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Last Updated: January 21, 2021 11 hours ago

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  • Quantum Computing Application Lab by GoI and Amazon Partnership

    11 hours ago
    The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, in cooperation with Amazon Web Services, will establish a quantum computing application laboratory. The laboratory will determine the quantum computing problems faced by the central government, state governments, and research institutions.  Highlights: ♦ Proposals selected from these entities will have access to Amazon Web Services to use Amazon's computing cloud platform. In addition, it will provide access to simulators and programming tools for free. ♦ Quantum technology is completely based on the principles of quantum physics. In other words, it is based on quantum theory.  ♦ In short, it is the behavior of energy and materials at the atomic and subatomic level. This will help achieve information processing beyond the classical world. Conventional computers will process bit by bit. On the other hand, quantum computers will process qubits. ♦ National quantum technology and application tasks will be performed by the Ministry of Science and Technology under the Ministry of Science and Technology. ♦ The focus of this visit is on basic science, technological development, and solving issues related to national priorities. ♦ It will prepare the next generation of technical talents, encourage entrepreneurship and initiate the development of the ecosystem. ♦ The 2020-21 alliance budget has proposed to spend 80 billion rupees to the national quantum technology and application delegation.

    Climate Change to Alter its Position

    11 hours ago
    Researchers at the University of California recently predicted that future climate change will cause uneven movement of tropical rain belts. This could threaten the food security of billions of people.  Highlights: ♦ According to this study, the transfer of tropical rain belts in the Indian Ocean and East Africa will cause drought pressure in Southeast Africa and Madagascar. In addition, it will increase flooding in southern India.  ♦ The tropical rain belt spreads south to the Atlantic and East Pacific and will cause even greater droughts in Central America. ♦ Tropical rain belts are areas with abundant rainfall around tropical regions. It is largely a manifestation of ITCZ (Tropical Convergence Zone). ♦ From October to March, tropical rain belts are located in the southern hemisphere of the Indian Ocean and Western Pacific. ♦ During this period, the northern tropics were dry. Between April and September, tropical rain belts occur in the northern hemisphere, while the southern hemisphere becomes dry. ♦ The conveyor belt moves between the equator and the fifteenth parallel north (south) latitude. Near these latitudes, a drought and a wet season occurred. On the other hand, since the belt crosses the equator twice, there are two wet seasons and two dry seasons at the equator. ♦ The air in the tropics is warming rapidly. The warm air rises. As the hot air rises, the cold air takes up the empty space.  ♦ As more and more cold air replaces warm air, tropical regions lose their ability to retain moisture. As a result, the excess water turned into showers and thunderstorms. This is the main reason for the abundant rainfall in the tropics. Due to the windless weather, the area was called "Doldrums" by sailors. This is the area where the southeast and northeast trade winds meet.

    Abell 370 Picture Shared by NASA

    11 hours ago
    NASA recently shared photos of the huge galaxy cluster named Abell 370. It is a cluster of galaxies four billion light-years away from the earth. The galaxy cluster is located in a constellation called Cetus. Highlights: ♦ The core of Abell 370 is composed of hundreds of galaxies. The galaxy was catalogued by George Abell, hence the name. ♦ Abell 370 has several beams of light. These arcs are phantoms created by gravitational lensing on dark and huge objects between the observer and the distant galaxy. ♦ The Abell 370 galaxy cluster was first discovered in 2002 using the lensing effect. ♦ When the light from a galaxy (located at a great distance) passes through a large number of objects, the gravitational force from these objects can bend or twist them. This is called a gravitational lens. ♦ Cetus is a sea monster in Greek mythology. The constellation Cetus is located in the sky area, and other constellations such as Pisces, Aquarius and Eridanus are also located in this area. ♦ There are fourteen stars in the constellation of Cetus. Mira is the first star discovered in the constellation Cetus. The constellation Tau Ceti is the closest star to the sun. ♦ Abell 370 Galaxy is also nicknamed The Dragon by NASA scientists. This is mainly because, in 2009, a study of Abell 370 revealed a group of galaxies in the background of star clusters. The group is regarded as a twisted dragon by the swarm. The head of the dragon is made of a spiral galaxy. These galaxies are 5 billion light-years away from each other. ♦ Spiral galaxies are a type of Milky Way galaxy, consisting of a central concentration of stars called bulges and a flat rotating disk containing gas, stars, and dust. The Pinwheel Galaxy is a spiral galaxy.

    IMD May Introduce A New Monsoon Models

    12 hours ago
    The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) may introduce a new monsoon pattern in 2021 to better predict changes in rainfall. Highlights: ♦ Three different models can be tested this year. ♦ Two of them are dynamic models and one is statistical models. ♦ In the former, the climate of any day is simulated on a supercomputers, and meteorologists observe changes in daily output. ♦ The other is a traditional statistical model, which equates the relationship between physical parameters (such as sea surface temperature, snowfall, land temperature, etc.) with the actual rainfall observed in the past. ♦ The three models under consideration are: ♦ 12 kinds of global circulation models (dynamic), whose output will be merged into one model; ♦ A model that measures rainfall based on tropical sea surface temperature (developed by Professor Sumant Nigam, University of Maryland, USA). ♦ Statistical models based on climate variables observed during the pre-monsoon. ♦ All of these are smaller models and combine them to get an average value. ♦ This year will continue to use traditional statistical models.

    DRDO Handed Over The Motor Bike Ambulance Rakshita To CRPF

    2 days ago
    DRDO handed over the Motor Bike Ambulance “Rakshita” to CRPF. Highlights: ♦ Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences (INMAS) of the DRDO Laboratory in Delhi handed over Rakshita to the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF). ♦ This is a bike-based emergency vehicle for transportation of the wounded. ♦ Rakshita is equipped with a custom-made reclining Casualty Evacuation Seat (CES), which can be installed and removed as required. ♦ The bike ambulances will help overcome the problems faced by Indian security forces and emergency health care providers. ♦ It will provide life-saving assistance to rescue injured patients from evacuating low-intensity conflict areas. ♦ This bike ambulance is not only useful for paramilitary forces and military forces, but also useful in potential civilian areas.

    Mukundpura CM2 Geological Survey

    2 days ago
    A new study by the Geological Survey of India revealed that Kolkata revealed the mineralogy of the meteorite that fell in Mukundpura village near Jaipur in 2017. Highlights: ♦ The meteorite named Mukundpura CM2 is classified as a carbonaceous chondrite. ♦ The composition of carbonaceous chondrites is also similar to that of the Sun. ♦ This is a stony meteorite, considered the most primitive meteorite, and the first solid remnant accumulated in the solar system. ♦ Meteorites are roughly divided into three categories-stony (rich in silicate), iron (Fe-Ni alloy) and stony iron (silicate-iron mixed alloy). ♦ Chondrites are meteorites containing silicate droplets. This Mukundpura chondrite is the fifth known carbonaceous meteorite in India. ♦ The results of the Mukundpura CM2 study are related to the surface composition of the near-Earth asteroids Ryugu and Bennu.

