6 hours ago
June month is celebrated as the Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer or questioning (LGBTQ) Pride month all over the world. The LGBTQ pride month is celebrated to commemorate the anniversary of Stonewall riots at Stonewall Inn in New York, a gathering space for LGBTQ community during the 60s.
It provides role models, builds community, and represents a civil rights statement about the contributions of the LGBT community. The month is observed by United States, United Kingdom, Canada. LGBT History Month originated in the United States. It was first celebrated in 1994.
The commemoration of the month is to recognize the impact that lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender individuals have had on history locally, nationally, and internationally.
History: On June 28, 1969, police raided the inn, leading to the gay liberation movement in the US. 'Mother of Pride' Brenda Howard organised the first pride parade a year later.
2 days ago
The day is celebrated to raise awareness of the need for safe blood and blood products and to thank blood donors.
The theme is - Blood Donation and Universal Access to Safe Blood Transfusion
The main aim is to use as a component of achieving universal health coverage.
The theme encourages more people all over the world to become blood donors and donate blood regularly.
It is an important occasion for all governments, national health authorities and national blood services to provide adequate infrastructures to increase collection of blood from regular unpaid blood donors.
It helps to mobilize support at national, regional and global levels among governments and development partners to invest in, strengthen and sustain national blood programmes.
Blood is treating the wounded during emergencies like natural disasters, accidents and armed conflicts.
It is essential, life-saving role in maternal care.
About World Blood Donor Day
Countries around the world celebrate World Blood Donor Day on June 14.
Date: Friday, 14 June 2019
Observed by: All member states of the World Health Organization
3 days ago
International Albinism Awareness Day (IAAD) is celebrated on June 13 every year. The day aims to celebrate the human rights of persons with albinism worldwide.
The theme for 2019 for the day is Still Standing Strong. The theme aims to recognize, celebrate and stand in solidarity with albinism patients around the globe. It is a call for solidarity.
In mid 2000s there was a rising number of violent attacks on and murders of persons with albinism in Tanzania. Persons with albinism were accused to attribute magical powers and were motivated to use them for lucky charms and occult rituals. By 2015, perpetrators killed more than 70 victims and harmed many more. In response, the Tanzania Albinism Society (TAS) and other NGOs began campaigning for the human rights of persons with albinism.
On May 4, 2006, TAS celebrated the first Albino Day. From 2009 onward the day became National Albino Day and was eventually called National Albinism Day. On December 2014 the UN's General Assembly adopted a resolution 69/170 to proclaim, with effect from 13 June, 2015 as International Albinism Awareness Day.
What is Albinism?
Albinism is a congenital condition which is characterized by complete or partial lack of pigmentation in hair, skin and eyes. The condition can last for years or even a lifetime.
Symptoms: The symptoms for Albinism is: absence of color in the hair, skin, or eyes, lighter than normal coloring of the hair, skin, or eyes and patches of skin that have an absence of color. It is accompanied by a number of vision defects including nystagmus, amblyopia, and photophobia.
Treatment: Albinism can not be cured. But treatment can relieve symptoms and prevent sun damage. Treatment includes sunglasses to protect the eyes from the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays, protective clothing and sunscreen to protect the skin from UV rays, prescription eyeglasses to correct vision problems and surgery on the muscles of the eyes to correct abnormal eye movements.
12 June 2019
International Labour Organization (ILO) started to celebrate World Day Against Child Labour in 2002
Aim: To focus attention on the global extent of child labour and the action and efforts needed to eliminate it.
The 2019 theme is Children shouldn’t work in fields, but on dreams!
The day brings government employers and workers organizations, civil society, as well as millions of people from around the world to highlight the plight of child labourers.
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by world leaders in 2015 to include a renewed global commitment to ending child labour.
Sustainable Development Goals and effective measures are take-ups in order to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour includes use of child labours by the year 2025 and to end child labour in all its forms.
ILO celebrates 100 years of advancing social justice.
The protection of children embedded in the ILO’s Constitution (Preamble). One of the first Conventions adopted by the ILO was on Minimum Age in Industry (No. 5, 1919).
8.7 target set by the international community calling for an end to child labour in all its forms by 2025.
About World Day Against Child Labour
Observances: UN, International Labour Organization
Called as: WDACL
Observed by: UN Members
8 June 2019
World Oceans Day is celebrated on 8th June every year. The day was declared in 2008. June 8 was marked as it marks the day when it was first proposed in 1992 by Canada's International Centre for Ocean Development (ICOD) and the Ocean Institute of Canada (OIC) at the Earth Summit, UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The Conference supported the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 14 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.
The theme for the year 2019 is Gender and Oceans. The theme is to build greater ocean and gender literacy and to discover possible ways to promote gender equality in ocean-related activities such as marine scientific research, fisheries, labour at sea, migration by sea and human trafficking, as well as policy-making and management.
The importance of gender equality is being recognized increasingly for the effective conservation and sustainable use of oceans, seas, and marine resources. Yet very little data and researches are available on these issues. Serious action towards gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls is still needed in all ocean-related sectors to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 5.
María Fernanda Espinosa, the President of the General Assembly launched Play It Out which is a global campaign against plastic pollution. Decades of overuse of single-use plastics has caused a huge menace to the marine lives. 13,000,000 tonnes of plastic leak into the ocean every year which kills 100,000 marine animals annually.
While most plastics are expected to remain intact for decades or centuries after use. These plastics erode and ends up as micro-plastics, consumed by fish and other marine wildlife, quickly making their way into the global food chain.
6 June 2019
Maharana Pratap Jayanti is observed on June 6. It is observed to commemorate the birth anniversary of the brave Rajput warrior Maharana Pratap. It was his 479th birth anniversary.
Maharana Pratap was the ruler of Mewar. He is the eldest son of Maharana Udai Singh and Maharani Jaiwanta Bai. Maharana Pratap is a symbol of Rajput valour, gallantry, and diligence. He fought against Mughal supremacy to free his homeland from their control.
Mewar is a province in modern-day Rajasthan. The province includes Bhilwara, Chittorgarh, Rajsamand, Udaipur, Pirawa (Jhalawar), Neemuch and Mandsaur in Madhya Pradesh, and some parts of Gujarat.
Some amazing facts of Maharana Pratap:
Maharana Pratap was one of the strongest warriors in India. He is of 7 feet 5 inches in height. He carried 360 kg of weight, which included a spear weighing 80 kg, two swords weighing 208 kg and his armour was around 72 kg heavy. His own weight was more than 110 kg.
