18 hours ago
World Photography Day is an annual, worldwide celebration of the art, craft, science, and history of photography. World Photography Day signifies about the photography event in the world.
Early 19th century, photography has become an ever-increasing medium of personal expression and appreciation for countless people around the world.A photograph the ability to capture a place; an experience; an idea; a moment in time. Photographs can convey a feeling faster than, and sometimes even more effectively than words can. A photograph can make the viewer see the world the way the photographer. Photographs even transcend the passing of time - a photo from a hundred years ago can still be as appreciated now as. A photo can still by others in a hundred years time.
World Photo Day originates from the invention of the Daguerreotype, a photographic process developed by Frenchmen Louis Daguerre and Joseph Nicephore Niepce in 1837.
The Daguerreotype wasn’t the first permanent photographic image. In 1826, Niepce captured the earliest known permanent photograph known as “View from the Window at Le Gras” using a process called heliography.
The first durable color photograph was taken by Thomas Sutton in 1861. It was a set of three black-and-white photographs taken through red, green and blue filters. However, the photographic emulsions then in use were insensitive to the spectrum, so the result was very imperfect.
World Photo Day hosted its first global online gallery. There are 270 photographers shared their pictures and people from over 100 countries visited the website.
22 hours ago
World Humanitarian Day (WHO) is observed every year on 19 August. The main aim is to pay tribute to aid workers who risk their lives in humanitarian crises around the world.
The theme of 2019 WHD campaign is #WomenHumanitarians On World
The contribution of thousands of women humanitarian aid workers who provide life-saving support to vulnerable people caught up in crises in some of the world’s most dangerous places.
History of the Day
When the UN headquarters in Baghdad was targeted by a large terrorist truck bomb, killing 22 people, including Sergio Vieira de Mello, the UN’s top representative in Iraq.
The focus is to salute the efforts of women humanitarian workers across the world who rally to people in need and are often the first to respond and the last to leave.
Around 4,500 aid workers of all genders have been killed, injured, detained, assaulted or kidnapped while carrying out their work.
The UN emphasizes that under international law, all humanitarian workers must be safeguarded.
As part of this year’s WHD commemorations, the UN and partners are launching the #WomenHumanitarians global campaign to pay special tribute to and raise support for the work women do to save lives and alleviate human suffering.
The dedication of these women to help the world’s most vulnerable people is admirable, particularly those women who are often the first to respond in their communities when faced with a crisis.
August 15, 2019
India celebrates its 73rd Independence Day on 15 August, 2019. The Day is celebrated every year. On August 15, 1947, India gained its power and became an independent nation. The Day will be celebrated by colors and various events across the country. The President Ram Nath Kovind will deliver the address to the nation on the Independence Day event. The tricolour flag is hoisted by the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi.
In J&K Indian flag will be hoisted on 73rd Independence Day of India for the first time. Centre has announced this event as "Jashn-e-Azad".
The British rule began in 1757. The East India Company then took control in India, for almost 100 years, till 1857. British crown dethroned the East India Company during the Indian Mutiny in 1857-58. In the 19th Century, the Indian Independence movement was started. It was led by Mahatma Gandhi. He fought through various movements like method of nonviolent, non-cooperation movement which was followed by Civil Disobedience movement.
In 1946, the British govt. underwent capital loss during World War II. The British Labour Government then planned to end their rule over India. The then British Prime Minister Clement Atlee announced that the British rule in India would end by 30 June, 1948 and the powers would be transferred to responsible Indian hands. The Muslim league demanded for the partition of the country.
But, on the midnight of 14-15 August, 1947, the British rule came to an end and power was transferred to the two new independent Dominions of India and the Pakistan.
August 14, 2019
Organ donation day is observed on 13 August. This day mainly aims to motivate people to donate their healthy and precious organs after death to save lives. As per the National Health Portal, 500,000 people die due to non-availability of organs. Organ donation day tries to spread information and make people aware of organ donation. The main aim is to eliminate the myths and fears people have in their minds about organ donation. Organ donation can be life-changing.
Importance of Organ Donation Day 2019:
A donor can initiate to donate organs like the heart, liver, intestines, kidneys, lungs and pancreas after his or her death.The national guidelines, anyone can be an organ donor irrespective of age, caste, religion, and community. The organ donation day urges people to communities to come forth and donate organs to save precious lives. There is no defined age for organ donation is based on strict medical criteria. After organ failure, vital organs like the heart, liver, intestines, kidneys, lungs, and pancreas can be transplanted into the patient to help the recipient lead a normal life.
August 13, 2019
Founder of ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) and Father of the Indian Space Program, Vikram Sarabhai’s 100th birth anniversary observed across the country.
He established Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) in Ahmedabad on 11 November 1947 & Indian National Committee for Space Research in 1962.
He founded the Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Ahmedabad, Center for Environmental Planning and Technology(CEPT) and the Nehru Foundation for Development (NFD) in Ahmedabad. He also served as chairman of India’s Atomic Energy Commission.
ISRO launched the Chandrayaan-2 mission having lander called Vikram to honour the late Dr. Vikram Sarabhai that is scheduled to touch down on the lunar surface on September 7, 2019.
List of Awards received
In 1966, he received the Padma Bhushan.In 1972, was conferred the Padma Vibhushan posthumously.In 1973, a crater on the moon was named after him i.e. “Sarabhai”. It is located on the Mare Serenitatis, in the northeast quadrant of the Moon.For 2019, Dr. Sarabhai’s doodle was created by Mumbai-based artist Pavan Rajurkar.On August 12, 2019, To commemorate the birth centenary of Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, ISRO has launched year-long programs and functions (include science and space exhibitions, competitions for school children, journalism awards and speeches by eminent personalities), that will end on 12th August 2020. The inaugural function for the same has been organized at Gujarat University Convention Hall in Ahmedabad, Gujarat while valedictory function for the year-long program was held at Thiruvananthapuram. The unique “Space on Wheels” exhibition inside the bus also inaugurated on this auspicious occasion along with the unveiling of a commemorative coin. ISRO released a Coffee Table Book and a photo album of on life and work of Dr. Vikram Sarabhai.
August 13, 2019
World Elephant Day is celebrated to create awareness and bring attention to the urgent plight (dangerous situation) of Asian and African elephants. The day was first launched on August 12, 2012.
Human activities like poaching, human-elephant conflict, and mistreatment in captivity have become a great threat to both African and Asian elephants’ survival.
The African elephants are listed as ‘vulnerable’ and Asian elephants are listed as ‘Endangered’ on the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) red list of threatened species.