    GI Tag for Gucchi Mushroom

    2 days ago
    Jammu and the Kashmir government sought a GI label for Gucci mushrooms. Gucchi mushrooms are expensive and good for health. The price of 500 grams of Gucchi mushrooms is 18,000 rupees. Recently, GI tags were provided to saffron in Jammu and Kashmir. Highlights: ♦ Gucchi mushroom is a fungus belonging to the Morchellaceae family. They are light yellow, with large ridges and pits on the hat.  They grow on large white stems. Gucchi mushrooms are called "Thuntoo" locally. ♦ Gucchi mushrooms prefer limestone-based soils. They also grow in acid soil. Gucci mushrooms are usually found in early spring. ♦ They are called "May mushrooms" in North America. The fruiting time of mushrooms varies from February to July. In Canada, they only appeared after June. ♦ Gucci mushrooms cannot be grown commercially. They grow in the coniferous forests of North Akanchar, Himalayas, Chamu and Kashmir. It takes villagers several months to collect these mushrooms, dry them and bring them to the market.  ♦ Gucchi mushrooms grow in clusters on rotting wood, humus soil and leaves of logs. They may not grow in the same place next season. This makes the collection process more cumbersome. For these reasons, Gucchi mushrooms are very expensive. ♦ Gucci mushrooms cannot be grown commercially due to their germinating nature. They germinate and grow in low temperature soil. They usually appear after a fire. The fruit of Gucchi mushroom requires alkaline conditions, that is, wood ash is mixed with water. These standards make Gucci's commercial cultivation extremely challenging. ♦ Gucchi mushrooms are rich in nutrients like vitamins, potassium and also rich in copper. They are also rich in vitamin D. In addition, they are also rich in antioxidants, which can prevent health problems such as heart disease and diabetes.

    Sulfur Dioxide Emission Norms Delayed

    13 days ago
    The Ministry of Power has proposed to postpone the deadline for coal-fired power plants to adopt the new emission standards, stating that an " an unworkable time schedule" will burden utilities and cause a rise in power tariffs. Background: India initially set a 2017 deadline for thermal power plants to comply with emission standards for installing Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD) devices to reduce toxic sulfur dioxide emissions. This was later changed to varying deadlines for various regions, ending in 2022. Flue Gas Desulphurisation (FED): Removal of sulphur dioxide is named as Flue-gas Desulphurization (FGD). Seek to remove gaseous pollutants viz. SO2 generated from exhaust flue gas generated in furnaces, boilers and other industrial processes due to thermal processing, treatment and combustion. Proposal for the Ministry of Power: ♦ A "graded action plan" was proposed, during which the areas where plants are located are going to be graded consistently with the severity of the pollution, where Region 1 refers to the heavily polluted areas and Region 5 is the least polluted areas. ♦ The plants in Region 2 can start taking action one year after the plants in Region 1. ♦ Currently, power plants located under Region 3, 4 and 5 do not need to take any measures. ♦ According to the Ministry, the target should be to take care of consistent ambient air quality across the country, and not uniform emission norms for thermal power plants. ♦ This can avoid an instantaneous increase in power prices in various relatively clean areas of the country (and) avoid unnecessary burdens on power utilities/users.  

    Science Technology and Innovation Policy Finalized

    13 days ago
    The 5th National STIP (Science Technology and Innovation Policy) has been finalized and is out there for public consultation. Highlights: ♦ The STIP (Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy), 2020 formulation process are getting to be facilitated by the Principal Scientific Adviser to the GoI (Government of India) and thus the Department of Science and Technology (DST) ♦ The policy was formulated, employing a decentralized, bottom-up, and inclusive design process, aimed toward re-setting priorities, sectoral focus, and methods for research and technology development methods to realize greater socio-economic benefits ♦ Due to the COVID-19 and its impact on the economy and life, the planning of STIP 2020 is integrated with Atmanirbhar Bharat. ♦ The STIP 2020 formulation process is getting to be six-months long and has been organised into 4 highly interlinked tracks: ♦ Track 1: It involves public and expert consultation process through the Science Policy Forum. ♦ Track 2: Thematic consultations promoted by experts, incorporating evidence-based recommendations into the policy drafting process. to the present end, 21 thematic groups were formed. ♦ Track 3: Involves extensive intra-state and departmental consultations with various ministries and states. ♦ Track 4: It constitutes the very best level of multi-stakeholder consultation.

    Inviting Applications For Auction of Spectrum

    13 days ago
    The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) inviting Applications for auction of Spectrum. Highlights: ♦ The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) has issued a Notice Inviting Application (NIA) for auction of spectrum in the 700 MHz, 800 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 2100 MHz, 2300 MHz and 2500 MHz frequency bands. ♦ The auction spectrum is valid for 20 years. ♦ There is an option of payment in instalments for successful bidders. ♦ The auction format is a Simultaneous Multi-Round Ascending (SMRA) e-auction. ♦ The auction is planned to be held in March 2021 and will be conducted online.

    Swasth Vayu Non-Invasive Ventilator Receives Regulator Nod

    14 days ago
    The Swasth Vayu non-invasive ventilator developed by CSIR-NAL won the nod regulator award. Swasth Vayu non-invasive ventilator is a non-invasive bi-level positive airway pressure ventilator designed and developed indigenously. Highlights: ♦ The ventilator also has other functions for treating COVID-19 patients. ♦ It is a precise closed-loop adaptive control system based on a microcontroller, with a built-in biocompatible "3D printing manifold and coupler" and a HEPA filter (high efficiency particulate air filter). ♦ These unique features help alleviate the fear of the spread of the virus. It has functions such as CPAP, Bi-Timed, spontaneous / AUTO mode, and can be connected to an oxygen concentrator or concentration unit from the outside. ♦ The performance of the equipment been evaluated by an expert committee composed of the Director-General of Health Services, Health & Family Welfare Ministry of the Government of India. ♦ After careful evaluation, the expert committee concluded that Swasth Vayu can be used for COVID-19 patients who need supplemental 35% oxygen. ♦ CSIR-NAL has commercialized the technology with six private companies, one of which (belonging to the MSME category) has established a production facility of nearly 300 units per week. CSIR-NAL: The National Aerospace Laboratory (NAL) is a component laboratory of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) of India, and is the only government aerospace R&D laboratory in the civil sector. CSIR-NAL is a high-tech organization dedicated to advanced disciplines in aerospace. NAL was established in 1959 and is located in Bangalore, Karnataka. The mission of CSIR-NAL is to develop aerospace technology with strong scientific knowledge, design and manufacture small & medium-sized civil aircraft, & support all national aerospace programs.

    IMD issues a statement on Climate of India

    15 days ago
    Indian Meterology Department (IMD) issues a statement on Climate of India during 2020. Since the begining of national records in 1901, 2020 is the eighth hottest year on record. However, this is much lower than the highest temperature increase in India in 2016. Highlights: ♦ The monsoon and post-monsoon seasons with abnormal average temperatures are the main cause of this warming. ♦ According to data from 1961 to 2010, the national annual rainfall in 2020 is 109% of its long-term average (LPA). The country’s monsoon season rainfall is higher than normal, which is 109% of its LPA. ♦ In 2020, five cyclones formed over the North Indian Ocean. These are the super cyclone storm AMPHAN, the very severe cyclone storms NIVAR and GATI, the severe cyclone storm NISARGA and the cyclone storm "BUREVI". ♦ The country has also experienced other high-impact weather events such as extreme rainfall, floods, landslides, thunderstorms, lightning, cold waves, etc. ♦ Bihar and Uttar Pradesh were the worst-hit states that year. According to reports, thunderstorms, lightning and cold waves in each state caused more than 350 deaths. ♦ According to reports, events related to heavy rainfall and floods claimed the lives of more than 600 people in different parts of the country in the pre-monsoon, monsoon and post-monsoon seasons.  

