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Last Updated: August 25, 2019 14 hours ago

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  • NASA found more than 40 pieces of debris created by Indias anti satellite test

    14 hours ago
    A survey by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Orbital Debris Program Office reported that more than 40 pieces of debris created by India's anti-satellite test. The debris created by the test conducted by ISRO on 27 March is still moving around in space even as the majority of the debris has disintegrated. The survey also said that 101 big pieces have been tracked and 49 continue to be in the orbit as of July 15. India's anti-satellite test: India had shot down the Microsat-R satellite on March 27, 2019. It intended to demonstrate that it can shoot down the space-based infrastructure of an enemy country. India is only the fourth country to have demonstrated this capability.

    Iran unveiled Bavar 373 system

    2 days ago
    Iran has unveiled the Bavar-373 system, a defence missile system, on 22 August. The missile was unveiled by Iranian President Hassan Rouhani on Iran's National Defense Industry Day. The country has developed a large domestic arms industry despite several international sanctions and barring it from importing many weapons. Bavar-373 system: Bavar-373 system is an indigenous long-range, surface-to-air missile air defense system. The missile is capable of targeting planes at more than 300 km, lock it at about 250 km and shooting down targets at a distance of 200 km. This missile is a competitor to the Russian S-300 missile system. Iran and the US: Iran has introduced the system amidst the rising tension between Iran and the United States. Earlier, in the month of June, Iran shot down a U.S. military surveillance drone with a surface-to-air missile in the Gulf. 

    US hold talks with Afghan

    2 days ago
    The United States and the Taliban have resumed negotiations on 24th August to end America's longest war. The U.S. troops have been in Afghanistan for almost 18 years. The talks resumed in Qatar. They earlier announced that both the teams are close to signing a deal.  But it is feared that the Taliban fighters who reject a deal with the U.S. could migrate to other militant groups such as the brutal local affiliate of the Islamic State group. Previous talks: In the past years, the U.S. and the Taliban have held eight previous rounds of negotiations on various issues that include a U.S. troop withdrawal, a cease-fire, intra-Afghan negotiations to follow and Taliban guarantees that Afghanistan will not be a launchpad for global terror attacks.

    APG might blacklist Pakistan

    2 days ago
    The Asia-Pacific Group (APG), might blacklist Pakistan in the meeting that is held in Canberra, Australia, on 25 August. Pakistan has already been greylisted by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) at its plenary session. If APG blacklist Pakistan and place the country under 'Enhanced Expedited Follow Up' status, Pakistan's effort to release itself from FATF's greylist will be at stake. FATF greylist deals with countering terror-financing and money-laundering. The APG meeting began on August 18, 2019. The meeting reviewed Pakistan's behavior on building anti-money-laundering and countering the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) safeguards in the past 5 years. It completed a third evaluation (MER) and the results were found wholly inadequate. Asia-Pacific Group (APG): APG was formed in 1997 in Bangkok, Thailand. It aims to combat money laundering and terrorism financing. There is 41 member jurisdiction under APG. The Deputy Commissioner Leanne Close and Mr. Abu Hena Mohd. Razee Hassan co-chair APG.

    Iceland commemorates first glacier lost due to climate change

    3 days ago
    Iceland marked its first-ever loss of a glacier to climate change. Iceland’s Okjokull glacier. The people commemorated with a plaque - An ornamental tablet, typically of metal, porcelain, or wood, fixed to a wall or other surface in commemoration of a person or event. The plaque ceremony attended by scientists and locals at the Okjokull glacier in west-central Iceland to fulfill the criteria to be classified as a glacier after melting throughout the 20th century. The plaque bears the inscription “A letter to the future”. Glaciologists stripped Okjokull of its glacier status in 2014, a first for Iceland, as the glacier ice covered that 16 square kilometres but by 2012, measured just 0.7 square kilometres in 2017. Iceland Capital- Reykjavík. Currency- Icelandic króna. President- GuðniThorlaciusJóhannesson.

    Saudi Arabia allows women to travel abroad without permission from male guardian

    4 days ago
    Indian Coast Guard and the Sri Lanka Coast Guard under the provisions of the MoU signed between the two sides for the establishment of a collaborative relationship to combat transnational illegal activities at sea and develop regional cooperation.A four-member delegation of the Sri Lanka Coast Guard led by its DG Rear Admiral Samantha Wimalathunge Director General (DG).Both sides agreed to strengthen the cooperation in addressing a spectrum of maritime issues concerning safety and security. Sri Lanka involved in drug trafficking based on the information exchange undertaken by Indian Coast Guard invoking the MoU recognised as an important enabler for pursuing further collaborative response to emerging situations at sea.  Sri Lanka Coast Guard by Indian Coast Guard, training of Sri Lanka Coast Guard personnel and mutual cooperation in the multilateral forums discussed and agreed by both sides. Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia began implementing a landmark reform allowing women over the age of 21 to receive passports and travel abroad without permission from a male "guardian", authorities.The reform weakens the restrictive guardianship system that has long been a symbol of repression against women.The passport department started receiving applications for women aged 21 and above to issue or renew passports and to travel outside the kingdom without permission.The reform comes after high-profile attempts by women to escape alleged guardianship abuse despite a string of reforms by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.The landmark last year that overturned the world's ban on women drivers.Saudi women granted the right to officially register childbirth, marriage or divorce and to be recognized as a guardian to children. The reforms were widely celebrated in the kingdom drew backlash from arch-conservatives, many of whom shared old video sermons on social media by Saudi clerics advocating guardianship laws.

    US test fired a new ground based cruise missile

    4 days ago
    The United States tested a new ground-based cruise missile that is capable covering 500 kilometers in the range at San Nicolas Island, California, the US. This range of missiles was banned in the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF)  treaty signed between the US and Russia. This is the first missile test done by the US after withdrawing from the INF treaty. Also, the US has said that the Country will fully pursue the development of ground-launched conventional missiles of such kind as a prudent response to Russia’s actions and as part of the joint force’s broader portfolio of conventional strike options. The United States exited the INF treaty on 2 August 2019. The country earlier announced its decision to withdraw from INF treaty in 2018 as it said that the treaty no longer benefited American interests. 

