International Current Affairs 2021 - Current Affairs Today

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Last Updated: April 12, 2021 18 hours ago

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  • World Energy Transitions Outlook - 1.5C Pathway

    18 hours ago
    The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) released the "World Energy Transition Outlook" report. Highlights: ♦ The report proposes an energy conversion solution for the narrow path that can be used to control the temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius. ♦ The COVID-19 crisis provides countries with unexpected opportunities to decouple the economies of the country from fossil fuels and accelerate the shift to renewable energy. ♦ It is estimated that by 2050, renewable energy will meet 90% of total electricity demand, followed by natural gas, and the rest will come from nuclear energy. ♦ The agency has identified 30 innovations for integrating wind energy and solar photovoltaic into the power system. ♦ International Renewable Energy Agency is an intergovernmental organization. Its mission is to promote cooperation and promote the adoption and sustainable use of renewable energy. Its founded in 2009. Its regulations came into effect in 2010. Headquarters of IRENA is in Masdar City, Abu Dhabi. IRENA is an official observer of the UN  

    Red Sea Troop Base Attacked by Yeman

    4 days ago
    Western and UN experts say that Iran has provided weapons and support to the Houthis in Yemen during the country’s years of war. Iran denies the post-armed Hus, even though the parts found in the rebel weapons have links to Tehran. Red Sea: The Red Sea (also the Erythraean Sea) is the sea inlet of the Indian Ocean which is located between Africa and Asia. The connection to the sea passes through the Bab el Mandeb Strait and the Gulf of Aden in the south. To the north are the Sinai Peninsula, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Gulf of Suez (towards the Suez Canal). The Red Sea Rift Valley is part of the Great Rift Valley, on the ocean floor. The salinity of the Red Sea is higher than the world average, about 4%. This is due to the following reasons: Lack of a large number of rivers or streams to discharge into the sea, the connection with the Indian Ocean is limited, and the water salinity of the Indian Ocean is low, the evaporation rate is high and the precipitation is low.  

    Ukrainian President Urges NATO Speed Up the Membership

    5 days ago
    Ukrainian President (Volodymyr Zelensky) urged NATO for speedning up the process of joining the alliance, as it was the only way to end the fight against pro-Russian separatists. Background: Since 2014, the conflict in eastern Ukraine has been intensifying, which is the main escalation of the conflict in eastern Ukraine. There, the government forces fought against separatists in the Donbas region, which mainly speaks Russian. Ukraine accused Russia of gathering thousands of military personnel last week on its northern and eastern borders and the Crimea peninsula annexed by Moscow in 2014. Ukraine’s Western allies have quickly defended themselves and issued a series of statements warning Russia not to take further action. NATO: NATO was established in 1949 when the "Washington Treaty" was signed. It is a security alliance of 30 countries in North America and Europe. NATO was established during the Cold War and was a fortress against Soviet aggression. Its basic goal is to defend the freedom and security of allies through political and military means. NATO members are Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, Hungary, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania.  

    India Joined E9 Initiative

    6 days ago
    India joined eight other countries to accelerate digital learning. About E9 Initiative: ♦ Nine countries including India, China and Brazil will explore the possibility of co-creating and expanding digital learning in order to achieve the UN's sustainable development quality education goals. ♦ This consultation is known as the E9 initiative, which is "the first step in a three-phase process of co-creating a digital learning and skills initiative for marginalized children and youth, especially girls. The initiative aims to promote the education system Rapid change to accelerate recovery and advance the agenda of SDG 4." ♦ E9 countries are India, Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Egypt, Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria and Pakistan. ♦ Countries will work together to promote changes in support for teachers; investment in skills; and bridging the digital divide. ♦ The consultation will focus on progress, share experience and lessons, and explore opportunities for cooperation and to expand digital learning and skills. ♦ This work was carried out after the COVID pandemic, which caused great disruption in learning, and according to UNESCO, this provided an opportunity to strengthen interconnected and digital economies.  

    Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action - JCPOA

    8 days ago
    The United States and Iran will begin negotiations through intermediaries in an attempt to re-reach an agreement restricting Iran’s nuclear program. Highlights:  ♦ The announcement marked significant progress in the efforts to return the two countries to the 2015 accord, which has restricted Iran and restricted its nuclear program in exchange for relief from U.S. and international sanctions. ♦ Former US President Donald Trump withdrew the United States from the accord in 2018 and imposed tougher sanctions on Iran. ♦ Iran’s response is to strengthen uranium enrichment and build centrifuges, while insisting that its nuclear development is for civilian rather than military purposes. ♦ Iran’s move has increased the pressure on the world’s major powers and increased tensions between US allies and strategic partners in West Asia. ♦ After the European Union helped facilitate a virtual meeting of officials from Britain, China, France, Germany, Russia and Iran, an agreement was reached for indirect dialogue, which is still in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) accord.  

    BIMSTEC Hosted By Sri Lanka

    10 days ago
    The 17th BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multisectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) Ministerial Conference hosted by Sri Lanka has been held. The meeting attracted the participation of all seven member states, including Myanmar, and the country witnessed a massive suppression of anti-military demonstrators. About BIMSTEC: ♦ In order to integrate the region, the organization was established in 1997, initially formed with Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka and Thailand, and later included Myanmar, Nepal and Bhutan. ♦ BIMSTEC currently includes five countries in South Asia and two countries in ASEAN, and is a bridge between South Asia and Southeast Asia. ♦ It includes all major countries in South Asia, except for the Maldives, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Matters related to region: ♦ One-fifth (22%) of the world's population lives in the surrounding seven countries, and their GDP totals close to US$2.7 trillion. ♦ The Gulf also has a large amount of undeveloped natural resources. Every year, a quarter of the world's traded goods cross the Gulf.  

    Exercise SHANTIR OGROSHENA 2021 - Bangladesh

    10 days ago
    The Indian army participated in the multinational military exercise SHANTIR OGROSHENA in Bangladesh. About Ex Shantir Ogroshena: ♦ The multinational military exercise " SHANTIR OGROSHENA 2021" (Front Runner of the Peace) will be held in Bangladesh to commemorate the "Father of the Nation" Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujipur Rah Mann’s 100th birthday. ♦ The DOGRA Corps will participate in exercises with the Royal Bhutan Army, Sri Lanka Army and Bangladesh Army in April 2021. ♦ The theme of this exercise is " Robust Peace Keeping Operations." ♦ Throughout the exercise, military observers from the United States, Britain, Turkey, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Singapore will also attend.  