    DRDOs Advanced Biodigester Mk-II Technology

    15 days ago
    DRDO and MAHA-METRO signed a memorandum of understanding to implement Advanced Biodigester Mk-II technology in the metro rail network. Highlights: ♦ The memorandum of understanding (MoU) was signed by the joint venture company MAHA-METRO (Maharashtra Metro Corporation) between DRDO and GOI and Govt. Maharashtra. ♦ According to the memorandum of understanding, DRDO will provide technical support for the implementation of its advanced bio-digester Mk-II technology to deal with human waste (night soil) in the subway network. ♦ DRDO's biodigester is a native, green and cost-effective technology, and its rare feature is that it has one of the largest number of DRDO licenses. ♦ Indian Railways has installed about 2.4 million bio-digesters in its passenger car fleet. ♦ Now, for MAHA-METRO, the technology has been improved and further improved to save water and space. ♦ DRDO also successfully proved to J&K Administration that the customized version of the MK-II bio-digester is suitable for the treatment of human waste generated by the Dal Lake houseboat. ♦ It is now being implemented, and once it is fully completed, it is expected to greatly reduce the pollution of Dal Lake.  

    Government Launched A Virtual Hackathon Toycathon

    15 days ago
    The government has launched the virtual toy hackathon "Toycathon 2021". This is an initiative of the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, and the All India Technical Education Commission. Highlights: ♦ Aim: Conceptualize innovative toys according to the Indian value system, which will instill positive behavior and good value in children and to promote India to become a global toy manufacturing center (Atmanirbhar Abhiyan). ♦ Based on: Indian culture and ethos, local folklore and heroes, and Indian value system. ♦ Theme: Nine themes, including fitness and sports and rediscovering traditional Indian toys. ♦ Participants: students, teachers, start-ups and toy experts. ♦ Prizes: Participants can get prizes not exceeding Rs. 5000000. ♦ Significance: Toys can be an excellent medium to carry forward the spirit of "Ek Bharat, Shreshtha Bharat" ♦ The Prime Minister proclaimed "Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat" in 2015 to enhance understanding and connections between countries, thereby strengthening the unity and integrity of India. ♦ It will help promote the use of educational toys in accordance with the 2020 National Education Policy (NEP). ♦ It will create an ecosystem for the domestic toy industry and local manufacturers to tap untapped resources and realize their potential. ♦ This will help reduce toy imports. Although India’s toy market is worth US$1 billion, 80% of toys are imported.

    Tide-Rainfall Flood Quotient: A New Measurement Devised

    16 days ago
    In order to understand whether coastal cities are more prone to flooding due to tidal events or extreme rainfall, a research team from IIT Bombay has devised a new measure called the “Tide–Rainfall Flood Quotient”. Highlights: ♦ Using past rainfall data, tide data and the topography of the area, this framework can be used to determine the main factors at play. ♦ The team selected three coastal areas that are geographically diverse and vulnerable to flooding-Mithi catchment area in Mumbai, Jagatsinghpur district in Odisha and Greater Chennai Corporation in Tamil Nadu to test their new metric ♦ The new method helps to classify these areas as ‘storm-tide dominated’ or ‘pluvial (rainfall) dominated’. ♦ This metric can help disaster management experts develop better flood risk management systems for long-term planning.

    Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica

    16 days ago
    The 40th Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica was launched. Highlights: ♦ The 40th expedition will take off from Goa on January 5, 2021, with 43 members on board. ♦ The chartered ice-class vessel MV Vasiliy Golovnin will take this journey and will reach Antarctica within 30 days. ♦ After leaving the team of 40 members, it will return to India in April 2021. ♦ When returning, it will also bring back the winter team from the previous trip. ♦ Due to existing challenges related to the COVID-19 pandemic, the scientific and logistical activities of the 40th Indian Antarctic Expedition are restricted. ♦ The focus is on supporting ongoing scientific projects on climate change, geology, ocean observation, electric and magnetic flux measurement, and environmental monitoring; re-supply of food, fuel, supplies and spare parts; and completed the repatriation of winter workers. About Indian Antarctic Programme: The Indian Antarctic Expedition began in 1981. The first trip consisted of a team of 21 scientists and support staff, led by Dr. SZ Qasim. After a humble beginning, India's Antarctic plans to establish three permanent research base stations in Antarctica, called Dakshin Gangotri, Maitri and Bharati. As of today, India has two operational research stations in Antarctica, named Maitri and Bharati. The National Center for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR) in Goa manages the entire Indian Antarctic Project. 

    Banana Grit Developed From Raw Nendran Bananas

    16 days ago
    Scientists from the CSIR (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research)-National Institute of Interdisciplinary Science and Technology (NIIST) in Pappanamcode, Kerala, have proposed a new product, Banana Grit or Granules developed from the original Nendran banana. CSIR is India's largest research and development (R&D) organization. Highlights: ♦ Banana sand and its by-products can improve intestinal health and are ideal ingredients in a healthy diet. The concept was introduced to take advantage of the presence of resistant starch in bananas. ♦ Starch is a white, granular organic chemical substance produced by all green plants. It is a soft, white, odorless powder, insoluble in cold water, alcohol or other solvents. ♦ In humans and other animals, starch from plants is broken down into its constituent sugar molecules, which then provide energy for tissues. ♦ By diversifying the products from bananas, farmers can harvest higher prices. This will help maintain health and well-being. Nendran banana: Chengazhikodan Nendran banana, also known as Chengazhikode banana, is one of the most popular traditional fruits grown in the Thrissur district of Kerala. This variety of Nendran banana is known for its unique taste, bunch shape and fruit colour. The crops are mainly cultivated organically, and the crop duration is 13-14 months. In 2014, the Chengalikodan Nendran banana grown in Kerala received the Geographical Indication (GI) label. The geographical indication refers to any sign that identifies a product as originating from a specific location where the given quality, reputation or other characteristics of the product can basically be attributable to its geographic origin.

    FSSAI Slashes Limit For Trans-Fat Levels In Foods

    17 days ago
    The Food Safety & Standards Agency of India - FSSAI has passed amendments to foods to limit the amount of trans fatty acids - TFA in fats and oils from the current 5% to 3% in 2021 and 2% in 2022. Standard (Prohibition and Restriction of Sales) Regulations. Highlights: ♦ The revised regulations apply to edible refined oils, vanaspati (partially hydrogenated oils), margarine, bakery shortenings and other cooking media, such as vegetable fat spreads and mixed fat spreads. ♦ Transfat is associated with an increased risk of heart attack and death from coronary heart disease.♦ ♦ According to data from the WHO (World Health Organization), due to the intake of industrially-produced trans-fatty acids, there are approximately 540,000 deaths worldwide each year. ♦ The WHO has also called for the global elimination of trans fats by 2023. Trans – fats: Trans fatty acids (TFA) or Trans Fats are the most harmful types of fats. Compared with other dietary ingredients, it is more harmful to the human body. Most of these fats are artificially produced, but a small amount is naturally produced. Therefore, these may be in the form of artificial TFA and/or natural TFA in our diet. Artificial TFAs are formed when hydrogen reacts with oil to produce fat similar to pure ghee/butter. In our diet, the main source of artificial TFA is partially hydrogenated vegetable oil (PHVO)/vanaspati/margarine, while natural TFA is found in meat and dairy products, though in small amounts.  

    Covishield Was Approved By Drug Controller General Of India

    17 days ago
    Covishield is a vaccine candidate for the Serum Research Institute headquartered in Pune, India, and has been approved by the Subject-Medical Experts Committee (SEC) of the General Drug Administration of India. DCGI: ♦ Director of Drugs of India-DCGI is the head of the Central Drug Standards Control Organization Department of the Government of India, responsible for approving specific types of drugs (such as blood and blood products, intravenous fluids, vaccines and serum) in India. ♦ The Drugs Controller General of India is under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. ♦ DCGI also sets standards for the manufacturing, sales, import and distribution of drugs in India. ♦ DCGI regulates the standards and quality of the manufacturing, selling, import and distribution of medicines in India. Other Functions: -    If you have any disputes about the quality of medicines, please act as an appeal body. -    Develop and maintain national reference standards. -    To unify the implementation of the Drugs and Cosmetics Law. -    The training of drug analysts is commissioned by the National Drug Control Laboratory and other agencies. -    Analysis of cosmetics received from CDSCO as survey samples.

