2 days ago
World Maths Day is celebrated on 15 October every year. The Day aims to encourage students globally to take part in competitive math-themed games. The winners of the events will be given an opportunity to win prizes and scholarships.
The World Maths Day first instituted by 3P Learning in 2007. The 3P Learning company was founded in 2003 and is headquartered in Sydney, Australia. The company partnered with United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) to reach children with learning resources and teaching aids across the world.
2 days ago
Global Handwashing Day is celebrated on 15 October every year. The Day is observed to increase awareness and understanding about the importance of handwashing with soap. It also encourages people to hand as it is an effective and affordable way to prevent diseases and save lives.
The theme for 2019 Global Handwashing Day is Clean Hands for All. The theme focuses that no one should be left behind in the Sustainable Development Agenda. The theme promotes handwashing programs. It should be known that it can put individuals at higher risk for diseases that impact their health, education, and economic outcomes.
Global Handwashing Day was instituted by the Global Handwashing Partnership. The first Global Handwashing Day was held in 2008. Nearly 120 million children around the world washed their hands with soap in more than 70 countries.
3 days ago
International Day for the Eradication of Poverty is observed on 17 October every year. The day aims to raise awareness about the people who are struggling and living in poverty. Poverty should be eradicated, mainly in developing countries.
Poverty- A state in which a person lacks financial resources to fulfill basic needs.
The theme for 2019 is Acting together to empower children, their families, and communities to end poverty. The theme focuses on providing a chance for people who struggle to live and who live in poverty to express their concerns to be heard.
On 22 December 1992, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted a resolution 47/196 to observe 16 October as the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty. The year 2019 marks the 27th anniversary of the declaration by UNGA. The day was instituted to provide an opportunity to acknowledge the effort and reflects the willingness of people living in poverty to use their expertise to contribute to the eradication of poverty.
4 days ago
World Food Day is observed on 16 October every year. The day is observed every year by people from around the world. The day aims to tackle global hunger. On this day, people reaffirm their commitment to eradicate worldwide hunger for a lifetime.
The theme for 2019 is Our Actions Are Our Future. Healthy Diets for A #ZeroHunger World. The diet and eating habits of the people have changed because of urbanization and income growth. It causes obesity and other related diseases among the people. The theme focuses on creating awareness about a healthy and nutritional diet.
FAO reported that 40 million children under 5 are overweight. One hundred twenty million girls and boys of the age group 5 to 18 years, and 670 million adults are obese. Around 820 million people across the world suffer from hunger.
The World food day was established by the member countries of the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) in November 1979 at the 20th General Conference. On 16 October 1981, The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) announced the observation of the World Food Day on 16 October. The first World food day was observed in 1981. The day aims to honor the establishment date of FAO.
Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO):
Food and Agriculture Organisation is a specialized agency of the United Nations, which leads international efforts to defeat hunger. It was established as a specialized agency in 1945. FAO aims to provide food security for all the people across the world. It also ensures that people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives.
4 days ago
White Cane Safety Day is observed on 15 October in the United States every year. The day aims to celebrate the success achieved by the blind and visually impaired people. The day stands as a reminder to show the important symbol of blindness and tool of independence, the white cane.
On October 6, 1964, the U.S. Congress passed a joint resolution H.R. 753 and signed into law to observe 15 October to be observed as White Cane Safety Day. The institution of the day aims to educate the world about blindness and how the blind and visually impaired can live and work independently while giving back to their communities.
The day celebrates the abilities and successes achieved by blind people in a sighted world. The day also honors the contributions made by the blind and visually impaired.
4 days ago
International Day of Rural Women is observed on 15 October every year. The day is held under the rubric Rural Women and Girls Building Climate Resilience.
The day aims to highlight the important role played by rural women and girls in building resilience to face the climate crisis. The day will focus on ensuring the sustainability of rural households and communities and on improving the rural livelihoods and overall wellbeing.
The rural women and girls suffer disproportionately from multi-dimensional poverty. Poverty rates in rural areas in most regions are higher than those in urban areas. Women farmers are less able to access land, credit, agricultural inputs, markets, and high-value agrifood chains and obtain lower prices for their crops even if they are productive and enterprising as their male counterparts.
One in three employed women works in farming and agriculture across the globe. Women in rural areas collect biomass fuels, manually process foodstuffs, and pump water, around 80% of households without piped water rely on women and girls for water collection. Rural women will be the first to be affected if the natural resources and agriculture are threatened.
5 days ago
15 October is celebrated as the World Students' Day every year. The day marks the birth anniversary of the former Indian President and great scientist, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam.
United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) declared 15 October, the birthday of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam as the World Student’s Day in 2010. Since then, the day is celebrated on 15 October across the world. UN declared the day to honour Kalam's love and dedication towards education, teaching, students, and his focus and efforts in promoting the education.
Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam:
♦ Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 at Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India. From 2002-2007, he served as the 11th President of India. He was an aerospace scientist. Kalam played a vital role in the Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998, which earned him the title Missile Man of India.
