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Last Updated: January 27, 2020 2 hours ago

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  • Today Current Affairs: China to launch its Mars probe in 2020 July

    2 hours ago
    China has announced that it is to launch its Mars probe in July 2020. The spacecraft will be launched onboard the Long March-5 Y4 carrier rocket.  Long March-5 Y4 rocket: The China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC), China's space agency, will send a probe to orbit and land and deploy a rover on Mars. It also states that the Long March-5 Y4 rocket has completed its 100-second test, which was the last engine test before the final assembly. It was tested for its high thrust hydrogen-oxygen engine. Also, the Long March-5 rocket of China is to have several missions in including the Mars probe launch and the lunar sample return.  In November 2020, China started the process of a probe hovering avoiding obstacles and descending to land on Mars. After many tests, CASC is now ready for a safe landing on Mars. CASC also simulated the gravity of Mars to test the design of the lander. Mars: Mars, also known as the Red Planet, is the 4th planet from the Sun. The red colour of the planet is due to the high concentration of iron oxide compounds in the rocks of the surface of the planet. The planet is covered with craters, channels, mountains, polar ice caps, and lowlands. The two moons of the planet are Phobos and Deimos. These rocky objects look like asteroids. China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation: Founded on: 1 July 1999 Headquarters: Beijing, China Chairman: LEI Fanpei CASC is the main agency for the Chinese space program. CASC indigenously designs, develops and manufactures launch vehicles, spacecraft, strategic and tactical missile systems, and ground equipment.

    ISRO to send half humanoid Vyommitra as a trial to space ahead of Gaganyaan mission

    4 days ago
    The Indian Space Agency Indian Space Research Organisation's (ISRO) unveiled Vyommitra, a prototype of half humanoid. ISRO has decided to send Vyommitra as a trial to space before Gaganyaan which has aimed at sending astronauts to space in an orbital spacecraft. Vyommitra will be sent ahead of the first unmanned mission under Gaganyaan. It has been designed in a way that it will simulate most of the human body functions. The half humanoid has no legs. It will try to simulate a human and report back to ISRO. Space Astronauts training: ♦ ISRO has selected 4 Indian astronauts for India's first human space mission. The training of the Indian astronauts will take place in Russia. ♦ The astronauts shortlisted for the mission will receive training for 11 months. The 4 selected astronauts for the mission are male candidates. Their identity has not been revealed yet.  ♦ The astronauts will receive module-specific training in India.  ♦ They will be trained in crew and service modules designed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), learn to operate it, work around it and do simulations.   ♦ Bahubali GSLV Mark-III, India's heaviest launch vehicle, is expected to carry astronauts to space. ♦ The Union Cabinet chaired by PM Narendra Modi approved Rs.10,000 crores for the Gaganyaan project.  ♦ Gaganyaan is the first human space mission that is conceived and developed in India.

    France is to train Indian flight surgeons for Gaganyaan mission

    5 days ago
    France is to train Indian flight surgeons to enable them to monitor the health of astronauts selected for the human space mission Gaganyaan. The announcement was released on 21 January 2020. A memorandum of understanding (MoU) regarding this is expected to be signed during French space agency CNES President Jean-Yves Le Gall's visit to India in January. Flight surgeon training: ♦ The training will be given for two-week. It is a critical aspect of the Gaganyaan project that is aimed at sending three Indians to space by 2022. ♦ The flight surgeons are the Indian Air Force (IAF) doctors specializing in aviation medicines and responsible for the health of astronauts before, during and after the flight ♦ The surgeons will be shortlisted soon. ♦ Those selected surgeons will undergo two weeks of training in France. India-France relationship: India and France share strengthened ties in the area of space. The two countries had signed a joint vision for space cooperation in March 2018. The agreement came even before Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the Gaganyaan project.

    Indian scientist Sakya Singha Sen awarded Merck Young Scientist Award 2019

    9 days ago
    Sakya Singha Sen from National Chemical Laboratory awarded as Merck Young Scientist Award 2019 for performing remarkable research in chemical science. Sen and his research team specializes in main group chemistry and involves in the synthesis of compounds with main group element and their catalytic application. The catalysts used mostly belong to precious metals platinum, palladium, iridium. These are very expensive, and their abundance in the earth is very less.This award is instituted by Merck. He is a science and technology company operating worldwide.  Merck Young Scientist Award Merck Young Scientist Award is given to researchers with less than ten years of experience with expertise in solving some of the toughest problems in chemical sciences. CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory National Chemical Laboratory is an Indian government laboratory based in Pune, in western India. Founded: 1950 Director: Ashwini Nangia

    ISRO launched GSAT-30 on 17 January from French Guiana

    10 days ago
    Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully launched India's communication satellite GSAT-30 onboard the Ariane-5 launch vehicle (VA 251) into a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO) on 17 January 2020 from Kourou launch base, French Guiana. GSAT-30: ♦ GSAT-30 weighs around 3,357kg ♦ The communication satellite aims to serve as a replacement to INSAT-4A spacecraft services with enhanced coverage ♦ The satellite is expected to provide coverage in Ku-band that covers Indian mainland and islands ♦ It has extended coverage in C-band that covers Gulf countries, a large number of Asian countries and Australia. ♦ The life span of the GSAT is 15 years ♦ The communication payload of GSAT-30 is specifically designed and optimized to maximize the number of transponders on the spacecraft bus.  ♦ The satellite will be extensively used for supporting VSAT network, DTH television services, television uplinking and teleport services, cellular backhaul connectivity, digital satellite newsgathering (DSNG), and many other applications.  ♦ One Ku-band beacon downlink signal is transmitted for ground-tracking purposes.

    A new species of bone-eating worm has been discovered in the Gulf of Mexico

    10 days ago
    Scientists discovered a new species of bone-eating worm during a study to investigate the deep ocean's ecosystem. The bone-eating worm is yet to be named. It is the first of its kind found in the Gulf of Mexico. Discovery: ♦ For the study, the scientists dropped alligator carcasses into the Gulf of Mexico. The species crawled on the corpse of an alligator on the ocean floor and completely consumed its soft tissue within 51 days. ♦ The bone-eating worm belongs to the Osedax family, a genus of deep-sea bone worms. ♦ The new species is native to the Gulf of Mexico. ♦ It has also been discovered that the clade to which the new species belongs is widely distributed from California to Japan to Antarctica ♦ Currently, there is no obvious biogeographic pattern to its discovery in the Gulf of Mexico.