    Qamar Javed Bajwas term extended as Pakistans Chief of Army Staff

    August 20, 2019
    Pakistan Prime Minister Office got a 3-year extension of General Qamar Javed Bajwa‘s tenure as Chief of Army Staff. Bajwa’s original term to end in November 2019. He serves as Army chief for three years. He will remain as Army chief till November 2022. Pakistan Capital: Islamabad  Currency: Pakistani rupee Prime minister: Imran Khan

    India contributes $1 million to UN fund

    August 18, 2019
    India contributed $1 million to the UN Special Purpose Trust Fund for the Resident Coordinator System.  The Special Purpose Trust Fund (SPTF) is a specific fund housed within the UN Secretariat established to receive, consolidate, manage and account for all contributions and financial transactions of the new Resident Coordinator system in a transparent and effective way. The fund was established to receive, consolidate, manage and account for all contributions and financial transactions of the new Resident Coordinator system in a transparent and effective way. Special Purpose Trust Fund (SPTF)  A UN Special Purpose Trust Fund (SPTF) established to receive, consolidate, manage and account for all contributions and financial transactions of the reinvigorated RC system. The Fund is housed in the UN Secretariat and will be administered by the Office of the Controller in the Department of Management.  

    N Korea rejects S Koreas pledge to unify the countries

    August 17, 2019
    North Korea's leader Kim Jong-un refused the pledge of the South Korean President Moon Jae-in's to unify the North and South Korea by 2045. North Korea leader Kim Jong-un cited the reason for the loss of dialogue momentum was entirely the responsibility of South Korea.  North Korea's move: North Korea also launched at least two short-range projectiles into the sea on 16 August. The country has protested against joint U.S.-South Korea military drills. North Korea's actions have called the countries for war. It has also fired several short-range missiles since July.  North Korea's new weapon has been seen as an attempt to pressure Washington and Seoul over slow nuclear negotiations and their joint military exercises. North Korea: Type of Government: Unitary one-party republic Leader: Kim Jong-un, he is the Party Chairman and Chairman of the State Affairs Commission President of Assembly Presidium: Choe Ryong-hae Capital: Pyongyang Currency: Korean People's won (₩) Official languages: Korean

    UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres calls for restraint over J&K issue

    August 11, 2019
    UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres called on India and Pakistan to exercise "maximum restraint" and refrain from taking steps that could affect the status of Jammu and Kashmir as the 1972 Simla Agreement to sort out differences between the two countries. The Secretary-General's remarks came after India on Monday revoked Article 370 to withdraw special status to Jammu and Kashmir and bifurcated the state into two Union Territories: Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. Pakistan termed the Indian action as "unilateral and illegal", and said it would take the matter to the UN Security Council.Pakistan sought UN intervention to put pressure on India, Guterres did not offer to mediate. He also urged the two countries to sort out their differences in accordance with the provisions of the 1972 Simla Agreement.The Secretary-General had no plans to brief the Security Council  a practice followed when the situation in a particular instance is considered serious enough to warrant such a briefing.The Secretary-General has been following the situation in Jammu and Kashmir with concern and makes an appeal for maximum restraint," Dujarric said, adding that there had been contacts from the UN Secretariat both with the Indian and Pakistani authorities and with the Permanent Missions of India and Pakistan. The Secretary-General also recalls the 1972 agreement on bilateral relations between India and Pakistan, also known as the Simla Agreement, which states that the final status of Jammu and Kashmir is to be settled by peaceful means" in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, Dujarric said. Pakistan had announced it was downgrading diplomatic and trade ties with India, expelling Indian envoy Ajay Bisaria and deciding not to send its envoy-designate to New Delhi. Pakistan’s moves were aimed at presenting an alarming picture to the world of the state of bilateral ties.

    China condemns the rules unveiled by the U.S. that ban Huawei and other Chinese firms

    August 10, 2019
    China has condemned the rules unveiled by the U.S. that ban Huawei and other Chinese firms from government contracts. It also decried the U.S.'s abuse of state power in the latest move in the escalating China-U.S. trade war.  The interim rule which was passed recently by the US govt. This will stop all the US federal agency from purchasing telecom or technology equipment from the chinese firms. The rule is a part of a sweeping effort by Washington to restrict Huawei. The country also said that it is to support the relevant Chinese companies in taking up legal weapons to safeguard their legitimate rights and interests. The ban on Chinese tech firms comes after the dispute between the world's two great economic powers over international trade rules.

    US approves 12 multi mission Seahawk helicopters to South Korea

    August 10, 2019
    The US government has approved the sale of 12 multi-mission Seahawk helicopters to South Korea worth $800 million. The announcement was made after the US President Donald Trump announced that South Korea had agreed to pay more for US military presence in their country.  The  proposal will improve the Republic of Korea Navy’s capability to perform anti-surface and anti-submarine warfare missions. The sale will assist the Republic of Korea in developing and maintaining a strong and ready self-defense capability. Seahawk Helicopters: The helicopters are bolstered with an anti-surface and anti-submarine missions. This can  handle the secondary missions like replenishment, search and rescue and communications relay. Other sales: Along with $800 million proposal sale of helicopters, the country have also proposed sale including 13 APS-153(V) multi-mode radars, 25 T-700-GE-401C engines, 4 M-240D crew-served guns, 4 GAU-21 crew-served guns, 12 Airborne Low Frequency Sonar systems, 24 embedded GPS and inertial navigation systems with selective availability/anti-spoofing modules, and 1,000 AN / SSQ-36 / 53 / 62 sonobuoys, among other equipment. About US and South Korea: South Korea is one of the major political and economic powers in East Asia. The alliance: Since the 1950-53 Korean war, the US and South Korea have been in a security alliance with more than 28,000 US troops stationed in the South to guard against threats from North Korea.

    Iran unveiled three precision guided missiles

    August 10, 2019
    Iran unveiled three precision-guided missiles with an aim to defend itself in the face of US. The missiles are new line-up of air-to-air missiles, dubbed the "Yasin", "Balaban" and a new series of "Ghaem". The missiles were developed jointly by the Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces Logistics and Iran Electronics Industries. The launch of the missiles shows an another significant achievement of power and dignity for the Islamic Republic of Iran. About Guided Missiles: Yasin is a smart guided missile. It has beed designed with folding wings. It can be fired from a range of 50 kilometres of its target from manned or unmanned aircraft . Balaban missile was guided by GPS and sensors that  equipped with folding wings. This particular missile could be mounted under aircraft.  Ghaem missile is used for precision strikes. It could hit within 50 centimeters of a target. Ghaem missile is equipped with different visible, thermal and cylindrical seekers. Also, the missile can be installed on various drone, helicopters and fighter jets to annihilate their targets. It was a heat-seeking missile. Tension between Iran and US: The tensions between the countries arose for the first time the US withdrew from a 2015 nuclear deal between Iran and world powers. The tensions unveiled between Iran and the US is Strait of Hormuz that linking oil producing countries in the Middle East to markets in Asia, Europe and North America.  The US ships have been targeted and attacked, drones have been downed and oil tankers has been seized in the strategic waters since May 2019.

