5 hours ago
The United Arab Emirates' Central Bank in Abu Dhabi at their Financial Intelligence Unit (FILI) introduced a new reporting platform 'goAML' (global operations Anti-Money Laundering).
It is developed by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
Their main aim is to curb organised crimes.
It is the first country in the Gulf to launch this platform.
All financial institutions in the IJAE must register on the new platform by June 27,
2019 to avoid penalties.
Around 900 entities including, banks, insurance companies and money exchange centres to register on the platform.
It will help FIU to prevent money laundering, financing aganist terrorism.
It was developed by UNODC.
Capital: Abu Dhabi
Currency: UAE Dirham
President of UAE: Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
6 hours ago
Mauritania, a country in Northwest Africa conducted election a former general and defense minister, Mohamed Ould Ghazouani of Union for the Republic (UPR) party won the presidential election.
He won with 52% votes.
He succeeds Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz.
Anti-slavery activist Biram Dah Abeid won second with 18.58% votes.
Sidi Mohamed Ould Boubacar biggest Islamist party won third with 17.87% votes.
First time in 60 years Mauritania faced elections.
They gained independence (28 November 1960) from France.
Currency: Mauritanian ouguiya
1 day ago
Saudi Arabia became the first Arab country to get membership of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF).
The number of permanent members of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is 39.
The membership admitted into the global money laundering after the Annual General Meeting in Orlando, Florida.
FATF celebrated their 30th anniversary of its first meeting
Saudi Arabia received an invitation from FATF in 2015 and they joined as an "observer member'.
Headquarters: Paris, France
President: Marshall Billingslea
1 day ago
Mexico became the first country to ratify the trade deal to replace 25-year-old North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
The trade deal is known as the United States- Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA).
The USMCA (NAFTA 2.0) modified for automakers, stricter labor, and environmental standards, intellectual property protections, and digital trade provisions.
US President Donald Trump and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Mexico's and President Enrique Pena Nieto signed the deal in November 2018 need to ratified by all three governments.
About the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
It is an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States
It creates a trilateral trade bloc in North America.
The agreement came into force on January 1, 1994
2 days ago
Saudi official carried out an extensive cover-up of Mr. Khashoggi’s killing in a Saudi consulate in October blocking investigators and possibly burning evidence.
The destruction of evidence and the active role of the Saudi consul general in organizing the operation in coordination with officials in Riyadh
The killing and cover-up were authorized at the highest levels of the Saudi royal court.
The report presents a new challenge to President Donald Trump embraced the Saudi crown prince.
Mohammed Bin Salman, as a pivotal ally and sought to avoid blaming him for directing the killing.
2 days ago
Sri Lanka with Beijing-backed Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank for a $1 billion dollar loan to help an economy that has been badly hit by a deadly terrorist attack and political turmoil.
They are discussing with the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank to obtain nearly an additional $1 billion.
The ministry the bank also approved $280 million for a renovations in the capital Colombo.
There are projects worth around $271 million being carried out across the country to boost growth.
Sri Lanka has been beset by political infighting since President Maithripala Sirisena sacked Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe in October last year
22 June 2019
India has extended USD 15 million assistance to Niger for organising the African Union (AU) summit scheduled to be held in Niamey from July 7-8.
The support of grant assistance was in response to a specific request made by the Niger government.
This year, Niger is hosting an AU summit for the first time.
In this AU summit, the historic African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) is likely to be launched.
India and Niger:
Bilateral ties between India and Niger have expanded significantly since the opening of the Indian Resident Diplomatic Mission in Niamey in 2009.
India has provided Lines of Credit worth USD 96.54 million to Niger for projects in transport, electrification, solar energy, and potable drinking water.
India is also establishing the Mahatma Gandhi International Convention Centre (MGICC) in Niamey under grant assistance.
Niger President:- Mohammed Saidil Moctar
21 June 2019
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo’s a boost between the political leadership of India and the U.S. A .
Mr. Pompeo deliver a major public lecture, addressing the next generation of Indian youth.
He discusses tricky issues like H1B visas for IT workers and Indian plans for data localization.
The Secretary of State and External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar primarily focus on preparations for the Trump-Modi meeting .
He expected on the sidelines of the G-20 summit in Osaka on June 28-29.
It is expected to meet with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe for an India-U,S,-Japan trilateral to discuss Indo-Pacific strategy.
The 5G telecommunications and India’s planned purchase of the Russian S-400 anti missile systems.
Apart from U.S. concerns on data localisation and a possible quid pro quo with H1-B visas,
It is expected to make it clear that if India goes ahead with the S-400 deal to offer high technology hardware like F-35 combat aircraft.
Iran sanctions are expected to be taken up during the Trump-Modi bilateral talks discussed during Mr. Pompeo’s visit.
Both governments are exploring the possibility of another meeting at the UN General Assembly.