He had 11 wives, 17 sons, and 5 daughters.
He didn't surrender to Akbar while all the other Rajput rulers surrendered and became members of his council.
Maharana Pratap bravely fought the Haldi Ghati Battle with an army of 22,000 against the Mughal army of 80,000. But he lost the war due to treachery by his brother.
Chetak, Maharana Pratap’s horse, is known for his loyalty to his master. The horse is said to have a tinge of blue on his coat. Chetak lost his life while jumping across a 21-feet wide river to save his master’s life.
Ramprasad, Maharana Pratap's elephant killed 2 war elephants of the Mughal army. Ramprasad was imprisoned by Akbar and refused to eat anything or drink and lost his life on the 18th day.
He died of an injury from the hunting accident while tightening the string of a bow with an arrow.
5 June 2019
World Environment Day (WED) is celebrated on the 5th of June every year, and is the United Nation's principal vehicle for encouraging awareness and action for the protection of our environment.
First held in: 1974
The theme for 2019 is "Beat Air Pollution".
2019 host nation is China.
The theme for 2018 is "Beat Plastic Pollution". The host nation was India.
Air Pollution facts:
Approximately 7 million people worldwide die prematurely each year from air pollution, with about 4 million of these deaths occurring in Asia-Pacific.
4 June 2019
The International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression is a United Nations observance each 4 June. In 1997 The General Assembly adopted the 51/77 Resolution on the Rights of the Child. It was established on 19 August 1982.
Originally focused on victims of the 1982 Lebanon War. A large number of innocent Lebanese and Palestinian children being the victims of the aggression acts by Israel’s. So, at its special emergency session on 19 August 1982, the members of the General Assembly of Palestine was shocked. Therefore, the assembly decided to celebrate 4th June as the International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression under the resolution ES-7/8.
UN's purpose expanded to acknowledge the pain suffered by children throughout the world who are the victims of physical, mental and emotional abuse. This day affirms the UN's commitment to protect the rights of children. It was a landmark development in efforts to improve the protection of children in conflict situations.
In recent years, the number of violations perpetrated against children have, in many conflict zones, increased. More needs to be done to protect the 250 million children living in countries and areas affected by conflict. More must be done to protect children from targeting by violent extremists, to promote international humanitarian and human rights law, and to ensure accountability for violations of the rights of children.
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development:
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development provides us with the universal masterplan to secure a better future for children. The new agenda included for the first time a specific target to end all forms of violence against children, and ending the abuse, neglect, and exploitation of children are mainstreamed across several other violence-related targets.
3 June 2019
In April 2018, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) declared 3 June as International World Bicycle Day. The resolution for World Bicycle Day recognizes the uniqueness, longevity, and versatility of the bicycle, which has been in use for two centuries, and that it is a simple, affordable, reliable, clean and environmentally fit sustainable means of transportation.
2019 will be the second year when it will be celebrated after the UN General Assembly declared it in 2018 to acknowledge the uniqueness, longevity and the importance of the bicycle which is a simple, affordable, reliable and an environmentally friendly mode of transportation.
The day aims to promote the use of bicycles as a means of fostering sustainable development, strengthening education, including physical education, for children and young people, promoting health and tolerance, preventing disease, mutual understanding and respect, facilitating social inclusion and a culture of peace.
World Bicycle Day in India:
In India, Vice President of India Venkaiah Naidu had flagged off a cycling rally in Connaught Place in Delhi on the occasion of World Bicycle Day. It was also celebrated by cyclists in many other cities like Bengaluru and Mumbai.
3 June 2019
Telangana Day is celebrated on June 2 each year from 2014 after its bifurcation from Andhra Pradesh.
This year marks the fifth Telangana State Formation Day.
It is the 29th state of the country after the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act was passed in the Parliament.
The celebrations are held in all the 30 districts of the state.
Telangana was officially formed on 2 June 2014.
The bill was introduced on 5 December 2013 in the Legislative Assembly of Andhra Pradesh.
The cabinet approved the formation of Telangana with ten districts.
The Bill Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 was passed in the Parliament of India in February 2014.
The bill received the assent of the President and published in the Gazette on 1 March 2014.
Telangana was created with 10 districts
Telangana is bordered by the states of:
Maharashtra to the north
Chhattisgarh and Karnataka to the west
Andhra Pradesh to the south and east
Founded on: 2 June 2014
Chief Minister: K.Chandrashekar Rao
1 June 2019
World No Tobacco Day (WNTD) is observed around the world every year on 31 May. Every year the World Health Organization (WHO) and global partners celebrate World No Tobacco Day (WNTD).
The annual campaign is an opportunity to raise awareness on the harmful and deadly effects of tobacco use and second-hand smoke exposure, and to discourage the use of tobacco in any form. It is intended to encourage a 24-hour period of abstinence from all forms of tobacco consumption around the globe. It draws attention to the widespread prevalence of tobacco use and to negative health effects.
WNTD is one of eight official global public health campaigns marked by the WHO, along with World Health Day, World Blood Donor Day, World Immunization Week, World Tuberculosis Day, World Malaria Day, World Hepatitis Day, and World AIDS Day.
In 2019, WNTD focused on its theme on 'Tobacco and lung health'. The negative impact that tobacco has on people’s lung health, from cancer to chronic respiratory disease.
The tobacco epidemic is one of the biggest public health threats the world has ever faced, killing more than 8 million people a year. More than 7 million of those deaths are the result of direct tobacco use while around 1.2 million are the result of non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke.
Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them. More than 70 species of tobacco are known.
Dried tobacco leaves are mainly used for smoking in cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and flavored shisha tobacco. They can also be consumed as snuff, chewing tobacco, dipping tobacco and snus.
Tobacco use is a risk factor for many diseases; especially those affecting the heart, liver, and lungs, as well as many cancers. In 2008, the World Health Organization named tobacco as the world's single greatest preventable cause of death.
1 June 2019
World Milk Day is a day established by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations to recognize the importance of milk as a global food. It has been observed on June 1 each year since 2001.
The day is intended to provide an opportunity to bring attention to activities that are connected with the dairy sector.
Objective of the day:
- To provide information about the need and importance of milk in a human being's life.
- Various activities are organised on this day to raise awareness about milk and milk products.
- To celebrate the contribution of milk and dairy products in several industries, the economy and people's lives.
- To educate people about the nutrients that are present in the milk like calcium, protein, vitamin B2, potassium, iodine, etc.
