6 hours ago
DPIIT launched the website and mobile application L2Pro India (Learn to Protect, Secure, and Maximize Your Innovation) on Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) on 14 October 2019. It was launched by Secretary Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) Guruprasad Mohapatra.
L2Pro India website and app has been developed by DPIIT's Cell for IPR Promotion and Management (CIPAM) in association with Qualcomm and National Law University (NLU), Delhi.
♦ L2Pro India will be highly useful to the startup community in India. The startups are more tuned into investment and risk-taking. They lack legal knowledge. Hence, a functional website and app are available to help startups with the IP process.
♦ L2Pro India e-learning platform will aid and enable youth, innovators, entrepreneurs, and small and medium industries (SMEs) in understanding IPRs for their ownership and protection, integrate IP into business models, and obtain value for their R&D efforts.
♦ The learning app will ensure that innovation, which is fundamental to startups, are protected, managed, and commercialized.
2 days ago
The Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON) spacecraft launched aboard a Northrop Grumman Pegasus XL rocket, which was released in midair from its carrier plane, a Stargazer L-1011. The aircraft had taken off about an hour and a half earlier from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.
ICON make its way to Earth orbit on a mission to study the planet's ionosphere, a massive layer of our atmosphere that overlaps with the boundary of space. The spacecraft's measurements will help scientists better understand the link between space weather and terrestrial weather, and how the two interact in the ionosphere, mission team members
he ionosphere is continually changing, and it's very dynamic,"Nicky Fox, head of NASA's heliophysics division, explained during a prelaunch news briefing on Tuesday (Oct. 8).
Radio Waves - Global Positioning Waves
Scientists have long been eager for the vending-machine-size satellite to get off the ground to see what it might tell us about this mysterious region. According to Fox, the ionosphere gets its name thanks to radiation from the sun, which bombards the atoms and molecules in this part of the atmosphere, essentially giving them a charge a process called ionization.The unique phenomena, such as the auroras and geomagnetic storms, are created. It's hard to forecast when these types of events will occur, because the ionosphere is an incredibly difficult region to study.Scientists thought the sun caused most of the changes in the ionosphere, but more recent research suggests that is not the case; daily changes in the region are observed even when the sun isn't generating powerful storms. Fox explained that this is because terrestrial weather patterns and extreme events such as hurricanes also cause changes in the ionosphere.
This dynamic region where Earth weather meets space weather is home to the International Space Station and is a critical pathway for communications satellites. Radio waves and Global Positioning System (GPS) signals to pass directly through this turbulent layer, and those signals can be distorted by patches of ionized material.
This is an issue because space weather can not only have an impact on communications systems but also electronics and even power grids. To mitigate these effects, scientists are hoping to better understand the sun and its many processes.
The $252 million probes is going right into the thick of the ionosphere, heading for a circular orbit 357 miles (575 kilometers) above Earth's surface. Equipped with various instruments that are designed to measure winds and particles, ICON will also measure how dense the atmosphere is and analyze its chemical composition.
Such data were supposed to be rolling in already. ICON was originally scheduled to launch in 2017, but issues with the Pegasus caused multiple lengthy delays. (Bad weather also scuttled an attempt yesterday, Oct. 9.ICON finally got aloft tonight. Stargazer L-1011 took off from the Skid Strip runway at Cape Canaveral Air Force station at 8:32 p.m. EDT (0032 GMT) and headed for its planned drop zone about 50 to 100 miles (80 to 160 km) east of Daytona Beach.
The crew released the 57-foot-long (17 meters) rocket at 10:00 p.m. (0200 GMT), on its second approach to the drop zone. (On the first try, mission control briefly lost communication contact with the carrier plane, leading to an abort.) Five seconds after the drop, the three-stage Pegasus ignited and began to climb to orbit.
ICON will work in tandem with another NASA mission called GOLD (Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk) launched as a tagalong payload aboard a commercial communications satellite in January 2018. From its orbital perch 22,000 miles (35,400 km) above the Earth, GOLD has been monitoring the ionosphere from above. The two missions will work together to provide a complete picture of the inner workings of the ionosphere.
3 days ago
Oracle unveiled its first India data centre in Mumbai followed by another one in Hyderabad early next year. This aggressive expansion is in line with Oracle’s plans to add 20 new Gen 2 Cloud data centres globally by the end of 2020.
The union government and large enterprises tried to expand rapidly in India with the help of a local data centre. Indian data centre already become the fastest growing cloud data centre for Oracle globally even as the company officially opened it up for all customers. Data localisation requirements in India created a massive latent demand for local cloud data centres. Demand has already outstripped our expectations from Mumbai data centre.
Oracle signed up some of the large banks like HDFC Bank, Federal Bank, and Vysya Bank as clients for its India data centre. For now, the data centre will act as a direct competitor to AWS, Google, Microsoft and IBM. It is in the process of bringing its cloud application services also, making its applications accessible from anywhere.
Autonomous cloud database
Oracle is a new entrant to the cloud data centre market in India. But it is betting on higher-value services to get large enterprises and government to move to its clouds. According to Sutherland, Autonomous data centre will completely change the job of a data administrator in India. The redefined value that can be delivered from your workforce. That value mapping will change with autonomous cloud and with machine learning within apps, much of decision making can be automated. The workforce will have to retrain themselves.
Gen 2 Cloud
Gen 2 Cloud is the only modern, secure, enterprise-grade cloud that provides customers with a strong foundation to unlock innovation faster and drive new business growth. The Oracle Cloud seamlessly as they look to scale their business for the experience economy. The100 customers have already signed up for the new cloud region, signifying the rising adoption of Oracle Cloud in India. India is projected to total $2.4 billion in 2019. There is an increase of 24.3% from 2018, according to Gartner. India is also on pace to record the third-highest growth rate in 2019 after China (33%) and Indonesia (29%), taking into consideration that their revenue base is much smaller than those of mature markets data.
3 days ago
The NASA funded mission made the UK, the fourth nation to put a rover on the Moon.
India and Israel to send a rover to the lunar surface. They are working in its favor is the small size of the rover.
It weighs just 1.5 kilos.
The robot was created and designed by a UK space start-up called SpaceBit.
The rover's legs give humanity the chance for something a little bit like a human to explore the lunar surface.
SpaceBit partnered with a US firm called Astrobotic plans to send private companies to the Moon in 2021. The SpaceBit rover will travel onboard Astrobotic's Peregrine lander mission.
It will then depart from the lander and travel just 10 meters. The rover will also send HD video footage and 3D scans of the area back to Earth using built-in sensors. The SpaceBit rover using its legs to explore lava tubes a feat not possible with previous rovers. The hardy robot can withstand temperatures up to 130C, and as low as -130C. The rover will spend up to 10 days on the Moon before going into the night and basically freezing forever.