    India-Mauritius Comprehensive Economic Cooperation And Partnership Agreement

    11 days ago
    The India-Mauritius Comprehensive Economic Cooperation and Partnership Agreement will enter into force on April 1, 2021. Highlights: ♦ The Comprehensive Economic Cooperation and Partnership Agreement (CECPA) between Mauritius and India was signed in February 2021. ♦ This is the first trade agreement signed between India and an African country. ♦ This agreement is a limited agreement and covers trade in goods, rules of origin, trade in services, Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) measures, dispute settlement, movement of natural persons, telecommunications, financial services, customs procedures and other areas Cooperation. ♦ India-Mauritius Comprehensive Economic Cooperation and Partnership Agreement (CECPA) provides an institutional mechanism to encourage and improve trade between both the countries  

    Grant Assistance for Grassroots Projects

    11 days ago
    The Grant Assistance for Grassroots Projects (GGP) is a financial aid program in Japan. GGP is provided by Japan for development projects designed to meet the diverse basic human needs of people in more than 100 countries, including India. Highlights: ♦ Japan initiated grant assistance for grassroots projects in 1989. ♦ Currently, grant assistance for grassroots projects has been provided to more than 100 countries/regions including India. ♦ The GGP program supports projects implemented by non-profit organizations (such as NGOs, medical and educational institutions) that are eligible to receive foreign funds in accordance with the relevant laws of the Indian government. ♦ Eligibility for the GGP program: The organization must be an international, national or local non-governmental organization/medical institution/educational institution/community organization (CBO). The organization must also be registered under the Foreign Contributions (Management) Act of 1976. At the same time, the organization must be registered in accordance with relevant registration statutes, including national and state statutes. ♦ The maximum amount of each item is 10 million yen. The main areas covered by the GGP plan are basic human needs and human safety, primary education and adult illiteracy, safe drinking water and sanitation, empowerment of women, environmental protection, corporate social responsibility projects, poverty alleviation, etc.  

    Naval Exercise of India and France

    12 days ago
    India will participate in French naval exercises in the Bay of Bengal this month. This is the first French naval exercise that the Indian Navy will participate in. The exercise is called La Perouse.  Highlights: ♦ Japan, Australia and the United States of America will participate in the exercise. According to the French Embassy, from March 30 to April 1, two French navy ships, Surcouf and Tonnerre, made a port call at Kochi. They will then sail to the Bay of Bengal to participate in the exercise. The French naval exercise La Perouse will be held from April 5th to 7th. ♦ France, India, the United States, Australia and Japan will participate in this exercise. The two French ships that further participated in the La Perouse competition at the Kochi port were The Surcouf and Tonnerre. The first La Perouse was held in 2019 with France, the United States, Australia and Japan. The name of the Indian and French naval exercises is-Varuna Naval Exercises. It was first carried out in 1983. Then came La Perouse, and then Varuna in the Arabian Sea.  

    National Cherry Blossom Festival is on 27th March

    12 days ago
    Cherry Blossom is the national flower of Japan. This is why it is also called Japanese Cherry and Sakura. It is the flower of many trees of the genus Prunus or Prunus Cerasus. They usually refer to ornamental cherry trees. Highlights: ♦ Cherry blossoms have been found in Uttarakhand, Himalayas, Sikkim, Cha Jam and Kashmir regions of India, and Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling in the northern regions of West Bengal. ♦ The National Cherry Blossom Festival was celebrated in Washington, USA. ♦ The holiday is to commemorate March 27, 1912. On this day, Tokyo Mayor Yukio Ozaki presented a Japanese cherry tree to the Mayor of Washington, Japan. ♦ The first cherry blossom festival was held in the year 1934. However, the Cherry Blossom Festival officially became a national annual event in 1935. ♦ Somei Yoshino (Yoshino cherry) is the most popular cherry blossom variety in Japan.  

    Annual Meeting Of New Development Bank

    12 days ago
    The 6th Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors of the New Development Bank was attended by Ministry of Finance via video conference. About the New Development Bank: ♦ The BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) established the New Development Bank (NDB) at the 6th BRICS Summit held in Fortaleza, Brazil in 2014. ♦ The purpose of the World Bank (WB) is to mobilize resources for infrastructure and sustainable development projects in the BRICS, other emerging market economies and developing countries to complement the existing efforts of regional and multilateral financial institutions for development and global growth. ♦ So far, the New Development Bank has approved 14 projects in India with a total amount of US$4.183 billion. ♦ The president of NDB is K. V. Kamath (former chairman of ICICI Bank). ♦ The headquarters of NDB is located in Shanghai, China.  

    Indian And United States Training Exercises - VAJRA PRAHAR

    12 days ago
    Indian and United States special forces ended their joint training exercises. About Vajra Prahar 2021: The 11th edition of the "Indo-US Joint Special Forces Exercise-VAJRA PRAHAR 2021" was held at the Special Forces Training School in Baklo, Himachal Pradesh. The special forces of the two countries alternately conduct joint exercises between India and the United States to exchange best practices and experiences in areas such as joint mission planning and combat strategy, as well as to improve the interoperability between the special forces of the two countries.  

    Current Affairs Notes on Echo and Bifrost

    12 days ago
    Facebook plans to use two submarine Internet cables to connect Southeast Asia to North America to increase data capacity and improve Internet authenticity. Highlights: ♦ The two cables are named "Echo" and "Bifrost" and this cable will connect Singapore, Indonesia and North America. ♦ Echo installed in cooperation with Google and Indonesian telecom company XL Axiata. It is scheduled to be completed in 2023. ♦ Bifrost is being built in cooperation with Telin in Indonesia and Keppel in Singapore, and is scheduled to be completed in 2024. ♦ Facebook has established partnerships with companies such as Google and some regional telecommunications companies. ♦ The cost of the project has not been disclosed, but Facebook said it was necessary because they called it a "very significant investment" by the company in Southeast Asia. ♦ Facebook said that these cables will be the first to directly connect North America to some major areas in Indonesia. Indonesia is one of the company's top five markets in the world. ♦ A survey conducted by the Indonesian Internet Providers Association last year showed that although 73% of Indonesians use the Internet, most people access the Internet through mobile data, while 10% or less of the population use fixed-line broadband.  