Singapore announced on World elephant day that ivory sales will be banned from the country from 2021.
The announcement followed two years of consultation with non Government groups, ivory retailers and public.
Last month, the authorities seized their largest ivory ever weighing 9tonnes of contraband tusks from 300 African elephants valued at $12.9 million which was discovered in a container from the Democratic Republic of Congo being shipped to Vietnam via Singapore. It also included pangolin scales in the huge stash. All forms of ivory products are banned since 1990. Traders can, however, sell ivory only if they prove that the ivories they sell were acquired prior to the ban by the govt. The national parks in Singapore ban elephant ivory and products with effect from September 1, 2021.
August 13, 2019
The International Youth Day was observed on 12 August 2019. The day is observed every year. The Day was first instituted by UN General Assembly in 1999. The day celebrates the role of young women and men as essential partners in change. The days aims to create opportunities to the youth to raise awareness of challenges and problems facing the world’s youth.
The theme of the day was Transforming education. The day highlights efforts to make education more inclusive and accessible for all youth, including efforts by youth themselves. Goal 4 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.
An UN report said that among the 1.8 billion young people (aged between 10 and 24) in the world, more than half of all children (aged 6-14) lack basic reading and math skills. This threatens the progress towards the SDGs. Therefore, on this day, the United Nation tried to put an emphasis on making education more relevant to everyday problems so that the youth will be more involved in the process.
The Indian government also ensured that young minds explore and tap their full potential. On this day, the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports conferred the National Youth Awards on individuals and organisations. The award was distributed by Minister for Youth Affairs & Sports Shri Kiren Rijiju. The award was conferred upon 20 individuals and 3 organizations.
The award comprises of:
♦ For individual:
A medal, a certificate and a cash prize of Rs.50,000.
♦ For youth organisation:
Cash prize of Rs.2,00,000, a medal and a certificate.
The award recognises the excellent work and contribution of youth in the fields of development and social service, such as health, promotion of human rights, active citizenship, community service etc. It also motivates the young persons, aged between 15-29 years, to achieve excellence in the field of national development and social service. It also recognises the outstanding work done by voluntary organizations working with the youth for national development including social service.
Photo Exhibition: The Ministry also conducted a Photo Exhibition on China through Eyes of Indian Youth - 2019. The photos taken by youth delegates who participated in the recent Youth Exchange Program to China were exposed in the exhibition.
August 9, 2019
United Nations observes 9th August every year as International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples. The day is celebrated to raise awareness of the needs of these population groups. This year’s observance is dedicated to Indigenous Peoples’ Languages in view of 2019 being marked as the International Year of Indigenous Languages.
The 2019 Theme is Indigenous Languages.This year’s observance is dedicated to Indigenous Peoples’ Languages in view of 2019 being marked as the International Year of Indigenous Languages.
August 7, 2019
The National Handloom Day is observed on 7th August every year. To mark the occasion, the nation holds a function at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi. The function will be presided by the Union Minister of Textiles and Women and Child Development, Smriti Zubin Irani. The Day is observed at Weavers’ Service Centres in different States.
Odisha's rich tradition:
The main events are to be held in Bhubaneswar, Odisha. Bhubaneswar has been chosen for its rich tradition of Handlooms.
The Day aims to honour the Indian handloom weavers and also highlight India's handloom industry. It also aims to empower women and girls as they are the majority total weavers population of India. The day focuses on the contribution of handloom to the socio economic development of the country. It seeks to increase the income of weavers.
Ministry of Textiles:
Headquarters: New Delhi
Minister responsible: Smriti Zubin Irani
The Ministry regulates and formulates all the policies and promotion of the textile industry in India.
August 6, 2019
Lalit Kala Akademi celebrated its 65th Foundation Day. This event took place at the Lalit Kala Art Galleries of Rabindra Bhawan, New Delhi. Shri Prahlad Singh Patel, Minister of State (Independent Charge), Ministry of Culture & Tourism, Govt. of India, inaugurated. The Government of India and Ministry of Culture applaud the Akademi for the efforts for the modern and contemporary Indian art .
He believed we should work together in order to achieve whatever aims and purposes the Akademi has for the arts.He also mentioned about the ongoing Cultural Mapping project by the Ministry of Culture.The 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi in 2019 the programme began with a musical bhajan presentation followed by the felicitation of the Chief Guest and Guests of Honour of the event The members of Akademi’s General Council were also felicitated on this occasion.
The ceremony witnessed the gracious presence of the Chairman, National Monument Authority, Shri Tarun Vijay and Director General, NGMA, Shri Adwait Gannayak.The heartfelt happiness and gratitude, LKA Chairman, Uttam Pacharne reiterated the glorious history and journey of the Akademi and congratulated the Akademi team, artists, and eminent personalities of the art fraternity. The Akademi entered its 65th year s thid year will be dedicated to the women artists of India.
The 65th Foundation Day, the Akademi has organized various events including a Women-Artists Camp and an exhibition of eminent women artists’ paintings from Akademi’s permanent collection. The participating artists in the women's camp include Sonal Varshneya, Gauri Vemula, Sujata Achrekar, Dr. Neeta Yogendra Pahariya and others. Eminent artist Ravinder Salve is the convener for the programme. The exhibition from LKA permanent collection exhibits famous women artists including Arpita Singh, Gogi Saroj Pal, Madhvi Parekh, Zarina Hashmi and others.
The Akademi has also put on display a unique exhibition of post-cards dedicated to the Indian Armed Forces. The exhibition showcases over 500 painted postcards and have been curated by artist-critic Bhupendra Kumar Asthana and his NGO called Saprem Foundation.
August 5, 2019
World Breastfeeding Week is celebrated from August 1 to 7
Theme: Empower Parents. Enable Breastfeeding
Main aim: To encourage breastfeeding and improve the health of babies across the globe.
About 60% of the world’s total infants are missing out of the recommended six months of exclusive breastfeeding.
Breastfeeding Week - Importance
The World Health Organisation (WHO) announced that newborn baby the right to good nutrition according to the Convention on the Rights of the Child.As per the data collected by the United Nations Globally in 2016 around 41 million children are obese in the world while 155 million children. Breastfeeding reduces the risk of developing breast cancer, ovarian cancer around type 2 diabetes and heart diseases.
It prevents infections like early-stage diarrhea and acute respiratory infections. Increased breastfeeding could avert 20,000 maternal deaths each year due to breast cancer.
