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Last Updated: April 7, 2020 1 day ago

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  • NASA to set up Artemis, the first human base camp on south pole of Moon

    1 day ago
    The American space agency NASA has announced that it is working on the Artemis program. NASA aims to land humans on the moon by 2024 through this program. NASA also submitted a report to the National Space Council on 2 April. The report focused on setting up the Artemis Base Camp at the South Pole of the moon. NASA's Artemis program: ♦ NASA's Artemis program plans to establish a base camp on the Moon by 2024. ♦ NASA has also revealed a plan that showed the US lunar presence after achieving the milestone.  ♦ NASA plans to test technologies and secure resources on the surface of the Moon, before exploring Mars. ♦ NASA plan to conduct several operations on and around the moon and for that, they require Artemis Base Camp. It will be their first sustainable foothold on the lunar frontier. ♦ The lunar base camp will demonstrate the US's leadership in space and will eventually help them prepare to undertake humanity's first mission to Mars.

    SpaceX released a Users guide for its Starship rocket

    6 days ago
    SpaceX released a Users Guide for its giant Starship rocket. The document will provide a short overview of the rocket that is designed to transport people, payloads, satellites, and cargo to a variety of orbits and Earth, Lunar, or Martian landing sites. Users Guide for Starship rocket: ♦ The guide gives a brief overview of SpaceX and about the program itself. ♦ The guide gives information about payload configurations and mechanical interfaces.  ♦ It contains a comparison that is drawn between crewed and uncrewed configurations.  ♦ In its current configuration, Starship can transport up to 100 people from Earth into Low Earth Orbit (LEO) and on to the Moon and Mars. ♦ SpaceX is to develop cargo and crewed variants of Starship which can accommodate 100 passengers.  ♦ The guide also laid out some specifications, including details about payload capacity, launch, and landing. SpaceX: Founded on: 6 May 2002 Headquarters: Hawthorne, California Founder, CEO & CTO: Elon Musk President & COO: Gwynne Shotwell SpaceX, so far, has developed many launch vehicles and the Dragon spacecraft.

    NASA to launch SunRISE mission to study Solar Particle Storms

    7 days ago
    The US space agency, NASA selected the proposed Sun Radio Interferometer Space Experiment (SunRISE) mission to study how the Sun creates and releases Giant Solar Particle Storms.  SunRISE Mission: ♦ The SunRISE mission will aid scientists to understand the working of the Solar System. The mission is believed to help protect future astronauts from Solar Storms while going to the Moon or Mars. ♦ As a part of the Explorers Program, SunRise mission was one of two missions selected by NASA in August 2017 for the Mission of Opportunity program. ♦ The mission initially conducted an 11-month concept study. It was extended for another year, for formulation study, by NASA in February 2019 for the program. ♦ The mission is led by Justin Kasper at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor and managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). ♦ In March 2020, the Mission was awarded $62.6 million to design, build, and launch the mission. The NET launch date of the SunRISE mission is 1 July 2023. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA): Formed on: 29 July 1958 Headquarters: Washington, D.C., United States Administrator: Jim Bridenstine Deputy Administrator: James Morhard

    FDA approved Convalescent plasma transmission to treat people from Coronavirus

    9 days ago
    The US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) approved Convalescent plasma is the method to treat people who are critically ill with COVID-19. Convalescent plasma refers to the plasma extracted from those who are recovering from coronavirus (COVID-19). To run the process the doctors must get approval over the telephone. What is Plasma? Plasma is a fluid carries the blood components throughout the body. It is the largest part of blood. It makes up to 55% of its overall content. The liquid is light yellow in colour. It carries water, salts, and enzymes. Plasma also contains important components like antibodies, clotting factors, and the proteins albumin and fibrinogen.  Convalescent plasma: The method was used in the past to treat diseases such as polio, measles, mumps, 1918 flu epidemic, and in previous outbreaks of respiratory infections namely H1N1 influenza, SARS, and MERS. Under the method, Plasma from people who have recovered from COVID-19 will be collected and transmitted to the critically ill COVID-19 patients. It is believed that it might contain antibodies to the virus that causes the disease and might be effective against the infection. Background: Earlier, a study suggested that the convalescent plasma could be a possible treatment methodology. The study was conducted by the Shenzhen Third People’s Hospital in Shenzhen, China. The study was conducted on 5 critically ill COVID-19 patients and the preliminary results from the test were promising. After the plasma transfusion, body temperature was normalized within 3 days in 4 of 5 patients, the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score decreased, and the ratio that determines the severity of ARDS increased within 12 days. Viral loads decreased and became negative within 12 days after the transfusion.

    Apple launched app for COVID-19 information

    11 days ago
    Tech giant Apple has released a new dedicated app and website for users across the US. The app provides accurate and credible information to users about the COVID-19 pandemic. App features: The new COVID-19 app and website provide the needed guidance and latest information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The app has been made available on the App Store. The users can also use the new tools to answer questions around risk factors, recent exposure, and symptoms. The tool will provide guidance on social distancing and self-isolating based on risk level. Apple has also enabled Siri to provide guidance and resources from the CDC. 

    Study shows good results with plasma treatment for coronavirus

    11 days ago
    A study suggested that the convalescent plasma could be a possible treatment methodology. Convalescent plasma refers to the plasma extracted from those who are recovering from coronavirus (COVID-19). The study was conducted at the infectious disease department, Shenzhen Third People’s Hospital in Shenzhen, China. Study Highlights: ♦ The study included five patients, critically ill with COVID-19. The preliminary results from the test were promising.  ♦ The study stated that preliminary findings stated that the convalescent plasma transfusion may be helpful in the treatment of critically ill patients with COVID-19 and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), but this approach requires evaluation in randomized clinical trials. ♦ After the plasma transfusion, body temperature normalized within 3 days in 4 of 5 patients, the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score decreased, and the ratio that determines severity of ARDS increased within 12 days.  ♦ Viral loads also decreased and became negative within 12 days after the transfusion.

    India to begin antibody tests on coronavirus

    11 days ago
    India is set to begin antibody tests for the coronavirus to confirm whether a person had previously been infected with the virus. The move is expected to help understand the epidemiology of COVID-19 in the country. Highlights: ♦ The antibody test is named as "serological test". ♦ The test looks for antibodies in the blood, it is different from the current, diagnostic tests that determine active infection through nasal or throat swabs.  ♦ Serological tests will help the scientists and doctors to determine if a person has previously had a viral infection, based on the presence of antibodies in the blood, possibly even if they were asymptotic. ♦ It is not a confirmatory test. It will be used for the purpose of surveillance to generate data and understand whether people got exposed to the virus.