21 June 2019
India to surpass China as the world’s most populous country in the world.
India is also expected to add 273 million people by 2050.
It remains the most populated until the end of the century.
India has an estimated population of 1.37 billion and China 1.43 billion and by 2027.
India’s population is projected to surpass China’s.
The global population is to increase by another 2 billion people by 2050, from 7.7 billion in 2019 to 9.7 billion thirty years
According to ‘The World Population Prospects 2019’ published by the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs
There are 55 countries are estimated to see their populations shrink by at least one per cent.
From 2010,27 countries recorded a minimum one per cent reduction in population.
This trend of a growing number of countries experiencing a decline in population attributed to sustained low levels of fertility.
In China, the largest of these 55 countries, the population is projected to shrink by as much as 2.2 per cent or 31.4 million by 2050.
India is expected to add 273 million people more to its headcount.
20 June 2019
The US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has canceled a trip to Sri Lanka due to unavoidable reason. In his visit he had planned to show solidarity with Christians attacked in Easter Sunday suicide bombing.
An evangelical Christian, Pompeo has frequently spoken of religious freedom concerns around the world. Coordinated attacks in Sri Lanka on churches and luxury hotels on Easter Sunday killed 258 people, including 45 foreign nationals. The Sri Lankan government said the attacks were carried out by a little-known local Islamist extremist group, National Thowheeth Jama'ath, with videos later showing bombers pledging allegiance to the Islamic State group.
20 June 2019
The World Health Organization (WHO) launched a global campaign named "AWaRe" urging governments to adopt a tool to reduce the spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), adverse events and costs.
It is developed by the WHO Essential Medicines List.
It is classified antibiotics into three groups - Access, Watch and Reserve.
The main aim to increase the proportion of global consumption of antibiotics in the Access group to at least 60% and to reduce the usage of the antibiotics from the Watch and Reserve groups.
The AWaRe campaign - 'AdoptAWaRe, Handle antibiotics with care'
About World Health Organization:
Established: April 7, 1948
Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
Director-General: Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus
20 June 2019
India extended USD 15 million assistance to Nigeria for organizing the African Union (AU) summit scheduled to be held in Niamey.
This summit is scheduled to be held in Niamey from July 7-8.It is the first time that Niger is scheduled to host an AU summit.
The assistance in the form of the grant was symbolically handed over to Niger's Deputy Foreign Minister Lamido Ousseini Bala Goga Salamatou by Ambassador of India to Niger Rajesh Agarwal held on June 17 in Niamey.
This summit is expected to launch the historic African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA).
Relationship between India and Nigeria
Bilateral ties expanded significantly since the opening of the Indian Resident Diplomatic Mission in Niamey in 2009.
India provided Lines of Credit worth USD 96.54 million to Nigeria for projects in transport, electrification, solar energy, and potable drinking water.
India also establishes the Mahatma Gandhi International Convention Centre (MGICC) in Niamey under grant assistance.
President: Muhammadu Buhari
Vice President:Yemi Osinbajo
20 June 2019
Ireland decided to ban the sale of new petrol and diesel vehicles by 2030 as part of a major strategy to protect the environment.
It is one among the 180 measures of the Irish government published in the 'Climate Action Plan'.
They plan to have 950,000 electric vehicles on Irish roads supported by a network of charging stations.
This plan also includes the elimination of non-recyclable plastic and higher fees for plastic items which are difficult to recycle.
To this, the government decided to invest in a nationwide charging network.
Their main objective is to transition to a low-carbon to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2050.
The ban of the sale of new fossil fuel cars, they would stop granting National Car Test (NCT) certificates to such vehicles by 2045.
Capital : Dublin
Prime Minister. Leo Varadkar
President :Michael D. Higgins
19 June 2019
United Nations report said that India is set to overtake China as the most populous country by 2027. India will have almost 1.64 billion inhabitants by 2050. South Asia’s opportunity to reap the demographic dividend will peak by 2047.
According to the World Population Prospects 2019 report India is expected to have the largest national increase in the world by 2050. China, on the other hand, is expected to become smaller, dropping from its current 1.43 billion people to approximately 1.4 billion by 2050.
However, while India may have the highest absolute increase in numbers, its rate of growth is slowing. The Central and the Southern Asia region, of which India is a part, is expected to see a 25% increase in population between now and 2050.
19 June 2019
The World Bank has agreed a loan agreement of $518 million to Pakistan for reforms to enhance tax revenues and reduce compliance cost to provide better services to the public.
The bank approved $400 million loan for the Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) to increase its tax to gross domestic product ratio from 13% to 17% and enhance the number of income tax return filers, among other reforms.
The other $118 million will go to revenue mobilization and public resource management project of the country's northwest Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province to increase its capacity for revenue collection and the management of the province's resources.
Aim of the agreement:
The project aims to simplify the tax regime and strengthen the tax and customs administration. It will also support the FBR with technology and digital infrastructure and technical skills.