Breastfeeding week - India
Food and Nutrition Board under the Ministry of Women and Child Development is organizing a number of activities in the country. Quiz competition is conducted across 30 States and Union Territories. The various concerned departments are also organizing exhibitions on nutrition, displaying low-cost nutritious diets for infants and young children.
July 31, 2019
The birth anniversary of Munshi Premchand, a great novelist and storyteller, is celebrated on 31 July every year. Premchand's stories confront the truth of the society and underlines the importance of truth, justice and loyalty. His stories aimed to create awareness among the public about national and social issues.
Premchand was born on 31st July 1880 in Lamhi Village near Varanasi. Munshi has written more than 250 short stories, number of essays and novels under the name Premchand.
Godaan is his last and most popular novel. He wrote it in 1936. Premchand's works were a reflection of the reality in society tells the problems of the poor and the urban middle-class.
Premchand had a rationalist approach towards religion. The writer largely influenced by Mahatma. He brought to light some of the most prominent problems faced by the country at the time. Premchand was a teacher for many years and he joined the non-cooperation movement led by Mahatma Gandhi in the 1920. Due to recurring illness, he passed away on October 8, 1936.
Most of his writing are under the topic like corruption, child widowhood, prostitution, feudal system, poverty, colonialism. His famous writing are Premashram, Nirmala, Karmabhumi, Rangabhumi, Kafan, Godaan.
July 29, 2019
World Hepatitis Day was observed on 28 July every year. The Day aims to raise awareness about the disease which causes inflammation of the liver. The day has been observed since 2010. Study says that the disease claims around 1.4 million lives every year. In 2004, the Patient groups of European and Middle Eastern observed the day as International Hepatitis C Awareness Day. The first World Hepatitis Day was observed in 2008. It was declared by the World Hepatitis Alliance. But in May 2010, the World Health Assembly changed the day to 28 July.
A study by the World Health Organization (WHO) said that the second major killer infectious disease is Hepatitis, first being tuberculosis.
The 2019 theme for the day is 'Invest in eliminating hepatitis'. The theme is fixed by the World Health Organization every year. This year the World Hepatitis Day was hosted by Pakistan. All the global events related to the day were held in Islamabad on 27-28 July, 2019.
Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition caused by the viral infection caused in liver. The disease is also caused by the use of drugs, toxins, alcohol. Hepatitis is preventable and treatable. Nearly 80% of the people who are affected by Hepatitis still lack prevention, testing, and treatment services. Hepatitis is of A,B,C,D,E types.
July 29, 2019
International Tiger Day was observed on 29 July. The day was first established in 2010 at the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit held at Russia. In the summit, a declaration was made that the tiger populated countries would double the tiger population by 2020.
The day aims to raise awareness for the conservation of tiger conservation. It promotes a worldwide system that aims to protect the national habitats of tigers and raise public awareness regarding tiger conservation issues.
A study by the World Wildlife Federation (WWF) said that since the beginning of the 20th century, there are only 3,900 wild tigers left in the world. It also said that around 95% of the world's wild tiger population has disappeared.
The countries with large number of tiger includes India, Thailand, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, and Vietnam.
Tigers in India:
There are 2,967 tigers in India. The major four reasons for the decrease in number of the tigers in India are:
♦ habitat destruction
♦ man-animal conflict
♦ diminishing prey base
These factors threaten the future of tigers in India.
Various world wildlife of tigers from totally disappearing from the world. These organisation also take efforts to improve and increase the number of the tigers.
July 24, 2019
The first-ever radio broadcast in the country went on air from the Bombay Station. It is under the then private company, the Indian Broadcasting Company (IBC)
This event happened on 23rd July 1927.
Radio broadcasting began in the year 1923 It is under radio club of Bombay initiative.All India radio is officially known as Akasha Vani .It is since 1956.It is a division of Prasar Bharati. It was established in the year 1930.
Prasar Bharati is India’s largest public broadcasting agency. It is a statutory autonomous body set up by an Act of parliament and compromises the Doordarshan Television Network which was earlier media units of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
July 16, 2019
The French government celebrated the National Day on 14 July. The day is also known as Bastille Day. The day marks the anniversary of storming of the Bastille prison took place in Paris on 14 July 1789. On this day the French people wear blue, white and red, "tricolore" clothes or make-up and sing the French anthem.
New Military Space:
On this Day the French President Emmanuel Macron announced that the nation is to create a new national military space force command that would eventually be part of the country's air force.
French National Day:
Bastille was a prison that symbolizes of the absolute and arbitrary power of Louis the 16th's Ancient Regime. The people captured the symbol and signaled the king that his power was no longer absolute; power should be based on the Nation and be limited by a separation of powers.
The Bastille Day is a turning point of the French Revolution, that happened from 5 May 1789 - 9 Nov 1799. It is celebrated as the creation of the Sovereign Nation First Republic of France in 1792.
President of France: Emmanuel Macron
Prime Minister: Édouard Philippe
Currency: Euro, CFP Franc
Official language: French
July 16, 2019
The United Nations observed 15 July as World Youth Skills Day. The Day was introduced by the UN at its General Assembly in November 2014. It was co-organised by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the Permanent Missions of Portugal and Sri Lanka to the UN, the Office of the Secretary-General Special Envoy on Youth and the International Labour Organization (ILO).
The Day is to raise awareness about the importance of youth skills development. The 2019 theme for the day is Learning to learn for life and work. On this Day UN is to focus on the mechanisms needed to operationalize lifelong learning.
Out of global population nearly 16%, that is 1.2 billion, young people are aged 15 to 24 years. The active engagement of youth is necessary to achieve sustainable, inclusive and stable societies and to averting the challenges and threats to sustainable development, including the impacts of climate change, unemployment, poverty, gender inequality, conflict, and migration.
July 14, 2019
West Bengal government observed Save Water Day on 12 July. The Day aims to raise awareness on conservation on water. West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee participated in a march on July 12.
March on 12 July:
West Bengal CM, the state cabinet members, government officials, intellectuals, including writers, actors and directors of Bengali film and theatre industry and sports personalities participated in the march. It started from Jorasanko Thakurbari, the ancestral home of Rabindra Nath Tagore in north Kolkata, to the Gandhi statue on Mayo Road, a distance of around 4 km.
The State government had dug nearly 1.5 lakh ponds in five years till 2016 in the state under the water conservation programme of 'Jal dharo Jal bharo'.
In West Bengal, many check dams have been constructed and irrigation canals have been rejuvenated to prevent floods and provide water during the period of scarcity.
