The theme for International Day for the Eradication of Poverty 2018 is "Coming together with those furthest behind to build an inclusive world of universal respect for human rights and dignity".
It promotes people’s awareness of the need to eradicate poverty and destitution worldwide, particularly in developing countries.
World Food Day is celebrated every year around the world on 16 October in honor of the date of the founding of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations in 1945.
The theme for WFD 2018 is "Our Actions Are Our Future".
India celebrates its 86th Air Force Day on 8th October 2018. The Indian Air Force (IAF) is to hold a grand parade-cum-investiture ceremony at the Air Force Station at Hindon in Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh. President Ram Nath Kovind congratulated the valiant air warriors of IAF on its 86th anniversary.
IAF is the fourth largest air force in the world, after the United States, Russia and China. IAF has around 1,500 aircraft in its fleet that operates out of 60 air bases. It has more than 600 combat aircraft and over 500 transport carriers and choppers.
The Indian Air Force has five commands across India: the Western Air Command, with its headquarters in New Delhi, the Southwestern Air Command at Jodhpur in Rajasthan, the Eastern Air Command at Shillong in Meghalaya, the Central Air Command at Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh, and the Southern Air Command at Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala.
Indian Air Force (IAF):
Founded: 8 October 1932
Headquarters: New Delhi
Part of: Indian Armed Force
Motto: Touch the Sky with Glory
Chief of the Air Staff (CAS): Air Chief Marshal Birender Singh Dhanoa
Vice Chief of the Air Staff (VCAS): Air Marshal Anil Khosla
The theme for this year's WTD is “The right to education means the right to a qualified teacher,”
The WTD 2018 will mark the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) recognizes education as a key fundamental right and establishes an entitlement to free compulsory education, ensuring inclusive and equitable access for all children.
Started in 1980 by The United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), World Tourism Day (WTD) is celebrated worldwide annually on September 27.
The theme of this year - 'Tourism and the Digital Transformation'
The official celebrations this year took place in Budapest, Hungary.
In India, the celebrations begun in Goa and are organised by Goa Tourism Development Corporation (GTDC).
On December 19, 1994, the UN General Assembly proclaimed September 16 to be the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer, commemorating the date when the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer was signed in 1987.
The theme for World Ozone Day 2018 - Keep Cool and Carry On.
Ozone layer is found particularly in the stratosphere layer of atmosphere ranging between 20 to 40 km.
On this day in 1949, Hindi written in Devanagari script became the official language of India under the Article 343.
Hindi is spoken by 250 million people as the original language and it is the fourth language of the world.
There are 22 Scheduled languages of India, of which, two are officially used at Union government of India level: Hindi and English.
In 1881, Bihar accepted Hindi as its sole official language, replacing Urdu, and thus became the first state of India to adopt Hindi.
Vice president Venkaiah Naidu gave away Rajbhasha Kirti Puraskar 2017-18 on Hindi Diwas 2018.
World First Aid Day is also celebrated on 14th September.
The day is celebrated on the birth anniversary of educationist and former President Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.
President Ram Nath Kovind greeted teachers on the occasion.
The National Nutrition Month (September) is being celebrated across the country to mark the fight against malnutrition.
During this month, various programmes have been organized by the Women and Child Development Ministry to spread broad awareness on the issues related to malnutrition like stunting, undernutrition, anemia and low birth weight in children.
The legendary hockey player Dhyan Chand birthday is commemorated as National Sports day.
He was famously known as ‘The Wizard’ for his superb ball control.
This day is observed in order to commemorate the core values of the United Nations and is an indiscriminate threat that affects people and countries across the globe.
The first International Day, the Permanent Missions of Afghanistan, Belgium, Iraq, Nigeria, and the United States, along with the United Nations Office of Counter-Terrorism (UNOCT) and the Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (UNCTED) will launch a multimedia exhibit at the Exhibition Hall, Visitors’ Lobby at the United Nations Headquarters in New York.
