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Last Modified:31-10-2016

October 2016 – Current Affairs and Quiz

31 October 2016 Current Affairs

QUIZ
  • UP Government confers Yash Bharti award to 54 people

    The Government of Uttar Pradesh announced the names of 54 eminent personalities who have been selected for the award in recognition of their contributions in their respective field. About the Award: Uttar Pradesh’s highest honour Yash Bharti award will be given to 54 personalities. Among them, nine Muslims were conferred the award by Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav in presence of Mulayam Singh Yadav. The award is given annually by Culture Department of UP government. Yash Bharti comes with a cash prize of Rs 11 lakh, citation and a shawl. The awardees are also eligible for a monthly pension of Rs 50,000 for their life. Yash Bharti award were constituted in 1994 by the then CM Mulayam Singh Yadav but were discontinued between 2007 and 2012 by Mayawati. It has since been revived by CM Akhilesh Yadav. About the Awardees: Leading cardiologist Dr Naresh Trehan, historian Irfan Habib and personalities from entertainment world like Sudhir Misra, Anurag Kashyap and Vishal Bhardwaj will be among 54 achievers to be presented Yash Bharti Award by Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav at a function at Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University on Monday. Samajwadi Party chief and MP Mulayam Singh Yadav and culture minister Aruna Kori will also be present at the function. The CM will also give away the Ahilyabai Holkar award to lyricist Sameer Anjaan and Anjali Misra. Mountaineer Arunima Sinha and IPS Aparna Kumar, ghazal singer Iqbal Siddiqui, poet Ashok Chakradhar, singer Surbhi Ranjan hockey player Jagvir Singh, Kathak artist Kumkum Adarsh and young playback singer Ankit Tewari will also be presented the Yash Bharti award. Bhojpuri actor Dinesh Lal Nirhua and standup comedian Raju Srivastava will be awarded for their contribution towards films and entertainment along with Urdu poet Nawaz Deobandi. The list includes names of folk artist Kamla Srivastava, Narendra Singh Rana (power lifting), cricketer R P Singh, King George’s Medical University vice chancellor Dr Ravi Kant and Sthavi Asthana for equestrianism. One of the highest state-level awards conferred for excellence in literature, fine arts, classical music, folk music and sports, Yash Bharti award was instituted by SP chief Mulayam Singh Yadav during his tenure as Chief Minister in 1994. It was, however, discontinued during BJP and BSP regimes. It is noted that after the Samajwadi Party came to power in 2013, CM Akhilesh Yadav revived the award with a hike in prize money from Rs 5 lakh to Rs 11 lakh. Noted film personality and an alumnus of the Aligarh Muslim University, Naseeruddin Shah has been selected for the prestigious Yash Bharti Samman, for the year 2016-17, for his contributions and achievements in the field of film acting. Shah is also the younger brother of the Vice Chancellor of the Aligarh Muslim University, Lt. Gen. Zameer Uddin Shah

    New Zealand PM John Key visit to India

    At the invitation of Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India, John Key, Prime Minister of New Zealand, undertook a state visit to India from 25-27 October, 2016. Prime Minister Key was accompanied on his visit by his wife, Bronagh Key, as well as a delegation comprising Parliamentarians. Business people from a range of sectors of bilateral significance, including innovation, technology and tourism; and representatives of New Zealand educational institutions and cultural organizations with interests in India. About John Key : John Phillip Key is the 38th Prime Minister of New Zealand, in office since 2008. He has led the New Zealand National Party since 2006. Born in Auckland before moving to Christchurch when he was a child, Key attended the University of Canterbury and graduated in 1981 with a bachelor of commerce. He began a career in the foreign exchange market in New Zealand before moving overseas to work for Merrill Lynch, in which he became head of global foreign exchange in 1995, a position he would hold for six years. In 1999 he was appointed a member of the Foreign Exchange Committee of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York until leaving in 2001. Key entered the New Zealand Parliament representing the Auckland electorate of Helensville as one of the few new National members of parliament in the election of 2002 following National’s significant defeat of that year. He has held the seat since then. In 2004, he was appointed Finance Spokesman for National and eventually succeeded Don Brash as the National Party leader in 2006. After two years as Leader of the Opposition, Key led his party to victory at the November 2008 general election, and repeated this feat at both the November 2011 general election and September 2014 general election. As Prime Minister, Key leads the Fifth National Government of New Zealand which entered government at the beginning of the late-2000s recession in 2008. In his first term, Key’s government implemented a GST rise and personal tax cuts. In February 2011, a major earthquake in Christchurch, the nation’s second largest city, significantly affected the national economy and the government formed the Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority in response. In its second term, Key’s government announced a policy of partial privatisation of five state-owned enterprises; while the policy was enacted, voters in a citizens-initiated referendum on the issue were 2 to 1 opposed to the policy.In foreign policy, Key announced the withdrawal ofNew Zealand Defence Force personnel from their deployment in the war in Afghanistan, signed the Wellington Declaration with the United States and pushed for more nations to join the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership.

    India ranks 133 in Global Youth Development Index compiled by Commonwealth Secretariat

    India has ranked 133 out of 183 countries in 2016 Global Youth Development Index compiled by the Commonwealth Secretariat. It has registered an impressive improvement of nearly 11 per cent in its youth development scores in the period between 2010 and 2015. Other Neighbouring countries : Nepal (77), Bhutan (69) and Sri Lanka (31) India’s position in YDI 2016 : One in five young people in the world today live in India, which makes it one of the most youthful countries on the planet. India’s overall rank is relatively low but it has registered an impressive improvement of nearly 11 per cent in its youth development scores in the period between 2010 and 2015.The improvement in India’s score between 2010 and 2015 is explained by a significant rise in the proportion of young people with an account at a formal financial institution (58 per cent increase), reduction in the adolescent fertility rate (29 per cent fall), adoption of a new youth policy, and improvement in the gross secondary enrollment rate (9 per cent rise).India accounts for nearly 20 per cent of the global youth population, with nearly 345 million young people between the ages of 15 and 30 living in the country.This makes India one of the countries currently experiencing the most significant “youth bulge” – with nearly 27 per cent of its total population made up of young people.In India, one in every three children (31 per cent) is not enrolled in secondary schools, against a global score for the same indicator of 19 per cent. In the field of employment opportunities, India trails behind the rest of the world significantly, ranking 152nd.

    Worlds largest Marine Protected Area declared in Antarctica

    The Ross Sea, a deep bay of the Southern Ocean in Antarctica, was declared as world’s largest Marine Protected Area (MPA) on 28 October 2016. With this, there will be a blanket ban on commercial fishing across about three quarters of that area for 35 years.It will be the world's largest marine protected area and covers 1.6 million square kilometers.The deal was clinched after the meeting of Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) consisting of 24 countries and European Union in Hobart, Australia. All the participant nations including the European Union unanimously agreed to create the world's largest Marine Protected Area (MPA) in the ocean next to Antarctica.The agreement comes after years of negotiations brokered by the UN's Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources. It also saw high-level talks between the US and Russia, which was rejected in the past. Environmentalists have welcomed the move to protect the Earth's most pristine marine ecosystem. Ross Sea: The Ross Sea is a deep bay of the Southern Ocean in Antarctica, between Victoria Land and Marie Byrd Land. It derives its name from the British explorer James Ross who visited this area in 1841.To the west of the sea lies Ross Island and to the east Roosevelt Island, while the southernmost part is covered by the Ross Ice Shelf, and is about 200 miles (320 km) from the South Pole.The nutrient-laden water supports an abundance of plankton and this encourages a rich marine fauna. At least ten mammal species, six bird species and 95 fish species are found here, as well as many invertebrates, and the sea remains relatively unaffected by human activities.Some species of birds that nest in and near the Ross Sea include the Adelie penguin, emperor penguin, Antarctic petrel, snow petrel, and south polar skua.Marine mammals in the Ross Sea include the Antarctic minke whale, killer whale, Weddell seal, Crabeater seal, and leopard seal.Antarctic toothfish, Antarctic silverfish, Antarctic krill, and crystal krill also swim in the cold Antarctic water of the Ross Sea.