July 12, 2019
World Population Day was observed on July 11. It is observed every year. The day focuses towards the urgency and the significance of issues related to population. The Day has been celebrated for nearly three decades now.
The Day brings the attention on the consequences of increasing population and how it affects the overall development plans and programmes.
Significance of the Day:
World Population Day is meant to raise awareness about solutions related to the issues of growing population. One of the greatest threat that growing population faces is the quick depletion of natural resources and the threat that it poses to sustainability.
On this day, every individual must realise the responsibility they have towards one another. Several organisations like International Organisations like United Nation Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA), governments and non-governmental organisations conducts educational activities and other events on this day.
The event was first suggested by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in 1989. Dr. K.C.Zachariah suggested the day in which population reached Five Billion when he worked as Senior Demographer at World Bank on 11 July 1987.
The total population in the world is 7.7 billion as per 1 July 2019. The list of top 10 highest populated countries is given below:
July 7, 2019
The World Zoonoses Day is observed on 6 July every year. The day is observed to create awareness on zoonotic diseases, how to prevent them and what actions should be take if it is exposed. Zoonotic diseases are worldwide.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that 61% of all human diseases are zoonotic in origin, while 75% of new diseases discovered in the last decade are zoonotic.
Zoonoses is a word derived from the Greek words zoon (animal) and nosos (ailment).
There about 150 known zoonotic diseases. The disease is all about spread of infectious disease between species, done by a vector from animals to humans and from human to other animals.
Zoonotic diseases: Prominent zoonotic diseases are tuberculosis, cat scratch fever, tick paralysis, roundworms, hookworms, scabies and rabies.
How does it spread? Persons who work with wildlife should be alert to the potential for disease transmission from animals. People can get infected by zoonotic diseases from contact with infected live poultry, reptiles, rodents, insects, amphibians and other domestic and wild animals.
Preventive measures: Good hand hygiene by washing hands with soap and clean water will prevent the disease. Preventive clothing for bites from mosquitoes, ticks and fleas. Food must be stored and handled safely and cook properly. Avoid bites and scratches from animals
July 3, 2019
World UFO Day is observed on July 2 every year.
The main objective of celebrating this day is to encourage the government to reveal their flies on UFO sightings and related information.
About World UFO Day
It is a day awareness day for people to gather together and watch the skies for unidentified flying objects.
The day is celebrated by some on June 24 and July 2.
June 24 is the date that aviator Kenneth Arnold is generally considered to be the first widely reported unidentified flying object sightings in the United States.
July 2 which remembers the supposed UFO crash in the 1947 Roswell UFO Incident.
July 2, 2019
National Doctor's Day was observed on 1 July. The day is celebrated to honour Dr Bidhan Chandra Roy and his remarkable contributions as a physician. National Doctor’s Day is an opportunity to the people to express their gratitude towards Doctors. The day is celebrated by organising several events and activities in the honour of doctors.
On this day free medical checkups and camps are organised at healthcare centres in order to promote free of cost medical services. Discussion programs are organised across the country on July 1 to make people aware about the importance of regular medical check-ups, prevention, diagnosis and proper, timely treatment.
The theme of Doctor’s Day 2019 is “Zero tolerance to violence against doctors and clinical establishment”. Indian Medical Association announced the theme. The theme will raise awareness about the violence happening with the doctors across India.
Doctor's Day in India was established by the Government of India in 1991. The day is meant to honour Dr Bidhan Chandra Roy. It was established by the Central Government, to pay respect and honour Dr Bidhan Chandra Roy.
Dr Bidhan was not only a highly respected physician, he was also a renowned freedom fighter. He was born on July 1 1882 and passed away on July 1 1962. He was elected twice as the Chief Minister of West Bengal and stayed in officer for as many as 14 years.
Bidhan was alumnus of University of Calcutta. He played a crucial role in establishment of Indian Medical Association and Medical Council of India. Feb 4 1961, Dr Bidhan was honoured with Bharat Ratna, which is known to be India's highest civilian award.
June 30, 2019
The United Nations observe 29 June as International Day of the Tropics.
This day celebrates the extraordinary diversity of the tropics while highlighting unique challenges and opportunities the Tropical nations face.
The Tropics are a region of the Earth defined as the area between the tropic of Cancer and the tropic of Capricorn.
The other factors contribute to climatic variation, tropical locations are typically warm and experience little seasonal change in day-to-day temperature.
The important feature of the Tropics is the moist inner regions near the equator, and that the seasonality of rainfall increases with the distance from the equator.
The Tropics account for 40 percent of the world’s total surface area
They host to approximately 80 percent of the world’s biodiversity and much of its language and cultural diversity.
June 29, 2019
Statistics Day is observed on June 29th.
Its main aim is to popularize the use of Statistics in everyday life
They plan to sensitize the public where Statistics subject helps in shaping and framing policies.
The theme of 2019 Statistics Day is Sustainable Development Goals.
The day is celebrated on the birth anniversary of Prof. P C Mahalanobis for his invaluable contribution in establishing the National Statistical System.
Minister of Statistics and Program Implementation Rao Inderjit Singh chair the main function to be held in New Delhi.
The winner of Prof. C R Rao Award 2019 for notable contribution in the field of Statistics.
June 27, 2019
United Nations observe 27 June as the Micro, Small and Medium sized Enterprises Day.
Micro, small and Medium-sized businesses celebrated this day in recognition of their work in local and global economies.
These enterprises, which generally employ fewer than 250 persons are the backbone of most economies worldwide.
International Trade Center, United Nations launch its flagship report: “The SME Competitiveness Outlook 2019: Big money for small businesses”.
The General Assembly invites all Member States, organizations of the United Nations system and other international and regional organizations.
It includes non-governmental organizations, academia, individuals and other relevant stakeholders to observe the Day in an appropriate manner and in accordance with national priorities.
June 26, 2019
The International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking is observed on 26 June every year. It is a United Nations International Day against drug abuse and the illegal drug trade. It is observed since 1989. The day was instituted by General Assembly Resolution 42/112 of 7 December 1987.
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has set the theme for 2019 as 'Health for Justice. Justice for Health'. The theme highlights that justice and health are two sides of the same coin when it comes to addressing drug problems.
Effective responses to the world drug problem require inclusive and accountable institutions of criminal justice, health and social services to work hand in hand to provide integrated solutions, in line with the international drug control conventions, human rights obligations and the Sustainable Development Goals.
June 21, 2019
Nepal celebrates 5th International Day of Yoga. Government of Nepal planned to organize a yoga program in Kathmandu to celebrate the International Day of Yoga.
