2 days ago
International Day for the Eradication of Poverty is observed annually on October 17 all over the globe. It is celebrated to create awareness to know about those who are struggling and living in poverty.
International Day for the Eradication of Poverty is celebrated to create awareness about the people who are suffering and living in poverty. It is much essential to eradicate poverty across the globe, especially in developing countries.
The Theme for the year 2020 is "Acting together to achieve social and environmental justice for all". This Theme intends on equal justice to all besides poor or rich.
On December 22, 1992, a resolution 47/196 was adopted by the General Assembly and declared October 17 as the International Day for the Eradication of poverty. All the States and people are invited to promote the day and do various activities to eradicate poverty and deprivation.
♦ Over ten years, 271 million people have escaped poverty from India, India came down to 2nd potion from being the home for most poverty population.
♦ The poverty rate is dropping rapidly in India, and if this continues consistently, India might able to eradicate poverty by 2030.
♦ Many fund-raising programs, government events, food distribution, awareness camps and more international day for poverty eradication activities are organized to support the Eradication of poverty.
♦ But recently, the poverty eradication developments in the country took a hit when India slipped to 102nd Rank in the Global Hunger Index.
3 days ago
World Food Day is observed across the globe with the view of honouring the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO). World Food Day is observed on 16 October every year all over the world to generate awareness about the need for food and to ensure food security.
World Food Day aims to generate awareness for those who suffer from hunger and also focuses to provide nutritious diet to all. The day ensures that the food is a basic right for each and every human in the world.
The theme for this year's World Food Day 2020 is “Grow, Nourish, Sustain. Together. Our actions are our future.” The theme intends to state that food is very essential for every human being and our present goals in our food security will reflect in the future.
♦ World Food Day 2020 marks the 75th anniversary of the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO).
♦ The day emphasizes one of our sustainable goals that is Zero hunger.
♦ Amid Covid-19 pandemic, World Food Day 2020 aims to highlight how food and agriculture are an essential part of the COVID-19 response.
♦ Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be releasing a commemorative coin on the occasion of World Food Day on October 16, 2020.
♦ World Food Day is celebrated by several organisations like the International Fund for Agricultural Development, the World Food Program, etc.
The member countries of FAO established World Food Day on November 1979 at the organisations 20th General Conference and called for the observance of World Food Day on 16 October, 1981. Since 1981, World Food Day is celebrated every year with a special theme.
Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO):
FAO is a specialised agency of the United Nations (UN) that works towards defeating hunger. FAO aims to make sure that people have daily access to adequate and quality food. It also aims to achieve food security for all to lead active healthy lives. It has 194 member states and it works in over 130 countries all over the world.
4 days ago
The National Federation of the Blind celebrates “White Cane Awareness Day” every year on 15 October. For blind people, the white cane is an essential tool that gives us the ability to achieve a full and independent life. It allows us to move freely and safely from place to place, whether it's at work, at school, or around our neighbourhoods.
♦ World White Cane Day is also known as White Cane Safety Day is celebrated every year on October 15.
♦ The day was first marked in 1964 in United States by President Lyndon B Johnson.
♦ In 2011, President Barack Obama named the day as Blind Americans Equality Day.
♦ The day is now observed worldwide and recognises the movement of blind people from dependency to active participation in society. It also celebrates the achievement of blind people.
White cane and its significance
White cane is an important mobility tool and a symbol of independence. Canes have been used by blind people for centuries but white cane was not in use before the 20th century. It was introduced in the US in the 1930s and it helped motorists identify blind people walking on the streets. The cane has now become a symbol of freedom, independence, and confidence. It enables a blind person to move freely and helps in accomplishing daily tasks.
How it works?
Blind people use their hearing and touch sense to understand the environment around them. It helps them in assessing the situation, directions, obstacles, and take decisions quickly without any hesitation. The tool enables the person in doing almost everything in his or her life without much difficulty.
4 days ago
World Students Day is celebrated on October 15 that marks the birth anniversary of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam. The day was first celebrated in 2010 to honour the students for their hard work and determination.
The theme of World Students Day 2020 is‘Learning for people, planet, prosperity, and peace’. This theme intends to highlight the centrality of development ambitions for our collectivity with humanitarian objectives. The day is celebrated to pay honor to the students from all across the globe for their hard work, dedication, and determination.
Key facts about the day
♦ Every year the “World students day” is celebrated across the globe.
♦ It was first celebrated in 2010 in the UN (United Nations) on Dr APJ Abdul Kalam’s birthday when he was 79 years old.
♦ The day is celebrated to honour the most loved President of India who was a scientist, a teacher, an author among many other roles that he played.
♦ Dr Kalam was born on October 15, 1931, in Rameshwaram, Tamil Nadu, and studied physics and aerospace engineering.
♦ He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation) and ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation).
♦ His favourite job was teaching and that is how he wanted the world to remember him. His death also happened while doing what he loves the most. Dr. Kalam was delivering a lecture to the students of IIM (Indian Institute of Management) Shillong when he fell down the stage suffering a stroke and passed away on July 27, 2015.
♦ Dr. Kalam was the author of three books and recipient of several awards including Padma Bhushan, Padma Vibhushan, Bharat Ratna, Veer Savarkar Award, Ramanujan Award.
He was also called 'Missile Man of India' for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. Many educational institutes, scientific institutions, and some locations were named after his death.
4 days ago
International Day of Rural Women is observed on 15 October every year by the United Nations. International Rural Women’s day is observed annually on 15 October all over the globe.