    Bangladesh signed an agreement with Russia for uranium supply

    August 7, 2019
    Bangladesh signed a nuclear fuel supply agreement with Russia for the uranium supply of the Rooppur Nuclear Power Plant (RNPP). The deal was signed between the Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission and Russian Nuclear Fuel Supply Company TVEL in Dhaka.  Signed by: BAEC Chairman Mahbubul Haque and the Russian firm’s commercial director and Fedor Sokolov signed the agreement in the presence of Science and Technology Minister Yeafesh Osman. The project was approved by the Cabinet Division's Economic Affairs Committee. The agreement says that the TVEL Joint Stock Company will supply fuel for the entire lifetime of the 2,400 MW RNPP project. About the Project: The project duration of RNP will be  believed to 50 years. The fuel will be supplied to the country’s maiden nuclear power plant at Rooppur under Ishwardi upazila in Pabna. The first unit of the RNPP is expected to come into operation by 2022 and the second unit will be established by 2024. The cost estimated by the Bangladesh government is $12.65 billion.

    Pakistan summons Indian High Commissioner over scrapping of Article 370

    August 6, 2019
    Pakistan foreign secretary Sohail Mehmood in India’n High Commissioner in Islamabad Ajay Bisaria to lodge a strong protest at India’s move to revoke Article 370 of the constitution and declare Jammu and Kashmir a union territory. Foreign Secretary conveyed Pakistan’s unequivocal rejection of these illegal actions as they are in breach of international law and several UN Security Council resolutions. Pakistan’s resolute condemnation of the unlawful actions aimed at further consolidating the illegal occupation of Indian Occupied Jammu and Kashmir (IOK) was underscored. The provisions of Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill was passed by the upper House of Parliament, Jammu and Kashmir will have a legislature while Ladakh .Both regions have been designated union territories. The Foreign Secretary reiterated that Pakistan will continue to extend political, diplomatic and moral support to the indigenous legitimate Kashmiri people’s struggle for the realization of their inalienable right to self-determination. What is Article 370? Article 370 was introduced in 1947 by Sheikh Abdullah the Prime Minister of Jammu & Kashmir Article 370 of the Indian constitution gives autonomous status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The article is drafted as Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions in Part XXI of the Constitution. The Indian Constitution still describes it as a temporary provision. Article 370 provided six special provisions for Jammu and Kashmir: 1) The State is allowed to have its own Constitution. 2) The Central legislative powers over the State were limited to the three subjects of defence, foreign affairs and communications. 3) Only with the concurrence of the State Government, other constitutional powers of Indian Government could be extended to the State. 4) The concurrence was only provisional. The State's Constituent Assembly should ratify the provision. 5) Until the State Constituent Assembly was formed, the State Government was given authority to give concurrence. Once the State Constituent Assembly finalised the scheme of powers and dispersed, no further extension of powers was possible. 6) Only if the State's Constituent Assembly approves the Article 370, it could be repealed or amended. Under Article 370, the Centre has no power to declare financial emergency under Article 360 in the state. It can declare an emergency in the state only in case of war or external aggression.

    North Korea confirms another test of rocket launcher system

    August 4, 2019
    North Korea tested another multiple rocket launcher system. The country could potentially enhance the country's ability to strike targets in South Korea and US military bases. The report by Pyongyang's official Korean Central News Agency after South Korea's military detected North Korea firing projectiles twice into the sea off its eastern coast in its third round of weapons tests in just over a week.  North Korea It is officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula with Pyongyang the capital and the largest city in the country. Capital: Pyongyang Currency: North Korean won Population: 2.55 crores 

    US officially withdraws from INF treaty

    August 3, 2019
    The US has officially withdrawn from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) treaty with Russia. The withdrawal has ended a Cold war-era missile treaty with Russia. This could start an arms race between the US and Russia, the world’s top two nuclear powers. Reason:  The US accused Russia of violating the INF treaty's agreement in recent years. The withdrawal announcement was made by the US President Donald Trump. Both the countries signed a deal to put  a way to improve relations toward the end of the Cold War. During the Obama administration in 2014, Russia was accused of violating the agreement by testing a cruise missile in direct violation of the accord. In turn, Russia also said that the US has violated the agreement too. The US has denied the accusation. Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF): INF treaty is a Nuclear disarmament type of agreement. It was signed on December 1987 in Washington D.C. The agreements was signed by the U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev, the Soviet General Secretary with an Unlimited duration.The agreement prohibits both the countries from fielding ground-launched cruise missiles that could fly between 310 and 3,400 miles. The treaty has been extremely successful in the destruction of a total of 2,692 missiles.

    Donald Trump irks India offers to mediate in Kashmir row

    August 3, 2019
    The USA in clear terms that any talks to resolve the Kashmir dispute held between India and Pakistan invited to third-party mediation.US President Donald Trump to issue a qualified offer to mediate between India and Pakistan to resolve the Kashmir dispute from his earlier position that Prime Minister Narendra Modi to mediate between the two countries. Jaishankar’s meeting with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo took place on the sidelines of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)Regional Forum, Eastasia Summit and other meetings in Bangkok. The two discussed our shared commitment to upholding the rule of law, freedom of navigation, and democratic values in the Indo-Pacific region. The secretary reaffirmed the positive trajectory of the US-India strategic partnership. India sought bilateral talks with Pakistan to sort out the Kashmir dispute, though Islamabad has been keen to seek outside intervention, calling on mediation by the UN, the US and others. Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan and US state department issued a clarification stating the Kashmir dispute was a “bilateral" issue between India and Pakistan. Later that week, Indian foreign ministry spokesman Raveesh Kumar said New Delhi wanted to “move on" from the controversy. Former Indian ambassador to the US Arun Singh view that Trump’s remarks on Kashmir were clearly a transactional ploy to get “more cooperation from Pakistan in the context of the Taliban in Afghanistan and US looking to Pakistan for help to conclude a peace deal in Afghanistan that would allow American troops to exit the war-torn country after 18 years.