This will enable more effective use of taxpayer information and more targeted compliance as there are only 18 lakh people file income tax returns.
World Bank's Report:
World Bank said that Pakistan's revenue performance has improved significantly to 12.9% in fiscal year 2017-2018 against 9.5% of GDP in fiscal year 2011-2012 owing to tax policy measures.
It said that this is still lower than the level needed by developing countries, of at least 15% of GDP, to fund basic government functions and provide services to people.
19 June 2019
Facebook finally unveiled the details of Libra, its cryptocurrency. Using Libra people can buy things or send money to people with nearly zero fees. It will be rolled out for use in 2020 and allow the platform’s billions of users across the globe to make financial transactions online. The currency will be serviced by a collective of companies called the Libra Association.
Libra is a global currency and financial infrastructure. In other words, it is a digital asset built by Facebook and powered by a new Facebook-created version of blockchain, the encrypted technology used by bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies.
Facebook aims to reach the 1.7 billion people around the world who do not have access to a bank account. This new technology threatens to change the landscape of banking.
Criticism: Facebooks's Libra, cryptocurrency is already the subject of scrutiny, as Facebook faces increasing calls for regulation and antitrust measures.
18 June 2019
Chinese President Xi Jinping is to visit North Korea for two days on 20 June. He the first Chinese leader to visit the reclusive country in 14 years. The North Korean leader Kim Jong Un invited the Chinese President for t a visit.
Chinese President's visit:
The visit by Mr. Xi to Pyongyang had long been expected within diplomatic circles. The last Chinese leader's visit North Korea was in 2005 by Hu Jintao. The year 2019 marks the 70th year since China and North Korea established diplomatic ties.
Mr. Kim has visited China four times since March 2018.
The countries will exchange views on the Korean peninsula situation, and push for new progress in the political resolution of the peninsula issue. It can be understood that Xi could now use North Korea as leverage in talks with Trump.
China-North Korea relationship:
China is the lone major ally of North Korea. North Korea and China have been working together to improve relations since 2018, after they deteriorated as Beijing backed a series of UN sanctions against its Cold War-era ally over its nuclear activities.
The visit comes amid renewed tensions between the United States and North Korea over efforts to persuade Pyongyang to give up its nuclear weapons. Pyongyang has resumed some weapons tests and warned of truly undesired consequences if the United States is not more flexible.
18 June 2019
Iran announced it will breach on 27 June the limit on its stockpile of enriched uranium that was set under a 2015 nuclear deal with world powers. The Country had quadrupled production of the material, which is used to make reactor fuel and potentially nuclear weapons. This is because of the sacntions levied by the US government. The US has accused Iran of nuclear extortion.
Iran urged European countries to act by protecting Iran from reinstated US sanctions. The UK, France and Germany have warned Iran not to violate the 2015 deal. The European countries have previously said they will have no choice but to reimpose their own sanctions, which were lifted in return for limits on the Iranian nuclear programme.
About 2015 Iran nuclear deal:
♦ Iran nuclear deal also known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA)
♦ In 2015, Iran agreed a long-term deal on its nuclear programme with the P5+1 group of world powers - the US, UK, France, China, Russia and Germany.
♦ Under the deal, Tehran acceded to a 10-year restriction on nuclear production.
♦ As of May 2018, there was broad consensus that Iran has abided by the agreement.
♦ On May 8, 2018, United States President Donald Trump announced the United States was withdrawing from the deal.
18 June 2019
Inger Andersen of Denmark is appointed as the new Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). She was nominated to the post by UN Secretary-General António Guterres. The nomination was approved by acclamation by the UN General Assembly on 20 February. She will serve for a period of four years.
Ms Andersen ia a former Director General of the IUCN with over thirty years of experience in the field of international development. She has held various leadership positions at the World Bank (with almost 15 years of experience) and United Nations. She was the Vice President of the Middle East and North Africa Region at the World Bank from 2011 to 2015 and Vice President for Sustainable Development and Head of the Consultative Group of International Agricultural Research Fund Council from 2010 to 2011.
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP):
♦ Headquarters: Nairobi, Kenya
♦ Head: Inger Andersen
♦ Director: Erik Solheim
♦ Founded on: 1972, Nairobi, Kenya
♦ UNEP aims to provide leadership and encourage partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing, and enabling nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations.
18 June 2019
Lieutenant General Faiz Hameed has been appointed as Pakistan’s Director General of Inter-Services Intelligence (DG-ISI), a powerful spy agency. He assumed his office on 17th June 2019.The Pakistan Army also announced a number of changes to postings of its top generals.
Lt. Gen. Hameed was appointed as Director-General of the ISI in place of Lieutenant General Asim Munir. Munir was transferred and appointed as Corps Commander Gujranwala. Lt. Gen. Munir was appointed as ISI chief in October 2018 after the retirement of his predecessor Lt. Gen. Naveed Mukhtar.