    2016 deadliest year for migrants crossing the Mediterranean UNHCR

    According to UN refugee agency United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), 2016 has been the deadliest year for migrants with a total of 3,740 people have died since January in the Mediterranean sea in the boat journey to Europe. About UNHCR: The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), also known as the UN Refugee Agency, is a United Nations programme mandated to protect and support refugees at the request of a government or the UN itself and assists in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country. Its headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland, and it is a member of the United Nations Development Group. The UNHCR has won two Nobel Peace Prizes, once in 1954 and again in 1981. UNHCR was established on 14 December 1950 and succeeded the earlier United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. The agency is mandated to lead and co-ordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide. Its primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees. It strives to ensure that everyone can exercise the right toseek asylum and find safe refuge in another state, with the option to return home voluntarily, integrate locally or to resettle in a third country. UNHCR’s mandate has gradually been expanded to include protecting and providing humanitarian assistance to whom it describes as other persons “of concern,” including internally displaced persons (IDPs) who would fit the legal definition of a refugee under the 1951 United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization for African Unity Convention, or some other treaty if they left their country, but who presently remain in their country of origin. UNHCR presently has major missions in Lebanon, South Sudan, Chad/Darfur, Democratic Republic of Congo, Iraq, Afghanistan as well as Kenya to assist and provide services to IDPs and refugees in camps and in urban settings. To achieve its mandate, the UNHCR engaged in activities both in the countries of interest and in countries with donors. For example, the UNHCR hosts expert roundtables to discuss issues of concern to the international refugee community.

    Forbes Fab 40 List MS Dhoni Still No 1 Indian Athlete

    In the latest Forbes Fab 40 2016 list of the biggest sports brands in the world, Dhoni is slated at No 10th spot in the top 10 athletes and he remains the most valued Indian athlete in 2016. About Forbes Fab 40 : Forbes Fab 40 lists out top 10 Sports Brands, Events, Athletes and Teams. According to the magazine, an athletes brand value is their earnings (excluding salary from bonus from their sport and their investment income), minus the average income of the top 10 athletes in the same sport. The list is topped by tennis legend and 17-time Grand Slam winner Roger Federer. With a brand value of $36 million, Federer gained two notches from third last year, while Woods dropped four spots to stand fifth on the latest edition of the list. Among other top athletes on the list is Argentine football star Lionel Messi, ranked eighth. He was not among the top 10 last year.

    India wins first ever international team roller skating medal at Asian Championships in China

    The trio of Dhanush Babu, Vikram Ingale and Nikhilesh Tabhane have won India’s first ever senior international roller skating medal in the Asian Championship in China. About Roller Skating: Roller skating is the traveling on surfaces with roller skates. It is a form of recreational activity as well as a sport, and can also be a form of transportation. Skates generally come in three basic varieties: quad roller skates, in line skates or blades and tri-skates, though some have experimented with a single-wheeled “quintessence skate” or other variations on the basic skate design. In America, this hobby was most popular, first between 1935 and the early 1960s and then in the 1970s, when polyurethane wheels were created and “Disco” oriented roller rinks were the rage and then again in the 1990s when in-line outdoor roller skating, thanks to the improvement made to inline roller skates in 1981 by Scott Olson, took hold. Roller sport is popular as a recreational sport in India, specially roller skating for children, and it is gaining popularity as a competitive sport. There are clubs in cities and towns, and roller skating is taught in some schools of urban areas. Roller sportsin India are governed by the Roller Skating Federation of India, which was founded by S.P.Mumick in 1955. Tulsi Agarwal has been a long time office bearer of the federation. Individual skaters are registered with a club. The clubs are registered with district associations, which are in turn affiliated with the state associations. The state associations are affiliated with the RSFI. The roller skating rink at The Rink Pavilion in Mussoorie is one of the largest and most historic rinks in India. India’s first international-standard banked track is at the roller sports centre in Virar, Mumbai.

27 October 2016 Current Affairs

QUIZ
  • FIFA unveils Official Mascot for 2018 FIFA World Cup

    Russia have unveiled their mascot for the 2018 FIFA World Cup – Zabivaka the wolf.  Zabivaka, whose name means “the one who scores” in Russian is described as “charming, confident and social” and has “always dreamt of becoming a football star”, received 53% of the one million votes in a Fifa poll, beating competition from a tiger who got 27% and cat which collected 20%. He was developed by student designer  Ekaterina  Bocharova.

    India, Iran to sign Farzad-B gas field deal by February next year

    India and Iran have agreed to conclude an agreement to develop the Farzad-B gas field in Iranian offshore within the next three months. The two countries also agreed to make their best endeavours to conclude the definitive agreement by February next year.The announcement was made after an official level talks in Tehran between the petroleum ministries of the countries. The Farzan-B gas field is estimated to have in-place reserves of 18.75 trillion cubic feet of gas, the Indian government said in a statement today.A consortium led by ONGC Videsh Ltd (OVL), the overseas investment arm of Indian explorer Oil and Natural Gas Corp, discovered the Farzad B gas field in the Farsi offshore block in 2008.

    Karnal Singh appointed as Director of Enforcement Directorate

    Senior IPS officer Karnal Singh on 26 October 2016 was appointed the Director of Enforcement Directorate (ED).The Appointments Committee of Cabinet approved the appointment of Singh till 31 August 2017, which is the date of his superannuation.Singh was already holding the post as additional charge for over a year. His regular posting was Special Director, ED, for the northern region. About Enforcement Directorate: The Directorate General of Economic Enforcement is a law enforcement agency and economic intelligence agency responsible for enforcing economic laws and fighting economic crime in India.  It is a part of the Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance.It comprises officers of the Indian Revenue Service, Indian Police Service and the Indian Administrative Service. The origin of this Directorate dates back to 1 May, 1956, when an Enforcement Unit was formed, in Department of Economic Affairs, for handling Exchange Control Laws violations under Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1947.In the year 1957, this Unit was renamed as Enforcement Directorate.

26 October 2016 Current Affairs

QUIZ
  • Uranus may have two more moons : Study

    According to study conducted by researchers from University of Idaho, US Uranus may have two tiny, previously undiscovered moons orbiting near two of the planet’s rings.  These two moons were detected by researchers after analysing decades-old images of Uranus’ icy rings taken by NASA’s Voyager 2 spacecraft which had flown by the planet 30 years ago. Scientists have found that the pattern in Uranus’ rings was similar to moon-related structures in Saturn’s rings called moonlet wakes. They have estimate the hypothesised moonlets in Uranus’ rings may be four to 14 kilometres in diameter. It means they are as small as some identified moons of Saturn. They had analysed decades-old images of Uranus’ icy rings taken by NASA’s Voyager 2 spacecraft which had flown by the planet 30 years ago. During their analysis they had noticed the amount of ring material on the edge of the alpha ring – one of the brightest of Uranus’ multiple rings – varied periodically. They also had found similar, even more promising pattern occurred in the same part of the neighbouring beta ring. They also had analysed radio occultations – made when Voyager 2 sent radio waves through the rings to be detected back on Earth. They also had analysed stellar occultations made when spacecraft measured light of background stars shining through the rings, which helped to show how much material they contain. Uranian moons are especially hard to spot because their surfaces are covered in dark material. These findings could help explain some characteristics of Uranus’ rings, which are strangely narrow compared to Saturn’s moons. It will also help to explain that if moonlets exist, they may be acting as “shepherd” moons, helping to keep the rings from spreading out. Two of Uranus’ 27 known moons, Cordelia and Ophelia act as shepherds to Uranus’ epsilon ring. Uranus :  Uranus is the seventh planet from the Sun. It has the third-largest planetary radius and fourth-largest planetary mass in the Solar System. Uranus is similar in composition to Neptune and are classified as “ice giants” to distinguish them from the gas giants. Its primary composition of hydrogen and helium, but it also contains more ices such as water, ammonia, and methane, along with traces of other hydrocarbons