    WHO conducts Mega trial of 4 drugs to combat coronavirus

    12 days ago
    The World Health Organization (WHO) has begun a global mega trial of the four most promising drugs that may cure the novel coronavirus. The 4 drugs are Remdesivir, Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine, Ritonavir and lopinavir, Ritonavir/lopinavir and interferon-beta. Mega Trial: ♦ The mega trial by WHO is called Solidarity. ♦ Under Solidarity, the scientist will study, test, and develop an antidote against coronavirus will be done. ♦ Solidarity trial test is expected to procure robust results. For the test trial, several thousands of patients have to be recruited. ♦ Remdesivir drug was used to combat Ebola and other dangerous viruses. ♦ Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine are used to treat patients suffering from malaria. ♦ Ritonavir and lopinavir drug is given to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) to slow down the process of deterioration of organs. ♦ Ritonavir/lopinavir and interferon-beta is used to treat Middle-East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS) patients in Saudi Arabia.

    Warm, humid climate might reduce the transmission of Coronavirus

    12 days ago
    Scientists from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), the US suggested that warm and humid weather is linked to the slower spread of the novel coronavirus. The study also stated that countries that experience monsoon may experience the lesser transmission of the coronavirus.  Study Highlights: ♦ The scientists assessed several data on the number of COVID-19 infections in different parts of the world and compared it with two parameters of weather from all the regions namely temperature and humidity. ♦ The study stated that transmission of COVID-19 has occurred in regions with temperatures between 3 and 17 degrees Celsius. The absolute humidity of the regions ranged from 4 to 9 gram per cubic metre (g/m3). ♦ Also, in countries with a mean temperature greater than 18 degree Celsius and absolute humidity more than 9 g/m3 has reported less than 6% of cases. ♦ As per the analysis, the scientists noted that countries, especially Asian countries, experiencing monsoon might see a slowdown in transmission as absolute humidity is generally above 10g/m3 during monsoon.

    CCMB to begin trial on genome sequencing of Coronavirus

    12 days ago
    Hyderabad-based CSIR's Centre for Cellular Molecular Biology (CCMB) announced that it is working to sequence the whole genome of the COVID-19 virus that is taken from isolates from people who have tested positive.  COVID-19 Genome Sequencing: ♦ Sequencing the large-scale genome will help us understand how similar or different Indian isolates are, compared with others in the world. ♦ The genome sequencing will help scientists and doctors to understand the rate of mutation and the possible routes of spread.  ♦ It will help to understand the biology of the virus. ♦ Earlier, CCMB sought samples from AIIMS for the study purpose. Genome Sequencing: The genetic material of an organism is called Genome. It consists of sets of Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or Ribonucleic acid (RNA). The science of identifying the genome of the organism is called Genome sequencing. Centre for Cellular Molecular Biology (CCMB): Established on: 1977 Location: Hyderabad Director: Rakesh K. Mishra CCMB functions under the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). Global Molecular and Cell Biology Network of UNESCO designated the Centre as Center of Excellence.

    ARI develops wheat variety with high protein

    13 days ago
    Agharkar Research Institute (ARI) Scientists have developed a biofortified durum wheat variety MACS 4028. The new wheat variety shows high protein content. New wheat variety MACS 4028: ♦ The wheat variety developed by the ARI scientists show high protein content of about 14.7% ♦ The wheat has a better nutritional quality of zinc 40.3 ppm, and iron content of 40.3ppm and 46.1ppm respectively, good milling quality and overall acceptability. ♦ MACS 4028 is a semi-dwarf variety. IThe MACS 4028 variety is also included by the Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) program for the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) to alleviate malnutrition in a sustainable way.t matures in 102 days and has shown the superior and stable yielding ability of 19.3 quintals per hectare.  ♦ It is resistant to stem rust, leaf rust, foliar aphids, root aphids, and brown wheat mite. ♦ The MACS 4028 variety is also included by the Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) program for the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) to alleviate malnutrition in a sustainable way. ♦ The new variety can boost the Vision 2022 "Kuposhan Mukt Bharat", the National Nutrition Strategy.  ♦ It aims to tackle the hidden hunger in the rural areas of India is being continued using traditional plant breeding approach to achieve Kuposhan Mukt Bharat.

    ARCI developed technology to improve fuel efficiency of internal combustion engines

    14 days ago
    International Advanced Centre for Powder Metallurgy & New Materials (ARCI) developed ultrafast laser surface texturing technology. The technology can improve the fuel efficiency of internal combustion engines.      Highlights: ♦ Laser surface micro-texturing offers precise control of the size and shape. ♦ The density of micro-surface texture features gains momentum as a way to control friction and wear.  ♦ The special feature of the technology is a pulsating laser beam creates micro-dimples or grooves on the surface of materials in a very controlled manner.  ♦ The texture traps wear debris when operating under dry sliding conditions. It provides effects like enhancing oil supply that can lower friction coefficients and may enable reduced wear rate. This will improve the fuel efficiency of internal combustion engines.

    SpaceX to launch its first manned flight to ISS in 2020 May

    19 days ago
    SpaceX has announced that it is to launch its first manned flight to the International Space Station (ISS) in May 2020. The announcement comes despite the COVID-19 epidemic.  SpaceX 1st manned Mission: ♦ SpaceX' Falcon 9 rocket is to launch the Crew Dragon. It will carry NASA astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley to space from Launch Complex 39A at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida. ♦ NASA is to quarantine the astronauts for two weeks before their missions to ensure they don't carry illnesses to space. ♦ NASA's Commercial Crew Program partnered with SpaceX through a public-private partnership to launch astronauts on American rockets and spacecraft from American soil.  ♦ The program aims to provide safe, reliable, and cost-effective transportation to and from the space station, which will allow for additional research time and will increase the opportunity for discovery aboard humanity's testbed for exploration. 

    ISRO to launch 36 missions in the current fiscal year

    19 days ago
    Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Atomic Energy and Space, Dr. Jitendra Singh, announced that the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) had planned 36 missions for the fiscal year 2020-21. ISRO is to send up ten earth observation satellites during 2020-21.   Mission of ISRO for FY-2020-21: ♦ Earth observation satellite- 10 ♦ Communication satellite- 3 ♦ Navigation satellite-  ♦ Space science satellite- 3 ♦ Technology Demonstration- 1 ♦ PSLV- 10 ♦ GSLV MK II- 3 ♦ GSLV MK III- 1 ♦ Small Satellite Launch Vehicle- 2 ♦ Gaganyaan (Unmanned mission)- 1 ISRO has focused on peaceful uses of Outer Space.  So far, Space Technology has been used for the benefit of the country and society. It provides solutions for developmental activities and address problems of the society at large.