    Nagar kirtan from Pakistan reaches India for the first time since Partition

    August 3, 2019
    Partition, a nagar kirtan (Sikh religious procession) carried out as part of the 550th birth anniversary celebrations of Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism reached India via the Attari-Wagah border from Nankana Sahib in Pakistan  The procession crossed the zero line to enter the Indian side around 3.30pm with the holy Saroop of Guru Granth Sahib carried by Golden Temple head granthi Giani Jagtar Singh on his head. Golden Temple received the holy saroop on the zero line for continuing the procession will visit 17 Indian states before culminating at Sultanpur Lodhi, the historic town in Kapurthala district where Guru Nanak spent his 14 years. A red carpet was rolled out on the way of the Nagar kirtan and petals were showered.A newly released Shabad ‘Kal Taran Gur Nanak Aya’  It is sung by Bollywood playback singer Sukhwinder Singh being played in the spectators’ gallery.The occasion was Punjab cabinet ministers, Akali Dal leaders and office-bearers of the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (SGPC) organised the nagar kirtan.Guru Nanak from Nankana Sahib, Sindh, Peshawar, Lahore and other parts of Pakistan became part of the procession. Ministers OP Soni and Charanjit Singh Channi were accompanied by Amritsar MP Gurjit Singh Aujla and Congress MLAs Sunil Dutti, Santokh Singh Bhalaipur, Sukhwinder Singh Danny and Tarsem Singh DC. SAD chief Sukhbir Singh Badal and Union minister of food processing industries Harsimrat Kaur Badal were among those who presented ‘rumala’ to the holy Saroop. They were accompanied by party leaders Bikram Singh Majithia, Tota Singh, Jagir Kaur, Virsa Singh Valtoha and Nirmal Singh Kahlon. Heads of the Sikh seminaries such as Damdami Taksal were also present. SGPC The SGPC is organizing the Nagar kirtan that came from Nankana Sahib finalized the first phase of its route.  The schedule, the Nagar kirtan leave for Dera Baba Nanak, where the corridor to Kartarpur Sahib (Pakistan) is being constructed via Majitha and Fatehgarh Churian.

    US to impose an additional 10 percent tariff on Chinese imports

    August 3, 2019
    President Donald Trump has announced that the US will impose an additional 10% tariff on USD300 billion in Chinese imports from 1 September.  Us's accusation: US accused China for not coming to the consensus about the trade deal. It also said that it failed to buy more American agricultural products as it promised. About trade war: The trade war between the two world's two largest economies, the US and China, has damaged the energy demand outlook greatly. The prolonged trade war has now started to affect the oil demand. US manufacturing activity has been slowed to a near 3 year low in the month of July.  The Oil drop has affected the US. market greatly and the inventories fell by 1.5 million barrels between traders. The total oil demand of the US in May fell 98,000 barrels per day (bpd) to 20.26 million bpd. US status: The Brent crude fell $3.85 or 5.9% to $61.20 a barrel. US West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude fell to $4.09, or 7%, at $54.49.  US output remained near a record above 12 million bpd. This makes the country the biggest producer in the world. Texas output rose by 16,000 bpd to 4.97 million bpd in May making it the largest producing state in US.  OPEC's efforts:  Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and partners including Russia has been taking efforts in 2019 to support the market.

    Netherland banned face covering clothing including Burqa

    August 2, 2019
    Netherland has banned face-covering clothing including burqa and niqab which are worn by conservative Muslim women on public transport, in government buildings and at health and education institutions. Netherland is the latest European country to introduce such a ban , following the likes of France, Germany, Belgium, Austria and Denmark. The affected sectors such as transport and health stated that they will not be able to take the responsibility of the law’s enforcement. The Netherlands has imposed a fine of 150 euros for breaking the law.

    Nigeria becomes fourth African nation to join global coalition to protect pollinators

    August 2, 2019
    Morocco became a member of this group. Ethiopia is the first African nation to be part of this global coalition in 2017.  Burundi is the second African country to join this global group. The non-African nations such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Dominican Republic, Ireland, and Mexico had joined the global group last year,  Nigeria - Market The coalition has 28 signatories including 17 European countries. The five from Latin America and the Caribbean and four from Africa. The organization was formed three years ago to follow up on the findings of IPBES Assessment on Pollinators, Pollination and Food Production. Nigeria will also focus on research to conserve pollinators and share its experiences on the same.  The annual market value of the five to eight percent of production that is directly linked with pollination services is estimated at $235 billion-$577 billion worldwide. Pollinator-Dependent crops have higher prices than non- pollinator-dependent crops. Nigeria’s exports of food crops depend significantly on pollinators. At least nine crops depend on pollination service. The availability of pollinators and their pollination services not only affects crop production in terms of their quantity. There is a well-documented decline in some species of wild pollinators data on the status of most wild species is lacking.  There are no global red list assessments conducted specifically for insect pollinators. There is a lack of long-term population data or benchmark data to compare the present status of wild pollinator populations makes it difficult to show any trend. According to the Nigeria becomes fourth African nation to join global coalition to protect pollinators managed by the United Nations Development Programme, the IPBES assessment on pollinators, pollination, and food production drew most of its conclusions from the majority of studies based in Europe and North America. This signifies important gaps in data in other regions of the world including Africa.    There is a lack of wild pollinator data (species identity, distribution, and abundance) for Latin America, Africa, Asia and Oceania. The protecting pollinators will be important for addressing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) too. The goals relevant to pollinators are SDG 2 (zero hunger), SDG 15 (life on land), SDG 3 (good health and well-being) through access to sufficient nutritious food (highly dependent on pollinators) and SDG 8 (decent work and economic growth) too as 1.4 billion people work in agriculture. The 2030 agenda for sustainable development, a lack of data on pollinators is a challenge that needs to be addressed by Nigeria along with other African nations and the world. 

    Indian tourists exempted from visa fees by Sri Lankan govt

    August 2, 2019
    India is among 48 countries whose citizens have been exempted from visa fees for tourism purposes It is done by the Sri Lankan government. The decision was announced during a media conference in Colombo. The tourism minister John Amaratunga said visa fees ranged from 20 to 40 US dollars, will not be charged for grant of one month visa for tourism.  The tourists can apply for electronic travel authorisations online or apply for visa The measure will be implemented for six months initially and a decision will be taken later for extension depending upon its impact on revenue.  Prime Minister Ranil Wickremsinghe they expect revenues from enhanced tourism arrivals to offset the loss. The security situation in the country returned back to normal after Easter attacks and all the suspects have been taken into arrest. Sri Lankan tourism impacted after the attacks but the tourism authorities have claimed that there is a revival since last month. Indian tourists constitute the maximum number with around one-fourth of total tourist arrivals.  Sri Lanka’s third-largest and fastest-growing source of foreign currency last year, accounting for almost 5 percent of the gross domestic product in 2018.