International Day of Yoga aims to raise awareness worldwide about the benefits of practicing yoga.
The 2019 Theme: Yoga for Climate Action.
Prime Minister of Nepal K. P. Sharma Oli as chief guest. Indian Ambassador Manjeev Singh Puri and other dignitaries will also attend the event.Janakpur city, a special programme organised early in the morning at the premises of famous Janaki temple.
A mass Yoga Utsav held in temple premises. The event organised by the Embassy of India in association with Janaki temple trust and Patanjali Yogpeeth Nepal.
Many government officials Governor and Chief Minister of Province 2, senior leaders from Center and Province 2 and officials of Indian Embassy Kathmandu and Consul General of India Birgunj join Yoga Day celebrations.
Patanjali Yogpeeth Nepal planned events in all seven provinces of Himalayan nation.Around two hundred programmes will be held in all 77 districts headquarters to celebrate International Day of Yoga.
India - Celebration of yoga
Prime Minister Narendra Modi led the nation in celebrating yoga day from Ranchi in Jharkhand.
The main function held at the Prabhat Tara ground in Ranchi.
Prime Minister insisted on integrating yoga with health schemes.
Government has integrated yoga with health and wellness to make it a pillar of preventive health care.
At Gujarat 1.51 crore people participated in the celebrations. Governor of Gujarat O.P. Kohli and Chief Minister Vijay Rupani. Prime Minister participated in the event through video conferencing early this morning.
Tamil Nadu, several programs were organised by Central Government offices, Central and state Government schools and yoga groups.
Currency: Nepalese rupee
Prime minister: KP Sharma Oli
June 20, 2019
World Refugee Day is observed on June 20 each year. The day is dedicated to raising awareness of the situation of refugees throughout the world. The theme for 2019 World Refugee day is #StepWithRefugees — Take A Step on World Refugee Day. The theme expects communities, schools, businesses, faith groups and people from all walks of life should take big and small steps in solidarity with refugees.
Refugee is a person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster.
The United Nations General Assembly decided that from 2000, 20 June would be celebrated as World Refugee Day. The General Assembly noted that 2001 marked the 50th anniversary of the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees.
Prior to 2000, the African Refugee Day had been formally celebrated in several countries. The Organization of African Unity (OAU) had agreed to decision of UN to observe the International Refugee Day coincide with Africa Refugee Day on 20 June.
UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR):
♦ Formed on: 14 December 1950
♦ Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
♦ High Commissioner for Refugees: Filippo Grandi
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, also known as the UN Refugee Agency, is a United Nations programme. It aim to protect refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people, and assist in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country.
June 17, 2019
World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought day is observed every year on June 17
The theme for this year is Let's grow the future together.
Aim: To promote public awareness of international efforts to combat desertification.
Land degradation neutrality is achieved through problem-solving, strong community involvement and cooperation at all levels.
United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres land degradation and drought are major threats affecting millions of people worldwide, particularly women and children.
Every year, the world loses 24 billion tons of fertile soil and dryland degradation reduces national domestic product in developing countries by up to 8 per cent annually.
Protecting and restoring land and better using it can reduce forced migration, improve food security and spur economic growth.
They can also help to address the global climate emergency.
To recognize the imperative of combating desertification as part of the efforts to achieve Sustainable Development Goals
About Minister for Environment, Forests and Climate Change
Headquarters: New Delhi
Annual budget: ₹2,675.42 crore
Minister responsible: Prakash Javadekar
June 16, 2019
June month is celebrated as the Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer or questioning (LGBTQ) Pride month all over the world. The LGBTQ pride month is celebrated to commemorate the anniversary of Stonewall riots at Stonewall Inn in New York, a gathering space for LGBTQ community during the 60s.
It provides role models, builds community, and represents a civil rights statement about the contributions of the LGBT community. The month is observed by United States, United Kingdom, Canada. LGBT History Month originated in the United States. It was first celebrated in 1994.
The commemoration of the month is to recognize the impact that lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender individuals have had on history locally, nationally, and internationally.
History: On June 28, 1969, police raided the inn, leading to the gay liberation movement in the US. 'Mother of Pride' Brenda Howard organised the first pride parade a year later.
June 14, 2019
The day is celebrated to raise awareness of the need for safe blood and blood products and to thank blood donors.
The theme is - Blood Donation and Universal Access to Safe Blood Transfusion
The main aim is to use as a component of achieving universal health coverage.
The theme encourages more people all over the world to become blood donors and donate blood regularly.
It is an important occasion for all governments, national health authorities and national blood services to provide adequate infrastructures to increase collection of blood from regular unpaid blood donors.
It helps to mobilize support at national, regional and global levels among governments and development partners to invest in, strengthen and sustain national blood programmes.
Blood is treating the wounded during emergencies like natural disasters, accidents and armed conflicts.
It is essential, life-saving role in maternal care.
About World Blood Donor Day
Countries around the world celebrate World Blood Donor Day on June 14.
Date: Friday, 14 June 2019
Observed by: All member states of the World Health Organization
June 13, 2019
International Albinism Awareness Day (IAAD) is celebrated on June 13 every year. The day aims to celebrate the human rights of persons with albinism worldwide.
The theme for 2019 for the day is Still Standing Strong. The theme aims to recognize, celebrate and stand in solidarity with albinism patients around the globe. It is a call for solidarity.
In mid 2000s there was a rising number of violent attacks on and murders of persons with albinism in Tanzania. Persons with albinism were accused to attribute magical powers and were motivated to use them for lucky charms and occult rituals. By 2015, perpetrators killed more than 70 victims and harmed many more. In response, the Tanzania Albinism Society (TAS) and other NGOs began campaigning for the human rights of persons with albinism.
On May 4, 2006, TAS celebrated the first Albino Day. From 2009 onward the day became National Albino Day and was eventually called National Albinism Day. On December 2014 the UN's General Assembly adopted a resolution 69/170 to proclaim, with effect from 13 June, 2015 as International Albinism Awareness Day.
What is Albinism?
Albinism is a congenital condition which is characterized by complete or partial lack of pigmentation in hair, skin and eyes. The condition can last for years or even a lifetime.
Symptoms: The symptoms for Albinism is: absence of color in the hair, skin, or eyes, lighter than normal coloring of the hair, skin, or eyes and patches of skin that have an absence of color. It is accompanied by a number of vision defects including nystagmus, amblyopia, and photophobia.