    INST Scientists develops calcium-modified carboxymethyl-starch to stop rapid blood loss during accidents

    21 days ago
    Scientists from the Institute of Nano Science and Technology (INST) have developed a starch-based 'hemostat' material, named calcium-modified carboxymethyl-starch, that can stop life-threatening bleeding after a serious injury.  Calcium-modified carboxymethyl-starch: ♦ The Hemostat material is a biodegradable microparticles. It concentrates the natural clotting factors in blood by physically absorbing excess fluid. ♦ The microparticles were prepared by modifying some of the chemical hydroxyl groups on starch to carboxymethyl groups and incorporating the beneficial calcium ions. This combination increases the aggregation of red blood cells (RBCs) and platelets and speeds up the activation to generate the fibrin protein network that forms a stable blood clot. ♦ The microparticles form a cohesive and adherent gel within 30 seconds after contact with blood in lab tests. ♦ The material has increased absorption capacity, improved absorption, inexpensive, biocompatible, and biodegradable.   ♦ It is a versatile, potentially life-saving, and inexpensive product that will bring a realistic solution for lower-income economies worldwide.

    Indian scientists develop friction-reducing nanocomposite coatings to increase system life

    21 days ago
    Scientists from the International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy & New Materials (ARCI) developed a process for size-selective deposition of nanocomposite coatings, which can reduce the friction of these dynamic systems. Need: The aerospace, defence, automobile, space devices are in need to reduce friction, wear, and tear caused in the device in order to enhance the life of components. At present, to reduce friction, the dynamic systems are lubricated, which adds to the cost, complexity, and weight of these systems. Nanocomposite coatings: ♦ The newly developed coating is of nickel tungsten-based with impregnation of particular sized Silicon Carbide (SiC) submicron particles. It uses economical and straightforward pulsed electroplating or electrodeposition process.  ♦ It can provide an excellent combination of wear and corrosion resistance with the low friction coefficient and good oil retention capacity. ♦ The coating can withstand corrosion due to salt spray better than many similar wear-resistant coatings available in the market. ARCI: ARCI was established in 1997. It functions under the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Ministry of Science and Technology, GoI. It is headquartered in Hyderabad, Telangana. ARCI is mandated to develop High-Performance Materials and Processes for Niche Markets, demonstrate technologies at Prototype/pilot scale, and transfer of Technology to Indian Industry. The centre is chaired by Dr. Anil Kakodkar, Former Secretary, Department of Atomic Energy, Mumbai.

    Astronomers found Iron raining exoplanet

    26 days ago
    Astronomers from Spain's Institute of Astrophysics of the Canary Islands (IAC) has discovered an exoplanet WASP-76b where it "rains iron." The conditions of the exoplanet was discovered by Echelle Spectrograph for Rocky Exoplanets and Stable Spectroscopic Observations (ESPRESSO). The high-resolution instrument is installed on the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope (VLT) in Chile. Exoplanet WASP-76b: ♦ Exoplanet WASP-76b is located 360 million light-years away, toward the constellation Pisces.  ♦ It has days when its temperatures exceed 2,400 degrees Celsius (4,352 degrees Fahrenheit). The temperature is hot enough to evaporate metals. ♦ At nights, with strong winds, cool down the iron vapor so that it condenses into drops of Iron. ♦ The planet always keeps the same face towards its star as it rotates around it.

    Google launched a tool to help developers make websites more color blind friendly

    26 days ago
    Google launched a new Chrome tool that will allow developers to tune their websites for visual impairments like color blindness to help them fix accessibility issues on their sites. Highlights: ♦ The developers can use this feature by launching Google Chrome. ♦ The developers can head to the browser's Developer tools. Choose More tools, then select Rendering and Emulate visual deficiencies.  ♦ The emulate vision deficiencies features a drop-down menu of vision limitations.  ♦ The developer should select one from the menu, such as tritanopia (a condition where a person cannot distinguish the colors blue and yellow). ♦ It would allow developers to mimic the condition, changing the colors of their site so they can see if it's difficult to read without those specific colors. ♦ Google's new developer tools follow the release of Firefox's visual disability dev tools. Background: According to the Colour Blind Awareness report, about 300 million people around the world, or 8% of all men and 0.5% of all women, are impacted by color blindness.

    ARI studies methane-oxidizing bacteria for methane mitigation

    26 days ago
    Scientists at Agharkar Research Institute (ARI), Pune have isolated 45 different strains of methanotrophic bacteria. These bacteria have been found to be capable of reducing methane emissions from rice plants. Methanotrophic bacteria: ♦ Methanotrophic bacteria metabolize and convert methane into carbon-di-oxide (CO2).  ♦ Methanotrophs can effectively reduce the emission of methane. ♦ In rice fields, the bacteria are active near the roots or soil-water interfaces. ♦ ARI Scientist has enriched, isolated, and cultivated the 45 different strains of methanotrophs and created the first indigenous methanotroph culture.  ♦ They have also isolated indigenous methanotrophs from Western and Southern India, mainly from rice field soils and freshwater mud. They have documented two novel genera and six novel species of methanotrophs from rice fields in Western India.  ♦ Some of the bacteria strains were used as bio-inoculants in rice plants during the pot trials. ♦ During the trial, the scientist found a decrease in methane emissions in inoculated plants with a positive or neutral effect on the growth of the rice. It is expected that it could lead to the development of microbial inoculants for methane mitigation in rice. ♦ Rice fields contribute to nearly 10% of global methane emissions. Note: The second most important greenhouse gas (GHG) is Methane. It is 26 times more potent as compared to carbon-di-oxide.

    GOKADDAL-worlds first Digital Solutions Exchange cloud launched in India

    27 days ago
    The world's first Digital Solutions Exchange in the cloud "GOKADDAL" has been launched in India. GOKADDAL will revolutionize the way digital solutions are sourced, delivered, and managed.  GOKADDAL: ♦ The cloud-based platform is created to help the customers realize their digital transformation vision by bringing them the right solutions with the right tools and right providers.  ♦ is a marketplace and cloud delivery platform. The platform focus on Automation, Artificial Intelligence, Analytics, and Augmentative Technologies.  ♦ GOKADDAL will create a new and significant revenue base for the solution providers. ♦ GOKADDAL provides features including Solution search, compare, use EOI/Bidding process to select the right solution in the right budget.  ♦ For customers, it offers access to customer queries, EOI/bids, offer special offerings, and participate in solution events to showcase its capabilities.