The day is celebrated in the view of empowering the women community all over the world. The day emphasizes that world’s future sustainability will be supported by rural girls and women.
Theme of 2020 is “Building rural women’s resilience in the wake of COVID-19” or “building back better” by strengthening rural women’s sustainable livelihoods and wellbeing.
The resolution for the celebration of International Day of Rural Women was first passed in the year 2007 and it was started to celebrate from the year 2008. The Indian government has launched various schemes for the empowerment of rural women which includes Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala scheme (providing LPG connections in rural areas), Anandadhara Yojana, a poverty-alleviation program through self-help groups.
5 days ago
World Standards Day is observed on 14 October annually. World Standards Day is celebrated in the view of paying tribute to efforts of thousands of experts in the world who were involved in developing the voluntary technical agreements that are published as International Standards.
Each and every year the day is celebrated with a theme. The theme of 2020 World Standards Day is “Protecting the Planet with Standards”. The theme addresses protecting our earth from negative human impact using international standards.
The official celebration of World Standards day started in 1970 and initially, in 1946, 25 countries were gathered in London for the 1st time and decided for the annual celebration. It is celebrated by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) in India. Standardization is more beneficial and it promotes the economic aspects of the nations and the Standardization process includes testing, quality checking, auditing, certifying etc. The experts honoured in this day are from the organisations of American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), International Organization for Standardization (ISO), International Telecommunication Union (ITU), Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF).
6 days ago
October is observed as the Breast Cancer Awareness Month every year across the globe. It helps to increase attention and support for the awareness, early detection and treatment and palliative care of this disease. The annual campaign of Breast Cancer Awareness Month aims to increase awareness of the disease.
IARC Globocan, 2008 reports states that there are about 1.38 million new cases and 458 000 deaths from breast cancer each year. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. In both the low- and middle-income countries the incidence has been rising steadily in the previous years due to increase in life expectancy, adoption of western lifestyles, and increased urbanization.
The main cause of breast cancer is unknown. The early detection of breast cancer is the cornerstone of breast cancer control. If breast cancer is detected early, and with adequate diagnosis and treatment there is a good chance that breast cancer can be cured. If breast cancer is detected late, the curative treatment is often no longer an option. The majority of deaths due to breast cancer is due to the late diagnosis of cancer due to lack of awareness on early detection and barriers to health services.
As apart of national cancer control plans, the World Health Organization (WHO) promotes comprehensive breast cancer control programmes. WHO recommends early detection strategies for low- and middle-income countries are awareness of early symptoms and signs and screening by clinical breast examination in demonstration areas. Also, Mammography screening for breast cancer is very costly and feasible only in developed countries and countries with good health infrastructure that can afford a long-term programme.
6 days ago
International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction (IDDRR) is observed on 13 October every year. The day aims to raise awareness about the importance of reining in the risks that people and communities around the world face due to disasters.
The theme of 2020 International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction is "Disaster risk governance". The Covid-19 pandemic and the climate emergency urges a plan, clear vision, and competent, empowered institutions acting on scientific evidence for the public good.
International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction was initiated in 1989. The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) established the observation of the day to promote a global culture of risk-awareness and disaster reduction. The day is observed to celebrate how people and communities around the world are reducing their exposure to disasters. The day aims to increase awareness about the importance of reining in the risks that they face.
Sendai Seven campaign:
The United Nations Office launched the Sendai Seven campaign for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) in 2016. The campaign has seven targets and 38 indicators to measure progress on reducing disaster losses. It aims to promote all the sectors to reduce disaster risk and disaster losses. The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction is action-oriented and people-focussed in the approach to disaster risk reduction and applies to the risk of small- and large-scale disasters that are caused by man-made, or natural hazards, and related environmental, technological and biological hazards and risks.
14 days ago
World Teachers' Day is observed on 5 October every year. The day aims to provide a great opportunity to appreciate and thank all the teachers of the world who have gone out of their way to make sure no one is left behind. World Teachers' Day 2020 assumes huge significance amid the Covid-19 pandemic.
The theme for 2020 World Teachers' Day is "Teachers: Leading in crisis, reimagining the future." The theme focuses to celebrate the teaching profession worldwide, draw attention to the voices of teachers, and take stock of achievements. Teachers are at the heart of efforts to attain the global education target of leaving no one behind.
World Teachers' Day is observed annually on 5 October since 1994. The Day commemorates the anniversary of the adoption of the 1966 International Labour Organization (ILO)/ United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Recommendation concerning the Status of Teachers. The day is is co-convened in partnership with UNICEF, the International Labour Organization and Education International.
14 days ago
World Habitat Day 2020 is observed on the First Monday of October every year. The day is observed on 5th October with an aim to raise awareness about the importance of achieving sustainable development simultaneously. It also aims to provide shelter and basic amenities and improve the conditions of every human settlement.
World Habitat Day was declared first in 1985 by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) after passing a resolution 40/202. The day was first celebrated in the year 1986. World Habitat Day is to remind us to be self-disciplined and be responsible citizens and to make people aware that they have the power to change, improve and reshape the future of our cities and living conditions of our fellow human beings.
16 days ago
World Animal Welfare Day is celebrated on 4th October across the world. The day aims to raise awareness about improving the welfare standards of the animals across the world and also to celebrate the relationship between humankind and animal kingdom. It also aims to educate the world and full regard to their welfare.
World Animal Day The day was first organized by Heinrich Zimmermann on 24th March 1925, at Sports Palace in Berlin, Germany. More than 5,000 people attended the first event. Initially, it was scheduled for 4th October to align with Saint Francis of Assisi feast day. In 1929, World Animal Day was celebrated on 4th October for the first time. World Animal Welfare Day was first started in 1931 at a convention of ecologists in Florence, Italy, to highlight the importance of endangered species.