    Rooppur Nuclear Power Plant India and Bangladesh

    12 days ago
    India has reached an agreement with Bangladesh that the Indian company will develop the transmission line for the Rooppur nuclear power plant in Bangladesh.  Highlights: ♦ This is a 2.4 GWe nuclear power plant under construction in Bangladesh. ♦ It is being constructed in Rooppur on the banks of the Padma River in Pabna District, Bangladesh. ♦ Two units are expected to be completed in 2022 and 2024. Each will generate 1200MW of electricity. ♦ It is of great significance because it will become the first nuclear power plant in Bangladesh. ♦ The Rooppur project is the first plan to launch an atomic energy project in a third country under the India-Russia agreement. ♦ In March 2018, Russia, Bangladesh and India signed a tripartite memorandum of understanding for the Rooppur nuclear power project in Moscow, Russia. ♦ It was built by the Russian Rosatom State Atomic Energy Company. ♦ In June 2018, the infrastructure professional of Hindustan Construction Co., Ltd. (HCC) won the contract for the Rooppur Nuclear Power Plant. ♦ The Russian side is carrying out the project according to the "turnkey" principle, which says that the contractor is responsible for any problems that arise in the factory. ♦ This will be the first time that an Indian company has participated in any nuclear project outside the country.  ♦ Since India is not a member of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), it cannot directly participate in the construction of Nuclear reactors.  

    Heart Of Asia Istanbul Process

    12 days ago
    India will participate in the 9th Asian Heart Ministerial Conference-Istanbul Process on Afghanistan. Location-Tajikistan Highlights: ♦ Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is an initiative of Turkey and Afghanistan, which was officially launched at a conference held in Istanbul, Turkey in 2011. ♦ Since then, Afghanistan has led and coordinated the process with the support of 14 participating countries in the heart of Asia, 16 supporting countries outside the region, and 12 regional and international organizations. ♦ It is a platform to promote regional security, economic and political cooperation centered on Afghanistan through dialogue and a series of Confidence Building Measures (CBM). ♦ Actual Secretariat: Directorate-General for Regional Cooperation, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan ♦ The geographic area covering the 15 participating countries of  Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) is defined as the Heart of Asia. ♦ It is one of the largest regions in the world, and its collective geographic area covers approximately 27% of the earth’s land area.  

    India-US Strategic Energy Partnership

    12 days ago
    The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas and the new Secretary of Energy of the United States agreed to reshape the India-US Strategic Energy Partnership. Highlights: ♦ The two leaders agreed to give priority to greater cooperation in the field of clean energy biofuels, CCUS, hydrogen production and carbon storage through technical exchanges, and to join forces through the " Partnership to Advance Clean Energy Research " (PACE-R) R&D and other initiatives. ♦ Both parties agreed to convene the third meeting of the revised India-US Strategic Energy Partnership as soon as possible.   

    Japan to Fund Projects in India

    13 days ago
    Japan has finalized loans and grants totalling about 233 billion yen for several infrastructure projects in India, including a project in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Highlights: ♦ A 4.01 billion yen was allocated to improve the power supply in strategic locations in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. ♦ The grant will be used to purchase 15MWh batteries and power system stabilizers to make better use of the solar energy generated in southern Andaman. This grant is Japan’s first official development assistance (ODA) for a project on A&N Island. ♦ Official development assistance is defined as government assistance aimed at promoting the economic development and welfare of developing countries. ♦ Military loans and credits are not included. India is the largest recipient of Japanese government financial aid under Japan’s official development assistance. ♦ Japan's assistance to other projects: For the fourth stage of the Delhi Metro, Applicable to Namma Metro's second phase of subway lines in Bangalore, Crop diversification in Himachal Pradesh, It is used to reduce fluorosis in the Jhunjhunu and Barmer districts of Rajasthan. ♦ The Andaman and Nicobar Islands (ANI) are located at the junction of the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. It is made up of 572 islands and spans some of the busiest trade routes in the world. ANI spans the approximate north-south configuration of the west entrance of the Strait of Malacca, spanning 450 nautical miles, and the Strait of Malacca itself is the main choke point in the Indian Ocean. ♦ From a geopolitical point of view, ANI connects South Asia and Southeast Asia. The northernmost point of the archipelago is only 22 nautical miles from Myanmar, and the southernmost Cape Indira is only 90 nautical miles from Indonesia. These islands dominate the Bay of Bengal, the Sixth and Tenth Straits, and more than 60,000 merchant ships cross each year. ♦ Fluorosis is a cosmetic disease that affects teeth. This is caused by excessive exposure to fluoride in the first eight years of life. In this time, most permanent teeth are formed. After the teeth enter, the teeth affected by fluorosis may appear slightly discolored.  

    UK, US Call For Alternative To Chinas BRI

    13 days ago
    British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and U.S. President Joe Biden asked democracies to provide an alternative to China’s infrastructure strategy, the “Belt and Road” (BRI) initiative. Both leaders discussed by phone. They discussed issues including COVID-19 and global health security, China, Iran, climate change, and the maintenance of political stability in Northern Ireland. Belt and Road Initiative (BRI): ♦ This is a global infrastructure development strategy of the Chinese government. ♦ Passed in 2013, the goal is to invest in 70 countries and international organizations. ♦ The " Belt and Road " initiative is the core content of the Xi Jinping’s foreign policy and Communist Party of China. ♦ The initiative was originally declared as the "Silk Road Economic Belt" by Xi Jinping during his official visit to Kazakhstan in September 2013.  ♦ Belt refers to the proposed land route for road and rail transportation through inland Central Asia along the historical trade routes in the western region. ♦ The road refers to the "21st Century Maritime Silk Road" or the Indo-Pacific route through Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Middle East and Africa. ♦ The infrastructure projects include ports, railways, roads, skyscrapers, airports, dams and railway tunnels.  

    China And Iran Sign 25-Year Strategic Pact

    14 days ago
    Iran and China signed a 25-year Strategic Cooperation Pact. Highlights: ♦ It includes the "political, strategic and economic" components. ♦ This document is very effective for deepening relationships ♦ A blueprint will be established for "mutual investment in transportation, ports, energy, industry and services." ♦ The agreement was reached at the same time that China strongly supports Iran because it involves the continuing impact of sanctions ♦ China is its largest trading partner.  