    Pakistan opens 1000-year-old Shawala Teja Singh temple in Punjab for worship after 72 years

    July 31, 2019
    Pakistan opened a 1,000-year-old Hindu temple in eastern city Sialkot for "worship" for the first time since partition on the demand of the local Hindu community.The Shawala Teja Singh temple, located in the city's congested Dharowal locality, some 100-km from Lahore, is more than 1,000 years old.The evacuees Trust Property Board looks after the holy places of minorities in Pakistan has opened Shawala Teja Singh temple after the partition on the demand of the local Hindu community.There was no Hindu population earlier residing in the city, the temple was closed for worship.The temple was partially damaged during attacks on temples here in reaction to Babri Mosque in 1992.The temple has been opened for worship for the first time since partition. Some 2,000 Hindus are residing in this locality and they are so happy to visit their centuries-old worship place. Hindus from other parts of the country are also expected to visit this temple. Local Hindu leaders Rattan Lal and Rumaish Kumar have welcomed the government's step to restore the temple and open it for the minority community. Hindus form the biggest minority community in Pakistan. According to official estimates, 75 lakh Hindus live in Pakistan. Around 90 lakh Hindus are living in the country. Majority of Pakistan's Hindu population is settled in Sindh province where they share culture, traditions, and language with their Muslim fellows.

    India and China review progress made in effective implementation of various CBMs

    July 30, 2019
    India and China reviewed progress made in the implementation of various confidence building to maintain peace and tranquility along their common borders in the run-up to a summit of the leaders of the two countries. The review was done at the 14th meeting of the Working Mechanism for Consultation and Coordination (WMCC) on India-China Border Affairs in Beijing. The Indian delegation was led by Naveen Srivastava, Joint Secretary (East Asia), Ministry of External Affairs, and the Chinese side was led by Hong Liang, Director General, Department of Boundary and Oceanic Affairs, Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the statement issued by the Indian embassy in Beijing. The two sides also reviewed the progress made ineffective implementation of various confidence-building measures (CBMs) to further enhance mutual trust and understanding.  The WMCC was established in 2012 as an institutional mechanism for consultation and coordination for the management of India - China border areas, as well as to exchange views on strengthening communication and cooperation, including between the border security personnel of the two sides. The two countries have held many rounds of talks including 21 at the level of special representatives nominated by the leaders of the two countries without results. Indian and Chinese troops engaged in a 73-day long face-off seen as their most serious in years. The leaders of the two countries met in Wuhan in April 2018 and gave “strategic guidance" to their armed forces. China China is officially called the People's Republic of China . It is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country with a population of around 1.404 billion. It is covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers, it is the fourth largest country by total area.

    North Korea successfully test fired two short range ballistic missiles

    July 27, 2019
    North Korea successfully test-fired two short-range missiles from its eastern coastal city of Wonsan on 25 July. The missiles flew about 430 km and reached an altitude of 50 km. The ballistic missile is a short-range, of about 1,000 kilometres or less. It will be used only in the short distances between some countries and the missiles are low cost. North Korea tested its last weapons in 9 May which included short-range missiles and also smaller rockets.    Doubts: The firing of ballistic missiles have created new doubts on efforts to restart denuclearisation talks after Trump and Kim met at the demilitarised zone (DMZ) at the end of June.

    Maldives extends warmest congratulatory wishes to India on Chandrayaan 2 launch

    July 27, 2019
    Maldives extended support to India for its successful launch of Chandrayaan 2.  India’s mission to the moon received widespread applause and adding to this list is the Maldives.  The Maldivian government extended warmest congratulations to the Government and the people of India on the successful launch of Chandrayaan 2. The launch is the pioneering scientists behind the launch at the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). Foreign Ministry India’s endeavors into space will build new momentum for further exploration of space and promote interest among our youth. Some countries like the USA, France, Germany, and Russia congratulated India for this great success. ISRO’s Chandrayaan-2 to explore the uncharted Lunar south pole by landing a rover. It is the most powerful rocket GSLV-Mk0III-M1 from Sriharikota.

    China vows to take military measures to defeat separatists around Taiwan issue

    July 27, 2019
    China in its white paper released renounce the use of force in efforts to reunify Taiwan with the mainland and vowed to take all necessary military measures to defeat separatists. China listed among its top priorities resolve to contain Taiwan independence and separatist forces in Tibet and the far west region of Xinjiang. Taiwan has its own constitution, army and an elected government  The United Nations does not formally recognise the reason of China's consideration regarding Taiwan provinces.  Taiwan's first female president Tsai Ing-wen provoked an angry response on China US leader talked directly to a Taiwan President in almost four decades. Taiwan's 23.5 million people have built their economy into a technology and manufacturing powerhouse.  The average income is three times that of China. Taiwan has its own constitution, democratically elected leaders and about 300,000 active troops in its armed forces. Taiwan most of the characteristics of an independent state.

    Priti Patel has been appointed as the Britains first Indian origin home secretary

    July 26, 2019
    Priti Patel has been appointed as the Britain's first Indian-origin home secretary which is a part of Prime Minister Boris Johnson's top team on 25 July. She will replace Pakistani-origin Sajid Javid. He has been transferred to the Treasury department as the first ethnic minority Chancellor of the Exchequer. About Priti Patel: Patel was a prominent member from the Conservative Party leadership. She was a member of the Back Boris campaign. Since 24 July 2019, she has been Secretary of State for the Home Department. Also, a Member of Parliament for Witham in Essex since 2010. She was previously International Development Secretary from 2016 to 2017.  Patel has also served as a junior Treasury minister. She has released a report on the British economy arguing for lower taxes and for a new Bank of England mandate more focused on asset price inflation and financial imbalances.

    Mark Esper sworn in as the US secretary of defense

    July 25, 2019
    Mark Esper sworn in as the US secretary of defense after receiving Senate confirmation on July 23. He was an army veteran and former defense industry lobbyist. Esper was selected by a vote of 90-8. His appointment comes after a seven-month vacancy. He joined  in the post at the White House by the supreme court justice Samuel Alito in a ceremony attended by Donald Trump. Esper has a wide range of experience in defense matters,  as a congressional staff member. In the 1990-91 Gulf war, he served in the 101st airborne division and participated. He then served as the deputy assistant secretary of defense. Esper worked in Raytheon for several years before becoming army secretary. Note: United States Department of Defense is the world's largest employer by number of employees, that is 2.86 million.

