committed to making sure that it has a diverse set of talent. It is also looking forward to the first woman on the Moon.

    Japan plans to stun the world in 2020 Olympics

    14 March 2019
    Driverless cars, robot volunteers and ultra high-definition TV: Japan Inc. plans to use the Tokyo 2020 Olympics to show the world it has regained its touch for innovation and technology.  The last time Japan hosted the summer games, Tokyo 1964, it stunned the visitors with its shinkansen, the sleek high-speed bullet train that has since become a byword for cool and efficient transport.  The country used the games as a springboard to dominate the tech world. From Sharp's LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) screens to the Sony Walkman, Japan enjoyed an unparalleled reputation in the vanguard of technological innovation. Japan’s vision for the 2020 Games includes an aspiration to make them the most innovative in history.

    New population of Ultraviolet Stars Identified in the NGC 2808 Globular Cluster

    13 March 2019
    Astronomers from Thiruvananthapuram and Mumbai have identified a new population of ultraviolet stars in the globular cluster NGC 2808 using the Indian multi-wavelength space observatory AstroSat, launched in September 2015. AstroSat: AstroSat is India's dedicated multi-wavelength space observatory which endeavours for a more detailed understanding of our universe. ASTROSAT observes the universe in the optical, Ultraviolet, low and high energy X-ray regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. NGC 2808: Globular clusters are collections of thousands to millions of stars, moving as one unit. NGC 2808 is one of the massive globular clusters and is located at a distance of 47,000 light years.

    Google celebrated 30 years of World Wide Web with doodle

    13 March 2019
    Google on March 12 celebrated 30 years of the World Wide Web (WWW) with a doodle. On March 12, 1989, British scientist Sir Tim Berners-Lee while working at European Organisation for Nuclear Research in Switzerland, CERN, submitted a proposal for an information sharing system that would become the WWW. On April 30, 1993, CERN put WWW software in the public domain. Its popularity started spreading from November with the launch of Mosaic, the first search engine to accept pictures. That revolutionised the web, making it user friendly. Mosaic was later replaced by the likes of Internet Explorer, Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox.

    Facebook launched Facebook Hubs to aid start ups

    13 March 2019
    Facebook launched ‘Facebook Hubs’ at 20 locations in India to support the start-up ecosystem in the country. These hubs will help foster innovation and support for the community by hosting mentor hours and trainings, workshops, roundtable discussions. The company has partnered with co-working company 91springboard. These hubs will be part of a global network for training and mentoring facilities for start-ups, among others.

    Indias first LGBTQ Clinic and HIV treatment centre inaugurated by Humsafar Trust in Mumbai

    13 March 2019
    The first HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) treatment centre and holistic clinic for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ) by Humsafar trust in Mumbai, Maharashtra. The founder of Humsafar Trust, Ashok Row Kavi announced that the center will be open for all and it will give provide counselling.

    NASAs LRO spotted water molecules moving around the dayside of moon

    11 March 2019
    NASA Scientists have observed water molecules moving around the dayside of the moon using NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO). It is an advance that could help us learn about the accessibility of water that can be used by humans in future missions.  Measurements from the Lyman Alpha Mapping Project (LAMP) instrument aboard the LRO of the sparse layer of molecules temporarily stuck to the surface helped characterize lunar hydration changes over the course of a day.  Lunar water can potentially be used by humans to make fuel or to use for radiation shielding or thermal management. Water molecules remain tightly bound to the regolith until surface temperatures peak near lunar noon.

    Google launches 'Bolo' app to help children read in Hindi, English

    10 March 2019
    Google has launched a new app called Bolo, which aims to help students with their reading and comprehension skills and will help them read out aloud in English and in Hindi. The app features an animated character 'Diya', who encourages children to read stories aloud and helps if the child is unable to pronounce a word. Bolo will also be a free app and relies on Google’s speech recognition and text-to-speech technology.

    HIV remission achieved via stem cell transplantation

    10 March 2019
    In a significant development, a person with HIV infection has been reported to be experiencing remission for the last 18 months after antiretroviral therapy (ART) was stopped following stem-cell transplantation in London. Remission is when HIV RNA (ribonucleic acid) is undetectable in blood. ART is used for treating HIV.  The person with HIV was diagnosed with advanced Hodgkin’s lymphoma, a form of cancer, in 2012. To treat cancer, stem cells which give rise to blood cells were transplanted from a donor who had two mutant copies of a co-receptor for HIV infection. This exercise was carried out in London.  The co-receptor (CCR5) is used by the HIV virus to gain entry into host cells in humans. But a mutant does not allow the virus to enter the host cells and hence makes the person resistant to HIV infection.