    WHO declared COVID-19 a pandemic

    27 days ago
    The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the novel coronavirus, COVID-19, a "pandemic" on 11 March. The infectious disease has spread freely in more than 100 countries around the world.  In January, WHO declared the COVID-19 outbreak as a "global health emergency." WHO's highest level of alarm reserves for the most sudden, serious, unexpected outbreaks that cross international borders and might require a coordinated response between countries. Pandemic-Definition: According to WHO, a new disease that is spread worldwide and the determination is made based on the geographic spread of a disease, the severity of illnesses it causes, and its effects on society are defined as "pandemic."  COVID-19: SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, is suspected of having spread from an animal host to humans in Wuhan, China. Initially, most cases were seen within China and among people who had traveled there, and the travelers' close contacts. The contagious has quickly spread globally. The novel coronavirus that emerged in China in 2019 has sickened more than 121,000 people and killed over 4,300. The COVID-19 illness caused by the virus has spread to more than 100 countries around the globe.

    IISc researchers develop a method to rapidly detect disease-causing bacteria

    27 days ago
    Researchers at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) have developed a new method to rapidly identify and check whether a disease-causing bacterium is alive or dead. The uniqueness of the method is the rapidity and sensitivity of the method. New Method Highlights: ♦ The new method uses Raman spectroscopy to recognize bacteria and check for their viability, or their state of being alive. The Raman spectroscopy technique is usually used to identify chemical bonds in materials. ♦ The method can be potentially modified into a bed-side, table-top device for diagnosis.  ♦ Quick detection of the disease-causing agent or pathogen and checking for whether it is alive or not in the patient samples are vital to treating infectious diseases. By identifying the pathogen's viability, the physicians generally decide the dose of antibiotics to be prescribed and reduces the possibility of overprescription that can lead to antibiotic resistance.

    Eleventh Bengaluru INDIA Nano conference and exhibition held at Bengaluru

    28 days ago
    Eleventh Bengaluru INDIA Nano conference and exhibition showcased technologies and products developed by academia and companies in nanotechnology.  Organized by: The three-day event was organized by the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of Karnataka, and Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), in association with other Govt Institutions and corporate companies.  Highlights: ♦ Research work to tackle infections related to antimicrobial resistance, eco-friendly batteries, and tools on nanotechnology, which was developed for agriculture were showcased by JNCASR at the exhibition. ♦ A set of Zn-air eco-friendly batteries were also displayed. ♦ Rhino Lure and Rhyncho Lure, eco-friendly, cost-effective, and residual free control strategy tools to monitor and manage Rhinoceros Beetle and Red Plam Weevil pests and protect crops like coconut, date palm, oil palm, and arecanut were exhibited.  

    ARI developed ARI-516, a hybrid variety of grapes

    28 days ago
    Scientists from the Agharkar Research Institute (ARI) have developed a hybrid variety of grapes, ARI-516. It is resistant to fungal diseases, high yielding, and has excellent juice quality. Highlights: ♦ ARI-516 was developed by interbreeding of two species from the same genus Catawba variety of Vitis labrusca and Beauty seedless variety of Vitis vinifera. ♦ The hybrid suitable for the preparation of juice, raisin, jam, and red wine, and farmers are enthusiastically adopting the variety.  ♦ It is expected that the hybrid can benefit farmers, the processing industry, and consumers.  ♦ The grape has superior quality fruits and higher yield per unit area. It matures in 110-120 days after pruning. ♦ ARI-516 grape variety has been recently identified for release by the Varietal Identification Committee of ICAR-All India Co-ordinated Research Project on Fruit, for cultivation states like Maharashtra, Punjab, Telangana, and Tamil Nadu.

    London patient becomes the second person to be ever cured of HIV

    28 days ago
    The journal The Lancet HIV reported that Adam Castillejo, London, has become the second person to be ever cured of HIV. He was previously known as "London patient." The 40-year-old was first diagnosed with HIV in 2003. He underwent a special bone-marrow transplant. After that, he had been free from HIV for 18 months. After 12 months, now, he indeed represent a cure. The first patient to be cured of HIV is Timothy Brown. He is also known as the Berlin patient. He received a similar bone-marrow transplant in 2007. He has been HIV-free for more than 10 years now. Stem cells transplants: The stem cells used for the transplants (of both Adam Castillejo and Timothy Brown) was from a donor who had a relatively rare genetic mutation that confers resistance to HIV. The researchers stated that bone-marrow transplant would not work as a standard therapy for all patients with HIV.  A stem cell (or bone marrow) transplant is a procedure that will replace defective or damaged cells in patients whose normal blood cells have been affected.

    JFE engineering set to generate electricity from geothermal energy

    32 days ago
    Geothermal energy in Japan is actively utilized as renewable energy. This is one of the world's most abundant sources of power. A new geothermal electric power generation was launched in Matsuo- Hachimantaiarea, Iwate Prefecture. JFE Engineering coordinates the total system of planning, construction of geothermal power plants, and electricity sales. JFE Engineering has participated in the construction of a geothermal power plant in the Matsuo-Hachimantai area as an investment company. JFE Engineering involved in the construction of the geothermal power plants for more than 50 years. JFE Engineering: JFE Engineering provides a high-efficiency geothermal power generation system consisting of production and well-managed facilities, steam production facility, steam gathering pipeline, brine gathering pipeline, and re-injection facility, and binary power generation facility capable of utilizing both steam and hot water. The power plant output is 7499 KW. This is the largest plant after 22 years in Japan for foreign countries, many like Indonesia have a geothermal resource so that JFE Engineering can construct steam production facilities and power plants consistently.

