1 day ago
World Health Day is celebrated on 7 April every year. The day aims to create awareness of health to highlight a priority area of concern for the World Health Organization. The day honors the contribution of nurses and midwives and recognizes their vital role in keeping the world healthy.
World Health Day is marked by the World Health Organization (WHO) and many other organizations. The day aims to spread awareness around maintaining good health and a balanced lifestyle.
Significance of Nurses and Midwives:
WHO states that a strengthened workforce of nurses and midwives can only ensure that everyone gets the healthcare they need. They can help the countries to achieve their national and global targets related to universal health coverage, maternal and child health, infectious and non-communicable diseases including emergency preparedness and response, mental health, patient safety and the delivery of integrated, people-centered care, among others.
World Health Day marks the inception of the World Health Day campaign at the First Health Assembly in 1948. It took effect in 1950. The campaign was initiated with the motive of promoting awareness about physical and mental health and offer the necessary support. It also focuses to make people understand the importance of universal health coverage.
During a difficult time, thousands of nurses have left their comfort and safety to fight the COVID-19 crisis and help those infected or suspected of coronavirus. On this day, WHO called for people to extend their gratitude and support nurses and midwives across the world. The WHO has named 2020 as the 'International Year of the Nurse and the Midwife'.
1 day ago
International Day of Reflection on the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda is observed on 7 April. The day commemorates the victims of the genocide in Rwanda.
1994 Rwanda Genocide (massacre):
♦ 1994 Rwanda Genocide was a mass slaughter of Tutsi in Rwanda during the Rwandan Civil War. The was that began in 1990 was directed by members of the Hutu majority government.
♦ It lasted from 7 April to 15 July 1994.
♦ Most of the Rwandans (Around 85%) were Hutus. The Tutsi minority has long dominated the country. In 1959, the Hutus overthrew the Tutsi monarchy and the Tutsis fled to neighbouring countries, including Uganda.
♦ A group of these Tutsi exiles formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF).
♦ In 1990, the RPF invaded Rwanda and the fight continued until a 1993 peace deal was agreed. On 6 April 1994, the then-President Juvenal Habyarimana and his counterpart Cyprien Ntaryamira of Burundi, both Hutus, were assassinated when they were travelling in a plane. And it ended the peace accords.
♦ The genocide had lasting and profound effects on Rwanda and neighboring countries.
President: Paul Kagame
Prime Minister: Edouard Ngirente
Official languages: English, French, Kinyarwanda, Swahili
Currency: Rwandan franc (RWF)
2 days ago
Mahavir Jayanti is celebrated on 6 April every year. It is one of the most auspicious festivals in the Jain community. Mahavir Jayanti is celebrated on the 13th day of the bright half of the moon in the month of Chaitra.
Mahavir Jayanti is also known as Mahaveer Janma Kalyanak or the Birth Anniversary of Lord Mahavira. Jainism was founded by Mahavir Jayanti. The festival is celebrated widely by the Jain community in memory of the last spiritual teacher of the religion. A procession with the idol of Lord Mahavira called the Rath Yatra is held on a special day. On this day, the Jains recites stavans (Jain prayers) and give a ceremonial bath called "abhisheka" to the statues of the Lord Mahavira.
Mahavir was born to King Siddhartha of Kundagrama and Queen Trishala and belonged to Ikshvaku dynasty. He was named as Vardhamana (meaning "one who grows"). At the age of 30, he abandoned worldly life. He attained "kaivalya" or omniscience at the age of 42. He was the 24th and the last Tirthankara who succeeded the 23rd Tirthankara, Parshvanatha.
Mahavira taught 5 mahavratas namely ahimsa (non-violence), Satya (truth), asteya (non-stealing), brahmacharya (chastity) and aparigraha (non-attachment). His teachings are called Jain Agamas. It is believed that Mahavira passed away at the age of 72 in 468 BC at a place called Pavapuri near modern Rajgir in Bihar and he attained moksha.
2 days ago
National Maritime Day is celebrated on 5 April in India. The day creates awareness to support intercontinental commerce and the global economy as the most well-organized, safe and sound, environmentally responsive approach of transporting goods from one place to another of the world.
The theme for the 57th National Maritime Day is "Sustainable shipping for a sustainable planet." The theme aims to raise awareness of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The theme also showcase the work that the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and its Member States are taking various measures to achieve the targets.
National Maritime Day is being observed since 1964. On 5 April 1919, navigation history was created in India, when SS Loyalty, the first ship of The Scindia Steam Navigation Company Ltd travelled to the United Kingdom from Mumbai. The move was very important to Indian shipping history when sea routes were controlled by the British. The transaction marked a red-letter day in the maritime history of India. This day is celebrated to spread awareness in supporting intercontinental commerce and the global economy.
2 days ago
International Day of Conscience is observed on 5 April. The day aims to promote a culture of peace with love and conscience. The day reminds the people to self-reflect, follow their conscience, and do the right things.
In July 1989, the concept of the culture of peace was introduced at the International Congress on Peace in the Minds of Men which was organized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in Côte d'Ivoire. The day was aimed to construct a culture of peace that requires cultural, social, comprehensive educational, and civic action, in which each person has something to learn and something to give and share. With a concern to create peaceful and friendly relations based on respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms to race, sex, language or religion, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) designated 5 April as the International Day of Conscience.
On 25 July 2019, UNGA adopted a draft resolution submitted by the Kingdom of Bahrain, titled "Promoting the Culture of Peace with Love and Conscience". UNGA then declared 5 April as the International Day of Conscience. The day is first observed on 5 April 2020.