Treatment: Albinism can not be cured. But treatment can relieve symptoms and prevent sun damage. Treatment includes sunglasses to protect the eyes from the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays, protective clothing and sunscreen to protect the skin from UV rays, prescription eyeglasses to correct vision problems and surgery on the muscles of the eyes to correct abnormal eye movements.
June 12, 2019
International Labour Organization (ILO) started to celebrate World Day Against Child Labour in 2002
Aim: To focus attention on the global extent of child labour and the action and efforts needed to eliminate it.
The 2019 theme is Children shouldn’t work in fields, but on dreams!
The day brings government employers and workers organizations, civil society, as well as millions of people from around the world to highlight the plight of child labourers.
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by world leaders in 2015 to include a renewed global commitment to ending child labour.
Sustainable Development Goals and effective measures are take-ups in order to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour includes use of child labours by the year 2025 and to end child labour in all its forms.
ILO celebrates 100 years of advancing social justice.
The protection of children embedded in the ILO’s Constitution (Preamble). One of the first Conventions adopted by the ILO was on Minimum Age in Industry (No. 5, 1919).
8.7 target set by the international community calling for an end to child labour in all its forms by 2025.
About World Day Against Child Labour
Observances: UN, International Labour Organization
Called as: WDACL
Observed by: UN Members
June 8, 2019
World Oceans Day is celebrated on 8th June every year. The day was declared in 2008. June 8 was marked as it marks the day when it was first proposed in 1992 by Canada's International Centre for Ocean Development (ICOD) and the Ocean Institute of Canada (OIC) at the Earth Summit, UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The Conference supported the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 14 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.
The theme for the year 2019 is Gender and Oceans. The theme is to build greater ocean and gender literacy and to discover possible ways to promote gender equality in ocean-related activities such as marine scientific research, fisheries, labour at sea, migration by sea and human trafficking, as well as policy-making and management.
The importance of gender equality is being recognized increasingly for the effective conservation and sustainable use of oceans, seas, and marine resources. Yet very little data and researches are available on these issues. Serious action towards gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls is still needed in all ocean-related sectors to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 5.
María Fernanda Espinosa, the President of the General Assembly launched Play It Out which is a global campaign against plastic pollution. Decades of overuse of single-use plastics has caused a huge menace to the marine lives. 13,000,000 tonnes of plastic leak into the ocean every year which kills 100,000 marine animals annually.
While most plastics are expected to remain intact for decades or centuries after use. These plastics erode and ends up as micro-plastics, consumed by fish and other marine wildlife, quickly making their way into the global food chain.
June 6, 2019
Maharana Pratap Jayanti is observed on June 6. It is observed to commemorate the birth anniversary of the brave Rajput warrior Maharana Pratap. It was his 479th birth anniversary.
Maharana Pratap was the ruler of Mewar. He is the eldest son of Maharana Udai Singh and Maharani Jaiwanta Bai. Maharana Pratap is a symbol of Rajput valour, gallantry, and diligence. He fought against Mughal supremacy to free his homeland from their control.
Mewar is a province in modern-day Rajasthan. The province includes Bhilwara, Chittorgarh, Rajsamand, Udaipur, Pirawa (Jhalawar), Neemuch and Mandsaur in Madhya Pradesh, and some parts of Gujarat.
Some amazing facts of Maharana Pratap:
Maharana Pratap was one of the strongest warriors in India. He is of 7 feet 5 inches in height. He carried 360 kg of weight, which included a spear weighing 80 kg, two swords weighing 208 kg and his armour was around 72 kg heavy. His own weight was more than 110 kg.
He had 11 wives, 17 sons, and 5 daughters.
He didn't surrender to Akbar while all the other Rajput rulers surrendered and became members of his council.
Maharana Pratap bravely fought the Haldi Ghati Battle with an army of 22,000 against the Mughal army of 80,000. But he lost the war due to treachery by his brother.
Chetak, Maharana Pratap’s horse, is known for his loyalty to his master. The horse is said to have a tinge of blue on his coat. Chetak lost his life while jumping across a 21-feet wide river to save his master’s life.
Ramprasad, Maharana Pratap's elephant killed 2 war elephants of the Mughal army. Ramprasad was imprisoned by Akbar and refused to eat anything or drink and lost his life on the 18th day.
He died of an injury from the hunting accident while tightening the string of a bow with an arrow.
June 5, 2019
World Environment Day (WED) is celebrated on the 5th of June every year, and is the United Nation's principal vehicle for encouraging awareness and action for the protection of our environment.
First held in: 1974
The theme for 2019 is "Beat Air Pollution".
2019 host nation is China.
The theme for 2018 is "Beat Plastic Pollution". The host nation was India.
Air Pollution facts:
Approximately 7 million people worldwide die prematurely each year from air pollution, with about 4 million of these deaths occurring in Asia-Pacific.
June 4, 2019
The International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression is a United Nations observance each 4 June. In 1997 The General Assembly adopted the 51/77 Resolution on the Rights of the Child. It was established on 19 August 1982.
Originally focused on victims of the 1982 Lebanon War. A large number of innocent Lebanese and Palestinian children being the victims of the aggression acts by Israel’s. So, at its special emergency session on 19 August 1982, the members of the General Assembly of Palestine was shocked. Therefore, the assembly decided to celebrate 4th June as the International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression under the resolution ES-7/8.
UN's purpose expanded to acknowledge the pain suffered by children throughout the world who are the victims of physical, mental and emotional abuse. This day affirms the UN's commitment to protect the rights of children. It was a landmark development in efforts to improve the protection of children in conflict situations.
In recent years, the number of violations perpetrated against children have, in many conflict zones, increased. More needs to be done to protect the 250 million children living in countries and areas affected by conflict. More must be done to protect children from targeting by violent extremists, to promote international humanitarian and human rights law, and to ensure accountability for violations of the rights of children.
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development:
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development provides us with the universal masterplan to secure a better future for children. The new agenda included for the first time a specific target to end all forms of violence against children, and ending the abuse, neglect, and exploitation of children are mainstreamed across several other violence-related targets.
June 3, 2019
In April 2018, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) declared 3 June as International World Bicycle Day. The resolution for World Bicycle Day recognizes the uniqueness, longevity, and versatility of the bicycle, which has been in use for two centuries, and that it is a simple, affordable, reliable, clean and environmentally fit sustainable means of transportation.
2019 will be the second year when it will be celebrated after the UN General Assembly declared it in 2018 to acknowledge the uniqueness, longevity and the importance of the bicycle which is a simple, affordable, reliable and an environmentally friendly mode of transportation.