    Google Cloud Announces Delhi as Its Second India Region Will Open in 2021

    32 days ago
    Google announced plans to open its second Cloud region in India in Delhi next year and help regulated industries such as healthcare and financial services as well as public sector organizations across the country to achieve their Cloud goal. Google launched the Mumbai region in 2017. The new cloud region will expand Google's existing network, which stands at eight areas in the Asia Pacific and 22 neighborhoods globally. As the company's customers in India grow and diversify, Google cloud regions bring Google Cloud Platform (GCP) services to organizations in industries like media and entertainment, retail, and manufacturing. Google Cloud Platform: The Google Cloud Platform is enabling customers such as L&T Finance, Manipal Hospital Group, Reliance Mutual Fund, Royal Enfield, TechMahindra, Truecaller, and many more to deliver high performing and secure Cloud-based services to their users. The Delhi cloud region will have three zones to protect against service disruptions. The year 2020 is already shaping up to be a great year for Google Cloud in India, and we look forward to helping businesses and governments solve their most complex challenges and create value for years to come. The region will also include a portfolio of key GCP products, offer lower latency to nearby users, and, when combined with the existing region in Mumbai, enable geographically separate in-country disaster recovery for the customers' mission-critical applications. With access to faster computing power, we can also on-board consumers more efficiently. Our rural businesses have clocked a disbursement CAGR of 60 percent over the past three years. Today, customers in more than 150 countries are using Google Cloud as their trusted partner to solve their most critical business problems.

    SpaceX to launch three space tourists to ISS next year

    32 days ago
    Elon Musk-led private space launch company SpaceX plans to send three tourists to the International Space Station (ISS).  Space Voyage: The 10-day long space voyage would take place sometime around the end of 2021 reported The Verge. The tourists will shot into orbit in a Crew Dragon space capsule sitting atop a Falcon 9 launch vehicle. The logistics of the trip would be managed by Axiom Space, a Houston Based startup that recently signed up with SpaceX for the space tourism project. The private tourists have already spent time aboard the ISS, this would be the first time that such a trip is being fully organized by private companies. The Verge cited The New York Times, according to which, each of the total three tickets cost 55 million dollars, and one seat has already been booked. According to The Verge, this is the second space tourism project announced by SpaceX this year, as just last month, the company unveiled that it would be collaborating with Space Adventures to launch four private citizens on a mission that would circumnavigate the Earth's orbit.  International Space Station (ISS): International Space Station (ISS) is a space station (habitable artificial satellite) in low Earth orbit. The ISS program is a joint project between five participating space agencies: NASA (United States), Roscosmos (Russia), JAXA (Japan), ESA (Europe), and CSA (Canada). The ownership use of the space station is established by intergovernmental treaties and agreements.

    ISRO postpones the launch of GISAT-1 satellite

    34 days ago
    ISRO launch of earth observation satellite GISAT-1 has been postponed due to technical reasons. Earlier, it was planned to launch the earth observation satellite on 5 March. ISRO has revised the launch date, and it will be informed in due course. The satellite was one of the key launches planned by the country's space agency for 2020.  GISAT-1: ♦ The satellite has the capability to perform real-time and constant watch of the Indian subcontinent.  ♦ The satellite weighs 2,275 kg. ♦ GISAT is an earth observation satellite that will be placed in a geosynchronous transfer orbit at 36,000km altitude.  ♦ GISAT-1 will facilitate near real-time observation of the Indian subcontinent, under cloud-free conditions, at frequent intervals.  ♦ The satellite will do the full rotation of the Earth and come to the same point after every 2 hours.  ♦ It will fast image the Earth and can perform constant and rapid surveillance. The satellite can observe a point for a longer duration if needed.

    Chandrayaan-III mission to be launched in first half of 2021

    34 days ago
    The Union Minister Jitendra Singh announced that ISRO's Chandrayaan-III would be launched in the first half of 2021. A slight delay might happen in the launching of the third moon mission.  Chandrayaan-III mission: ♦ Chandrayaan-III mission was configured based on the lessons learnt from Chandrayaan-II. ♦ The revised configuration is expected to take care of the robustness in design, capacity enhancement for mission flexibility. ♦ It retains the heritage of Chandrayaan-II. ♦ In 2019, Chandrayaan-II spacecraft hard-landed on the lunar surface. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) had then resolved to launch the project.

    Scientists found bacteria that can replace fertilizers, fungicides in tea plants

    35 days ago
    Researchers at the Institute of Advanced Study in Science and Technology (IASST) Guwahati found significant plant-growth-promoting and antifungal activities of endophyticactino bacteria associated with Tea plant and related genera, Eurya. Highlights: ♦ They find potent plant growth-promoting strains.  ♦ The study stated that the application of endophytic Actinobacteria could reduce chemical inputs in Tea plantation. ♦ The team isolated 46 endophyticactino bacteria found in diverse environments that live within a plant for at least part of its life cycle without causing apparent disease associated with Tea plants and characterized through molecular techniques.  ♦ Out of 46 isolates, 21 isolates inhibited the growth of at least one test fungal phytopathogens and strains SA25 and SA29 exhibited broad-spectrum antifungal activity. ♦ The research confirmed that endophyticactino bacteria have the potential to exhibit multiple growth-promoting traits such as IAA production, phosphate solubilization, siderophore production and so on that positively influence tea growth and production. Tea: Tea (Camellia sinensis) plays an important role in the Indian economy as a major portion of the tea produced is exported. Due to higher demand for chemical residue-free made tea by the importing countries has led to a decline in the export of tea. The recent study attempts the use of endophyticactino bacteria having plant beneficial characteristics to reduce and replace the use of chemical inputs in the tea industry.

    NASA reveals hole on Mars that could hold clue to life on Red Planet

    35 days ago
    NASA released a photo of the mysterious hole on Mars that could hold a clue to life on Mars. The unusual hole on the planet was discovered in 2011. The image was taken by the High-Resolution Imaging Experiment (HiRISE) instrument. The photo was taken by Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter which currently circles the planet. Martian Pit: ♦ The image depicted the slopes of Mars' Pavonis Mons volcano. ♦ It is expected that the Martian pit might contain life as they have interior caves that remain relatively protected from the planet's harsh surface. ♦ As per the image, the hole has opened about 35 m across to an underground cavern which is estimated to be around 20 m deep. ♦ The crater is being studied to find out the reason for the circular crater surrounding this hole.

    SCTIMST develops flow diverter stent to treat aneurysms

    35 days ago
    Researchers from Sree Chitra Thirunal Institute of Medical Science and Technology (SCTIMST) developed an innovative intracranial flow diverter stent. The device is used for the treatment of aneurysms of the blood vessels of the brain. Aneurysms are the enlargement of an artery caused by weakness in the arterial wall.  Flow Diverter Stent: ♦ The Flow Diverter Stent will divert blood flow away from the aneurysm when deployed in the artery in the brain bearing the aneurysms. It reduces the chances of its rupture from the pressure of blood flow. ♦ The stent has been designed to have a better grip on the walls of arteries of complex shapes in order to reduce the risk of migration of the device. ♦ The device has the advantages of being flexible and adaptable to the shape and course of the vessel.  ♦ It promotes healing of the vessel wall by removing the constant stress of blood flow on it. The spontaneous rupture of the aneurysm might result in bleeding into the space around the brain, resulting in a condition called subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). It will lead to paralysis, coma or death.