This mission will result in the first payload from the UK to reach the Moon surface and mark the beginning of a new era in commercial space exploration for Britain.
The other countries have put rovers on the Moon: the USA, Russia, and China. The mission is expected to touch down on the lunar surface in June or July 2021.
Headquarters: Washington, D.C. United States
Founder: Dwight D. Eisenhower
Founded: 29 July 1958
3 days ago
The government is to introduce POSHAN atlas under POSHAN Abhiyan, a mission introduced to ensure the attainment of malnutrition free India by 2022. The announcement was made by Union Minister of WCD Smriti Irani at the 5th National Council on India’s Nutrition Challenges.
POSHAN atlas is developed by the Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD) in association with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Deendayal Research Institute.
POSHAN atlas aims to tackle malnutrition. The government is developing the Atlas to map the crops and food grains that are grown in different regions of the country so that nutritious protein-rich food in local areas can be promoted.
POSHAN Abhiyan focuses to ensure the nutrition of children, women, and pregnant mothers in impoverished areas.
3 days ago
A multi-disciplinary team of 15 scientists and academics from six different institutes of South Korea, UK and India have generated an accurate facial representation of the Indus Valley Civilisation people. They reconstructed the faces of 2 of the 37 individuals who were found buried at the 4,500-year-old Rakhigarhi cemetery.
The scientists applied the craniofacial reconstruction (CFR) technique using computed tomography (CT) data of 2 of the Rakhigarhi skulls and recreated their faces.
The CFR technology generated faces of the two Rakhigarhi skulls, therefore, is a major breakthrough.
The 3-D video representation of the faces of the two individuals appeared to have Caucasian features with hawk-shaped and Roman noses.
So far, there has been no record of how the Indus Valley people looked. It was difficult to establish the physical appearance as the Indus Valley cemeteries and graves have not been investigated sufficiently to date. The anthropological data that are obtained from the skeletons of the Indus Valley people still fell short to recreate the morphology of the Indus Valley people.
Also, except, the Priest-King, a famous figurine found at Mohenjodaro there is no advanced or developed art from the Indus Valley civilization that could lead to an accurate representation of the morphology of its population.
4 days ago
Researchers found remains of Siamraptor suwati, a new species of giant meat-eating Dinosaur in the Thai province of Nakhon Ratchasima. The remains that were founded include skull, backbone, limbs and hip fossils. It belonged to four individuals of the new species.
♦ The Palaeontologists have named the new species Siamraptor suwati. It was named so to honour both Thailand and Suwat Liptapanlop, a benefactor of the research.
♦ Siamraptor suwati was four times bigger than a velociraptor. The dinosaur was 26 feet long. It lived around 145 million years ago. It belongs to a group of dinosaurs called Carcharodontosaurids. These dinosaurs evolved and diverged from the other members of the carcharodontosaur group early in their history. The remains were analyzed by Palaeontologists Duangsuda Chokchaloemwong of the Nakhon Ratchasima Rajabhat University.
♦ Siamraptor suwati is the first definitive archarodontosaurian fossil to be found in Southeast Asia.
Note: Carcharodontosaurids included some of the largest land predators ever known. The group includes Giganotosaurus, Mapusaurus, Carcharodontosaurus, and Tyrannotitan.
4 days ago
US-based Northrop Grumman Corporation launched the first satellite-servicing spacecraft robotic Mission Extension Vehicle-1 (MEV-1) successfully. It was launched aboard a Russian Proton rocket from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. It was launched along with the Eutelsat 5 West B communications satellite.
Mission of MEV-1:
The MEV-1 is a satellite service spacecraft. The mission of the spacecraft is to provide service to the Intelsat 901. MEV-1 will lend Intelsat 901, to make use of its orientation thrusters to put it back into an ideal target orbit. The mission aims to extend the useful span of the 18-year-old satellite by 5 years. MEV-1 spacecraft itself has a 15-year useful life. The spacecraft can dock and undock multiple times.
After completing the mission successfully, the MEV-1 could service any other orbital satellite that is running low on its own propellant supply.
4 days ago
The government launched the Pradhan Mantri innovative learning programme DHRUV in Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Bengaluru. The programme was launched by the Union Minister for Human Resources Development Ramesh Pokhariyal Nishank on 10 October. Centre has selected 60 qualified students for the 14-day long program which began on 10 October.
♦ DHRUV is a unique programme that aimed to identify talented students.
♦ The students will be mentored in the centre of excellence for 14 days so that they can reach their full potential and work for society. It will conclude on 24 October at IIT-Delhi.
Selection of students:
♦ The programme will sharpen the innovative skills and knowledge of the students. The students will likely suggest solutions to socio-economic, political and environmental issues relating to the country.
♦ The students from classes 9 to 12 from government and private schools are chosen for the programme.
♦ 30 students from the science group and 30 others from Performing Arts will be selected finally by an advisory committee headed by the Principal Scientific Advisor (PSA) in consultation with the Department of Science and Technology, Atal Innovation Mission, NITI Aayog and NCERT.
5 days ago
The Russian space agency has developed an UltraViolet telescope along with international participation to study short flashes in Earth's atmosphere. The telescope was delivered to ISS aboard the unmanned Soyuz MS-14 spacecraft on August 2019. The scientific equipment was mounted on ISS by the Russian cosmonaut Oleg Skripochka.
The telescope was created by SINP MSU staff, MSU physics students in collaboration with Tor Vergata University as part of the JEM-EUSO international collaboration. The device's optics and lenses were made in Italy and Japan and the electronic components were made in Russia. The telescope was assembled at SINP MSU.
The space experiment project UV atmosphere has begun its work on ISS. It has collected its first data of the size of more than 13 gigabytes. The data was received by the ISS Mission Control Center. It has been transferred to Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics of Lomonosov Moscow State University (SINP MSU) researchers and the Extreme Universe Space Observatory onboard Japanese Experiment Module (JEM-EUSO) to process and analyze it.
5 days ago
The government launched the Gagan Enabled Mariner’s Instrument for Navigation and Information (GEMINI) device. It was unveiled by Union Minister for Earth Sciences, Science & Technology and Health & Family Welfare, Dr. Harsh Vardhan in New Delhi.
The GEMINI device was developed by the Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS), an autonomous body under the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) along with the Airports Authority of India (AAI).
The device was electronically designed and developed by a private industry M/S Acord, Bangalore under Make in India Program.
♦ The GEMINI device has been developed to provide satellite-based communication which will be highly used to deal with cyclones, high waves, and tsunamis.
♦ It will also provide seamless and effective dissemination of emergency information and communication on disaster warnings.
♦ The low-cost device will forecast and map Potential Fishing Zones (PFZ) and Ocean States Forecasts (OSF) to fishermen.