    Plastic-like Jute material developed in Bangladesh

    July 25, 2019
    Scientists in Bangladesh developed a method to convert Jute fibre into low cost biodegradable cellulose sheets named Sonali  It is used to wrap material along with a carry bag.  Mubarak Ahmad Khan Bangladesh Jute Mills Corporation (BJMC) developed the new 'sonali'  It denotes the physical qualities of the invented jute fibre and plastic are quite similar. The Eco-friendly jute poly bags made up of Sonali can be used in garments and food packaging work. The commercial production of these bags is likely to start by the year end. Government of Bangladesh approved 9 lakh dollars in April to help in large-scale production of these bags. The main challenge in the large scale adoption of Sonali sheet is the relatively high cost of production which is almost double that of polythene.  Bangladesh Capital: Dhaka Prime minister: Sheikh Hasina

    Motihari-Amlekhgunj Oil Pipeline ready for commercial operation

    July 24, 2019
    The landmark Motihari-Amlekhgunj petroleum products pipeline between India and Nepal has been completed and ready for commercial operation. Indian Oil Corporation and Nepal Oil Corporation successfully completed testing transfer of the pipeline.AIR correspondent reports that Motihari-Amlekhgunj is the first transnational petroleum pipeline form India. About Oil Pipeline  It is a 69 kilometer-long pipeline that will run from Motihari in Bihar to Amelkhgunj in Nepal.  It has been constructed by India in just 15 months, which is half of its 30 months deadline.   AT FIRST:  The prestigious project is the 1st oil pipeline in Nepal, 1st transnational petroleum pipeline from India as well as the 1st South Asian oil pipeline corridor.   IMPORTANCE:  Since 1974, Nepal has been importing its entire major petroleum products including petrol, diesel, aviation turbine fuel (ATF) and Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) from India.The annual export worth of these products is more than Rs.8500 crore thus this new oil pipeline will be a game-changer for Nepal as it will ensure smooth, cost-effective and eco-friendly supply of petroleum products to Nepal.It will help in tackling oil storage problem in Nepal and doing away with the transportation of petroleum products via tankers.

    Foundation stone of Baba Guru Nanak International University has been laid in Nankana Sahib in Pakistan's Punjab province

    July 17, 2019
    The foundation stone of Baba Guru Nanak International University has been laid in Nankana Sahib in Pakistan's Punjab province  by Chief Minister of Punjab Usman Buzdar. It is the birth place of founder of Sikhism Baba Guru Nanak Dev. The cost estimated for the Varsity is over Rs. 258 crores spread over 10 acres  ahead of beginning of International Nagar Kirtan by Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee on July 25. This university would help promote religious tourism in Pakistan and also portray country’s good image at international level. A motel of Tourism Development Corporation of Punjab (TDCP) has also been installed to promote religious tourism.  Reason for the University: Sikhs living in Pakistan demanded university of their religion Baba Guru Nanak at his birthplace in Nankana Sahib. The construction proposal of building university was 1st surfaced in 2003 during Punjab government of Pervaiz Elahi.

    The UKs new 50 pound note features codebreaker Alan Turing

    July 17, 2019
    Alan Turing, a crack code-breaker and visionary mathematician and set the foundations for artificial intelligence(AI) features on Britain's New £50 banknote.  The new note will move to circulation by the end of 2021. The Bank of England issued new faces on Britain’s banknotes. A  thin, polymer paper flexible plastic film that is seen as more durable and secure. In 2016, the polymer £5 notes were put into circulation with Winston Churchill  In 2017, £10 note with Jane Austen.  Artist JMW Turner feature on the £20 note in 2020. The design on the reverse of the banknote features as:  A table and mathematical formulae from Turing’s 1936 paper  A trial model of Turing’s Automatic Computing Engine machine. Alan Turing He was born in 1912 famous for creating code-breaking machines. He is known as the father of computer science and artificial intelligence,  His career cut short by his conviction for “gross indecency”  He did not go to prison but in 1954 he was chemically castrated  He died of cyanide poisoning in an apparent suicide aged 41. He received a posthumous pardon from Queen Elizabeth II in 2013 & in 2017. “Alan Turing Law” convicted under historical legislation outlawed homosexual acts in Britain. Queen Elizabeth II features on the front of Britain’s banknotes.

    US bans Myanmar army chief over Rohingya 'ethnic cleansing'

    July 17, 2019
    The USA banned visits by Myanmar's Army Chief and three other top officers due to their role in the "ethnic cleansing" of the Rohingya minority.  The against Army Chief Min Aung Hlaing and the others after finding credible evidence they were involved in the violence two years ago that led about 740,000 Rohingya to flee across the border to Bangladesh. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo US is the first government to publicly take action with respect to the most senior leadership of the Burmese military.  Deputy Commander-in-Chief Soe Win, Brigadier-General Than Oo, and Brigadier General Aung Aung as well as the families of all four officers. Buddhist-majority Myanmar refuses to grant citizenship or basic rights to the mostly Muslim Rohingyas. About USA Capital: Washington, D.C President: Donald Trump  Vice President: Mike Pence 

    International Court of Arbitration has imposed a penalty of over $5 billion on Pakistan

    July 17, 2019
    International Court of Arbitration has imposed a penalty of over $5 billion on Pakistan as it unlawfully denied a mining lease to a company called Tethyan Copper Company for Reko Diq project in 2011. This penalty is one of the biggest in the history of cash-strapped Pakistan. Tethyan and Pakistan issue: In 2012, Tethyan Copper Company (TCC) filed claims for international arbitration to the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) of World Bank after the Pakistan government rejected a leasing request from company in 2011. TTC, a joint venture between Chilean mining company Antofagasta and Canada’s Barrick Gold Corporation, claimed $11.43 billion in damages caused by the Pakistan government. The case between Pakistan government and company continued for 7 years. Earlier in August 2010, TCC established basis for mine development at Reko Diq. It submitted  a mining lease application in February 2011 which was rejected by the Pakistan government in November and the project was stopped. Reko Diq mine: Reko Diq mine, which is famous for its vast gold and copper reserves, is located near Reko Diq town in Chagai District, Pakistan. It is the world’s 5th largest gold deposit. International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID): ICSID was established in 1966. It is headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States. ICSID arbitrates for legal dispute resolution and conciliation between international investors. International Court of Arbitration: The International Arbitration Court is an institute that arbitrates international commercial disputes. It is a part of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). ICC headquarters is in Paris, France. The court consists of  more than 100 members from about 90 countries. 