♦ He wrote at least 18 books, including Wings of Fire, Ignited Minds, Turning Points: A journey through challenges, Inspiring Thoughts, Indomitable Spirit, You Are Born To Blossom, Beyond 2020: A Vision for Tomorrow's India, Forge Your Future.
♦ He was conferred with around 22 awards and honours including Padma Bhushan, the Padma Vibhushan, Bharat Ratna. He died on 27 July 2015 after suffering a cardiac arrest while delivering a speech at the Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Shillong.
October 14, 2019
International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction (IDDRR) is observed on 13 October every year. The day aims to raise awareness about the importance of reining in the risks that people and communities around the world face due to disasters.
The theme for 2019 is "Reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and the disruption of basic services." The day focuses on one Target of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030: Substantially reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of services through developing resilience by 2030.
Sendai Seven campaign:
The United Nations Office launched the Sendai Seven campaign for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) in 2016. The campaign has seven targets and 38 indicators to measure progress on reducing disaster losses. It aims to promote all the sectors to reduce disaster risk and disaster losses.
International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction was initiated in 1989. The day was established by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) to promote a global culture of risk-awareness and disaster reduction.
October 14, 2019
World Standards Day is observed on 14th October 2019. The day is observed every year. The day is observed to raise awareness of the significance of standardization to the global economy.
The day is celebrated globally by the members of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and International Telecommunications Union (ITU), Institute of Electrical and Electronics Employees (IEEE), Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), etc.
The day aims to pay tribute to the collaborative efforts of the experts all over the world who developed the voluntary technical agreements that are published as International Standards. It aims to make the world aware of the significance of standardization and its relevance to the global economy.
The theme for 2019 is Video Standards create a global stage. Advancement in Video technology has revolutionized entertainment, connecting friends and families across the globe. It also enriches communications experiences and enables major improvements in medical care and education. The accessibility of video is built on International Standards.
World Standard Day was formed in 1946 when the officials from 25 countries met to create an international organization that will focus to facilitate standardization. World Standard Day was officially established by the then President of IES (International Organization for Standardization) Mr. Faruk Sünter in 1970.
October 13, 2019
World Post Day marks the anniversary of the establishment of Universal Postal Union in 1874 and is celebrated on October 9 every year.
Department of Posts is celebrating National Postal Week from October 9 to October 15
To bring about awareness about the role of post offices in social economical development.
The Nagpur Postal Region is organizing a week-long celebration during the National Postal Week. Various programs will be organised like World Postal Day on October 9, Banking Day on Oct 10. Jayabhaye presented the important initiatives of the Postal Department such as Aadhar, POPSK, India Post Payment Bank and status of investment opportunities with Post Office Saving Bank.
India Post Offices
There are 3,067 post offices consisting of 13 head post offices, 380 sub post offices and 2,674 branch post offices. The total staff strength of the region is 7,705 as on March 31, 2019.
The region has 76,109 PLI and 1,03,945 RPLI policies. The premium collected against these policies during the year 2018-19 was Rs 146.45 crore. Post Office Passport Seva Kendras (POPSKs) have been opened in all the Lok Sabha constituencies in Nagpur Region. There are nine Post Office Passport Seva Kendras in the region which have helped in saving the time and travel requirements for 32,904 passport applicants up to September 30, 2019. There are 11 branches of India Post Payments Bank in the region and so far 197 current accounts and 64,445 savings accounts have been opened in these branches by September 30.
Further, 32 Saksham Grams have also been covered, he said. Similarly, there are 56 Sampoorna Bima Grams in the region as on August 31, 2019 where eligible households have been covered under Rural Postal Life Insurance.
There are 249 Aadhaar Updation and Enrolment Centres in the region. Number of camps organised from April 1, 2019 to September 30, 2019 was 167. Aadhaar updations and enrolments done in the camps were 9,883 and 1,724, respectively. Timings of Aadhar updation and enrolment services have been changed from 10 am to 6 pm to 9 am to 8 pm at Amravati, Akola head post offices for flexible timings to customers and to 8 am to 8 pm at Nagpur GPO and Nagpur City head post office. Accordingly, the number of speed post articles booked and delivered in the region were 47,79,406 and 80,64,412 respectively in the year 2018-19 and 25,20,276 and 28,64,587 respectively in the year 2019-20 (up to September 30, 2019).
October 12, 2019
World Migratory Bird Day (WMBD) observed on October 12th. It is an annual awareness-raising campaign highlighting the need for the conservation of migratory birds and their habitats. The WMBD unifying the planet’s major migratory bird corridors, or flyways: the African-Eurasian flyway, the East Asian-Australasian flyway, and the Americas flyways.
To reach out to a broader audience and amplify its message for bird conservation.
Every year people around the world take action and organize public events such as bird festivals, education programmes, exhibitions and bird-watching excursions to celebrate WMBD. All these activities can also be undertaken at any time on the year because that countries or regions observing the peak of migrations at different times, but the main days for the international celebrations in 2019 are Saturday 11 May and Saturday 12 October.
The theme for WMBD 2019 is "Protect Birds: Be the Solution to Plastic Pollution!"