    India offers worlds cheapest mobile data packs: UK Report

    8 March 2019
    While India (USD 0.26) topped the scale of cheap mobile data, Kyrgyzstan (USD 0.27), Kazakstan (USD 0.49), Ukraine (USD 0.51) and Rwanda (USD 0.56) completed the top five countries offering the cheapest data packs. Price comparison site Cable.co.uk found that 1 gigabyte (GB) of data cost USD 0.26 in India, compared to USD 6.66 in the UK. The US had one of the most expensive rates, with an average cost of USD 12.37 for the same amount of data. The cheapest mobile data in Western Europe was found in Finland with an average price of USD 1.16 for 1GB of data. In Eastern Europe, Poland is the cheapest at USD 1.32 per GB, followed by Romania (USD 1.89) and Slovenia (USD 2.21).

    Toyota and JAXA partners on a planned mission to the moon

    7 March 2019
    Toyota to join hands with Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), Japan’s space agency, on a planned mission to the moon, with the Japanese auto giant expected to develop a lunar rover. It will be the car manufacturer’s first full-fledged entry into space exploration after the company jointly developed a robot sent to the International Space Station.  Toyota is expected to jointly develop a mobility method to be used on the lunar surface for the mission. So far, only Russia, the United States, and China have made the 3,84,000 km journey and landed spacecraft on the moon. Last month, Israel launched a spacecraft that aims to join them. In 2017, Japan revealed plans to put an astronaut on the Moon around 2030. Before humans set foot on the lunar surface again, NASA aims to land an unmanned vehicle on the moon by 2024.

    ISRO and CNES signed to set up a joint maritime surveillance system

    7 March 2019
    National space agency ISRO and French space agency CNES signed an agreement to set up a joint maritime surveillance system in the country in May. K.Sivan, Chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation, and Jean-Yves Le Gall, President of CNES of France, signed the agreement in Bengaluru. The two nations will explore putting up a constellation of low-Earth orbiting satellites that will identify and track the movement of ships globally, and in particular, those moving in the Indian Ocean region where France has its Reunion Islands. The CNES-ISRO agreement intends to supply an operational system for detecting, identifying and tracking ships in the Indian Ocean. It provides for a maritime surveillance centre to be set up in India in May this year; sharing of capacity to process existing satellite data and joint development of associated algorithms. The two agencies have put up two climate and ocean weather monitoring satellites Megha-Tropiques (of 2011) and SARAL-AltiKa (2013) that are considered a model.

    Geological Survey of India sets up 22 GPS stations across country

    6 March 2019
    The Geological Survey of India (GSI) launched 22 permanent global positioning system (GPS) stations across India to identify seismically hazardous zones and encourage mapping activities. The 22 GPS-Geodetic (pertaining to Geodesy, the science of earth measurement) observatories are located in Kolkata, Thiruvananthapuram, Jaipur, Pune, Dehradun, Chennai, Jabalpur, Bhubaneswar, Patna, Raipur, Bhopal, Chandigarh, Gandhinagar Vishakhapatnam, Agartala, Itanagar, Mangan, Jammu, Lucknow, Nagpur, Shillong and Little Andaman. Another 13 GPS permanent stations will be operational by March 2020. The organisation has launched a platform called "Bhuvisamvad" under the Ministry of Mines to facilitate interaction between geo-scientists and university and college students.

    ISRO launches 'Yuva Vigyani Karyakram' for school children

    5 March 2019
    Indian Space Research Organisation launched “Yuva VIgyani Karyakram”, a “Young Scientist Programme” for the School Children to be studying in the ninth standard. ISRO Scientists will impart basic knowledge on Space Technology, Space Science and Space Applications to the young ones with the intent of arousing their interest in the emerging areas of Space activities.  “Catch them young” residential training programme will be of around two weeks duration during summer holidays with a proposal to select 3 students from each State and Union Territory, covering CBSE, ICSE and State syllabus.  Government asked scientific institutions in the country to mentor young minds in the area of basic science.  It has launched the YUVA programme.  It has approached the Chief Secretaries of the respective States and Administrators of Union Territories in India to arrange for the selection of three students and communicate the list to ISRO.

    SpaceX successfully launcheda new astronaut capsule to ISS

    4 March 2019
    SpaceX successfully launched a new astronaut capsule on a week-long round trip to the International Space Station (ISS). It is a key step towards resuming manned space flights from U.S. soil after an eight-year break. The new capsule blasted off aboard the Falcon 9 rocket built by SpaceX from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, lighting up the coastline.  In this trip, the only occupant on board SpaceX’s Crew Dragon capsule was a dummy named Ripley. But NASA plans to put two astronauts aboard in July, although that date could be delayed.