World Mosquito Day is a commemoration of British doctor Sir Ronald Ross's discovery in 1897 that female mosquitoes transmit malaria between humans.
Mosquito name comes from Spanish word meaning "little fly".
Around 6 million deaths every decade occur owing to malaria.
Various Mosquito-borne diseases:
♦ Yellow Fever,
♦ West Nile Virus.
Sadbhavana Diwas or Harmony Day is celebrated on August 20 each year all over India to commemorate the birth anniversary of the former Prime Minister of India named Rajiv Gandhi.
Sadbhavana meaning - having good feelings for others.
On this day, Rajiv Gandhi Sadbhavana Award is presented to commemorate the contribution made by Rajiv Gandhi for promoting the communal hormony, peace and national integration.
Gopalkrishna Gandhi was declared as the winner of Rajiv Gandhi Sadbhavana Award for the year 2018. He is a retired IAS officer and was 22nd Governer of West Bengal served from 2004 to 2009.
This is the 24th edition of Rajiv Gandhi National Sadhavana Award.
The campaign launched on World Humanitarian Day is "#NotATarget".
The day was designated by the UN General Assembly to commemorate the 19 August 2003 bombing of the United Nations headquarters in Baghdad, Iraq.
On 15th of August in 1947, India got freedom from the British rule after long years of slavery.
President of India gives a speech every year in order to 'Address to the Nation' on the evening of a day before the Independence Day.
On 15th August, the Prime Minister of India hoists the Indian flag on the Red Fort, Delhi. After the flag hoisting, National Anthem song is sung and twenty-one gun shots are fired to salute and honour the Indian flag and solemn occasion.
What does the three colours of the Indian National Flag signify?
♦ Saffron refers to the strength and courage of the country;
♦ White signifies peace and truth.
♦ Green color is symbolic of the fertility of the land.
The tricolour flag was adapted as the Indian National Flag on July 22, 1947.
Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India is also the longest reigning Prime Minister of the country with 16 years and 286 days at the office.
The theme for International Youth Day (IYD) 2018 is - 'Safe Spaces for Youth'. The first International Youth Day was observed on 12 August, 2000.
Two Canadian filmmakers Michael Clark and Patricia Sims, as well as Sivaporn Dardarananda, the Secretary-General of Thailand’s Elephant Reintroduction Foundation created the World Elephant Day in 2011, and it was held on August 12, 2012.
On Global Tiger Day, July 29, India post released a special cover in order to promote tiger reservation at Bandipur. In all, 6,500 covers have been printed and will be made available to the public at a cost of Rs. 25 each.
International Tiger Day is held annually on 29 July. It is an annual celebration to raise awareness for tiger conservation. It was created in 2010 at the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit.
On Kargil Vijay Diwas, President Ram Nath Kovind, Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu and Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid homage to the martyrs of Kargil.
Defence minister Nirmala Sitharaman and Army chief General Bipin Rawat, Naval chief Admiral Sunil Lanba and Air Chief Marshal Birender Singh Dhanoa laid wreaths and paid rich tributes to the martyrs on the 19th anniversary of Kargil Vijay Diwas at the Amar Jawan Jyoti, New Delhi.
26th July marks the victory of Indian forces over Pakistan in the hills of Kargil. Kargil Vijay Diwas is named after the success of Operation Vijay in 1999. On that day every Indian acknowledges the efforts and gallantry of the Armed Forces.
Every year, July 11, is celebrated as World Population Day, to raise awareness about global population-related issues. The theme for 2018 World Population Day is 'Family Planning is a Human Right'.
This day was celebrated for the first time in the year 1989.
According to the United Nations World Population Day webpage, this year marks the 50th anniversary of the 1968 International Conference on Human Rights, where family planning was, for the first time, globally affirmed to be a human right.
The theme for the 2018 International Day of Co-operatives is "sustainable consumption and production of goods and services".
