1 day ago
Sushruta (around 7th or 6th century BC) was a doctor in ancient India, presently known as the "Father of Indian Medicine" and "Father of Plastic Surgery" for designing and developing surgical procedures.
♦ Sushruta (around 7th or 6th century BC) was a doctor in ancient India. His work on Sushruta Samhita (Sushruta's Compendium) is considered the oldest plastic surgery work in the world, and is recognized as one of the Great Trilogy of Ayurvedic medicine (the other two are Charaka Samhita, before that), and Astanga Hridaya was followed closely). Sushruta is believed to live in Kashi.
♦ Sushruta Samhita recorded the causes of more than 1,100 diseases, the use of many medicinal plants, and guidelines for performing different operations, including three types of skin grafts and nose reconstruction.
♦ Sushruta's paper provides the first written record of rhinoplasty with a forehead flap, a technique that is still used to reconstruct the nose.
♦ He is the first student in human history to propose a surgical operation, who suggested anatomy of a cadaver to understand the human body and its organs.
♦ In the 8th century AD, Sushruta Samhita was translated into Arabic and was called "Kitab Shah Shun al-Hindi" and "Kitab-I-Susurud".
♦ In the early 19th century, Hessler published the first European translation of Sushruta Samhita in Latin, and Mueller published in German. The complete English literature is a three-volume version written by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna in Kolkata in 1907.
38 days ago
International Bharathi Festival 2020 was organized by the Vanavil Cultural Center to celebrate the 138th birthday of Mahakavi Subramanya Bharathi, and Scholar Shri Seeni Viswanathan won the Bharati Award 2020.
He is widely known as "MahakaviBharathi" and is a Tamil writer, poet, journalist, Indian independent activist, social reformer and polyglot. He fought for the liberation of women, opposed child marriage, and advocated the reform of Brahmanism and religion. Bharati as a young man and began his career in 1904 as a journalist and associate editor in "Swadesamitran". He launched the weekly "India" in May 1906. It declared the three slogans of the French Revolution: Freedom, Equality and Fraternity.
"India" was the 1st paper in Tamil Nadu to publish political cartoons. Bharati opposed the caste system. He took a series of revolutionary measures to challenge orthodoxy by decorating many Dalits in Tamil Nadu on upanayana (sacred thread). Bharati advocated & ensured entry of Dalits into temples. He visualized "woman" as Shakti or Power. Bharati also published the cover of "Chakravarthini" magazine in 1906, which focused on empowering Indian women.
He also advocated and campaigned women's participation in politics, their rights and education. The Bharati Award was instituted by the Vanavil Cultural Center in 1994 and is awarded every year to outstanding individuals who have made outstanding contributions in any field related to society and who have worked hard to realize Bharati's dream.
63 days ago
The 140th anniversary of Veermamunivar’s birth was celebrated on November 8, 2020. Veeramamunivar, a Jesuit priest, is famous in the Tamil literature circle for his epic Thembavani. Christian missionaries also composed small literary works including Thevaram based on hymns sung by the Saivaite saints.
♦ Veermamunivar was attracted by the bhakti movement that thrived in Tamil Nadu and the singing of hymns by the Nayanmar and Azwar people.
♦ The Bhakti movement refers to the trend of spiritual spirituality that appeared in Hinduism in the Middle Ages, which later became the de facto catalyst for the formation of Sikhism.
♦ It originated in southern India (now Tamil Nadu and Kerala) in the eighth century and spread northward. From the 15th century, it swept across the east and north of India, and reached its peak in the 15th to 17th centuries CE.
♦ The movement began with Saiva Nayanars and Vaisnava Alvars, who lived between the 5th and 9th centuries AD. Their efforts eventually helped spread Bhakti’s poems and ideas throughout India from the 12th to the 18th century.
♦ The movement was inspired by many poets and saints, who advocated a wide range of philosophical positions, from the dualism of Devata theology to the absolute monism of Advata Vedanta.
♦ The Bhakti movement began with the purpose of reforming Hinduism.
95 days ago
The International Weightlifting Federation (IWF) on October 16, 2020, announced the appointment of Michael Irani as its interim President. Michael Irani was appointed after the resignation of IWF President Tamás Aján.
International Weightlifting Federation (IWF):
International Weightlifting Federation was founded in 1905 and had its headquarters at Budapest, Hungary.
Michael Irani was born in Bombay, who is a leading physician in Rheumatology and works as a Consultant Rheumatologist at Ashford Hospital NHS Trust. Irani was the former Chairman of the anti-doping Commission of IWF. And he was also a member of the IWF Medical Committee since 1992. He served as the President of the European Weightlifting Federation (EWF) Medical Committee from 1995 to 1999.