    India-Bangladesh Relations

    14 days ago
    India and Bangladesh signed 5 Memorandums of Understanding (MoU) in the fields of disaster management, trade, NCC, ICT and sports facility establishment. Highlights: ♦ Laid the foundation for the infrastructure development of the power evacuation facility of the Rooppur Nuclear Power Plant. ♦ The two prime ministers jointly announced the Bangladesh leg of the Banagabandhu-Bapu Digital Exhibition. ♦ It will be taken to other parts of the world including the United Nations. ♦ The leaders of the two countries also unveiled the foundation stone for the construction of a memorial in Ashuganj to commemorate the martyrs of the Indian armed forces in the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War. ♦ India donated 109 life support ambulances to Bangladesh, and also provided 1.2 million doses of Covishield vaccine. ♦ Three border haats have also been opened along the border between India and Bangladesh. Other announcements are: ♦ There will be a direct passenger train called "Mitali Express" between Dhaka and New Jalpaiguri. ♦ The Prime Minister of India invited 50 young entrepreneurs from Bangladesh to establish connections with India’s emerging ecosystem ♦ Announcing the provision of 1,000 Subarno Jayanti scholarships to Bangladeshi students for undergraduate and postgraduate studies in India. ♦ The University of Delhi will set up the Bangabande Chair to promote research in Bangladesh studies. ♦ The two countries agreed to start a new area of cooperation in the civil nuclear energy and space sectors. ♦ The Prime Minister of India visited the following places during his visit to Bangladesh: ♦ The birthplace of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in Bangabandhu is in Tungipara.. ♦ Jeshoreshwari temple in Satkhira. ♦ Harimandir was in Orakandi and addressed a representative of the Matua community.  

    Millions Depends on Teesta

    14 days ago
    Bangladesh reiterated that the livelihoods of its “millions” of citizens depend on the Teesta River, the country should enjoy an appropriate share of the water area. Powerful Bangladesh conveyed information on this issue to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, At the end of the two-day visit to India, in bilateral talks, Foreign Minister Sheikh Hasina in the afternoon. Teesta River: The Teesta River is a 315 kilometers (196 miles) long river flowing in the eastern Himalayas. Sikkim and West Bengal flowing through Bangladesh, and enter the Bay of Bengal. The drainage area is 12,540 square kilometers. The river forms the border between the states of Sikkim and West Bengal. In India, it flows through the Darjeeling region and Langpo, Jalpaiguri and Mekhliganj. It merges with the Jamuna River in Fulchhari, Bangladesh.  

    Eritrea Withdraw Its Troops From Tigray

    15 days ago
    Eritrea will withdraw its troops from the Tigray area in northern Ethiopia, This is a potential breakthrough in a protracted conflict that has occurred in atrocities against civilians. Highlights: ♦ The Tigray region is the northernmost of the nine regions (Kililat) in Ethiopia. ♦ It is the hometown of the people of Tigrayan, Irob and Kunama. ♦ According to the Federal Constitution, it is also called Region 1. ♦ The capital and largest city: Mekelle. ♦ It borders Eritrea to the north, Sudan to the west, the Amhara region to the south, and the Afar region to the east and southeast.  

    Government Of India And South Korea Opens Indo-Korean Friendship Park

    15 days ago
    The Minister of Defense of India and the Minister of Defense of South Korea jointly opened the India-South Korea Friendship Park in Delhi State Park. Highlights: ♦ The significance of the park is not only that it symbolizes the strong friendship between India and South Korea, but also serves as a monument to India's contribution to a part of the country that participated in the Korean War (1950-53) in the 21st century with the support of the United Nations. ♦ The park was developed after joint consultation with the Ministry of National Defense, the Government of India, the Indian Army, the Delhi Cantonment Board, the Korean Embassy and the Indian North Korean Veterans Association.  

    SAARC Development Fund Crossed $50 Million

    15 days ago
    The SAARC Development Fund grants more than US$50 million for projects in the eight member states of SAARC. Highlights: ♦ The SAARC Development Fund (SDF) was established in 2010 by the heads of the eight SAARC member states to promote the welfare of the people in the SAARC area, improve their quality of life, and promote economic growth, social progress and poverty alleviation in South America. SDF has 3 financing windows, namely social, economic and infrastructure windows. ♦ The focus of the social window is to provide funding for projects in poverty alleviation, health improvement and education. The economic window funds non-infrastructure projects like trade and industrial development, etc. Infrastructure Window Fund projects in the fields of energy, power, transportation, etc. ♦ Currently, the Self-Defense Force is implementing 90 projects in all member states of SAARC under its social, economic and infrastructure financing window. ♦ The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) was established in 1985 and has 7 founding members. SAARC now consists of eight member states: Afghanistan (joined in 2007), Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The secretariat is located in Kathmandu, Nepal.  

    Prime Minister's Gratitude Towards United Nations Institute For Training And Research

    17 days ago
    The Prime Minister expressed his gratitude to United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR). About UNITAR: ♦ The United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) provides individuals, organizations and institutions with innovative learning solutions to strengthen global decision-making and support actions taken at the national level to shape a better future. ♦ United Nations Institute for Training and Research was established in 1963 to train and equip young diplomats from newly independent United Nations member states to equip them with the knowledge & skills needed to navigate them with diplomatic environment. ♦ United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) supports governments in implementing the 2030 Agenda through a strategy that focuses comprehensively on achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. ♦ Now, it is the leading organization that provides customized and creative learning solutions to institutions and individuals in the public and private sectors. ♦ United Nations Institute for Training and Research provides training and capacity building activities, to assist developing countries with special attention to Least Developed Countries (LDC), Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and other most vulnerable groups and communities (including those in conflict situations). ♦ UNITAR headquartered in Geneva & Switzerland, with offices in New York and Hiroshima. ♦ UNITAR is fully funded by voluntary contributions, mainly from UN Member States, other UN agencies, international and intergovernmental organizations, foundations, non-governmental organizations and the private sector.  

    Sanctions Imposed On China For Uighur Abuse

    19 days ago
    The European Union, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada imposed sanctions on Chinese officials and entities to violate the human rights of Uighurs and other Muslim minorities in Xinjiang Province. Sanctions in the European Union, the United Kingdom and Canada include travel bans and asset freezes. Highlights: ♦ The concerted efforts of Western powers are of great significance. ♦ This is the first time the EU has imposed sanctions on China since the arms embargo was imposed after the Tiananmen Square crackdown in 1989. ♦ The blockade still exists. ♦ EU sanctions show that the position of its largest trading partner has been strengthened. ♦ China has consistently denied all reports of Uighurs atrocities, believing that China is only "democratizing" some of its population for security reasons.  