- Several promotional activities about milk and its importance are launched by the International Dairy Federation on its website online.
Milk contains valuable nutrients and offers a range of health benefits. It is a white liquid produced by the mammary glands of mammals.
Milk is not only consumed by growing children but also by the people of all age groups. It is an important part of our daily diet. It has great nourishing value and a rich source of calcium, protein, fat and vitamin C. Mainly we get milk from cows, buffaloes and from other animals like sheep, goat and camel.
Milk day in India:
The World Milk Day event does not follow a specific theme in the world. Different countries, governments, and non-governmental organisations decide their own theme.
The theme for World Milk Day 2019 in India is "Drink Milk: Today & Everyday".
Various campaigns are organised in India at the Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI), Izatnagar, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh and focuses on safe, hygiene milk production and consumption.
30 May 2019
World Food Day is celebrated every year around the world on 16 October in honor of the date of the founding of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 1945.
The day is celebrated widely by many other organizations concerned with food security, including the World Food Programme and the International Fund for Agricultural Development.
The theme for World Hunger Day 2019 is Sustainability.
The main aim is to raise awareness of chronic hunger and celebrate the achievements of millions of people who are already taking actions to end their own hunger.
Hunger is not just about food. Hunger and poverty are inextricably linked to a nexus of issues including decent work opportunities, health, education, social justice, the rights of women and girls, the environment and climate change.
The Hunger Project uses an innovative, holistic approach that tackles all these issues and empowers people living in hunger to become the agents of their own development and lift their communities above the poverty line for good this is the sustainable end of poverty.
30 May 2019
International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers was celebrated on May 29.
This day adopted by the UN General Assembly in its resolution 57/129.
The theme for this year is "Protecting Civilians, Protecting Peace".
The theme marks the upcoming 20th anniversary when for the first time the Security Council explicitly mandated a peacekeeping mission (UNAMSIL- United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone) to protect civilians.
The day was first celebrated on May 29, 1948, to pay tribute to the 3700 uniformed and civilian personnel who lost their lives upholding peace.
Ukraine is famous for its contribution to UN peacekeeping operations.
Over 45,000 Ukrainians have served in the UN operations since 1991
About the United Nations:
Headquarters: New York, USA
Secretary-General: Antonio Guterres
29 May 2019
Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar's birth anniversary was celebrated on 28 May 2019. On this occasion, Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid tributes to VD Savarkar. He said that the nation will always remember sacrifices made by Veer Savarkar during the freedom struggle.
About V D Savarkar (1883 - 1966)
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, popularly called as Veer Savarkar was born on 28 May 1883 near Nasik in Maharashtra. He was a freedom fighter and called 1857 revolt as the first war of independence.
He was also involved in the Swadeshi movement and later joined Tilak’s Swaraj Party.
His instigating patriotic speeches and activities incensed the British Government. As a result, the British Government withdrew his B.A. degree.
In Pune, Savarkar founded the “Abhinav Bharat Society” and Free India Society in London. He has written Joseph Mazzini- Biography and Politics. He has published The Indian War of Independence about Indian rebellion of 1857 (also called The First War of Independence and "Sepoy Mutiny" of 1857).
Savarkar wrote the book 'Hindutva who is Hindu?'. He was a member of India House. He opposed the Quit India Movement struggle (in 1942) calling it a "Quit India but keep your army" movement. He endorsed the ideal of India as a 'Hindu Rashtra' and is also credited with developing Hindu nationalist political ideology of 'Hindutva'. In his honour the airport at Port Blair, capital of Andaman and Nicobar has been named as Veer Savarkar International Airport
When the then British Collector of Nasik, A.M.T. Jackson was shot by a youth, Veer Savarkar finally fell under the net of the British authorities. He was implicated in the murder citing his connections with India House. Savarkar was arrested in London on March 13, 1910, and sent to India.
Vinayak Savarkar was a president of Hindu Mahasabha from 1937 to 1943. When Congress ministries offered resignation on 22nd October 1939, Hindu Mahasabha under his leadership cooperated with Muslim league to form government in provinces like Sindh, Bengal, and NWFP.
In his honour the airport at Port Blair, capital of Andaman and Nicobar has been named as Veer Savarkar International Airport.
27 May 2019
World Thyroid Day is celebrated annually on May 25.
It is observed to educate public on checking thyroid function regularly, awareness of the disease and to initiate precautionary action.
This day was celebrated for the first time in 2008 by the American Thyroid Association(ATA) and the European Thyroid Association(ETA).
The main focus of this year is on the children with or at risk of developing thyroid diseases due to the rising incidence of thyroid disease including pediatric thyroid cancer.
About Thyroid disorders:
It is common worldwide and affects people of all ages. It is usually caused by iodine deficiency.
The most common thyroid disorders are hypothyroidism, thyroiditis or Goitre.
About American Thyroid Association(ATA);
President: Elizabeth N. Pearce About European Thyroid Association(ETA): Founded: 1965 Chairman: Peter Smyth
24 May 2019
United Nations celebrated May 23 as an International Day to End Obstetric Fistula (IDEOF). In 2003, the United Nations Population Fund (UNPF), formerly known as the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) and its partners had launched a global campaign to End Obstetric Fistula.
The theme for 2019 is “Fistula is a human rights violation, end it now”. In 2012, United Nations announced to celebrate May 23 as International Day to End Obstetric Fistula every year starting from 2013.
An obstetric fistula is a hole between the vagina and rectum or bladder that is caused by prolonged obstructed labor, leaving a woman incontinent of urine or feces or both.
Obstructed labor means, labor that goes unattended, the labor can last up to six or seven days.
23 May 2019
World turtle day is observed on 23rd May. It is sponsored yearly since 2000 by American Tortoise Rescue. The aim is to bring attention to, and increase knowledge of and respect for, turtles and tortoises, and encourage human action to help them survive and thrive. This year the day spotlights on freshwater turtles.
The herpetologists, one who studies about amphibians and reptiles, have launched a unique initiative to gather more information about India’s freshwater turtles and tortoises.
The India Biodiversity Portal has initiated a ‘Turtle Spotting Week’ as part of a unique exercise to document the creatures across India. The week began on 17th May and ends on 23rd May 2019.
There are at least 28 species of freshwater turtles which can be spotted across the country and we felt that not enough attention was being given to them. Research and conservation activities in particular are limited and we wanted to encourage more people to document their findings.
22 May 2019
The International Day for Biological Diversity (or World Biodiversity Day) is a United Nations-sanctioned international day to increase understanding and awareness of biodiversity issues. The day is observed on May 22 every year. The theme for 2019 is 2019 - Our Biodiversity, Our Food, Our Health.
