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Current Affairs 2021

Last updated : January 23, 2021

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हिंदी करंट अफेयर

Latest Current Affairs

  • Large-Scale Digital Migration of Users to Messaging Platform Signal

    20 hours ago

    Facebook-owned WhatsApp recently updated its privacy policy, which resulted in a massive digital migration of users from the messaging platform to its competitors (such as Signal app).

    ♦ The Signal is a cross-platform centralized encrypted messaging services. It is developed by the Signal Technology Foundation and Signal Messenger LLC. 
    ♦ The non-profit Signal Foundation was established in 2018 with an initial investment of US$50 million by Brian Acton.
    ♦ It uses the Internet to send one-to-one messages and group messages, which can include files, voice notes, images and videos.
    ♦ It can also be used for one-to-one calls and grouped voice and video calls.
    ♦ Signal uses a standard cellular phone number as an identifier and protects all communications with other Signal users through end-to-end encryption.

  • Top Current Affairs of the day: 23 January 2021

    1 day ago
    Top Current Affairs of the day: 23 January 2021. Instantly obtain Latest Current Affairs with all essential info, Be the first to know all the Today Current affairs 13 June 2020 top news, Major Issues, Current News, Important events in National Current News as well as International level with clear explanation. For all competitive exams and Interviews, equip yourself with the Latest Current Affairs 23 January 2021 granted here.
  • Top Current Affairs Quiz Questions: 23 January 2021

    1 day ago
    23 January 2021: Current Affairs quiz Questions & Answers to enhance your General Awareness. Practice with our esteemed Current Affairs quiz June 13, 2020 questions which covers all important events across India as well as World. Make use of all important Current Affairs quiz June 13, 2020 questions with answers updated here, at free of cost to succeed in all competitive Exams and Interviews.
  • Construction of Village In Arunachal Pradesh By China

    20 hours ago

    China stated that the villages built across the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in Arunachal Pradesh are “beyond reproach” because it has “never recognized” Arunachal. The Ministry of External Affairs of India also stated that it has understood the construction process.

    ♦ The village was built between November 2019 and November 2020.
    ♦ It is located a few kilometers across the LAC, outside the border that India considers to separate Arunachal Pradesh and Tibet, on the banks of the Tsari Chu River in the Upper Subansiri District of Arunachal Pradesh.
    ♦ The site of the village is close to the location where China attacked the Assam rifles post in the so-called Longju incident in 1959. It is at least 2 kilometers south of the McMahon Line and China does not recognize it.
    ♦ After the 1962 war, India stopped patrolling that area. Another village built last year, called Pangda, was built in another disputed area within 2-3 kilometers of Bhutan’s territory.

    Category: International
  • Janshatabdi Express From Ahmedabad - Kevadia Dispatches Vistadome Coach

    20 hours ago

    The Prime Minister of India recently flagged off eight trains from different parts of the country to Kevadia in Narmada district, Gujarat.  Among the eight trains, Janshatabdi Express from Ahmedabad-Kevadia has a Vistadome coach.

    ♦ Vistadome Coach is the most advanced coach manufactured by the Indian Railway, designed to provide passengers with travel comfort and an enhanced viewing experience of the surrounding environment.
    ♦ The Vistadome coach in Janshatabdi Express is manufactured at the Integral Coach factory in Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
    ♦ The Vistadome coach was made for the first time on the Linke Hofmann Busch (LHB) platform, made for passenger coaches for trains in India 
    ♦ Some of the features of the Vistadome coach is a viewing lounge with large windows, where passengers can enjoy the scenic route to Kevadia.
    ♦ 44 rotatable seats that can be tilted 180 degrees ensure that people can enjoy the scenery from the left and right windows, the two boarding gates of the coach have automatic sliding doors, the glass roof allows panoramic views, and five large windows on each side.

    Category: Indian Affairs
  • POWERGRID and HPSEBL Signed the OPGW Telecom Network Agreement

    20 hours ago

    The telecommunications connectivity in hilly areas is improved by signing the agreement between the Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (POWERGRID) and the Himachal Pradesh State Electricity Board Limited (HPSEBL) to utilize 500 kilometers of OPGW telecommunications network in Shimla (HP).

    ♦ Through the OPGW network, telecommunications service providers will be able to provide uninterrupted mobile/Internet services to the people of the state.
    ♦ The optical ground wire is also called OPGW, or in IEEE standards, it is called optical fibre composite overhead ground wire. It is a type of cable used in overhead power lines. This cable combines grounding and communication functions.
    ♦ OPGW is an optical fibre composite ground wire. The cable contains a tubular structure with one or more optical fibres and is surrounded by layers of aluminium and steel wires.
    ♦ This layer of aluminium and steel wire is used to connect the tower to the ground. The optical fibre in the cable is used for high-speed data telemetry between utilities, or sold to certain third parties for high-speed fibre interconnection between cities.

    Category: Agreements MoU
  • Shramshakti Digital Data Solution was Launched

    23 hours ago

    The Ministry of Tribal Affairs and the Goa Government jointly launched the Shramshakti Digital Data Solution.

    This is a national migration support portal designed to make the national and state-level programmes for migrant workers to run smoothly. The Goa Government also released "Shram-Saathi", a training manual for migrant workers in Goa.

    Category: Indian Affairs

हिंदी में नवीनतम करंट अफेयर्स

  • National Democratic Front of Bodoland Assam

    2 days ago

    The Chief Minister of Assam, Sarbanada Sonowal, provided 400,000 rupees to about 1,279 surrendered cadres of the National Democratic Front in Bodoland.

    ♦ The Bodoland National Democratic Front is an armed separatist who seeks to fight for the sovereignty of the people of Bodo. The Indian government has designated the Bodoland National Democratic Front as a terrorist organization.
    ♦ NDFB is a militant organization founded in 1986. The organization has launched several attacks against non-Bodo civilians. NDFB mainly targets the Munda, Santhal and Oraon tribes. These tribesmen were taken by the British to work as tea workers in Assam.
    ♦ In the 1990s, NDFB established 12 refugee camps on the Bhutan-Assam border. The Bhutanese government launched the "Full Transparency Operation" to drive them out of the Bhutan border. Operation Bajrang and Operation Rhino were launched by the Indian Government against separatist groups in Assam.
    ♦ All the Bodo Student Union, the government of Assam and the Bodoland National Democratic Front signed the 2020 "Bodo Peace Agreement". After the agreement was reached, the Indian government announced a 15 billion rupees package for the Bodo region of Assam.
    ♦ In the 27-year conflict, the Indian government and the Bodo tribe signed three agreements. In 1993, an agreement was signed with the All Bodo Student Union and the Bodoland Autonomous Council was established. Bodo Liberation Tigers Agreement was signed in 20023

    Bodos is the largest tribal community in Assam. They account for 5% to 6% of the population of the state. They are part of the Bodo-Kachari family that spread across northeastern India. They speak the Boro language. The Boro language is considered one of the 22 languages in the Indian Constitution. In the Sixth Schedule of the Indian Constitution, the Bodo people are considered plain tribes.