    NASA created a deep ocean conditions in lab to study origins of life

    4 March 2019
    Scientists from NASA, the U.S. space agency, have reproduced deep ocean conditions in the lab to re-create a life that could have formed on the sea floor four billion years ago.  The study focuses on how the building blocks of life form in hydrothermal vents on the ocean floor. It could offer clues to how life started on Earth. Hydrothermal vents are places on the seafloor where warm water from under the Earth’s crust mixes with near-freezing seawater. These vents form natural chimneys, which play host to all kinds of ocean life.  The team at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in California made their own miniature sea floors by filling beakers with mixtures that mimic Earth’s primordial ocean.

    IIT (BHU) scientist discovered tadpole-like jets on Sun

    3 March 2019
    Scientists led by IIT (BHU) researcher Abhishek Srivastava have discovered tadpole-shaped jets coming out of regions with intense magnetic fields on the Sun. Formally called pseudo-shocks, the "tadpoles" are made entirely of plasma, which accounts for an estimated 99% of the observable universe. It could help understand why corona (Sun's upper atmosphere) is over 200 times hotter than its surface.

    IRCTC launched its own digital payment gateway 'IRCTC iPay'

    2 March 2019
    With a view to promote Government’s Digital India initiative,  the Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) has launched its much awaited own payment aggregator system called "IRCTC iPay”. The new system will provide payment options like Credit Card, Debit card, Unified Payment Interface (UPI) and International card.

    Tamil Nadu is the first State in the country to introduce TAVI

    1 March 2019
    Tamil Nadu is the first State in the country to introduce Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) in the government sector. The TAVI was launched at the Tamil Nadu Government Multi Super Speciality Hospital (TNGMSSH), Omandurar Estate, in November 2018.  Tamil Nadu State government entered into a Memorandum of Understanding with HeartTeam India to perform the procedure for patients at the TNGMSSH. The procedure costs Rs.20 lakh to Rs.25 lakh in the private sector, while it is done free in the government sector. Conventionally, open heart surgery is performed for replacing the aortic valve for treating aortic stenosis. But not all patients such as the elderly are fit to undergo open heart surgery. This is where TAVI helps as in this procedure the valve is replaced through a keyhole procedure from the groin.

    First Indian made Centaur rocket was successfully launched at Thumb, Kerala

    28 February 2019
    The first Indian-made Centaur rocket was successfully launched from the Thumba equatorial rocket station, Kerala on 26th February 2019 to the great jubilation of a large number of scientists.  Dr.Vikram Sarabhai, Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission and Indian National Committee for Space Research, described that the flight of the two-stage sounding rocket as very satisfactory. It was a hailed as a momentous event. India is now on the path to long-range development of superior rockets, which will take us to the goal of satellite launching in five years.

    ISRO to launch defence satellite 'Emisat' in March for DRDO

    28 February 2019
    In the special mission, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will also launch 28 third-party satellites and will demonstrate its new technologies like three different orbits with a new variant of 'Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle' (PSLV) rocket in March, 2019. Electronic intelligence satellite 'Emisat' of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) weighs about 420 kg. After launching Emisat at an altitude of 763 km, the PSLV rocket will be brought down to put the remaining 28 satellites into orbit at an altitude of 504 km. About ISRO: ♦ Space agency of the Government of India ♦ Headquarters: Bengaluru ♦ Founder: Vikram Sarabhai ♦ Founded: 15 August 1969 ♦ Director: Kailasavadivoo Sivan

    World's fastest 1TB microSD card revealed at MWC

    27 February 2019
    Two 1 terabyte microSD cards were revealed by companies Western Digital-owned SanDisk and Micron during Mobile World Congress (MWC) in Barcelona. The 1TB SanDisk Extreme UHS-I microSD card, which the company claims to be the world's fastest, reaches speeds of up to 160 Mbps. While Micron's card, claimed to be the world's first, reaches speeds of up to 100 Mbps.

    ECI developed cVIGIL for Lok Sabha election

    25 February 2019
    Election Commission of India has developed cVIGIL, a mobile app, for the upcoming Lok Sabha election. ‘cVIGIL’ stands for 'Vigilant Citizen’. It was launched in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. Complaints regarding the model code of conduct and expenditure violations can be lodged in during election time.  To lodge a complaint, a voter should download the app from Google Play Store. Photos and two-minute video clippings regarding the violation can be uploaded via the app. Complainants also have the option to remain anonymous. Within 100 minutes of filing the complaint, the complainant will receive feedback on the action taken.