The number of seabirds dying from the effects of plastic every year is currently 1 million and growing. In the two decades between 1960 and 1980, the number of birds found ingesting plastic has grown from 5% to 80%. Every year people around the world take action and organize public events such as bird festivals, education programs, exhibitions and bird-watching excursions to celebrate WMBD.
October 11, 2019
World Obesity Day is observed globally on 11 October every year. The day aims to raise awareness about the prevalence, severity, and diversity of weight stigma. The obesity often reinforces inaccurate and negative stereotypes about the weight which can lead to weight stigma.
World Obesity Day was initiated by the World Obesity Federation in the year 2015. The annual campaign aimed to stimulate and support practical actions that will help people achieve and maintain a healthy weight and reverse the global obesity crisis.
Obesity is a disease that involves an excessive amount of body fat. The medical problem increases the risk of inducing other diseases and health problems like heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and cancers.
October 11, 2019
International Day of the Girl Child is globally observed on 11 October every year. The day aims to meet the needs and challenges faced by girls. It also aims to promote girls' empowerment and the fulfillment of their human rights.
The theme for the year 2019 is Girl Force: Unscripted and Unstoppable. The theme aims to celebrate achievements made by, with and for girls after the adoption of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action. It also aims to bring to light on several movements organized by governments and NGOs for adolescent girls to tackle issues related to education, inequality, employment, child marriage, gender-based violence, climate change, and girls' rights to enter places of worship or public spaces during menstruation.
In 1995, the 4th World Conference on Women was held in Beijing, China. The conference determined to recognize the rights of women and girls as human rights. It adopted the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action which is the most comprehensive policy agenda for the empowerment of women.
On 19 December 2011, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted a resolution 66/170 to declare 11 October as the International Day of the Girl Child. The resolution recognized girl's rights and the challenges that girls face around the world. The first International Day of the Girl Child was observed on 11 October 2012 with the theme Ending Child Marriage.
October 10, 2019
World Sight Day 2019 is observed annually on 10 October. The day aims to create awareness to focus global attention on blindness and vision impairment.
♦ World Health Organization (WHO) launched the first World report on vision on 8 October 2019.
♦ The report said that more than 1 billion people are living with vision impairment due to lack of care they need for conditions like short and far sightedness, glaucoma and cataract.
♦ Also, it said that the change in lifestyles and limited access to eye care are the major cause of visual impairment, particularly in low- and middle-income countries.
♦ Other mains reasons are Myopia (near-sightedness), Diabetic retinopathy, Late detection.
♦ It said that all people living with severe vision impairment can still be treated if they access rehabilitation services.
♦ Optical magnifiers and reading use Braille, to smartphone wayfinders and orientation and mobility training with white canes will make it possible.
October 10, 2019
National Postal Day is celebrated in India on 10 October every year. The day is observed to commemorate the role played by the Indian postal department for the past 150 years. Indian postal celebrated as an extension of World Post Day, which is celebrated on 9 October.
Writing letters was an important form of communication before the introduction of e-mails and online messaging. The mailing services were introduced in India by the British.
Indian postal service:
Indian postal service is an integral part of India. The postal services in India has given a best performance despite the diversity in culture, tradition and difficult geographical terrains.
The India post was founded in 1854 by Lord Dalhousie. It functions under the Ministry of Communications. The Minister responsible is Ravishankar Prasad.
India's PIN Code system:
PIN in Pincode stands for Postal Index Number. The 6-digit PIN system was introduced by Shriram Bhikaji Velankar, an additional secretary in the Union Ministry of Communications on 15 August 1972. The first digit of the PIN code marks the region. The second digit denotes the sub-region. The third digit marks the district. The last three digits show the post office under which a particular address falls.
October 10, 2019
World Mental Health Day is observed on 10 October every year. The day is observed with an aim to raise awareness of mental health issues around the world. It also aims to mobilize efforts in support of mental health. The Day aims to provide an opportunity for all organizations, NGOs and stakeholders who work on mental health issues to discuss and promote their work to make mental health care a reality for people worldwide.
The theme for World Mental Health Day 2019 is Mental Health Promotion and Suicide Prevention. According to WHO data, around 8 lakh people die by suicide every year. It also showed that a large number of suicides can be prevented if people get timely and adequate treatment for mental health disorders.
Around 2.2 lakh people in India commit suicide every year. India has the highest suicide rate in South-East Asia. In India, Maharashtra state reported high suicide rate.
Suicide is preventable. To prevent suicide, the government should take steps like, providing psychological first aid training to medical staff and first responders and increase government funding for suicide prevention programmes. Mental health literacy should be improved among people.
World Mental Health Day was initiated by the World Federation for Mental Health (WFMH) in 1992. WFMH established that day with an objective to raise awareness about mental health conditions from depression to suicide around the world.
World Mental Health Day 2019 is supported by the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Association for Suicide Prevention, and United for Global Mental Health.
October 9, 2019
World Post Day is observed on 9th October every year. On this day the posts in many countries introduce/promote new postal products and services. On this day, the postal employees are awarded for good service.