4 days ago
International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance is observed on April 4 each year.
To raise awareness about landmines and progress toward their eradication.
United Nations (UN) General Assembly declared that April 4 of each year would be officially proclaimed and observed as International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action. It was first observed on April 4, 2006. According to the Landmine Monitor Report 2005, 84 countries were affected by landmines and unexploded ordnance, which together kill or maim between 15,000 and 20,000 adults and children annually. The UN works together with countries to find and destroy these devices. It also helps to provide various mine-action services in many countries.
6 days ago
World Autism Awareness Day is observed on 2 April. The day aims to recognize and celebrate the rights of persons with autism. The day makes people understand, recognize, and accept people with autism. This year the day is commemorated by the Department of Community Development, Abu Dhabi, the UAE.
The theme of the 2020 World Autism Awareness Day is "The transition of adulthood."
The United Nations held the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) in 2006. It came into effect in 2008. It aimed to promote, protect and ensure the full and equal rights of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities. It assured the fundamental principles of universal human rights for all. In 2008, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed the resolution and designated 2 April as the day of World Autism Awareness Day.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental condition and developmental disorder that leads to the impairment of communication and social interaction skills in an individual.
7 days ago
Utkal Diwas, meaning Odisha day, is observed on 1 April in Odisha every year. The day marks the formation of the state in the year 1936. The day remembers the contributions and sacrifices made by the people of Odisha. Utkal Diwas is celebrated in many cities, towns in India and abroad where people from Odisha reside.
The state was formed as a politically separate state under British rule on a linguistic basis on1 April 1936. The newly formed Orissa State consisted of six districts namely Puri, Baleswar, Sambalpur, Koraput, Ganjam, and Cuttack. The capital of Odisha was Cuttack. The first Governor of Odisha Province was John Austin Hubback.
In 1950, the State became a constituent state of India. In 2011, the name of the state was changed to Odisha from Orrisa and the name of its language was changed to Odia from Oria. Later, with an increased population, the state was divided into 30 districts.
Formed on: 1 April 1936
Governor: Ganeshi Lal
Chief Minister: Naveen Patnaik
Official language: Odia
Bird: Indian Roller
The State is bordered by West Bengal and Jharkhand to the north; Andhra Pradesh to the south; Chhattisgarh to the west.
9 days ago
Rajasthan state celebrated the statehood day on 30 March 2020. Prime Minister Narendra Modi greeted the people of Rajasthan on its State Day. The people of Rajasthan are known for their courage, bravery, and valour.
Rajasthan (meaning Land of Kings) was formed on 30 March 1949. The State was formed when Rajputana was merged into the Dominion of India. The state holds main features including Indus Valley Civilisation at Kalibanga and Balathal, the Dilwara Temples, a Jain pilgrimage site, the Keoladeo National Park among others.
Governor: Kalraj Mishra
Chief Minister: Ashok Gehlot
Established: 30 March 1949
12 days ago
World Theatre Day celebrated is observed annually on the 27 March by ITI Centres and the international theatre community. The day aims to promote theatre in all its forms across the world.
The main objective of the World theatre day is to enable theatre communities to promote their work on a broad scale so that governments and opinion leaders are aware of the value and importance of dance in all its forms and support it.
The World Theatre Day was initiated in 1961 by the International Theatre Institute (ITI). The day has been celebrated since 1962.
ITI was established in 1948. It was initiated by the first UNESCO Director-General, Sir Julian Huxley, and the playwright and novelist JB Priestly. ITI aims to build and promote culture, education and the arts, and focus its endeavours on improving the status of all members of the performing arts professions. ITI has more than 90 Centres across the world.
14 days ago
International Day of Solidarity with Detained and Missing Staff Members is observed on 25 March. The day ais to remember the fallen personnel who served for the cause of peace in a violent world. Since the United Nations' founding, over 3,500 brave men and women have lost their lives in its service.
The day aims to mobilize action, demand justice and strengthen staff in the non-governmental community and the press.
The day is marked on the anniversary of the abduction of Alec Collett. He was a former journalist who worked for the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA). He was abducted by armed gunman in 1985. His body was found in Lebanon's Bekaa Valley in 2009. The first resolution on staff security was adopted by the UN Security Council (UNSC) in September 1993. In the 6th Legal Committee of UNGA, an international legal convention to protect UN personnel was proposed. It led to the adoption of the Convention on the Safety of United Nations and Associated Personnel on 9 December 1994.
14 days ago
International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade is observed on 25 March. The day is observed every year. The day provides an opportunity to honour and remember the people who suffered and died at the hands of the brutal slavery system.
The International Day aims to raise awareness about the dangers of racism and prejudice in the world.
On 17 December 2007, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed a resolution and designated 25 March as International Day of Remembrance of Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade.
As per the resolution, the Secretary-General, in collaboration with UNESCO, should establish an educational outreach program to mobilize educational institutions, civil society, and other organizations to educate the future generations about the reasons, consequences, and lessons of the transatlantic slave trade. It mainly aims to communicate the dangers of racism and prejudice.
15 days ago
International Day for the Right to the Truth Concerning Gross Human Rights Violations and for the Dignity of Victims is observed on 24 March. The day pays tribute to those who have devoted their lives to and lost their lives in the struggle to promote and protect human rights for all.
The day is observed to pay tribute to the memory of Monsignor Óscar Arnulfo Romero. Monsignor Romero was actively engaged in denouncing violations of the human rights of the most vulnerable individuals in El Salvador. He was murdered on 24 March 1980.