17 days ago
International Day of Non-Violence is annually observed on 2 October every year. International Day of Non-Violence 2020 is observed on the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, who was a great leader of the Indian independence movement. Gandhi was a pioneer of the philosophy and non-violence strategy.
On 15 June 2007, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed the resolution A/RES/61/271 and designated the observation of the International Day of Non-Violence on 2 October every year. The Day was established with an aim to secure tolerance, the culture of peace, understanding, and non-violence. International Day of Non-Violence 2020 is observed on the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, who was a great leader of the Indian independence movement.
18 days ago
Gandhi Jayanti is observed on 2 October. Mahatma Gandhi is known as Father of the Nation. Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated across the country and it is one of the national holidays.
M.K. Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869. He was known for his non-violence protest during the British rule. He was a leading figure of freedom movements whether in India or South Africa. India got freedom from colonial rule with his efforts.
Major events in the freedom struggle:
♦ In 1906-07, Satyagraha in South Africa
♦ In 1910, Satyagraha against emigration and restriction in Natal
♦ In 1917, Champaran Satyagraha
♦ In 1917-1918, Kheda Satyagraha
♦ In 1919, Khilafat Movement
♦ In 1920, Non-Cooperation Movement
♦ In 1930, Civil-Disobedience Movement
♦ In 1942, Quit India Movement
The above major movements that were led by Mahatma Gandhi helped India in attaining freedom from the British rule. Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu nationalist, on 30 January 1948.
18 days ago
International Day for the Elderly is observed on 1 October. It aims to raise awareness of the opportunities and challenges of ageing in today’s world. The day highlights the important contributions that are made by the older people to society.
A study stated that almost 700 million people are over the age of 60. About 20% (2 billion) of the world’s population, will be 60 or older by 2050. In the developing world, the increase in the number of older people will be the greatest. Currently, Asia is the region with the largest number of older persons.
The theme of 2020 International Day for the Elderly is “Pandemics: Do They Change How We Address Age and Ageing?”. The theme focuses to honor and respect the contributions that older individuals make to the society.
On 14 December 1990, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed the resolution 45/106 to designate 1 October as the International Day of Older Persons. The Day was announced because of various initiatives taken in the Vienna International Plan of Action on Ageing. In 1991, UNGA adopted the United Nations’ Principles for Older Persons that requires all governments to expand supports to older persons
19 days ago
International Translation Day is celebrated on the 30th of September every year. The day is observed on the feast of St. Jerome, the Bible translator who is known as the patron saint of the translators.
The theme of 2020 International Translation Day is “Finding the words for a world in crisis”. The theme focuses to highlight the significance of translators, interpreters and terminologists in managing the situations on an International scale, National scale as well as on a local scale.
In the year 1991, FIT initiated the observation of International Translation Day for the recognition of the translation community worldwide. On 24 May 2017, the UN General Assembly (UNGA) passed a resolution declaring 30th of September as International Translation Day.
International Federation of Translators (FIT):
The International Federation of Translators (FIT) was set up in 1953. FIT is an international grouping of associations of interpreters, translators, and terminologists. Over 100 professional associations are affiliated FIT. It represents over 80,000 translators in 55 countries.
19 days ago
International Day of Awareness on Food Loss and Waste Reduction is observed on 29 September. The day is the observed for the first time in 2020. The move comes amid the global COVID-19 pandemic as it has brought about a global wake-up on the need to transform and rebalance the way the food is produced and consumed. The day offers an opportunity to sharpen focus on the need to reduce FLW and how doing so can contribute to sustainable development.
The theme for 2020 International Day of Awareness on Food Loss and Waste Reduction is "Stop food loss and waste. For the people. For the planet." It aims to reduced food loss and waste requires the attention and actions of all, from food producers, to food supply chain stakeholders, to food industries, retailers and consumers.
In 2019, the 74th United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) designated 29 September as the International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Waste. The UNGA passed the resolution A/RES/74/209 and designated the day. The day aims to recognize the fundamental role that sustainable food production plays in promoting food security and nutrition. We need to be aware on the importance of the food loss and waste issue, and promoting global efforts towards resolving it.
20 days ago
World Heart Day is observed on 29 September every year. The day aims to increase awareness in the public about cardiovascular diseases including their prevention and also their global impact.
The theme of World Heart Day 2020 is the “Use your heart to beat CVD”. CVD is the most known cause of death on Earth. It could be because of various issues such as smoking, diabetes, high B.P., unhealthy dietary patterns, pollution etc. Using your heart is about using your head to understand about living a healthy life with a healthy heart; about using your influence to set an example for your loved ones; and about compassion to look beyond just yourself and think about ways to support the most vulnerable in society.
World Heart Day was established by the World Heart Federation (WHF) in conjunction with the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1999. The idea was initiated by Antoni Bayes de Luna when he served as the president of the World Heart Federation (WHF) from 1997-1999. Until 2011, the World Heart Day was celebrated on the last Sunday of September. The first celebration took place on the 24th of September 2000.
20 days ago
World contraception day is observed on 26 September every year. The day aims to improve and raise awareness of contraceptive methods and enable men and women to make informed choices on their sexual and reproductive health.