Lieutenant General Faiz Hameed:
Lieutenant General Faiz Hameed is a three-star rank general in the Pakistan Army. He is currently the 24th Director-General of Inter-Services Intelligence (DG-ISI).
On April 12, the Pakistan Army promoted then Major General Hameed to the rank of Lieutenant General and appointed him Adjutant General at the General Headquarters (GHQ) later that month.
He was previously serving as the head of the Counter Intelligence wing in the ISI.
17 June 2019
Pakistan has failed to complete 25 of the 27 requirements demanded by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), international terror financing watchdog , to curb terror funding.
FATF already warned Pakistan to take effective measures to combat money laundering and terrorist financing else the country will be placed on the “grey" list or downgrade it to the black list. Pakistan has been on FATF’s grey list since 2018.
In June 2018, Pakistan committed to work with the FATF to strengthen its anti-money laundering and combating terrorist financing regimes.
Because of this failure, multilateral lenders like the IMF, the World Bank and the EU may continue downgrading Pakistan, making its financial situation more precarious. FATF has also asked Pakistan to submit the details regarding the $7 million allocated to maintain schools, madrasas, clinics and ambulances originally operated by the terror groups.
Financial Action Task Force (FATF):
FATF is an inter-governmental body which devices policy and sets standards to promote effective implementation of legal, regulatory and operational measures to combat money laundering, terrorist financing and other related threats to the integrity of the international financial system.
The body has 38 member countries, including the US, UK, India, Japan, China and France, among others.
17 June 2019
The United States has allowed Iraq to import Iranian gas for its power grid for another three months by extending a waiver to sanctions. But the US insisted that Iraq finds an alternative measure for its need of electricity, including by harnessing gas energy and reducing flaring at oil production sites.
Iraq has had several extensions to the waiver first granted in 2018 after Washington reimposed sanctions on Tehran’s oil sector forbidding countries from purchasing Iranian energy. The extension was given during a phone call between Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi and U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo. The United States continued to insist on diversifying energy imports away from Iran.
U.S. energy giant General Electric won a multibillion-dollar contracts to rebuild Iraq’s electricity system amid intense U.S. lobbying efforts. US reimposed sanctions on Iran’s oil industry in November, citing concerns about its nuclear programme and its meddling in the Middle East.
16 June 2019
India designated as the Guest of Honour at the 33rd Feria Internacional del Libro de Guadalajara (Guadalajara International Book Fair)in Mexico, the National Book Trust.
The book fair organized from November 30 - December 8,
India pavilion at the fair will showcase over 35 Indian authors and artists, along with 15 publishing houses.
India displays a wide array of its rich and composite literary and cultural heritage through literary and academic activities comprising conferences.
Ancient and rare manuscripts including "Mahabharata" and "Ramayana" will be put on exhibition, along with photo books, handicrafts, and paintings.
The exhibition will run parallel to the book fair in the pavillion
They will feature art by 40 renowned Indian women artists including Arpana Caur, Paula Sengupta, and Seema Kohli.
The "Festival of India" will showcase folk, classical and contemporary cultural programmes.
16 June 2019
UK government has banned commercials that reinforce gender prejudices. Advertising Standards Authority (ASA), UK's advertising watchdog introduced the ban because it found evidence suggesting that adverse stereotypes could restrict the choices, aspirations and opportunities of children, young people and adults. These kinds of stereotypes can be reinforced by some advertising that plays a part in unequal gender outcomes.
The new rule follows a review of gender stereotyping in adverts the organisation that administers the UK Advertising Codes, which cover both broadcast and non-broadcast adverts, including online and social media.
16 June 2019
More than 600 companies, including Walmart Inc, Target Corp, urged U.S. President Donald Trump to resolve the trade dispute with China that totally affects American businesses and consumers. More than 150 trade groups representing agriculture, manufacturing, retail and tech industries supports the national campaign against tariffs.
The American international consultancy the Trade Partnership reported that additional 25% tariffs on $300 billion in imports, on top of those already levied, would wipe out more than 2 million U.S. jobs. They would also add more than $2,000 in costs for the average American family of four and reduce the value of U.S. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by 1%.
Trump-Xi to meet:
It is significant that U.S and China comes before a possible meeting between Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping at the June 28-29 G20 summit in Osaka, Japan. Trump and Xi will meet on the sidelines of the summit and decide whether to extend tariffs to almost all Chinese imports after that.
15 June 2019
Mary Meeker’s 2019 Internet Trends Report said that the global internet users have touched 3.8 billion which is more than half of the world’s population. China was found to have the largest internet user base at 21%. The internet users in India are 12%, and the United States are 8%.