  • Top Current Affairs of the day: 22 January 2021

    2 days ago
    Top Current Affairs of the day: 22 January 2021. Instantly obtain Latest Current Affairs with all essential info, Be the first to know all the Today Current affairs 13 June 2020 top news, Major Issues, Current News, Important events in National Current News as well as International level with clear explanation. For all competitive exams and Interviews, equip yourself with the Latest Current Affairs 22 January 2021 granted here.
  • Top Current Affairs Quiz Questions: 22 January 2021

    2 days ago
    22 January 2021: Current Affairs quiz Questions & Answers to enhance your General Awareness. Practice with our esteemed Current Affairs quiz June 13, 2020 questions which covers all important events across India as well as World. Make use of all important Current Affairs quiz June 13, 2020 questions with answers updated here, at free of cost to succeed in all competitive Exams and Interviews.
  • Gujarat Horticulture Development Mission

    2 days ago

    The Chief Minister of Gujarat announced a "horticultural development mission". "Bagayat Vikas mission" is another name of Gujarat Horticulture Development Mission. The main purpose of this visit is to double the income of farmers engaged in gardening and medicinal agriculture.

    ♦ According to the mission, the wasteland of the Gujarat government will be provided in the form of a thirty-year lease for the cultivation of medicinal and horticultural crops. Currently, the Gujarat government owns 50,000 uncultivated wastelands. The I-Khedut portal will publish a list of wastelands available for allocation.
    ♦ The task is to give priority to farmers who use sprinkler and drip irrigation. The first phase of the mission will be carried out in Surendranagar, Kutch, Sabarkantha and Patan areas.
    ♦ The mission will be exempt from land turnover tax. The lease amount determined by the mission is 100 to 500 rupees per acre per year.
    ♦ This task enables leaseholders to build windmills and solar panels to generate electricity. However, they are not allowed to sell these instalments.
    ♦ If the land is returned before the end of the lease period, no compensation will be paid to the farmers. A Great Powers Committee chaired by the Chief Minister of Gujarat will be established. The committee will make the final decision on land allocation.
    ♦ The mission will assess the progress made on mission land within five years. The land farmers who accept the task can only grow fruits and medicinal plants. They cannot grow cash crops or grains.

    Category: Indian Affairs
  • Guru Gobind Singh Jayant was Observed on 20 January

    2 days ago
    Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s Parkash Purab or Guru Gobind Singh Jayant was designated on January 20, 2021.

    Guru Gobind Singh:
    ♦ The 10th Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh was born in December 1666. His birthday will be December or January based on the Gregorian calendar. In 2021, the date is January 20. Mark this day as Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti or Parkash Purab.
    ♦ Guru Gobind Singh was born as Gobind Rai, his father and ninth Guru Tegh Bahadur refused to embrace Islam He was beheaded by Emperor Mughal Aurangzeb when he was only 9 years old.
    ♦ His outstanding contribution to Sikhism was the establishment of Khalsa in 1699. Guru Gobind Singh is the only son of Guru Tegh Bahadur, born in Patna in December 1666.
    ♦ He was educated in reading, writing, martial arts, archery and horse riding. He is not only a brave warrior, but also a great poet and philosopher. His literary contributions include Jaap Sahib, Benti Chaupai, Amrit Savaiye, etc. He participated in many battles, especially against Aurangzeb, the Mughal ruler.
    ♦ In the Battle of Anandpur (1704), Guru lost his mother and two underage sons and they were executed. His eldest son also died in battle.
    ♦ When two Afghan assassins commissioned by Wazir Khan entered the camp, Guru and his troops were stationed in Deccan. An assassin stabbed Guru in Nanded. The assassin was killed by the Guru, and his accomplices were killed by the Sikh guards. A few days later, Guru Gobind Singh (Guru Gobind Singh) died on October 7, 1708, at the age of 42.
    ♦ After the death of the master, a long and painful war broke out between the Sikhs and the Mughals.
    Category: Persons
  • Professor and Team to Develop Zebrafish - Angiogenesis

    2 days ago

    Chennai's INSPIRE professor and his team are working to develop a transgenic Zebrafish (which have exogenous genes added to their genome) model by using CRISPR/Cas9 gene-editing tools to further study the compensatory angiogenesis mechanism in the tumour microenvironment.

    ♦ The Zebrafish platform (TZP), which is genetically modified or edited by CRISPR/Cas9, can be used for studying the efficacy of a drug as anti or pro-angiogenesis in the next phase of the project.
    ♦ Researchers have discovered that nitric oxide (NO) plays a key role in shutting down angiogenesis in the tumour microenvironment, and melatonin can inhibit tumour angiogenesis.
    ♦ Angiogenesis is the physiological process of forming new blood vessels from existing blood vessels formed at an earlier stage of vasculogenesis.
    ♦ Angiogenesis is a normal and vital process in growth and development, as well as in wound healing and granulation tissue formation.
    ♦ However, this is also the basic step for a transition of tumours from a benign state to a malignant one. This leads to the use of angiogenesis inhibitors in the treatment of cancer.
    ♦ The important role of angiogenesis in tumour growth was first proposed by Judah Folkman in 1971.
    ♦ Angiogenesis is critical to the growth of cancer, because tumours need a blood supply to grow. Tumours trigger the growth of blood cells by releasing chemical signals that stimulate angiogenesis.
    ♦ Angiogenesis disorder is the main cause of tumour growth and progression. Inhibition of tumour angiogenesis after chemotherapy has become a popular anti-cancer strategy.
    ♦ However, due to the parallel activation of multiple compensatory mechanisms involving molecular cascades, clinically approved anti-angiogenic drugs are ineffective, which contributes to tumour angiogenesis.
    ♦ Research on these mechanisms is essential for the development of anti-angiogenic therapies.

  • Avadh Shilpgram Organized Hunar Haat

    2 days ago

    Avadh Shilpgram in Lucknow organized the 24th “Hunar Haat” of Indigenous Products of Artisans and Craftsmens.