Different Methods of contraception
Contraception is commonly called as birth control. It is a method or a process followed to prevent pregnancy. The methods of contraception available for men and women are:
Birth control pills
World Contraception Day was first observed on 26 September 2007. World Contraception Day is supported by a coalition of 15 international NGOs, governmental organizations and scientific and medical societies with an interest in sexual and reproductive health. It is sponsored by Bayer AG.
21 days ago
International Day for Universal Access to Information is observed on 28 September globally.
The 2020 theme for the 2020 International Day for Universal Access to Information focuses on "Saving lives, Building Trust, Bringing Hope." The day focuses on the right to information in times of crisis, especially on Covid-19 pandemic. The main objective is to guarantee public access to information to save lives, build trust and help the formulation of sustainable policies through and beyond the COVID-19 crisis.
On 17 November 2015, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) declared 28 September as International Day for Universal Access to Information. Most of the civil society organizations and government bodies in the world adopted the observation of the International Day for Universal Access to Information. The day was first observed on 28 September 2016. In 2019, the UN General Assembly (UNGA) also adopted 28 September as the International Day for Universal Access to Information.
21 days ago
World Tourism Day 2020 is observed on 27 September every year. World Tourism Day 2020 aims to raise awareness about the role of tourism around the world. World Tourism Day also ensures to promote social, cultural, political and economic values.
World Tourism Day 2020 theme is ‘Tourism and Rural Development’. The theme aims to focus the tourism is a leading provider of employment and opportunities in the countless rural communities around the world. The Covid-19 pandemic, the industry had been hard hit.
The UN (United Nations) decided to celebrate the World Tourism Day on 27 September 1980. The day was chosen because the Constitution of the World Tourism Organization was accepted on this day in 1970. World Tourism Day 2020 is celebrated as Tourism empowers rural communities, opportunities and providing jobs. It provides opportunities for youth and women all around the world.
21 days ago
International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons was observed on 26 September. The day aims to provide an occasion for the world community to reaffirm its commitment to global nuclear disarmament as a priority. The day aims to achieve global nuclear disarmament, which is one of the oldest goals of the United Nations.
In 1959, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) endorsed the objective of general and complete disarmament. In 1978, the First Special Session of the UNGA devoted to the Disarmament and further recognized that nuclear disarmament should be the priority objective in the field of disarmament. In 2009, the UNGA passed a resolution 64/35 and declared 29 August as the International Day against Nuclear Tests. In 2014, the International Day for the Total Elimination was observed for the first time.
25 days ago
World Maritime Day is observed on 24th September 2020. The day is observed on Last Thursday of September Month. The day aims to mark the contribution of international maritime industries towards the economy of the world especially shipping. The Day focuses on the importance of shipping safety, maritime security, and the marine environment.
The theme for 2020 World Maritime Day is "Sustainable shipping for a sustainable planet". The theme focus to provide an opportunity to raise awareness of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
World Maritime Day was initiated by the United Nations (UN), through the International Maritime Organization (IMO). The day is to celebrate the contribution offered by the industry of international maritime towards the world’s economy, especially in shipping. World Maritime Day was observed for the first time on 17 March 1978. The day is observed to mark when the IMO Convention entered into force in the year 1958.
International Maritime Organization (IMO):
Formed on: 17 March 1948
Headquarters: London, United Kingdom
Secretary-General: Kitack Lim
Parent organization: United Nations Economic and Social Council (UNESC)
IMO was established after the agreement at a UN conference held in Geneva in 1948. It is responsible to regulate shipping. The IMO also focuses on areas such as safety, maritime security, environmental concerns, legal matters, technical co-operation, and the efficiency of shipping.
26 days ago
International Day of Sign Languages is observed on 23 September every year. The day aims to raise awareness of the importance of sign language in the full realization of the human rights of people who are deaf. The International Day of Sign Languages offers an opportunity to support and protect the linguistic identity and cultural diversity of all sign language users.
The theme for 2020 International Day of Sign languages is “Sign Languages Are for Everyone!”.
International Day of Sign Languages was initiated by the World Federation of the Deaf (WFD). The United Nations passed a resolution and proclaimed the International Day of Sign Languages on 19 December 2017. The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) has proclaimed 23 September as the International Day of Sign Languages (IDSL) with an aim to raise awareness of the significance of sign language in the full realization of the human rights of people who are deaf. The International Day of Sign languages was first celebrated in the year 2018 under the theme With Sign Language, Everyone is Included! The 2019 theme for IDSL is Sign Language Rights for All.
27 days ago
Rose Day is observed on 22 September every year. The day is observed for the welfare of cancer patients. The day is to mark hope for cancer patients that cancer is curable. The day is to spread a message to all cancer patients that they can fight the disease with strong willpower and spirit.
Rose Day aims to spread a message to all cancer patients that they can fight the disease with a strong spirit and willpower. The day is to remind the cancer patients that there are many individuals and services are available to provide support to them medically, financially and emotionally.
Rose day is to commemorate a 12-year-old girl named Melinda Rose from Canada. She was diagnosed with Askin's Tumor, a rare form of blood cancer, and she did not give up hope. Considering the severity of the disease, the doctor's predicted that she will not survive for more than 2 weeks. But she lived for 6 months. During that time of suffering, she encouraged and cheered up other cancer patients.
27 days ago
World Rhino Day is observed on 22 September. The day is observed to celebrate the world’s five rhinoceros species and to reflect on the challenges facing them. The day encourages people to take steps for the conservation of Rhinos.
What are the 5 rhino species?