The report said Asia Pacific region was found to be leading in terms of both the number of users and potential internet users with 53% of users coming from this part of the world. Global internet users making 51% of the world’s population is a considerable growth as compared to 29% of the world’s population using the internet in 2009. The report noted a slowdown in the year-on-year growth in the volume of global internet users.
Meeker also said the increase in number of users in India is due to the introduction of Reliance Jio. It has created a hybrid, online-to-offline commerce platform by integrating Reliance Retail’s physical marketplace with Reliance Jio’s digital infrastructure and services, thus doubling its growth in a year to a total of 307 million subscribers.
15 June 2019
United States won the biggest-ever victory in FIFA Women's World Cup .They defeated Thailand in Group-F match at Reims in France.
Alex Morgan scored five times prior to the three-time winners.Lindsey Horan, Megan Rapinoe, Mallory Pugh and Carli Lloyd were also on the score sheet as the US broke Germany's record of an 11-nil win over Argentina in 2007.
USA lost just one international game since July 2017 won seven games in a row.They have scored 36 goals in the process in five matches.
Pool E -Netherlands defeated New Zealand
Sweden beat Chile, two-zero at Rennes
In Group-A, Nigeria will take on South Korea
Pool-B match between Germany and Spain
14 June 2019
Chinese President Xi Jinping was conferred with Manas Order of the First Degree, the highest national award in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. He was awarded during visit to Kyrgyzstan before the SCO summit. President Xi said that the honour has fully demonstrated the relationship between both the countries and people.
China plan to partner with Kyrgyzstan to deepen traditional friendship between the two countries and also towards pushing forward Kyrgyzstan-China comprehensive strategic partnership for new bilateral achievements.
Kyrgyzstan is hosting 19th Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summit starting 14 June 2019. SCO is a Eurasian political, economic and security alliance in which China plays an influential role. The founding member of SCO includes China, Russia, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan. India and Pakistan were admitted to Beijing-based regional security grouping in 2017.
14 June 2019
EducationUSA launched an app in collaboration with the United States India Educational Foundation
The app is available on both Android and iOS platforms for free
The US embassy launched a mobile application that gives comprehensive and latest information about studying in the United States.
The main aim is at students who may not be geographically centred in India
It helps students with information about studying in the country.
The app EducationUSA launched in collaboration with the United States India Educational Foundation
It is available on both Android and iOS platforms for free.
The app act as the first point of information for students, parents, school counsellors and other interested users.
The release of the app in New Delhi and consulates in Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata and Hyderabad
There are almost 1,100 students present at the consular section for interviews
Around 90% of these students could get visas to travel to the US for higher education.
The app information on various events planned under the Education USA banner across India.
They have a provision to keep students updated on news and events
About Education USA
Educational exchange is the most important aspects of the US-India relationship.
There are nearly 200,000 Indian students in US with the number of Indian students going to the US for higher education doubled in the last decade.
14 June 2019
Prmie Minister Modi met the Chinese President Xi Jinping on sidelines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summit. In the meeting both the leaders agreed that the approach to the border issue should be constructive.
Mr. Xi suggested the need for regional cooperation and connectivity. After the Wuhan informal summit, both the countries has expanded theier ties. Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar (BCIM) economic corridor stands as the best example.
The discussion focused on cooperation and accepting differences because of which the relationship between China-India will become a more positive asset and positive energy for promoting the development of the two countries.
13 June 2019
The Government of Japan planned to invest an amount of 205.784 billion Yen equal to Rs 13000 crores to complete new projects in different states of India's North- Eastern region.
This decision is disclosed after a meeting held with Minister Jitendra Singh with Japanese delegation led by Ambassador Kenji Hiramatsu.
The important topics where Japan collaborates include Guwahati Water Supply Project and Guwahati Sewage Project in Assam, Northeast Road Network
The main project established all over Assam and Meghalaya and Biodiversity Conservation and Forest Management Project in Sikkim and Tripura, Technical Cooperation Project for Sustainable Agriculture & Irrigation in Mizoram, Forest Management Project in Nagaland.
The Japanese contribution to the development and transformation of the North-Eastern region in the last three to four years.
The new areas of collaboration to be worked out which could possibly include Bamboo-related collaboration.
Prime minister: Shinzō Abe Trending
Currency: Japanese Yen
12 June 2019
Kassym-Jomart Tokayev has sworn in as the President of Kazakhstan. He was the interim president and hand-picked successor of Nursultan Nazarbayev. He won the election, which was held on 9 June, with 70.96% of the vote which was contested against six government-approved candidates.
Tokayev presidency aims to continue Nazarbayev’s policies aimed at improving the well-being of the people. He succeeded Nursultan Nazarbayev, who announced his resignation in March after 30 years in power.
This is the first time Kazakhstan gets its new president since the collapse of the Soviet Union.
11 June 2019
Canada ban single-use plastics from the year 2021
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau planned to ban plastic bottles, straws and plastic bags clogging the world's oceans.