In 2006, the UN decided that the people had the right to know the truth about gross human rights violations and serious violations of human rights law. Also, the right was linked to governments' duty and obligation to protect and guarantee human rights, to conduct effective investigations, and to guarantee effective remedy and reparations.
On 21 December 2010, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) designated the observation of 24 March as the International Day for the Right to the Truth concerning Gross Human Rights Violations and for the Dignity of Victims.
15 days ago
World Tuberculosis (TB) Day is observed on 24 March. The aim is to raise public awareness about the devastating health, social, and economic consequences of TB, and to step up efforts to end the global TB epidemic.
The theme of the 2020 World Tuberculosis Day is "It's time." The theme aims to scale up access to prevention and treatment, build accountability, ensure sufficient and sustainable financing including for research, promote an end to stigma and discrimination, and promote an equitable, rights-based, and people-centered TB response.
World Tuberculosis Day:
The date, 24 March, marks the day when Dr.Robert Koch announced the discovery of the bacterium that causes TB in 1882. The discovery opened the way towards diagnosing and curing this disease.
TB is still the world's deadliest infectious killer disease. A study says, each day, over 4000 people lose their lives to TB, and close to 30,000 people fall ill with preventable and curable diseases. Global efforts to combat TB have saved an estimated 58 million lives since the year 2000. In September 2018, Heads of State came together and made strong commitments to end TB at the first-ever UN High-Level Meeting and accelerated the TB response in countries to reach targets.
16 days ago
The World Meteorological day is observed on 23 March. The day is celebrated by the World Meteorological Organization. The day marks the establishment of the World Meteorological Organization.
The theme of the 2020 World Meteorological day is "Climate and Water." The theme focus on climate change for the year 2020 is "Count Every Drop, Every Drop Counts." The day focuses on the challenges posed by the water crisis, floods and droughts, and lack of access to clean supplies.
World Meteorological Day:
World Meteorological Organization was established on 23 March 1950. The day showcases the essential contribution of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services to the safety and wellbeing of society. On this day, several activities are hosted around the world.
World Meteorological Organization:
Formation: 23 March 1950
Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
President: Gerhard Adrian, Germany
Secretary-General: Petteri Taalas, Finland
Member states: 193
WMO functions under the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).
16 days ago
Bihar State observed the Statehood day on 22 March. Bihar Diwas celebrates the birth of Bihar as an independent state. The day aims to celebrate freedom and show gratitude for the beautiful land of Bihar.
Bihar was carved from Bengal in the year 1912. On 22 March 1912, the people came together and created a culture of their own. The State government hosts program to mark the day.
The day is celebrated by hosting cultural events in educational institutions and public premises by local people and eminent personalities.
Formed on: 22 March 1912
Governor: Phagu Chauhan
Chief Minister: Nitish Kumar
The state is bordered by:
♦ Uttar Pradesh to its west
♦ Nepal to the north
♦ Northern part of West Bengal to the east
♦ Jharkhand to the south
16 days ago
World Water Day is observed on 22nd March every year. The day aims to create awareness of the 2.2 billion people living without access to safe water.
The day marks the importance of freshwater and spreads awareness for the sustainable management of freshwater resources. The day aims to revive initiatives and measures to save water.
Water is the essential building block of life. It is essential to protect the health, and hence water is vital for creating jobs and supporting economic, social, and human development.
The theme for the 2020 World Water Day is 'Water and Climate Change.' The theme explores how the two issues are inextricably linked. The 2020 campaign promoted messages around hand-washing and hygiene and gave guidance on staying safe while supporting the campaign, in view of the growing COVID-19 pandemic.
World Water Day is celebrated by hosting a variety of events, including educational, theatrical, musical, or lobbying in nature. The day includes campaigns to raise money for water projects.
The observation of the day was initiated in the year 1992 at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro. United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed a resolution to observe 22 March of each year as the World Day for Water. The day was first observed on 22 March 1993. The day focuses on the importance of freshwater.
World Water Day aims to take action to tackle the global water crisis. The day focuses on supporting the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG-6): water and sanitation for all by 2030.
16 days ago
World Down Syndrome Day was observed on 21st March every year. The observation of the day aims to raise public awareness and understanding of Down syndrome. The congenital disorder is caused by an extra 21st chromosome.
The day aims to showcase the abilities and accomplishments of people with Down syndrome. It also focuses on encouraging independence, self-advocacy, and freedom of choices for people with Down syndrome.
♦ The UN reported that Down Syndrome affects about 1 in 800 births worldwide. It causes intellectual disability and associated medical issues.
♦ Down syndrome is a naturally occurring chromosomal arrangement that has always been a part of the human condition. It is universally present across racial, gender, and socio-economic lines.
♦ Down Syndrome International and many other organizations have organized various activities for World Down Syndrome Day since 2006. In November 2011, the UN decided to officially observe the event from 2012 onwards, inviting governments and businesses to take part in World Down Syndrome Day.
16 days ago
World Poetry Day was observed on 21 March. The day recognizes the unique ability of poetry to capture the creative spirit of the human mind. The day reminds and encourages the oral tradition of poetry recitals. It also promotes the teaching of poetry and restores a dialogue between poetry and the other arts such as theatre, dance, music, and painting. The day supports small publishers and creates an attractive image of poetry in the media.
The World Poetry Day aims to support linguistic diversity through poetic expression and to offer endangered languages the opportunity to be heard within their communities.
The observation of World Poetry Day was adopted during UNESCO's 30th General Conference in Paris in 1999. The aim is to support linguistic diversity through poetic expression and increase the opportunity for endangered languages to be heard.