There are 5 rhino species living in Africa and Asia. Three of the species namely Javan Rhinos (Rhinoceros sondaicus), Sumatran rhinos (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) and black rhinos (Diceros bicornis) are listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as Critically Endangered. One of the 5 species White rhinos (Ceratotherium simum) are considered near threatened, and greater one-horned rhinos (Rhinoceros unicornis) vulnerable to extinction.
World Rhino Day was first announced by World Wildlife Fund (WWF) - South Africa in 2010. In the year 2011, World Rhino Day grew into an international success. The day encompasses both African and Asian rhino species.
27 days ago
International Day of Peace is observed on 21 September. The day is observed to strengthen the ideals of peace, both within and among all nations and peoples. The day supports non-violence and ceasefire.
The theme of 2020 International Day of Peace is "Shaping Peace Together". The theme focuses to spread compassion, kindness and hope among the people across the world. The theme encourages people to stand together with the UN against attempts to promote discrimination or hatred amid the pandemic.
International Day of Peace was established by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in 1981. In 2001, the UNGA unanimously designated the Day as a period of non-violence and cease-fire. The United Nations aims to honour a cessation of hostilities during the Day. the day was established to educate people and create public awareness on issues related to peace.
28 days ago
World Alzheimer's Day is observed on 21 September every year. The day aims to create a global opportunity to raise awareness and highlight issues faced by people affected by dementia. It is also an opportunity for people and organizations to demonstrate several measures to help people live well with dementia.
World Alzheimer’s Day occurs during World Alzheimer’s Month. World Alzheimer's Month is the international campaign every September to raise awareness and challenge the stigma that surrounds
The theme for World Alzheimer’s Month 2020 is “Let’s talk about dementia”.
The first diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease was in 1906. Alzheimer’s Disease International, a non-profit organization, observed its 10th anniversary in 1994. As part of that celebration, the association founded World Alzheimer’s Day to be observed each year on September 21.
Alzheimer's Disease is registered every 3.2 seconds totalling up to 9.9 million cases worldwide per year. It is the most common form of dementia.
The most common symptom of Alzheimer's disease is forgetfulness. A person will forget important dates, names or events, asking for the same questions over and over. Other symptoms include social withdrawal, mood swings, distrust, irritability, aggressiveness, changes in sleeping habits, wandering, depression, apathy, loss of inhibitions and delusions.
The risk of Alzheimer's disease can be reduced by exercising regularly, eating a diet of fresh produce, healthy oils and foods which are low in saturated fat are beneficial and breathing exercises that help immensely.
31 days ago
International Equal Pay Day is observed on 18 September every year. The day aims to highlight the importance of achieving equal pay for work of equal value. International Equal Pay Day is observed for the first time in 2020 under an initiative by the United Nations. The day focuses to show the importance of ending sexual discrimination in relation to gender pay gap which refers to the difference in earnings between men and women in paid employment.
On this occassion amid the global COVID-19 pandemic, the Equal Pay International Coalition (EPIC) hosted a virtual global Call to Action. It aimed to encourage all the labour market actors to take the necessary steps to ensure that equal pay is at the heart of recovery efforts worldwide.
International Equal Pay Day was initiated by the United Nations. The day was established with an aim to ensure that no one is left behind. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) addresses the need to achieve gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls. Also, it promotes decent work and economic growth by seeking full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men. On of the crucial implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is Mainstreaming of a gender perspective.
32 days ago
World Patient Safety Day is observed on 17 September every year. Over 134 million adverse events contribute to 2.6 million deaths every year due to unsafe care across the world. The day urges global solidarity and concerted action by all countries and international partners to improve patient safety. The day aims to raise awareness and promote positive change around patient safety priority areas. The day formulates policies and creates a safe work culture. It aims to provide care where the safety of patients is a priority.
On 25 May 2019, the 72nd World Health Assembly passed resolution WHA 72.6 "Global action on patient safety". The resolution recognizes patient safety as a global health priority. WHO designated the World Patient Safety Day to be observed annually on 17 September. The first World Patient Safety Day was observed in 2019 with a theme that aimed to establish the legacy of the day and highlight the importance of prioritizing and addressing patient safety globally by all stakeholders.
World Health Organization (WHO):
Founded: 7 April 1948
Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
Head: Tedros Adhanom
33 days ago
International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer is observed on 16 September every year. The day is observed to spread awareness among people about the depletion of the Ozone Layer and search for possible solutions to preserve it.
The theme of 2020 International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer is "Ozone for life: 35 years of ozone layer protection". This year marks the 35 years of the Vienna Convention and 35 years of global ozone layer protection. The Ozone layer shields Earth from most of the sun’s harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation.
Ozone is a form of oxygen (O2) with the chemical formula O3. Oxygen is vital to life on earth. Ozone constitutes a very small part of the atmosphere. Most ozone resides high up in the atmosphere, between 10 and 40km above Earth's surface called the stratosphere. This layer contains about 90% of all the ozone in the atmosphere. This Ozone layer absorbs some of the Sun’s biologically harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation. The ozone layer is beneficial as it removes pollutants from the atmosphere. In the late 1970s, Scientists discovered a hole in the Ozone layer. It was caused by ozone-depleting gases (ODSs) like Aerosols, Sterilants and Carbon Tetrachloride, Foams, Halons, HCFCs (hydrochlorofluorocarbons), Methyl bromide, Solvents, Coatings & Adhesives, among others.
On 19 December 1994, the UNGA (United Nations General Assembly ) proclaimed 16 September as the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer. The day commemorates the date when the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer was signed in 1987. Montreal Protocol aims to protect the O3 layer by taking various possible measures to control total global production and consumption of substances that deplete it with an aim to eliminate on the basis of developments in scientific knowledge and technological information.