    India Abstained From Voting in UN Human Rights Council - Sri Lanka

    19 days ago
    India abstained from the vote on Sri Lanka’s human rights record at the UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC). However, after 22 states of the 47 councils voted in favour, the resolution to promote reconciliation, accountability and human rights in Sri Lanka was passed. Highlights: ♦ The resolution empowered the UN head of human rights, Michelle Bachelet, to collect and preserve evidence of crimes related to the civil war in Sri Lanka, which ended in 2009 with the defeat of the Tamil Tigers rebels. ♦ The resolution also argued that the human rights situation under the Rajapaksa government has deteriorated and that rights defenders and ethnic and religious minorities are facing problems. ♦ Sri Lanka previously considered the resolution to be "politically motivated", but it quickly rejected the UN action to collect and preserve the war crimes committed by the country’s armed forces and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam evidence. ♦ Sri Lanka opposes the procedures envisaged in the resolution to prosecute war criminals through international evidence collection and investigation mechanisms. ♦ The Sri Lanka resolution is the first to use the special electronic voting procedure established for the 46th session of the UN Commission on Human Rights for voting, which has actually taken place. UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC): ♦ The Human Rights Council is an intergovernmental organisation within the United Nations (UN) system. The mission of the Security Council is to promote "universal respect for the protection of the human rights of all people and the fundamental freedoms of all people" and to "resolve human rights violations, including serious and systematic violations, and make recommendations on this." It is capable of discussing all the thematic human rights issues and situations that require attention throughout the year. ♦ The council was established by the United Nations General Assembly(UNGA) in 2006. It replaced the former UN Human Rights Commission The headquarters is in Geneva, Switzerland. The UNHRC consists of 47 member states. Member states elected by a majority of the member states of the United Nations General Assembly(UNGA) through direct and secret ballot. The membership of the Security Council is based on equitable geographical distribution. The members of the Security Council have a three-year term, and two consecutive terms are not eligible for immediate re-election.  

    China, Russia Look To Deepen Best Ties

    20 days ago
    Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov is paying an important visit to China. Highlights: ♦ The visit was conducted shortly after the China-US relations conversations took place in Alaska. Following the first summit of leaders of the Group of  Quad (India, Australia, Japan and the United States). ♦ He asserted that the relationship between Russia and China is currently the best in history. ♦ He believes that, unfortunately, the formation of a truly multi-polar democratic world is hindered by Western countries, especially the United States, because they seek to continue to dominate the global economy and politics at all costs, and combine their will and the requirements are imposed on other countries. ♦ In this regard, Russia and China are promoting a constructive and unified agenda, and hope that the international governance system will be fair and democratic, run smoothly, and build on the basis of extensive interaction between countries and their integration initiatives. on.

    United Nations Office For Project Services

    20 days ago
    The United Nations Office of Project Services (UNOPS) has established a partnership with the Danish government to support India’s flagship project, Jal Jeevan’s mission in Uttar Pradesh. Highlights: ♦ Aim: Provide strategic technical support for Jal Jeevan Mission (Water Project). ♦ UNOPS should focus on establishing a scalable delivery model in the 11 key water protection areas in Bundelkhand and Vindhya regions in the Uttar Pradesh region. ♦ The aim of Jal Jeevan's mission: to provide every rural household with a fully functional household tap connection by 2024. ♦ This is in line with the United Nation's Sustainable Development Goal 6. About United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS): ♦ UNOPS is a business unit of the United Nations ♦ It is committed to implementing projects for the United Nations system, international financial institutions, governments and other partners around the world. ♦ Headquarters: United Nations City Campus in Copenhagen, Denmark. ♦ Founded in 1973, it is part of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). ♦ In 1995, it became an independent self-financing organization.  

    India Participated in Nowruz Festivities

    20 days ago
    India's Shanghai Cooperation Organization Secretariat in Beijing participated in the Nowruz Festival celebrations. Highlights: ♦ Nowruz is the New Year in Persia and a symbol of the arrival of spring in the northern hemisphere and it is a universal celebration of a new beginning, it wishes prosperity and welcoming the future. ♦ March 21 was officially recognized by the United Nations as the 2010 International Nowruz Day. This year, it is March 20th. It is included in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List of Humanity from India. ♦ Shanghai Cooperation Organization - SCO is an intergovernmental international organization and is a permanent organisation, that is established in 2001. This is a Eurasian political, economic and military organization that aims to maintain peace, security and stability in the region. ♦ ♦ Before the establishment of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization in 2001, Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan were members of the Shanghai Five. After Uzbekistan joined the organization in 2001, the Shanghai Five changed its name to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. ♦ The SCO currently has eight member states. India and Pakistan became members in 2017. ♦ The Secretariat of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization is located in Beijing and is the main permanent executive agency of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.  

    Freedom Pineapple Movement Launched in Twitter

    21 days ago
    Taiwan’s Foreign Minister Wu Zu Joseph recently launched the "Free Pineapple" campaign on Twitter to condemn China’s ban on the import of pineapples from Taiwan on political grounds. After the implementation of the ban, Taiwan's pineapple has also become a political symbol of the region. Highlights: ♦ Pineapple Freedom is a political and social response to China’s ban on pineapple imports from Taiwan. The Chinese government has banned the import of pineapples from Taiwan before the 2021 pineapple peak season is approaching. However, experts, producers and the Taiwanese government have all denied this. The name of the sport was inspired by the "Freedom Fries" game called "Freedom pineapples". ♦ After facing the ban, the Taiwan government has asked its citizens and other diplomatic allies to increase their consumption of "free pineapples." The government also promised to provide financial assistance to any farmers who suffered losses due to the ban. President of Taiwan Tsai Ing-wen also launched a social media campaign called "Eat Taiwan's Pineapple Until It Blows." The campaign was launched to encourage its citizens to increase consumption of local pineapples. Taiwanese restaurants also add pineapple to their dishes. ♦ Taiwanese farmers are beginning to worry about exporting non-pineapple products from China to other markets because they worry that their products may be banned in the next step.  