    Scientists have discovered 300,000 new galaxies using a Low-Frequency Array (LOFAR) telescope

    25 February 2019
    A study conducted by 200 scientists from 18 countries has led to the discovery of 300,000 new galaxies using a Low-Frequency Array (LOFAR) telescope in the Netherlands. LOFAR is capable of detecting low radio frequencies which is not visible to other telescopes. Thus, scientists could spot lakhs of light sources, which were once too faint to be detected from Earth.

    SpaceX launched Israels first moon lander Beresheet from Florida

    25 February 2019
    Israel’s first moon lander, the 585 kg “Beresheet” (“Genesis” in Hebrew), was launched atop a Falcon 9 rocket from the private US-based SpaceX in Florida, United States. At a cost of USD 100 million, it is the lowest-budget spacecraft to ever undertake such a mission. It is part of renewed global interest in the Moon, sometimes called the “Eighth Continent” of the Earth. The project is funded almost entirely by donations making it the first privately backed lunar lander mission.It was notably financed by businessman and philanthropist Morris Kahn. Other partners include Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI), Israel’s space agency and Israel’s Ministry of Science and Technology. Beresheet carries a “time capsule” loaded with digital files containing a Bible, children’s drawings, Israeli songs, memories of a Holocaust survivor and the blue-and-white Israeli flag. Landing is the main mission, but the spacecraft also carries a scientific instrument to measure the lunar magnetic field, which will help to understand of the Moon’s formation. It is estimated it will land on 11 April after a 4m-mile (6.5m-km) journey. With this, Israel became the 4th country after Russia, USA and China to carry out a 384,000km journey and land a spacecraft on the Moon.

    Scientist says that tiny Neptune moon may be result of cosmic collision

    23 February 2019
    Scientist says that Neptune’s tiny, mysterious moon, maybe a ‘chipped-off piece’ from a larger moon as a result of a collision with a comet that took place billions of years ago. NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope had discovered Hippocamp in 2013. Astronomers call it the moon that shouldn't be there. Researchers discovered that the tiny moon, named Hippocamp, is unusually close to a much larger Neptunian moon called Proteus. Normally, a moon like Proteus should have gravitationally swept aside or swallowed the smaller moon while clearing out its orbital path.

    Law ministry launched Nyaya Bandhu, a tele law mobile application

    22 February 2019
    The Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad launched ‘Nyaya Bandhu’, a tele-law mobile application. The application will benefit 73,000 paralegal volunteers (PLVs) of National Legal Service Authority and State Legal Services Authorities (SLSA) in the country who will be associated under Tele-Law service. Ministry of Law and Justice: ♦ Formed: 1833 ♦ Headquarters: Raisina Hill, New Delhi ♦ Minister responsible: Ravi Shankar Prasad ♦ It deals with the management of the legal affairs, legislative activities and administration of justice in India  ♦ 3 departments under the Law ministry are:      1)Legislative Department      2)Department of Legal Affairs       3)Department of Justice

    NARI decided to drop focus on AIDS and undergo change name

    22 February 2019
    The National Aids Research Institute (NARI) decided to drop its focus on research into the Acquired Immuno-deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and to undergo a name change in the coming months. It will no longer serve as a single disease centre, after observing a major drop in a number of It will address other areas of public health too and apply the same knowledge and expertise to other fields of public health as well. About NARI ♦ Director – Dr. Samiran Panda ♦ Headquarters – Pune, Maharashtra

    PM Modi inaugurated supercomputer 'PARAM Shivay' at IIT-BHU

    21 February 2019
    Supercomputer named 'PARAM Shivay' of 833 teraflop capacity is built for ₹32.5 crore, at IIT-Banaras Hindu University (BHU). It will include 1 peta byte secondary storage. It was built under the ₹4,500-crore National Supercomputing Mission (NSM), under which 73 supercomputers would be installed. India’s first supercomputer called PARAM 8000 was launched in 1991.

    Scientists discovered new Universe map which unveiled 3,00,000 more galaxies

    20 February 2019
    A new map of the night sky published in charts hundreds of thousands of previously unknown galaxies discovered using a LOFAR telescope that can detect light sources optical instruments cannot see.  More than 200 astronomers from 18 countries were involved in the study, which used radio astronomy to look at a segment of the sky over the northern hemisphere, and found 3,00,000 previously unseen light sources thought to be distant galaxies. The team plans to create images of the northern sky, which they say will reveal as many as 15 million as-yet undetected radio sources.  Radio astronomy allows scientists to detect radiation produced when massive celestial objects interact. The LOFAR telescope is made up of a network of radio antenna across seven countries, forming the equivalent of a 1,300-km diameter satellite dish.