    Union Government forms panel to resolve telecom penalty row

    The Union Telecom Ministry has formed a committee to look into the regulator TRAI’s recommendation of a Rs. 3,050 crore penalty on top three telcos - Airtel, Vodafone and Idea. The committee has been asked to give a report on the recommendations soon likely to be before 15 November 2016. Earlier TRAI had recommended Department of Telecom to impose penalty on these three incumbents telecom companies for denying interconnection points to Reliance Jio.  According to TRAI, these three companies have violated licence norms by denying adequate interconnection points to Reliance Jio Infocomm.  Their actions also have stifled the competition and are seen as anti-consumer and against public interest. The Reliance Jio had alleged that due to inadequate interconnection points its subscribers were unable to make calls to other networks.  TRAI had recommended fine for Airtel and Vodafone to Rs.1,050 crore for 21 service areas (all, expect Jammu and Kashmir) and for Idea the penalty was pegged at Rs 950 crore for 19 service areas (all, except for Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Northeastern States).

    India ranks 87th on the WEF’s Global Gender Gap Report 2016

    India has been ranked 87th out of 144 countries on the World Economic Forum’s (WEF) Global Gender Gap Report 2016. India has climbed 21 spots from 108th position in 2015.  The report measures gender gap as progress towards parity between men and women in four areas (i) Educational attainment, (ii) Health and survival, (iii) Economic opportunity and (iv) Political empowerment. Highlights of the report Top 5 Countries in 2016 Report: Iceland (1st), Finland (2nd), Norway (3rd) Sweden (4th) and Rwanda (5th).  India related facts : In this edition India has overtaken China which is ranked 99th. The improvement in India’s ranking is driven largely by major improvements in education, where it has managed to close its gap entirely in primary and secondary education. In case of education attainment, India has made considerable strides moving up from 125th rank in 2015 to 113th in 2016.  On economic participation and opportunity too, India has moved up to 136th rank in 2016, from 139th in the year 2015. On health and survival, India has made little progress moving up by one place to 142nd rank compared to 141st in 2015. On political empowerment, India continues to be ranked 9th in the world. Overall Global Facts: The global march towards parity in key economic pillar has slowed down dramatically. This gap stands at 59% which is now larger than at any point since 2008. As a consequence, global economic gender gap will now not close until year 2186. The gender gap in India has narrowed down. But India still remains one of the worst countries in the world for women in terms of labour force participation, income levels as well as health and survival. India has closed its gender gap by 2% in a year (2016), but much work remains to be done to empower women in the economic sphere. India continues to rank third-lowest in the world on Health and Survival, remaining the world’s least-improved country over the past decade.

    Legendary footballer Carlos Alberto Torres dies

    Legendary footballer Carlos Alberto Torres passed away on 25 October 2016 at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He was 72. Carlos was known for scoring one of the greatest goals in World Cup history in the 1970 final against Italy. Carlos Alberto Torres : Carlos Alberto Torres was a Brazilian footballer. He was widely regarded as one of the best defenders of all time. He captained Brazil national team to victory in the 1970 World Cup, scoring the fourth goal in the final, considered one of the greatest goals in the history of the tournament. He is also known as ‘O Capitão do Tri’. He was a member of the World Team of the 20th Century.In 2004, he was named by Pele in the FIFA 100 list of the world's greatest living players. He was an inductee to the Brazilian Football Museum Hall of Fame, and was a member of the U.S. National Soccer Hall of Fame. In January 2013, he was named one of the six Ambassadors of 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil, others being Ronaldo, Bebeto, Mario Zagallo, Amarildo and Marta.

    India ranks 130th in 2017 Ease of Doing Business index

    India has been placed at 130th position among the 190 countries in the recently released World Bank’s ease of doing business index for the year 2017. The index was released as part of the World Bank’s annual report Doing Business 2017: Equal Opportunity for All. This report had revised India’s rank to 131 from earlier 130th for the year 2016. Thus, India has improved its place by one spot in the 2017 index and its place remained unchanged from the previous original ranking of 130 in the year 2016. The ease of doing business index is annually released by World Bank in its Ease of Doing Business Report. It was introduced in 2004. In this index, ranking of country is based on index averages the country’s percentile rankings on 10 indicators each having equal weightage. A higher ranking of country in this list means that its regulatory environment is more conducive and favourable for the starting and operation of firms. 10 indicators are starting business, getting electricity, dealing with construction permits, registering property, protecting investors, getting credit, employing workers, trading across borders, paying taxes, enforcing contracts and resolving insolvency. Highlights of 2017 Report Top 10 Countries : New Zealand (1st), Singapore (2nd), Denmark (3rd), Hong Kong (4th), South Korea (5th), Norway (6th), UK (7th), US (8th), Sweden (9th) and Macedonia (10th).  BIRCS Nations : India ranks lowest in Doing Business among the BRICS nations. Russia (40), South Africa (74), China (78), Brazil (123) and India (130).  India’s Neighbours : Bhutan (73), China (78), Nepal (107), Sri Lanka (110), Pakistan (144) and Bangladesh (176). India Related Facts: In the ranking, India has made a substantial improvement in some areas such as electricity connection.  But it has sliped in other areas, including payment of taxes and enforcing contracts. India has embarked on a fast-paced reform path and has acknowledged a number of substantial improvements. Some the improvement mentioned are electricity connections to businesses, paying taxes, electronic system for paying employee state insurance contributions, the Companies (Amendment) Act, electronic filing of integrated customs declarations, passage of the commercial courts and the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code. Global Facts: Economies in all regions are implementing reforms easing the process of doing business. However, Europe and Central Asia continues to be the region with the highest share of economies implementing at least one reform. 96% of economies in the Europe and Central region have implemented at least one business regulatory reform. A record 137 economies around the world have adopted key reforms that make it easier to start and operate small and medium-sized businesses. Developing countries carried out more than 75% of the 283 reforms in the past year, with Sub-Saharan Africa accounting for over one-quarter of all reforms.

    Union Ministry of Urban Development signs MoU with NBCC (India) Ltd & CPWD

    The Union Ministry of Urban Development has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with National Buildings Construction Corporation (India) Ltd and Central Public Works Department (CPWD). The MoU was signed for the redevelopment of General Pool Residential Accommodation (GPRA) colonies in New Delhi. Highlights of the MoU : The NBCC will redevelop Sarojini Nagar, Netaji Nagar, Nauroji Nagar and CPWD will redevelop Kasturba Nagar, Thyagraj Nagar, Srinivaspuri and Mohammadpur. The total estimated cost of the project is 32835 crore rupees including maintenance and operation costs for 30 years.  The cost of works assigned to NBCC will be 24682 crore rupees and to CPWD will be 7793 crore rupees.  The project will be implemented on self-financing basis by sale of commercial Built up Area (BUA) of 8.07 lakh sqm constructed in Nauroji Nagar and parts of Sarojini Nagar by NBCC as a part of the project. Under the Project, the existing housing stock of 12970 will be replaced by approximately 25667 dwelling units, with supporting social infrastructure facilities. The construction of the project will be completed in five years in a phased manner.