Canada to lead to fighting against plastic pollution as the country with the world's longest coastline.
Currently, 10 percent of plastics are recycled.
A million birds and more than 100,000 marine mammals worldwide suffer injury or death through the food chain.
Plastic Straws, plastic bags, cutlery, plates among the items.
Around 180 countries reached a deal to reduce the amount of plastic that ends up in the world's oceans.
Marine animals can become entangled in larger plastics - particularly cord, nets, and ropes from fishing.
Canadian government planned to decide single-use plastic products included ban of plastic bags, straws, cutlery, plates and stir sticks.
Around 3m tonnes of plastic waste thrown away each year at Canada.
Governor General: Julie Payette
Prime Minister: Justin Trudeau
10 June 2019
Famous Writer Romila Thapar elected as an international member of American Philosophical Society (APS) at its Annual Spring Meeting
She is Emerita professor whose principal area of study is ancient India.
She wrote several books including the popular volume, A History of India, and is currently Professor Emerita at Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) in New Delhi.
She was offered Padma Bhushan award but declined both times.
Her famous Works: Aśoka, epigraphy of Mauryan period, and ground-breaking studies and multiple historiographies surrounding contested Hindu and Muslim history of Somnath.
About American Philosophical Society (APS)
Founder: Benjamin Franklin
Headquarters: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Subsidiaries: American Philosophical Society Museum, American Philosophical Society Library
10 June 2019
SriLankan Airlines named as the 'World's Most Punctual Airline' for the second consecutive time with over 90 percent of its flights in May.
This status was achieved for the second time in less than 12 months.
They achieved a punctuality rating of 91.37 percent reports Xinhua news agency.
In a may month they achieved a punctuality rating of 90.75 percent.
Flightstats analyzed 41 carriers data from Europe, North America, Asia, the Middle East, and South America and includes most of the world's most prestigious airlines.
The punctuality rating of 90.75% by SriLankan Airlines in May 2019 facing challenges caused by heightened security at airline’s hub at Bandaranaike International Airport (in Sri Lankan capital Colombo).
About SriLankan Airlines
CEO: Vipula Gunatilleka
Hub: Bandaranaike International Airport
10 June 2019
The African Union’s Peace and Security Council has suspended Sudan as there is no civilian rule established in the country. The decision was taken at AU's peace and Security Council meeting in Ethiopia's capital Addis Ababa.
This move by AU intensifies global pressure on Sudan's new military leaders to stand down after witnessing worst violence since Bashir's fall.
AU said Sudan will be suspended until power was transferred to a civilian-led authority in the country. It also demanded to resolve an entrenched and bloody crisis.
The AU’s suspension followed the forceful dispersal of the month-long sit-ins. The military action resulted in the death of more than a hundred protesters.
AU founded on: 26 May 2001
Launched on: 9 July 2002
Chairman: Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
Political centres: Addis Ababa, Johannesburg
Member states: 55
AU aims to achieve greater unity, cohesion, and solidarity between the African countries and African nations
9 June 2019
The Ministry of External Affairs said that the meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Pakistan counterpart Imran Khan before the summit meeting of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is not confirmed yet. The leaders of the two countries are scheduled to travel to Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic for the SCO summit of 13-14 June 2019.
The tension that was erupted after the terror attack at Pulwama and the Balakot counter-terror strike and the measures to de-escalate the tension is still ongoing.
8 June 2019
US President Donald Trump has threatened that the US would hit China with tariffs on at least another $300 billion worth of Chinese goods. While Trump on 6 June said that talks with China were ongoing, no face-to-face meetings have been held since May 10.
On May 10, the US sharply increased tariffs on a $200 billion list of Chinese goods to 25% for which Beijing retaliated.
Tensions between the two countries have risen sharply since talks aimed at ending a festering trade war broke down in early May.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has warned that escalating tariff threats reduce business and market confidence and it could slow global growth that is currently expected to improve in 2020. Regarding this issue, the US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin is scheduled to meet People's Bank of China Governor Yi Gang at a gathering of G20 finance leaders in Japan. This will be the first face-to-face discussion between key negotiators in nearly a month.
8 June 2019
Jeune Afrique, the 59-year-old arrested at his hotel in Paris where global chiefs have gathered this week for FIFA's annual congress and the start of the Women's World Cup.
Former sports minister and current senator in Madagascar, Ahmad was elected president of the Confederation of African Football in 2017
His time in charge of the Egyptian-based organisation is subject of a FIFA ethics committee investigation.
He is related to bribery allegations linked to the 2017 switch CAF made from its German kit supplier Puma to French company Tactical Steel.
President: Gianni Infantino Trending
Founded at: Paris, France
Membership: 211 national associations
Senior Vice-President: Salman Bin Ibrahim Al-Khalifa (AFC)
Secretary General: Fatma Samoura
Headquarters: Zürich, Switzerland
7 June 2019
According to Forbes Report, Rapper Jay-Z hip-hop artist to become a billionaire
The Forbes magazine in an article published opens by recalling a 2010 meeting between the rapper and billionaire Warren Buffett From which the octogenarian came away.