The day aims to create awareness of the role of the postal sector in people’s and businesses’ everyday lives. The day also marks the contribution given by the postal services to the social and economic development of countries. The day also aims to generate awareness of their Post’s role and activities among the public and media on a national scale.
The day is celebrated to mark the anniversary of the establishment of the Universal Postal Union. It was established in 1874 in Bern, Switzerland. In 1969, the UPU Congress declared World Post Day in the meeting held in Tokyo, Japan. More than 150 World countries joined to participate in the annual celebrations on that day.
October 8, 2019
The month of October is observed as the Breast Cancer Awareness Month every year. The annual campaign aims to raise awareness of the disease. It also helps to increase attention and support for awareness, early detection, and treatment as well as palliative care of this disease.
World Health Organization (WHO) aims to promote breast cancer control programmes as part of national cancer control plans.
IARC Globocan 2008 reports say that about 1.38 million new cases and 4,58,000 deaths from breast cancer every year. It is most common in both developing and developed countries.
Lack of awareness:
Currently, there is no sufficient knowledge of the causes of breast cancer. Because of the lack of awareness, early detection of the disease remains the cornerstone of breast cancer control. By early detection, adequate diagnosis and treatment there is a high chance that breast cancer can be cured. The majority of deaths, around 269 000, that occur in low- and middle-income countries, where most women with breast cancer are diagnosed in late stages. This is mainly due to the lack of awareness of early detection and barriers to health services.
October 8, 2019
India celebrated its 87th Air Force Day on 8th October 2019. The year 2019 is special because the Indian Air force received the first of 36 long-awaited Rafale fighter jets. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, who is on a visit to France will receive the fighter jets.
IAF is conducted a spectacular air display ceremony will take place at the Hindon Air Force base near Delhi. IAF showcased its Chinook and Apache helicopters for the first time. Both these helicopters were acquired from the United States and inducted within the last few months. The Air Force Day 2019 will be celebrated in the presence of IAF chief Birender Singh Dhanoa and senior officials of the three armed forces.
Indian Air Force (IAF):
Founded on: 8 October 1932
Headquarters: New Delhi
Part of: Indian Armed Force
Motto: Touch the Sky with Glory
Chief of the Air Staff (CAS): Air Chief Marshal RK Singh Bhadauria
Vice Chief of the Air Staff (VCAS): Air Marshal Harjit Singh Arora
October 7, 2019
Wildlife Week is celebrated in India in the month of October from 2nd to 8th October every year. The week is celebrated with the view to preserve the fauna means the animal life of India.
This week, the government has launched varieties of sanctuaries and national parks have been already launched in the appropriate localities all across the country.
The week aims to make people more aware of the conservation and protection of wildlife. It will focus the people’s attention on the importance of conservation of wildlife. It aims to implement more services to preserve wildlife. It will also discuss all the issues related to the preservation of wildlife.
Wildlife Week was first started in the year 1952. The week was initiated with a great vision of saving the life of the Indian animals by taking some critical steps. The week has been initiated planning to save animal extinction of any species of India. The Indian Government has established an Indian Board of Wild Life to improve awareness as well as the consciousness of the Indian people towards wildlife preservation.
October 7, 2019
World Habitat Day is observed on 7 October 2019 every year. The day aims to reflect on the state of the towns and cities and the basic right of all to adequate shelter. It also aims to remind the world of its collective responsibility for the future of the human habitat.
The theme for 2019 is Frontier Technologies as an innovative tool to transform waste into wealth. The theme promotes the contribution of innovative frontier technologies to sustainable waste management to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 11 (SDG-11).
SDG-11 includes safe, resilient and sustainable cities. The theme also includes solid waste, all waste produced by human activities that cause a huge impact on climate change, public health and the environment.
It is believed technology will help to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and address climate change. Frontier technologies like automation, robotics, electric vehicles (EVs), renewable energy technologies, biotechnologies, and artificial intelligence (AI) can transform the social, economic and environmental spheres. It is expected that the frontier technologies can provide better, cheaper, faster, scalable and easy to use solutions for every-day problems, including waste management.
In 1985, the day was designated to be observed on the first Monday of October every year by the United Nations. World Habitat Day was first celebrated in the year 1986 with the theme Shelter is My Right. Nairobi hosted the observance that year.
October 5, 2019
World Space Week is observed from 4 October to 10 October 2019. It is the largest space event on Earth.
The 2019 theme for the week is The Moon: Gateway to the Stars. The week showcases some of the creative, innovative and popular events that brought people together to celebrate space.
The World Space Week was declared by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on 6 December 1999. It passed the resolution and declared that the week will be observed each year from 4-10 October. The week celebrates science and technology and their contribution to the betterment of the human condition.
These days commemorate the following two events:
♦ On 4 October 1957, Sputnik 1, the first human-made Earth satellite was launched. The way for space exploration was thus started.
♦ On 10 October 1967, the signing of the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activites of States in the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies was held.
October 4, 2019
World Animal Day is celebrated on 4 October every year. The day aims to raise awareness about the protection of animals all over the globe. On that day, the feast day of Francis of Assisi, the patron saint of animals, is also celebrated.