♦ The device utilizes the GPS Aided Geo Augmented Navigation (GAGAN) satellite system for the transmission of the PFZ, OSF and disaster warnings to fishermen. GAGAN system consists of three geosynchronous satellites namely GSAT-8, GSAT-10, and GSAT-15.
♦ The PFZ Advisories provide information on the probable locations on fish aggregation in the seas and the OSF will provide the accurate state of the ocean to the fishermen.
5 days ago
A team of engineering students from Centre For Innovation (CFI) Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT-M) have developed Eye in the Sky, an Artificial Intelligence(AI) and Computer vision-based technology. It is used for disaster management and aid services. The technology utilizes drones with swarm intelligence for collecting data and analyzing it in real-time.
The technology aims to develop an end-to-end solution to identify accurate and critical information on people who trapped in disaster-hit areas. It will help them communicate with the relief task force. It is based on futuristic disruptive technologies.
Eye in the Sky:
♦ The analytical modules of the technology are based on the latest available technology created by the students in their own databases for some of the modules.
♦ The technology is platform agnostic and has immense value.
♦ Eye in the Sky can locate the altitude of the trapped people, whether a person is able to move or not. It can also detect people buried under the debris.
♦ With marginal development, it can be extensively used in surveillance operations.
The team won the finals of the Indian Innovation Growth Programme (IIGP 2.0) University Challenge held at IIT- Bombay recently fro their innovation Eye in the Sky. They were among Top 18 Innovative Startup from all over the nation. The team will receive Rs.10 lakh-worth equity-less funding. They also received Microsoft AI For Earth Grant given to only 390 projects globally.
October 8, 2019
Two NASA astronauts have successfully wrapped up a seven-hour and one minute spacewalk, marking the completion of the first of the five spacewalks to upgrade the station's power systems this month.
The replacement of nickel-hydrogen batteries with newer, more powerful lithium-ion batteries on the far end of the station's port truss, Expedition 61 Flight Engineers Christina Koch and Andrew Morgan of NASA concluded their spacewalk at 2.40 pm EDT on Sunday.The astronauts were also able to accomplish get-ahead tasks, including the removal of an additional nickel-hydrogen battery, originally scheduled for the second spacewalk.
These new batteries provide an improved power capacity for operations with a lighter mass and a smaller volume than the nickel-hydrogen batteries.
Mr Morgan and Ms Koch are scheduled to venture outside again for another spacewalk to continue the battery replacements on the first of the two power channels for the station's far port truss
The next spacewalks dedicated to the battery upgrades are scheduled on October 16, 21 and 25.
The battery spacewalks, the second half of this sequence of spacewalks will focus on repairs to the space station's Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer.
The Dates for those spacewalks are still being discussed, but they are expected to begin in November.
The Space station crew members have conducted 219 spacewalks in support of assembly and maintenance of the orbiting laboratory.
October 7, 2019
The Indian Institute of Technology-Guwahati (IIT-G) unveiled the development of Smart-Engineer, an Artificial Intelligence (AI)-assisted engineering system design tool to develop the motor of an electric vehicle (EV).
Smart-Engineer aims to address the lack of trained human resources in engineering design and system integration. It is one of the primary hurdles in indigenizing the electric vehicle (EV) technology.
♦ Smart-Engineer was developed by the e-mobility lab (EML) of the institute by a team of four Ph.D. and post-graduate students named Ankit Vishway, Rajendra Kumar, Bikash Sah, and Rajendra Kumar.
♦ The tool will help a novice design engineer to design a motor for EV application in the first phase without the need for much intervention from experts.
♦ It enables fresh engineers to learn from the collective knowledge and wisdom of the experts without necessarily having to interact with them.
♦ By enhancing the Smart-Engineer tool, the other domains of EV such as power electronics, control systems, battery management systems among others can also be addressed.
October 6, 2019
NASA has planned to conduct an all-female spacewalk again. It is conducting 6 months after the first attempt had to be canceled because of a lack of available spacesuits aboard the International Space Station.
The space agency announced that Christina Koch and Jessica Meir are scheduled to participate in the spacewalk together on 21 October.
Initially, Koch was scheduled in March to conduct a spacewalk with astronaut Anne McClain. Both require medium-size suits, and there was the only one available that would be ready in time.
Meir will conduct the fourth of five planned spacewalks to upgrade the power systems on the space station by installing new lithium-ion batteries.
October 5, 2019
ISRO has revealed its plan to carry out a space docking experiment, Spadex, in 2020. The announcement was made by ISRO Chairman K Sivan. Two experimental modules will be sent into space, on board a PSLV rocket, and two will be docked with each other. The announcement comes after ISRO's plan to set up India's own space station by 2030.
For the experiment, ISRO should master complex docking technology. This is an essential building-block process for setting up the country's own space station and sending humans to that station.
The docking process involves latching of one satellite with another with the help of on-board cameras and constant monitoring by the earth station. The complexity of the process comes as it involves controlling the speed of the two satellites and bringing them together so that they can dock and become a larger structure.
Space docking is meant for two purposes:
♦ To send human beings from a shuttle to a space station
♦ To assemble large satellites in space
October 4, 2019
Scientists from the University of Vermont have created the strongest silver ever made. The new metal that the team invented is 42% stronger than the previous world record. A complex technique has been used to create strong metal.
A new mechanism at the nanoscale level was used to make metals that are much storage than anything ever made before.
The stronger metals still maintain their electrical conductivity. But when it is made stronger with the mixture of alloy, the metal loses conductivity. The defects of the silver have undesirable qualities like brittleness or softening. The team mixed a trace amount of copper into the silver and transformed the two types of inherent nanoscale defects into a powerful internal structure. The team with the introduction of a new technique maintained both the strength of the metal and maintain conductivity.
October 4, 2019
NASA astronaut Nick Hague, alongside Soyuz Commander Alexey Ovchinin of the Russian space agency Roscosmos and visiting astronaut Hazzaa Ali Almansoori from the United Arab Emirates (UAE) safely returned to Earth after an eight-day stay on 4 October 2019. The crew landed safely in Kazakhstan.
On 14 March Hague and Ovchinin along with NASA astronaut Christina Koch started their mission to ISS. Later at the end of the mission, Hazzaa Ali Almansoori joined them. He set a record by becoming the first astronaut to visit the International Space Station from the United Arab Emirates. NASA astronaut Christina Koch remains aboard the orbiting laboratory for an extended mission.
The Expedition 60 crew conducted hundreds of experiments in biology, biotechnology, physical science, and Earth science, including investigations into devices that mimic the structure and function of human organs, free-flying robots, and an instrument to measure Earth’s distribution of carbon dioxide.