    New Amendment of Hong Kong by NPC

    21 days ago
    The National People’s Congress (NPC) of China recently approved a decision to improve Hong Kong’s electoral system. Highlights: ♦ This paved the way for how to select leaders in Hong Kong. ♦ It gives Beijing-appointed politicians greater power to run the politics of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. ♦ Now, the size of the Legislative Council will be expanded to 90%, with another 20 members participating in 35 people who are nominated, thereby reducing the proportion of directly elected representatives. ♦ The amendment also gave the newly enlarged Election Committee greater powers, which increased from the previously nominated 1,200 members to 1,500 nominated members. ♦ The most controversial change is the establishment of a new "Candidate Qualification Review Committee", which "shall be responsible for reviewing and confirming" the candidate qualifications of the election committee members, the chief executive and legislative council members. ♦ Hong Kong is a special administrative region governed by the "one country, two systems" model.  

    Japan-India Launches Patent Prosecution Highway

    22 days ago
    Bilateral Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH) program launched by India and Japan in November 2019. Highlights: ♦ India and Japan launched the Bilateral Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH) program between the two countries in November 2019. ♦ According to the bilateral agreement between the Japan Patent Office (JPO) and the Indian Patent Office (IPO), the Indian Patent Office will only receive patent applications related to certain specific technical fields, including computer science, electrical, electronic, Information technology, physics, civil, machinery, textiles, automobiles and metallurgy fields, and JPO may be applied in all technical fields. ♦ The patent prosecution highway includes a series of initiatives to speed up the patent prosecution process by sharing information among the patent offices of participating countries. ♦ By benefiting from the previous work done by the patent offices of other participating countries, beneficial purposes can be provided for each participating patent office. Therefore, the work can be carried out at the same time to reduce examination workload and improve patent quality.  

    Italy Joins International Solar Alliance

    25 days ago
    The Ministry of External Affairs of India informed that Italy had signed a framework agreement with India on March 17, 2021 to join the International Solar Energy Alliance (ISA). Highlights: ♦ After the amendments to the ISA framework agreement came into effect on January 8, 2021, the Republic of Italy signed the ISA framework agreement. This amendment opens the membership of the Solar Energy Alliance to all members of the United Nations. The ISA framework agreement was signed by the Italian Ambassador Vincenzo De Luca. ♦ The Minister of Foreign Affairs of India, Harsh Vardhan Shringla, met with the Italian Ambassador Vincenzo De Luca on March 17, 2021. During the meeting, the two sides also discussed Italy's current G20 rotating chairmanship. ♦ The two countries also discussed the "Vaccine Original Plan." ♦ Under the "Vaccine War" initiative, India is using its vaccine production and delivery capabilities to export the covid-19 vaccine to other countries to combat the crisis caused by the pandemic. ♦ ISA is an intergovernmental coalition formed by treaties, composed of 121 countries/regions. The establishment of the alliance was initiated by India. Most member states are sunny countries. These countries are completely or partially located between the Tropic of Cancer and Mori. However, countries that are not in the tropics can also join the alliance and take advantage of all membership benefits except voting rights. The goal of ISA is to effectively use solar energy to reduce dependence on fossil fuels. This initiative was originally proposed by Narendra Modi at Wembley Stadium in London in November 2015. In his speech, the Prime Minister of India called the Sunshine Country Suryaputra, which means "son of the sun."  

    India-Brazil-South Africa Dialogue Forum (IBSA) Was Held

    26 days ago
    India-Brazil-South Africa Dialogue Forum (IBSA) Women’s Forum meeting held. About IBSA: ♦ India-Brazil-South Africa Dialogue Forum was established in June 2003,  this forum is a coordination mechanism among three emerging countries, three multi-ethnic and multi-cultural democracies.  Its determination is: ♦ Contribute to the construction of new international buildings ♦ Express their voice on global issues ♦ Deepen their connections in various fields ♦ The establishment of IBSA was formally confirmed by the 2003 "Declaration of Brasilia", which mentioned the democratic credentials of India, Brazil and South Africa, their conditions as developing countries and their ability to act on a global scale. This is the main reason these three countries are united together. ♦ The basic principles, norms and values of the IBSA (India-Brazil-South Africa Dialogue Forum) are participatory democracy, respect for human rights and the rule of law. ♦ The Forum does not have a headquarters or permanent executive secretariat to maintain an flexible and open structure. ♦ At the highest level, it holds Summits of Heads of State or Government. IBSA's activities are divided into four tracks: ♦ Political coordination ♦ Development of departmental cooperation through 14 working groups ♦ IBSA Poverty Alleviation and Hunger Fund (IBSA Fund) ♦ People to People Forum  

    Dispute Between Kenya and Somalia

    27 days ago
    Kenya refuses to participate in the International Court of Justice in its maritime border dispute with neighboring Somalia. Highlights: ♦ The main point of disagreement between the two countries is the direction in which their maritime boundary in the Indian Ocean should extend. ♦ Somalia’s position: The maritime boundary should extend along the land boundary towards the Indian Ocean (ie, southeast). ♦ Kenya's position: The maritime boundary should be parallel to the equator. ♦ The importance of the disputed area: The area of the triangle resulting from the dispute is approximately 160,000 square kilometers. It is large and has abundant marine protected areas. It is also believed to have oil and natural gas deposits. ♦ International Court of Justice: The International Court of Justice (ICJ) was established by the Charter of the United Nations in 1945 and began its work in April 1946. It is the main judicial organ of the United Nations and is located at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands). It resolves legal disputes between countries and provides advisory opinions on legal issues forwarded by United Nations authorized agencies and specialized agencies in accordance with international law. Although the courts have no enforcement power and well-known countries ignore their rulings, their rulings are binding.

    Somalia To Organize Elections UN

    29 days ago
    The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has asked the Somali government to immediately organize elections in the country on March 12, 2021. The UN Security Council made this request in a resolution that emphasized the urgent threat to Somalia’s security from Al-Shabaab and armed opposition groups. Highlights: ♦ The adopted UN Security Council resolution authorized the African Union to maintain a strong force of approximately 20,000 people in Somalia until the end of 2020. The purpose of this is to reduce the threat of extremist groups and make federal, sovereignty, unity and stability possible. Somalia.  ♦ The purpose of the resolution is to hand over security to the Somali authorities so that the country can play a leading role in 2021 and assume full responsibility by 2023. The UN Security Council resolution also emphasized the importance of capacity building between Somali forces and agencies, and authorized the AU forces. ♦ After failing to conduct the scheduled elections in February 2021, Somali President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed (Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed) was under increasing pressure and the resolution was passed. The election could not be held because no agreement has been reached on how to vote. Critics also accused Muhammad of delaying the election because he is seeking a second four-year term. ♦ Somalia is in the Horn of Africa. The country borders Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, and Kenya to the southwest. Somalia has the longest coastline on the Africa. The country has an estimated population of 15 million and is the most culturally unified country in Africa. 85% of the residents are Somalis. The official languages of Somalia include Somali and Arabic.