World Animal Day is dedicated to spread awareness and improve the welfare standards of animals around the world. It also aims to educate the world and full regard to their welfare.
The day was first organized by Heinrich Zimmermann on 24th March 1925, at Sports Palace in Berlin, Germany. More than 5,000 people attended the first event. Initially, it was scheduled for 4th October to align with Saint Francis of Assisi feast day. In 1929, World Animal Day was celebrated on 4th October for the first time.
October 2, 2019
Gandhi Jayanthi is celebrated on 2 October in India. The Day marks the to mark the birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. The celebrations in the year 2019 mark the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. The day is celebrated every year. His birth anniversary is observed as the International Day of Nonviolence.
M.K. Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869. He was known for his non-violence protest during the British rule. He was a leading figure of freedom movements whether in India or South Africa. India got freedom from colonial rule with his efforts.
Major events in the freedom struggle:
♦ In 1906-07, Satyagraha in South Africa
♦ In 1910, Satyagraha against emigration and restriction in Natal
♦ In 1917, Champaran Satyagraha
♦ In 1917-1918, Kheda Satyagraha
♦ In 1919, Khilafat Movement
♦ In 1920, Non-Cooperation Movement
♦ In 1930, Civil-Disobedience Movement
♦ In 1942, Quit India Movement
The above major movements that were led by Mahatma Gandhi helped India in attaining freedom from the British rule. Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu nationalist, on 30 January 1948.
October 2, 2019
International Day of Non-Violence is observed on 2 October. The day is observed on the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi. He is the leader of the Indian independence movement and pioneer of the philosophy and strategy of non-violence. The day aims to disseminate the message of non-violence, including through education and public awareness.
The principle of non-violence rejects the use of physical violence in order to achieve social or political change.
On 15 June 2007, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed a resolution to declare 2nd October as International Day of Non-Violence. The resolution reaffirmed the universal relevance of the principle of non-violence. It desires to secure a culture of peace, tolerance, understanding, and non-violence.
October 1, 2019
The International coffee day is celebrated on 1 October every year. An estimation says around 3 billion cups of coffee are consumed every day. The diverse mix of global celebrations that take place on International Coffee Day truly showcases coffee as one of the world’s most loved beverages.
The day is observed to recognize the millions of people across the globe, from farmers to roasters, baristas, coffee shop owners and more, who work hard to create and serve Coffee. It also aims to promote and celebrate coffee as a beverage, with events now occurring in places across the world.
The International Coffee Organization has agreed to institute the date on 1 October 2015 at a meeting held on 3-7 March 2014. The day was launched in Milan as part of Expo 2015.
October 1, 2019
International Day for the Elderly is observed on 1 October. The day aims to raise awareness of the opportunities and challenges of ageing in today’s world. It also highlighted the important contributions that are made by older people make to society.
A study says that almost 700 million people are over the age of 60. Over 20% (2 billion) of the world’s population, will be 60 or older by 2050. In the developing world, the increase in the number of older people will be the greatest. Currently, Asia is the region with the largest number of older persons.
The 2019 theme for International Day for the Elderly is the Journey to Age Equality. The theme aims to raise awareness about issues affecting the elderly, such as senescence and elder abuse. The theme falls in line with the UN's principle of Leaving No-One Behind for sustainable development.
On 14 December 1990, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed the resolution 45/106 to designate 1 October as the International Day of Older Persons. The Day was announced because of various initiatives taken in the Vienna International Plan of Action on Ageing. In 1991, UNGA adopted the United Nations’ Principles for Older Persons that requires all governments to expand supports to older persons.
September 30, 2019
International Translation Day observed in bringing nations together, contributing to the development and strengthening world peace and security.
This day provides a great opportunity to spotlight the important work of translators, interpreters and others in the language service industry.
The theme of International Translation Day 2019 is "Translation and Indigenous Languages".
It focuses on the indigenous languages that are in danger of disappearing. As it is important to preserve and protect the languages of millions of indigenous people around the world. Languages for indigenous people are an integral part of their culture. And it is said that when a community loses its language, it is on the way to lose its culture too.
It is established by the International Federation of Translators (FIT). The day is to pay tribute to the work of translators and the interpreters who break down the language barriers to make the world slightly a smaller place. This day is celebrated with a series of events, seminars and symposiums across the world.
On 24 May 2017, the General Assembly adopted a resolution 71/288 to proclaim 30 September as International Translation Day after considering the role of professionals in connecting nations and fostering peace, understanding and development.
The 30 September was chosen because this date celebrates the feast of St. Jerome, the Bible translator who is considered the patron saint of translators. These celebrations have been promoted by FIT (the International Federation of Translators) which was set up in 1953.
September 27, 2019
International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons observed on 26th September.
Achieving global nuclear disarmament is one of the oldest goals of the United Nations. It was the subject of the General Assembly’s first resolution in 1946, which established the Atomic Energy Commission, which was dissolved in 1952, with a mandate to make specific proposals for the control of nuclear energy and the elimination of atomic weapons and all other major weapons adaptable to mass destruction. The United Nations has been at the forefront of many major diplomatic efforts to advance nuclear disarmament since.