October 4, 2019
Chandrayaan 2's Orbiter payload, in its first few days of observation, detected charged particles, and its intensity variations, the Indian Space Research Organisation
The CLASS instrument on Chandrayaan-2 is designed to detect direct signatures of elements present in the lunar soil.
The Sun provides a rich source of x-rays to illuminate the lunar surface; secondary x-ray emission resulting from this can be detected by CLASS to directly detect the presence of key elements like Na, Ca, Al, Si, Ti and Fe,.The flash photography requires one to await an opportune time for Sun to be active, CLASS in its first few days of observation could detect charged particles and its intensity variations during its first passage through the geotail during September
The Sun emits a continuous outflowing stream of electrons and protons into the solar system, called the solar wind. The solar wind plasma which has charged particles embedded in the extended magnetic field of the Sun, moves at speeds of a few hundred km per second.
Solar System - Earth and Moon
The solar system bodies includes Earth and its moon.The Earth's magnetosphere is compressed into a region approximately three to four times the Earth radius on the opposite side that goes beyond the orbit of Moon.The Moon traverses the geotail for about 6 days centered around full moon. Thus Chandrayaan-2 also crosses this geotail and its instruments can study properties of geotail at a few hundred thousand kilometers from Earth.
October 3, 2019
NASA has awarded over $43 million to 14 companies in Tipping Point, a new partnership program, for space missions. It aims to develop technology for future space missions.
The partnership companies aim to develop technologies to get NASA to the Moon through the agency's Artemis programme, and potentially to Mars Mission.
Tipping point partnership:
The partnership program includes entities namely, Blue Origin, SpaceX, OxEon Energy, Skyre, Infinity Fuel Cell and Hydrogen, Paragon Space, TallannQuest, Accion Systems, CU Aerospace, ExoTerra, Blue Canyon Technologies, Astrobotic Technology, Intuitive Machines, and Luna Innovations. Blue Origin was awarded $10 million, SpaceX received $3 million.
About the project:
The projects include developing autonomous navigation for satellites, better propulsion systems, rover tech, advanced spacecraft avionics, cryogenic propellant among others.
October 2, 2019
A mobile app has been developed to collect complete datasets on smaller wetlands across the coastal region of the country.
The app was developed by the Space Applications Centre of Indian Space Research Organisation on a request from the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI).
The mobile app is aimed to generate a centralized digital database of the smaller wetlands (2.2 ha or below) across the country.
wetlands cover an area of more than five lakh hectares across the country, while Kerala has 2,592 smaller wetlands.
The app will be used to collect field-level data of the wetlands that include geospatial profile, size, water and soil quality, farmed species, pollution status, illegal construction and biodiversity specialities.
The concept is to integrate field-level regional wetland data to geospatial datasets so as to enable comprehensive monitoring system in the wake of climate change and wetland vulnerabilities
The app could become a game changer in making wetlands resilience by bridging the gap between satellite and ground data
The continuous monitoring will help provide village-level real time advisories for aqua-farmers and alerts on climatic phenomenon in the future.
A digital common platform on the health status of wetlands of the country could easily help understand such vulnerable regions, he added.
The initiative of monitoring the wetlands is carried out by the National Innovations in Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) project wing of the CMFRI.
October 1, 2019
Chinese President Xi Jinping kicked off a parade marking 70 years of Communist rule in China as pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong planned to upset the celebrations with a series of potentially violent protests.
The Oct. 1 National Day events in Beijing in a military parade past Tiananmen Square expected to show off China's most advanced weaponry, including ballistic missiles and warplanes. In Hong Kong, where protests have rocked the financial hub for 17 straight weekends, residents braced for numerous protests to push back against China's tightening grip over the city.
President: Xi Jinping Trending
October 1, 2019
The Soviet Union launched the world's first artificial satellite Sputnik I on October 1957. The US-Soviet Cold War, Sputnik's launch directly led to the foundation of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
The Weight of the Sputnik is 83.6 kg, the 58-cm-wide satellite transmitted signals for 21 days before losing speed and burning up in the atmosphere in 92 days.
History of Soviet Union
The history of Soviet Russia and the Soviet Union reflects a period of change for both Russia and the world. The terms Soviet Russia and Soviet Union often are synonymous in everyday speech, The foundations of the Soviet Union, Soviet Russia properly refers to the few years between the October Revolution of 1917 and the creation of the Soviet Union in 1922.
Headquarters: Washington, D.C., United States
Founder: Dwight D. Eisenhower
Founded: 29 July 1958, United States
Administered by: Jim Bridenstine
September 30, 2019
BRAHMOS supersonic cruise missile featuring Indian propulsion system, airframe, power supply and other major indigenous components successfully test-fired at 10.20 AM today from ITR, Chandipur in Odisha.
The missile was successfully test-fired for its full range of 290-km during the launch jointly conducted by DRDO and BrahMos Aerospace.
The indigenous content in the formidable weapon has reached a high value, thus bolstering India’s defence indigenisation and the flagship ‘Make in India’ programme.
Dr. G. Satheesh Reddy and DG, Missiles and Strategic Systems Shri MSR Prasad also congratulated for the successful launch.
DG (BrahMos) Dr Sudhir Kumar Mishra, Director DRDL Dr Dashrath Ram and Dr BK Das Director ITR coordinated and witnessed the entire mission at the launch site and termed the successful flight test as a landmark achievement in enhancing India’s “Make in India” capabilities.They jointly developed by India and Russia, the versatile BRAHMOS has been operationalised in the Indian Armed Forces with all the three services.
The life extension test firing of BRAHMOS was conducted from a Static Inclined Launcher proving the efficacy and longevity of the system which was witnessed bv scientists.
It is a joint venture between DRDO and the NPOM of Russia. The highly versatile precision strike weapon operationalised in the Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force. BRAHMOS has established itself as a major force multiplier" in modern-day complex battlefields with its impeccable land-attack and anti-ship capabilities along with multi-role and multi-platform abilities.
September 29, 2019
Astronomers have discovered a 13-billion-year-old galaxy cluster that is the earliest ever observed.
The early-stage cluster called a protocluster is not easy to find Yuichi Harikane, a researcher at the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan who led the international team.
A protocluster is a rare and special system with an extremely high density.
The researchers used the wide viewing field of the Subaru telescope in Hawaii to map a large area of the sky in their search.
The discovery of the protocluster, a collection of 12 galaxies, suggests that large cosmic structures were present in the very early stages of the universe which scientists believe was born 13.8 billion years ago.
The 12 galaxies is known as Himiko, a giant gas cloud found in 2009 by using the same telescope.It is reasonable to find a protocluster near a massive object such as Himiko.
The Himiko was located on the edge of 500 million light-years away from the center.It is still not understood why Himiko is not located in the center,These results will be key for understanding the relationship between clusters and massive galaxies.