    Stop Influx From Myanmar - Centre

    29 days ago
    The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has written to the Chief Secretaries of Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh to take appropriate actions in accordance with the law to check the illegal inflows from Myanmar into India. Highlights: ♦ The MHA directive was issued when a military coup and subsequent Myanmar crackdown led to several people crossing the border into India. ♦ MHA stated that the State government has no right to grant refugee status to any foreigner. ♦ It also reiterated that India is not a signatory of the 1951 UN Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol. ♦ The Ministry of Health also issued consultations to the Chief Secretaries of Mizoram, Nagaland, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh and the Border Guarding Force (BGF) at the India-Myanmar border to stay vigilant and take appropriate action, In order to prevent the possible influx into Indian territory. ♦ Guidelines have been sent to states to increase the sensitivity of law enforcement and intelligence agencies to take appropriate and rapid steps to identify illegal immigrants, restrict their location in specific locations as required by law, obtain their biographical and biometric information, and eliminate counterfeiting Indian documents and legal procedures, including the initiation of deportation procedures.  

    Quad Leaders For Open, Free Indo-Pacific

    29 days ago
    Quad (Quadrilateral Security Dialogue) the first ever leadership summit. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, US President Joe Biden, Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga and Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison attended the virtual Summit. Highlights: ♦ At the virtual summit, QUAD leaders emphasized the cooperation between member countries, aiming to defeat the global pandemic through a joint vaccine partnership. ♦ During the discussion, helpful appreciation of the Vaccine Maitri initiative was expressed. ♦ Quad members agree to ensure fair access to vaccines. The United States, Japan and Australia will fund the vaccine initiative. ♦ Emphasizes the need for an open and free Indo-Pacific region. ♦ Emphasize that the Indo-Pacific region should be governed in accordance with human rights. ♦ During the summit, the vaccine expert working group, the critical and emerging technology working group, and the climate working group on technology, capacity building and climate finance were approved.  

    Annual Democracy Report- (V-Dem)

    31 days ago
    The Swedish organisation Institute for Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) has released its fifth annual democracy report entitled "Autocratisation goes viral". The report summarizes the state of world democracies in the context of developments in the past decade. Highlights: Regarding India: ♦ India's status has been reduced from "the world's largest democracy" to an "electoral autocracy." ♦ Reasons behind the downgrade: media " muzzling " and excessive use of defamation and sedition laws. ♦ As far as censorship is concerned, India’s current authoritarianism is the same as Pakistan’s, and worse than its neighbours Nepal and Bangladesh. ♦ The use of slander "often silence journalists" and the use of the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA) constitute restrictions on civil society and violate the Constitution's commitment to secularism. ♦ The university and the authorities have also punished students and activists who participated in the protest against the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA). " ♦ However, the report pointed out that while the organizations allied with the " Hindutva movement " gained freedom, civil society was increasingly restricted. Freedom at global level: ♦ Over the past ten years, liberal democracies have decreased from 41 countries to 32 countries. ♦ In the past ten years, the global decline has been large and will continue to decline in 2020, especially in the Asia-Pacific region, Central Asia, Eastern Europe and Latin America. ♦ In 2020, the level of democracy enjoyed by ordinary citizens worldwide has dropped to the last level around 1990. ♦ "Electoral despotism" is still the most popular type of regime. Like closed despotism, there are 87 states, accounting for 68% of the world's population. ♦ The Group of G20 nations such as Brazil, India, Turkey and the United States of America are part of this transformation. ♦ The number of democratized countries has been reduced by nearly half to 16, accounting for only 4% of the global population.  

    New Five Year Plan of China

    31 days ago
    China officially approved the 14th Five-Year Plan for 2021-2025 on March 11, 2021. The draft outline has been adopted by the National People's Congress. Highlights: ♦ The new five-year plan highlights some key strategic projects that the country will prioritize. The project also includes: ♦ Build Tibet's first hydroelectric dam on the Yarlung Zangbo River or the lower reaches of the Yarlung Zangbo River. This part refers to a river in Tibet before entering India. Construct the Sichuan-Tibet railway line near the border with India. The plan also promotes self-sufficiency in emerging industries including artificial intelligence (AI). ♦ The plan also emphasizes the opening of access to major border highways, including the G219 national highway, which extends along the entire length of the India-China border in Xinjiang and Tibet. ♦ China has also approved four dams in the upper and middle reaches. The hydropower dam in Tibet will be the first dam on the lower reaches of the Yarlung Zangbo River. However, India is concerned about the four previously announced dams on the upper and middle reaches of the Brahmaputra River.  ♦ The first dam was called Zangmu and it went into operation in 2015. The Indian side also uses hydrological data provided by China to monitor the flow of rivers and the construction of downstream dams in accordance with bilateral arrangements between China, India and India. China. However, officials emphasized that the Yarlung Zangbo River is not entirely dependent on the upstream water flow. 35% of the base is India. ♦ China has announced that it may build dams in the lower reaches of the Brahmaputra River and the Big Bend near the border. This is a cause for concern because the location is on the border of an ecologically sensitive area with Arunachal Pradesh.  

    India-Uzbekistan Military Exercise-Exercise DUSTLIK II

    32 days ago
    The India-Uzbekistan joint military exercise "DUSTLIK II" began in Ranikhet (Uttarakhand). About Ex DUSTLIK: ♦ This is the second edition of the annual bilateral joint exercise between the two militaries. The first edition was held in Uzbekistan in 2019. ♦ Under the authorization of the United Nations, the two contingents will share their expertise and skills in the field of counter-terrorism operations in mountain/rural/urban scenarios. The exercise will finally be a 36-hour joint verification exercise. ♦ This joint exercise will promote the ever-developing military and diplomatic relations between the two countries, and also reflects the two countries’ firm determination to counter terrorism.