The days aim to honour poets, writing, and teaching of poetry, revive oral traditions of poetry recitals, promote the reading, foster the convergence between poetry and other arts such as theatre, dance, music, and painting, and raise the visibility of poetry in the media.
16 days ago
International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination is observed on 21 March. The day aims to promote equality and reminds people of the negative consequences of racial discrimination. It encourages people to remember their obligation and determination to combat racial discrimination.
On 23 December 2013, the UN General Assembly proclaimed the International Decade for People of African Descent from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2024. The theme of observation is "People of African descent: recognition, justice, and development".
International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination marks the day when the police in Sharpeville, South Africa, opened fire and killed 69 people at a peaceful demonstration against apartheid pass laws in 1960. The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) aimed to increase the efforts to eliminate all forms of racial discrimination, and it proclaimed the day as the UN Day of observance in 1966. In 1979, the UNGA adopted several activities to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination.
All world states and organizations participated in a program of action to combat racism and racial discrimination in 1983. In 2001, UNGA held the World Conference against Racism and Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia, and Related Intolerance. In 2011, world leaders adopted a political declaration with strong determination to make the fight against racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, and related intolerance, and the protection of the victims at the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action.
18 days ago
International Nowruz Day is celebrated globally on 21 March every year. International Nowruz Day to celebrate Nowruz which is an ancestral festivity and marks the first day of spring as well as the renewal of nature. The values of peace and solidarity among generations and within families hence contributing to cultural diversity and friendship among peoples as well as in different communities.
Nowruz marks the first day of spring celebrated on the occasion of the astronomical vernal equinox that generally occurs on 21 March. It is celebrated by more than 300 million people all around the world as the beginning of the new year honored for over 3,000 years in the Balkans, the Black Sea Basin, the Caucasus, Central Asia, the Middle East, and other regions.
18 days ago
United Nations celebrates International Day of Forest on March 21. The Day is celebrated since 2012.
To increase awareness and importance of forests
"Forests and Biodiversity"
March 21 has chosen to mark the international day of forests as it is the Vernal Equinox in the northern hemisphere and autumnal equinox. The organizers are the United Nations Forum on Forests and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), in collaboration with Governments, the Collaborative Partnership on Forests and other relevant organizations in the field.
The Day celebrates and raises awareness of the importance of all types of forests. On each International Day of Forests, countries are encouraged to undertake local, national and international efforts to organize activities involving forests and trees, such as tree-planting campaigns. The theme for each International Day of Forests is chosen by the Collaborative Partnership on Forests. Forests are the most biologically diverse ecosystems on land, home to more than 80% of the terrestrial species of animals, plants, and insects.
19 days ago
French Language Day is observed on 20th March. The day explores the influences of the language as a culture, its history, and its achievements. The day celebrates multilingualism and cultural diversity.
The French language day is celebrated annually in order to celebrate multilingualism and cultural diversity and to promote equal use of all six official working languages throughout the organization.
The observation of French language day was established by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in 2010. The United Nations named six language days in recognition of the six official languages of the UN in 2010. It aimed to bring attention to the history, culture, and achievements of each of the languages. The UN selected 20 March to celebrated the French Language Day in honor of the 40th anniversary of the International Organization of La Francophonie.
French was developed from Latin between the 5th and 8th centuries. It is one of the Romance languages spoken in the world. French is spoken in more than 25 countries. French was the most important language of diplomacy and international relations from the 17th century to approximately the middle of the 20th century.
19 days ago
World Sparrow Day is observed on 20th March. It is observed every year. The day aims to raise awareness about the importance of sparrows in the ecosystem. It also conveys the message of conservation of sparrows that are disappearing faster than other common birds.
The theme for the 2020 World Sparrow Day is 'I Love Sparrow.' The day aims to teach the public about the threat of polluted urban environments and non-caring humans to the house sparrow population and to other common bird species.
The World Sparrow Day was initiated by the founder of The Nature Forever Society, Mohammed Dilawar. He also started many projects, including the BiodiverCity Photo Competition, the annual Sparrow Awards, Project Save Our Sparrows, and the Common Bird Monitoring of India program. The first World Sparrow Day was observed in the year 2010. In 2011, the World Sparrow Awards were instituted. The award recognizes the individuals who have made the biggest contributions toward conserving the environment and protecting common species.
19 days ago
International Day of Happiness is celebrated on 20 March. The day aims to inspire and advance the global happiness movement. The campaign theme for the year 2020 is 'Happiness For All, Together.' The campaign is a global celebration to mark the United Nations International Day of Happiness.
International Happiness Day was founded and conceptualised by Jayme Illien, the CEO of the United Nations New World Order project, in 2006. The main idea behind celebrating the day is to establish happiness as a fundamental human right among the masses. It was one of the goals of the United Nations (UN) to celebrate the happiness, freedom, and well-being of mankind on earth.
In 2011, the UN General Assembly (UNGA) adopted a resolution which recognized happiness as a "fundamental human goal" International Happiness Day was celebrated for the first time in 2013.
20 days ago
The Ordnance Factory Day is observed on the 18 March. The Ordnance Factories are observing their 219th foundation day this year. The day marks the establishment of the first Ordnance Factory on 18 March 1801. The first factory is known as the 'Gun and Shell Factory' at Cossipore in Kolkata.
The Ordnance Factories are a conglomerate of 41 ordnance factories. It functions under the aegis of its corporate headquarters Ordnance Factory Board (OFB), in Kolkata. OFB has evolved as one of the largest defence manufacturing conglomerates in the world, with more than 90% of indigenous content and a strong technological and R&D infrastructure that currently contributes to 255 of the revenue.