    Indigenously Developed DNA Vaccine Candidate

    17 days ago
    DBT-BIRAC supports Zydus Cadila indigenously developed DNA Vaccine Candidate, which has been approved for phase III clinical trials. Highlights: ♦ India’s 1st indigenously developed DNA vaccine candidate against COVID-19, ZyCoV-D, by Zydus Cadila has been approved by the Drugs Controller General of India - DCGI, for the conduct of Phase III clinical trials. ♦ The candidate is supported by the National Biopharma Mission (NBM) under the aegis of BIRAC and the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India. ♦ After phase I and II trials, Zydus Cadila's interim data indicate that the vaccine is safe and immunogenic when three doses were administered intradermally. ♦ Following the recommendation of the Subject Expert Committee, which reviewed the interim data, DCGI was approved to conduct Phase III clinical trials in 26,000 Indian participants. ♦ BIRAC-The Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC) established by the Department of Biotechnology (DBT) supports the establishment of a vaccine production platform under the National Biopharma Mission.

    ACROSS by the Ministry of Earth Sciences

    17 days ago
    ACROSS stands for Atmospheric and Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems and Services. The ACROSS scheme applies to the atmospheric science program of the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES). ACROSS: ♦ ACROSS stands for Atmospheric and Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems and Services ♦ The ACROSS scheme applies to the atmospheric science program of the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES). ♦ It covers different aspects of weather and climate services, including warnings for cyclones, storm surges, heatwaves, thunderstorms, etc. ♦ The ACROSS scheme consists of 9 sub-programs, which are multidisciplinary and multi-institutional in nature and will be implemented in an integrated manner. ♦ The goal of the ACROSS program is to provide reliable weather and climate forecasts for the development of society. Therefore, the scheme aims to improve weather and climate forecasting skills through continuous observation and intensive Research and Development activities. ♦ The scheme improves weather, climate and ocean forecasts and services, thereby ensuring that the corresponding benefits are transferred to various services.

    ACROSS by the Ministry of Earth Sciences

    17 days ago
    ACROSS stands for Atmospheric and Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems and Services. The ACROSS scheme applies to the atmospheric science program of the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES). ACROSS: ♦ ACROSS stands for Atmospheric and Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems and Services ♦ The ACROSS scheme applies to the atmospheric science program of the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES). ♦ It covers different aspects of weather and climate services, including warnings for cyclones, storm surges, heatwaves, thunderstorms, etc. ♦ The ACROSS scheme consists of 9 sub-programs, which are multidisciplinary and multi-institutional in nature and will be implemented in an integrated manner. ♦ The goal of the ACROSS program is to provide reliable weather and climate forecasts for the development of society. Therefore, the scheme aims to improve weather and climate forecasting skills through continuous observation and intensive Research and Development activities. ♦ The scheme improves weather, climate and ocean forecasts and services, thereby ensuring that the corresponding benefits are transferred to various services.

    Maiden Flight Trial of SAHAYAK-NG - Air Droppable Container

    17 days ago
    The Defense Research and Development Organization - DRDO and the Indian Navy conducted the successful maiden test trial of "SAHAYAK-NG" along the coast of Goa. This is India's 1st indigenously designed and developed Air Dropped Container from IL 38SD aircraft (Indian Navy)  Highlights: ♦ The trial was conducted by the IN -Indian Navy to enhance its combat logistics capabilities and provide critical engineering warehouses for ships deployed more than 2,000 kilometers from the coast. ♦ Reduced the requirement for ships to collect spare parts and warehouses near the coast. ♦ SAHAYAK-NG is the advanced version of SAHAYAK Mk I. ♦ The newly developed GPS-assisted airdrop container can carry a payload of up to 50 kg and can be dropped from a heavy aircraft.

    INSACOG Was Launched

    17 days ago
    The Indian SARS-CoV-2 Genomic Consortia (INSACOG) was launched. The overall goal of the Indian SARS-CoV-2 Genomic Consortia is to regularly monitor the genomic variation in SARS-CoV-2 through a multi-laboratory network. Indian SARS-CoV-2 Genomic Consortia (INSACOG): The Government launched the Indian SARS-CoV-2 Genomic Consortia (INSACOG), which includes 10 laboratories located in India. The overall goal of the Indian SARS-CoV-2 Genomic Consortia is to regularly monitor the genomic variation in SARS-CoV-2 through a multi-laboratory network. This vital research Consortia will also assist in the development of potential vaccines in the future. The consortium will determine the status of the new variant of SARS-CoV-2(SARS-CoV-2 VUI 202012/01) in the country, establish a sentinel surveillance for early detection of genomic variants with public health implication, and determine the genomic variants in the unusual events/trends (super-spreader events, high mortality/morbidity trend areas, etc.).

    Kala Azar Is Endemic In India

    17 days ago
    Kala Azar is endemic in 54 areas in four Indian states (Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh). Kala Azar: ♦ Kala-azar, also known as visceral leishmaniasis, is the most serious form of leishmaniasis. Without proper diagnosis and treatment, it will lead to high mortality. Leishmaniasis disease is due by protozoan parasites of the genus ♦ ♦ ♦ Leishmania which is spread through sand bites. Leishmaniasis is a tropical disease which affects nearly 100 countries including India. ♦ There are three main forms of Leishmaniasis: -    Visceral disease, which affects multiple organs, is the most serious form of disease -    Skin diseases may be the most common form of skin ulcers -    Skin and mucous membranes, causing skin and mucous membrane lesions ♦ The only drug that can be used to combat leishmaniasis, mifefurcin, has developed new resistance to this drug due to its reduced accumulation in the parasite, and therefore quickly loses its effectiveness, which is necessary to kill the parasite . ♦ A specific type of protein molecule, called a transporter, plays a major role in transporting Miltefosine enters or leaves the body of the parasite, which contains a cell. ♦ A protein called "P4ATPase-CDC50" is responsible for the parasite's uptake of the drug, and another protein called "P-glycoprotein" is responsible for excreting the drug from the parasite. ♦ The activity of the former protein decreases, while the activity of the latter protein increases, resulting in a decrease in the small amount of miltifocin accumulated inside the parasite’s body, thereby making it resistant to drugs.  

    Radio Waves Emission Detected From The Direction Of Proxima Centauri

    22 days ago
    Astronomers on the $100 million "Breakthrough Listening" project recently picked up radio waves emission from Proxima Centauri's direction (the closest star to our Sun). Physicist Stephen Hawking initiated the Breakthrough Listen project. Highlights: ♦ The news sparked interest in Proxima Centauri. One of Proxima Centauri's planets is believed to revolve in the star's habitable zone, thereby increasing the possibility of or sustaining life. ♦ Proxima Centauri is 4.2 light-years away from the Sun. ♦ Its mass is about one-eighth that of the sun, and it is too dim to be seen with the naked eye from Earth. Key Facts About Proxima b: ♦ Proxima b, one of the two planets orbiting the star, is the subject of intense curiosity. ♦ Proxima b is 1.2 times the size of the Earth, orbits the star every 11 days, located in the Proxima Centauri’s Goldilocks zone. ♦ The Goldilocks zone is the area around the star where it is not too hot and not too cold for liquid water to exist on the surface of surrounding planets (e.g. Earth is in the Sun’s Goldilocks zone). ♦ However, this does not mean that there is water on Proxima b. ♦ It could also be hostile to life, if its atmosphere has been stripped away by solar flares from Proxima Centauri.