    India, Italy to set up fast-track mechanism to facilitate investment

    July 17, 2019
    A fast-track system made by the companies and investors of India. Italy decides to make investment proposals in both countries. The main aim is to facilitate Italian companies and investors in India. Indian companies and investors in Italy decided to establish a fast-track system for companies and investors of both countries. The key objectives of the system in India to pave the way to identify and solve problems faced by Italian companies and investors with their operations in India.  They serve as a platform for discussing general suggestions from the point of view of Italian companies and investors.  The Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), under the ministry, will represent the Indian side in this system.  The department will facilitate the participation of other relevant ministries and authorities on a case by case basis.  The Italian Embassy in India in close cooperation with the Italian Trade Agency and relevant Ministries in Italy will represent the Italian side of this system in India. About Italian Trade Agency Italian Trade Agency is responsible agency to pursue and monitor individual cases.  They will be constantly reviewed by Ministry of Economic Development, Italy. The Indian Embassy in Italy in close cooperation with DPIIT and the relevant Ministries in India will represent the Indian side of this system in Italy. A continuous updated list of relevant concerns of Indian companies and investors in Italy will be prepared by the Indian Embassy and form the basis of the fast – track system in Italy. The fast-track system will be reviewed twice a year at the level of Director General for Internationalization and Trade Promotion, Ministry of Economic Development, Italy and Indian Ambassador in Italy.  The Indian Embassy and Ministry of Economic Development, Italy will meet on the working level at shorter intervals as and when required to review the progress achieved.

    International Drug Dealers behind Easter Sunday attacks: Sri Lankan Prime Minister

    July 16, 2019
    Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena asserted that international drug dealers were behind the Easter Sunday attack. Mr Sirisena said drug barons carried out the attack to discredit him and discourage his anti-narcotics drive. The illegal drug trafficking is the simplest and easiest way to destroy a country. President taken a tough stand against drug traffickers and ordered death penalty be implemented for four accusedstayed by court amidst opposition by some political parties and international organizations. The Easter Sunday attacks carried out by local fundamentalist groups though ISIS. Around 260 people, including 45 foreigners, were killed in coordinated attacks on churches and hotels across the country.  About Sri Lanka Capitals: Colombo, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte Currency: Sri Lankan rupee Prime minister: Ranil Wickremesinghe

    US-India bilateral trade could reach USD 238 billion by 2025

    July 14, 2019
    US India Strategic and Partnership Forum decided the bilateral trade between the two countries could reach 238 billion Dollars by 2025 From the current 143 billion Dollars given the present dynamics of the commercial engagement.  The growth will occur if trade grows by 7.5 per cent each year been the trend for the last seven years.  The USISPF's "US India Bilateral Trade Report" estimates the bilateral trade could range between USD 283 billion to USD 327 billion. At an annual average growth rate of 10 per cent-12.5 per cent (as witnessed in 2017 and 2018).  The policy gaps in the trade dynamics of the two countries have led to several contentious issues. The total bilateral trade of goods and services increased 5.6 per cent on an average annual basis for the period 2012-2016 The double-digit growth rates of 2017 and 2018 pushed up the annual average growth rate (AAGR) to 7.4 per cent between 2012 and 2018.  The US-India trade balance grown 3.8 per cent on an average in favour of India. About US India Strategic and Partnership Forum The U.S.-India Strategic Partnership Forum (USISPF) is committed to creating the most powerful strategic partnership between the U.S. and India.  It is about business and government coming together in new ways The main aim is to create meaningful opportunities that have the power to change the lives of citizens. 

    India Holds First Ever Artificial Limb Fitment Camp in Tanzania

    July 14, 2019
    The doctrine of Humanity, India offering to the world since long ago through ‘actions’. The six-week-long Artificial Limb Fitment Camp in Tanzania which benefited over 500 differently abled Tanzanians. The camp was jointly organized by the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India and Jaipur Foot and held at Muhimbilli Orthopedic Institute, Dar es Salaam. The camp provided free of cost artificial limbs to over 500 differently abled Tanzanians by a 7-member technical team from Bhagvan Mahaveer Viklang Sahayata Samiti (BMVSS), Jaipur. About BMVSS BMVSS is the world’s largest organization of India which provides assistance including artificial limbs, calipers and other aids and appliances totally free of charge. The organization has until now rehabilitated over 1.78 million disabled. It provides aids mostly in India and 27 countries across the world. It holds on the spot limb/caliper fitment camps in different districts and remote areas of India. The camp held in Tanzania was the first ever camp in the country. The camp was attended by Tanzania’s Minister of Health Ummy Mwalimu as well as Indian High Commissioner.  

    USA to vote on bill to remove country-cap on Green Card

    July 14, 2019
    American lawmakers will decide today on lifting the country-cap on issuing Green Cards through voting in Congress. The move may benefit thousands of highly-skilled Indian IT professionals. Most Indian IT professionals are highly skilled and go to the US mainly on the H-1B work visas. They are the worst sufferers of the current immigration system imposes a seven percent per country quota on allotment of permanent legal residency. According to the Congressional Research Service (CRS) this bill increases the per-country cap on family-based immigrant visas from seven percent of the total number of such visas available The percent. reached to 15. It also eliminates the seven percent cap for employment-based immigrant visas and removes an offset that reduced the number of visas for individuals from China. The bill has to be passed by the Senate before it can be signed into law by the US president. Some critics claim that it will incentivize more low wage Indian graduates to take US jobs from middle-class American graduates.  About the USA  Captial: Washington  President: Donald Trump Vice President: Mike Pence

    China to impose sanctions on U.S. companies that are involved in a potential arms sale worth $2.2 billion to Taiwan

    July 14, 2019
    China has announced that it is to impose sanctions on U.S. companies that are involved in a potential arms sale worth $2.2 billion to Taiwan. China cited the reason as to safeguard national interests. The U.S. arms sale to Taiwan has severely violated the basic norms of international law and international relations.  The planned weapons sale between US And Taiwan comes amidst the trade war between US and China. China views Taiwan as part of its territory and has vowed to one day seize it, by force if necessary. China's demand to US: The Chinese Foreign Ministry had already lodged formal complaints expressing strong dissatisfaction and resolute opposition at the potential weapons sale. The weapon sale includes battle tanks and anti-aircraft missiles. China on demanded that the U.S. immediately cancel the sale.mBut, US shrugged off China’s complaints. The US said that the equipment would contribute to peace and stability in Asia.  

    India and Russia held talks and explored the possibilities for production of space systems in India

    July 14, 2019
    India and Russia held talks and explored the possibilities for production of space systems in India. The discussion was held between Ajit Doval, National Security Adviser and the Director General of Russia’s space agency ROSCOSMOS and former Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin during his visit. The discussions focused on all aspects of India-Russia space cooperation. The discussion also included Cooperation in futuristic technologies, including new space systems, rocket engines, propellants and propulsion systems, spacecraft and launch vehicle technology were also discussed. Strategic approach Both the countries have decided to take a strategic approach to elevate bilateral cooperation to the next level. The countries will keep in mind the privileged partnership and India’s priorities such as Make in India programme. Gaganyaan mission: As India is in a hurry to finalise the details of the Gaganyaan Mission there has been an increase in exchanges between the two space agencies.The mission will carry Indian astronaut to space in 2022, the country’s 75th anniversary of Independence. Russia has vowed all its assistance to India’s human space flight mission Gaganyaan. Russia said that the country would like to see India participate in the International Space Station (ISS) and have rendered its full support.