Ordnance Factory Board (OFB):
In 1712, the Dutch Ostend Company's Gun Powder Factory at Ichhapur was established. It came with a new effect on 2 April 1979. It is headquartered at Kolkata, West Bengal.
The Indian Ordnance Factories organization is a family of 41 Ordnance Factories. It possesses 200 years of experience in defence production. OFB is engaged in the marketing, research, testing, and logistics of a comprehensive product range in the areas of air, land, and sea systems. OFB functions under the Department of Defence Production of the Ministry of Defence (MoD).
25 days ago
International Pi (π) day is observed on 14 March. The day was chosen as 3, 1, and 4, which are the first three significant digits of π.
Pi is one of the most well-known mathematical constants. It is the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter. It is represented by the lower-case Greek letter π. For any circle, the distance around the edge is a little more than three times the distance across. The irrational number is most often approximated with the decimal 3.14 or the fraction 22/7.
Pi has been known for almost 4000 years. Mathematicians started to use the Greek letter π in the 1700s. It was introduced by William Jones in 1706. The use of the symbol was popularized by Leonhard Euler, who adopted it in 1737. An 18th-century French mathematician, Georges Buffon, devised a way to calculate π based on probability.
25 days ago
International Day of Action for Rivers is observed on 14 March. This year, the 22nd annual International Day of Action for Rivers is observed. The day aims to stress the importance of rivers and how it affects the lives of the people. The theme of 2020 International Day of Action for Rivers is Women, Water, and Climate Change.
The International Day of Action Against Dams and For Rivers, Water and Life was initiated at the first International Meeting of People Affected by Dams at Curitiba Brazil in March 1997. Representatives from 20 countries decided the designate 14 March as the observation of International Day of Action, which coincides with Brazil's Day of Action Against Large Dams. The day was designated to raise people's voices against destructive water development projects, reclaim the health of our watersheds, and demand the equitable and sustainable management of our rivers.
25 days ago
World Sleep Day is observed on 13 March. The day focuses on the issues related to sleep, sleep medicine, education about sleep. The day raises awareness about the social effects that sleep deprivation can have on everyday life.
World Sleep Day:
World Sleep Day aims to help those who have sleep problems, educate people all over about the importance of sleep, and change the way people view and experience sleep by giving people valuable resources to help them in their daily lives.
World Sleep day was organized by the World Sleep Day Committee of World Sleep Society. According to the American Sleep Association, over 50 to 70 million people have a sleeping disorder, over 25 million have sleep apnoea, and the most commonly reported sleep problem is insomnia. The Society sought to encourage the development and exchange of information for world-wide and regional standards of practice for sleep medicine.
World Sleep Society:
World Sleep Society was established in 2016. The Society was jointly founded by the World Sleep Federation (WSF) and the World Association of Sleep Medicine (WASM). World Sleep Society currently represents individual members and societies from around the world.
27 days ago
World Kidney Day is observed on 12 March. It is celebrated on the second Thursday of March every year. The day aims to create awareness and educate people about the importance of kidneys to overall health and to reduce the frequency and impact of kidney disease and associated health problems worldwide. As a part of the 2020 campaign, the #MyGr8Rule challenge was launched on 8 February.
The theme of the 2020 World Kidney day is "Kidney Health for Everyone Everywhere–from Prevention to Detection and Equitable Access to Care." The theme stresses the need to strive for kidney health for everyone everywhere. The theme also highlights to focus on the importance of preventive interventions to avert the onset and progression of kidney disease.
♦ The day highlights that diabetes and high blood pressure are key risk factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD).
♦ It encourages the systematic screening of all patients with diabetes and hypertension for CKD.
♦ It also encourages preventive behaviors and educate all healthcare professionals about their key role in detecting and reducing the risk of CKD.
♦ The day encourages transplantation as a best-outcome option for kidney failure, and the act of organ donation as a life-saving initiative.
World Kidney Day was jointly instituted by the International Society of Nephrology (ISN) and the International Federation of Kidney Foundations (IFKF). The day was first observed in 2006 by 66 countries.
31 days ago
International Women’s Day is observed every year on March 8 to celebrate the women’s movement and struggle for equality.
I am Generation Equality: Realizing Women’s Rights
To bring together people of every gender, age, ethnicity, race, religion, and country in a bid to drive actions that will lead to a gender-equal world we all deserve.
Women still refused to primary education and healthcare. They receive less pay for equal work. Men and boys, on the other hand, are victims of oppressive masculinity and are made to feel entitled to decide for the women in their life.
The women’s day will be celebrated in the wake of the 25th anniversary of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, which is termed by the UN Women as the most visionary agenda for women’s rights and empowerment everywhere. The body also came out with a report to review the effect of the Beijing Declaration. The main aim is to bring stronger movement and a more inclusive march towards equality.
35 days ago
National Security Day or Rashtriya Suraksha Diwas is observed on 4 March every year in India. The day aims to appreciate the work of security forces as they play a major role in maintaining the peace and security of the people in the country. On this day, the leaders, officials, and people pay homage to the soldiers who died while saving the country.
The day promotes the security forces that continuously work for the nation. It aims to remind the people about the personal duties of the security forces towards the country.
National Security Day is observed on 4th March as the day marks the day of establishment of the National Security Council (NSC) of India. The day aims to spread the Safety, Health, and Environment (SHE) movement to various parts of the country.