    Indo-Sri Lanka Joint Military Exercise Mitra Shakti 2016 begins

    The fourth edition of the India-Sri Lanka Joint Military Exercise Mitra Shakti 2016 began on 24 October 2016 at Sinha Regimental Centre in Ambepussa, Sri Lanka. The exercise will continue till 6 November 2016. The main focus of this edition of the joint exercise is to enhance inter-operability while carrying out Counter Insurgency (CI)/Counter Terrorism (CT) operations under the United Nations Mandate.  Highlights of Mitra Shakti 2016 : The Indian Contingent is represented by a platoon from the Rajputana Rifles Regiment and the Sri Lankan Army is represented by a platoon from the Sinha Regiment. In the initial two stages, both armies will get familiar with the respective methodology of such operations, each other’s arms and equipment and the command and control systems.  It will then graduate towards tactical understanding to enhance inter operability while carrying out Counter Insurgency (CI)/Counter Terrorism (CT) operations. Mitra Shakti series of bilateral exercises is one of the major bilateral defence cooperation initiatives between India and Sri Lanka since 2013. The previous exercise with the Sri Lankan Army was successfully conducted in September 2015 at Pune in India.

    New species of millipede found in Sequoia National Park, California

    A group of researchers discovered a tiny threadlike millipede in the unexplored dark marble caves in Sequoia National Park in California. The study was published in the open access journal ZooKeys. The newly found millipede is recognised as the evolutionary cousin of the leggiest animal on the planet, Illacme plenipes. Highlights of newly found millipede : The millipede is named Illacme tobini after cave biologist Ben Tobin of the National Park Service.It was discovered along with many spiders, pseudoscorpions and flies in Sequoia National Park. According to diplopodologists, the new species may possess 414 legs, compared to its relative’s 750 legs. It has peculiar anatomical features, including a body armed with 200 poison glands, silk-secreting hairs, and four penises.The millipede’s closest relative lives under giant sandstone boulders outside of San Juan Bautista, California.

    FIH appoints Jason McCracken as Chief Executive Officer

    The International Hockey Federation (FIH) has appointed New Zealand's Jason McCracken as its Chief Executive Officer (CEO) on 25 October 2016. McCracken will take over FIH in February 2017. He will replace Kelly Fairweather, who is leaving for the International Tennis Federation after six years in the role. McCracken is a renowned figure in hockey family. He served as an Olympic and World Cup umpire, FIH committee member and technical official for over 20 years. McCracken’s most recent appointments were technical delegate at the Rio 2016 Olympics and tournament director at the 2014 men's hockey World Cup in The Hague, Netherlands. International Hockey Federation : The International Hockey Federation is the international governing body of field hockey and indoor field hockey. Its headquarters are located in Lausanne, Switzerland.  It is responsible for field hockey's major international tournaments, notably the World Cup. It was founded on 7 January 1924 in Paris by Paul Leautey. In 1982, the FIH merged with the International Federation of Women's Hockey Associations (IFWHA).  

    Paul Beatty wins 2016 Man Booker Prize

    Paul Beatty became the first US author to win the Man Booker Prize. He won the award for his racial satire, 'The Sellout' at a ceremony in London's Guildhall. The novel tells the story of a young black man who tries to reinstate slavery and racial segregation in a suburb of Los Angeles. Chair of the Judges, Amanda Foreman, said the book managed to eviscerate every social taboo. Beatty was honoured with the prize money of 50000 Euros from the Duchess of Cornwall, a trophy and a designer bound edition of his book. The shortlisted authors each received 2500 Euros and a specially bound edition of their book. 2016 Man Booker shortlist included The Sellout - Paul Beatty (US) Hot Milk - Deborah Levy (UK)  Eileen - Ottessa Moshfegh (US) His Bloody Project - Graeme Macrae Burnet (UK) All That Man Is - David Szalay (Canada-UK)  Do Not Say We Have Nothing - Madeleine Thien (Canada) Paul Beatty : He was born in Los Angeles in 1962 and now lives in New York. His previous novels are Slumberland (2008), Tuff (2000) and The White Boy Shuffle (1996).He received an MFA in creative writing from Brooklyn College and a MA in psychology from Boston University. In 1990, Beatty was crowned the first ever Grand Poetry Slam Champion of the Nuyorican Poets Cafe. The Sellout: Paul Beatty : Published by Farrar, Straus and Giroux, the Sellout is a 304-page novel and narrates story of a boy born in the agrarian ghetto of Dickens, on the southern outskirts of Los Angeles. It talks about his isolated upbringing and the race trail that sends him to the Supreme Court.  

    HC bans sale of whitener in Uttarakhand

    The Uttarakhand High Court on 25 October 2016 ordered a complete ban on the sale of whitener in the state. The decision came following the death of a teenager (14-year-old) in Bhowali town of Nainital district after he sniffed an excess of whitener for a kick. The single bench of Justice Rajeev Sharma directed the state government to put a complete ban on its sale. Besides, the court also ordered that items such as Iodex and Feviquick should not be sold to children below 18 years of age in view of prevalent abuse of these among teenagers. The court said, it must also be ensured that no minor gets entry into hookah clubs. Earlier in October 2016, while rejecting the bail plea of an alleged drug peddler, the court had directed the Principal Secretary of the state to constitute a special task force to combat drug abuse.  

    FIFA unveils Official Mascot for 2018 World Cup

    Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) has unveiled the Official Mascot for the 2018 World Cup. The Official Mascot for the 2018 FIFA World Cup Russia is named Zabivaka, which means ‘the one who scores’ in Russian. The mascot is the wolf developed by student designer Ekaterina Bocharova. The selected mascot had received 53 per cent of the votes, followed by the tiger (27 per cent) and the cat (20 per cent).  2018 World Cup : The 2018 FIFA World Cup will be the 21st FIFA World Cup, a quadrennial international football tournament contested by the men's national teams of the member associations of FIFA. It is scheduled to take place in Russia from 14 June to 15 July 2018. Russia was awarded the hosting rights on 2 December 2010. This will be the first World Cup ever held in Eastern Europe, and the first held in Europe since 2006. The final tournament will involve 32 national teams, which include 31 teams determined through qualifying competitions and the automatically qualified host team. A total of 64 matches will be played in 12 venues located in 11 cities. The final is expected to take place in Moscow at the Luzhniki Stadium.The winners will qualify for the 2021 FIFA Confederations Cup.

    Mobile App HawaBadlo to fight against air pollution in delhi

    Residents of the national capital can help fight air pollution by reporting incidences of leaf and garbage burning, and dust generated by construction activities through a new mobile application.  The "Hawa Badlo App" introduced by Environmental Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority (EPCA), appointed by the Supreme Court to improve the air quality in Delhi and NCR, allows people to report incidences of air pollution through it.  The app aims at inclusive participation of citizens in reporting incidences of leaf and garbage burning, building and construction dust and unpaved road dust, and thereby makes them part of the city's fight to curb air pollution . The mobile application designed by EPCA, along with the municipal corporations and departments concerned of Delhi, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh governments, also include a section for officials, to resolve cases and upload evidence about what has been done, including a copy of the challan.  The app is currently focused on incidences of pollution through construction activities, garbage burning and maintenance of roads, but has the scope to include other pollution-linked violations.  The application will generate weekly reports on the status of the cases and action taken, which will be sent to the officials of the Central and state pollution control boards and municipalities. Also, EPCA will analyse this information to submit its report to the Supreme Court on actions taken in compliance with its orders.  The mobile application is also designed to filter out false complaints by creating a reputation system - similar to what is used in online product ratings.  Each complaint is geo-referenced and will provide the time and location where the evidence of violation has been collected and submitted.  EPCA will forward the complaint to the official in-charge, identified through the location and also type of violation.  The app has been made publicly available on iOS and Android application stores, and is expected to play an active role in increasing public engagement and accountability in reducing pollution during the winter season this year. 