Biological Diversity falls within the scope of the UN Post-2015 Development Agenda's Sustainable Development Goals. Agrobiodiversity and its potential to support human nutrition and good health is a critical component of the global sustainability agenda. The critical role of biodiversity in sustainable development was recognized in a Rio+20 outcome document, The World We Want: A Future for All.
Theme 2019: Our Biodiversity, Our Food, Our Health:
This year’s International Day for Biological Diversity focuses on biodiversity as the foundation for our food and health and as a key catalyst to transforming food systems and improving human well-being.
The theme aims to leverage knowledge and spread awareness of the dependency of our food systems, nutrition, and health on biodiversity and healthy ecosystems. The theme also celebrates the diversity provided by our natural systems for human existence and well-being on Earth, while contributing to other Sustainable Development Goals, including climate change mitigation and adaptation, ecosystems restoration, cleaner water, and zero hunger, among others.
To conserve and sustainably use biodiversity for the well-being, every individual need to:
Reduce meat consumption
Eat and purchase seasonal foods
Buy local foods
Reduce food waste
Compost food scraps
Reduce food packaging by using reusable bags or reusing glass jars or containers
Avoid single-use plastics like plastic straws, coffee cups, plastic cutlery, take out containers or plastic water bottles
Promote local and indigenous biodiversity for food and nutrition
21 May 2019
World Metrology Day was observed on May 20, 2019 with a theme “The International System of Units – Fundamentally better”.
This theme was chosen because last year on 16th November 2018, the General Conference on Weights and Measures agreed to revise the International System of Units (SI).
The World Metrology Day was celebrated every year because of the signature of the Metre Convention on May 20, 1875.
About International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM)
Location: Sevres, France
Director: Martin Milton
Motto: Use the measure
About International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML)
♦ Headquarter: Paris, France
21 May 2019
Every year May 21 is observed as Anti-Terrorism day in India. The day is observed in the memory of former Indian PM Mr. Rajiv Gandhi who passed away on this day. Former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated at an election rally near Chennai by a suicide bomber from the LTTE on 21 May 1991. On this day the Centre intends to spread awareness among the people about the danger of terrorism and violence and its effect on the people, society and the country as a whole.
The Ministry of Home Affairs requested all Varsities and affiliated colleges to observe the day. The objective behind the observance of Anti-Terrorism Day is to wean away from the people from terrorism and violence. Its motive is to promote unity, peace, and harmony across the nation.
The Purpose of observing World Anti-Terrorism Day is:
To spread the message of global peace and non-violence
Deter vulnerable youth from following cult practices and being misguided
Commemorate and honor the sacrifices made by thousands of soldiers who battled against terrorism
Pay homage to the victims who lost their lives in terrorist attacks
Device ways and hold awareness programs to protect future generations from radical influence.
On this day Anti- terrorism pledge is taken in all government offices, PSU and in other public organizations. Events like debates, discussions, symposiums, seminars lectures will be held in schools, colleges and in universities on dangers of terrorism.
18 May 2019
May 18 is celebrated as World AIDS Vaccine Day, also known as HIV Vaccine Awareness Day. On this day, HIV vaccine advocates promote the continued urgent need for a vaccine to prevent HIV infection and AIDS. World AIDS Vaccine Day observance is headed by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease (NIAID).
This day provides a chance to thank several volunteers, community members, health professionals and scientists those who are working and researching to find a safe and effective HIV vaccine for prevention.
HIV research also includes efforts to develop a vaccine for HIV treatment (called a therapeutic vaccine). A safe and effective therapeutic HIV vaccine could prevent HIV from advancing to AIDS, replace daily use of HIV medicines, and help eliminate HIV from the body.
Formed on: 1955
Headquarters: Maryland, US
NIAID is one of the 27 institutes and centers that make up the National Institutes of Health (NIH), an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
NIAID's mission is to conduct basic and applied research to better understand, treat, and prevent infectious, immunologic, and allergic diseases.
18 May 2019
International Museum Day (IMD) is an international day that is celebrated on 18th May every year. It is coordinated by the International Council of Museums (ICOM). The objective of International Museum Day (IMD) is to raise awareness of the fact that, Museums are an important means of cultural exchange, enrichment of cultures and development of mutual understanding, cooperation and peace among peoples. The theme for International Museum Day (IMD) 2019 is Museums as Cultural Hubs: The future of tradition.
IMD was officially established in 1977 with the adoption of a resolution during the ICOM General Assembly in Moscow, Russia to create an annual event with the aim of further unifying the creative aspirations and efforts of museums and drawing the attention of the world public to their activity.
ICOM suggested a theme for the first time in 1992: Museums and Environment.
Museums in the Society:
The role of museums in society is changing. Museums keep reinventing themselves in their quest for becoming more interactive, audience focused, community oriented, flexible, adaptable and mobile. They have become cultural hubs functioning as platforms where creativity combines with knowledge and where visitors can also co-create, share and interact.
At once a focal point for the community and an integral part of a global network, museums offer a platform for translating local communities needs and views into a global context.
Formed on: 1946
Location: Paris, France
The purpose of ICOM is Conservation, continuation and communication to society of the world's natural and cultural heritage.
17 May 2019
Sikkim celebrated its 43rd statehood day. It was on May 16, 1975 that Sikkim had officially become a state under the Union of India and Kazi Lhendup Dorjee became its first chief minister. Sikkim has the highest number of employees on the government payroll constituting about 14 percent of its population. It officially became the 22nd state of the country.
Chief Minister: Pawan Chamling
17 May 2019
World Hypertension Day (WHD) is celebrated on 17th May. WHD was designated and initiated by the World Hypertension League (WHL). The day was initiated to increase the awareness of hypertension. This was especially important because of the lack of appropriate knowledge among hypertensive patients.
The WHL launched its first WHD on May 14, 2005. Since 2006, the WHL has been dedicating May 17 of every year as WHD. The theme for World Hypertension Day 2019 is Know Your Numbers. The theme is with a goal of increasing high blood pressure (BP) awareness in all populations around the world. In 2019, WHL in conjunction with the International Society of Hypertension (ISH) will also promote May Measurement Month (MMM).
World Hypertension League (WHL):
It was established in 1966. WHL an umbrella to organizations of 85 national hypertension societies and leagues.