34 days ago
Engineer’s Day is observed on 15 September every year in India. The day is aimed to commemorate the birthday of Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya (Sir MV). The day aims to celebrate the achievements of the Engineers in each and every field of science and technology.
Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya:
Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya is known as India's most prolific civil engineer, economist, dam builder, and statesman. Sir MV’s work boosted the irrigation facilities in the country and saved a huge number of people from floods. Sir MV is famously known as “Father of Modern Mysore” for his significant contributions in industrial, economic, and social projects. In the year 1955, he was awarded Bharat Ratna for his outstanding contribution to the building of India. He was awarded the British knighthood by King George V, which gives the honour “Sir” before his name.
34 days ago
International Democracy Day is observed on 15 September every year worldwide. The day aims to raise awareness among people about democracy. Despite the major social, legal and political challenges that happened globally due to Covid-19, the world states have upheld the rule of law, respect and protect international standards and basic principles of legality, and the right to access justice, remedies, and due process.
Democracy is a process that will happen only with the full participation of and support by the international community, national governing bodies, civil society, and individuals. Democracy is a two-way street that is built on a constant dialogue between civil society and the political class.
In Sustainable Development Goal 16 (SDG-16) democracy has been addressed in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. According to SDG, democracy is the indivisible link between peaceful societies and effective, accountable, and inclusive institutions.
34 days ago
Hindi Diwas is observed on 14 September. The day is observed every year to celebrate the adoption of the Hindi language as one of the official languages of India. Hindi Diwas is celebrated to emphasize the importance of the Hindi language which is losing its importance in the country.
In 1918, Mahatma Gandhi urged to make Hindi the national language of India. On 14 September 1949, Hindi written in Devanagari script became the official language of India under Article 343. Hindi language written in Devnagri script is one of the two languages of India, English is the second one.
Hindi language is spoken by 250 million people as the original language. Hindi is known to be the third most spoken language in the world. As per the 2011 Census, in India, the Hindi language is spoken by about 43.6% of the whole population of India. There are 22 Scheduled languages of India, of which, two namely Hindi and English, are officially used at the Union government of India level.
37 days ago
International Day for South-South Cooperation is observed on 12 September. The main aim of South-South Cooperation is to strengthen the self-reliance of developing countries by enhancing their creative capacity to find solutions and technological capacities to their development problems and formulate the requisite strategies to address them.
South-South Cooperation aims to strengthen and promote collective self-reliance through the exchange of experiences among developing countries. It is expected that it will lead to a greater awareness of common problems and wider access to available knowledge. It also focuses on recognizing and responding to the problems and requirements of the least developed countries, developing countries, small island developing States and enable them to achieve a greater degree of participation in international economic activities.
The South-South cooperation of the United Nation began from 1949 with the establishment of the first UN technical aid programme by the Economic and Social Council and the creation of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in 1965. In the year 1974, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) endorsed the establishment of a special unit within the UNDP to promote technical co-operation among developing countries. The Day was originally observed on December 19. The date, 12th September, was chosen to commemorate the adoption of the Buenos Aires Plan of Action for Promoting and Implementing Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries (BAPA) in 1978 by 138 Member States.
39 days ago
World Suicide Prevention Day (WSPD) is observed on 10 September. The Day aims to create awareness about suicide prevention and help the loved ones to fight suicidal thoughts. The day aims to raise awareness of the risks of suicide and to fund suicide prevention activities. World Suicide Prevention Day 2020 is celebrated virtually this year by spreading information about suicide prevention via social media platforms.
The theme for World Suicide Prevention Day 2020 is "Working together to prevent suicide". This theme has been used for the third year in a row for WSPD. It focuses on a specific aspect of suicide. The theme is aimed to make suicide prevention more effective globally. The theme suggests that all the people have a role to play and the challenges presented by suicidal behaviour in society can be addressed together.
World Suicide Prevention Day was initiated by the International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP) along with the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Federation for Mental Health (WFMH). World Suicide Prevention Day is being observed since 2003.
40 days ago
International Day to Protect Education from Attack is observed on 9 September. The day aims to highlight the importance of safeguarding schools as places of protection and safety for students and educators. The day also urges the need to keep education at the top of the public agenda. The day aims to restore confidence in schools as places of protection for children and teachers.
The theme of the first International Day to Protect Education from Attack is “Protect Education, Save a Generation”.
International Day to Protect Education from Attack was established by a unanimous decision of the UN General Assembly (UNGA). It urged the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) to raise awareness about the millions of children living in countries that are affected by conflict. The resolution passed by the UNGA proclaimed that the Day was presented by the State of Qatar and co-sponsored by 62 countries.
41 days ago
International Literacy Day is observed on 8 September. The day is aimed to spread awareness about the importance of literacy for individuals, communities, and societies. The day also aims to promote the need for intensified efforts towards more literate societies.
The theme for International Literacy Day 2020 is “Literacy teaching and learning in the COVID-19 crisis and beyond”. The theme focuses on the role of educators and changing pedagogies. The theme focuses on youth and adults and highlights literacy learning in a lifelong learning perspective.
In 1966, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) designated 8th September to remind the international community of the importance of literacy for individuals, communities, and societies, and the need for intensified efforts towards more literate societies. The issue of literacy is a key component of the UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the United Nation's (UN) 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
The UN's Sustainable Development Agenda was adopted by world leaders in September 2015. The agenda promotes universal access to quality education and learning opportunities throughout people’s lives. One of the SDG-4 target is to ensure all young people achieve literacy and numeracy. The day aims to give an opportunity to the adults, who lack these skills, to acquire them.