    Astronomers discovered 17 new planets

    38 days ago
    Columbia researchers have discovered 17 new planets by combing through data gathered by NASA's Kepler space telescope. The planets include a potentially habitable Earth-sized world. The researchers looked for planets, especially those lying in the potentially habitable "Goldilocks Zone" of their stars, where liquid water could exist on a rocky planet's surface. Over 16 new planets were discovered. The smallest is only two- thirds the size of the Earth one of the smallest planets to be found with Kepler data so far. The remaining planets range in size up to eight times the size of the Earth. KIC-7340288 b: ♦ The current findings include a rare planet named KIC-7340288 b.  ♦ The planet is located about a thousand light-years away ♦ The planet is one and a half times the size of the Earth  ♦ It has a year that is 142 and a half days long. It orbits its star at 0.444 Astronomical Units (AU). ♦ The planet gets about one third of the light that the Earth gets from the Sun.

    Researchers detected biggest explosion since Big Bang

    38 days ago
    Researchers have detected evidence of a colossal explosion in space which is five times bigger than anything observed before. The huge release of energy is expected to have occurred from a supermassive black hole which is located around some 390 million light-years from Earth. Also, the scientists stated that the explosion might have left a giant dent in the Ophiuchus galaxy cluster. Ophiuchus galaxy cluster: Ophiuchus galaxy cluster is a large galaxy that contains a supermassive black hole. The source of the gigantic eruption to jets has carved out a large cavity in the hot gas. The amount of energy required to create the cavity in Ophiuchus far exceeded the previous record holder, a cluster known by the designation MS 0735+74. The cluster contains thousands of individual galaxies intermingled with hot gas and dark matter.  US and European X-ray telescopes found a curved edge to it. It is suspected that it might be the wall of a cavity that had been sculpted in its plasma by emissions from a gargantuan black hole in one of the core galaxies. The theory was confirmed by a new low-frequency telescope data from the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) in Australia and the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) in India.

    Xiaomi to use ISRO's NavIC technology

    41 days ago
    Xiaomi has collaborated with ISRO to bring the space agency's Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System "NavIC technology" to its smartphones. The announcement was made by Xiaomi Global VP and MD Manu Jain. Xiaomi is the only smartphone brand to have worked with ISRO to bring tech that has been developed in the country to the fore, so far.  NavIC technology in Xiaomi: ♦ Many of the smartphones Xiaomi that are to be launched across multiple price points will support Navigation with Indian Constellation (NavIC) technology. Navic was initially supported only on some Snapdragon chipsets. ♦ The capability has been currently enabled by Qualcomm Technologies on several of its Qualcomm Snapdragon mobile platforms. ♦ This facility will be made available across multiple Xiaomi smartphones in India in 2020. ♦ The move by Xiaomi is a step further towards the Make in India initiative. Xiaomi India has enabled the usage of NavIC technology across several of its devices in 2020.  Navigation with Indian Constellation (NavIC): NacIC technology is a regional geo-positioning system designed by ISRO to provide accurate positioning in India and 1,500km around the Indian mainland. The system comprises of 7 satellites, three of which are in a geostationary orbit over the Indian Ocean and four that are in a geosynchronous orbit. The NavIC will be accurate up to 5m, which much more efficient than GPS, which is said to be accurate up to 20 to 30 meters.

    INCOIS launched 3 technological support and alert systems

    42 days ago
    The Hyderabad-based Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) launched three new technological support and alert systems on 25 February. The technology aims to significantly reduce damage and losses to fishermen, offshore oil exploration industries and coastal population during extreme weather and oceanic events. Highlights: 1) Swell Surge Forecast System: One of the products was the 'Swell Surge Forecast System'. It will provide forewarnings for the coastal population of India's vast shoreline that experiences a slew of damages caused by the swell waves. These waves originate from the distant southern Indian Ocean. This Swell Surge system can predict 'Kallakkadal' (meaning swell surge) that occurs along the Indian coast. Now, these Swell Surge can be detected 2-3 days ahead. Swell surge is the flash-flood events that take place without any apparent signature in the coastal environment or any noticeable advance change in local winds. 2) Small Vessel Advisory and Forecast Services System (SVAS): The second product which was launched is the Small Vessel Advisory and Forecast Services System (SVAS). It is an innovative impact-based advisory and forecast service system for small vessels operating in Indian coastal waters. The warning system is developed on the basis of the 'Boat Safety Index' (BSI). It was derived from wave models forecast outputs including wave height, steepness of the wave, directional spread and the rapid development of wind at sea. The SVAS can detect the potential zones where vessel overturning can take place. It provides warning 10 days in advance. It is valid for small vessels of beam width up to 7 m. This system can cover an entire range of beam widths of the fishing vessels used in all the nine coastal states and union territories (UT) of India. 3) Algal Bloom Information Service (ABIS): The third product released by INCOI is the Algal Bloom Information Service (ABIS). The system will provide timely information on harmful algal blooms. The developed system will provide service for "Detection and Monitoring of Bloom in the Indian Seas". It can be used by fishermen, marine fishery, researchers, ecologists, resource managers, and environmentalists.  Algal bloom:  An algal bloom is detrimental to coastal fisheries. It can cause respiratory problems within the coastal population from time to time. It also causes ill effects on the fishery, marine life, and water quality. Four regions that have been identified as bloom hotspots are the North Eastern Arabian Sea, coastal waters of Kerala, Gulf of Mannar and coastal waters of Gopalpur. INCOIS: Established on: 1999 Located in: Pragathi Nagar, Hyderabad The INCOIS is an autonomous organization that functions under the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES). The organizations aim to provide a number of free services to users in the marine realm.