On December 16, 1992, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed in resolution 47/90 "the first Saturday of July 1995 to be International Day of Cooperatives, marking the centenary of the establishment of the International Cooperative Alliance".
July 7 is also celebrated as Global Forgiveness Day, Chocolate Day.
Zoonosis is derived from the Greek words zoon 'animal' and nosos 'ailment'. It describes the process whereby an infectious disease is transmitted between species, from animals to humans.
Approximately 150 zoonotic diseases are known to exist.
World Zoonoses Day is observed on July 6 every year to create awareness among the people for zoonotic diseases.
The most common zoonotic diseases:
♦ Cat Scratch Fever
On July 4, 2018, the United States of America celebrated its 242nd Independence Day, the day marking its independence from Great Britain after the American Revolutionary War.
The Philippines also celebrates July 4 as its Republic Day to commemorate that day in 1946 when it ceased to be a U.S. territory and the United States officially recognized Philippine Independence.
The General Assembly of United Nations has decided to observe 26 June as the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking. It is to express its determination to strengthen action and cooperation to achieve the goal of an international society free of drug abuse.
The theme for 2018 is "Listen First - Listening to children and youth is the first step to help them grow healthy and safe."
Recently, India hosted the World Environment Day on June 5, 2018. The theme was ‘Beat Plastic Pollution’.
On that occasion, Prime Minister Narendra Modi made a high-profile pledge that India would do away with all the single-use plastics by 2022.
The ban on plastics Maharashtra, after 3 months of notice, is an extreme measure as it supports the goal.
Music lovers all across the globe celebrate World Music Day on June 21 every year.
The day is also known as Fete de la Musique after a music festival that began in France in 1982.
To mark the day, around 150 artists from over 16 countries, including France, USA, Nepal, Spain, Italy, Thailand and India, will be performing at multiple venues across the city of Udaipur this year.
Today, 4th International Yoga Day is celebrated across the world.
On December 11, the United Nations General Assembly declared June 21 as International Day Yoga.
800 differently-abled persons from across the country attempted Guinness World Record in Ahmedabad for 'Largest Silent Yoga Class' on International Yoga Day 2018.
The theme for Yoga Day 2018 is "Yoga for Peace."
Every year, World Refugee Day is held on 20th June to commemorate the strength, courage and perseverance of millions of refugees.
The theme for World Refugee Day 2018 is ‘Now More Than Ever, We Need to Stand with Refugees’.
World Refugee Day was established by the United Nations on December 4, 2000.
International Picnic Day was observed all over the world on June 18.
June 18 is also celebrated as:
National Splurge Day
National Go Fishing Day
International Panic Day
International Sushi Day
Clean Your Aquarium Day
National Cherry Tart Day
On June 17, 2018, Google celebrated Father's Day across India with a playful yet symbolic doodle.
The doodle shows colorful hand prints that closely resemble a dinosaurs family or two.
Last year, Google celebrated the day with an animated cacti doodle showing the various roles a father plays in a family.
This day was first observed in the United States in 1908 and is now celebrated on different days in many countries.
World Blood Donor Day is being observed on June 14 across the globe.
The day is celebrated each year on 14 June across. It is also a day to thank voluntary, unpaid blood donors for their life-saving gifts of blood.
The day also strongly encourages more people to donate blood so that the donor population does not decline and patients requiring transfusion have timely access to safe blood.
The World Day against Child Labour was observed across the world on June 12, 2018, with an aim to raise awareness against child labor.
The theme of World Day against Child Labour 2018 was ‘Generation Safe & Healthy’.
There are 541 million young workers (15-24 years old) globally.
They account for more than 15 percent of the world’s labor force and suffer up to a 40 percent higher rate of non-fatal occupational injuries.
Over 73 million children are in hazardous work and almost half of the 152 million children aged 5 to 17 are still into child labor.
The World Oceans Day was observed across the world on June 8, 2018, to highlight the major role of the oceans in everyday life.