    Russia to begin Gaganyaan space astronauts training by 2020 January

    11 days ago
    The Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER), Atomic Energy and Space, Dr. Jitendra Singh announced that the training for Gaganyaan space astronauts will start their training from the third week of January 2020.  Space Astronauts training: ♦ The training of the Indian astronauts for India's first human space mission will take place in Russia.  ♦ India has selected four astronauts for the human space mission. ♦ The astronauts shortlisted for the mission will receive training for 11 months. All four astronauts selected for the mission are male candidates. Their identity was not revealed.  ♦ The astronauts will receive module-specific training in India.  ♦ They will be trained in crew and service modules designed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), learn to operate it, work around it and do simulations.   ♦ Bahubali GSLV Mark-III, India's heaviest launch vehicle, will is expected to carry astronauts to space. ♦ The Union Cabinet approved Rs.10,000 crores for the Gaganyaan project.  ♦ Gaganyaan will be the first to ever human space mission conceived and developed in India. Note: The first Indian to go into space was Rakesh Sharma in 1984 but the spacecraft in which he went was not Indian spacecraft.

    ISRO to launch GSAT-30 on 17 January from French Guiana

    12 days ago
    Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is to launch a communication satellite (geosynchronous satellites) GSAT-30 onboard the Ariane-5 launch vehicle (VA 251) from French Guiana, northeastern coast of South America on 17 January 2020.  GSAT-30: ♦ GSAT-30 weighs around 3,357kg ♦ The main purpose of GSAT-30 is to serve as a replacement to INSAT-4A spacecraft services with enhanced coverage ♦ The satellite will provide Indian mainland and islands coverage in Ku-band ♦ It has extended coverage in C-band that covers Gulf countries, a large number of Asian countries and Australia. ♦ The life span of the GSAT is 15 years ♦ ISRO said the communication payload of GSAT-30 is specifically designed and optimized to maximize the number of transponders on the spacecraft bus.  ♦ The satellite would be extensively used for supporting VSAT network, television uplinking and teleport services, cellular backhaul connectivity, DTH television services, digital satellite news gathering (DSNG), and many other applications.  ♦ One Ku-band beacon downlink signal is transmitted for ground-tracking purposes.

    Scientists found the oldest material on Earth from an ancient meteorite

    13 days ago
    Scientists found a meteorite that was crashed into rural southeastern Australia in a fireball in 1969 contained the oldest material ever found on Earth. The stardust predated the formation of the solar system by billions of years. Oldest meteorite: ♦ The oldest of 40 tiny dust grains trapped inside the meteorite fragments were retrieved around the town of Murchison in Victoria state. ♦ It dated back to about 7 billion years ago which is about 2.5 billion years before the sun, Earth and the rest of the solar system formed. ♦ All of the dust specks that were analyzed in the research came from before the solar system's formation which is known as pre-solar grains. ♦ About 60% of them dated between 4.6 and 4.9 billion years old. Among the stardust, the oldest 10% dated to more than 5.6 billion years ago. ♦ The pre-solar grains from the meteorite was examined by Philipp Heck, curator of meteorites at Chicago's Field Museum. It had a piece of the meteorite in its collection. ♦ In order to separate the oldest grains from the relatively younger ones of the meteorite, scientists crushed fragments of the meteorite into a powder. It was then dissolved in acid, which left only the pre-solar particles.

    China operationalised the world's largest radio telescope, FAST

    13 days ago
    China operationalized the world's largest radio telescope in southwest China’s Guiyang city, the capital of Guizhou province. The FAST telescope is was launched after three years of trial operation. FAST telescope: ♦ The Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope (FAST) telescope is with a diameter of half-a-kilometer. It is dubbed as China Sky Eye.  ♦ The device is expected to make major scientific discoveries. ♦ FAST is 2.5 times as sensitive as the second-largest telescope in the world. ♦ It is capable of receiving a maximum of 38 gigabytes (GB) of information per second. ♦ The receiving area of the telescope is around 30 football fields. ♦ The cost of the telescope is around the US $170 million. ♦ The telescope includes a 5 km radius as the core zone, 5 km to 10 km radius as the intermediate zone and a peripheral zone that covers 10 km to 30 km in radius.

    Scientist discovered the smallest clumps of dark matter

    17 days ago
    The scientists from the University of California discovered the smallest clumps of dark matter ever identified called cold dark matter using a new technique using the Hubble Space Telescope and a feature of general relativity. This clump is 100,000 times less massive than the Milky Way galaxy's dark matter halo.  The Small dark matter clumps act as small cracks on the magnifying glass. It alters the brightness and position of the four quasar images. These clumps seemed to be between 10,000 and 100,000 times smaller than the mass of the dark matter in and around the Milky Way. Dark matter: Dark matter is formed of particles that do not reflect, absorb, or emit light, so they cannot be detected by observing electromagnetic radiation. Such matters cannot be seen directly. The dark matter exists because of the effect it has on objects that can observe directly. The dark matter in space can not be directly detected as the Universe doesn't behave entirely as per the current physics.

    Titanic wave of star-forming gases spotted in Milky Way

    18 days ago
    Scientists from Harvard University have discovered a titanic wave of star-forming gases practically in the Milky way on 7 January 2020. The astronomers reported that the massive structures are located in the Milky Way galaxy's spiral arm closest to Earth.  New star: ♦ The researchers were building a 3-D map of the Milky Way galaxy's interstellar matter using a star census gathered by Europe's Gaia spacecraft.  ♦ The star-forming gases have been spotted as a wave-shaped structure.  ♦ It is 85 quadrillion kilometres long ♦ It is home to tens of thousands of small stars and has the potential for countless more stellar births.  ♦ The scientist says that all the stellar nurseries, or starforming blobs of gas, are interconnected and forms the wavy, gassy filament.  ♦ The wave is located just 500 light-years away from the Sun.

    ISRO to set up Indian Data Relay Satellite System

    19 days ago
    ISRO is planning to set a new satellite series called the Indian Data Relay Satellite System. It aims to ring its own era of space-to-space tracking and communication of its space assets in 2020. It was announced by K. Sivan, ISRO Chairman and Secretary, Department of Space. IRDSS: ♦ The Indian Data Relay Satellite System (IDRSS) will track and be constantly in touch with Indian satellites, in particular, those in low-earth orbits (LEO) which have limited coverage of earth. ♦ This is necessary as ISRO has planned with advanced LEO missions such as space station, space docking, and distant expeditions to the moon, Mars and Venus.  ♦ IRDSS will also be useful in monitoring launches.