    ISRO to launch GISAT-1 on 5 March

    42 days ago
    Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is set to launch new-age geo- imaging satellite GISAT-1 from Sriharikota on 5 March 2020. This is the first satellite to be launched in 2020.  GISAT-1: ♦ The satellite has the capability to perform real-time and constant watch of the Indian subcontinent.  ♦ The satellite weighs 2,275 kg. ♦ GISAT is an earth observation satellite that will be placed in a geosynchronous transfer orbit at 36,000km altitude.  ♦ GISAT-1 will facilitate near real-time observation of the Indian subcontinent, under cloud-free conditions, at frequent intervals.  ♦ The satellite will do the full rotation of the Earth and come to the same point after every 2 hours.  ♦ It will fast image the Earth and can perform constant and rapid surveillance. The satellite can observe a point for a longer duration if needed.

    DoT launched 5G Hackathon to promote 5G technology in India

    46 days ago
    The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) has launched the "5G Hackathon" on 21 February to promote applications relevant to India in the 5G realm. The 5G Hackathon was launched by DoT in association with several governments, academia-industry stakeholders. Aim: The hackathon is aimed to shortlist India focussed cutting edge ideas that can be converted into workable 5G products and solutions. 5G Hackathon: ♦ The Hackathon will be held in three phases beginning from 21 February. The hackathon will conclude on 16 October 2020 at India Mobile Congress. ♦ Winners of the various phases will be awarded a total prize of Rs.2.5 crores. Also, a unique opportunity to scale and implement their 5G applications to make them market-ready with the support of DoT, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and a number of leading industry, academia, Telcos/Original equipment manufacturer (OEM). ♦ 5G Hackathon will convert innovating ideas into products and solutions in different verticals and develop India specific Use cases around 5G.  ♦ Participants will be asked to develop 5G solutions from across 10 categories namely Education and Governance, AgriTech and Livestock, Healthcare, Environment, Public Safety, and Disaster Management Enterprise, Smart Cities and Infrastructure, Cyber ♦ Security, Banking, Finance and Insurance, Logistics & Transportation, Multimedia and Broadcast, among others. ♦ Developers, start-ups, students, SMEs, Stakeholders, academic institutions and registered companies in India and NRIs can participate in the event. ♦ The details of the Hackathon can be seen on the website 5G technology: 5G technology will provide over 4G in terms of peak data, rate, speed, latency, spectrum efficiency, and connection density. The special feature of the technology applications in different economic verticals.

    Researchers develop the first 3D map of novel coronavirus, leading way to vaccine

    47 days ago
    Researchers from the University of Texas have developed the first 3D atomic-scale map of the part of the virus, called the spike protein, that attaches to and infects human cells. This will lead to developing a vaccine for the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19). Spike protein: ♦ Mapping the spike protein is an essential step that can lead to developing vaccines and antiviral drugs to combat the virus. The scientists are working on a related viable vaccine candidate stemming from the research. ♦ The research revealed that coronaviruses invade cells through spike proteins. ♦ These proteins take on different shapes in different coronaviruses.  ♦ Figuring out the shape of the spike protein is the key to figuring out how to target the virus. ♦ The coronavirus uses many different proteins to invade cells. But Spike protein is the major surface protein that it uses to bind to a receptor. ♦ Once the surface protein binds with the human cell receptor, it fuses with the human cell membrane. It will allow the genome of the virus to enter human cells and begin infection. By preventing fusion, the entry of the virus into the human body can be prevented.

    ISRO to launch 10 EO satellites to boost surveillance

    50 days ago
    As per the annual report of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), the space agency is planning to launch 10 earth observation (EO) satellites with space surveillance features during 2020-21.  The space agency aims to boost space surveillance in order to keep an eye on terror launchpads along the borders, check infiltration and keep an eye on China's naval activities in the Indian Ocean Region. ISRO upcoming projects: ♦ Of the planned 10 EO satellites, only three communication satellites and 2 navigation satellites have been scheduled to be launched, starting from April 2020 to 2021 (FY 2020-21). The 10 EO satellites include the high-tech Geo Imaging Satellite GISAT-1, highly advanced radar imaging satellites RISAT-2BR2, RISAT-1A, and 2A.  ♦ The report stated that ISRO has planned 36 missions, including satellites and launchers, in 2020-21. These missions include the launch of 1 unmanned flight of Gaganyaan in 2020-21, 3 space science satellites, 1 technology demonstrator test, 2 small satellite launch vehicle demonstration tests, 10 Polar Satellite Launch Vehicles (PSLV), 3 Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV)-MkII and one GSLV-MkIII.  Note: For the FY 2019-20, of the 17 missions, six are yet to be completed and are expected to be launched by 31 March 2020.

    New Zealand unveils first AI police officer called Ella

    55 days ago
    New Zealand Police has recruited an Artificial Intelligence (AI) cop called Ella to the force. New Zealand's Intela AI and Soul Machines led the AI and digital human development of the AI cop. AI cop Ella: ♦ Ella is a life-like virtual assistant. It uses real-time animation to emulate face-to-face interaction in an empathetic way. ♦ It will be stationed in the lobby of the force's national headquarters in Wellington from 17 February. ♦ It will welcome visitors to the building, telling the staff that they've arrived, and directing them to collect their passes.  ♦ It can talk to visitors about certain issues, such as the force's non-emergency number and police vetting procedures. ♦ After reviewing its current roles, a range of new responsibilities will be added in the future.

    NASA sends a Solar Orbiter probe to map poles of the sun

    58 days ago
    The US space agency NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) are sent a new probe toward the Sun to map its poles. The aim is to help researchers grasp how the sun's vast bubble of energy affects Earth and humans in space. Solar Orbiter: ♦ The Solar Orbiter was launched atop an Atlas 5 rocket from Cape Canaveral, Florida on February 9. ♦ The satellite deployed an array of solar panels and antennas before setting off on its 10-year voyage to the Sun. ♦ It has been designed to use the gravitational influence from Earth and Venus to whip itself as close as 26 million miles from the Sun or 95% of the distance between the sun and Earth. The probe will map the sun's poles, which could allow scientists for the first time to observe the concentrated source of solar wind that permeates our solar system.

    India is developing new Swine Fever Control Vaccines

    64 days ago
    The ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research's) Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) has built up a cell culture Classical Swine Fever immunization.  Essentialness  The immunization will assist with sparing a few bunnies. This is because the present vaccine called the Lapinised CSF (Classical Swine Fever) being utilized is delivered by relinquishing an enormous number of hares. The new immunization concocted gives invulnerability for a long time when contrasted with the past antibodies that gave insusceptibility to 3 to a half year.  Need  The savage fever in pigs adds to 10% of the nation's absolute meat creation. The CSF is probably the deadliest malady of pigs that is causing a loss of Rs 400 crores to India every year. It is likewise one reason for the swine populace to decrease in 2019 when contrasted with the prior registration 2012.  Present Scenario  The complete prerequisite of the antibody in India is 22 million dosages for each year. Nonetheless, scarcely 1.2 million portions are being delivered as of now. This is because only 50 dosages can be created from a rabbit spleen.