17 May 2019
World Telecommunication Day is celebrated annually on 17 May since 1969. It marks the founding of International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the signing of the first International Telegraph Convention in 1865, Paris.
It was instituted by the Plenipotentiary Conference in Malaga-Torremolinos in 1973.
The day is celebrated with a view to:
stimulate reflection and exchanges of ideas on the theme adopted by the Council
debate the various aspects with all partners in society
formulate a report reflecting national discussions on the issues underlying the theme, to be fed back to ITU and the rest of its membership
Setting standards is a fundamental pillar of ITU's mission as the specialized agency of the United Nations for information and communication technologies (ICTs). ITU standards help accelerate ICTs for all Sustainable Development Goals.
The theme for 2019 is Bridging the standardization gap. The 2019 theme will allow ITU Membership and other key stakeholders to focus on the opportunities for:
participation of developing countries in ITU's standards-making process
empowering local experts in the standardization process at the national, regional and international levels
promoting the implementation of international standards in developing countries.
15 May 2019
The International Day of Families (IDF) is observed on the 15th of May every year. The Day was proclaimed by the UN General Assembly in 1993. The day reflects the importance the international community attaches to families. It was first observed in 1996.
The International Day provides an opportunity to promote awareness of issues relating to families and to increase knowledge of the social, economic and demographic processes affecting families. On this day, people across the world celebrate spending time with their families and reuniting with family members.
The theme for IDF 2019 is Families and Climate Action: Focus on SDG 13.
The SDG 13 targets include:
Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction, and early warning
Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies, and planning
14 May 2019
World Migratory Bird Day (WMBD) is observed on 11th May. It was initiated in 2006. It highlights the need for the conservation of migratory birds and their habitats.
The theme for WMBD 2019 is Protect Birds: Be the Solution to Plastic Pollution!. The day addresses the serious problem of plastic pollution and to highlight its negative effects on migratory birds.
Plastics and its dangerous nature:
With an annual production of more than 300 million tonnes, plastic is one of the most widely used materials in the world. Lightweight and designed to last, discarded pieces of plastic are easily transported to ecosystems through the forces of nature causing serious threats to migratory species around the world.
To make matters worse, plastic does not simply dissolve. Broken down into small particles by water, sunlight, and wind, it often leads to lethal cases of ingestion and entanglement.
Effect of plastics on Seabirds:
The number of seabirds dying from the effects of plastic every year is currently 1 million and growing. Existing research pinpoints the urgency of the matter: In just two decades, between 1960 and 1980, the number of birds found ingesting plastic has grown from 5% to 80%.
Plastic found inside birds includes bags, bottle caps, synthetic fibers from clothing, and tiny rice-sized bits that have been broken down by the sun and waves. Sharp-edged plastic kills birds by punching holes in internal organs. Some seabirds eat so much plastic, there is little room left in their gut for food, which affects their body weight, jeopardizing their health.
A recent study found a 67% decline in seabird populations between 1950 and 2010. The highest concentration of plastic in birds can be found in populations in southern Australia, South Africa, and South America.
What to do to fight plastic pollution?
Reduce, reuse and recycle - Limit your use of plastic materials and replace them with eco-friendly alternatives, use and dispose of plastics sustainably
Clean up - Join clean-up activities in your area, whether at beaches or along rivers
Spread the word - Support local and global action against plastic
12 May 2019
International Nurses Day (IND) is an international day observed around the world on 12 May of each year, to mark the contributions that nurses make to society. It was first observed in 1965.
ICN commemorates this important day each year with the production and distribution of the International Nurses' Day (IND) resources and evidence. The theme for the year 2019 is "Nurses: A voice to lead - Health for All".
11 May 2019
National Technology Day is observed every year on the 11th of May in India. It is a reminder of the anniversary of Shakti. The aim of the celebration is to highlight the achievements of the scientists and engineers of India in the field of science and technology.
It also helps to encourage students towards science and technology field.
The first nuclear test Pokhran with a codenamed as ‘Smiling Buddha’ was carried out in May 1974. The second test conducted was Pokhran II which was a series of five tests of nuclear bomb explosions, administered by India at the Pokhran Test Range of Indian Army in May, 1998.
Pokhran II comprised of five detonations out of which the first one was a fusion bomb while the other four were fission bombs. These nuclear tests evolved various sanctions against India by many major states, including the United States and Japan.
Why the day is celebrated?
On 11th of May, 1998, India victoriously test fired the nuclear missile, Shakti-I at the Pokhran Test Range of Indian Army in Rajasthan in an operation administered by late president and aerospace engineer Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam. After two days, the country victoriously tested two additional nuclear weapons.
Following this, Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee announced India as a nuclear state, making it sixth country in the world that has joined the nations “nuclear club” and the first country that was not party to the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Treaty (NPT). NPT is a global treaty signed by the UK, Russia, China, France, and the US which has the objectives to prevent the increase of nuclear weapons and attain nuclear disarmament.
9 May 2019
8th May is observed as World Thalassaemia Day globally every year. The theme for 2019 was Universal access to quality thalassemia healthcare services: Building bridges with and for the patient.
The day is observed to raise awareness about thalassemia, its prevention, and measures to avoid its transmission among people throughout the world. It is observed in honor of all patients suffering and fighting from thalassemia and also all scientists working hard to provide improved quality of life to people suffering with it.
Thalassemias are inherited blood disorders characterized by abnormal hemoglobin production.
Since it is an inheritable disease so cannot be prevented completely however, it can be lessened through the prenatal tests which help in the early detection and cure before the childbirth.
There are two main types:
Symptoms depend on the type and can vary from none to severe.
Often there is mild to severe anemia (low red blood cells).
There may also be bone problems, an enlarged spleen, yellowish skin, and dark urine.
Slow growth may occur in children.
Treatments include blood transfusions, iron chelation, and folic acid.
Around 3.4% of the people are a carrier of the thalassemia and around 7000 to 10,000 children are born with thalassemia per year in India.
It can be of any type such as alpha thalassemia, beta thalassemia, delta thalassemia and combination of other hemoglobinopathies (hemoglobin C, D, E, and S).
8 May 2019
Basava Jayanti 2019 was observed on May 7, 2019. Basava Jayanthi is the birthday of Basavanna, a Hindu Kannada poet of the 12th century. Traditionally observed by the Lingayats, Basavanna who was also a philosopher is believed to be the founding saint of the Lingayat section.
Basava Jayanti 2019 will witness various celebratory events across states like Karnataka, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. Basava Jayanti is a government holiday in Karnataka. Many followers of Basavanna visit Kudalasangama where Basav Jayanti is celebrated for six to seven day. Several cultural and spiritual programs are also held on this day in Basavanna temples.