National Astronomical Observatory of Japan
September 27, 2019
The United States premier space agency NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) Chandrayaan-2's Vikram lander had a hard landing on the Moon's surface. While releasing high-resolution images captured by its Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera (LROC) during a lunar flyby.
The Vikram lander attempted a soft landing on a small patch of lunar highland smooth plains between Simpelius N and Manzinus C craters on September 7 contact with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
The agency verify the exact location of the spacecraft. The images captured by LROC also do not pinpoint Chandrayaan 2 Vikram lander's location but it is possible that it is hiding in shadow.
India's first attempt at a soft landing on the Moon. The site was located about 600 kilometers from the south pole in a relatively ancient terrain.
The LRO passed over the landing site on September 17 and acquired a set of high-resolution images of the area; so far the LROC team has not been able to locate or image the lander.
September 27, 2019
Centre unveiled the first Indigenous High-Temperature Fuel Cell System on the occasion of CSIR Foundation Day at New Delhi. It was unveiled by the President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind. It was developed by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in partnership with Indian industries under India’s flagship program named New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative (NMITLI). The Cell would replace Diesel Generating (DG) sets and help reduce India’s dependence on crude oil. The Fuel Cells is in line with India’s mission of replacing diesel with green and alternate fuels
Fuel cell system:
The 5.0 kW fuel cell system generates power using methanol/bio-methane along with heat and water as bi-products for further use. The power generated will amount to greater than 70% efficiency, which is not possible by other sources. Fuel Cells are based on High-Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane (HTPEM) Technology.
Application: The Fuel cell system will be used in distributed stationary power applications like for small offices, commercial units, data centers etc., where highly reliable power is essential with a simultaneous requirement for air-conditioning. It will meet the requirement of efficient, clean and reliable backup power generator for telecom towers, remote locations, and strategic applications as well.
September 27, 2019
NASA has released the new visualization of the image of a black hole. The new visualization of the image was created by Jeremy Schnittman. It is hoped that the visualization will make Einstein's theory of special relativity a bit easier to understand. The visualization shows the black hole appearance. The infalling objects or matter gets collected into a thin, hot structure called an accretion disk. The extreme gravity skews light that is emitted from the black hole by different regions of the disk, produces the misshapen appearance.
First Image of the black hole:
In April 2019, the astronomers have taken the first-ever image of a black hole. It is located in a distant galaxy known as Messier 87 (M87). The galaxy is located 50 million light-years away. It was captured by the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT).
♦ Black holes- An extraordinary cosmic objects with enormous masses but extremely compact sizes
♦ The presence of these objects affects their environment in extreme ways as it warps spacetime and super-heat any surrounding material so that it glows
♦ The theory of general relativity predicts that the heated material will illuminate the extremely warped spacetime, making a dark shadow visible.
September 26, 2019
BSNL launched a new Super Star 500 broadband plan that offers 500GB data at up to 50Mbps speed per month. This plan also offers complimentary subscription of Hotstar. It is available in two options one is a DSL plan and the other is a Bharat Fibre plan. The latter comes with 50Mbps speed, whereas the DSL plan gives subscribers up to 10Mbps data speed. The 500GB data FUP, the Internet speed will be reduced to just 2Mbps.
BSNL Super Star 500
The new BSNL Super Star 500 broadband plan offers 500GB monthly data FUP, unlimited voice calls to any network within India, and a complimentary Hotstar Premium subscription without any extra cost. The price of this new Super Star 500 broadband plan is Rs. 949.An annual Hotstar subscription is priced at Rs. 999, and this is offered for free to the broadband subscribers. Of course, Bharat Fibre users get 50Mbps speeds while the DSL plan users get 10Mbps speeds only. This plan would be available across all circles except Andaman and Nicobar.
BSNL launched the Super Star 300 broadband plan that offers 300GB monthly data FUP, instead of 500GB. It offers unlimited voice calls to any network within India, and a complimentary Hotstar Premium subscription. This recently launched Super Star 300 broadband plan is priced at Rs. 749, and is live in most circles as well.
The new Super Star 500 plan should compete with Jio Fiber's Rs. 849 Silver plan that offers 100Mbps speeds, 200GB data FUP (200GB extra as part of the welcome offer), free voice calling, 3 months of OTT apps subscription, TV video calling feature, zero latency gaming feature, Home networking feature, and Norton device security for a year.
September 25, 2019
NASA has partnered and contracted American global aerospace company Lockheed Martin to develop minimum six and as many as 12 spacecraft for its Artemis lunar exploration programme.
About the contract:
NASA has designated a total of around USD 4.6 billion for six spacecraft. For the first three vehicles, the deals have been closed with $2.7 billion. An additional $1.9 billion for another three in the 2022 fiscal year. It is suspected that NASA may eventually order another 6 Orion capsules for its Artemis moon missions by 30 September 2030.
NASA's Artemis programme aims to land American astronauts on the Moon by 2024. The programme goals to land the first woman and the next man. The mission aims to lay the foundation for private companies to build a lunar economy, and eventually sending humans to Mars.
September 25, 2019
A MiG-21 trainer aircraft belonging to the Indian Air Force (IAF) Tactics and Air Combat Development Establishment (TACDE) school crashed near its Gwalior Air Force Base in Madhya Pradesh.
The fighter jet, which was on a routine mission, crashed at around 10 am. Both pilots - a Group Captain and a Squadron Leader - managed to eject safely.
The two pilots ejected safely, according to the information passed to us from the village head from the spot, some 60 km from the district headquarters.
This is thought to the 12th IAF crash in this year alone. The Air Force has ordered an inquiry into the incident to ascertain the cause of the crash.
The pilot managed to eject successfully. According to sources, the plane took off on a routine mission afternoon when its engine developed technical issues.
According to the Air Force, the MiG-21 is a Soviet-era single-engine multirole fighter/ground attack aircraft that forms the backbone of its fleet. It was first inducted into the IAF in the 1960s.
The upgrades included powerful multimode radars, better avionics and communication systems. Although these jets could initially only carry dumb bombs.
September 25, 2019
RamanSat 2, a miniature satellite made by Aabhaas Sikka, a 17-year-old student successfully launched by NASA.
The satellite, which measures 4 cm x 4 cm x 4 cm, was developed by Sikka, during his internship with SPACE-India, an organization working in the field of astronomy, space education, and technology. SPACE-India also provides the necessary training and guidance to young innovators.
The experiment consists of a balloon carrying RamanSat 2 successfully launched from NASA's Columbia Scientific Balloon Facility in New Mexico, USA, on Monday night and achieved an altitude of 38 km.
RamanSat 2 developed with help from Sachin Bahmba, Founder and CMD of SPACE Group, along with the company’s research team.