    IAF AN-32 Lands at LEH with Indigenous Bio-Jet Fuel

    67 days ago
    IAF achieved a milestone, when an AN-32 aircraft of the Indian Air Force, powered with a 10% blend of Indian bio-jet fuel, took-off from Kushok Bakula Rimpochee Airport, Leh. It is the first time that the bio-jet indigenous fuel-powered both engines of the aircraft. The aircraft was flight tested, and its performance was validated at Chandigarh Air Base before undertaking the operational flight to Leh. IAF This successful test flight demonstrates IAF’s capabilities to absorb newer technology while sponsoring indigenization. The technology to produce this fuel was developed by CSIR-IIP in 2013 but could not be tested and certified for commercial use due to a lack of concurrent aviation test facilities in the country. In 2018, the IAF sponsored this project and channelized its human and material resources for the complete range of fuel testing. Bio-jet fuel is produced from non-edible ‘Tree Borne Oils,’ grown and procured from the tribal areas of Chhattisgarh state. IAF’s efforts would assist in reducing carbon footprint and India’s dependence on crude imports.

    World's First Transcatheter Mitral Valve Approved in Europe

    67 days ago
    The Abbott Tendyne Transcatheter Mitral Valve Implantation (TMVI) system received the European CE mark. It is the first transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) technology in the world.  Aim: The main aim is to make critical need to eliminate mitral regurgitation when surgery or mitral repair is not an option in high-risk surgical patients. This therapy treats significant mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients requiring a heart valve replacement.  Tendyne device builds upon our history of developing groundbreaking therapies that offer new treatment options for people with structural severe heart conditions who have limited treatment options. The Tendyne as a treatment option in Europe provides physicians with an additional tool that has been shown to correct MR in acutely ill patients completely, and it adds to Abbott's portfolio of life-changing and life-saving treatments. Abbott  Abbott is developing a transcatheter mitral valve to open-heart surgery. Building upon its success with the MitraClip device and many years of mitral valve experience and clinical evidence. Abbott is leading the way in the novel, transcatheter devices, by investing in the development and clinical study of minimally invasive technologies. 

    ISRO launches a low-cost satellite launch vehicles

    67 days ago
    Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) declares that it is preparing low-cost satellite launch vehicles costing around 30-35 crores rupees, each which can put into orbit satellites weighing 500 kgs. The first launch is expected to take place in the next four months from the country. The ISRO has a significant commercial boost as it will be able to cater to micro, mini, and medium segments of the market. ISRO earmarked 1,600 million Dollars for launch vehicles, of which 870 million Dollars will be for PSLV and the remaining for GSLV. Indian Space Research Organisation It is a space agency of the government of India, and vision is to harness space technology for national development. Founder: Vikram Sarabhai Founded: 15 August 1969 Headquarters: Bengaluru

    Google launches SOS Alerts for coronavirus

    68 days ago
    Google search engine directing the users searching coronavirus to systematically arranged results about safety tips, situation updates, and resources from the World Health Organisation. According to the Verge, Google announced this joint effort with the WHO. This new addition comes as a part of Google's SOS Alerts feature. The company donated a sum of 250,000 dollars through its charitable arm to the Chinese branch of Red Cross to aid the coronavirus relief work. Google  Google Search referred as Google Web Search or simply Google, is a web search engine developed by Google. Available in: 149 languages

    Today Current Affairs: NASA spacecraft breaks its own record with another swing by the sun

    69 days ago
    NASA's Parker Solar Probe took one step closer to the sun when it executed its fourth flyby of our star. This is the first such maneuver called a perihelion that the spacecraft has completed since swinging past Venus in December, a move that shrank the probe's orbit. The Parker Solar Probe's trajectory carried the warhead within about 11.6 million miles (18.6 million kilometers) of the sun, more than 3 million miles (5 million km) closer than previous flybys. The Parker Solar Probe's launch no spacecraft come within 26.5 million miles (43 million kilometers) of the sun, a record set by the Helios 2 mission in 1976. Parker Solar Probe have competition for its records anytime soon. The European Space Agency and NASA's joint mission to the sun, dubbed Solar Orbiter is currently scheduled to launch on Feb. 7. The Solar Orbiter will study the poles of the sun which are out of view of the NASA probe. Solar Orbiter carries more instruments than Parker Solar Probe does Solar Orbiter launch next month some of that probe's instruments will be turned on by the time Parker Solar Probe makes its next perihelion. Parker Solar Probe Parker Solar Probe is making a series of 24 close flybys on the sun through 2025 in order to help scientists understand how the sun work: The first three flybys, conducted in 2018 and 2019 introduced solar scientists to newfound phenomena.

    Today Current Affairs: NASA Chooses Axiom Space to Build First Habitable Commercial Module for ISS

    70 days ago
    NASA chose Axiom Space to set up at least one habitable commercial module that will be attached to the International Space Station (ISS). The module will be the first retail destination for future commercial spaceflight missions. The blade is expected to house experiments and technology developments for the space scientists. NASA is aiming to enable the development of independent retail destinations in space that can meet its needs in the low-Earth orbit (LEO).The element will attach to the space station Node 2 forward port to demonstrate its ability to provide products and services and begin the transition to a sustainable low-Earth orbit economy in which NASA is one of many customers. NASA has said that developing a commercial destination in LEO is one of the five parts of its plans to open the ISS to new commercial and marketing opportunities. Its program also includes efforts to make ISS and its crew resources available for commercial use, enable private astronaut missions to the ISS, and stimulate long term demand for these services.Axiom work to develop a commercial destination in space is a critical step for NASA to meet its long-term needs for astronaut training, scientific research, and technology demonstrations in low-Earth orbit.NASA will continue to need LEO microgravity research to make its upcoming Moon and Mars missions possible. Soon, NASA and Axiom will begin negotiations on the terms and price of the contract with a five-year base performance period and a two-year option. Axiom Space Axiom Space is led by Michael Suffredini, its President and CEO, who has served as NASA's program manager from 2005 to 2015. Axiom's team expertise in commercial utilization of microgravity, on-orbit operations, astronaut training, space financing, engineering, space system architecture/design/development, and space medicine.

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