    India's first startup magazine launched

    The Cofounder launches itself as India's first startup magazine that will help boost the entrepreneurial ecosystem in the country through its stories. The Cofounder, founded by Adhish Verma and Arunraj Rajendran, is the first startup magazine that will talk about real stories behind the early stage startups and entrepreneurs. The company was incorporated in 2016 with its parent company being Hirestreet Media Pvt Ltd and is backed by UK-based Sharpedge. The Magazine will emerge as the new data storage and communications medium and through its first launch of magazine are essential to inform Indian CEOs and CIOs of the different startups to aware the startup life, the struggles and the journey.  

    PM Narendra Modi launches Urja Ganga in Varanasi

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi has laid the foundation stone of Urja Ganga, the highly ambitious gas pipeline project in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. The gas pipeline project aims to provide piped cooking (PNG) gas to residents of the eastern region of the country and CNG gas for the vehicles. The project is being implemented by state-run gas utility GAIL. It envisages laying a 2,050-km pipeline connecting Jagdishpur (UP) to Haldia (West Bengal) by 2018. From Varanasi’s perspective, 50,000 households and 20,000 vehicles will  get cleaner and cheaper fuel PNG and CNG gas respectively. The project is considered as a major step towards collective growth and development of the Eastern region of India. Under it, overall 20 lakh households will get PNG connections. The Urja Ganga project also augments existing GAIL’s network of trunk pipelines covering the length of around 11,000 km by 2540 km. Besides, under this project work on 2540-km long Jagdishpur-Haldia and Bokaro-Dhamra Natural Gas pipeline project will begin and will be completed between 2018 and 2020. Seven East India cities Varanasi, Jamshedpur, Patna, Ranchi, Kolkata, Bhubaneswar, Cuttack – will be the major beneficiary of this network development. Besides, LNG terminal at Dhamra will provide clean fuel to the Industrial Development of the Eastern states of Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar, West Bengal and Odisha. 25 industrial clusters in these 5 states will be developed using gas from this pipeline. Besides, 40 districts and 2600 villages will benefit from this project. It will also help in revival of defunct fertilizer plants in Barauni in Bihar, Gorakhpur in UP,

    PM Narendra Modi inaugurates first National Tribal Carnival

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the first National Tribal Carnival in New Delhi to promote a sense of inclusiveness among the tribals.  The main purpose of this four-day carnival is to promote a sense of inclusiveness among the tribals.  It will also showcase and promote various facets of tribal culture on a large scale. In this carnival around 1,600 tribal artists and around 8,000 tribal delegates from across the country are taking part. Besides, eminent tribal personalities who have excelled in various fields like arts and culture, literature, sports, academics and medicine will also participate.  The idea behind the carnival is to preserve and promote various facets of the tribal life relating to culture, tradition, customs and their skills. Besides it also seeks to expose it to the general public with a view to utilise the potential for overall holistic development of the Scheduled Tribes.  The carnival will host activities like displaying documents on traditional socio-culture aspects, exhibition of art/artifacts, cultural performances. It will also demonstration of skills like paintings, traditional healing practices, sports, etc.  It will also host workshops on issues like implementation of Panchayats (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996 (PESA), Forest Rights Act (FRA), 2006.

    Disarmament Week observed

    Disarmament Week is an annual event that is observed from 24 October to 30 October in various parts of the world. The annual observation of the Week starts on the anniversary of the founding of the United Nations, which is observed as the United Nations Day. On the occasion, the United Nations invites states to highlight the danger of the arms race, propagate the need for its cessation and increase public understanding of the urgent tasks of disarmament. The week was established by the General Assembly in 1978 through resolution S-10/2. In 1995, the General Assembly invited governments, as well as NGOs, to continue taking an active part in Disarmament Week (resolution 50/72 B, 12 December 1995). It invited the Secretary-General to continue using United Nations information entities as widely as possible, to promote a better understanding among the public of disarmament problems, and the aims of the Week. 26 September 2013 : High-level meeting of the General Assembly on nuclear disarmament  The general assembly via its Resolution 67/39 decided to convene a high-level meeting of the General Assembly on nuclear disarmament that will be held as a one day plenary meeting on 26 September 2013, to contribute to achieving the goal of nuclear disarmament. Arms Trade Treaty : This year during the annual United Nations Treaty Event - , much of the attention was focused on the Arms Trade Treaty, which was signed by 27 countries – including the United States – and ratified by three, bringing the total number of signatures to 113 and the total number of parties to seven. Disarmament : Disarmament is the act of reducing, limiting, or abolishing weapons. Disarmament generally refers to a country's military or specific type of weaponry. It calls for total elimination of weapons of mass destruction, like nuclear arms.

    Women to be granted access to the inner sanctorum of the shrine: Haji Ali Dargah to SC

    Haji Ali Dargah Trust told Supreme Court (SC) that it will grant equal access to women to the inner sanctorum of the Haji Ali shrine in Mumbai on a par with men. The Dargah Trust sought four weeks time for making changes in the infrastructure. A bench comprising Chief Justice T S Thakur and Justices D Y Chandrachud and L Nageswara Rao granted time to the trust and disposed off its appeal against the Bombay High Court order asking it to give equal access to women also. Senior advocate Gopal Subramanium, appearing for the trust, filed an additional affidavit on behalf of the Dargah trust to allow women inside the shrine.  The Supreme Court earlier on 17 October 2016 extended the stay granted by Bombay High Court to facilitate an appeal  against its decision to lift the ban on entry of women. The bench remarked that if you are not allowing both men and women to go beyond a point, there is no problem. But if you are allowing some to go beyond a point while others are not, it is a problem. The 15th century shrine located on a rocky outcrop in the Arabian Sea, 500m from the Mumbai coastline, houses the tomb of Sufi saint Haji Ali. The trust had banned women from the inner sanctum in 2012. On 26 August 2016, the Bombay High Court lifted the ban after hearing the petition filed by Noorjehan Fiaz and Zakia Soman, founders of the Bharatiya Muslim Mahila Andolan (BMMA), against the ban, calling it unconstitutional. The High Court had held that the ban contravened Articles 14, 15 and 25 of the Indian Constitution. It also held that the trust had no power to alter or modify the mode or manner of religious practices of any individual or any group.

    Hitler's Secret Nazi Base discovered in Arctic Circle

    A team of scientists in October 2016 discovered a secret Nazi base of German dictator Adolf Hitler located 1000 kilometres from the North Pole. For decades, this location of the mysterious site known as Schatzgraber or Treasure Hunter on Alexandra Land in the Arctic Circle had remained unknown. Highlights of the Discovery :  About 500 items of historical value were collected on the grounds of the former Treasure Hunter German station that operated on the Alexandra Land island of Franz Josef Land. The supposed weather station is believed to have been constructed on direct orders from Hitler in 1942, a year after his invasion of Russia. It was in service from 1943, before being abandoned in July 1944 when its crew was poisoned after being forced to eat raw polar bear meat infected with roundworms while running low on supplies. Researchers exploring the isolated island, which is now a Russian Territory, discovered relics including the ruins of bunkers, discarded petrol canisters and even paper documents dating from the Second World War. Researchers found bullets, scraps of tents and personal items such as shoes; many of which appear to be dated and marked with the swastika.