    ISRO proposes to set up Human Space Flight Centre in Challakere

    20 days ago
    The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has proposed a Rs.2,700 crore master plan to create a top infrastructure that will house its young Human Space Flight Centre (HSFC). The HSFC was formally announced in January 2019. It currently works from a temporary place at the ISRO headquarters, Bengaluru, Karnataka.  HSFC: ISRO has announced to set up India's world-class facility for training astronauts in three years at Challakere in Chitradurga district of Karnataka. The announcement was made by K. Sivan, ISRO Chairman and Secretary, Department of Space.  After establishing the centre, everything connected with events and planning of the Human Spaceflight Programme (HSP) will be moved to the Challakere campus. It is expected that the 400-acre ISRO land at Challakere will be the single-stop consolidating infrastructure and activities related to space travellers.  Reason to set up HSFC: India is currently paying a huge sum to Russia for the training of the first set of four astronaut candidates for the first Gaganyaan mission of 2022. Also, HSP work is split across various centres like Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre in Thiruvananthapuram and the U.R. Rao Satellite Centre in Bengaluru.

    ISRO sets up academic centre in Karnataka to provide 2 crore

    22 days ago
    The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) set up a regional academic center for space at the National Institute of Technology (NITK) at Surathkal in Karnataka's southwest Dakshina Kannada district. The center at NIT-K will conduct joint research and development in space technology applications to meet the needs of our space programs. ISRO will provide ₹ two crore grants annually to NIT for the R&D projects and promotional activities throughout the year. The space agency and the engineering institute. The agreement envisages the utilization of IIA's expertise in astrophysics and astronomy for developing advanced technologies for inter-planetary space explorations. Both the academic and research institutions will also collaborate in setting up optical telescope facilities under the Netra project for space object tracking, studying space weather, asteroids, and near-earth objects.

    Fourteen scientists awarded Swarna Jayanti Fellowships

    24 days ago
    Union Ministry of Science and Technology awarded as Swarna Jayanti Fellowships to 14 scientists to basic research in frontier areas of science and technology. The fellowship covers all the requirements for performing the research and includes a fellowship of 25 thousand rupees per month. The five lakh rupees for five years provided in addition to their salary. India's 50th year of independence, Swaran Jayanti Fellowships awarded to young and brilliant scientists to pursue unfettered research with financial freedom and flexibility. Swarna Jayanti Fellowships The Swarna Jayanti Fellowships scheme instituted by Government of India to commemorate India's fiftieth year of independence. Under this scheme, a selected number of young scientists with proven track record. The awardees supported by Department of Science & Technology, for fellowship and research.The requirements for performing the research and include a fellowship of Rs 25,000/ per month as well as a research grant of 5 lakh Rupees for 5 years in addition to their salary.  Around 443 applicants, 14 scientists have been finally selected this time for this scientist specific fellowship. 

    China launches new Alzheimer's drug treatment to cost $5,700 per year

    25 days ago
    China's new drug to treat Alzheimer's disease has hit the market, raising hopes of a cure for millions of people in the country and abroad suffering from a brain disorder. The first innovative therapy for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease in 17 years. GV-971 The drug named GV-971 officially approved on November 2 is now available in the domestic market. The CNMPA, GV-971, can treat mild to moderate forms of Alzheimer's disease and improve cognition. The drug provides new choices to patients with Alzheimer's, and continued research conducted on its long-term effects and safety. Alzheimer's disease mostly affects elderly people is regarded as an incurable, irreversible, and progressive brain disorder that slowly destroys memory thinking ability and the capability to carry out simple tasks. There are at least 50 million Alzheimer's patients worldwide, including more than 10 million in China. The numbers expected to triple to 150 million worldwide and 40 million in China by 2050, which will impose great burdens on society. The number of drugs developed by pharmaceutical companies around the globe to have survived clinical trials over the past two decades, despite the investment of hundreds of billions. Shanghai Green Valley Pharmaceuticals announced that it would invest USD 3 billion for further research on the drug, including conducting a clinical study involving more than 2,000 Alzheimer's patients in 200 clinical research centers overseas, including North America, the European Union, and the Asia-Pacific region. The research will show the drug's safety and efficiency in people of different races.

    ISRO to set up second launch port in Thoothukodi district

    25 days ago
    Indian Space Research Organisation establish a second launch port in Thoothukodi district in Tamilnadu exclusively to launch small satellite launch vehicles. ISRO Chairman K Sivan informed that this would come up in 2300 acres. The line of GPS navigation system developed by America, the Indian navigation system called Navic with the indigenous atomic clock, will be operational with mobile phone manufacturers coming forward to install the regional navigation device. Chandrayaan 3 mission to the moon comprising of a lander and a rover is approved by the Union Government. Gaganyaan India’s first human-crewed mission to outer space Gaganyaan and four men selected from Indian Air Force will leave for Russia in the third week of January to get training. The Gaganyaan mission targeted to launch by 2022. The uncrewed missions will be launched to test the crew module with robots resembling humans. This uncrewed space mission will test spacecraft re-entry technology, space capsule recovery experiment and the effect of microgravity on the crew module necessary for human space travel.

    TRAI amends new regulatory framework for cable and broadcasting services

    25 days ago
    Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) made amendments to the new regulatory framework for cable and broadcasting services with a view to protecting consumer interests. The cable TV users will be able to access more channels at lower sub ion price. Cable TV Users - Channels The Authority capped at 160 rupees the amount consumers will have to pay monthly for all free to air channels. The Consumers have highlighted huge charges taken by Distribution Platform Operators (DPOs) in the form of Network Capacity Fee -NCF for a multi-TV home. The TV connection is working in the name of one person who will charge a maximum of 40 percent of declared NCF for second and additional TV connections.TRAI reduced the maximum NCF charge to 130 rupees, excluding taxes for 200 channels. The channels declared mandatory by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting will not be counted in the number of channels in the NCF. The channels which have an MRP of 12 rupees or less will be permitted to be part of the bouquet offered by broadcasters.