    ♦ The theme of the 24th "Hunar Haat" organized by the Ministry of Minority Affairs is “Vocal for Local”.
    ♦ Approximately 500 craftsmen and artisans from 31 States/UTs of the country are participating. 
    ♦ Indigenous products are displayed, such as Ajrakh, Applique, Art metal products, Bagh prints, Batik, Banarsi Saree, Bandhej, Bastar art and herbal products, Block prints, Brass metal bracelets, Sugar cane and Bamboo products, ♦ Canvas paintings, Chikankari, copper bells, Dried flowers, Handloom textiles, Kalamkari, Mangalgiri, Kota silk, Lac bracelets, Leather products, Pashmina shawls, Rampuri violin, wooden and iron toys, kantha embroidery, brass products, crystal glass products, Sandalwood products, etc.
    ♦ In addition to products and food items, artists will also perform cultural activities.
    ♦ With thousands of people visiting "Hunar Haat" and buying handicrafts of indigenous handmade products, "Hunar Haat" has proven to be extremely beneficial and inspiring to artisans and craftsmen.

    Category: Arts & Culture
  • Quantum Computing Application Lab by GoI and Amazon Partnership

    3 days ago

    The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, in cooperation with Amazon Web Services, will establish a quantum computing application laboratory. The laboratory will determine the quantum computing problems faced by the central government, state governments, and research institutions. 

    ♦ Proposals selected from these entities will have access to Amazon Web Services to use Amazon's computing cloud platform. In addition, it will provide access to simulators and programming tools for free.
    ♦ Quantum technology is completely based on the principles of quantum physics. In other words, it is based on quantum theory. 
    ♦ In short, it is the behavior of energy and materials at the atomic and subatomic level. This will help achieve information processing beyond the classical world. Conventional computers will process bit by bit. On the other hand, quantum computers will process qubits.
    ♦ National quantum technology and application tasks will be performed by the Ministry of Science and Technology under the Ministry of Science and Technology.
    ♦ The focus of this visit is on basic science, technological development, and solving issues related to national priorities.
    ♦ It will prepare the next generation of technical talents, encourage entrepreneurship and initiate the development of the ecosystem.
    ♦ The 2020-21 alliance budget has proposed to spend 80 billion rupees to the national quantum technology and application delegation.

  • Top Current Affairs of the day: 21 January 2021

    3 days ago
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  • Top Current Affairs Quiz Questions: 21 January 2021

    3 days ago
    21 January 2021: Current Affairs quiz Questions & Answers to enhance your General Awareness. Practice with our esteemed Current Affairs quiz June 13, 2020 questions which covers all important events across India as well as World. Make use of all important Current Affairs quiz June 13, 2020 questions with answers updated here, at free of cost to succeed in all competitive Exams and Interviews.
  • Council of Palm Oil Producing Countries

    3 days ago

    For the first time, top palm oil producers are seeking opportunities to launch promotional campaigns in Europe. Indonesia and Malaysia, the world’s largest oil producers, have issued proposals for an advocacy company to conduct a campaign in Europe through the Committee of Palm Oil Producing Countries.

    ♦ According to the European Union, the main producer of palm oil is Malaysia, and it has exploited the biodiversity-rich tropical rain forests in Southeast Asia and exploited migrant workers. 
    ♦ As part of the European Green Agreement, the EU will strengthen legislation on deforestation. This may limit the use of palm oil in fuel and food. Therefore, CPOPC, led by Indonesia and Malaysia, is looking for opportunities to initiate campaigns to change the perceptions of European countries.
    ♦ The EU has finalized a rule in 2019, mainly due to deforestation, to phase out palm oil in renewable fuels by 2030.
    ♦ Malaysia and Indonesia produce 85% of global palm oil production. Indonesia alone produces 60% of the world’s palm oil. India and China are the biggest buyers of palm oil.
    ♦ The Committee of Palm Oil Producing Countries is an intergovernmental organization. It was established in 2015. Indonesia and Malaysia are the founding countries of the Palm Oil Producing Countries Committee. 
    ♦ The council targets to promote and strengthen cooperation in oil palm cultivation. It improves the welfare of oil palm stakeholders. It solves the barriers to palm oil trade. 
    ♦ The six main areas of cooperation focus of the council are palm oil sustainability, research and innovation, smallholder productivity, industrial cooperation to achieve value-added production, trade policy issues, and technical regulations and standards.
    ♦ The "European Green Agreement" is a series of EU policy measures aimed at neutralizing the European climate by 2050.

    Category: International
  • Climate Change to Alter its Position

    3 days ago

    Researchers at the University of California recently predicted that future climate change will cause uneven movement of tropical rain belts. This could threaten the food security of billions of people. 

    ♦ According to this study, the transfer of tropical rain belts in the Indian Ocean and East Africa will cause drought pressure in Southeast Africa and Madagascar. In addition, it will increase flooding in southern India. 
    ♦ The tropical rain belt spreads south to the Atlantic and East Pacific and will cause even greater droughts in Central America.
    ♦ Tropical rain belts are areas with abundant rainfall around tropical regions. It is largely a manifestation of ITCZ (Tropical Convergence Zone).
    ♦ From October to March, tropical rain belts are located in the southern hemisphere of the Indian Ocean and Western Pacific.
    ♦ During this period, the northern tropics were dry. Between April and September, tropical rain belts occur in the northern hemisphere, while the southern hemisphere becomes dry.
    ♦ The conveyor belt moves between the equator and the fifteenth parallel north (south) latitude. Near these latitudes, a drought and a wet season occurred. On the other hand, since the belt crosses the equator twice, there are two wet seasons and two dry seasons at the equator.
    ♦ The air in the tropics is warming rapidly. The warm air rises. As the hot air rises, the cold air takes up the empty space. 
    ♦ As more and more cold air replaces warm air, tropical regions lose their ability to retain moisture. As a result, the excess water turned into showers and thunderstorms. This is the main reason for the abundant rainfall in the tropics. Due to the windless weather, the area was called "Doldrums" by sailors. This is the area where the southeast and northeast trade winds meet.

  • Abell 370 Picture Shared by NASA

    3 days ago

    NASA recently shared photos of the huge galaxy cluster named Abell 370. It is a cluster of galaxies four billion light-years away from the earth. The galaxy cluster is located in a constellation called Cetus.

    ♦ The core of Abell 370 is composed of hundreds of galaxies. The galaxy was catalogued by George Abell, hence the name.
    ♦ Abell 370 has several beams of light. These arcs are phantoms created by gravitational lensing on dark and huge objects between the observer and the distant galaxy.
    ♦ The Abell 370 galaxy cluster was first discovered in 2002 using the lensing effect.
    ♦ When the light from a galaxy (located at a great distance) passes through a large number of objects, the gravitational force from these objects can bend or twist them. This is called a gravitational lens.
    ♦ Cetus is a sea monster in Greek mythology. The constellation Cetus is located in the sky area, and other constellations such as Pisces, Aquarius and Eridanus are also located in this area.
    ♦ There are fourteen stars in the constellation of Cetus. Mira is the first star discovered in the constellation Cetus. The constellation Tau Ceti is the closest star to the sun.
    ♦ Abell 370 Galaxy is also nicknamed The Dragon by NASA scientists. This is mainly because, in 2009, a study of Abell 370 revealed a group of galaxies in the background of star clusters. The group is regarded as a twisted dragon by the swarm. The head of the dragon is made of a spiral galaxy. These galaxies are 5 billion light-years away from each other.
    ♦ Spiral galaxies are a type of Milky Way galaxy, consisting of a central concentration of stars called bulges and a flat rotating disk containing gas, stars, and dust. The Pinwheel Galaxy is a spiral galaxy.