42 days ago
International Day of Clean Air for Blue Skies is observed on 7 September 2020. The first International Day of Clean Air for Blue Skies is observed this year with an aim to raise public awareness to individual, community, corporate, and government levels, that clean air is important for health, economy, productivity, and the environment. On its first observation, WHO partnered with BreatheLife partners to coordinate activities for the day.
International Day of Clean Air for Blue Skies aims to promote and facilitate solutions to improve air quality. This can be achieved by sharing knowledge, best practices, innovations, and success stories. The day focuses to bring together diverse international actors who work for the cause to form an alliance to gain momentum for concerted national, regional, and international approaches for effective air quality management.
On December 19, 2019, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted a resolution to observe the International Day of Clean Air for blue skies. During UNGA's 74th session, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) was directed to initiate the observance of the International Day of Clean Air for Blue Skies, in collaboration with other relevant organizations. The Climate and Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) along with UNEP and Korea advocated the observation of International Day of Clean Air for Blue Skies. The day is aimed to demonstrate the close link of air quality to other environmental/developmental challenges including climate change and the global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
42 days ago
Teacher's Day is celebrated in India on 5 September 2020. The say is aimed to acknowledge the challenges, hardships, and the special role played by the teachers in lives. The Day is observed to commemorate the birth anniversary of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. The day is being observed since 1962, which was the year when he has assumed the post of the President of India.
Teachers' Day is celebrated to recognize the contribution of all the teachers in shaping a student’s educational life. It is dedicated to all the mentors, teachers, and gurus who guide the students to become better human beings.
Dr.Radhakrishnan was born on 5 September 1888. He spent his life as an academic. He worked as a professor in many education institutions including Oxford University, University of Chicago, Calcutta University, Mysore University, and Madras Presidency College. Radhakrishnan was one of the most eminent scholars of the 20th century. Dr.S.Radhakrishnan served the first Vice President and second President of India. He served as Vice President from 1952-1962. From 1962-1967, he served as the President of India.
Radhakrishnan wrote the famous book "The Philosophy of Rabindranath Tagore" that attracted global attention to Indian philosophy and the Indian way of thinking. In the year 1954, he was awarded the Bharat Ratna award. Radhakrishnan was nominated 27 times for Nobel Prize, sixteen times for the Nobel prize in literature, and eleven times for the Nobel Peace Prize.
42 days ago
International Day of Charity was observed on 5 September. The main objective of sensitizing and mobilizing people, Non-Governmental Organisation (NGOs), and related stakeholders to help others through volunteer and philanthropic activities. The day commemorates the death anniversary of Mother Teresa. It also focuses to make people understand the importance of charity.
International Day of Charity was initiated by the Hungarian Civil society initiative in 2011. In the year 2012, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed resolution A/RES/67/105 and declared 5 September as the International Day of Charity. The day was designated to commemorate the anniversary of the passing away of Mother Teresa of Calcutta.
Mary Teresa Bojaxhiu was born on 26 August 1910 in Skopje, North Macedonia. She was popularly known as Mother Teresa. In 1950, she founded the Missionaries of Charity in India. The charity helps the poor people on the streets of Kolkata, India. It also manages homes for people who are dying of leprosy, Tuberculosis (TB), and HIV/AIDS. Mother Teresa spent around 45 years in serving the sick, poor, orphaned, and dying on the streets of Kolkata through the charity. She died at the age of 87 in 1997 in Kolkata.
In 1962. Mother Teresa was awarded the Padma Shri and Ramon Magsaysay Award. In 1979, she was awarded Nobel Prize for Peace. In the year 1980, she received the Bharat Ratna award. In the year 2016, she was canonized by Pope Francis.
47 days ago
World Coconut Day is observed on 2 September every year. The aim of the day is to create awareness about the importance of coconut across the world. The day also encourages investments and promote the development of the coconut industry in the Asian and Pacific Coconut Community (APCC) member countries. The day is observed to highlight the uses and importance of coconuts.
World Coconut Day was established to commemorate the founding day of APCC. The community functions under the aegis of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN-ESCAP). Coconut Day was initiated to interpret policies and express the plan of action in this sector.
Type: Inter-governmental organization
Headquarters: Jakarta, Indonesia
Membership: 18 countries
APCC aims to promote, coordinate, and harmonize coconut developmental activities of the Asian Pacific region.
49 days ago
International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances is observed on 30 August. The day aims to lift awareness on enforced or involuntary disappearances that occur with arrest, detention, abduction, or deprivation of the State with support by a refusal to acknowledge the deprivation of liberty or by concealment of the fate.
International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances was established by the international organization General Assembly resolution. The UN General Assembly (UNGA) passed a resolution because of its concern to the increased enforced or involuntary disappearances in various regions of the world. The reason for the disappearances included arrest, detention, and abduction. The UNGA adopted the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance. It then decided to declare 30 August the International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances. The day was first observed in 2011. Enforced disappearance became a global issue as it was not restricted to a particular region of the world. The day also aims to stop the rising issues concerning the ill-treatment, harassment, and intimidation of witnesses of disappearances or relatives of persons who have disappeared.
51 days ago
National Sports Day is observed on 29 August 2020. The day is to commemorate the birth anniversary of hockey legend Major Dhyan Chand. The main objective of the Day is to spread awareness of the importance of sports and daily activities in every individual's life. The day was first inducted into the list of celebratory days in the year 2012. On the National Sports Day, President presented the National Sports and Adventure Awards.