25 October 2016 Current Affairs

QUIZ

  • ISRO starts landing tests for Chandrayaan-2 mission

    The Indian Space Research Organsiation (ISRO)  has started a series of ground and aerial tests linked to the critical Moon landing of Chandrayaan-2. These tests were started as ISRO’s new site at Challakere in Chitradurga district, 400 km from Bengaluru.  This site has simulated craters. ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC) is the lead centre for the second Moon mission. It has artificially created close to ten craters to simulate the lunar terrain and test the Lander’s sensors.  ISAC will conduct many tests including on avionics and electronics, testing the Lander’s legs, followed by a combined full test. Chandrayaan-2 mission :  Chandrayaan-2 mission is tentatively set for late 2017 or early 2018. The mission includes an Orbiter, a Lander and a Rover.  The Orbiter spacecraft will be launched from Sriharikota will travel to the Moon and release the Lander, which will in turn deploy a tiny Rover to roam the lunar surface. The mission includes soft-landing on Moon and moving a rover on its surface. All three project components will be sending data and pictures to Earth.

    ECI amends election rules to allow e-transfer of postal ballot

    The Election Commission of India (ECI) has amended the Conduct of Election Rules, 1961 to facilitate the e-transfer of postal ballot.  The new rules empower a returning officer in any constituency to send postal ballots to an eligible voter by electronic means as specified by the ECI. In India, postal ballots have played a critical role in extending the electoral process to voters who are unable to exercise their franchise due to either the nature of their job or geographical location of their posting. Under it, the returning officer can send ballot through a web portal with a ‘One Time Password (OTP)’ to voters.  The voter needs to download the ballot for voting. The voter after voting will physically return the ballot through post. It should be noted that two-way e-voting has not been recommended by the Election Commission, citing security and secrecy concerns. The e-transfer of postal ballot will replace existing system in which postal ballots were sent through the Department of Posts.  It will ease the logistical issues involved in ensuring that the ballot paper of the constituency, where a voter is eligible to vote, is sent in time. Thus, it will cut time in transmission of the ballot paper and help the EC overcome logistical problems.

    Rajeev Misra appointed as Head of Softbank Vision Fund

    India-born Rajeev Misra was appointed the SoftBank Vision Fund, constituted by Japanese telecom and Internet major Softbank Corp. The SoftBank Vision Fund intends to make investments in the technology sector globally. It is managed in the United Kingdom by a subsidiary of the Saudi Binladin Group (SBG). It is reportedly one of the world's largest of its kind and will be operated from London. Rajeev Misra : Prior to his new assignment, Rajeev served as Head of Strategic Finance at SoftBank Group Corp for nearly two years from 3 November 2014.He joined SoftBank in November 2014. He had spent five years at UBS as the Global Head of Credit and Head of Fixed Income, Currencies and Commodities in Europe, Middle East and Africa. He also served as the Head of Credit Derivatives and Chief of Global Credit Trading at Deutsche Bank AG.He completed his schooling at Delhi Public School, New Delhi. Later, he pursued Chemical Engineering in IIT-Delhi for a year before switching over to Pennsylvania University, US where he completed his graduation in Mechanical Engineering and MTech in Computer Science. Subsequently, he obtained a degree in MBA from Sloan School of Management after which he joined Merrill Lynch.

    Anti-Vietnam War activist Tom Hayden died

    Peace activist Tom Hayden, whose radical views were at the forefront of the anti-Vietnam War movement in the 1960s, passed away on 23 October 2016 following a prolonged illness in Santa Monica, California. He was 76. He was a stalwart of America's New Left who served 18 years in California's State Legislature and gained a dash of Hollywood glamour by marrying actress Jane Fonda.  Tom Hayden : As an ideological leader of the influential Students for a Democratic Society, he authored its Port Huron statement, a visionary document that still inspires anti-authoritarian and pro-democracy movements today.  He ventured into the Deep South, where he joined voter registration campaigns and was arrested and beaten while taking part in the freedom rider protests against racial segregation.He became best known as one of the Chicago Eight activists, convicted on conspiracy and incitement charges following protests at the turbulent 1968 Democratic National Convention. He was ultimately acquitted of all charges. Later he became director of the Peace and Justice Resource Center, a nonprofit left-wing think tank devoted mainly to analysis of continued US military involvement in Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan.  In later years, his writings were published in national publications including The New York Times, the Boston Globe and the Denver Post. He also served on the editorial board and was a columnist for The Nation magazine, and was the author of more than 20 books.

    G Balakrishna, Bangalore water tanker driver, crowned Mr Asia 2016

    G Balakrishna won the Mr Asia title at the 5th Phil-Asia bodybuilding championships in the Philippines. 25-year-old Balakrishna is a Bengaluru-based water tanker driver. G Balakrishna :  In 2013, he won Mr Universe Under-24 junior contest in Germany In 2014, he won Mr Universe title in the same category at the world championship in AthensHe joined the water-tanker business in 2010 in Whitefild, Bengaluru to supplement his income as a gym instructor. He is a resident of Ramagondanahalli near Varthur An ardent fan of Arnold Schwarzenegger, Balakrishna was trained by renowned bodybuilders from Mumbai and Punjab, named Sangram Chougla and Manish Kumar respectively As per reports, he is known as the Arnold Schwarzenegger of Whitefield  

    Portugal's Renato Sanches wins 2016 European Golden Boy Award

    Portugal’s Renato Sanches was awarded the 2016 European Golden Boy award. Sanches will be handed a trophy at a Monte Carlo ceremony. He defeated Manchester United’s Marcus Rashford, Bayern's Kingsley Coman and AC Milan goalkeeper Gianluigi Donnarumma to bag the prize. Sanches was selected following a vote by journalists from 30 newspapers across Europe to name the best player in 2016 under the age of 21. Renato Sanches :  Renato Sanches is a Portuguese professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for German club Bayern Munich and the Portugal national team. He began his career at Benfica, a Portuguese sports club. Later, he agreed a move to Bayern Munich for an initial 35 million euro, the highest fee for a Portuguese player leaving the domestic league. He made his full international debut in March 2016. He was chosen for UEFA Euro 2016 at the age of 18, making him the youngest Portuguese to play in an international tournament. He scored one goal throughout the competition and won the Young Player of the Tournament. Golden Boy Award  : The Golden Boy is an award that is given by sports journalists to a young football player playing in Europe perceived to have been the most impressive during a calendar year. All nominees must be under the age of 21 and play in a European nation's top tier.The prize was established by Italian sports newspaper Tuttosport in 2003.In 2015, the award was won by France’s Anthony Martial.

    China's space lab launches micro-satellite, Banxing-2

    Tiangong-2, the experimental space lab of China, on 23 October 2016 successfully launched a micro-satellite, Banxing-2 (the word means Companion Satellite). The micro-satellite is roughly the size of a desktop printer. At present, Tiangong-2 is orbiting the Earth with two astronauts on board. Banxing-2 :  Weighing 47 kilograms, the micro satellite has a series of visible light cameras, including a 25 megapixel camera and wide-angle imagers. Its mission is to take photographs of Tiangong-2 and the Shenzhou 11 spacecraft, which docked with the lab on 19 October 2016. The satellite, which the media has nicknamed "Selfie Stick", also has an infrared camera that is temperature - sensitive. With three solar panels, the satellite can also generate enough power to adjust its orbit to shoot pictures of the lab and spacecraft. The Shenzhou-11 spacecraft carried two astronauts into space on the 17 October 2016. It docked with Tiangong-2 two days later. In 2008, its predecessor, Banxing-1, did the same work for Shenzhou 7.