97 days ago
Defence Minister Shri Rajnath Singh gives away Raksha Mantri Trophy for Best Command Hospitals Armed Forces Medical Services (AFMS) for the year 2019 on October 16, 2020.
The Defence Secretary attended the award function besides senior service and civilian dignitaries.
♦ Command Hospital (Air Force) Bengaluru has backed the Best Command Hospital for the year 2019.
♦ Command Hospital (Eastern Command) Kolkata has backed as the Second Best Command Hospital for the year 2019.
♦ AFMS was acknowledged for its incredible services from combat medical support to troops deployed in operational roles.
♦ AFMS has provided its services at mid-zonal, zonal, and tertiary care hospitals of its.
♦ The Raksha Mantri Trophy was first instituted in the year 1989
♦ The Raksha Mantri Trophy is to recognize excellence in healthcare services provided by Command Hospitals of the AFMS and to make a spirit of healthy competition among them.
97 days ago
The Election Commission of India (ECI) appoints retired IPS officer Shri Mrinal Kanti Das as Special Police Observer for forthcoming Bye-Elections to Legislative Assembly of Madhya Pradesh.
Shri Mrinal Kanti Das (Sh. M K Das) assigned to observe the conduct of bye-elections and poll preparedness, especially concerning security-related issues.
M K Das:
Sh. M K Das, who retired as Director-General of Manipur police.He was also deputed as Special Police Observer for General Election to the Legislative Assembly of NCT of Delhi, 2020.He stood in the same capacity for Tripura and Mizoram during the 2019 Lok Sabha Elections, and also during the Jharkhand Assembly elections of 2019.Sh. M K Das has an impeccable track record, and he is expertise in the domain.
266 days ago
National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA) paid tribute to celebrated painter and artist Raja Ravi Varma on his 172nd birth anniversary on 29 April 2020 through a virtual tour. This virtual tour showcased the entire collection of his artworks at reserve collection, NGMA in New Delhi. The website for Virtual Tour is http://www.ngmaindia.gov.in/virtual-tour-of-raja-ravi-varma.asp
Who is Raja Ravi Varma?
Raja Ravi Varma was born into an aristocratic family in Kerala on 29 April 1848. He was largely a self-taught artist as European techniques. He was a master at handling the oil medium and achieved magical ease with European naturalism.
He was one of the greatest painters in the history of Indian art for a number of aesthetic and broader social reasons. He stood at the transitional stage between Indian painting tradition and the emergence of Salon artist well versed in European academic naturalism. He reconciled the aesthetic principles of both in his style. He represented the Hindu mythological stories so loved by the Indian imagination, with an illusionistic flair that mirrored the society of his time. He excelled as a portrait painter and a painter of various other genres like history painting, painting of female figures, and so on. His dramatic history paintings influenced the pioneers of Indian cinema like DadasahebPhadke and Baburao Painter. He was also a poet, scholar, and visionary far beyond his times.
270 days ago
Basava Jayanthi was celebrated on 26 April. It is an annual event that is celebrated in the honour of the birth of Vishwaguru Basaveshwara, the 12th-century philosopher and social reformer. Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid homage to Lord Basaveshwara and greeted the people on the occasion of Basava Jayanthi. The day aims to spread Lord Basavanna's works and his ideas around the world to make the world a better place.
Basavanna was a 12th-century philosopher, Kannada poet, statesman, and a social reformer. He lived during the reign of the Kalachuri-dynasty king Bijjala I in Karnataka, India. He introduced Anubhava Mantapa, a new public institution that welcomed men and women to discuss spiritual and mundane questions of life, in open. Basavanna introduced the Sharana movement. It attracted people from all castes that produced a corpus of literature, the vachanas. It unveiled the spiritual universe of the Veerashaiva saints. He also set up the Anubhava Mandapa, where the Sharanas, drawn from different castes and communities, gathered and engaged in learning and discussions
In November 2015, PM Narendra Modi inaugurated the statue of Basaveshwara along the bank of the River Thames at Lambeth in London. Also in 2017, the PM suggested the digitization of holy Vachanas of Basavanna, which was done later.