    BARC Developed Eye Cancer Therapy

    22 days ago
    The Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC) in Mumbai has developed the first indigenous Ruthenium 106 Plaque form of eye cancer therapy to treat Ocular Tumours. This is expected to reduce the cost of treatment of ocular tumors in the country. It is said that the newly developed plaque complies with international standards. Ocular Tumors: Ocular tumors are tumors inside the eye. They are collections of cells that grow and multiply abnormally and form masses. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy are two common treatments for ocular tumors. The radiation can be in the form of proton beam radiation or placement radiation plaques on the eyes. Ruthenium 106 (Ru-106) plaque brachytherapy: Ruthenium 106 (Ru-106) plaque brachytherapy is used to treat many types of tumors. Brachytherapy is a procedure in which radioactive materials are placed inside the body. This is a type of radiation therapy used for cancer treatment. It is also called internal radiation. It allows doctors to provide higher doses of radiation to specific parts of the body. BARC: Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC) is India’s main nuclear research institution, established in 1954. It is Headquartered in Mumbai, and it is a multi-disciplinary research center with extensive infrastructure for advanced research and development, covering the entire nuclear science, engineering, and related fields. It comes under the Department of Atomic Energy. BARC operates a number of research reactors across the country.

    DRDO Young Scientist Laboratory for Quantum Technologies - DYSL-QT

    22 days ago
    The DRDO Young Scientist Laboratory has developed a Quantum-based technology to generate Random Numbers. Highlights: ♦ DYSL-QT has developed a Quantum Random Number Generator (QRNG), which can detect random quantum events and convert them into a stream of binary numbers. ♦ The laboratory has developed a fibre optic branch path based on QRNG. ♦ QRNG based on branch path is based on the following principle: if a single photon is an incident on a balanced beam splitter, it will randomly adopt any beam splitter's output path. ♦ Since the path chosen by the photon is random, the randomness is converted into a series of bits. Random Numbers: Random numbers play an important role in many fields, such as quantum communication, cryptography (key generation, key packaging, identity verification, etc.), scientific simulation, lotteries and fundamental physics experiments. The generation of genuine randomness is generally considered impossible with classical means. Quantum mechanics has the inherent potential to provide real random numbers, so it has become the first choice for scientific applications that require randomness.

    GoI launched the Global Pravasi Rishta Portal and Mobile app

    22 days ago
    The Indian government launched the global Pravasi Rishta portal and mobile application. The application is designed to connect the Indian diaspora all over the world. The Global Pravasi Rishta portal and mobile application will help connect the 31.2 million Indian diasporas scattered worldwide.  Highlights: ♦ The Global Pravasi Rishta portal and mobile application will help connect the 31.2 million Indian diasporas scattered worldwide. It will establish a three-way communication between the Indian mission (meaning the embassy), the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Indian diaspora. Indian diaspora refers to the population scattered in India. (The diaspora is moving the people away from its indigenous territories on a large scale). ♦ The Indian diaspora will use the application, and missions will also use the portal. So far, the ministry has no effective communication channels to establish contacts with Indian diasporas worldwide.  ♦ The Indian diaspora and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs have been using social media platforms such as Twitter, Facebook, and WhatsApp to communicate in emergency situations. ♦ The Ministry of Foreign Affairs launched the global Pravasi Rishta portal and mobile application. It was initiated by the Minister of Foreign Affairs V. Muraleedharan. ♦ The created portal will allow the registration of Indian diaspora members. These include PIO (persons of Indian descent), NRI (non-resident Indians) and OCI (Indian overseas citizens). ♦ The portal will help members of the Indian diaspora connect with new and existing government programs. The application and portal will help during crisis management. In an emergency, Indian expatriates can reach the consular department and officials in time. ♦ The portal will provide useful information to Indian expatriates, such as passports, visas and other consular services. It will also serve as a platform for the Indian government to adopt valuable opinions from the Indian diaspora when formulating policies. This will simplify the investigation process.

    Cabinet Approved The Export Of The Akash Missile System

    22 days ago
    The cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently approved the export of Akash missile systems. Besides, a committee was established to approve the export of missile systems quickly. Highlights: ♦ The goal of the Indian government is to export $5 billion Akash missiles. According to the Ministry of Defense, the Akash missile has more than 96% local content. ♦ The export of Akash missiles will help the Indian government achieve 25 billion U.S. dollars in defence manufacturing turnover by 2025. ♦ The Indian Armed Forces will spend more than US$130 billion in capital purchases over the next five years. This will also help promote the defence manufacturing industry. ♦ The Akash missile is a short-range surface-to-air local missile with a range of 25 kilometres. ♦ It was developed by the National Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) under the Comprehensive Guided Missile Development Plan. The integrated guided missile development program began in 1984. ♦ Bharat Dynamics Limited manufactures it. The missile has a range of 25 kilometres and can hit the target in any weather. This missile can fly 18,000 meters in the air.  ♦ It can destroy fighter jets, cruise missiles and ballistic missiles. Each "Akash" missile regiment has 6 launchers, and each launcher has 3 "Akash" missiles. ♦ The Minister of Finance announced several reforms in the defence sector in May 2020. These reforms aim to improve the country’s defence manufacturing capabilities, increase exports, and efficiently equip its defence forces.  ♦ In order to purchase military equipment made in India, independent budget expenditures were also made. Under the automatic route, the foreign direct investment limit for the defence sector was increased from 49% to 74%.  ♦ India bans the import of 101 weapons and military platforms, such as conventional submarines, light combat helicopters, cruise missiles, transport aircraft and sonar systems.

    Digital Ocean Application Launched By The Ministry Of Earth Sciences

    23 days ago
    The Ministry of Earth Sciences launched the "Digital Ocean Application" to share ocean data and forecast services. These applications were launched under the digital ocean platform developed by INCOIS.  Highlights: ♦ The Indian National Oceanic Information Center (INCOIS) provides consulting services and information to various stakeholders. This includes data based on oceanographic research, ocean state forecasting, and consulting services (such as fishing area consultation, high wave warning, storm surge, tsunami warning, and oil spill). ♦ The digital ocean platform includes a set of applications developed through the rapid development of geospatial technology for organizing heterogeneous oceanographic data. ♦ It can be used as a one-stop solution to meet all data-related needs of a wide range of users. This includes research institutions, strategic users, operating institutions, academia, policymakers, the maritime industry and the public.  ♦ It is the first marine data management platform of its kind. The forum will contribute to the Digital India program. The platform provides convenience for an online interactive web-based environment for data integration, data analysis, data visualization, data fusion and data analysis to assess oceanographic features' evolution. ♦ The digital ocean platform will play an essential role in the ocean's sustainable management and the expansion of the "blue economy". ♦ The digital ocean platform will be promoted in all countries along the Indian Ocean as a platform for ocean data management capacity building. ♦ The Indian Ocean Rim Association is composed of fourteen members. They are India, Bangladesh, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Maldives, Oman, Mozambique, Australia, Indonesia, Kenya, Iran, Malaysia, Madagascar, Singapore, South Africa, Tanzania, Sri Lanka, UAE, Thailand and Yemen.  ♦ IORA's ten dialogue partners are Germany, Italy, China, Egypt, France, Italy, Japan, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the Republic of Korea, the United States, and the United Kingdom. IORA became a member of the United Nations General Assembly and the African Union in 2015.