The day aims to promote the use of bicycles as a means of fostering sustainable development, strengthening education, including physical education, for children and young people, promoting health and tolerance, preventing disease, mutual understanding and respect, facilitating social inclusion and a culture of peace.
World Bicycle Day in India:
In India, Vice President of India Venkaiah Naidu had flagged off a cycling rally in Connaught Place in Delhi on the occasion of World Bicycle Day. It was also celebrated by cyclists in many other cities like Bengaluru and Mumbai.
June 3, 2019
Telangana Day is celebrated on June 2 each year from 2014 after its bifurcation from Andhra Pradesh.
This year marks the fifth Telangana State Formation Day.
It is the 29th state of the country after the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act was passed in the Parliament.
The celebrations are held in all the 30 districts of the state.
Telangana was officially formed on 2 June 2014.
The bill was introduced on 5 December 2013 in the Legislative Assembly of Andhra Pradesh.
The cabinet approved the formation of Telangana with ten districts.
The Bill Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 was passed in the Parliament of India in February 2014.
The bill received the assent of the President and published in the Gazette on 1 March 2014.
Telangana was created with 10 districts
Telangana is bordered by the states of:
Maharashtra to the north
Chhattisgarh and Karnataka to the west
Andhra Pradesh to the south and east
Founded on: 2 June 2014
Chief Minister: K.Chandrashekar Rao
June 1, 2019
World No Tobacco Day (WNTD) is observed around the world every year on 31 May. Every year the World Health Organization (WHO) and global partners celebrate World No Tobacco Day (WNTD).
The annual campaign is an opportunity to raise awareness on the harmful and deadly effects of tobacco use and second-hand smoke exposure, and to discourage the use of tobacco in any form. It is intended to encourage a 24-hour period of abstinence from all forms of tobacco consumption around the globe. It draws attention to the widespread prevalence of tobacco use and to negative health effects.
WNTD is one of eight official global public health campaigns marked by the WHO, along with World Health Day, World Blood Donor Day, World Immunization Week, World Tuberculosis Day, World Malaria Day, World Hepatitis Day, and World AIDS Day.
In 2019, WNTD focused on its theme on 'Tobacco and lung health'. The negative impact that tobacco has on people’s lung health, from cancer to chronic respiratory disease.
The tobacco epidemic is one of the biggest public health threats the world has ever faced, killing more than 8 million people a year. More than 7 million of those deaths are the result of direct tobacco use while around 1.2 million are the result of non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke.
Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them. More than 70 species of tobacco are known.
Dried tobacco leaves are mainly used for smoking in cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and flavored shisha tobacco. They can also be consumed as snuff, chewing tobacco, dipping tobacco and snus.
Tobacco use is a risk factor for many diseases; especially those affecting the heart, liver, and lungs, as well as many cancers. In 2008, the World Health Organization named tobacco as the world's single greatest preventable cause of death.
June 1, 2019
World Milk Day is a day established by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations to recognize the importance of milk as a global food. It has been observed on June 1 each year since 2001.
The day is intended to provide an opportunity to bring attention to activities that are connected with the dairy sector.
Objective of the day:
- To provide information about the need and importance of milk in a human being's life.
- Various activities are organised on this day to raise awareness about milk and milk products.
- To celebrate the contribution of milk and dairy products in several industries, the economy and people's lives.
- To educate people about the nutrients that are present in the milk like calcium, protein, vitamin B2, potassium, iodine, etc.
- Several promotional activities about milk and its importance are launched by the International Dairy Federation on its website online.
Milk contains valuable nutrients and offers a range of health benefits. It is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.
Milk is not only consumed by growing children but also by the people of all age groups. It is an important part of our daily diet. It has great nourishing value and a rich source of calcium, protein, fat and vitamin C. Mainly we get milk from cows, buffaloes and from other animals like sheep, goat and camel.
Milk day in India:
The World Milk Day event does not follow a specific theme in the world. Different countries, governments, and non-governmental organisations decide their own theme.
The theme for World Milk Day 2019 in India is "Drink Milk: Today & Everyday".
Various campaigns are organised in India at the Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI), Izatnagar, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh and focuses on safe, hygiene milk production and consumption.
May 30, 2019
World Food Day is celebrated every year around the world on 16 October in honor of the date of the founding of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 1945.
The day is celebrated widely by many other organizations concerned with food security, including the World Food Programme and the International Fund for Agricultural Development.
The theme for World Hunger Day 2019 is Sustainability.
The main aim is to raise awareness of chronic hunger and celebrate the achievements of millions of people who are already taking actions to end their own hunger.
Hunger is not just about food. Hunger and poverty are inextricably linked to a nexus of issues including decent work opportunities, health, education, social justice, the rights of women and girls, the environment and climate change.
The Hunger Project uses an innovative, holistic approach that tackles all these issues and empowers people living in hunger to become the agents of their own development and lift their communities above the poverty line for good this is the sustainable end of poverty.
May 30, 2019
International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers was celebrated on May 29.
This day adopted by the UN General Assembly in its resolution 57/129.
The theme for this year is "Protecting Civilians, Protecting Peace".
The theme marks the upcoming 20th anniversary when for the first time the Security Council explicitly mandated a peacekeeping mission (UNAMSIL- United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone) to protect civilians.
The day was first celebrated on May 29, 1948, to pay tribute to the 3700 uniformed and civilian personnel who lost their lives upholding peace.
Ukraine is famous for its contribution to UN peacekeeping operations.
Over 45,000 Ukrainians have served in the UN operations since 1991
About the United Nations:
Headquarters: New York, USA
Secretary-General: Antonio Guterres
May 29, 2019
Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar's birth anniversary was celebrated on 28 May 2019. On this occasion, Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid tributes to VD Savarkar. He said that the nation will always remember sacrifices made by Veer Savarkar during the freedom struggle.
About V D Savarkar (1883 - 1966)
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, popularly called as Veer Savarkar was born on 28 May 1883 near Nasik in Maharashtra. He was a freedom fighter and called 1857 revolt as the first war of independence.
He was also involved in the Swadeshi movement and later joined Tilak’s Swaraj Party.
His instigating patriotic speeches and activities incensed the British Government. As a result, the British Government withdrew his B.A. degree.
In Pune, Savarkar founded the “Abhinav Bharat Society” and Free India Society in London. He has written Joseph Mazzini- Biography and Politics. He has published The Indian War of Independence about Indian rebellion of 1857 (also called The First War of Independence and "Sepoy Mutiny" of 1857).