History of the Day
In 1959, the General Assembly endorsed the objective of general and complete disarmament. In 1978, the first Special Session of the General Assembly Devoted to Disarmament further recognized that nuclear disarmament should be the priority objective in the field of disarmament. Every United Nations Secretary-General has actively promoted this goal.The number of deployed nuclear weapons has appreciably declined since the height of the Cold War, not one nuclear weapon has been physically destroyed pursuant to a treaty.
The doctrine of nuclear deterrence persists as an element in the security policies of all possessor states and many of their allies. The international arms-control framework that contributed to international security since the Cold War, acted as a brake on the use of nuclear weapons and advanced nuclear disarmament, has come under increasing strain. The United States withdrawal spelled the end of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, through with the United States and the Russian Federation had previously committed to eliminating an entire class of nuclear missiles.
The General Assembly commemorates 26 September as the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons. This Day provides an occasion for the world community to reaffirm its commitment to global nuclear disarmament as a priority. It provides an opportunity to educate the public - and their leaders - about the real benefits of eliminating such weapons, and the social and economic costs of perpetuating them. It is the right place to address one of humanity’s greatest challenges; achieving the peace and security of a world without nuclear weapons.
The International Day is to further the objective of the total elimination of nuclear weapons through enhancing public awareness and education about the threat posed to humanity by nuclear weapons and the necessity for their total elimination.
September 27, 2019
World Maritime Day was observed on 27 September every year. The day aims to raise awareness about the importance of shipping safety, maritime security and the marine environment.
The theme for the 2019 World Maritime Day is Empowering women in the maritime community. The theme aims to raise awareness of the importance of gender equality. The theme is in line with the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The theme also highlights the important contribution of women within the maritime sector.
The United Nations (UN) has created World Maritime Day, through the International Maritime Organization (IMO), to celebrate the international maritime industry’s contribution towards the world’s economy, especially in shipping. World Maritime Day held on 17 March 1978 for the first time. The day marked the date of the IMO Convention’s entry into force in 1958. The event’s date varies by year and country but it is always in the last week of September.
International Maritime Organization (IMO):
Formed on: 17 March 1948
Headquarters: London, United Kingdom
Secretary-General: Kitack Lim
Parent organization: United Nations Economic and Social Council (UNESC)
IMO was established after the agreement at a UN conference held in Geneva in 1948. It is responsible to regulate shipping. The IMO also focuses on areas such as safety, maritime security, environmental concerns, legal matters, technical co-operation, and the efficiency of shipping.
September 27, 2019
World Tourism Day is observed on 27 September every year. For the first time, India is hosting the World Tourism Day. The Day aims to raise awareness about the role of tourism around the world. It also ensures to promote social, cultural, political and economic values.
The theme for the 2019 World Tourism Day is Tourism and Jobs: a better future for all.
The theme focuses on:
♦ The need for fresh policies to maximize the potential of tourism. It is expected that new policies can create more and better jobs, especially for youth and women.
♦ To create jobs in tourism as it is required to reflect and incorporate ongoing advances in technology. Tourism is generating 10% of world jobs.
The United Nations decided to celebrate the World Tourism Day on 27 September 1980. The day was chosen because the Constitution of the World Tourism Organization was accepted on this day in 1970.
India hosting the Day:
India has been chosen to host the day because it has a different geographical entity than the rest of Asia. Also, India offers a tourist different tourism choices, diverse cuisines, arts, faiths, music forms, adventures places, history and even language.
September 24, 2019
International Coastal Cleanup Day was observed on 21 September this year. Every year third Saturday is marked as the International Coastal Cleanup Day. The day aims to encourage the people to clean beaches, remove the garbage are hazardous to the ocean.
International Coastal Cleanup Day was initiated in the year 1986. The day was begun by Linda Maraniss and Kathy O Hara. The observation has now grown globally with 6 million volunteers participating from 90 countries. In the first clean up session, around 2,800 volunteers participated in cleaning the ocean.
Massive beach cleaning drive was organized in various beaches across India. Thousands of volunteers including school children, young youth and adult, environmentalists and nature activist, from across the country gathered together and participated in the massive beach cleanup drive on the occasion of International Coastal Cleanup Day (ICCD).
September 23, 2019
World Rhino Day is observed on 22 September. The event aims to celebrate the world’s five rhinoceros species and to reflect on the challenges facing them.
5 rhino species:
There are 5 rhino species living in Africa and Asia. Three of the species namely Javan Rhinos (Rhinoceros sondaicus), Sumatran rhinos (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) and black rhinos (Diceros bicornis) are listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as Critically Endangered. One of the 5 species White rhinos (Ceratotherium simum) are considered near threatened, and greater one-horned rhinos (Rhinoceros unicornis) vulnerable to extinction.
The World Rhino Day was first announced by World Wildlife Fund (WWF)-South Africa in 2010. In the year 2011, World Rhino Day grew into an international success. The day encompasses both African and Asian rhino species.