  • IMD May Introduce A New Monsoon Models

    3 days ago

    The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) may introduce a new monsoon pattern in 2021 to better predict changes in rainfall.

    ♦ Three different models can be tested this year.
    ♦ Two of them are dynamic models and one is statistical models.
    ♦ In the former, the climate of any day is simulated on a supercomputers, and meteorologists observe changes in daily output.
    ♦ The other is a traditional statistical model, which equates the relationship between physical parameters (such as sea surface temperature, snowfall, land temperature, etc.) with the actual rainfall observed in the past.
    ♦ The three models under consideration are:
    ♦ 12 kinds of global circulation models (dynamic), whose output will be merged into one model;
    ♦ A model that measures rainfall based on tropical sea surface temperature (developed by Professor Sumant Nigam, University of Maryland, USA).
    ♦ Statistical models based on climate variables observed during the pre-monsoon.
    ♦ All of these are smaller models and combine them to get an average value.
    ♦ This year will continue to use traditional statistical models.

  • DRDO Handed Over The Motor Bike Ambulance Rakshita To CRPF

    4 days ago

    DRDO handed over the Motor Bike Ambulance “Rakshita” to CRPF.

    ♦ Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences (INMAS) of the DRDO Laboratory in Delhi handed over Rakshita to the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF).
    ♦ This is a bike-based emergency vehicle for transportation of the wounded.
    ♦ Rakshita is equipped with a custom-made reclining Casualty Evacuation Seat (CES), which can be installed and removed as required.
    ♦ The bike ambulances will help overcome the problems faced by Indian security forces and emergency health care providers.
    ♦ It will provide life-saving assistance to rescue injured patients from evacuating low-intensity conflict areas.
    ♦ This bike ambulance is not only useful for paramilitary forces and military forces, but also useful in potential civilian areas.

  • Top Current Affairs of the day: 20 January 2021

    4 days ago
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  • Uncontrolled Flow Of Untreated Industrial Wastewater Increases Pollution In Gujarat Rivers

    4 days ago

    Untreated industrial wastewater flows into the rivers of Gujarat without control, leading to increase the pollution in Sabarmati, Mahisagar, Narmada, Vishwamitri and Bhadar 

    ♦ According to data from the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), Sabarmati is one of the most polluted rivers in the country.
    ♦ Gujarat is ranked fourth among the top five states with most polluted rivers with as many as 20 rivers in the critically polluted category.
    ♦ According to official parameters, if the chemical oxygen demand (COD) representing the load of organic pollutants is higher than 250 mg per liter, it should not be released into the river.
    ♦ Most of the wastewater in the Gujarat River is dumped into it, with a chemical oxygen demand level of 700 to 1,000 milligrams per liter.
    ♦ Although the Dissolved Oxygen (DO) level (indicating the health of the river) of a perennial river like Mahisgar should be in the range of 6 to 8 mg per liter, it is actually less than 2.9 mg per liter.

    Category: Environment
  • Kalaripayattu teach at Vellar Crafts Village in Kerala Tourism

    4 days ago

    With the establishment of a academy in the capital of Kerala, the popularity of Kalaripayattu will surge.

    ♦ Now, on the way to Kovalam at Vellar Craft Village of the Kerala Tourism Authority, Kalaripayattu will be taught.
    ♦ 3,500 square feet of the village’s college is planned to be completed within two months.
    ♦ The Chief Minister of Kerala recently released the syllabus of Kalaripayattu Academy at the inauguration ceremony of the renovated Crafts Village.

    ♦ It is also known as Kalari. Kalaripayattu is an martial art and fighting style of Indians that originated in Kerala.
    ♦ It is considered to be one of the oldest martial arts still in existence, and its origin can be traced back to at least the 3rd century BC.
    ♦ It includes strikes, kicks, grappling, preset forms, weaponry and treatment methods.
    ♦ Practitioners of Kalaripayattu also have complex knowledge of human pressure points and healing techniques that combine knowledge of Ayurveda and yoga.
    ♦ Unlike other parts of India, fighters in Kerala belong to all castes.
    ♦ Women from the Keralite society also received training in Kalaripayattu and are still receiving training today.

    Category: Arts & Culture
  • Mukundpura CM2 Geological Survey

    4 days ago

    A new study by the Geological Survey of India revealed that Kolkata revealed the mineralogy of the meteorite that fell in Mukundpura village near Jaipur in 2017.

    ♦ The meteorite named Mukundpura CM2 is classified as a carbonaceous chondrite.
    ♦ The composition of carbonaceous chondrites is also similar to that of the Sun.
    ♦ This is a stony meteorite, considered the most primitive meteorite, and the first solid remnant accumulated in the solar system.
    ♦ Meteorites are roughly divided into three categories-stony (rich in silicate), iron (Fe-Ni alloy) and stony iron (silicate-iron mixed alloy).
    ♦ Chondrites are meteorites containing silicate droplets. This Mukundpura chondrite is the fifth known carbonaceous meteorite in India.
    ♦ The results of the Mukundpura CM2 study are related to the surface composition of the near-Earth asteroids Ryugu and Bennu.

  • GoI Strengthened the Chabahar Port

    4 days ago

    The Indian government has strengthened the cargo handling capacity of Iran's Chabahar port.

    ♦ India has provided cargo of two Mobile Harbour Cranes (MHC) to Iran’s Chabahar Port. According to the contract agreement, the total value of the contract exceeds USD 25 million and a total of 6 MHCs are supplied.
    ♦ This is a stage towards India's responsibility towards infrastructure development of ‎Shahid Beheshti Port of Chabahar. 
    ♦ The bilateral contract between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of India was signed in 2016, with a total value of USD 85 million, for the equipment, mechanization and start of operation at Shahid Beheshti Port of Chabahar development Phase- I.
    ♦  In order to achieve this ambitious goal, an SPV namely India Ports Global Limited (IPGL), Mumbai was incorporated under the ambit of the Ministry of Ports, ‎Shipping and Waterways.
    ♦ The development of Chabahar Port is the anchor point for the expansion of economic and mutual relations between India and Iran, and it will further promote the maritime trade between both countries.
    ♦ The geographical location of Chabahar Port has strategic advantages and huge potential. It can establish connectivity between India, Iran, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and other CIS countries (especially the eastern countries of the CIS) to increase these Trade between countries.