National Security Council (NSC):
NSC was established on 4 March 1966 by the Government of India. The council functions under the Ministry of Labour. It focuses on promoting SHE at the national level in order to develop and sustain the voluntary movement. The council was registered under the Societies Registration Act 1860 and the Bombay Public Trust Act 1950. It conducts special training courses, seminars, workshops, conferences and provides consultancy studies like safety audits, hazard evaluation, and risk assessment, etc.
36 days ago
World Hearing Day is observed globally on 3rd of March every year to raise awareness on how to prevent deafness and hearing loss and promote ear and hearing care across the world.
The theme of 2020 World Hearing Day is Hearing for life. Don’t let hearing loss limit you
About the Day
It highlights that timely and effective intervention will ensure that people with hearing loss can achieve their full potential.WHO decides the theme and develops a brochure on the topic based on the best available evidence as well as advocacy materials such as posters, banners, infographics and presentations, among others. These materials are shared with partners in government and civil society around the world as well as WHO colleagues across the Organization. WHO organizes an annual World Hearing Day seminar. The Member States and other partner agencies have joined World Hearing Day by hosting a range of activities and events in their countries. WHO invites all stakeholders to join this global initiative.
37 days ago
World Hearing Day is observed on 3 March every year. The day raises awareness on how to prevent deafness and hearing loss and promote ear and hearing care across the world.
The theme of 2020 World Hearing Day is "Don't let hearing loss limit you. Hearing for life!". It highlights that timely and effective intervention will ensure that people with hearing loss can achieve their full potential.
At all life stages, communication and good hearing health connect an individual to each other, communities, and the world. For people who have hearing loss, timely interventions can facilitate access to education, employment, and communication. Globally, there is a lack of access to interventions to address hearing loss, such as hearing aids. Early intervention should be made available through the health system.
37 days ago
World Wildlife Day is observed on 3 March. The day aims to celebrate beautiful and varied forms of wild fauna and flora. It raises awareness to conserve wildlife.
The theme of 2020 World Wildlife Day is "Sustaining all life on Earth". The theme encompasses all wild animal and plant species as a component of biodiversity and the livelihoods of people. The observation aligns with UN Sustainable Development Goals 1, 12, 14 and 15. It focuses to ensure sustainable use of resources, and on conserving life both on land and below water to stop biodiversity loss.
The 16th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES (CoP16) held in Bangkok passed a resolution and designated 3 March as the World Wildlife Day. The outcomes of CITES CoP16 were transmitted to the UNGA.
On 20 December 2013, the 68th session of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) decided to designated 3 March as World Wildlife Day. The date also marks the day of the adoption of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) in 1973. CITES ensures that international trade does not threaten the survival of any species. The Secretariat of the CITES, in collaboration with other relevant United Nations organizations, facilitates the implementation of World Wildlife Day.
38 days ago
Zero Discrimination Day is observed on 1 March. The day promotes diversity and recognizes that everyone counts. The symbol for Zero Discrimination Day is the butterfly. It is used by people to share their stories and photos as a way to end discrimination and work towards positive transformation.
The United Nations celebrated Zero Discrimination Day on 1 March 2014, after UNAIDS. UNAIDS is a program on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) launched its Zero Discrimination Campaign on World AIDS Day in December 2013.
38 days ago
World Defence Day is celebrated on 1 March 2020. The day is observed to raise awareness of public protection from natural and technogenic disasters and rescue service work.
World Civil Defense Day was instituted by the International Civil Defense Organization (ICDO) General Assembly in 1990. It commemorates the day when the ICDO Constitution came into force as an intergovernmental organization in 1972.
ICDO was established by French Surgeon-General George Saint-Paul in 1931 in Paris. It was recognized by the French Parliament in June 1935 and in 1972 it achieved the status of an intergovernmental organization. The Constitution of ICDO has two main purposes that are aimed to bring attention of the world public to the vital importance of Civil Protection, raise awareness of the preparedness for self-protection and preventive measures to be taken in the event of accidents or disasters and pay tribute to the efforts and sacrifices of the national services responsible for the fight against disasters.
39 days ago
Government of India paid tribute to former PM Morarji Desai on his 124th birth anniversary on 29 February. President Ram Nath Kovind, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and State leaders paid tribute the late former PM. His birth anniversary is celebrated every four years.
Morarji Desai was born in Bulsar district of Gujarat on 29 February 1896. He graduated from the Wilson Civil Service of the then Bombay Province in 1918. He served as a Deputy Collector for 12 years. In 1937, he became Minister for Revenue, Agriculture, Forest and Co-operatives in the Ministry headed by Shri B.G. Kher in the then Bombay Province. In 1946, he became the Minister for Home and Revenue in Bombay. Desai served as the Prime Minister between March 1977 and July 1979 succeeding Indira Gandhi. He died on 10 April 1995. He strictly followed Mahatma Gandhi’s principles.
39 days ago
World rare disease day is observed on 28/29 (last day of) February. The day aims to raise awareness for the millions of people who are impacted by a rare disease. It aims to educate people about rare diseases and their impacts.
The theme of the day is "Reframe Rare". The theme encourages everyone to take steps to clarify many of the misconceptions that can make people with rare diseases feel isolated and affect the quality of care and support they receive. The Slogan for 2020 is "Rare is Many. Rare is Strong. Rare is Proud."
Any disease that affects fewer than 200,000 people is considered a rare disease in the United States. This definition is derived from the Orphan Drug Act of 1983. There are more than 7,000 rare diseases that affect 25-30 million Americans. 1 in 20 people are dealing with a rare disease. These people struggle to receive a proper diagnosis, find information and get treatment.