September 23, 2019
International Day of Sign Languages is observed on 23 September 2019 globally. The day aims to create awareness to bring out the importance of sign language in the full realization of the human rights of people who are deaf. It also aims to preserve the sign languages as a part of linguistic and cultural diversity.
The theme for the 2019 International Day of Sign Languages is Sign Language Rights for All!
The International Day of Sign Languages on 23rd September was observed proclaimed by the UN General Assembly (UNGA). The resolution was passed by UNGA to acknowledge that early access to sign language and services in sign language, including quality education available in sign language. The Sign language is very important to the growth and development of deaf individuals and critical to the achievement of the internationally agreed development goals.
For the first time, the International Day of Sign Languages was observed on 23 September 2018. It was observed with the theme With Sign Language, Everyone is Included!
World Federation of the Deaf:
The World Federation of the Deaf reported that there are approximately 72 million deaf people worldwide and more than 80% live in developing countries. Collectively more than 300 different sign languages are used.
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities also promotes the necessity of sign languages. It has also recognized that the sign languages are equal in status to spoken languages. The convention facilitates the learning of sign language and promotes the linguistic identity of the deaf community.
September 21, 2019
United Nations International Day of Peace is observed on September 21.
International Day of Peace 2019: Theme
The theme of International Day of Peace 2019 is Climate Action for Peace.
The theme focuses on the need of combating climate change as a way to protect and promote peace throughout the world. The climate change causes clear threats to international peace and security. Due to natural disasters millions of people are forced to leave their homes and seek safety. The food security is hampering by the salinization of water and crops.
International Day of Peace: History
The International Day of Peace established by the UN resolution on 1981. First time it was celebrated in 1982. It was celebrated on the third Tuesday of September each year. The main focus of declaring 21 September day as International Day of Peace is to encourage people to work in cooperation and to maintain worldwide peace.
In 2015, the United Nations member States adopted the 17 Sustainable Development Goals because it was understood that to obtain worldwide peace it is necessary to focus on the economic and social development for all people everywhere and to ensure that their rights were protected. The various issues are covered in the Sustainable Development Goals including poverty, health, education, climate change, gender equality, water, sanitation, energy, environment and social justice.
The Sustainable Development Goal 13 focuses on Climate Action, need for immediate call to all to lower greenhouse gas emissions, to build resilience and improve education on climate change. There is a need to encourage people about the use of renewable energy, clean technologies.
Every year UN International Day of Peace is celebrated to encourage people about worldwide peace which can be achieved by focusing on and understanding the factors of climate change.
September 21, 2019
World Alzheimer's Day is observed on 21 September every day. The month of September is dedicated to bringing awareness about Alzheimer's and other dementia conditions. Per 2018 World Alzheimer Report, over 50 million people worldwide suffer from the disease. The number that will almost double every 20 years, reaching 131.5 million in 2050.
The theme for World Alzheimer's Month 2019 is Raising awareness and challenging stigma. The day focuses on stigma and how to break stereotypes and myths that surround the diagnosis of dementia.
Alzheimer's Disease is registered every 3.2 seconds totalling up to 9.9 million cases worldwide per year. It is the most common form of dementia.
The most common symptom of Alzheimer's disease is forgetfulness. A person will forget important dates, names or events, asking for the same questions over and over. Other symptoms include social withdrawal, mood swings, distrust, irritability, aggressiveness, changes in sleeping habits, wandering, depression, apathy, loss of inhibitions and delusions.
The risk of Alzheimer's disease can be reduced by exercising regularly, eating a diet of fresh produce, healthy oils and foods which are low in saturated fat are beneficial and breathing exercises that help immensely.
September 19, 2019
World Bamboo Day was observed on 18 September every year. It was observed by the World Bamboo Organisation (WBO). The Day aims to raise awareness to conserve and promote the bamboo industry. The days also aims to bring the potential of bamboo to protect the natural resources and the environment and to ensure sustainable utilization of bamboo. It promotes new cultivation of bamboo for new industries in regions around the world for community economic development.
Centre's action towards bamboo:
Bamboo is known as a poor man’s timber and green gold. Bamboo grows fast, low on maintenance and has versatile potential. After China, India is the world’s second-largest cultivator of bamboo. The State of Environment report 2018 said that there are 136 species and 23 genera of bamboo spread over 13.96 million hectares in India.
In 2017, the Indian Parliament declassified bamboo as a tree on non-forest lands. The Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare launched the National Bamboo Mission with an aim to provide a boost to livelihood and environmental acreage. Also, the Ministry of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSME) launched a scheme named SFURTI (Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries) with an aim to boost traditional industries and bamboo artisans.
World Bamboo Organisation (WBO):
WBO was initially founded as the International Bamboo Association (IBA) in the year 1991 at the International Bamboo Workshop in Chiangmai, Thailand. In 1998, IBA was re-established as the World Bamboo Organisation (WBO). WBO is a non-profit organization that aims to improve and promote the use of bamboo and the products of bamboo for the sake of the environment and economy.