    WHO Launched COVID-19 App

    23 days ago
    The World Health Organization recently launched the COVID-19 mobile application. The app provides users with the latest updates on covid-19. This application is called "WHO COVID-19 Application". Highlights: ♦ The mobile application launched by the World Health Organization will provide trusted information from experts from the organization and regional partners. It will provide regular updates and notifications about the scientific discoveries of covid-19. ♦ Users can understand the symptoms of the covid-19 disease. The app also provides information on how users can protect themselves and their communities from viruses. ♦ The app will also provide vaccine advancements provided by the World Health Organization and its partners. ♦ It has a selfless purpose, which means selfless care for the well-being of others. The app provides information on how users can help in different ways during the pandemic. ♦ The app is currently only available in Nigeria. However, the world organization is working with local stakeholders to provide the application in all countries/regions worldwide and make it more geographically feasible. It also includes information from local health organizations. ♦ The unrestricted dissemination of misinformation hindered the World Health Organization's report on the fight against the epidemic. The mobile application will ensure that only verified and scientifically accurate information can reach citizens around the world. ♦ The mobile application developed by the World Health Organization for the World Health Organization was developed for medical workers to fight COVID-19. The application is called "WHO Academy COVID-19 Mobile Learning Application". It enables health workers to expand their life-saving skills to combat covid-19. ♦ The application provides knowledge resources, tools, virtual seminars and training developed by the World Health Organization. These functions will support health workers in caring for patients infected by covid-19. This will also help protect yourself during service. ♦ The application supports seven different languages , such as English, Arabic, Portuguese, French, Chinese, Spanish, Russian.

    Meteorological Centre Inaugurated in Ladakh

    23 days ago
    Dr Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Earth Sciences of the Union recently established a meteorological centre in the territory of the Ladakh Union. The Meteorological Center will provide weather forecasts for the area and strengthen the weather forecasts' warning system in the area. Highlights: ♦ This is the first weather centre in Ladakh. The Meteorological Center is the highest centre in India, located at an altitude of 3,500 meters. ♦ The centre will provide short-term weather forecasts (three days), medium weather forecasts (12 days) and long-range weather forecasts (one month). ♦ It will provide weather forecasts for Kargil and Leh. The centre will also provide weather forecasts for tourist attractions such as Nubra, Drass, Pangong Lake, Kargil, Khalsi, and Changthang. ♦ The main services that these centres will provide include agricultural forecasting, mountaineering, hiking, flash flood warning, road forecasting, and low and high-temperature information. ♦ Due to its extreme climatic conditions, it is very important to establish a centre in Ladakh. Ladakh has experienced extreme weather events such as cloud bursts, flash floods, glacial lakes, avalanches and droughts. ♦ There are four automatic weather stations in Ladakh. The Indian Meteorological Department plans to install more automatic weather stations to improve the observation network in Nubra, Zanskar, Parkachik and other places. ♦ The Indian Meteorological Department has six regional meteorological centres, such as Kolkata, Guwahati, Mumbai, New Delhi, Chennai and Nagpur. ♦ Other IMD departments, such as the Agricultural Meteorological Advisory Service Center, the Forecast Office, the Hydrometeorological Office, and the Regional Cyclone Warning Center, are usually located simultaneously as the various observatories. ♦ Kalpana-1 is the first specialized weather satellite launched by ISRO. The INSAT series has also been introduced to meet meteorological requirements and other services such as telecommunications. IMD also operates a network of hundreds of glacier and ground observation stations.

    USAs Plan To Have Nuclear Reactor On Moon

    23 days ago
    The USA's plans to build the first nuclear reactor on the moon by the end of 2026, a new directive recently issued by the White House. The President of the United States issued the "National Strategy for Space Nuclear Power and Propulsion." The US Department of Energy, in cooperation with the NASA, also plans to solicit industry design suggestions for the same purpose in early 2021. Highlights: ♦ According to the instructions, NASA is required to launch the fission surface power for lunar surface demonstration by 2027 with scalability to a power range of 40 kilowatt-electric and higher to support a sustained lunar presence and exploration of Mars. ♦ NASA’s goal is to build a flight hardware system that is ready to be integrated with the lunar lander by the end of 2026. ♦ Fission power systems (called nuclear reactors) will benefit future robotic and human exploration missions to the Moon and Mars. ♦ Providing a safe, efficient, and readily available power source is essential for these missions, and fission surface power systems can meet these requirements. ♦ The fission surface power system will be manufactured and assembled entirely on Earth and integrated on the lander as a payload. ♦ The system consists of four main subsystems: nuclear reactors, an electric power conversion units, cooling arrays, and power management and distribution subsystems. ♦ It will be designed to operate for up to 10 years.

    Indias First PCV Unveiled by Health Minister

    23 days ago
    The Union Health Minister unveiled the country's first Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV). The vaccine "Pneumosil" was developed by the Serum Institute of India Private Limited with partners. Highlights: ♦ The vaccine "Pneumosil" was developed by the Serum Institute of India Private Limited (SIIPL) in collaboration with partners such as the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. ♦ In terms of dose, SIIPL is the world's largest vaccine manufacturer. ♦ In 5 randomised controlled clinical trials, Pneumosil has been extensively evaluated and has demonstrated comparable safety and immunogenicity against licensed pneumococcal vaccines across diverse populations of India and ♦ Africa, where Pneumosil was administered to adults, toddlers and infants using different vaccination schedules. ♦ After approval by the Subject Expert Committee (SEC), the Drugs Controller General (India) approved the vaccine in July 2020.  

    BBX11 Gene: Greening Of Plants Was Recognized

    24 days ago
    The Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) has recognized the BBX11 gene can promote the greening of crops. This gene plays a crucial role in regulating protochlorophyllide levels, which is an intermediate product of the green pigment chlorophyll biosynthesis. Highlights: ♦ IISER scientists have identified the gene 'BBX11'. The research was recently published in the British journal "New Phytologist". The synthesis of chlorophyll in plants is a long, multi-step process. ♦ When the seedling emerges from under the soil, it must synthesize chlorophyll quickly to support its growth. ♦ To promote chlorophyll's rapid synthesis, plants make a chlorophyll precursor called "protochlorophyllide" in the dark, which glows red when blue light is shone on the plant. ♦ After plants enter the light from below the soil, light-dependent enzymes convert protochlorophyllide to chlorophyll. ♦ The amount of protochlorophyllide synthesized must be proportional to the number of enzymes available to convert it into chlorophyll. ♦ If there is too much free protochlorophyllide, exposure to light will convert it into molecules that cause "photobleaching".

    ISRO Is Developing Green Propulsion Technology

    24 days ago
    ISRO is developing "Green Propulsion Technology". This technology is being developed for the Indian human space mission Gaganyaan, which will launch in December 2021. In rockets and airplanes, propulsion is generated by the application of Newton's third law, "There has an equal and opposite response to every action." The working fluid or gas accelerates the engine. ISRO's Green Promotion Technology: ♦ ISRO started to develop green propulsion technology in 2018. ISRO developed an environmentally friendly solid propellant glycidyl azide polymer GAP in 2018 as a fuel, and ammonium dinitro ammonium as an oxidant. ♦ ISRO has been conducting technology demonstration projects, which involve a combination of green propellants, such as kerosene, hydrogen peroxide, liquid oxygen, AND-glycerol-water, AND-methanol-water. ♦ ISRO has begun testing liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen propulsion systems for launch vehicles. ♦ ISRO has used green propulsion technology in its mission. However, these techniques are only used in some tasks. For example, in the low temperature upper limit state of the GSLV Mk-III launch vehicle, a combination of liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen is used. ♦ ISRO developed ISORENE. ISORENE is a rocket-grade version of kerosene. It is an alternative to conventional hydrazine rocket fuel.  ♦ ISRO successfully demonstrated the electric propulsion system in its South Asia satellite launched in May 2017. It is also called GSAT-9.  ♦ The satellite is operated by ISRO and used in the SAARC area. The satellite serves Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan and the Maldives. Pakistan is not included in the plan. ♦ Pakistan provided technical and financial support for GSAT-9. However, India rejected the proposal, saying it was unwilling to develop the satellite on a cooperative basis. ♦ Pakistan maintains its own space program under SUPARCO (Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission).