The magazine surveyed Jay-Z's empire spans music, a streaming service, liquor, art real estate and stakes in other companies and determines that it conservatively totals $1 billion.
His own brand is Rocawear clothing line D'Usse, a cognac he co-owns with Bacardi; Tidal, the music-streaming service; and his multifaceted Roc Nation music and sports empire.
About Forbes Company
Company Forbes Media, LLC.
Country United States
Based in Jersey City, New Jersey, U.S.
7 June 2019
The union government notified an agreement with the Marshall Islands a country of volcanic islands and coral atolls in the Pacific Ocean, for the exchange of banking and company information for tax purposes.
It comes under tax evasion and tax avoidance.
It is called as tax information exchange agreement (TIEA)
They allow mutual cooperation between the two countries by providing an effective framework for exchange of information in tax matters.
The agreement (India-Marshall Islands TIEA) between the Indian government and the government of the Marshall Islands was signed on March 18, 2016, at Majuro, the Republic of the Marshall Islands.
The bilateral agreement is based on international standards of tax transparency and exchange of information and enables the sharing of information on request.
7 June 2019
Taiwan plans to propose a deal to buy tanks and portable missiles from the U.S. This proposal by Taiwan drew an angry rebuke from China. Taiwan’s Defence Ministry requested the US for 108 M1A2 Abrams main battle tanks, more than 1,500 Javelin and TOW anti-tank missiles, and 250 shoulder-fired Stinger anti-aircraft missiles in the proposal formally.
The U.S. government, on the other hand, has given Congress informal notification of its plan to sell the equipment in a deal worth $2 billion.
China has asked the U.S. to understand that its decision to sell arms to Taiwan might cause problems between China and Taiwan as it is expected Taiwan to abide by the One China principle.
One-China policy says that there is only one country of China with the official name of China, despite the fact that there are two governments namely the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC).
Despite being ruled separately since the end of a civil war in 1949, China still views Taiwan as its territory and has vowed to take the island, by force if necessary.
If China announces war on Taiwan, the country outgunned in terms of troop numbers and firepower. Hence, Taiwan is in need to upgrade much of its equipment. Its current tank force consists of around 1,000 CM 11 Brave Tiger and M60A3 tanks, a technology that is increasingly obsolete.
Past Taiwan and US deal:
The U.S. government announced plans in 2018 to sell spare parts worth $330 million to Taiwan for its U.S. made F-16 fighter jets and C-130 military transport planes. Taiwan has also submitted a formal request to Washington for new fighter jets to upgrade its air force but the US had not made any open response yet.
6 June 2019
US authorities said that there was a sharp 10% decline in the approval of H-1B visas by the U.S. in 2018, which is popular among highly skilled Indian IT professionals. The experts attributed to the aggressive policies of the Trump administration to clamp down on the use of the work visa programme.
What is H-1b Visa?
The H-1B visa programme is the main vehicle through which US employers can sponsor skilled foreign workers for admission. It is a non-immigrant visa that allows U.S. companies to employ foreign workers in specialty occupations that require theoretical or technical expertise.
10% decline in approval rate:
In 2018, the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) approved 3,35,000 H-1B visas, both new and renewable. This was 10% less than the 3,73,400 visas approved in the previous fiscal year of 2017, according to the USCIS’ annual statistical report. The approval rate of H-1B declined from 93% in 2017 to 85% in 2018.
For the first six months of the fiscal year 2019, the overall approval rate of the H-1B visa for new and continuing visas continued to stay to 79% by the end of March, down from 85% last year.
Buy American and Hire American:
“Buy American and Hire American” executive order which was signed by Trump in April 2017, seeks to create higher wages and employment rates for U.S. workers. It also seeks to protect their economic interests by rigorously enforcing and administering our immigration laws. It also directed to advance policies to help ensure H-1B visas are awarded to the most-skilled or highest-paid beneficiaries.
6 June 2019
Pramila Jayapal first Indian American woman to preside over US house.
She is the first elected to Congress in 2016 preside over the House and served the most diverse Congress in the nation's history.
She presided over the House as a Temporary Speaker.
The House Democrats rotate for the ceremonial position of presiding over the chamber.
She became the first South Asian American woman to preside over the US House of Representatives.
A record number of 17 Asian Americans serve in Congress with 14 in the House and three in the Senate house.
About Pramila Jayapal
Pramila Jayapal is an American politician and activist from the State of Washington
She serves as the U.S. Representative from Washington's 7th congressional district.
It includes most of Seattle as well as suburban areas of King County.