    Scientist developed the first walking robot to navigate without GPS

    20 February 2019
    AntBot is the first walking robot to have navigational capabilities without GPS or mapping. It has been designed by Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) and Aix-Marseille University researchers at ISM, on lines similar to desert ants who use polarised lights and UV radiation to navigate in space.  It consists of an optical compass which determines its movements by the help of polarised light. Weighing only 2.3 kg, this robot has six feet for increased mobility, allowing it to move in complex environments, precisely where deploying wheeled robots and drones can be complicated.

    Indias First Fulldome 3D Digital Theatre Inaugurated In Kolkata

    20 February 2019
    Union Culture Minister Mahesh Sharma inaugurated India’s very first ‘Fulldome 3D Digital Theatre’ at the Science City in Kolkata, West Bengal. It is fully funded by the Ministry of Culture at a cost of Rs 20 crore. About Culture Minister Headquarters: Shastri Bhawan, New Delhi Annual budget  : ₹2,843.32 crore (US$400 million) (2018-19 est.)[1] Minister responsible: Mahesh Sharma, Minister of State 

    First Israeli private lunar mission set to be launched

    19 February 2019
    SpaceIL, an Israeli Private company, is to launch what it hopes will be the first private spacecraft to land on the moon in the 4th week of February 2019. SpaceIL and State-owned Israel Aerospace Industries said that the spacecraft, dubbed Beresheet, or Genesis, will ship from Florida, where, propelled by a SpaceX rocket, it will commence its voyage to the moon.

    Symantec has launched Email Fraud Protection

    19 February 2019
    Global cybersecurity company Symantec has launched ‘Email Fraud Protection’, an automated solution, to help organizations block fraudulent emails from reaching enterprises.  It aims to reduce workload for IT departments and eliminate the need to manually manage email security configurations while combating Business Email Compromise attacks. The solution is now available as part of Symantec’s Email Security Solution and Integrated Cyber Defence Platform. With this solution, email authentication standards are met by automatic monitoring of approved third-party senders.

    NASA plans to send astronauts on Moon in 2028

    18 February 2019
    NASA, The U.S. space agency, plans to send American astronauts back on the Moon by 2028, with unmanned demonstration missions in 2024 and 2026. Bridenstine laid out the space agency’s plan to support the development of commercial hardware capable of landing astronauts on the Moon. The mission architecture represents a dramatic shift from the way NASA had put humans on the Moon when Apollo 11 in July 1969 put Neil Armstrong as the first man to walk on the lunar surface.  The procurement plan, as laid out in a document known as a Broad Agency Announcement, calls for commercial ventures to propose concepts for a descent module, a space refueling system and a transfer vehicle by March 25. In May, NASA would select several companies for an initial six-month phase to study and develop in this line and will allocate up to $9 million to each company. Astronauts would make their first trip to the lunar surface in 2028. NASA’s plan calls for four astronauts to spend as long as seven days on the Moon.

    NASA to launch SPHEREx mission in 2023 to explore universe's origins

    17 February 2019
    NASA has announced a new space telescope mission dedicated to understanding the origins of life and the universe. It's called the Spectro-Photometer for the History of the Universe, Epoch of Reionization and Ices Explorer - shortly SPHEREx. NASA is aiming for a 2023 launch and has already earmarked $242 million for the project. Once SPHEREx is already in orbit, it will observe and collect data on over 300 million galaxies, some as far as 10 billion light-years away from Earth, and 100 million stars in our own Milky Way every six months. Main goals of SPHEREx mission: ♦ To search for water and organic molecules within the Milky Way. ♦ To find more clues on how our universe formed and evolved.

    NASAs Opportunity rover declared dead by NASA

    15 February 2019
    During 14 years of intrepid exploration across Mars, NASA’s Opportunity rover advanced human knowledge by confirming that water once flowed on the red planet but it has analyzed its last soil sample.  In June 2018, NASA lost contact with the rover during a dust storm. It was declared officially dead on 13th February 2019. It ended one of the most fruitful missions in the history of space exploration. Unable to recharge its batteries, Opportunity left hundreds of messages sent from the earth unanswered over the months. NASA said it made its last attempt at contact on 12th February 2019.

    e-AUSHADHI portal launched for licensing of AYUSH medicine

    15 February 2019
    Minister of State for AYUSH, Shripad Yesso Naik launched the e-AUSHADHI portal, for online licensing of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy drugs and related matters. AUSHADHI is an acronym for Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy Automated Drug Help Initiative.

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