Who is Basavanna or Basava?
According to scholars, Basavanna was born in Karnataka’s Ingaleshwar, Bagewadi town. He grew up in Kudalasangama and married Gangambikel, the daughter of Bijjala's (one of the famous Chalukya kings) prime minister. His father was Madaras and mother was Madalambe.
He was a great Kannada poet and philosopher. He is also known as Bhaktibhandari (literally, the treasurer of devotion), or Basaveswara (Lord Basava).
Basava advocated that every human being was equal, irrespective of caste and that all forms of manual labour were equally important. Basava advocated the wearing of Ishtalinga, a necklace with a pendant that contains a small Shiva Linga.
Statue of Basavanna:
On 14 November 2015, the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi, inaugurated the statue of Basavanna along the bank of the river Thames at Lambeth in London. Furthermore, Basavanna is the first Kannadiga in whose honour a commemorative coin has been minted in recognition of his social reforms.
8 May 2019
World Red Cross Day (also known as Red Crescent Day) is observed every year on May 8.
The 2019 theme is, ‘#Love’.
The day is also the birthday of Henry Dunant, who had generated the Red Cross Committee of the International (ICRI) in 1863 in Switzerland, Geneva.
He was born in May 8, 1828 and was also the recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
About Red Cross
Founded: 5 October 1854
Founders: Henry Dunant, Gustave Moynier, Théodore Maunoir, Guillaume-Henri Dufour, Louis Appia
Location: Geneva, Switzerland
5 May 2019
World Laughter Day is celebrated on the first Sunday of May of every year. The first celebration was on May 10, 1998, in Mumbai, India. The celebration of World Laughter Day was meant to be a positive manifestation for world peace and to build up a global consciousness of brotherhood and friendship through laughter and run-on sentences. Its popularity has grown exponentially with that of the Laughter Yoga movement, which is now counting over 6000 Laughter Clubs worldwide on all 5 continents.
World Laughter Day was created in 1998 by Dr. Madan Kataria, founder of the worldwide Laughter Yoga movement. Laughter Yoga movement in part by the facial feedback hypothesis, which postulates that a person's facial expressions can have an effect on their emotions. World Laughter Day is now celebrated in every year in most large cities around the world. Hundreds of people gather worldwide on that day to laugh together.
The first World Laughter Day gathering took place in Mumbai, India, on 11th of January 1998. 12,000 members from local and international Laughter Clubs joined together in a mega laughter session. HAPPY-DEMIC was the first World Laughter Day gathering outside India. It took place on 9th January 2000, in Copenhagen, Denmark and more than 10,000 people gathered in the Town Hall Square . The event went into the Guinness Book of World records.
4 May 2019
International Firefighters' Day (IFFD) is observed on 4th May of every year. It was instituted after a proposal was emailed out across the world on January 4, 1999, due to the deaths of five firefighters in tragic circumstances in a bushfire in Australia. May 4 used to be a traditional Firefighters' Day in many European countries because it is the day of Saint Florian, patron saint of firefighters.
Fire prevention and the need for more intensive and thorough training is one of the main aspects of International Fire Fighters Day. Firefighters and their agencies around the world are constantly stressing fire prevention: in schools, to the community, at public events, at assemblies and even to their own families. The safest way to keep firefighters alive and home to their families is training. This ideal is one that International Fire Fighters Day stresses.
One of the most significant symbols of International Fire Fighters Day is the red and blue ribbon. This ribbon is cut precisely five centimeters long and one centimeter wide, with the two separate colors conjoined at the top. The red and blue were chosen because the red stood for the element of fire whereas the blue would represent the element of water. Coincidently, red and blue are also the colors recognized worldwide to signify emergency services; therefore, red and blue being the best choice of color to recognize an international day.
4 May 2019
Coal Miners Day is observed on 4th May every year to highlight the toughest profession and the people working in coal mines. On this day several organisations, communities raises funds and awareness for other organisations in the coal mining area and workers.
This day show appreciation for the sacrifices, honour the accomplishments and remember the tragedies that these hardworking individuals experience.
Coal Miners became increasingly important during the Industrial revolution (between 1760 and 1840) when coal was burnt on a large scale to fuel stationary and locomotive engines and heat buildings. Owing to coal's strategic role as a primary fuel, coal miners have figured strongly in labour and political movements since that time.
After the late 19th century coal miners in many countries were a frequent presence in industrial disputes with both the management and government. Coal miners' politics, while complex, have occasionally been radical, with a frequent leaning towards far-left political views. A number of far-left political movements have had the support of both coal miners themselves and their trade unions, particularly in Great Britain. In France, on the other hand, coal miners have been much more conservative.
In India coal mining began in 1774 when John Sumner and Suetonius Grant Healthy of the East India Company commenced commercial exploitation in the Raniganj Coalfield along the Western bank of Damodar River. Further, the introduction of steam locomotives in 1853 boosted demand and production of coal increases. In India, coal-rich regions are Orissa, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh and some central and southern parts of the country.
Mainly miners spend their days tunneling, digging and extracting coal from the mines. It is known that more than half of India's commercial energy needs are fulfilled by coal. It is the main fuel for generating power, making steel and cement.
3 May 2019
World Press Freedom Day is celebrated on 3rd May every year. It was started by the UN General Assembly in 1993, on a recommendation from UNESCO. The day aims to celebrate the fundamental principles of press freedom, assess its state around the world, defend the media from attacks on their independence and to pay tribute to journalists who have laid down their lives in the exercise of their profession.
The theme for this year's World Press Freedom Day is Media for Democracy: Journalism and Elections in Times of Disinformation. The theme discusses current challenges faced by media in elections, along with the media’s potential in supporting peace and reconciliation processes. UNESCO's mandate is freedom of the press and freedom of expression. UNESCO believes that these freedoms allow for mutual understanding to build sustainable peace.
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization:
Formed on: 4 November 1946
Headquarters: Paris, France
Director-General: Audrey Azoulay
Parent organization: United Nations Economic and Social Council
Its purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational, scientific, and cultural reforms
3 May 2019
The United Nations (UN) established the World Tuna Day on May 2. In December 2016 the United Nations General Assembly voted to officially observe the Day in its resolution 71/124. May 2, 2017, was the first internationally-recognized World Tuna Day.