    Bill Murray wins Mark Twain Prize for American Humour

    Comedian Bill Murray was honoured with the Mark Twain Prize for American Humour on 23 October 2016. He was presented with the award at the ceremony organised at the Kennedy Center Concert Hall in Washington DC. Murray was awarded the 19th Mark Twain Prize for making an impact on U.S. society similar to Mark Twain's. Bill Murray : Bill Murray is an American actor, comedian and writer. He first gained recognition on Saturday Night Live, a role which earned him his first Emmy Award. He is known for his roles in Meatballs, Caddyshack, Stripes, Ghostbusters, Ghostbusters II,Groundhog Day among others.In 2003, he earned a Golden Globe and a BAFTA Award for Best Actor for his role in Lost in Translation. He won his won his second Primetime Emmy Award in 2014 for Olive Kitteridge. Mark Twain Prize for American Humour : The Mark Twain Prize for American Humour is an American award for humour awarded by the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. It is being awarded annually since 1998. It is named after the 19th century novelist, essayist and humorist Mark Twain. It is presented to an individual who has made a significant contribution to American humour.The prize is presented and show is taped in the Kennedy Center Concert Hall in Washington DC. Recipients of the Twain Prize receive a copy of an 1884 bronze portrait bust of Mark Twain sculpted by Karl Gerhardt. In 2015, the honour was presented to Eddie Murphy.

    Bilal Nazki appointed as chairperson of J&K Human Rights Commission

    Jammu and Kashmir Governor N N Vohra has appointed former Chief Justice of Orissa High Court Bilal Nazki as the chairperson of the State Human Rights Commission on 24 October 2016. In addition, former District and Session Judge Jang Bahadur Singh Jamwal was also appointed as the Member of the Jammu and Kashmir Human Rights Commission (JKHRC). The appointments will come to effect from the date they assume charge of their offices. Bilal Nazki : Justice Nazki retired as Chief Justice of Orissa High Court in November 2009. His tenure as a Chief Justice – four days – is the shortest tenure in the history of the Indian judicial system. Later, he was appointed as the chairperson of Human Rights Commission of Bihar. He also headed the committee set up by the Union Government to review the functioning of the Haj Committee of India and its state units in 2013.His father, Ghulam Rasool Nazki was a broadcaster, poet and literary figure who won the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1987.

    Global CO2 concentration reaches 400 parts per million in 2015 : WMO

    The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has released annual Greenhouse Gas Bulletin on 24 October 2016. As per the bulletin, the average level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere across the globe passed 400 parts per million (ppm) in 2015. The statistics released by WMO is a symbolic and worrying milestone in growth of manmade climate change. Highlights of the Greenhouse Gas Bulletin : The WMO Greenhouse Gas Bulletin reports on atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases. Carbon dioxide (CO2) accounted for about 65% of radiative forcing by long-lived greenhouse gases. The pre-industrial level of about 278 ppm represented a balance between the atmosphere, the oceans and the biosphere. Human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels has altered the natural balance and in 2015, globally averaged levels were 144% of pre-industrial levels.   In 2015, global annual average concentration of CO2 concentrations reached 400.0 ppm. Theincrease of CO2 from 2014 to 2015 was larger than the previous year and the average over the previous 10 years.In addition to reducing the capacity of vegetation to absorb CO2 the powerful, El Nino also led to an increase in CO2 emissions from forest fires. Methane (CH4) is the second most important long-lived greenhouse gas and contributes to about 17% of radiative forcing. Atmospheric methane reached a new high of about 1845 parts per billion (ppb) in 2015 and is now 256% of the pre-industrial level. Nitrous oxide (N2O) is emitted into the atmosphere from both natural (about 60%) and anthropogenic sources (approximately 40%), including oceans, soil, biomass burning, fertilizer use and various industrial processes. Its atmospheric concentration in 2015 was about 328 parts per billion. This is 121% of pre-industrial levels. It also plays an important role in the destruction of the stratospheric ozone layer, which protects us from the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun. World Meteorological Organization : The World Meteorological Organization is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 191 Member States and Territories. It originated from the International Meteorological Organization (IMO), which was founded in 1873.It was established in 1950. It became the specialised agency of the United Nations for meteorology (weather and climate), operational hydrology and related geophysical sciences.It has its headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.It is a member of the United Nations Development Group.

    Amit Shah releases Jaitley’s ‘Andhere se Ujale ki Aur’

    Bharatiya Janata Party president Amit Shah unveiled a book 'Andhere Se Ujale Ki Aur' authored by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley at the BJP headquarters. Jaitley said that he was fortunate to work with some great political leaders and had seen several ups and downs in the party. Politicians generally jot down their political feelings in their lives when their political careers are over.

    World free zones body names P.S. Raman as representative for SAARC

    The World Free Zones Orgànisation (World FZO) has appointed P. S. Raman, Joint Development Commissioner (Retd), Santacruz Electronics Export Processing Zone, Special Economic Zone, Mumbai, as its Regional Representative for SAARC countries comprising Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The World FZO is an international multilateral organisation registered in Geneva and headquartered in Dubai, committed to supporting management and continuous development of Free Zones.  

    Former Google Search Head Amit Singhal Joins Paytm’s Board Of Directors

    Mobile payment and commerce company Paytm is upgrading its board, with Amit Singhal, former head of search at Google being one of the new members. A top Goldman Sachs executive is also set to come on board in the next two weeks, as the company strengthens its financial and technology management.  Paytm’s board currently consists of its CEO Vijay Shekhar Sharma, along with SAIF Partners Ravi Adusumalli and Vivek Mathur, AliPay’s Jing Xiandong and Peng Yijie, In-Mobi’s Naveen Tewari, WhatsApp’s Neeraj Arora, Sapphire Ventures’ Jai Das and Tata Gorup’s Ratan Tata.  Singhal, 48, has been instrumental in shaping Google Search and was one of the earliest team members. The Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, born IIT-Roorkee graduate, rewrote search algorithms written by Google cofounders Larry Page and Sergey Brin.   

    Karnataka’s Almatti dam awarded by World Bank

    Almatti dam, one of the largest reservoirs in Karnataka, was chosen for the World Bank’s Award of Excellence for best utilisation of funds for renovation to enhance the strength of the dam.  The World Bank had granted Rs.72 crore to the Krishna Bhagya Jal Nigam Limited to prevent seepage which could damage the dam. The project was taken up under the Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) for strengthening the reservoir which is over five decades old.  While similar work was carried out in more than 250 dams across 10 States.

    Rajasthan to launch country's first indigenous olive oil brand

    Rajasthan is all set to launch next month its own brand olive oil, which it claims, will be the country's first indigenously-produced brand. The state will be launching its olive oil under the brand 'Raj Olive Oil' at the Global Rajasthan Agri-tech Meet (GRAM) . After the product's launch, the state will work on avenues to market it and seek cooperation from experts to increase its production.  According to agriculture, the state till date has auctioned more than nine tonnes of olive oil and plans to market 4,500 litres under 'Raj Olive' at GRAM through Rajasthan Olive Cultivation Limited (ROCL)- a venture of the state government, India-based Finolex Plasson Industries, and Indolive Industries of Israel.  Rajasthan's tryst with olives began in 2008 with 1.12 lakh saplings brought from Israel and grown here. The saplings were planted in 182 hectares of government farms in seven agri- climatic zones - Bassi, Bakalia, Santhu, Barore, Tinkirudi, Lunkaransar and Bsabasina villages.  ROCL started transferring saplings to farmers in 2009 and till date has produce 11,574 kg of olive oil with Ganganagar, Bikaner, Hanumangarh and Nagore districts being the largest producers.  Rajasthan has seen a growing demand for olive cultivation among farmers with the fruit giving higher returns per hectare, besides the subsidies they get after the government declared it the state's 'first plantation crop'.  According to figures with the ROCL, India currently imports 14,500 metric tones of olive oil from countries like Spain, Italy and Greece, and the bottled varieties of extra virgin and pomace olive oil cost between Rs 700 and Rs 1,000 a litre.  Olive tea has its own health benefits. It is anti-oxidant which brings down bad cholesterol and prevents cardio-vascular problems .