The miniature satellite is carrying state-of-the-art equipment which will measure the radiation from the sun and space.
The experiment intends to make exploration of space safer for humans and satellites.
India is preparing to send astronauts into space in its first human space flight mission Gaganyaan in 2022.
September 25, 2019
Japan launched an unmanned spacecraft towards the International Space Station after a fire early this month delayed the mission.
The H-2B rocket lifted off at 1:05 am local time (1605 GMT Tuesday) with cargo vessel Kounotori8, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
The launch took place from the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency's Tanegashima Space Center in southwestern Japan.
Public broadcaster NHK cited Mitsubishi Heavy as saying the fire was likely ignited by static electricity generated when liquid oxygen from the rocket came into contact with heat-resistant material on the launchpad.
The material was covered with aluminum sheets to prevent a recurrence.
Kounotori8 meaning white stork in Japanese, intends to deliver about 5.3 tonnes of supplies to astronauts at the ISS, including fresh food and water as well as batteries and devices needed for experiments.
Antonov An-225 Mriya
It is strategic airlift cargo aircraft designed by the Antonov Design Bureau in the Ukrainian SSR within the Soviet Union during the 1980s.
The single example built has the Ukrainian civil registration UR-82060. A second airframe with a slightly different configuration.
September 24, 2019
Centre has launched two mobile Apps for the farmers. The mobile applications named CHC Farm Machinery and Krishi Kisan App for Geo Tagging will give easy access to high value and technical agricultural equipment at their doorstep. The mobile app was launched by Shri Narendra Singh Tomar, Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
Krishi Kisan App:
The Krishi Kisan App will provide the farmers with the information of the best demonstration of high-yielding crops and seeds in their nearby area. Any farmer with high quality of crops will be able to utilize this platform to demonstrate best practices of cultivation to other farmers so that this will help other farmers also to adopt these methods. The App will also help in geo-tagging and geo-fencing of crop and give weather forecast message to farmers. Every farmer can utilize these services for the betterment of their cultivation methods and thereby ensuring higher agricultural productivity.
CHC Farm Machinery:
The Multi-lingual Mobile App CHC Farm Machinery is already available to customer service providers for registration and uploading with geo-reference photographs of agricultural machinery custom service centers and photographs of machinery available in it.
Through this app, the small and marginal farmers can easily access the high value and technical agricultural equipment which will facilitate optimum use of all types of inputs using these farming machines. It is expected that it will take mechanization to maximum farm holdings in a short time frame. This app will connect the farmers with Custom Hiring Service Centres in their area. The app can be downloaded on any android phone from Google Play Store.
September 24, 2019
September 24, 2019 (Tuesday) marks five Earth years in the Martian Orbit for Isro's Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), bringing subdued cheer at the space agency, amid a lull caused by an unsuccessful attempt at soft-landing Vikram, Chandrayaan-2's lander on Moon.
MOM was designed for just six months around Mars its long life a feat for Isro, which had failed to achieve to Chandrayaan-1, its first mission to Moon, in 2008.
2.5 Martian Years
MOM had completed five Earth years around Mars it only amounts to two-and-a-half Martian years.The Mars actually take more than the double of 365.
September 22, 2019
Nasscom’s Data Security Council of India (DSCI) collaborated with the electronics and IT ministry (MeitY) and Google India to launch a nationwide awareness campaign Digital Payment Abhiyan
Communications and Electronics & IT Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad launched the campaign that will educate end-users on the benefits of making digital payments and urge them to adopt security and safety best practices.
The campaign was launched at the Google for India event.
To drive the campaign objectives and amplify outreach to users across all states, DSCI has onboarded various digital payments ecosystem partners.
These partners include representation from banking, card networks as well as fin-tech segment.
Airtel Payments Bank Ltd, Axis Bank, BharatPe, CID Karnataka, Google Pay, Government of Telangana, HDFC Bank, MasterCard, NABARD, National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI), Paypal, Paytm Payments Bank Limited, PayU, State Bank of India (SBI) and VISA.
Pan India Campaign
The Pan-India campaign crafted in seven languages namely Hindi, English, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Bengali and Marathi and will engage with users and make them aware of the dos and don’ts for different payment channels including UPI, wallets, cards as well as netbanking and mobile banking.
Digital payments are shaping the financial ecosystem by providing citizens with new mediums to pay electronically and move towards a cashless society.
India is forecasted to see the fastest growth in digital payments transaction value between 2019 and 2023, with a CAGR (compounded annual growth rate) of 20.2 percent, ahead of China and the United States, the KPMG report said.
Globally, the digital payments market size is expected to touch $10.07 trillion by 2026.The growth will be fuelled majorly by emerging Asian countries which are forecasted to grow by 28.8 percent till 2024.
September 22, 2019
Indian School of Business (ISB) Hyderabad, Telangana ranked 7th globally and 1st in Asia in the Forbes Best International 1-Year Business Schools 2019 rankings. The Forbes surveyed more than 100 schools. The annual Forbes list ranked the schools on their 5-year MBA (Master of Business Administration) gain.
ISB participated in the ranking for the first time.
ISB’s Post Graduate Programme in Management (PGP) is currently ranked 24 worldwide as per the Financial Times Global MBA Rankings 2019.The top most institutes are:
1 International Institute for Management Development (IMD) Lausanne, Switzerland
2 Insead Fontainebleau (France) & Singapore
3 Judge Business School Cambridge, United Kingdom
4 SDA Bocconi School of Management Milan, Italy
5 Said Business School Oxford, United Kingdom
Indian School of Business (ISB)
Indian School of Business is a private business school established in India in 2001. It has two campuses in Hyderabad, and in Mohali. It offers certificates in various post-graduate management programs.
September 21, 2019
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Chief K Sivan has announced that the Chandrayaan-2 mission has achieved 98% of its objectives. Despite tracing the location of the lander Vikram, communication could not be established. The Space Agency confirmed that the lander is intact as a single-piece and not broken into pieces.
Chandrayaan-2 mission aimed at science and technology demonstration which was almost achieved fully. The lunar mission was India's first attempt at landing a spacecraft on the moon.
ISRO has announced its next priority mission Gaganyaan. The most ambitious manned mission has been scheduled to be launched in 2022. Gaganyaan's mission aims to send the astronauts to space and bring them back to earth safely.
September 19, 2019
Google Pay has grown more than three times to 67 million monthly active users, driving transactions worth over $110 billion on an annualized basis across offline and online merchants.
The two-thirds of the transactions are coming from tier-II and -III cities and towns.
Google Pay competes with players like Paytm and PhonePe is introducing the Spot platform that will enable merchants to create branded commercial experiences and reach new customers.
Google already onboarded merchants like UrbanClap, Goibibo, MakeMyTrip, RedBus, Eat.Fit and Oven Story through its early access programme.