6 June 2019
Forbes magazine has named Rihanna as the world’s richest female musician. Rihanna's Fenty Beauty brand business endeavors have officially made her the richest female musician in the world. Her worth is estimated at $600m (£472m) which includes revenues made from her fashion and beauty lines in addition to those from her music career.
Forbes reported that the French luxury brand LVMH backs Rihanna’s lucrative cosmetics company, Fenty Beauty. Fenty beauty was launched in 2017. It is worth more than £3bn, from which Rihanna has earned $570m.
In 2012, Rihanna founded the Clara Lionel Foundation. The trust supports health and education efforts in impoverished communities around the world. Harvard University, in February 2017, she was named humanitarian of the year.
Top 5 in Forbes’ list of richest female musicians:
The other singers in Forbes’s list of the top five richest female musicians are:
Madonna stands second place ($570m)
Céline Dion stands third ($450m)
Beyoncé and Barbra Streisand tied in fourth ($400m)
Taylor Swift stands sixth ($360m).
Forbes other rankings:
Forbes has also name Kardashian scion Kylie Jenner as America’s youngest self-made billionaire.
It has named Jay-Z as the world’s first billionaire rapper as his worth is estimated at $1bn.
6 June 2019
China launched a space rocket from the sea for the first time on 5 June 2019. With this China will be the third nation to successfully demonstrate the ability to launch satellites into orbit from a floating platform following the U.S. and Russia.
In the operation, March 11, a Long rocket was launched from a ship in the Yellow Sea.
The first ever seaborne launch technology aims to meet the growing launch demand of low inclination satellites. It is also expected to help China provide launch services for countries participating in the Belt and Road Initiative
The rocket carried two experimental satellites and five commercial satellites. The experimental satellites will monitor ocean winds to set up all-weather monitoring of ocean wind fields and improve typhoon monitoring and accuracy of the weather forecast in China. It was built by the China Academy of Space Technology in Beijing.
1. Earth-imaging cubesat - 1
2. Tianqi-3, an experimental communications satellite
3,4. China's first Ka-band communications satellites- Two satellites
5. New satellite for China's Jilin-1 remote-sensing satellite constellation
The seaborne test along with its ambitious plans for missions to the moon and beyond has made China a major space power.
China's space exploration:
China is the first nation to land a rover on the far side of the moon. It also plans to build a research base on the lunar surface. The country also plans to send a probe to Mars and build a space station in Earth orbit.
In 2003, China became the third nation to have the capability of launching humans into space.
China is one of the leading country in launching a number of satellites from its launch stations on land.
6 June 2019
Russia launched its first ever tourist train traveling through Russia's Arctic region to Norway set off from Saint Petersburg station with 91 passengers aboard for the inaugural trial journey.
The train named "Zarengold" ("The Tsars gold" in German) complete with two restaurant cars travel from Saint Petersburg through Petrozavodsk, the historic town of Kem and Murmansk.
The duration of the trip will be 11 days
The inaugural function consists of 91 tourists from seven countries including the US, Germany, Norway and Russia.
Currency: Russian ruble
President: Vladimir Putin
5 June 2019
Generalized System of Preference (GSP) is the largest and oldest US trade preference programme.
India was the largest beneficiary of the GSP programme in 2017 with $5.7 billion in imports to the US given duty-free status.
Reason for US withdrawing India’s GSP benefits:
The move was taken on determining that India has not committed to provide “equitable and reasonable access to its markets” for the US.
US’s trade imbalance with India,
No access to Indian market for US dairy,
Medical device industry and
Issues related to data localisation norms.
On March 4, Trump announced that the US intends to terminate India's designations as a beneficiary developing country under the GSP programme. The 60-day notice period ended on May 3.
4 June 2019
Nayib Bukele is elected as the new president of El Salvador. The 37 -year-old former mayor of San Salvador, who won more votes than all other candidates in the February presidential election, brought an end to a two-party system that has held sway over the country for three decades.
He pledged to cure the Central American country that he described as a "sick child" following years of violence and migration that has strained relations with the United States.
About Nayib Bukele:
Bukele was born on July 24, 1981, in San Salvador. The former mayor of El Salvador’s capital Bukele made his political debut in 2012 as a small-town mayor with the now-ruling FMLN (Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front). In 2017, Bukele was expelled from FMLN for "disrespecting" the rights of women.
His presidency breaks three decades of bipartisanship between the conservative Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA) and the outgoing Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN).
President: Nayib Bukele
Vice President: Félix Ulloa
Official language: Spanish
Capital: San Salvador
Currency: United States dollar (USD)
3 June 2019
The presidential elections in Sri Lanka have been announced to be held between November 15 and December 7, 2019. The announcement was made by the Election Commission Chairman Mahinda Deshapriya. As per the Sri Lankan constitution, the polls must be held one month before the end of the current President’s term.
Sri Lankan President Sirisena's five-year term is scheduled to end on January 8, 2020. He was elected for a 5-year term on January 8, 2015.