    Film Divisions to launch documentary film club in Mumbai

    July 13, 2019
    Film Divisions launch KSHITIJ, a documentary film club in Mumbai.  An acclaimed documentary film “Secret Life of Frogs” by Ajay and Vijay Bedi screened as the inaugural film.  The Public screenings will begin at 5:30 PM on the second and fourth Friday of every month.  The screenings will be held at Films Division Complex.  The initiative being launched in association with Indian Documentary Producers Association They will give movie lovers, an opportunity to watch acclaimed documentary films and also to interact with the film’s director.

    India Holds First Ever Artificial Limb Fitment Camp in Tanzania

    July 12, 2019
    The doctrine of Humanity, India offering to the world since long ago through ‘actions’. The six-week-long Artificial Limb Fitment Camp in Tanzania which benefited over 500 differently abled Tanzanians. The camp was jointly organized by the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India and Jaipur Foot and held at Muhimbilli Orthopedic Institute, Dar es Salaam. The camp provided free of cost artificial limbs to over 500 differently abled Tanzanians by a 7-member technical team from Bhagvan Mahaveer Viklang Sahayata Samiti (BMVSS), Jaipur. About BMVSS BMVSS is the world’s largest organization of India which provides assistance including artificial limbs, calipers and other aids and appliances totally free of charge. The organization has until now rehabilitated over 1.78 million disabled. It provides aids mostly in India and 27 countries across the world. It holds on the spot limb/caliper fitment camps in different districts and remote areas of India. The camp held in Tanzania was the first ever camp in the country. The camp was attended by Tanzania’s Minister of Health Ummy Mwalimu as well as Indian High Commissioner.

    France will impose green tax on plane tickets from 2020

    July 12, 2019
    French government is to impose a tax of up to €18 on plane tickets for all flights from airports in France to fund less-polluting transportation projects,  The move which will take effect from 2020 A tax of €1.5 imposed on economy-class tickets on internal flights within Europe. The highest tariff applied to business-class travellers flying outside the bloc. A tax of €1.5 imposed on economy-class tickets on internal flights within Europe. The highest tariff applied to business-class travellers flying outside the bloc,  The new measure is expected to bring in €182 million a year which will be invested in greener transport infrastructures A similar tax was introduced in Sweden in April 2018, which imposed an added charge of up to €40 on every ticket in a bid to lessen the impact of air travel on the climate. About France Capital: Paris Prime minister: Edouard Philippe Trending President: Emmanuel Macron  

    Airtel Africa has been listed as the third-largest stock on the bourse by market value

    July 12, 2019
    Airtel Africa has been listed as the third-largest stock on the bourse by market value. On 9 June, Nigerian Stock Exchange reported that the Airtel Africa has a 1.36 trillion naira ($4.4 bn) flotation. Airtel Africa operates across 14 African countries. The listing comes after Airtel's main rival, South Africa’s MTN, listed its Nigerian unit in Lagos in May in a $6.5 billion float.  South Africa’s MTN is in the second-largest stock on the bourse by market value.  The shares of Airtel Africa climbed 10% from their listing price of 363 naira after the float went live. The company, owned 68.3% by India’s Bharti Airtel, offered shares in its African unit via a London IPO and dual list in Nigeria. Airtel: Bharti Airtel Limited is an Indian based global telecommunications services company. It is headquartered in New Delhi, India. It operates in 18 countries across South Asia and Africa, and also in the Channel Islands. The CEO of the company is Gopal Vital.

    Government banned Pro-Khalistani group Sikhs for Justice for alleged anti-national activities

    July 12, 2019
    Union cabinet banned the US Based  Pro-Khalistani group Sikhs for Justice for alleged anti-national activities. It propelled the Sikh Referendum 2020 as part of its separatist agenda. SFJ openly supported the cause of Khalistan, a Sikh separatist movement.  It challenged the sovereignty and territorial integrity of India. The Ten cases have been lodged with Punjab Police with National Investigation Agency (NIA). Punjab Chief Minister Capt. Amarinder Singh described it as the first step towards protecting the nation. The association should be declared a terror organisation. The men were handcuffed and taken away after their political protest during the World Cup semi-final match.  Avtar Singh Pannun was seen wearing a similar during the India-England match earlier. The outfit become stronger with the core team comprising less than a dozen members a strong social media presence with 2 lakh followers.  They have been registered against the extremist group. About Sikh Referendum 2020: It is a campaign to liberate Punjab, currently occupied by India. The fringe organization was founded in 2007.  It is known to push for the Sikh Referendum 2020  SFJ was formed with Avtar Singh Pannun as its president  Gurpatwant Singh Pannun as its legal advisor.  

    BCC inks MoU with BRICS Chamber to promote trade

    July 11, 2019
    The Bharat Chamber of Commerce (BCC) has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with BRICS of Commerce and Industry for promoting trade and investments between BRICS countries and eastern part of India, in particular. CHAMBER OF COMMERCE BCC was initially established in 1900 as the “Marwari Chamber of Commerce” at Calcutta. Following Indian Independence, in 1949 Chamber re-christened itself as Bharat Chamber Commerce.               BRICS CHAMBER OF COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY: BRICS CCI is a parent organization which promotes commerce and industry in BRICS nations. It was founded in 2012 with efforts of eminent professionals And entrepreneur. It is a not-for-profit and non-governmental organization (NGO).  Objective: to create an enabling support system especially for MSMEsegment of businesses and young entrepreneurs from across all geographies.    HIGHLIGHTS:  It was signed by Sitaram Sharma, BCC president and B B L Madhukar, BRICS Chamber of Commerce and Industry Director General.  It will enable both the signatories BCC and BRICS chamber to share trade related information and exchange trade delegations among 5 members of group namely Brazil, Russia.India, China and South Africa.  BCC is looking forward to work closely with BRICS Chamber of Commerce to foster trade, industrial and technological cooperation between West Bengal and BRICS countries.   WORKING OF COMMERCE:  Expanding economic and commercial activity via enhancement of efficiency and competition at all levels.  Economic empowerment of society in rural areas via guidance on the application of appropriate technology and evolving marketing strategies Promoting Bilateral Trade using Business Delegation as the engine.

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