Google Pay is also rolling out tokenized cards in the next few weeks to offer a secure way of paying for things using a digital token on the phone rather than the actual card number.
This is a free app for small and medium-sized merchants to enable digital payments where verification process is carried out remotely. The massive growth in digital payments, a vast majority of India’s over 60 million small businesses is still not benefiting from the growing digital economy.Google launched Jobs as a Spot on Google Pay to help job seekers find and prepare for entry-level positions.
Google is also introducing Job Spot with 24 early partners in retail like 24 Seven and Healthkart, delivery and logistics partners like Swiggy, Zomato and Dunzo and hospitality providers like Fabhotels.
He is partnering with the National Skills Development Corporation for its Skill India programme.
The partnering state-run BSNL to bring high-speed public WiFi to villages in Gujarat, Bihar and Maharashtra.
Vodafone Idea for ‘Vodafone-Idea Phone Line’ to enable 2G customers of the telecom major get access to information without using data.
The users can call a toll-free number to get answers to questions ranging from sports scores to traffic conditions or even getting help with homework.
The service, supported by Google Assistant will be available in Hindi and English.
September 18, 2019
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) joined hands with Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) for the development of human-centric systems for the Human Space Mission to demonstrate its human space flight capabilities. A delegation of ISRO scientists, led by Director, Human Space Flight Centre (HSFC) Dr S Unnikrishnan Nair signed a set of MoUs with various DRDO labs
To provide technologies for human centric systems and technologies specific to the Human Space Mission.
Mou's Signed By
The MoUs were signed by Directors of Aerial Delivery Research & Development Establishment (ADRDE), Defence Food Research Laboratory (DFRL), Defence Bioengineering & ElectroMedical Laboratory (DEBEL), Defence Laboratory (DL) Jodhpur, Centre for Fire, Explosive & Environment Safety (CFEES), Defence Institute of Physiology & Allied Sciences (DIPAS) and Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Allied Sciences (INMAS) in the presence of Secretary, Department of Defence R&D and Chairman DRDO, Dr G Satheesh Reddy and Scientist & Director General (Life Sciences), Dr A K Singh.
The technological capabilities existing in DRDO laboratories for defence applications will be customised to meet the requirements of the human space mission of ISRO. The ISRO medications include space food, space crew health monitoring and emergency survival kit, radiation measurement and protection, parachutes for safe recovery of the crew module and others.
ISRO for the human space flight and customisation of the required technologies already been initiated to meet the stringent timelines. ISRO aims to demonstrate human spaceflight capability before the 75th anniversary of India’s independence in 2022.
The critical technologies to be provided by DRDO to ISRO include space food, space crew health monitoring and emergency survival kit, radiation measurement and protection, parachutes for the safe recovery of the crew module and others.
September 17, 2019
State-run Bharat Electronics Ltd signed a contract with the Ministry of Defence (MoD) in New Delhi. The main aim is to deliver its surface-to-air Akash missile systems to seven more squadrons of the Indian Air Force. They are at a cost of Rs 5,357 crore over the next three years. The contract with specialist infrastructure, the systems will be commissioned in three years at seven Air Force bases across the country.
The contract with specialist infrastructure, the systems will be commissioned in three years at seven Air Force bases across the country.
The company supplied the medium-range missile defence system to six Air Force squadrons in 2015-16 against an earlier order by the MoD.
The missiles are designed and developed by the state-run Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and produced by the Hyderabad-based Bharat Dynamics.
Bharat Electronics Limited
Bharat Electronics Limited is an Indian state-owned defence company with nine factories and few regional offices in India. It is owned by the Indian Government and primarily manufactures advanced electronic products for the Indian Armed Forces.
Akash is a medium-range mobile surface-to-air missile defense system .
Developed : Defence Research and Development Organisation
Produced : Bharat Dynamics Limited for Missile Systems and Bharat Electronics for other radar control centers in India.
September 15, 2019
Marriott International, the world's largest hotel chain will eliminate small plastic bottles of shampoo, conditioner and bath gel from its hotel rooms worldwide by December 2020. They'll be replaced with larger bottles or wall-mounted dispensers, depending on the hotel.
They will eliminate about 200 million tiny bottles each year by 2021.
Marriott more than 7,000 hotels in 131 countries under 30 brands, ranging from SpringHill Suites and Residence Inn to Sheraton and Ritz-Carlton. It says it will be eliminating about 500 million small bottles each year, or 1.7 million pounds of plastic.
Maryland-based Marriott started replacing small bottles early last year at some North American brands, including Courtyard and Fairfield hotels. About 1,000 of those now feature larger bottles or pump dispensers that are hooked to the shower wall.
The larger bottles will still be plastic, and Marriott still plans to replace them - not just refill them - when they run low. But Naguib said the larger bottles are easier to recycle than smaller ones.
Plastic pollution is an urgent global crisis and the time is now to think reusable instead of disposable.
The lawmakers in California are considering banning hotels from using small shampoo bottles in 2023, while the European Union is banning a wide range of single-use plastic items, like cutlery and plates, by 2021.
The Marriott last year when it banned plastic straws and stirrers. Many people like collecting hotel shampoo bottles.
September 14, 2019
Russia has terminated the robot called Fedor which was sent to the International Space Station (ISS). The robot was sent to assist the astronauts on spacewalks. But Fedor could not replace astronauts on spacewalks.
Final Experimental Demonstration Object Research (Fedor), the humanoid machine, was built to assist space station astronauts. Fedor is a 180 cm and 160 Kg humanoid robot that was sent in a unmanned Soyuz MS-14 vehicle on 22 August. SkybotF850 is a humanoid bipedal robot, which means it resembles a human being and walks like one too. Fedor was designed in a way it has the ability to mirror its controllers’ movements. This facility will enable it to conduct experiments in potentially risky environments while being controlled from a safe distance.
September 14, 2019
NASA has created a CGI Moon kit that will allow humanity to experience their closest galactic neighbor as never before. Using data and imagery from NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) the CGI Moon kit was created.
The aim of the CGI Moon kit is to make NASA’s data more accessible to 3-D artists.
CGI Moon kit:
CGI Moon kit was created by Ernie Wright is a science visualizer. He works at the Scientific Visualization Studio at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. Initially, the 3D Moon map was created as a Scientific Visualization Studio (SVS) resource. Later Multiple requests were received which helped in the creation of the Moon visualizations. The Kit will bring the LRO data within reach of lots of other artists who want to do the kinds of things.
September 14, 2019
For the first time ever the NASA astronomers have discovered water in the atmosphere of a planet named K2-18b. The researcher said that the planet has earth-like temperatures which can support life.