The action focus for the 2018 World Oceans Day was ‘preventing plastic pollution and encouraging solutions for a healthy ocean’.
The agenda also coincided with the theme of 2018 World Environment Day –‘Beat Plastic Pollution’.
Plastic pollution is causing tremendous harm to the marine resources:
Around 80 percent of all pollution in the ocean comes from people on land.
There are 8 million tonnes of plastic ends up in the ocean every year, causing damage to wildlife, fisheries, and tourism.
The Plastic pollution costs the lives of 1 million seabirds and 100000 marine mammals per year.
The ‘Fishes eat plastic, and we eat the fish’.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed the global celebrations of World Environment Day 2018 on 05th June in New Delhi.
Prime Minister also visited the exhibition set up on the occasion, themed 'Beat Plastic Pollution'. India was the global host nation for the 43rd edition of this event.
Environment Ministers, representatives from United Nations and members from various industry bodies were among the various dignitaries who attended the event.
World Environment Day is organized around a theme that focuses attention on a particularly pressing environmental concern.
The theme for 2018, “Beat Plastic Pollution,” to combat one of the great environmental challenges of our time.
The theme makes changes in our everyday lives to reduce the heavy burden of plastic pollution on our natural places, our wildlife, and our own health. While plastic has many valuable uses, we have become over-reliant on single-use or disposable plastic with severe environmental consequences.
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development states our resolve “to ensure the lasting protection of the planet and its natural resources”.
In particular, Goals 14 and 15 focus on protecting underwater and on land ecosystems, as well as on sustainably using marine and terrestrial resources.
On June 3, 2018, the first official World Bicycle Day was celebrated.
Vice-President Venkaiah Naidu flagged off a mega cycling event in New Delhi.
New Delhi is one of the three cities in the world where major events are being organized to mark the day. Berlin & New York are the other two places.
The day is celebrated to raise awareness about the multiple societal benefits of using the bicycle for transport and leisure.
The day, which is celebrated for the first time this year, was approved on 12 April 2018 as an official United Nations day.
Every year, on 31 May, World Health Organization and partners mark World No Tobacco Day (WNTD).
The theme of World No Tobacco Day 2018 is "Tobacco and heart disease."
The day highlights the health and other risks associated with tobacco use, and advocating for effective policies to reduce tobacco consumption.
The Anti Terrorism Day is observed on 21 May every year in our country to make the people aware of the anti-social act of terrorism and its impact on human suffering and lives.
The official announcement of National Anti Terrorism Day was made after the assassination of India's seventh Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi on 21 May 1991.
He was killed in Tamil Nadu in a campaign by the terrorist.
Then, under V.P. Singh government the center has decided to observe 21st May as Anti Terrorism Day.
The International Day of Families is observed on the 15th of May every year.
In 1993, the General Assembly of United Nations decided that 15 May of every year should be observed as The International Day of Families.
This day provides an opportunity to promote awareness of issues relating to families and to increase the knowledge of the social, economic and demographic processes affecting families.
This year (2018), the theme for the event is ‘Families and inclusive societies’.
International Nurses Day (IND) is celebrated every year all around the world on 12th of May to commemorate the birth anniversary of the Florence Nightingale and to mark the nurse's contributions towards people’s health.
The International Council of Nurses (ICN) chosen the theme “Nurses A Voice to Lead – Health is a Human right” for IND 2018.
Nurses Day was first proposed by the Dorothy Sutherland in the year 1953 and first proclaimed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
It was first celebrated by ICN in the year 1965.
National technology day is being observed on May 11 to mark India's technological advancements and to promote the development of technology in various fields.
The official theme for this year is Science and Technology for a sustainable future".
The day is being commemorated to celebrate the anniversary of first five nuclear test.
India also conducted successful test firing of Trishul missile on may 11, 1998.
World Intellectual Property Day is celebrated on 26th of April to learn about the role that intellectual property rights (patents, trademarks, industrial designs, copyright) play in encouraging innovation and creativity.