The World rare disease day was first launched by the European Organization for Rare Disorders (EURORDIS) and its Council of National Alliances on 29 February 2008, a rare date that comes only once in four years. Since then the day is observed on the last day of February. In 2009. the US joined with EURORIDS. By 2017, over 94 countries joined the alliance.
The official sponsor of the day is the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) in the United States and EURORDIS. The sponsors organize the official international campaign.
40 days ago
National Science Day (NSD) is celebrated on 28 February in India. The day is celebrated every year to commemorate the discovery of the 'Raman Effect' by the Indian physicist Sir CV Raman.
The main objective of the day is to raise awareness to people about the importance of science in daily life. The day aims to encourage people by popularizing Science and Technology.
The theme of 2020 National Science Day is 'Women in Science'.
♦ Various activities such as debates, science exhibitions, speeches, quiz competitions, lectures, etc. are organized in all the schools, colleges, universities and other academic institutions across the country.
♦ On this, President Ram Nath Kovind will confer awards to women scientists for their research achievements at a function at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi.
♦ 5 Indian women scientists are to be awarded under SERB Women excellence awards and National Award for Young Woman Showing Excellence.
Sir CV Raman:
Sir CV Raman was born on 7 November 1888, at Tiruchirappalli in Tamil Nadu. In 1904, he obtained a B.Sc degree from the University of Madras and won the gold medal in Physics. In 1907, he got his Master's degree at the University of Madras. He worked at the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science in Kolkata from 1907 to 1933. He did various research on various topics in Physics. On 28 February 1928, Raman and Indian physicist KS Krishnan led an experiment on the scattering of light. He then discovered the Raman effect. Raman Effect explains the effect on the scattering of light as it passes through different materials. In 1930, Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery. Raman established the Raman Research Institute in Bangalore. Raman passed away on 21 November 1970.
40 days ago
National Protein Day was observed on 27 February. The day is observed every year. The day marks the annual commemorative day to rally Indians towards the mission of protein awareness and sufficiency.
The theme of India Protein Day 2020 is #ProteinMeinKyaHai. The theme aims to spread more knowledge about protein. The main objective of the day is to bring about a behavioral change by persuading Indians to eat adequate protein in every meal.
The India Protein day was launched on 27 February 2020 under the Right to Protein, a national-level public health initiative. The day was launched to draw public attention, raise awareness, and educate India on the health benefits of protein. The day is observed in many countries globally.
Right to Protein:
Right to Protein initiative is India's first advocacy program that calls for the right to adequate protein as the core of nutrition for India. The initiative aims to improve the quality and consistency of different types of protein consumed in India. It also aims to lead to greater protein consumption by poultry, livestock, and pisciculture & aquaculture, including fish & shrimp farming.
41 days ago
World NGO Day is observed on 27 February. The day aims to raise awareness about the Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) sector. The day is observed every year to encourage people worldwide who are involved and dedicatedly working for a good cause.
The day aims to highlight the achievements and success of NGOs from all the sectors across the globe. The day aims to make people understand the role of NGOs in society.
The observation of World NGO Day was founded in 2009 by Law student Marcis Liors Skadmanis. The observation of the day was officially declared by 12 countries on 17 April 2010. It was internationally recognized on 27 February 2014 by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
NGO is a non-profit association that is independent. It is not a state or an international institution. NGOs play a major role in international development, aid, and philanthropy.
44 days ago
Central Excise Day is celebrated on 24 February in India. The day recognizes the contribution of the Central Board of Excise and Customs (at present Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs). The day marks the enactment of the Central Excise and Salt Act in 1944.
The day aims honours the contribution of the Central Board of Excise and Custom to India's economy. The day recognizes the hard work and accomplishments of its employees.
♦ On this day, seminars, workshops, educational and cultural events, awareness programs, competitions, and award ceremonies will be organized.
♦ The most outstanding employees of the excise and customs department will be rewarded with special prizes for their service to the Indian government.
Central Board of Excise and Custom:
The Central Board of Excise and Custom (CBEC) is one of the oldest government agencies in India. It was established in 1855 as the Customs and General Excise department. CBEC was renamed as the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC). Currently, it functions under the Department of Revenue in the Ministry of Finance. It is responsible for administering matters relating to customs, central excise, service tax, and narcotics. It is responsible for collecting excise duty, service tax, customs duty, and narcotics duty, preventing smuggling and drug trafficking.
47 days ago
International Mother Language Day is observed on 21 February. The day is observed every year to promote linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism.
The theme for 2020 International Mother Language Day is "Languages without borders". The theme aims to promote unity in diversity and international understanding, through multilingualism and multiculturalism.
Linguistic diversity is threatened as more languages disappear. 40% of the population does not have access to an education in a language they speak or understand. Mother tongue-based multilingual education should be made progress. Recently, there seems a growing understanding of its importance, especially in early schooling, and more commitment to its development in public life.
In November 1999, the International Mother Language Day was designated by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). The day has been observed since February 2000. On 16 May 2007, as a measure to promote the preservation and protection of all languages used by peoples of the world, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) proclaimed 2008 as the International Year of Languages. UNGA also named UNESCO to serve as the lead agency for the Year.
48 days ago
Indian states of Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh celebrated the Statehood Day on 20 February. The culture of Arunachal Pradesh is special. The people are known for their wonderful nature and patriotic zeal. Similarly, the people of Mizoram are known for their valour and rich value systems. It holds the rich Mizo culture and the contribution of the state towards India's progress.