Savarkar wrote the book 'Hindutva who is Hindu?'. He was a member of India House. He opposed the Quit India Movement struggle (in 1942) calling it a "Quit India but keep your army" movement. He endorsed the ideal of India as a 'Hindu Rashtra' and is also credited with developing Hindu nationalist political ideology of 'Hindutva'. In his honour the airport at Port Blair, capital of Andaman and Nicobar has been named as Veer Savarkar International Airport
When the then British Collector of Nasik, A.M.T. Jackson was shot by a youth, Veer Savarkar finally fell under the net of the British authorities. He was implicated in the murder citing his connections with India House. Savarkar was arrested in London on March 13, 1910, and sent to India.
Vinayak Savarkar was a president of Hindu Mahasabha from 1937 to 1943. When Congress ministries offered resignation on 22nd October 1939, Hindu Mahasabha under his leadership cooperated with Muslim league to form government in provinces like Sindh, Bengal, and NWFP.
In his honour the airport at Port Blair, capital of Andaman and Nicobar has been named as Veer Savarkar International Airport.
May 27, 2019
World Thyroid Day is celebrated annually on May 25.
It is observed to educate public on checking thyroid function regularly, awareness of the disease and to initiate precautionary action.
This day was celebrated for the first time in 2008 by the American Thyroid Association(ATA) and the European Thyroid Association(ETA).
The main focus of this year is on the children with or at risk of developing thyroid diseases due to the rising incidence of thyroid disease including pediatric thyroid cancer.
About Thyroid disorders:
It is common worldwide and affects people of all ages. It is usually caused by iodine deficiency.
The most common thyroid disorders are hypothyroidism, thyroiditis or Goitre.
About American Thyroid Association(ATA);
President: Elizabeth N. Pearce About European Thyroid Association(ETA): Founded: 1965 Chairman: Peter Smyth
May 24, 2019
United Nations celebrated May 23 as an International Day to End Obstetric Fistula (IDEOF). In 2003, the United Nations Population Fund (UNPF), formerly known as the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) and its partners had launched a global campaign to End Obstetric Fistula.
The theme for 2019 is “Fistula is a human rights violation, end it now”. In 2012, United Nations announced to celebrate May 23 as International Day to End Obstetric Fistula every year starting from 2013.
An obstetric fistula is a hole between the vagina and rectum or bladder that is caused by prolonged obstructed labor, leaving a woman incontinent of urine or feces or both.
Obstructed labor means, labor that goes unattended, the labor can last up to six or seven days.
May 23, 2019
World turtle day is observed on 23rd May. It is sponsored yearly since 2000 by American Tortoise Rescue. The aim is to bring attention to, and increase knowledge of and respect for, turtles and tortoises, and encourage human action to help them survive and thrive. This year the day spotlights on freshwater turtles.
The herpetologists, one who studies about amphibians and reptiles, have launched a unique initiative to gather more information about India’s freshwater turtles and tortoises.
The India Biodiversity Portal has initiated a ‘Turtle Spotting Week’ as part of a unique exercise to document the creatures across India. The week began on 17th May and ends on 23rd May 2019.
There are at least 28 species of freshwater turtles which can be spotted across the country and we felt that not enough attention was being given to them. Research and conservation activities in particular are limited and we wanted to encourage more people to document their findings.
May 22, 2019
The International Day for Biological Diversity (or World Biodiversity Day) is a United Nations-sanctioned international day to increase understanding and awareness of biodiversity issues. The day is observed on May 22 every year. The theme for 2019 is 2019 - Our Biodiversity, Our Food, Our Health.
Biological Diversity falls within the scope of the UN Post-2015 Development Agenda's Sustainable Development Goals. Agrobiodiversity and its potential to support human nutrition and good health is a critical component of the global sustainability agenda. The critical role of biodiversity in sustainable development was recognized in a Rio+20 outcome document, The World We Want: A Future for All.
Theme 2019: Our Biodiversity, Our Food, Our Health:
This year’s International Day for Biological Diversity focuses on biodiversity as the foundation for our food and health and as a key catalyst to transforming food systems and improving human well-being.
The theme aims to leverage knowledge and spread awareness of the dependency of our food systems, nutrition, and health on biodiversity and healthy ecosystems. The theme also celebrates the diversity provided by our natural systems for human existence and well-being on Earth, while contributing to other Sustainable Development Goals, including climate change mitigation and adaptation, ecosystems restoration, cleaner water, and zero hunger, among others.
To conserve and sustainably use biodiversity for the well-being, every individual need to:
Reduce meat consumption
Eat and purchase seasonal foods
Buy local foods
Reduce food waste
Compost food scraps
Reduce food packaging by using reusable bags or reusing glass jars or containers
Avoid single-use plastics like plastic straws, coffee cups, plastic cutlery, take out containers or plastic water bottles
Promote local and indigenous biodiversity for food and nutrition
May 21, 2019
World Metrology Day was observed on May 20, 2019 with a theme “The International System of Units – Fundamentally better”.
This theme was chosen because last year on 16th November 2018, the General Conference on Weights and Measures agreed to revise the International System of Units (SI).
The World Metrology Day was celebrated every year because of the signature of the Metre Convention on May 20, 1875.
About International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM)
Location: Sevres, France
Director: Martin Milton
Motto: Use the measure
About International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML)
♦ Headquarter: Paris, France
May 21, 2019
Every year May 21 is observed as Anti-Terrorism day in India. The day is observed in the memory of former Indian PM Mr. Rajiv Gandhi who passed away on this day. Former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated at an election rally near Chennai by a suicide bomber from the LTTE on 21 May 1991. On this day the Centre intends to spread awareness among the people about the danger of terrorism and violence and its effect on the people, society and the country as a whole.
The Ministry of Home Affairs requested all Varsities and affiliated colleges to observe the day. The objective behind the observance of Anti-Terrorism Day is to wean away from the people from terrorism and violence. Its motive is to promote unity, peace, and harmony across the nation.
The Purpose of observing World Anti-Terrorism Day is:
To spread the message of global peace and non-violence
Deter vulnerable youth from following cult practices and being misguided
Commemorate and honor the sacrifices made by thousands of soldiers who battled against terrorism
Pay homage to the victims who lost their lives in terrorist attacks
Device ways and hold awareness programs to protect future generations from radical influence.
On this day Anti- terrorism pledge is taken in all government offices, PSU and in other public organizations. Events like debates, discussions, symposiums, seminars lectures will be held in schools, colleges and in universities on dangers of terrorism.