    India commences world's largest ever vaccination programme to control FMD

    26 days ago
    National Animal Disease Control Programme for FMD and Brucellosis The union Government launched a new scheme National Animal Disease Control Programme for FMD and Brucellosis with a financial outlay of Rs. 13,343.00 crore for five years (2019-20 to 2023-24) by vaccinating 100% cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, and pig population for FMD and 100% bovine female calves of 4-8 months of age for brucellosis to prevent loss of Rs. 50,000 crores. This programme combined with providing unique PashuAadhar to 535 million animals   NATIONWIDE ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION PROGRAMME (NAIP) Nationwide Artificial Insemination Programme district for 600 districts in the country was recently launched by the Government in September is one of the most extensive such programs with 100% central assistance for undertaking breed improvement. T600 districts so that India achieves 70% AI coverage.Under NAIP, more than 11 lakhs AI done on 31.12.2019.   QUALITY MILK PROGRAMME DAHD launched Quality Milk Programme on 24.07.2019 with the objectives to achieve Global(Codex)standards for domestic consumption of milk and ensuring traceability & increasing share of milk and milk products in world exports. The program during 2019-20, approval has been granted for the strengthening of 231 dairy plants under the National Programme for Dairy Development scheme to equip them to detect adulterants in milk. The total cost of the project was Rs.271.64 crore. The amount of Rs.128.56 crore released to States as the first installment during 2019-20. Once implemented in June 2020, all the cooperative dairy plants of the country will be able to supply Quality Milk tested on all microbiological, chemical and physical parameters to their consumers.

    Christina Koch sets new record for Longest Spaceflight by a Woman

    27 days ago
    NASA astronaut Christina Koch set a new record for the longest single spaceflight by a woman, eclipsing the record of 288 days set by former NASA astronaut Peggy Whitson in 2016-17. Koch has six weeks to go before returning to Earth from the International Space Station (ISS). The Expedition 61 Flight Engineer has spent more than 300 days in space. Koch earlier made history in her stay aboard the orbital laboratory. The opportunity to be up here for so long is truly an honor. Koch arrived at the space station on March 14, expected to be on a typical six-month mission.NASA extended her stay partly in a bid to collect more data about the effects of long-duration spaceflight. Christina Hammock Koch Christina Hammock Koch is an American engineer and NASA astronaut of the class of 2013. Space Missions: Expedition 61, Soyuz MS-12, Expedition 60, Soyuz MS-13, Expedition 62, Expedition 59.

    Bengalurus University of Agricultural Sciences to host Indian Science Congress

    27 days ago
    University of Agricultural Sciences in Bengaluru planned to host the 107th Indian Science Congress from 3rd to 7th of January. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the conference to be attended by over 15,000 delegates, including Nobel laureates, scientists, academicians, students, farmers, among others. Indian Science Congress Association Prof. K S Rangappa informed in Bengaluru today that 1,500 scientific papers and 5700 posters in 14 scientific disciplines. 107th Indian Science Congress There are 26 plenary sessions for the science buffs. Women, Farmers, Children, and Science communicators have exclusive deliberations during this science congress. Pride of India exhibition has 130 participants exhibiting technologies, machinery, equipment, and science models. Farmers congress organized for the first time. The main focus on innovation in integrated agriculture entrepreneurship, climate change, biodiversity, agrarian distress, rural bio-entrepreneurship, and policy issues. The three Technical Sessions on Agriculture around ten innovative farmers will present their views. ISCA introduced a comprehensive mobile app ISC 2020 UASB to provide details of all the sessions.

    China successfully launches largest carrier rocket

    29 days ago
    China successfully launched the largest carrier rocket of the country, Long March-5 from Wenchang Space Launch Center in south China's Hainan Province. Long March-5 Rocket The rocket known as CZ-5 blasted off with more than 1,000 tonnes of thrust at 8.45 pm, Xinhua reported. The Chinese space authorities declared the mission a complete success just over half an hour after the lift-off when the Shijian-20 satellite it carried entered its designated orbit. The country attempted the third time to launch the rocket. The first attempt made in 2016. During the first attempt, the rocket failed to reach the speed required for the early phase of the flight.The second attempt also failed when a turbopump that injected fuel into the combustion chamber malfunctioned and the main engine died minutes after take-off. The Long March-5, China's most powerful rocket and a critical ingredient in the nation's ambitious space programme, can carry a maximum payload of 25 tonnes into low Earth orbit and 14 tonnes into geosynchronous orbit. Launch in 2020 The successful launch is a major step forward for its planned mission to Mars in 2020. It will demonstrate its heat transfer technology based on cryogenic loop heat pipes, an efficient thermal control device for space applications The satellite will test the controllable deformation of shape memory polymers which are used for the development of large variable space structures. The satellite-ground communication tests using Q/V bands, which lie between 33-75 GHz, within the extremely high frequency (EHF) area of the radio spectrum. These frequencies are used mainly for satellite communications. The test is key to the development of the next generation of high throughput satellites capable of delivering 1Tbps bandwidth for ultrafast speeds.

    BSNL gets 770 cr from Bharat Broadband Nigam to clear BharatNet vendor dues

    29 days ago
    Bharat Broadband Nigam Limited to set up an optical fiber network under the BharatNet Project paid around ₹770 crores in advance to BSNL to help the telecom firm clear dues of vendors involved in the project. The debt-ridden state-run telecom firm had requested BBNL to pay ₹1,033 crores earlier this month to clear the dues of vendors engaged in the BharatNet project. Bharat Broadband Nigam Limited (BBNL) allocated around 70 percent of rural broadband network roll-out work to BSNL. BSNL requested payment of ₹1,033 crores out of which around ₹770 crores cleared by BBNL. BSNL requested payment of ₹1,033 crores from BBNL as an advance to clear the pending liabilities of UP East and MP Circles of ₹716 crores along with telecom factory liabilities of ₹40 crores earlier this month. The vendors will be getting paid for invoices raised in December and some for the invoice raised in March 2019.

    Russia deploys its first Avangard Hypersonic missile system

    30 days ago
    Russia’s first missile unit equipped with Avangard Hypersonic glide vehicle. Russia’s defence ministry new hypersonic weapon with the latest strategic missiles of the intercontinental-range became operational. The nuclear-capable missiles can travel more than 20 times the speed of sound. The Avangard can carry a nuclear weapon of up to 2 megatons. Avangard is designed using new composite materials to withstand temperatures of up to 2,000 Celsius resulting from a flight through the atmosphere at hypersonic speeds. Avangard Avangard is known as Objekt 4202, Yu-71, and Yu-74. It is a Russian hypersonic glide vehicle that can be carried as a MIRV payload by the UR-100UTTKh, R-36M2 and RS-28 Sarmat heavy ICBMs.