Statehood day: 20 February 1987
Governor: P. S. Sreedharan Pillai
Chief Minister: Zoramthanga
Official language: Mizo, English, and Hindi
Statehood day: 20 February 1987
Governor: Brig. (Dr.) B.D. Mishra (Retd.)
Chief Minister: Pema Khandu
Official languages: English
48 days ago
World Day of Social Justice is observed on 20 February. It is observed every year to encourage people to look at how social justice affects poverty eradication.
The theme for the year 2020 is "Closing the Inequalities Gap to Achieve Social Justice". The theme focuses to uphold the principles of social justice by promoting gender equality, or the rights of indigenous peoples and migrants.
On 10 June 2008, the International Labour Organization (ILO) adopted the ILO Declaration on Social Justice for a Fair Globalization. It is one of the major principles and policies adopted by the International Labour Conference. The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) recognized that to achieve and maintain peace and security, social development and social justice are crucial.
In March 1995, the World Summit for Social Development was held in Copenhagen, Denmark. Many governments reached a new consensus on the need to put people at the centre of development. The world leaders focused on the goal of achieving full employment and support for social integration. On 26 November 2007, UNGA declared the observation of the World Day of Social Justice on 20 February every year. The World Day of Social Justice was first observed in 2009.
49 days ago
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti is celebrated on 19 February. He was an embodiment of courage, compassion and good governance. His life continues to motivate millions. The year 2020 marks the 390th birth anniversary of great Maratha warrior Shivaji. PM Narendra Modi paid his tribute to India's great hero.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj:
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was a valorous warrior and an outstanding administrator. He was born 19 February 1630, at Shivneri Fort. He built a strong navy to usher several pro-people policies. He opposed injustice and intimidation. In 1664, he sacked the Mughal trading port of Surat. In June 1665, Shivaji and Raja Jai Singh I signed the Treaty of Purandar. In October 1670, he harassed the British forces at Bombay for their support of the Mughals. He fell ill and died on 3 April 1680 at Raigad.
♦ Shivaji Jayanti is celebrated as a public holiday in Maharashtra.
♦ The day is celebrated on a grand scale in the state.
♦ The celebration was first started in 1870 in Pune by Mahatma Jyotirao Phule. He discovered the tomb of Shivaji Maharaj on Raigad.
49 days ago
The Soil Health Card Day is observed on 19 February. The day commemorates the day Soil Health Card Scheme which was launched on 19 February 2015 by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi at Suratgarh, Rajasthan.
Soil health card scheme:
♦ The scheme aims to assess the nutrient status of every farm holding in India.
♦ The scheme was introduced to assist State Governments to issue Soil Health Card (SHC) to all farmers in the country.
♦ So far, a total of Rs.751.42 crore has been released under the scheme.
♦ The scheme aims to issue soil health cards to farmers every 2 years so as to provide a basis to address nutritional deficiencies in fertilization practices.
♦ The scheme will assist State Governments to issue soil health cards to all farmers in the country.
♦ Under the component of Soil Health Management of National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA), the government is promoting soil test based balanced and integrated nutrient management in the country.
♦ GoI has set up laboratories for soil testing, bio-fertilizer and compost unit, use of micronutrients, training, etc. to strengthen soil quality. Soil testing is developed in order to promote soil test based on nutrient management.
♦ Soil health will lead to Sustainable Farming.
♦ Soil health card provides information to farmers on nutrient status of their soil along with recommendation on appropriate dosage of nutrients to be applied for improving soil health and its fertility.
♦ A report released by National Productivity Council (NPC) in 2017 stated that the SHC scheme has promoted sustainable farming and led to a decrease in the use of chemical fertilizer applications in the range of 8-10%. It showed an overall increase in the yield of crops to the tune of 5-6% was reported due to the application of fertilizer and micronutrients according to the recommendations available in the Soil Health Cards.
The year 2015 was observed as the International Year of Soils.
53 days ago
Madhya Pradesh forest department radio-tagged an Indian Pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) for the first time to know its ecology and develop an effective conservation plan for it. The team successfully rehabilitated two Indian pangolins in the wild. This is the first-ever case of successful rehabilitation effort of the species where the released individuals are monitored in the wild using telemetry to ensure a better success rate. The measure comes as the world gets ready to observe the ninth ‘World Pangolin Day’ on February 15, 2020.
It is an international attempt to raise awareness about pangolins and bring together various stakeholders to help protect them from extinction. Pangolins are currently the most trafficked wildlife species in the world. Commonly known as ‘scaly anteaters.
Pangolins evolved scales as a means of protection. big carnivores like lions or tigers, they usually curl into a ball. The levels defend them against dental attacks from predators. This unique protection mechanism has now become the leading cause of the pangolin’s disappearance. The scales are in high demand in China, where they are used in traditional Chinese medicine. Pangolin meat is also in the top order in China and Southeast Asia. Consequently, pangolins have seen a rapid reduction in population globally. The projected population declines range from 50 percent to 80 percent across the genus. The species are protected and listed under the Schedule I Part I of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 and under Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). However, despite protective measures, pangolins in India are widely exploited and traded both domestically and internationally.
54 days ago
Valentine's day is celebrated on 14 February every year. The day marks the death anniversary of Saint Valentine. To celebrate the day, all the lovers in the world express their feelings and remember Saint Valentine. People exchange gifts, cards, chocolates, flowers and express their feelings.
The day commemorates the anniversary of a Christian martyr Saint Valentine's death around 270 A.D. Valentine's Day is celebrated across the globe. The day is popularly celebrated in Australia, Argentina, Britain, Canada, France, Mexico, and South Korea, the United States, etc.