    Category: International
  • Ndrangheta from South America to Europe

    5 days ago

    Italian authorities believe that the Ndrangheta Mafia is responsible for controlling the large amount of cocaine entering Europe from South America. After the large-scale Mafia trial against the Ndrangheta group, the Italian government confirmed this.

    ♦ The Ndrangheta is a famous Italian Mafia in the region of Calabria. The Mafia began in the 18th century.
    ♦ During the reign of the Bourbon of Naples, the first official report of Ndrangheta was submitted in 1792.
    ♦ According to US, money laundering activities, drug trafficking accounts for 3% of Italy’s GDP. Ndrangheta's annual revenue is approximately US$50 billion to US$60 billion.
    ♦ Ndrangheta is also active in other countries, such as Albania, Australia, Argentina, Belgium, Canada, Brazil, Colombia, the Netherlands, Germany, Malta, Switzerland, Slovakia, the United Kingdom, Uruguay and the United States.
    ♦ According to EUROPOL (European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation), in the whole world Ndrangheta is the most powerful organized crime group.
    ♦ Calabria is a region located in southern Italy. The region borders the Ionian Sea to the east and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west. The Strait of Messina separates Calabria from Sicily. The Mafia in Sicily is considered to be one of Ndrangheta's closest allies.
    ♦ The Allies of the Ndrangheta Mafia are Camorra, Sacra Corona Unita, Societa foggiana, Stidda, Albanian Mafia, American Mafia, Primeriro Comando da Capital.
    ♦ The Camorra, Safian Mafia, Sacra Corona Unita, Stidda and Societa foggiana are located in Italy. Primeiro Comando da Capital is located in Brazil.

  • Top Current Affairs of the day: 19 January 2021

    5 days ago
    Top Current Affairs of the day: 19 January 2021. Instantly obtain Latest Current Affairs with all essential info, Be the first to know all the Today Current affairs 13 June 2020 top news, Major Issues, Current News, Important events in National Current News as well as International level with clear explanation. For all competitive exams and Interviews, equip yourself with the Latest Current Affairs 19 January 2021 granted here.
  • Top Current Affairs Quiz Questions: 19 January 2021

    5 days ago
    19 January 2021: Current Affairs quiz Questions & Answers to enhance your General Awareness. Practice with our esteemed Current Affairs quiz June 13, 2020 questions which covers all important events across India as well as World. Make use of all important Current Affairs quiz June 13, 2020 questions with answers updated here, at free of cost to succeed in all competitive Exams and Interviews.
  • Semeru Volcano of Indonesia

    5 days ago

    Semeru volcano erupted in East Java, Indonesia. Other volcanoes such as Merapi (Java) and Sinabung (Sumatra) have also erupted recently.

    Key Facts about Semeru Volcano:
    ♦ Semeru (also known as "The Great Mountain") is the highest volcano in Java and one of the most active volcanoes. Previously erupted in December 2019.
    ♦ Indonesia has the largest number of active volcanoes in the world. As it is located on the Pacific Ring of Fire, it is prone to earthquakes.
    ♦ The Semeru volcano is part of the island arc. It is formed by the subduction of the Indo-Australian plate below the Sunda plate (part of the Eurasian plate). The trench formed here is called the Sunda trench, and its main part is the Java trench.

    Category: Environment
  • Western Disturbance Affects Himalayas

    5 days ago

    According to the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD), Western disturbance is likely to affect the Himalayas soon. These disturbances will cause mild to moderate snowfall and rainfall in the Plains of Jammu.

    ♦ Western Disturbance (WD) is marked as an extra-tropical storm originating in the Mediterranean. It is an area of low pressure that brings showers, heavy snow and fog in northwest India.
    ♦ The meaning of WD lies in its name. The disturbance travels from "west" to east direction.
    ♦ They travel eastward in high-altitude westerly jet streams-a large amount of fast wind traverses the earth from west to east.
    ♦ Disturbance refers to areas that are "disturbed" or where air pressure decreases. Equilibrium exists naturally, so the air in the area tries to normalize its pressure.
    ♦ The term "extra-tropical storm", refers to low pressure. "Extra-Tropical" refers to areas outside the tropics. Because WD originated outside the tropical region, the term "extra-tropical" is related to it.
    ♦ WD is related to rainfall, snowfall and fog in northern India. Rain and snow in Pakistan and northern India. The moisture carried by WD comes from the Mediterranean sea and/or from the Atlantic Ocean.
    ♦ WD brings winter and pre-monsoon rains, which are essential for the development of Rabi crops in the Northern subcontinent.
    ♦ WD is not always a sign of good weather. Sometimes, WD can cause extreme weather events, such as floods, flash floods, landslides, sandstorms, hail storms and cold waves, causing deaths, infrastructure damage and livelihoods.

    Category: Environment
  • Buddhist Circuit by the Ministry of Tourism

    5 days ago

    The Ministry of Tourism organized the "DekhoApnaDesh" webinar with the theme of “Exploring the Buddhist Circuit by Train”.

    Tourist Circuit:
    ♦ A Tourist Circuit is defined as a route with at least three main tourist destinations. The three main tourist destinations are completely different.
    ♦ The circuit should have well-defined entry and exit points. Visitors who enter should be motivated to visit most of the places identified in the circuit.
    ♦ The Circuit can be limited to State, or it can be a regional circuit covering multiple States/Union Territories. These circuits can have a dominant theme and other sub-themes.

    Buddhist Circuit
    ♦ The Buddhist Circuit includes the most important pilgrimage destination for Buddhist tourists. 
    ♦ The development of the Buddhist circuit is part of the Swadesh Darshan scheme announced by the GoI in 2014. 
    ♦ India is home to seven of the eight Buddhist sites, but less than 1% of Buddhists pilgrims in the world. 
    ♦ The Buddhist circuit includes Kapilavastu and Lumbini in Nepal (Buddha’s birthplace), Shravasthi, Sarnath, Kushinagar, Rajgir, Vaishali and Bodhgaya in India.

    Category: Indian Affairs
  • Road Safety Month is Observed in the Mid of January

    5 days ago

    The National Road Safety Month is observed from 18th January 2021 to 17th February 2021. This is an initiative of the government to increase awareness of road safety and reduce road accidents in India.

    National Road Safety Month:
    Activities planned during the National Road Safety Month include the screening of a film on road safety, the flag-off of the National Championship Safe Speed Challenge from the border of Wagah to Kanyakumari, and the award of road safety awards. The State government, PSUs and insurance companies will also participate in awareness raising activities through seminars, walking marathons and poster making competitions.