    Japan govt to send warship patrol planes to protect Japanese ships in Middle East

    30 days ago
    Japan's government cleared that it will send a warship and patrol planes to protect Japanese ships in the Middle East from which it sources nearly 90% of its crude oil imports, remains volatile. The rare overseas deployment will be limited to intelligence-gathering. Japanese Merchant Ships The Japanese merchant ships and help maintain peace and stability in the region. The decision follows a series of attacks on oil tankers in the region, one was Japanese-operated. The deployment includes one destroyer, equipped with helicopters, and at least one of two P-3C patrol planes currently engaged in antipiracy operations near Somalia. The mission authorized for one year extended. The announcement follows a meeting last week in Tokyo between Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and President Hassan Rouhani of Iran among the United States blamed for attacks on tankers in the Gulf of Oman. The United States called for an international coalition to protect ships in the region, but only a few of its allies have joined that mission.

    BMTC launches new app with trip planner live bus tracking

    32 days ago
    Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation BMTC run bus service for Bengaluru and its periphery launched its new official mobile app titled My BMTC. The app can be downloaded from the Google Play Store. Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation BMTC App The app is developed by Bengaluru school student Nihar Thakkar previously made a similar app. The app made by Nihar previously relied on public information put out by the BMTC Nihar’s app shut down in July 2019 after being operational for two years. The app was shut down after the BMTC stopped sharing its data publicly over concerns misuse of data by taxi aggregators. The new app provides the estimated time of arrival of buses at a specific bus stop and shows the nearby bus stops along with route-based search options. The app also has a trip planner option, which allows commuters to plan their journey from and to locations they choose to set in the app, similar to Google Maps. Buses can also be live-tracked through the app. The daily ridership of BMTC steadily fallen over the years, from 51.3 lakh in 2014-15 to 36 lakh in 2018-19. The The length of canceled routes increased almost 200% over four years from 241.6 lakh km in 2013-14 to 717.9 lakh km in 2017-18. The app has an SOS feature for women passengers, fare chart indicator, facility to buy passes, and can be used to book BMTC buses on a casual contract basis. The feedback mechanism will also be set up, where customers can give complaints or suggestions to improve the service. The full version of the app will be ready by the end of January 2020, and will also be available in Kannada. 

    Vasu bagged Young Scientist Awards and Best Research Paper award in ISSAR National Conference

    32 days ago
    KVASU bagged Young Scientist Awards and Best Research Paper award in XXXV ISSAR National Conference held at VCRI, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu. Different talents and young scientists participated in the event. Dr. Abhilash R. S., Assistant Professor, CVAS, Mannuthy won the best research paper- in reproductive biotechnology session (RBT) oral, Dr. Rakshita, PG Student, CVAS, Mannuthy won young scientist-RBT session -oral, Dr. Niyas. E, Ph.D scholar, CVAS, Mannuthy won young scientist infertility in bovine session-oral, Dr. Gayatri.P, PG Student, CVAS, Mannuthy won young scientist- infertility session- poster. Dr. Vidya V.K, PG Student, CVAS, Mannuthy won young scientist- canine, pet, and equine session-poster. Dr. Vinayak B., PG Student, CVAS, Mannuthy won young scientists- small ruminants and swine reproduction (SRS) sessions.Dr. Vinayak B., PG Student, CVAS, Mannuthy bagged young scientist-SRS session-Poster. Dr. Nayana. Devarajan, PG Student, CVAS, Mannuthy young scientist won clinical case session-oral. Dr. C. Ibraheemkutty, Ph.D scholar, CVAS, Pookode won the best research paper-SRS session- Oral.

    Last solar eclipse of decade to be observed in parts of country

    32 days ago
    The annular solar eclipse the last one for the decade began at 7:59 this morning. It is referred to as the ring of fire - the solar eclipse or Surya Grahan initially be visible as a partial eclipse and can be viewed first from Riyadh in Saudi Arabia. India's partial eclipse will be visible from parts of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Maharashtra, and Delhi. The partial eclipse, the annular solar eclipse was visible from 9:04 am (IST). The maximum eclipse will be visible at 10.47 am and the full eclipse will be seen at the last location at the Pacific Ocean's Guam at 12:30 pm (IST). In India, the maximum duration of the annular solar eclipse will be just over 3 minutes. A solar eclipse occurs the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun for a viewer on Earth. Most years have two solar eclipses and in rare cases, there can be up to seven eclipses in a year. India, the eclipse will be visible in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Northern Mariana Islands, and Guam.

    India test fires Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile System

    33 days ago
    Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile QRSAM system by Defence Research and Development Organisation. DRDO successfully flight-tested from Integrated Test Range, Chandipur off the Odisha coast. The missile flight-tested with the full configuration in deployment mode intercepting the target mid-air, meeting the mission objectives. The entire event monitored by Ground Telemetry Systems, Range Radar Systems, Electro-Optical Tracking System. QRSAM Weapon System The QRSAM weapon system comprises of fully automated Command and Active Array Battery Surveillance Radar, Active Array Battery Multifunction Radar, and Launcher. The system is compact with a minimum number of vehicles for a firing unit. The single-stage reliable propelled missile has a midcourse inertial navigation system with a two-way data link, and a terminal active seeker developed indigenously by DRDO.The missile successfully engaged the aerial target establishing its capability. Director General (Missiles and Strategic Systems) MSR Prasad was present during the trial. The developmental trials of the weapon system completed, and the weapon system expected to be ready for induction by 2021. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and Chairman DRDO Dr. G Satheesh Reddy congratulated the teams involved in the flight trials and development of QRSAM.

    Oxygen Parlour inaugurated at Nashik Railway Station

    34 days ago
    An Oxygen Parlour opened at Nashik railway station to combat air pollution. Aim: To provide an experience of breathing clean air to the commuters. The initiative comes with the efforts of the Air Guard in collaboration with the Indian Railways. The Oxygen Parlour totally based on the recommendation of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). NASA conducted a study in which they identified some plants that better absorb the five most harmful pollutants from the air. The reach of this initiative and help improve the air quality across the country. The commuters at the railway station also commended the effort as a positive step towards combating air pollution in the cities across the country. This is a reasonable effort towards improving air quality. I think that there should be such parlors in all the polluted areas and railway station.