Dhyan Chand Singh, popularly known as the Wizard of Indian Hockey, was born on 29 August 1905 in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh. He has secured over 400 international goals and 1,000 goals in his entire career in 22 years during the period from 1926 to 1948. Under the leadership of Dhyan Chand, the Indian Hockey team has achieved several victories. He has led India into 3 Olympic gold medals in 1928, 1932 and 1936. By winning the Olympic gold medal on three occasions and marked his position in the pages of history.
51 days ago
The International Day against Nuclear Tests is observed on 29 August across the world. The day aims to provoke the world organization, youth networks, and the media against nuclear testing. The day is to remind that one day all nuclear weapons will be eliminated.
On 2 December 2009, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in its 64th session declared 29 August as the International Day against Nuclear Tests and adopting resolution 64/35. The day was aimed to create awareness and education about the effects of nuclear weapon test explosions or any other nuclear explosions. The resolution was initiated by Kazakhstan, together with a large number of sponsors and cosponsors with a view to commemorating the closure of the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test site on 29 August 1991. The inaugural commemoration of the International Day against Nuclear Tests was marked in 2010. Kazakhstan initiated the resolution with the support of a large number of sponsors to commemorate the closure of the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test site on 29 August 1991.
Nuclear weapons testing began on 16 July 1945. Over 2,000 tests have taken place. The USA, USSR, UK, France, China, India, Pakistan, and North Korea are the countries that have tested nuclear weapons so far.
51 days ago
Telugu Language Day, also known as Telugu Bhasha Dinotsavam, is celebrated on 29 August every year. The day is observed to commemorate the birthday of one of the earliest modern Telugu linguists Gidugu Venkata Ramamurthy. Telugu is referred to as "The Italian of the East" as the language ends with vowels just like the Italian language.
Gidugu Venkata Ramamurthy:
Gidugu Venkata Ramamurthy's contribution to the Telugu language specifically Vyavaharika Bhasha or Vaaduka Bhasha (Colloquial language) is immense. He simplified the Granthika Bhasha into Vyavaharika Bhasha for textbooks and literature and made it available to the people. He played a vital role in bringing to the forefront of the beauty of the colloquial language.
56 days ago
International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and Its Abolition is observed on 23 August. The day is observed annually to commemorate the remembrance of the slave trade and its abolition.
The International Day was intended to inscribe the tragedy of the slave trade in the memory of all peoples. The day is observed in accordance with the goals of the intercultural project "The Slave Route". International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition was first observed in some countries, in particular in Haiti on 23 August 1998 and Goree in Senegal in 23 August 1999. The day was initiated to offer an opportunity for collective consideration of the historic causes, the methods & the consequences of this tragedy, and for an analysis of the interactions to which it has given rise between Africa, Europe, the Americas, and the Caribbean.
58 days ago
International Day Commemorating the Victims of Acts of Violence Based on Religion or Belief is observed on 22 August. The day aims to appreciate the efforts taken by the UN to combat intolerance, discrimination and violence against persons based on religion or belief. The day aims to promote and protect human rights, including the human rights of persons belonging to religious minorities, including their right to exercise their religion or belief freely.
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) has passed its resolution A/RES/73/296 and designated 22 August as the International Day Commemorating the Victims of Acts of Violence Based on Religion or Belief. The day aims to recognize the importance of providing victims of acts of violence based on religion or belief and members of their families with appropriate support and assistance in accordance with applicable law.
The move deplores all acts of violence against persons on the basis of their religion or belief, as well as any such acts directed against their homes, businesses, properties, schools, cultural centres or places of worship, and all attacks on and in religious places, sites and shrines that are in violation of international law.
59 days ago
International Day of Remembrance and Tribute to the Victims of Terrorism is observed on 21 August. The day is observed to commemorate the core values of the United Nations (UN). The Day aims to raise awareness to the indiscriminate threat that affects people and countries across the globe.
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed its resolution 72/165 (2017) and established 21 August as the International Day of Remembrance of and Tribute to the Victims of Terrorism. The day was established to honor and support the victims and survivors of terrorism and to promote and protect the full enjoyment of their human rights and fundamental freedoms.
61 days ago
World Humanitarian Day is observed on 19 August every year. The World Humanitarian Day aims to commemorate the involvement of aid workers in humanitarian services by risking their own lives. This year, the day is organized in a special way to fight against the deadly COVID-19. The day focuses to pay tribute to aid workers who involve themselves in humanitarian services by risking their lives. It aims to create awareness, share ideas, and encourage individuals in the photography field.
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) initiated the observation of the World Humanitarian Day to remember the demise of Sergio Vieira de Mello and 21 of his fellow humanitarians in a bombardment of the Baghdad headquarters of the United Nations (UN). Sergio and people like him worked every day for the betterment of the needy, the poor and underprivileged, and those living in areas of war, starvation, and pestilence. In 2009, the UNGA formalized the day as World Humanitarian Day.
61 days ago
World Photography Day is observed annually on 19 August. The day aims to pay homage to the beautiful form of art and to recognize the importance of photography in the world. The day aims to encourage photography as both a hobby and a profession and to learn more about this craft.
The day was initiated in 1837 when Frenchman Louis Daguerre and Joseph Nicephore Niepce invented the daguerreotype, a photographic process. The operation of photography began on January 9, 1839. The French government announced the invention to the world on August 19, 1839. In 1861, Thomas Sutton took the first durable color photograph. The first digital photograph was taken in the year 1957. On 19th August 19 when the World Photo Day hosted its first global online gallery.