    G-20 Anti Corruption Working Group (ACWG) meeting held in Paris

    The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) and the G20 Anti-Corruption Working Group (ACWG) held a 6th joint Experts Meeting on Corruption in Paris, France. The meeting was chaired jointly by the FATF President, Mr. Juan Manuel Vega-Serrano (Spain) and the G20 ACWG Co-Chair, Mr. Creon Butler (United Kingdom). On transparency and beneficial ownership given the topic’s priority in both the FATF and G20 agendas and its particular interest to the international community overall. A G-20 Seminar on Corruption & Global Economy was held two days before this meeting. It was organized in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Headquarters. Participants in this dialogue included 104 delegates from 36 jurisdictions and 16 international organisations.The delegation from India is headed by Joint Secretary (International Cooperation), DoPT, Shri Devesh Chaturvedi.

    Tawang festival celebrated in Arunachal Pradesh

    Arunachal Pradesh is one of the land of tribes. The festivals here are abound with zest and life – based on aspects related to nature and agriculture. Dance is the soul of all the festivals here; performed with pride and belief. Losar“ or The New Year festival is the most important festival of Tawang District in Arunachal Pradesh. The Monpa Tribe celebrated this as the coming of a new year. The Monpas are the major portion of the population in the Tawang region of Arunachal Pradesh. The initial celebrations start with people cleaning their homes and discarding all the old items to welcome the festival. This festival mostly falls in the last part of February or early part of March. The festival generally lasts for eight to fifteen days and is celebrated with loads of fun and festivity. During the festival days, festivities prayers are offered for prosperity and good health.

    Indian Army team wins gold medal in gruelling Cambrian Patrol exercise

    A team from the Indian Army's Gorkha Rifles has won a gold medal at one of the most gruelling exercises in the world. Team 2/8 Gorkha was awarded a gold medal in Exercise Cambrian Patrol organized by the British Army. The British Army in Wales has tweeted a video of the ceremony where the Indian soldiers were awarded the medals. The medal went to the eight men of the 2nd Battalion of 8 Gorkha Rifles. The Cambrian Patrol is an annual international military patrolling exercise in the rugged Cambrian Mountains of Wales. It is regarded as one of the toughest tests modern soldiers can face. The exercise consists of a 55-km course that snakes across the Cambrian Mountains. It is a mission and task-oriented exercise, which means the participating team must complete tasks given to them. All this must be done within 48 hours.  The Cambrian Patrol is not a competition. Gold (75 percent), silver (65-74 percent) and bronze (55-64 percent) medals are awarded based on the number of points earned on completion of the gruelling course. Certificates are awarded to teams that finish with lower than 55 percent of the points.

    World Development Information Day observed

    World Development Information Day was observed on 24 October 2016. The day is annually observed to draw attention of world public opinion to development problems and the need to strengthen international cooperation to solve them. The General Assembly in 1972 instituted World Development Information Day via resolution 3038 (XXVII). The Assembly decided that the date for the Day should coincide in principle with United Nations Day, 24 October, which was also the date of the adoption, in 1970, of the International Development Strategy for the Second United Nations Development Decade. The Assembly felt that improving the dissemination of information and the mobilization of public opinion, particularly among young people, would lead to greater awareness of the problems of development, thus, promoting efforts in the sphere of international cooperation for development.

    India falls short in female literacy compared to its neighbours : Study

    As per new study, India’s school education system is under-performing in terms of quality in female literacy when compared to its neighbours, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal.  These findings were released by International Commission on Financing Global Education Opportunity (or Education Commission). It shows that India’s education system is under-performing. The proportion of women who completed five years of primary schooling in India and were literate was 48%, much less than 92% in Nepal, 74% in Pakistan and 54% in Bangladesh. The female literacy rates in India went up by one to 15% after completing two years of schooling. Corresponding numbers for Pakistan and Nepal were three to 31% and 11 to 47% respectively. Around the world, female literacy rates are improving. However, it is not clear if that is because of improvement in school quality.  India ranks low in global indices of female literacy as well. African countries Indonesia, Rwanda, Ethiopia and Tanzania all rank higher than India. India was ranked 38th among the 51 developing countries for female literacy rates when countries are ranked by earliest grade at which at least of the women are literate. For this research, researchers had devised a way to measure the quality of education around the world, with a specific focus on girls.  They had used data from nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) which is one of the most comparable data sources on living standards in developing world.

    Cyrus Mistry ousted as Tata Sons chief; Ratan Tata returns in interim

    The board of Tata Sons Ltd has replaced Cyrus Mistry as Chairman of the India’s largest conglomerate and named his predecessor Ratan Tata as the interim chairman for four months on 23 October 2016. No reason was given for removing Mistry, but it is believed there were differences over management style and his approach of selling assets after writing them down. Mistry, 48, who replaced Tata, 78, as chairman in December 2012, was only the sixth group Chairman in nearly 15 decades and the first from outside the Tata family. He will remain a director of the individual companies, though his tenure as Chairman is the shortest so far at the group. Cyrus Pallonji Mistry Appointed as Chairman of Tata Sons Besides, the board also named a five-member search committee, which includes Tata, to choose a successor within four months. The other members of the committee include TVS Group head Venu Srinivasan, Amit Chandra of Bain Capital, former diplomat Ronen Sen and Lord Kumar Bhattacharya. All of them, except Bhattacharya, are on the board of Tata Sons. The Committee has been constituted with a mandate to complete the process in four months. Also, there will be no change at the level of CEOs in the operating company. Tata will be interim head of the group while a Selection Committee appointed by the company searches for a replacement.

October Current Affairs 2016 Fresherslive

Immediately get all the important details of Date-wise Current Affairs of 2016 October here. This page displays date-wise 2016 October month top events of International, National, Sports, Business, Banking and more with clear explanation and more useful facts. Government job & Private Job aspirants can use this best resource for their quick and easy preparation.

What are the topics covered in October Current Affairs 2016

Fresherslive - Current Affairs of October 2016 covers all the general topics which are surely asked in the competitive exams as well as interviews.
    Topics covered in the 2016 October month Current Affairs are
  • International News,
  • National News (ie. Indian Affairs),
  • important events associated with Science & Technology, Environment,
  • Bills & Acts Passed by Government,
  • Defence News,
  • About important Persons, Places,
  • Banking & Economical News,
  • Awards & Honours,
  • Sports News,
  • Revolutionary Updates on Arts & Culture,
  • Obituary,
  • Summits & Conference,
  • Important Committee,
  • Schemes,
  • Appointments,
  • Important Days & its Theme for Current as well as upcoming Year,
  • Books & Its Authors,
  • Agreements & MoUs,
  • Budget, Taxes,
  • Various Important Lists & Indexes,
  • Visits by World Presidents, Prime Ministers,
  • Political affairs and all Current News.

Date-wise 2016 October Current Affairs Quiz

It is recommend to try Date-wise 2016 October Current affairs quiz, after going through these Date-wise current affairs news. Date-wise current affairs Quiz questions are designed in an endearing and better way to revise all the important points of current events of that particular date. Correct answers are shown at the end of each date’s current affairs Quiz to scale up the candidate’s grasping level of General Knowledge.

Enrich your GK with FreshersLive October Current Affairs 2016

Nowadays, in most of the competitive exams and interviews, there is a separate section for current affairs which plays a major role in final merit listing of Candidates. Make use of this precious 2016 October current affairs updates and date-wise quiz material for preparing Top competitive exams like UPSC, SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, SSC MTS, LIC AAO, RBI Grade 'B' & Assistants, NABARD Grade A & B, SBI PO & Clerk, IBPS PO & Clerk, IBPS RRB Officer Scale 1 & Assistants, CAPF, etc,.

Surely, you can't miss any October Current Affairs 2016 on checking this page frequently. Prepare Current Affairs on a daily basis from this page fills your mind with facts and viewpoints and this will improve your skills to face your exam as well as interview boldly.