    Nityanand Rai inaugurates DNA Analysis Centre at CFSL Chandigarh

    34 days ago
    Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Nityanand Rai inaugurated a State-of-the-Art DNA Analysis Centre at CFSL, Chandigarh. This new Advanced Forensic DNA Analysis Lab set up under the Nirbhaya Fund scheme with an allocation of Rs.99.76 crores. The State-of-the-art facility for  Sexual Assault and Homicide Unit  Paternity Unit  Human Identification Unit and Mitochondrial DNA Unit.  Directorate of Forensic Science Services DFSS ensured that this Centre fully equipped with modern DNA Profiling tools and equipment. The Advanced Forensic DNA Analysis facility capacity of examining 2000 cases per year. This facilitates a modern, responsive criminal justice system. The specialized training in the collection of forensic evidence undertaken by the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPRD).The highest priority to women safety in the country and apart from introducing stringent penalties in law several measures initiated in this regard include operationalization of 112 universal emergency services in 28 States/UTs of Safe City. The Directorate of Forensic Science Services under the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has set up Central Forensic Science Laboratories (CFLs) in the country. These are situated at Bhopal (Madhya Pradesh), Chandigarh, Guwahati (Assam), Hyderabad (Telangana), Pune (Maharashtra), and Kolkata (West Bengal). The latest developments in basic sciences for forensic analysis and disseminate this information to the other Forensic Science Laboratories.About 200 invitees including Directors of Central and State FSL from the entire country, Senior Police/Judicial Officers, Professors, Doctors from various Universities/Hospitals, Senior Officers from the scientific organizations participated in this event.

    President Ram Nath Kovind releases mobile app of Red Cross Society of India

    34 days ago
    President of India Shri Ram Nath Kovind visited Secunderabad, Telangana, his annual southern sojourn at Rashtrapati Nilayam from December 20 to 28, 2019. President launches a mobile app of the Indian Red Cross Society, Telangana State Branch at Raj Bhavan, Hyderabad. On December 25, 2019, President will visit the Vivekananda Rock Memorial and Vivekananda Kendra in Kanniyakumari.The President will host a reception for senior dignitaries. Mobile App: The mobile app of the Red Cross Society of India in Hyderabad. This app developed by the Telangana Centre for Good Governance in less than three months. The mobile app is accessible in all languages. The developers informed that access to the blood bank and Red Cross membership become comfortable with the launching of the mobile app. Around 13 lakh members, including junior red cross members, downloaded the app. The developers informed that the access to blood bank and Red Cross membership would become easy with the launching of the mobile app. 

    Alphabet CEO Sundar Pichai awarded $242 million pay package

    36 days ago
    Alphabet and Google chief executive officer (CEO) Sundar Pichai take home a stock package worth $240 million on top of a $2 million annual salary in 2020. He named the CEO of Alphabet this month as the co-founders decided to relinquish their current positions in Alphabet, the parent company of the online search giant. That made India-born Sundar Pichai the CEO of both Google and Alphabet. He received a substantial raise to $2 million a year starting January 1. The compensation package is being given in recognition of Sundar Pichai's expanded role as CEO of Alphabet and Google.   He took $120 million and $30 million tied to performance but subject to his continued employment.Google co-founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin decided to relinquish their current positions in the parent company Alphabet earlier this month.He will continue their involvement as co-founders, shareholders and members of Alphabet's board of directors. Sundar Pichai He joined Google in 2004 and helped lead the development of Google Toolbar and then Google Chrome, grew to become the world's most popular internet browser. He focused on developing products and services, powered by the latest advances in Artificial Intelligence (AI), that offer help in moments big and small.Sundar Pichai, who grew up in Chennai and studied engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), holds a master's degree from Stanford University and an MBA degree from the Wharton School.

    Ethiopia launches its first satellite

    37 days ago
    Ethiopia launched its first satellite. It is a landmark achievement for the country's space program that caps a banner year for the African space industry. The Ethiopian Remote Sensing Satellite (ETRSS) took place at a space station in China. The African space programs the eighth launch of an African satellite this year, topping the previous record of seven in 2017. Ethiopia Ethiopia is the eleventh African country to put a satellite into space. Egypt was the first country in 1998 to launch a satellite. The data provided by Ethiopia's satellite is expected to paint a fuller picture of the country's agriculture, forestry, and mining resources and improve responses to flooding and other disasters. The launch makes Ethiopia the 11th African country to put a satellite into space. Egypt was the first in 1998. China covered most of the $8 million costs of the satellite, The space program originally championed by private individuals who formed the Ethiopian Space Science Society in 2004. The government established the Ethiopian Space Science and Technology Institute in 2016. Satellites Launched Around 41 African satellites launched only 38 from individual countries and three more different regions.

    Afghanistan recognizes Indian Pharmacopoeia

    38 days ago
    The National Department of Regulation of Medicines and Health Products of the Ministry of Public Health of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan organized the Indian Pharmacopoeia (IP). Afghanistan became the first country to recognize IP pursuant to the efforts of the Department of Commerce, and the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. It will also be used based on the requirement as reputable pharmacopoeia in the laboratory of medicines and health products quality. Indian Pharmacopoeia: ♦ IP is an officially recognized book of standards as per the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940, and Rules 1945 thereunder ♦ It specifies the standards of drugs manufactured and marketed in India in terms of their purity, identity, and strength ♦ It ensures the quality of medicinal products, the legal and scientific standards that are provided by the Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC) ♦ The Second Schedule of the Drugs and Cosmetics Act designates IP as the official book of standards for drugs imported and/or manufactured for sale, stock or exhibition for sale or distribution in India.

    WHO approved a biosimilar medicine for breast cancer

    39 days ago
    The World Health Organization (WHO) has now approved a biosimilar medicine that is derived from living sources instead of the chemicals. The aim is to make breast cancer treatment affordable to women globally. This approval from WHO is first of such kind. Biosimilar version of Trastuzumab: ♦ The Trastuzumab drug has proved high efficacy in curing early-stage breast cancer and in some cases more advanced forms of the disease. The annual cost of the drug is $20,000. This high amount makes it out of reach of many women and healthcare systems in most countries. ♦ The biosimilar version of Trastuzumab is 65% cheaper than the original.  ♦ The drug is cheaper but equally effective biotherapeutic medicines are produced from biological sources such as cells rather than synthesized chemicals.  ♦ The drugs are generally manufactured by companies after the patent on the original product has expired.