    Water Quality Test Innovation Challenge Launched

    25 days ago
    The National Mission of Jal Jeevan, in cooperation with the Department of Industry and Internal Trade Promotion, initiated an innovative challenge to develop portable devices for water quality testing. Highlights: ♦ The Jal Jeevan mission invites applicants to participate in the "Innovation Challenge" to develop portable devices for water quality testing and become a part of this life-changing Jan Aandolan. ♦ The goal of the innovation challenge: to ensure that water sources are tested at different locations and different levels; thereby helping policymakers design procedures to solve water pollution problems. ♦ The main goal: to bring an innovative, modular, and cost-effective solution to develop portable devices that can be used at the household level to test the quality of drinking water instantly, easily and accurately. ♦ People who receive tap water at home have no way to test the drinking ability of tap water. ♦ This leads to situations where people are reluctant to drink tap water directly. ♦ People in urban areas will eventually install household water treatment units, incurring additional expenditures. ♦ The challenge aims to solve these problems in an innovative, modular and cost-effective way.

    ISRO Released To Public The Initial Data From Chandrayaan

    25 days ago
    The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) released the initial data of Chandrayaan-2 to the public. This is India's second moon landing mission, which was launched on July 22, 2019. Highlights: ♦ The orbiter was injected into the lunar orbit on September 2, 2019, performed eight experiments/payloads, all of which performed well and sent the received data. ♦ The publicly released data archived at the Indian Space Science Data Center (ISSDC) in Bengaluru, India are publicly released in a standard, globally-compliant Planetary Data System 4 (PDS4) format. ♦ ISSDC is the node centre of the ISRO planetary mission planetary data archive. ♦ The first space mission, a soft landing in the lunar south pole. India's first expedition, trying to use its technology for a soft landing on the lunar surface ♦ This is India's first interplanetary mission led by two women: project director M Vanitha and mission director Ritu Karidhal. ♦ India’s first mission to explore the lunar terrain with indigenous technology. Countries where the lunar surface softens in the fourth month.

    Sahifasal Campaign Initiated by The National Water Mission

    25 days ago
    The SahiFasal campaign was initiated by the National Water Mission in 2019 that aims to promote farmers in water-scarce areas to plant crops that do not consume water but use water very efficiently; they are economically rewarded; healthy and nutritious; suitable to the agro-climatic and hydrological characteristics of the area; and environmental friendly. Highlights: ♦ Raise awareness among farmers on proper crops, micro-irrigation, soil moisture conservation, etc. ♦ Make farmers switch from crops that consume a lot of water (such as rice, sugar cane, etc.) to crops that require less water (such as corn, maize, etc.). ♦ They are assisting policymakers in framing policies that make effective pricing of inputs (water and electricity). ♦ Improve the procurement and market of these alternative crops, establish appropriate storage areas, etc., and ultimately increase farmers' income. ♦ In India, 85-89% of water consumption is used for agricultural purposes, while about 5% of water consumption is used for drinking and domestic purposes. ♦ Hence, even a small percentage saving of water in agricultural usage will significantly impact water availability for drinking and domestic purposes. ♦ Under the leadership of SahiFasal, a series of seminars are being organized in water-scarce areas of the country.

    International Science Literature Festival VIGYANIKA

    27 days ago
    International Science Literature Festival – VIGYANIKA organized to mark the birth anniversary of Srinivasa Ramanujan. Highlights: ♦ The purpose of this event is to bring science and literature to the public, and to demonstrate the use of various aspects of science communication to promote self-reliance and global welfare strategies. ♦ It takes "Science Communication and Science Literature-Network Science and Society" as its theme. ♦ It will explore the challenges of scientific communication through keynote speeches, panel discussions, scientific conferences and Vigyan Kavi Sammelan, and critically evaluate scientific literature and many other issues. ♦ VIGYANIKA is an International Science and Literature Festival organized under the Indian International Science Festival. ♦ VIGYANIKA is jointly organized by the CSIR- National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (CSIR-NISCAIR), the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MOES) and Vijnana Bharati (VIBHA) to commemorate the birthday of the outstanding Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan.

    Chang'e-5 Returned With The First Fresh Rock Samples

    28 days ago
    China's Chang 'e 5 lunar mission returned to Earth, carrying about 2 kilograms of fresh rock samples extracted from the moon for the first time in 44 years. Highlights: ♦ The spacecraft Chang 'e 5 landed at Siziwang Banner in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in northern China. ♦ The probe, named after the ancient Chinese goddess of the moon, took off for the first time from the Wenchang spacecraft launch site in Hainan on November 24. ♦ Two of the four modules of Chang'e 5 landed on the moon on December 1, and drilled 2 meters from the surface and drilled into the lunar crust, thus collecting about 2 kilograms (4.4 pounds) of samples. ♦ The sample is placed in a sealed container, which is transported back to the return module by the ascent cart. ♦ The retrieved Chang'e 5 re-entry capsule will be airlifted to Beijing, where the capsule will be opened and ready for sample analysis. ♦ In this way, China became the third country to collect lunar samples after the United States and the Soviet Union. ♦ This is also the first batch of samples collected by any country after Russia in 1976. ♦ The samples were taken from regions of the moon that have not been visited before. ♦ The latest sample comes from a part of the moon called Oceanus Procellarum or Stormy Ocean, located near a site called "Mons Rumker", which is believed to have been a volcano in ancient times. ♦ Mons Rumker is geologically younger than the sampling areas of the US and Soviet missions and has never sampled before.

    A Scientists group won Innovate 4 SDG

    29 days ago
    A group of scientists from the Indian Institute of Technology in Delhi (IIT Delhi) won an innovation competition (Innovate 4 SDG) organized by the India Accelerator Laboratory of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), which is their innovative "plant-based simulation egg". Highlights: ♦ The Indian Development Program Accelerator Laboratory is dedicated to solving some of the most pressing issues facing India through innovation, such as air pollution, sustainable water management and customers' recoverable livelihoods. ♦ The team won first place and won an innovation award of $5,000. ♦ It is developed from a very simple farm-based crop protein, which not only looks and tastes like eggs, but also has nutrients very similar to poultry eggs. ♦ The development of simulated eggs meets the protein needs of diet-specific, health-conscious, vegetarians, and vegetarians. ♦ The team has also developed analogs that use fruits and vegetables to extract chicken and fish meat from plants. ♦ Plant-based texture foods have been developed, similar to eggs, fish, and chicken, aimed at solving people’s long-standing struggles for malnutrition and clean protein foods.