The day aims to spread information about the possible impact of drastically declining tuna stocks and to highlight the economic and social benefits of establishing more sustainable fishing practices. It is observed for the first time in 2017. According to the UN, a large number of countries worldwide depend on tuna for both food security and nutrition. At the same time, more than 80 countries have tuna fisheries, and their capacity is constantly growing.
Tuna under threat:
In recent years, environmental groups like the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) have warned that some types of tuna, such as the bluefin, are now endangered because of overfishing.
A 2013 Stock assessment reported that because of overfishing, bluefin stocks in the Northern Pacific Ocean have declined by more than 96% in comparison to unfished levels.
In the 2016 report, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) registered new record catches for tuna. Total catches of tuna and tuna-like species were almost 7.7 million metric tonnes. FAO said there is a need for effective management to restore the overfished stocks including tuna.
Promoting Sustainable Tuna Fishing:
With so many countries around the world relying on tuna for both its nutritional and economic value, World Tuna Day is an effort to stress the importance of a stable and healthy tuna population. The World Tuna Day highlights the importance of sustainably managed fish stocks in achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
Tuna is a saltwater fish
It belongs to the tribe Thunnin
The Thunnini comprise 15 species across five genera
Tuna are found in warm seas
It can maintain a body temperature higher than that of the surrounding water.
2 May 2019
May 1 is celebrated as Maharashtra Day and Gujarat Day. In 1960, the Bombay Reorganization Act was passed by India’s Parliament to divide the multilingual state of Bombay into Gujarat and Maharashtra. The legislation came into effect on May 1, 1960.
The state of Bombay formerly comprised of speakers of different languages such as Marathi, Gujarati, Konkani, and Kutchi.
During the mid-1950s, a movement known as the Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti started demanding a separate Marathi-speaking state while Mahagujarat Movement aimed at the formation of a state for Gujarati-speaking people. The movements ended with the creation of the Bombay Reorganization Act.
The States Reorganisation Act, 1956 defined boundaries for the states within India on the basis of languages. The was at the forefront of the movement to divide the Bombay State into two states; one composed of areas where people primarily spoke Gujarati and Kutchhi and the other where people primarily spoke Marathi and Konkani.
The state of Maharashtra and Gujarat were formed as a result of the Sanyukta Maharashtra Samiti movement according to the Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960 enacted by the Parliament of India on 25 April 1960. The act came into effect on 1 May 1960, hence the reason of annual celebration.
Chief Minister: Devendra Fadnavis
Governor: CH Vidyasagar Rao
Chief Minister: Vijay Rupani
Governor: Om Prakash Kohli
1 May 2019
International Worker's Day also known as Labour Day and May Day, is observed on 1st May every year, to promote and encourage the international labour associations.
The theme of Labour Day 2019 is ‘Uniting Workers for Social and Economic Advancement’.
Labour Day provides the Labours their right to work for only 8 hours a day.
1 May was chosen to be International Workers' Day to commemorate the 1886 Haymarket affair in Chicago. In that year beginning on 1 May, there was a general strike for the eight-hour workday. On 4 May, the police acted to disperse a public assembly in support of the strike when an unidentified person threw a bomb. Due to which several people and police officers died and more than 100 people were injured.
In 1889 a meeting took place in Paris where it was decided to celebrate May Day on an annual basis through a proposal given by the Raymond Lavigne.
May Day in India:
The first celebration of the day in India was organised in Madras (now Chennai) by the Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan on May 1, 1923.
This was also the time when the Red Flag (the day's symbol used since its foundation) was first used in India.
30 April 2019
As part of Gram Swaraj Abhiyan, Ayushman Bharat Diwas is celebrated across the country on April 30. For the first time, the day was observed on 30th April 2018. During the event, information regarding Ayushman Bharat Scheme was provided to people during health camps organised in rural areas.
On this day, gram sabhas were organized in different parts of the country to create awareness about the National Health Protection Mission and verify and update details in the Socio-Economic and Caste Census database.
About Ayushman Bharat Scheme:
The Central Government on March 21, 2018, had approved the launch of a new Centrally Sponsored 'Ayushman Bharat -National Health Protection Mission (AB- NHPM)'. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has launched the scheme on April 14, 2018, at Bijapur, Chhattisgarh.
The scheme has the benefit cover of Rs. 5 lakh per family per year. The target beneficiaries of the proposed scheme will be more than 10 crore families belonging to poor and vulnerable population.
29 April 2019
International Dance Day is observed globally on 29th of April. In 1982.
The Dance Committee of ITI founded International Dance Day to be celebrated the birthday of Jean-Georges Noverre, creator of modern ballet.
The intention of the International Dance Day Message is to celebrate dance, revel in the universality of this art form, cross all political, cultural and ethnic barriers, and bring people together with a common language dance.
28 April 2019
World Day for Safety and Health at Work is a UN international day that is celebrated every April 28. It is an annual international campaign to promote safe, healthy and decent work. It has been observed by the International Labour Organization (ILO) since 2003.
It is concerned about safe work and awareness of the dimensions and consequences of work-related accidents and diseases; to place occupational safety and health (OSH) on the international and national agendas, and to provide support to the national efforts for the improvement of national OSH systems and programmes in line with relevant international labour standards.
Inspired by the ILO centenary and discussions on the future of work, the world day this year attempts to take stock of a 100 years of work in improving occupational safety and health and looks to the future for continuing these efforts through major changes such as technology, demographics, sustainable development including climate change and changes in work organization.
A national occupational safety and health culture is one in which the right to a safe and healthy working environment is respected at all levels, where governments, employers, and workers actively participate in securing a safe and healthy working environment through a system of defined rights, responsibilities and duties, and where the highest priority is accorded to the principle of prevention.
28 April 2019
The World Veterinary Day 2019 is observed on 28th April. It is an opportunity to celebrate the contributions of veterinarians to the health of animals and society. The theme for the day is the Value of Vaccination. The day is initiated by the World Veterinary Association.
The World Veterinary Association (WVA) will co-host the 2019 World Veterinary Day Award with HealthforAnimals, the global animal medicines association. The value of the award has been increased to $2500. WVA and HealthforAnimals believe it is essential for the global veterinary profession to educate the public, particularly animal owners and producers, about the benefits of vaccination for animal, human, and public health.
Why the theme?
Vaccination is an essential tool for preventive veterinary medicine, promotion of animal health and welfare, and reducing the risk of human exposure to many zoonotic pathogens. Historically, immunization practices and vaccination protocols have contributed to significantly reduce the prevalence of many life-threatening diseases.