    Defence Acquisition Councils Plans-US

    33 days ago
    The Defense Acquisition Council (DAC) will undertake multi-billion dollar deals for armed drones from the United States and advanced submarines under the Project-75I. Highlights: ♦ India has been seeking to purchase 30 armed drones from the United States, each serving 10, but this process has been repeatedly delayed in the past few years. ♦ Although the Navy has urgent requirements for High Altitude Long Endurance (HALE) drones, in view of the high cost of the platform, its practicality in the Army and Air Force is still in doubt. ♦ The Navy has introduced two MQ-9B Sea Guardian unarmed drones purchased from the United States. Project-75I: ♦ The 75I-class submarine is the successor to the 75-class Kalvari-class submarine of the Indian Navy. ♦ This project is being processed through the Strategic Partnership (SP) model of the Defense Procurement Procedure. ♦ This project is part of a 30-year plan for the construction of indigenous submarines and was approved by the Cabinet Committee on Security in 1999. About Defence Acquisition Council: ♦ The Defense Acquisition Council (DAC) is the highest decision-making body in the Ministry of Defense, responsible for determining new policies and new capital acquisitions for the three services (Army, Navy and Air Force) and the Indian Coast Guard. ♦ The Minister of Defence  is the chairman of the Defense Acquisition Council. ♦ It was established in 2001 after the recommendations of the Group of Ministers on "Reforming the National Security System", that is, after the Kargil War (1999).

    Air Strikes on Sanaa

    33 days ago
    The Saudi-led military alliance carried out an airstrike on Yemen’s capital Sana’a. Saudi Arabia intercepted 10 drones launched by Houthis before the strike. Highlights: ♦ Sanaʽa is the largest city in Yemen. ♦ According to the Constitution, Sanaʽa is the capital of Yemen. ♦ After the Houthi occupation, the capital was moved to the former capital of South Yemen, Aden. ♦ Aden (Aden) is located next to the Sarawat Mountains in Jabal An-Nabi Shu’ayb and Jabal Tiyal. It is considered the highest mountain in the country and the highest mountain in the region. ♦ Sanaʽa is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. ♦ Sana'a has distinctive architectural features, notably its multi-storey buildings decorated with geometric patterns.

    China Gives Green Light For First Downstream Dams On Brahmaputra

    35 days ago
    China's new Five-Year Plan (FYP) 2021-2025 draft gave the green light for the first dam to be built on the lower reaches of the Yarlung Zangbo river, as the Brahmaputra was well known in Tibet before it flowed into India. Highlights: ♦ The draft outline of the "2025 Five-Year Plan" and the draft long-term goal by 2035 specifically mention the construction of hydropower bases downstream of the river, which is one of the priority energy projects to be carried out in the next five years. ♦ Downstream refers to the section of the Tibetan river that flows into India. ♦ The inclusion of these projects in the draft plan indicates that the authorities have approved the first start of excavation downstream. ♦ This marks a new chapter in river hydropower development. ♦ Other major projects: the construction of coastal nuclear power plants and power transmission channels. ♦ All drafts are ready for formal approval.

    First Counter-Terrorism Dialogue Between India-Nigeria

    35 days ago
    First Strategic and Counter-Terrorism Dialogue was held between Nigeria and India. Highlights: Discussed the threats and challenges faced by democratic societies such as terrorism, extremism and radicalism. Identified specific areas of cooperation to strengthen the fight against terrorism.

    Indian Navy Ships Visit Mongla, Bangladesh's Historic Port City For The First Time

    35 days ago
    Two Indian Naval Ships are planned for the historic port town of Mongla in Bangladesh from March 8 to 10, 2021 to commemorate the ongoing Swarnim Vijay Varsh and reaffirm the friendship between India and Bangladesh. Highlights: ♦ The two ships are INS Sumedha, which is a indigenously built Offshore Patrol vessel; and INS Kulish, which is a guided missile corvette made by the country. ♦ This is the first visit by an Indian Naval Ship to the port of Mongla in Bangladesh. Its purpose is to pay tribute to the Bangladesh and Indian combatants and citizens who lost their lives during the 1971 Liberation War. ♦ This move will reaffirm India’s firm determination and commitment to maintain peace, stability and good order in the region in accordance with SAGAR principles.

    Protester Shot Dead UN Security Council

    35 days ago
    In a recent round of bloodletting, a protester was shot dead in Myanmar. The UN Security Council prepares to stage anti-coup demonstrations at escalating meetings crisis. United Nations Security Council: The Security Council was established in accordance with the United Nations Charter in 1945. The council has 15 members that comprise 5 permanent members and 10 non-permanent members. The members are elected for a two-year term. The 5 permanent members of the are the United States (US), the Russian Federation, France, China and the United Kingdom. The chairmanship of the board of directors rotates once a month among its 15 members. The board of directors is headquartered in New York. The Security Council has primary responsibility for maintaining the security of the United Nations. International peace and security. It has 15 members, and each member has one vote. According to the Charter of the United Nations, all member states are obliged to Compliance with the decision of the board of directors.

    Move of OPEC+ to Hit Recovery

    35 days ago
    India is the world's third-largest oil importer. India stated that due to rising prices, the decision of major producers to continue to cut production may threaten the recovery of consumption in some countries. The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and its allies (known as OPEC+) agreed to increase supplies in April because they are waiting for a further sharp rise in demand during the COVID-19 pandemic. After the announcement, crude oil prices have risen and this year they have risen by 33%. OPEC: ♦ The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is a permanent intergovernmental organization and it is established by Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela at the Baghdad Conference from September 10 to 14, 1960. ♦ Five founding members subsequently joined: Qatar (1961)-its membership was terminated in January 2019; Indonesia (1962)-membership was suspended in January 2009, membership was reactivated in January 2016, but it was decided on November 2016 Membership was suspended again in December; Libya (1962); United Arab Emirates (1967); Algeria (1969); Nigeria (1971); Ecuador (1973)-its membership was suspended in December 1992 and reactivated in October 2007, But decided to pull back its membership from 1st January 2020; Angola (2007); Gabon (1975)-terminated membership in January 1995, but rejoined in July 2016; Equatorial Guinea (2017); and Congo (2018).  ♦ In the first five years after its establishment, OPEC was headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. Moved to Vienna, Austria on September 1, 1965. ♦ The aim of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries is to coordinate and unify oil policies among member states to ensure fair and stable prices for oil producers; provide effective, economic and regular oil supply to consumer countries; and provide fairness to those who invest in the industry Return on capital.  

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