    A start to be named after Indian Woman Scientist

    40 days ago
    The International Astronomical Union (IAU) has accepted to name a white-yellow star in Sextans constellation and its Jupiter-like exoplanets. Until now, the stars were called HD 86081 and 86081b. The star will be named Bibha and the orbiting exoplanet will be named Santamasa, a Sanskrit term for clouded. The move by IAU is aimed to bring the attention of the global countries to exoplanet research. Bibha: Bibha Chowdhuri is a 20th-century Indian woman physicist.  International Astronomical Union (IAU): Formed on: 28 July 1919 Headquarters: Paris, France Membership: 82 national members and 13,701 individual members President: Ewine van Dishoeck General Secretary: Maria Teresa Lago

    Researchers extracted air dating back to the 1870s in Antarctica

    42 days ago
    A team of researchers has extracted more than 194 cubic feet of air that was trapped beneath the surface ice in Antarctica. The samples represented the largest collection of air dating from the 1870s. It is expected that the air samples will help to learn more about the composition of the atmosphere throughout history. It will help to measure the changes in the amount of greenhouse gases (GHG). Analysis: The researchers drilled 6  boreholes across a half-mile stretch of Antarctica. They extracted around 11,000 pounds of ice in columnar segments. It released over 194 cubic feet of gas that provided a pure atmospheric sample ranging from 1875 to 2010. The team took over 5000 kgs of ice samples back to a laboratory for research purposes. The ice was melted in a specially designed vacuum chamber which was surrounded by water set to 122 degrees Fahrenheit. It will help them to analyze how much hydroxyl is there in the environment at different points over the last 150 years. Hydroxyl is called as detergent gas as it can break down other GHG and reform itself. It is a very short-lived gas and it is hard to directly measure its presence.

    NASA select site Nightingale for observation

    43 days ago
    NASA has finally selected a sample collection site on asteroid Bennu after the arrival of OSIRIS-REx spacecraft in December 2018. The OSIRIS-Rex mission team has selected the site designated Nightingale, which is located in a crater high in Bennu's northern hemisphere. The team has also selected site Osprey of Bennu as a backup sample collection site. Site-selection: OSIRIS-REx spacecraft mapped the entire asteroid in order to identify the safest and most accessible spots for the spacecraft to collect a sample so far. The team evaluated close-range data from four candidate sites in order to identify the best option for the sample collection. After the complete study and analysis of the four candidate sites, the team selected a site that has the greatest amount of fine-grained material and how easily the spacecraft can access that material and keep the spacecraft safe.  Site Nightingale: Site Nightingale is located in a northern crater 460 feet wide of the asteroid. As per the observation, Nightingale's regolith or rocky surface material is dark, and images show that the crater is relatively smooth. As the site is located so far north, the temperatures in the region are lower than elsewhere on the asteroid and the surface material is well-preserved. OSIRIS-REx sample collection has been scheduled for the latter half of 2020. The spacecraft is expected to return the asteroid samples to Earth on 24 September 2023.

    BEE organized the International Workshop on Energy Efficient Cooling

    44 days ago
    Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), Ministry of Power, conducted an International Workshop on Energy Efficient Cooling from 12-13 December 2019  at Scope Convention Centre, New Delhi. It was organized as a part of the Energy Conservation Week that was observed from 9-14 December 2019. Organized by: The workshop was conducted by BEE in association with the International Energy Agency (IEA) under the SEAD initiative of Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM). Workshop highlights: ♦ The workshop served as a platform for global experts, industries, and policymakers to explore opportunities to accelerate deployment of energy-efficient cooling, across different sectors and establishments.  ♦ The main objective of the workshop was to chart out steps towards accelerating the development and deployment of efficient cooling appliances, equipment, and systems.  ♦ The workshop helped to explore policies, technologies, innovation, new approaches and business models across space cooling and cold chains.  ♦ It highlighted the action plans, international best policy practices, measures to stimulate innovation and deliberations on steps forward.  ♦ The initiatives and knowledge sharing sessions are aimed to frame the best policies and support industry bodies to adopt technologies from across the globe. Participants: Various delegates involving regulatory bodies, policymakers, Government officials, Public sector undertakings (PSUs), etc. from across the world participated in the workshop.

    ISRO launched RISAT-2BR1 with nine commercial satellites

    46 days ago
    ISRO launched the RISAT-2BR1 satellite on 11 December 2019. India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) launched RISAT-2BR1, the fiftieth flight (PSLV-C48), along with nine commercial satellites from Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR, Sriharikota. RISAT-2BR1 was injected successfully into an orbit of 576 km. Also, nine commercial satellites were injected into their respective orbits. Along with this, the two solar arrays of RISAT-2BR1 were deployed automatically. The ISRO Telemetry Tracking and Command Network at Bengaluru has assumed the control of the satellite. It will be brought to the final operational configuration. RISAT-2BR1: ♦ RISAT-2BR1 is a radar imaging satellite.  ♦ It is dubbed as a spy satellite.  ♦ The mission life span of RISAT-2BR1 is 5 years. ♦ The satellite weighs about 628 kg ♦ It can take pictures of the earth during day and night even under cloudy conditions.  ♦ The satellites will help monitor the border 24/7 along with checking infiltration ♦ It will keep an eye on terror or anti-national activities across the borders ♦ The satellite aims to provide services in the field of Forestry, Agriculture, and Disaster Management.  ♦ ISRO also plans to launch radar imaging satellite 2BR2 with synthetic aperture radar after the launch.

    Airtel launches Wi-Fi calling service in Delhi-NCR

    48 days ago
    Bharti Airtel launched the Wi-Fi calling service for its subscribers. The service is currently rolling out in Delhi-NCR, gradually implemented in other cities. This service will significantly enhance indoor calling services without incurring any extra charges. Airtel Wi-Fi to enhance voice calling experience for Airtel smartphone customers, especially when they are indoors.  The Airtel Wi-Fi Calling, customers with Wi-Fi at home or office will get excellent signal quality indoors.  There will be no extra charge for calls made over Airtel Wi-Fi Calling, and the application consumes minimal data. The service is currently available to Airtel customers in Delhi NCR. This service is presently compatible with Airtel Xstream Fiber home broadband and will soon be compatible with all broadband services and Wi-Fi hotspots. Bharati Airtel It is an Indian global telecommunications services company based in Delhi. It operates in 18 countries across South Asia and Africa.

    Diabetic population is close to hitting alarming mark of 69.9 million by 2025 in India

    49 days ago
    Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa Rigpa and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) reported that the diabetic population in the country is close to hitting the alarming marks of 69.9 million by 2025. It is expected to witness an increase of 266%. It was stated by Minister of State for Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy Shripad Naik. NBRMAP-DB: ♦ The Central of Research in Ayurveda Sciences (CCRAS), that functions under the Ministry of AYUSH, has been engaged in extending research-oriented Ayurveda based or integrative health care services for the management of Madhumeha, which is Diabetes Mellitus.  ♦ The research centre Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) engaged with CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal & Aromatic Plants (CSIR-CIMAP), Lucknow and CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute (CSIR-NBRI), Lucknow and developed NBRMAP-DB, a scientifically validated herbal product, as anti-diabetic formulation.  ♦ The know-how NBRMAP-DB was licensed to AIMIL Pharma Ltd, Delhi. AIMIL is manufacturing and marketing it as BGR-34 in India.