485 days ago
Saudi Arabia to enhancecooperation with India to combat terrorism, including choking funds to terror networks and exchange of information and intelligence. Saudi Arabia Ambassador Dr Saud bin Mohammed Al Sati India and Saudi Arabia are closely cooperating with each other in fighting terrorism.Saudi Arabia siding with India in its campaign to rid the region of terrorism and pledged to extend all cooperation to effectively deal with the challenge.Both countries signed several agreements in the field of security, including an extradition treaty. Saudi Arabia is leading the global campaign against terrorism, terror financing and extremism. We are the founding member of a 68-nation strong Global Coalition to Counter ISIS and one of the founding countries of the Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Collation.Saudi Arabia valued India as a close friend and a strategic partner and will further enhance defence and security cooperation.
Saudi Aramco, the country's national petroleum company, on September 14 knocked out half its daily oil production, severely impacting the global oil market and triggering fresh tension between Saudi Arabia and Iran. Yemen's Houthi terror group has taken responsibility for the biggest-ever attacks on Saudi oil facilities, which severely impacted global oil supply. Saudi Arabia and its ally, the US, have blamed Iran for the attacks but Tehran has strongly denied the allegations.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi's historic visit to Saudi Arabia in 2016 when the two countries decided to further enhance cooperation in counter-terrorism operations, intelligence sharing and law enforcement. During Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman's visit here in February, the two countries decided to constitute a comprehensive security dialogue and set up a joint working group on counter-terrorism to effectively deal with challenges of terrorism. The kingdom calls upon the international community to assume its responsibility in condemning those that stand behind this act, and to take a firm and clear position against this reckless behavior that threatens the global economy. India's relations with Saudi Arabia have been on the upswing over the last few years based on burgeoning energy ties besides cooperation in several other areas.
There are over 2.96 million Indian nationals working in Saudi Arabia, the largest expatriate community in the country.
525 days ago
JS Sazanami, the fourth vessel of the Takanami class destroyers of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force. The defence force is commanded by Commander Shoji Ishkawa. It is a 2-day goodwill visit from August 13 to19,2019.
The activities such as the visit of Indian Navy personnel onboard JS Sazanami and professional interaction between the two navies were conducted during the visit. The visiting team provided with a conducted tour of the Anti-Submarine Warfare School and the Naval Offshore Patrol Vessel, INS (Indian Navy Ship ) Sunayna.Shoji Ishkawa accompanied by Koichiro Maeda , Coast Guard Superintendent, Commanding Officer of the Somalia Dispatch Team of the Japanese Coast Guard, and Captain Taiko Eda, Resident Defence Attaché of Japan at New Delhi.JS Sazanami have about 25 officers, 156 sailors and 8 Japanese Coast Guard personnel (3 officers and 5 sailors) onboard depart for Bahrain from Kochi.
Commander-in-Chief: President Ram Nath Kovind
540 days ago
Indian Air Force (IAF) Wing Commander Tarun Chaudhri became the first pilot to perform a wingsuit skydive jump. He jumped 8500 feet from the Mi-17 V5 helicopter at Air Force Station in Jodhpur, Rajasthan. This is the first time when a pilot of the IAF jumped the wingsuit skydive with the same helicopter, which he has just flown. It is a military transport variant, equipped with modern avionics and glass cockpit instrumentation. The rotary-wing aircraft has state-of-the-art navigational equipment, avionics, weather radar.
Kargil Vijay Diwas is celebrated on 26 July every year is celebrated in honor of the Kargil War’s Heroes. The Kargil war fought between India and Pakistan for more than 60 days. The event ended on 26 July 1999. India successfully took command of the high outposts which had been lost to Pakistani intruders.
594 days ago
Bank of Baroda (BoB) has declared Dighi Port chairman and managing director Vijay Goverdhandas Kalantri and his son Vishal Kalantri as wilful defaulters for owing close to Rs 3,334 crore to a consortium of 16 banks in the country that include BoB, while Bank of India is the lead lender.
Vijay Kalantri-owned Balaji Infra has 51.01 percent stake in Dighi Port, while Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services (IL&FS) holds 39.37 percent stake in the company.
In May 2019, a bankruptcy court approved JNPT's (Jawaharlal Nehru Port) resolution plan to buy Dighi Port for ₹853 crore.
608 days ago
A French judge has charged the president of Paris Saint-Germain (PSG) football club, Nasser Al-Khelaifi, with corruption over Qatari bids to host the world athletics championships 2019.
Two payments totalling $3.5m (£2.8m), made in 2011, are under scrutiny.
London won the bidding to host the championships in 2017, but Qatar is hosting this year's championships in September - October.
It is alleged that the payments were made by Oryx Qatar Sports Investment - of which Nasser Al-Khelaifi is chairman - to another firm run by the son of Lamine Diack, ex-president of the IAAF, the world athletics governing body.