    Road accidents in India:
    In India, road accidents are still the leading cause of death, disability and hospitalization, accounting for 11% of accident-related deaths worldwide. In India, more than 400 people are killed in road accidents every day, and more than 1,200 people are injured every day.

    Category: Important Days
  • Festival in Nagi-Nakti Bird Sanctuaries

    6 days ago

    Bihar started the first state-level bird festival "Kalrav" in the Nagi-Nakti Bird Sanctuary in Jamui District of Bihar.This is a three-day event that is expected to attract experts and bird lovers from all over the country.

    ♦ Naji Dam and Nakti Dam are two sanctuaries, they are very close to each other, so they can be regarded as a bird sanctuary.
    ♦ The Nagi-Nakti Bird Sanctuary is the hometown of various birds and migratory birds, which appear in Eurasia, Central Asia, the Arctic Circle, Russia and northern China in winter.
    ♦ More than 136 species of birds have been found in these sanctuaries.
    ♦ According to the report of the International Wetlands Organization, there are about 1,600 bar-headed geese, which account for about 3% of the global population of this species. Due to this rare phenomenon, the Birdlife International, a global body, has held the Nagi Dam Bird Sanctuary to be globally important for conservation of birds' population and has declared it as an important bird area.
    ♦ Other major birds: Indian Courser, Indian Sandgrouse, Yellow-wattled Lapwing and Indian Robin.
    ♦ Major threats to the biodiversity of the sanctuaries: Agricultural runoff; Land dispute between Irrigation and Forest Departments; Leasing out of the site for fishing.

    Other Bird Sanctuaries of Bihar:
    ♦ Gautam Budha bird sanctuary, Gaya
    ♦ Kawar Jheel bird sanctuary, Bigusarai
    ♦ Kusheshwar asthan bird sanctuary, Darbhanga

  • Top Current Affairs of the day: 18 January 2021

    6 days ago
    Top Current Affairs of the day: 18 January 2021. Instantly obtain Latest Current Affairs with all essential info, Be the first to know all the Today Current affairs 13 June 2020 top news, Major Issues, Current News, Important events in National Current News as well as International level with clear explanation. For all competitive exams and Interviews, equip yourself with the Latest Current Affairs 18 January 2021 granted here.
  • Top Current Affairs Quiz Questions: 18 January 2021

    6 days ago
    18 January 2021: Current Affairs quiz Questions & Answers to enhance your General Awareness. Practice with our esteemed Current Affairs quiz June 13, 2020 questions which covers all important events across India as well as World. Make use of all important Current Affairs quiz June 13, 2020 questions with answers updated here, at free of cost to succeed in all competitive Exams and Interviews.
  • Surya Majjana in Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple

    6 days ago

    The cloudy sky affects the phenomenon called Surya Majjana in Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple (Karnataka) every year.

    Key Facts:
    ♦ This temple is located in Bangalore, Karnataka.
    ♦ The name of the temple derived from the combination of topographical features and mythology: gavi (cave) and Gangadhareswara (shiva) refer to the Lord who decorated the Ganges.
    ♦ It is believed that it was built in its current form by Kempe Gowda I.

    Architecture Features:
    ♦ Celestial Oriented Architecture: Built in the Vijaynagar style, with unique celestial oriented rock-cut architecture due to which, Surya majjana appears in Sankranti every year.
    ♦ Surya Majjana: On the day of  Makar Sankranti, Rays of Sun falls on linga in the cave (gavi), making it glow for ten minutes.

    Two Monolithic structures:
    ♦ In the forecourt stand two monolithic structures called Suryapana and Chandrapana, each of which consists of a huge disc on top of a supporting pillar.
    ♦ The sitting bulls’ engravings are located on the discs that face each other.

    The iconography of Shiva:
    ♦ The courtyard of the temple is decorated with the monolith structures related to the iconography of Shiva-trishula (trident) and damaru (hourglass-shaped two-headed drum).
    ♦ Between the two discs, there is a brass dhwajasthambha (Flagstaff) and a small compartment containing a statue of Nandi, Shiva's bull carrier.

    Category: Arts & Culture
  • PCRA Launched SAKSHAM Campaign

    6 days ago
    PCRA has launched a one-month mass awareness campaign "SAKSHAM" to spread awareness about "Green and Clean Energy".

    About SAKSHAM:
    ♦ The SAKAHAM (Sanrakshan Kshamta Mahotsav) is a campaign launched by Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA).
    ♦ The main aim of this campaign is to make the public aware of the protection and effective use of petroleum products, which will bring better health and the environment.
    ♦ The campaign aims to raise awareness of the adverse health and environmental effects of increased carbon footprint.
    ♦ The idea behind the initiative is to persuade consumers to switch to cleaner fuels and make behavioural changes to use fossil fuels intelligently.
    ♦ The campaign carried out various pan-Indian activities, such as cyclothon, farmer workshops, seminars, painting competitions, CNG car driving competitions, etc., will popularize the benefits of using clean fuels among the general public.
    ♦ Key driving factors include: moving toward a gas-based economy, using fossil fuels more cleanly, relying more on domestic resources to drive biofuels, achieving renewable targets within a prescribed period, and increasing the use of electric vehicles to reduce carbon emissions from transportation, clean fuels such as hydrogen, and digital innovations in all energy systems.

    Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA):
    PCRA is a registered society. It is established under the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, Government of India. As a non-profit organization, PCRA is a national government agency dedicated to promoting energy efficiency in various economic fields. Help the government to propose petroleum protection policies and strategies to reduce the country’s excessive dependence on oil demand.
    Category: Schemes
  • CARA Celebrates its Annual Day

    6 days ago

    Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) celebrates its 6th Annual Day. The Central Adoption Resources Authority is the statutory body.

    ♦ CARA (Central Adoption Resources Authority) is the statutory body of the Ministry of Women and Child Development of the Government of India.
    ♦ CARA serves as a nodal agency for the adoption of Indian children, and is mandated to supervise and regulate domestic and international adoptions.
    ♦ In accordance with the provisions of the Hague Convention on Inter-country Adoption, 1993 approved by the Indian government in 2003, CARA was designated as the Central Authority to deal with inter-country adoptions.
    ♦ CARA mainly deals with the adoption of orphans, abandoned and surrendered children through its related/recognized adoption agencies.

    Category: Important Days
  • Tamil Nadu 11th State - One Nation One Ration Card System

    6 days ago

    Tamil Nadu became the 11th state to complete the reform of the “One Nation One Ration Card” system.