The theme for WIPD 2018 is 'Powering change: Women in innovation and creativity'.
The nation celebrates the National Panchayati Raj Diwas (24th Aril) as this date marks a defining moment in the history of decentralization of political power to the grassroots level.
Activities of PM Modi on NPRD 2018:
Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited Mandla in Madhya Pradesh on the National Panchayati Raj Day. He launched the Rashtriya Gramin Swaraj Abhiyan, at a public meeting, and addressed Panchayati Raj representatives across the country, from Mandla.
The Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 that came into force with effect from 24th April 1993 has institutionalized Panchayati Raj through the village, Intermediate and District level Panchayats.
The impact of the 73rd Amendment in rural India is very visible as it has changed power equations irreversibly.
Accordingly, the Government of India decided in consultation with the States to celebrate 24th April as National Panchayati Raj Day. Ministry of Panchayati Raj organizes National Conference on 24th April every year to commemorate the National Panchayati Raj Diwas.
World Book and Copyright Day is celebrated globally this year on 23 April to provide the people with many ideas and plans to make them aware of the situation and condition in the World.
The World Book Capital for 2018 is Athens, Greece.
23 April is a symbolic date for world literature. It is on this date in 1616 that Cervantes, Shakespeare and Inca Garcilaso de la Vega all died.
It is also the date of birth or death of other prominent authors.
The World Earth Day (WED) is celebrated on 22nd April not only to spread awareness of the need for conservation but also to take action to protect the environment. Earth Day is considered to be the largest secular world event.
This day was first celebrated on April 22, 1970 and has ever since been an annual event.
The theme for World Earth Day 2018 is 'End Plastic Pollution'.
Earth Day 2018 is dedicated to providing the information and inspiration needed to fundamentally.
Every year, 18th April is celebrated Worldwide as World Heritage Day to create awareness about Heritage among communities.
This year the theme is 'Heritage for Generations'.
The theme emphasizes on the inter-generational transfer of knowledge.
In India, World heritage day will be celebrated at National Rail Museum, New Delhi.
There are total 36 world heritage sites in India, as designated by UNESCO.
Every April 17 World Haemophilia Day is recognized worldwide to increase awareness of hemophilia and other inherited bleeding disorders.
The theme of WHD 2018 is 'Sharing Knowledge Makes Us Stronger'.
World Haemophilia Day was started in 1989 by the World Federation of Hemophilia (WFH) which chose to bring the community together on April 17 in honor of WFH founder Frank Schnabel’s birthday.
The National Safe Motherhood is celebrated on April 11th every year to create awareness on proper healthcare and maternity celebrities to pregnant and lactating women,
It also seeks to create awareness about the institutional delivery, reducing anemia among women and better pre and postal natal health care and necessary for mothers.
The theme of 2018 NSMD was "Respectful Maternity Care".
The World Health Day is a global health awareness day organized globally on 6th April.
World Health Day is one of the eight official health campaigns which are marked by the World Health Organization.
With an aim to spread awareness about health and well being, the first-ever World Health Day was observed in 1948 by the WHO.
The theme of World Health Day is Universal health coverage: everyone, everywhere.
The slogan is “Health for All”.
Each year we commemorate World Tuberculosis Day on March 24 to raise public awareness about the devastating health, social and economic consequences of tuberculosis (TB) and to step up efforts to end the global TB epidemic.
The date marks the day in 1882 when Dr. Robert Koch announced that he had discovered the bacterium that causes TB.
The theme of World TB Day 2018 - “Wanted: Leaders for a TB-free world”.
Telangana government has declared a special casual leave to all the women employees in the state on March 8, 2018, on the occasion of International Women’s Day.
International Women’s Day is celebrated every year on March 8. It is also known as the United Nations (UN) Day for Women’s Rights and International Peace.
The first national women’s day was held in New York in 1909 on February 28 and was organized by the Socialist Party of America.