The risks of not vaccinating can be significant to individual animals and populations and can have consequences on the livelihoods of rural livestock producers in economically developed and emerging regions. Effective vaccination programs, broadly implemented, are likely to reduce the need for antimicrobials, which in turn can help reduce the risk of emergent antimicrobial resistance.
27 April 2019
World Immunization Week 2019 is being observed from 24-30 April. The 2019 theme is Protected Together: Vaccines Work. World Immunization Week aims to promote the use of vaccines to protect people of all ages against disease. Immunization saves millions of lives every year and is widely recognized as one of the world’s most successful and cost-effective health interventions.
World Immunisation Week 2019 celebrates Vaccine Heroes from around the world from parents and community members to health workers and innovators who help ensure that all are protected, at all ages, through the power of vaccines.
World Immunisation Week:
World Immunization Week is a global public health campaign to raise awareness and increase rates of immunization against vaccine-preventable diseases around the world. World Immunisation Week is observed by all member states of the World Health Organization.
Immunization Week was observed simultaneously for the first time in 2012, with the participation of more than 180 countries and territories worldwide after the World Health Assembly endorsed World Immunization Week during its May 2012 meeting.
Immunization can protect against 25 different infectious agents or diseases, from infancy to old age. It plans to demonstrate the value of vaccines for the health of children, communities and the world.
26 April 2019
World Intellectual Property Day is observed annually on 26th April. The theme for 2019 is Reach for Gold: IP and Sports. The event was established by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 2000. The aim is to raise awareness of how patents, copyright, trademarks and designs impact on daily life and to celebrate creativity, and the contribution made by creators and innovators to the development of societies across the globe. 26 April was chosen as the date for World Intellectual Property Day because it coincides with the date on which the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization entered into force in 1970.
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO):
Formed on: 14 July 1967
Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
Director-General: Francis Gurry
Member States: 191
WIPO is one of the 15 specialized agencies of the United Nations (UN). WIPO was created to encourage creative activity, to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world
25 April 2019
World Malaria Day is an international event observed every year on 25 April, to spread awareness about malaria disease globally and to promote efforts to prevent malaria around the world.
World Malaria Day 2019 Theme:
The theme of World Malaria Day 2019 is "Zero malaria starts with me."
World Malaria Day - History:
World Malaria Day was developed from Africa Malaria Day which was first held in 2008. It is basically an event that had been observed since 2001 by African governments.
At the 60th session of the World Health Assembly, a meeting sponsored by the World Health Organisation (WHO) in 2007 proposed that Africa Malaria Day be changed to World Malaria Day to identify the existence of malaria in the countries worldwide and to bring awareness among people globally to fight against malaria disease.
Facts about Malaria:
Malaria is mosquito-borne infectious disease and is caused by the Plasmodium parasite. The parasite can be spread to humans through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes called ‘malaria vectors’.
There are only five types of plasmodium causes malaria in humans namely - Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, P. ovale and Plasmodium malariae and Plasmodium knowlesi.
Malaria is preventable and curable, and increased efforts are dramatically reducing the malaria burden in many places.
The estimated number of malaria deaths in 2017, at 4,35,000, remained virtually unchanged over the previous year.
24 April 2019
The National Panchayati Raj Day is celebrated every year in India on 24th April. The Constitution of India recognizes Panchayats as 'Institutions of self-government'. This day marks the passing of Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 that came into force with effect from 24 April 1993. The Amendment Act permits states to take steps to organize village panchayats and provide them with necessary powers and authority necessary to facilitate them to function as units of self-government.
National Panchayati Raj Day:
The first National Panchayati Raj Day was celebrated in 2010. The enactment of the 73rd Amendment Act had led a defining moment in the history of India which helped in the decentralization of political power to the grassroots level. In turn, it had led to the institutionalization of Panchayati Raj (PR) through the village, Intermediate and District level Panchayats.
Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992:
The Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 came into force with effect from 24th April, 1993. It has vested constitutional status on Panchayati Raj institutions. It marks a defining moment in the history of decentralization of political power to the grassroots level. The 73rd Amendment 1992 added a new Part IX to the constitution titled The Panchayats covering provisions from Article 243 to 243(O). A new Eleventh Schedule covering 29 subjects within the functions of the Panchayats. It implemented article 40 of DPSP which says that State shall take steps to organize village panchayats and endow them with such powers and authority as may be necessary to enable them to function as units of self-government.
22 April 2019
On 22nd April 2009 the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution declaring 22nd April as the “International Mother Earth Day”.
The term ‘Mother Earth’ implies the interdependent relationship which exists between all the species of planet earth and to acknowledge earth’s role in sustaining them all.
World Earth Day 2019 theme is ‘Protect Our Species’. It will mainly focus on saving species which are on the verge of extinction due to climate change, deforestation, pollution and illegal poaching.
The founder of the Earth Day was Gaylord Nelson.
In 2005 the United Nations General Assembly declared 2008 as the “International Year of Planet Earth”. The day was adopted with a view to promote education of earth sciences, acknowledging its importance in sustainable use of natural resources as well as for sustainable development.
About United Nations General Assembly:
It is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, the only one in which all member nations have equal representation.
Founder: United Nations
Headquarters: New York, United States
President: María Fernanda Espinosa
19 April 2019
The International Day for Monuments and Sites was observed on 18th April every year. In 1982, ICOMOS (International Council on Monuments and Sites) established 18 April as the International Day for Monuments and Sites. UNESCO approved it the following year during its 22nd General Conference. Since then, 18 April has been a day to celebrate and promote cultural heritage, and an opportunity to raise awareness about its diversity, its relevance, how vulnerable it can be and what the needs and benefits of its conservation are.
The theme for International Day for Monuments and Sites 2019 is Rural Landscapes, which is linked to the theme of the 2019 ICOMOS Scientific Symposium on Rural heritage to take place in October in Marrakesh, Morocco. The day offers the opportunity for National and International Scientific Committees to raise awareness about the relevance of rural landscapes, the challenges that encompass their conservation, the benefits that these efforts provide, and how rural landscapes are intrinsically related with sustainable development.
Some of the main features that define rural landscapes are its fragility and use. While any changes in the conditions that sustain the living and evolving landscape might involve a dramatic transformation, or even a complete abandon or loss of a landscape, it is the conservation of its use which enables its tangible and intangible heritage to survive.
International Council on Monuments and Sites:
Founded in: 1965
Headquarters: Paris, France
President: Toshiyuki Kono
It works to Conserve and protect the cultural heritage places around the world