    ♦ Tamil Nadu has become the 11th state in the country that has successfully implemented the “One Nation One Ration Card system" reform prescribed by the Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance.
    ♦ Therefore, the state is eligible to mobilize additional financial resources of Rs 48.13 billion through Open Market Borrowings.
    ♦ Tamil Nadu has now joined the other 10 states and they have completed this reform. They are Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Telangana, Tripura and Uttar Pradesh.

    ♦ In response to the challenges posed by the pandemic, GOI increased the state's borrowing limit by 2% of its GSDP.
    ♦ Half of this special distribution is related to the country’s citizen-centred reforms.
    ♦ The One Nation One Ration Card System is an important citizen-centric reform. Its implementation ensures that food rations are provided to beneficiaries in any Fair Price Shop (FPS) across the country in accordance with the National Food Security Act (NFSA) and other welfare programs (especially migrant workers and their families).
    ♦ The reforms enable states to better target beneficiaries and also eliminate bogus/duplicate/ineligible cardholders resulting in enhanced welfare and reducing leakage.

    Category: Indian Affairs
  • Japan Provides Loan To India

    13 days ago

    Japan & India signed an agreement of 50 billion loans to support India’s economic support program for the poor and vulnerable groups affected by the pandemic.

    ♦ The loan could also be a neighborhood of Japan’s Official Development Assistance - ODA loan.
    ♦ Official Development Assistance is defined as government assistance aimed toward promoting the economic development & welfare of countries that are under development.
    ♦ Annual rate of interest of the loan is 0.65%, and thus the repayment period is 15 years, including a 5-year grace period.
    ♦ The support targets to support the Indian government's programs, like PMGKY (Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana), which aims to scale back the socio-economic impact and strengthen the socio-economic institutions.
    ♦ This includes plans to distribute food to the poor and disadvantaged groups, to provide assistance and support to construction workers, and plans to provide special insurance for doctors fighting Covid-19. it's to implement the health and medical policies of the Indian government and is predicted to steer to the hospital's development equipped with medical aid units (ICU) and infection prevention and management facilities. In many villages in India, digital technology is additionally expected to strengthen telemedicine.

  • Top Current Affairs of the day: 11 January 2021

    13 days ago
    Top Current Affairs of the day: 11 January 2021. Instantly obtain Latest Current Affairs with all essential info, Be the first to know all the Today Current affairs 13 June 2020 top news, Major Issues, Current News, Important events in National Current News as well as International level with clear explanation. For all competitive exams and Interviews, equip yourself with the Latest Current Affairs 11 January 2021 granted here.
  • Top Current Affairs Quiz Questions: 11 January 2021

    13 days ago
    11 January 2021: Current Affairs quiz Questions & Answers to enhance your General Awareness. Practice with our esteemed Current Affairs quiz June 13, 2020 questions which covers all important events across India as well as World. Make use of all important Current Affairs quiz June 13, 2020 questions with answers updated here, at free of cost to succeed in all competitive Exams and Interviews.
  • Valedictory Function Of 2nd National Youth Parliament Festival

    13 days ago

    Shri Narendra Modi to deliver a note on the Valedictory function of the 2nd National Youth Parliament Festival on 12th January 2021, via video conferencing.

    ♦ The purpose of the National Youth Parliament Festival (NYPF) is to concentrate to the voices of youngsters aged 18 to 25 who can vote and may participate in various occupations, including public service, within the approaching years.
    ♦ NYPF is based on the ideas presented by the Prime Minister in his Mann Ki Baat Address on New Year's Day Eve, 2017.
    ♦ The first National Youth Parliament Festival (NYPF) was held from January 12 to February 27, 2019, with the theme "Be the Voice of latest India and finding Solutions and Contributing to Policy".
    ♦ The 2nd NYPF was launched on December 23, 2020 through a virtual mode and thus the finals are getting to be held on11th January, 2021 within the Central Hall of the Parliament.
    ♦ 29 national winners will have the prospect to speak before the national jury, composed of MPs Roopa Ganguly, Rajya Sabha, Parvesh Sahib Singh, MPs, Lok Sabha and Prafulla Ketkar.
    ♦ The top three winners will have the chance to speak to the Prime Minister within the voting function on January 12.
    ♦ The National Youth Festival is widely known from January 12th to 16th once a year.
    ♦ 12th January is that the birthday anniversary of Swami Vivekananda and is taken into account the National Youth Day. This year, NYPF also will organize with the National Youth Festival.
    ♦ Due to COVID-19, the 24th National Youth Festival was held in virtual mode and thus the theme of this year festival is “YUVAAH – Utsah Naye Bharat Ka”.
    ♦ Both the opening ceremony of the 24th National Youth Festival and thus the closing ceremony of the 2nd National Youth Congress Festival are getting to be persisted January 12, 2021 within the Central Hall of the Parliament.

    Category: Indian Affairs
  • India Chairs 3 Key Subsidiary Bodies of the UNSC

    13 days ago

    India will host the three-key subsidiary bodies of the UNSC (United Nations Security Council).

    ♦ The groups are the Counter-Terrorism Committee, Taliban Sanctions Committee and Libya Sanctions Committee.
    ♦ The Chairman of the Counter-Terrorism Committee evoked a special response in India. Not only has India been at the forefront of combating terrorism, especially cross-border terrorism, but it's also one among India’s biggest victims. Considering India’s strong interest and commitment to peace, security, development and progress in Afghanistan.
    ♦ The Taliban Sanctions Committee has always a top priority for India. When the international community pays attention to Libya and therefore the social process, India will assume the chairmanship of the Libya sanctions committee at a critical juncture.

    Category: International
  • Mera Gaon Mera Gaurav Drive in Goa

    13 days ago

    Under ICAR’s "Mera Gaon Mera Gaurav" initiative, Cleanliness activities are administered in Ibrampur, Veling and Parra villages in Goa.

    ♦ The drive “Mera Gaon Mera Gaurav” was launched in 2015.
    ♦ This is the flagship programme of the Prime Minister of India.
    ♦ Objective: Provide farmers with necessary information, knowledge and advice on a daily basis through adoption villages.
    ♦ Aim: to plug the direct interface of scientists with the farmers to hasten the lab to land process.
    ♦ Indian Council of Agricultural Research – ICAR implements the drive, which is an autonomous body liable for coordinating agricultural education & research.
    ♦ ICAR reports to the Department of Agricultural Research & Education, Ministry of Agriculture.

    Category: Indian Affairs
  • G Kishan Reddy Committee Formed for Ladakh

    13 days ago

    The Government decided to line up a committee to guard the language, culture and land of Ladakh and ensure citizen participation within the development of the Union Territory.