About 2019 World Championships in Athletics:
Dates: 27 September and 6 October 2019
Host City: Doha, Qatar
Venue: Khalifa International Stadium
614 days ago
Virat Kohli is the first cricketer in the world ever to break into the 100 million category for followers on social media.
Virat Kohli has Facebook (37.1 million), Twitter (29.4 million) and Instagram (33.5 million) to his name.
Football giant from Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo is the most popular sportsperson on the social media with 77 million followers on Twitter, 122 million followers on Facebook and 166 million followers on Instagram.
Brazil star striker Neymar Jr is the second most popular sportsperson on micro-blogging site Twitter with 43 million followers.
Argentina legend Lionel Messi - who plays for Barcelona in Spanish La Liga - follows Ronaldo on Facebook with 89 million followers.
Sachin Tendulkar has 14.7 million followers on Twitter while MS Dhoni is third on the list with 13 million followers.
Kohli is the third Indian after Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Priyanka Chopra to have over 100 million followers on social media.
685 days ago
Jenner, 21, made it onto the annual Forbes list of billionaires after debuting her Kylie Cosmetics online in 2015 with $29 lip kits containing matching lipstick and lip liner.
According to Forbes list, she was both the world's youngest billionaire and also the youngest self-made billionaire ever.
The richest person in the world remained Amazon.com Inc Chief Executive Officer Jeff Bezos, whose net worth increased to $131 billion from $112 billion in 2018, according to Forbes.
692 days ago
Indian Air Force (IAF) pilot Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman was captured by Pakistani military on 27 February after his MiG-21 jet was shot down in PoK (Pakistan occupied Kashmir).
After the pilot’s release, the Pakistan Foreign Office described him as a Prisoner of War.
Tensions between India and Pakistan flared up when 40 CRPF personnel were killed and many injured on February 14 in one of the deadliest terror attacks in Pulwama district.
Indian Air Force carried out a counter-terror operation in Balakot, deep inside Pakistan on February 26 and destroyed major camp of Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM), which itself claimed responsibility for the Pulwama massacre.
Varthaman was in one of the eight MIG-21s that took on the invader and shot down Pakistan’s F-16.
746 days ago
Indian mountaineer Arunima Sinha has now become the World's first female amputee to climb Mount Vinson, the highest peak of Antarctica.
In 2013, Sinha had broken the world record by becoming the first woman amputee to climb Mount Everest.
A former national level volleyball player, Arunima had lost her left leg after being thrown off a moving train and getting hit by another in 2011.
Padma Shri awardee Sinha has already scaled five peaks - Mt Everest, Mt Kilimanjaro, Mt Ebrus, Mt Kosciuszko and Mt Aconcagua.
760 days ago
Vedangi Kulkarni, a 20-year-old cyclist from Maharashtra's Pune, achieved the feat by completing the 29,000-km distance required to qualify as bicycling across the globe in 159 days.
She reached Kolkata on December 23 after pedalling up to 300 km a day in 14 countries across the 159 days.
British adventurer Jenny Graham (38) is the fastest woman to have cycled the globe in 124 days in 2018, which was three weeks faster than the previous record.
851 days ago
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has chosen veteran scientist Dr VR Lalithambika to head its Gaganyaan mission to put an Indian in space by 2022.
The 56-year-old scientist has 30 years of experience in space missions with ISRO.
She was also a key member of the team responsible for launching 104 satellites in one go in February 15, 2017.
922 days ago
BCW’s (Burson Cohn & Wolfe) Twiplomacy study 2018 identified PM Narendra Modi as the third most followed world leader on Twitter with 42 million followers on his personal account @NarendraModi, while Sushma Swaraj is the most followed female world leader, with 11 m followers.
US President Donald Trump is the most followed world leader on Twitter, with 52 million followers on his @realDonaldTrump account.
Facebook is the second most popular platform among government leaders followed by Instagram.
951 days ago
NASA's record-breaking astronaut, Peggy Whitson, retired on June 15 after a 22-year-long career.
She has spent totally 665 days over three International Space Station missions.
The 58-year-old is the oldest woman to go into space and also the most experienced female spacewalker, with 10 missions.
1038 days ago
The Donald Trump administration banned all use by Americans of Venezuelan cryptocurrency (Petro) that its introduction is intended to skirt U.S. sanctions.
The prohibition applies to all people and companies subject to U.S. jurisdiction. In February 2018, cash-strapped Venezuela became the first country to launch its own version of bitcoin, the petrol.