The astronomers used archive data from 2016 and 2017 captured by the ESA/NASA Hubble Space Telescope. They then developed open-source algorithms which was used to analyze the starlight filtered through K2-18b's atmosphere. The analysis showed the molecular signature of water vapour. It also showed the presence of hydrogen and helium in the planet's atmosphere.
K2-18b is eight times the mass of Earth. It was discovered in 2015. So far, only this planet has both water and temperatures that could be potentially habitable. The K2-18b orbits the cool dwarf star K2-18b. It is located Leo constellation, about 110 light-years from the Earth.
September 14, 2019
US internet giant Google agreed a settlement totalling 945 million euros ($1.0 billion) to end a tax dispute in France under an agreement announced in court
The company will pay a 500-million-euro fine for tax evasion, as well as a further 465 million euros to settle claims with French tax authorities.
The settlement and hailed the fact it had put an end to fiscal differences that it had had with France for numerous years.The settlement follows similar out-of-court agreements reached in Italy and Britain by Google in recent
a coordinated reform for a clear international taxation framework.
The settlement comes as France and its European allies seek to find common ground with the United States in a long-running dispute over the taxation of digital giants.Google, like several other big American tech companies, has its European headquarters in Ireland, where the government has set the corporate tax rate at just 12.5 percent in a bid to attract big companies.But leading EU states like France argue that this is allowing tech giants to avoid paying sufficient taxes on the huge profits and sales they accrue in big countries outside where the tech giants are headquartered.
The French parliament in July passed a law taxing digital giants on their French operations, drawing an angry response from US President Donald Trump and threats of retaliation.The British government is now planning a similar move, at a time when it also hopes to build on its relationship with Washington as it exits the European Union.
French President Emmanuel Macron said alongside Trump at the G7 summit in August that leaders had reached an agreement on the taxation of tech giants, though the precise details remain to be worked out.
The digital tax once a new international levy being discussed among the 134 OECD countries is in place which Paris hopes will happen next year.
Pascal Saint-Amans, who is leading the negotiations as head of tax policy at the OECD, said after the G7 that progress is being made but several key issues still need to be hammered out.
The Google investigation in France was first opened by anti-fraud prosecutors in 2015 and was followed by searches at its Paris headquarters in 2016.
September 14, 2019
The first time discovered water in the atmosphere of a planet orbiting within the habitable zone of a distant star.The finding makes the world is called K2-18b - a plausible candidate in the search for alien life.
The new space telescopes might be able to determine whether K2-18b's atmosphere contains gases that could be produced by living organisms.
The details were published in the scientific journal Nature Astronomy.The lead scientist, Prof Giovanna Tinetti of University College London (UCL), described the discovery as mind blowing.This is the first time that we have detected water on a planet in the habitable zone around a star where the temperature is potentially compatible with the presence of life.
The habitable zone is the region around a star where temperatures are considered sufficiently benign for water to exist in liquid form on the surface of a planet.
The new planet is just over twice the size of Earth - in a planet category known as a super Earth and has a temperature cool enough to have liquid water, between zero and 40C.
K2-18b is 111 light-years - about 650 million million miles - from Earth, too far to send a probe. So the only option is to wait for the next generation of space telescopes to be launched in the 2020s and to look for gases in the planet's atmosphere that could only be produced by living organisms.The first exoplanet was discovered in 1992, orbiting a pulsar (a neutron star that emits electromagnetic radiation)
The researchers determined some of the chemicals in their atmosphere by studying the changes to the starlight as the planets orbited their suns. The light filtered through the planets' atmospheres was subtly altered by the composition of the atmosphere.
K2-18b cannot be classified as a mini-Neptune, it is more likely to be a planet with an interior of rock and ices. These types of planets are sometimes called 'ocean planets'.
September 14, 2019
China successfully launched three satellites including a resource satellite into planned orbits which will help in disaster prevention, urban construction and monitor polar regions and global climate change.
The resource satellite and two small satellites were launched on a Long March-4B carrier rocket at 11:26 am local time from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Centre in north China's Shanxi Province.
The resource satellite ZY-1 02D is developed by the China Academy of Space Technology (CAST) and is an important part of China's space-based infrastructure.
It will provide observation data for natural resources asset management, ecological monitoring, disaster prevention and control, environmental protection, urban construction, transportation and contingency management.
ZY-1 02D will form a network with more satellites to follow. It will work in the solar synchronous orbit at 778-km above the Earth. It carries a near-infrared camera with a coverage width of 115-km.
It also carries a 166-band hyperspectral camera that can produce 166 pictures with different colour bands simultaneously. The camera can capture the reflected light information of various minerals, and be used to analyse complicated mineral compositions and distribution.
The satellite can also be used to observe chlorophyll concentration, water transparency and total suspended matter concentration in lakes to help monitor the environment and prevent water pollution.
One of the two small satellites launched on the same rocket belongs to Beijing Normal University, and is named BNU-1, and the other belongs to a Shanghai-based private space technology company. Both have an expected lifespan of one year.
BNU-1, developed by a Shenzhen-based company affiliated to CAST, weighs about 16 kilogrammes, and will be mainly used to monitor polar climate and environment, greatly helping research of the polar regions and global climate change.
The satellite can report sea ice changes, which could help with ship navigation and make channel risk assessments. Thursday's launch is the 310th mission of the Long March carrier rocket series.
September 13, 2019
Scientists in the field of photonic crystals have created a flexible smart skin that can change colour like a chameleon. The colour will change in response to the environment without changing shape.
Colour changing smart skin:
The smart skin is fragile and buckles after being exposed to varying temperatures. The researchers created it by studying time-lapse videos of chameleons' phase-shifting skin. This is achieved by embedding photonic crystal arrays into flexible, water-containing polymers. The colour change was achieved by expanding or contracting the hydrogel that changed the spacing in the arrays.
The smart skin has its applications in various applications like camouflage, signaling, and anti-counterfeiting. MIT's color-changing ink, on the other hand, let the users change the patterns and colors of their shoes, cars and more.
Chameleons can change colour using the photonic crystals in its skin. When the chameleon is relaxed or tense the muscles it reflects the light in a different pattern. This result is expressed in a change of color
September 13, 2019
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has announced that it is to exchange notes with Israel’s private space center, SpaceIL. In February 2019, Israel SpaceIL’s Beresheet mission lost robotic lunar lander in a manner similar to Chandrayaan-2’s lander Vikram.
ISRO committee the analyzed Chandrayaan's failure concluded its inquiry into how and why lander Vikram lost the communication link with the master control room. Now the two countries rea planning to exchange notes and discuss the factors that led to the failure of the Lander's landing.
Beresheet Lunar Mission was an Israeli mission that was launched in February. It was launched by a partnership between nonprofit SpacelL and government-owned aerospace company Israel Aerospace Industries. Beresheet crashed during an attempt to land on the lunar surface.