    ♦ The committee is going to be chaired by the Minister of State for Home G Kishan Reddy.
    ♦ It will include elected representatives from Ladakh, Ladakh Autonomous Hills Development Council, Central Government and Ladakh administration.
    ♦ The decision to determine the committee was made after a gathering with a 10-member delegation in Ladakh. The Ladakh delegation expressed its views on the necessity to guard Ladakh’s unique cultural identity.

    Category: Indian Affairs
  • World War Orphans Day is Observed on 6th January

    15 days ago

    Every January 6th, World War Orphans Day is celebrated to raise people's awareness of the plight of war orphans and to resolve the painful conditions they face.

    ♦ According to UNICEF, children under 18 who have lost one or two parents due to any cause of death are considered orphans.
    ♦ According to UNICEF data, there were approximately 140 million orphans worldwide in 2015, including 10 million in Latin America and the Caribbean, 61 million in Asia, 7.3 million in Eastern Europe and Central Asia and 52 million in Africa.
    ♦ This day highlights the lives of children affected by the results of the war and aims to improve their future.
    ♦ According to UNICEF data, in the wars of the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries, nearly 50% victims were civilians, and this number gradually increased in 2001. Since that year, the figure has fallen by 0.7%. Per year.
    ♦ In World War II, about two-thirds of the victims were civilians, and by the end of the 1980s, this number had risen to 90%.
    ♦ Based on the above data, it is obvious that civilians in many countries around the world have become victims of wars. Among them, the child is the victim of silence. Millions of children grew up in war zones without family racial conflicts. Orphans are not only forced to take care of themselves, but also their young siblings (if any).
    ♦ Therefore, this day highlights the plight of orphans and reminds us that we must take care of every child.

  • Top Current Affairs of the day: 09 January 2021

    15 days ago
    Top Current Affairs of the day: 09 January 2021. Instantly obtain Latest Current Affairs with all essential info, Be the first to know all the Today Current affairs 13 June 2020 top news, Major Issues, Current News, Important events in National Current News as well as International level with clear explanation. For all competitive exams and Interviews, equip yourself with the Latest Current Affairs 09 January 2021 granted here.
  • Pravasi Bharatiya Divas Convention Organized on 9 January

    15 days ago

    Although the Covid pandemic is still ongoing, the 16th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas Convention is being organized on January 9, 2021. Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD) was celebrated on January 9th to commemorate the contribution of overseas Indian communities to the development of India (NRI).

    ♦ The PBD Convention is the flagship activity of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and provides an important platform for contact and contact with overseas Indians.
    ♦ Since 2003, the PBD Convention has been held every year. Since 2015, the format been revised to celebrate PBD every two years.
    ♦ The theme of Article 16 of the 2021 PBD Convention is: "Contribution to Aatmanirbhar Bharat".
    ♦ Since this day in 1915, Mahatma Gandhi, the greatest Pravasi, returned to India from South Africa, leading India’s struggle for freedom and changing the lives of Indians forever. Therefore, January 9th was set to celebrate this day. Days.
    ♦ These conventions provide a platform for overseas Indian communities to interact with their ancestral governments and local people to carry out mutually beneficial activities.
    ♦ These conventions are also very useful for connecting between overseas Indian communities living around the world and enabling them to share their experiences in various fields.

    Category: Important Days
  • Central Scheme for Industrial Development in J&K

    15 days ago

    The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved an ambitious plan to promote industrial development in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K). The Indian government has allocated 28,400 crore rupees for industrial development planned for Jammu and Kashmir. The funds to be utilized to enhance the industrial sector in the region until 2037.

    ♦ The main purpose of the plan is to create employment opportunities, thereby promoting economic development, and promote the development of industry and service industries. In turn, this will attract new investment.
    ♦ The plan is ambitious because it attracts large and small industrial sectors.
    ♦ The plan provides the following incentives:
    ♦ The plan will provide 30% of capital investment incentives in the region.
    ♦ It will provide 50% investment incentives in Zone B. This includes investments in manufacturing and construction.
    ♦ The maximum rewards are Rs 5 crore for Zone A and Rs 7.5 crore for Zone B.
    ♦ The plan will provide 7-year annual interest rate subsidies for loans up to 5 billion rupees for a period of 7 years.
    ♦ The incentives related to the goods and services tax will be 300% of the qualified value of the actual investment.
    ♦ The amount of reward provided should not exceed one-tenth of the amount of eligible reward.
    ♦ The plan is expected to attract substantial investment and provide 4.5 lacs direct and indirect employment opportunities in the region.
    ♦ So far, the central government has invested a total of 11.23 billion rupees as part of the industrial policy in Kashmir.

    Category: Indian Affairs
  • PMI Data Service Sector of India is at Slow Pace

    15 days ago
    According to the latest PMI data, India’s service industry activity grew at a slower rate in December. The service industry PMI rose to 52.3 in December from 53.7 in November.

    Purchasing Managers Index:
    ♦ The Purchasing Managers Index is an economic indicator that can indicate the business activities and economic health of the manufacturing and service industries.
    ♦ India's PMI was published by Japanese company Nikkei, but was written and constructed by IHS Markit, a global information provider based in London.
    ♦ Unlike the Industrial Production Index (IIP), which denotes changes in input or output.
    ♦ PMI is an investor sentiment tracking index, and it is more dynamic in nature. They come from a monthly survey of about 400 private companies.
    ♦ The variables used to calculate PMI are: output, new orders, employment, input costs, output prices, backlogs, export orders, purchase quantities, supplier delivery time, purchase inventory, and finished goods inventory.
    ♦ While Purchasing Managers Index >50 implies an expansion of business and economic activity, Purchasing Managers Index <50 means contraction. 
    Category: Index / List
  • World Food Price Index by FAO

    15 days ago
    Food Price Index of the Food & Agriculture Organization - FAO averaged 107.5 points in December 2020, which is an increase of 2.3 points from November 2020. This is the 7th consecutive month of growth.

    ♦ The food price index was established in 1996 as a public good.
    ♦ The Price Index is a public good in order to help monitoring the development of the global agricultural market.
    ♦ The FAO Food Price Index (FFPI) is a measure of the monthly changes in the international price of a basket of food.
    ♦ It measures changes in a basket of grains, oilseeds, dairy products, meat, and sugar.
    ♦ The Base period is 2014-16.

    Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO):
    Food and Agriculture Organization - FAO is one of the specialized agencies of the United Nations (UN), leading international efforts to eradicate hunger globally. On October 16, World Food Day is observed every year globally. Celebrate this day to mark the tenth anniversary of the founding of FAO in 1945. India issued a commemorative rupee coin of 75 denominations to commemorate the 75th anniversary of the founding of FAO (October 16, 2020). It is one of the United Nations food aid organizations based in Rome (Italy). Its sister institutions are the World Food Program and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
    Category: Index / List
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