    Israeli students to launch self-made satellite from Sriharikota on 11 December

    49 days ago
    Three youngsters, Alon Abramovich, Meitav Assulin and Shmuel Aviv Levi, from an Israeli school, will travel to India to launch a satellite, Duchifat 3. The three 17 to 18 years old are the students of Sha'ar HaNegev High school in Israel's southern region. The satellite was designed and built by the students aboard PSLV C48 from ISRO's Sriharikota launch site. The satellite is to be launched on 11 December. Duchifat 3: ♦ Duchifat 3 is the third satellite made by the Israeli student. ♦ The satellite was jointly built by Herzliya Science Center and Sha’ar Hanegev High School students.  ♦ The satellite was designed to serve children from across the country to observe the Earth. ♦ It is an imaging satellite that will be used for ecological research of Earth from space.  ♦ The size of the satellite is 10x10x30 cm and weighs 2.3 kg.  ♦ The satellite will provide good help to agriculturists. ♦ The students worked on the project for almost two and a half years. The work included satellite planning, writing the airborne and ground software and testing it up for satellite launch.

    ISRO to set up space technology cells in Indian premier engineering and science colleges

    51 days ago
    The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) announced the setting up of five Space Technology Cells (STCs) at India's premier engineering and science colleges. The Indian Space Agency aims to build new applications, conduct space research, and high-end technology.  ISRO has established STCs at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) campuses in, Bombay, Kanpur, Madras and Kharagpur, Bengaluru's Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and at the Joint Research Programme with Savitribai Phule Pune University (SPPU). ISRO-IITs: ♦ ISRO relies on the development of cutting edge technology in collaboration with Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) in the areas of space science, space applications and space technology. ♦ Apart from IITs in Bombay, Kanpur, Madras, and Kharagpur, ISRO is working with IISc and Pune University. ♦ ISRO is also working with startups such as Bellatrix Aerospace, Aniara Communications, Satsure.

    ISRO to launch RISAT 2BR1 on 11 December

    54 days ago
    ISRO has planned to launch sharp-eyed surveillance satellite RISAT-2BR1 (Radar Imaging Satellite-2) with synthetic aperture radar (SAR) on 11 December 2019. RISAT-2BR1: ♦ RISAT-2BR1 is a radar imaging satellite.  ♦ It is dubbed as a spy satellite.  ♦ It can take pictures of the earth during day and night even under cloudy conditions.  ♦ The satellites will help 24/7 border surveillance along with checking infiltration ♦ It will keep an eye on terror or anti-national activities across the borders ♦ ISRO also plans to launch radar imaging satellite 2BR2 with synthetic aperture radar after the launch. 

    UNDP launched Accelerator Lab in New Delhi

    58 days ago
    United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) launched Accelerator Lab in New Delhi, India. With this lab, India will be among the 60 global ones that will test, find, and try to scale up innovative solutions that can help combat both climate change and social inequity. Aim: UNDP aims to address some of the major issues, like air pollution, through innovation. It aims to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set by the UN with 2030. Accelerator Lab: ♦ For the Accelerator Lab initiative, India will be partnering with Germany and Qatar ♦ The laboratory will be set up in the UNDP office, New Delhi. It has partnered with the Indian government's Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) to achieve the objectives. ♦ The Lab will seek to bring in their energy together to come up with solutions for common problems facing the country. ♦ The laboratory will address issues including sustainable water management and client-resilient livelihoods. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP): Formed on: 22 November 1965 Headquarters: New York, The US Administrator: Achim Steiner Parent: UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) UNDP is responsible to provide advice, training and grants support to developing countries. It focus to increase the emphasis on assistance to the least developed countries.

    ISRO transferred space grade Li Ion cell technology to BHEL

    59 days ago
    Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) transferred its indigenous technology to produce space-grade lithium-ion cells (Li-ion cells) to Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) as per the TTA signed in March 2018. BHEL is setting up the Li-Ion production facility near Bangalore in Karnataka. The announcement was given by the Union Minister of Atomic Energy and Space Dr. Jitendra Singh. BHEL's new facility: BHEL has procured and commission the various equipments, both indigenous and imported, to establish the facility. After the agreement, ISRO has provided all technical documentation that will be needed to establish the production plant and hands-on training in various production activities for BHEL staff at ISRO's facilities. As per the Technology Transfer Agreement, space-grade Li-Ion cells manufactured by BHEL are meant for meeting the national requirements only.  However, BHEL can also sell the space-grade Li-Ion cells to parties outside India after obtaining prior written consent from ISRO. Background: In March 2018, BHEL signed the Technology Transfer Agreement (TTA) with ISRO to acquire the Li-ion Cell production technology. The TTA was signed at ISRO Headquarters, Bengaluru. The production facility will target to meet the Li-Ion Cell requirements for ISRO and other strategic sectors.  With this TTA, BHEL can produce and sell Li-Ion cells to meet the other national and commercial applications by modifying the space-grade cell as per the requirement. It is expected that it can lead to cost reduction. Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL): Founded in: 1964 Headquarters: New Delhi, India Chairman & MD: Nalin Shinghal BHEL is owned by the Government of India. It is an engineering and manufacturing company. It is the power generation equipment manufacturer in India. Note: ISRO uses Li-Ion batteries as power sources for satellite and launches vehicle applications. Li-ion has a high energy density, reliability, and long cycle life.

    Researchers discovered a massive black hole in the Milky Way

    60 days ago
    Researchers from the National Astronomical Observatory of China have discovered a black hole in the Milky Way. The black hole is so huge that it challenged the existing models of the evolution of stars. The black hole was discovered by an international team of scientists using China's sophisticated Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fibre Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST) telescope. LB-1: ♦ The black hole, LB-1, is located 15,000 light-years away from Earth ♦ LB-1 has a mass 70 times greater than the Sun ♦ The large mass of LB-1 falls into a range known as the pair-instability gap ♦ The size of LB-1 was confirmed by two other world's largest optical telescopes namely Spain's Gran Telescopio Canarias and the Keck I telescope in the United States.

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