    ISRO Launched CMS - 01 Satellite

    31 days ago
    The Indian Space Research Organization - ISRO launched a communications satellite CMS-01 on the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C50) of its Satish Dhawan Space Center in Andhra Pradesh. Previously, in November 2020, ISRO launched India’s Earth observation satellite, EOS-01 and nine other customer satellites. Key Facts: ♦ CMS-01 is a Communications satellite designed to provide services in extended C-Band Frequency Spectrum. ♦ C-band is the name of a portion of the Electromagnetic Spectrum in the microwave range in the frequency range of 4.0 to 8.0 gigahertz (GHz). ♦ Its coverage will include the Indian mainland as well as the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Lakshadweep islands  ♦ The lifetime of the satellite is expected to exceed more than 7 years. ♦ The satellite is precisely injected into its predefinedSub-Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO). Finally, after a series of operations, it will be placed in a designated slot in the Geosynchronous orbit. ♦ CMS-01 will replace and enhance the service of GSAT-12. Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle: India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) is the third-generation launch vehicle. PSLV is the first launch vehicle equipped with liquid levels. The first successful launch of PSLV was in October 1994.  PSLV is used for the two most important missions. They are Chandrayaan-1 in 2008 and Mars Orbiter Spacecraft in 2013. Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) Mark II and GSLV MkIII are two other launch vehicles.

    Adoption Of E20 Fuel By The Indian Public

    32 days ago
    The Ministry of Transport invites the public to comment on the introduction of E20 fuel. E20 Fuel:  E20 fuel is a mixture of 20% ethanol and gasoline. It is proposed to use E20 as a vehicle fuel to reduce vehicle emissions and the country’s oil import costs. Ethanol is a biofuel, a common by-product of biomass left by agricultural raw materials (such as corn, sugar cane, hemp, potatoes, etc. The currently allowed mixing ratio is 10% of ethanol, although India only reached 5.6% in 2019.

    Scientists Developed High-Performance Hybrid Super Capacitors With Novel Electrode Material

    32 days ago
    Scientists have developed a low-cost supercapacitor that has excellent capacitance retention and uses their synthesized new electrode material, which can pave the way for the next generation of high-power and high-energy storage devices. Supercapacitor: ♦ A supercapacitor is a high-capacity capacitor whose capacitance value is much higher than other capacitors, but has a lower voltage limit, thus bridging the gap between the electrolytic capacitor and the rechargeable battery. A capacitor is one that stores electrical energy in an electric field. ♦ It usually stores 10 to 100 times more energy per unit volume or mass than electrolytic capacitors, and can accept and transfer charges much faster than batteries. Supercapacitors are the next generation of energy storage devices.  ♦ Compared with traditional capacitors and Lithium-Ion Batteries (LIB), supercapacitors have received extensive research attention due to their high power density, long life and ultra-fast charging characteristics. ♦ Among the 4 main components of a super capacitor-electrode, electrolyte, separator and current collector, the first two are the key components, which directly determine the electrochemical behaviour of the supercapacitor. ♦ The manufacturing costs of electrode materials and electrolytes should be reduced because these two components account for most of the equipment manufacturing costs. ♦ Supercapacitors with high capacitance and excellent capacitive retention developed from low-cost fabrication techniques are the need of the hour, considering their potential utility in the commercial market. Key Facts about the Study: Scientists have developed a simple, scalable, and cost-effective electrochemical approach to synthesize electrodes made of nickel cobaltite containing nano sheet structures and incorporates oxygen vacancies as active materials for hybrid super capacitors. These electrodes have been found to have excellent electrochemical performance. The team is made up of scientists from the International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI), an autonomous body of the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, in collaboration with IIT Hyderabad.

    Dop Launched Dakpay App

    35 days ago
    The India Post Payment Bank (IPPB) and the Department of Posts (DoP) launched a digital payment application called "DakPay" on 15 December,2020. Highlights: ♦ The main target of the app is to provide digital financial services on the last mile of India. ♦ The application was launched by Ravi Shankar Prasad, Minister of Communications, Electronics and Information Technology and Law and Justice.  ♦ The application "DakPay" will provide DoP and IPPB customers with convenient digital transactions and other banking and postal services. ♦ This innovative application will help people to send and receive money easily.  ♦ People without a smartphone can also use this application for money transactions with the help of a postman. ♦ DakPay is not only a digital payment application, but also a set of digital financial and assisted banking services provided by India Post and IPPB through a trusted postal network across the country to meet the financial needs of all the sections of the society.

    Covid-19 triggered Mucormycosis Fungal Infection

    36 days ago
    Doctors witnessed increased cases of Covid-19 triggered Mucormycosis. The low immunity of Covid-19 patients makes them more susceptible to this fungal infection. Mucormycosis, also known as black fungus or zygomycosis, is a serious but rare fungal infection caused by a group of molds called mucormycosis. Types of Mucormycosis: Rhinocerebral (Sinus and Brain) Mucormycosis Pulmonary (Lung) Mucormycosis Gastrointestinal Mucormycosis Cutaneous (Skin) Mucormycosis  Disseminated Mucormycosis Transmission: It occurs by inhaling, inoculation or ingesting spores from the environment. Mucormycosis will not spread from person to person or from person to animal. It usually occurs in people who have health problems or take medicines that will reduce the lower body's ability to fight germs and sickness. Symptoms:  General symptoms are single face swelling and numbness, headache, nasal or sinus congestion, black lesions in the bridge of the nose or upper part of the mouth, fever, abdominal pain, nausea, and gastrointestinal bleeding. Treatment: Treatment with prescription antifungals is required to prevent mucormycosis and other mold infections. Usually, mucormycosis requires surgery to remove the infected tissue.

    PM interacts with industries, startups and academia from Space sector

    36 days ago
    The Prime Minister of India interacted with key industries, start-ups and academia in the space sector through video conferences to encourage them to participate in space activities. Highlights: ♦ The PM expressed the hope that the country will become a manufacturing hub for aerospace assets as soon as possible when interacting with the leaders of the space industry. ♦ PM outlined his vision to ensure that the benefits of the space program reach the poorest. ♦ Just as Indian talents have been able to gain a global reputation in the IT field, the Prime Minister also hopes that even the aerospace field can do this in the near future. ♦ Make a historic decision to open up the space sector and involve the Indian private sector in the entire space activities. ♦ With the establishment of the Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Center (IN-SPACe), these reforms will provide a level playing field for private companies and start-ups. ♦ These proposals involve a wide range of activities, including satellite constellations, small satellite launch vehicles, ground stations, geospatial services, propulsion systems and application products. ♦ The decision to unleash India’s potential in the space sector heralds a new era of public-private cooperation in this area. ♦ Private investment in this field will lead to the creation of high-tech jobs, which will provide a large number of opportunities for the talent pool of IIT/NIT and other technical institutions. ♦ This move demonstrates faith and belief in the capabilities of the private sector in the space sector and it will promote more innovation.

    Vigyan Yatras to promote Scientific Temper among Masses being organised by various institutions ahead of IISF 2020

    36 days ago
    Vigyan Yatras promoted Scientific Temper before the India International Science Festival (IISF). About India International Science Festival (IISF): It was launched in 2015 to celebrate the development of Science and Technology and demonstrate how science can bring India to developed countries in a short time. The purpose is to allow the public to interact with science, celebrate the joy of science, and show how science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) can provide us with solutions to improve the quality of life. The Ministry of Science & Technology and the Ministry of Earth Sciences have collaborated with VijnanaBharati (VIBHA) to create a unique platform for the Indian International Science Festival, which aims to stimulate people's curiosity and make learning more meaningful. About VigyanYatra: VigyanYatra is a promotional event of the India International Science Festival. In this event, the mobile science exhibition kicked off from many cities in the country. The vision of this scientific journey is to promote scientific temper and instill a scientific culture in the public. The program has also stimulated the minds of young people, because science exhibition mobile vans are viewed by all local school/university students that create interest in science and generate awareness about the IISF. Due to the unprecedented Covid-19 pandemic, the sixth edition of IISF will be organized on a virtual platform. Approximately 30 locations have been identified across the country where this science journey will be organized. Eminent science communicators, innovators, teachers, students and research scholars of the locality will be felicitated.

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