September 18, 2019
World Health Organization (WHO) declared September 17, 2019 as the first World Patient Safety Day. Globally, 134 million adverse events contribute to 2.6 million deaths each year due to unsafe care. There are 28,000 deaths per year in Canada, patient harm ranks third in mortality after cancer and heart disease.
The slogan for the day is Speak Up for Patient Safety.This campaign will mobilize patients and their families, health workers, policy makers, academicians, researchers, professional networks and the healthcare industry to speak up!
The raise awareness of the need to formulate policies, create a safe work culture, and provide care where the safety of patients is a priority.
The WHO spotlights patient safety to increase public awareness and engagement, enhance global understanding, and spur global action. The patients be more aware and engaged in their own care.
There are many ways in which to help spread this campaign.
World Health Organization
Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
Head: Tedros Adhanom
Founded: 7 April 1948
September 15, 2019
The International Day of Democracy is observed on 15 September. The day aims to provide an opportunity to review the state of democracy in the world. The day urges all governments to respect their citizens' right to active, substantive and meaningful participation in democracy. The day urges all governments to respect their citizens' right to active, substantive and meaningful participation in democracy.
Democracy is a process which will happen only with the full participation of and support by the international community, national governing bodies, civil society, and individuals. Democracy is a two-way street that is built on a constant dialogue between civil society and the political class.
In Sustainable Development Goal 16 (SDG-16) democracy has been addressed in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. According to SDG, democracy is the indivisible links between peaceful societies and effective, accountable and inclusive institutions.
September 12, 2019
International Day for South-South Cooperation is observed on 12 September. South-South cooperation is a broad framework where the South Countries have collaborated in various domains including political, economic, social, cultural, environmental and technical domains. The day celebrates the political, social and economical developments made by regions and countries in the south in recent years.
South-South Cooperation works towards achieving the internationally agreed development goals, including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (SDGs). It aims to boost the progress towards implementing the SDGs. It raises the awareness of the efforts taken by the United Nation to work on technical cooperation among developing countries.
The theme for the 2019 South-South Cooperation is From Commitment to Action — Follow up to Buenos Aires Plan of Action+40. It is a follow up to the Second High-level United Nations Conference on South-South Cooperation (BAPA+40) was held in Buenos Aires, Argentina on 20-22 March 2019. The theme focuses on implementing the commitments adopted in the summit.
The Day was originally observed on December 19. The day of South-South Cooperation was fully adopted by the United Nations on 12 September 2011. The day commemorates the day when the UN General Assembly (UNGA) adopted a plan of action in 1978 to promote and implement technical cooperation among developing countries.
September 10, 2019
Week-long conference on global water issues the 2019 World Water Week organised by the Stockholm International Water Institute(SIWI) observed in Stockholm, Sweden from 25 to 30 August
The theme is Water for society – Including all.
Dr Jackie King was awarded 2019 Stockholm Water Prize Laureate during the conference for her contribution to global river management.
The form partnerships, discuss water stress issues, review implementation thus by overall improving the health, livelihood and poverty reduction.
The conference was attended by 4,000 participants from 138 countries globally. The Indian representatives were Jal Shakti Minister Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, Rajiv Ranjan Mishra, the Director-General(DG) of National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG)
Gajendra Singh Shekhawat addressed the event during the session titled High-level dialogue: Building a Resilient Future through Water
A pavilion on the ‘Namami Gange’ mission was set up during the conference.
The Jal minister launched Mission Paani global campaign in Stockholm. It was launched in Mumbai, India on September 7, 2019 by News 18 and Reckitt Benckiser hygiene home product company’s brand Harpic along with Bollywood actor Amitabh Bhachan (campaign ambassador).
Drinking water and Sanitation department secretary Parameswaran Iyer Retired Indian Administrative Service(IAS) officer who resigned his job to head India’s cleanliness drive Swachh Bharat Mission concluded at the closing ceremony of the conference about India’s massive undertaking for access to clean water and safe sanitation before 2024.
September 10, 2019
World Suicide Prevention Day 2019 is observed on 10 September every year. The day aims to raise awareness of the risks of suicide and to fund suicide prevention activities. It also aims to provide worldwide commitment and action to prevent suicides.
The theme for the World Suicide Prevention Day 2019 is Working Together to Prevent Suicide. A survey said that every year, suicide is among the top 20 leading causes of death globally for people of all ages. The theme aims to encourage and engage with each other and to spread awareness of suicide prevention. Over 800,000 people, which is a death every 40 seconds or about 3,000 every day, die by suicide.
The Day was initiated by the International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP) in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Federation for Mental Health (WFMH). The day is being observed since 2003.
September 8, 2019
On 8th September every year, International Literacy Day is celebrated to make people to know the importance of Literacy for people, communities and societies.
It aims to combat worldwide problems also to promote illiteracy. The theme for 2019 is Literacy and Multilingualism.
History and aim of International Literacy Day:
On 26th October in 1966, the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) declared 8th September as International Literacy Day.
Literacy is essential to explore our skills to enhance the contribution needed for employment, careers, and livelihoods in technically, speaking skill up to nowadays digital skills.
Literacy and Multilingualism:
To distribute the necessity of literacy across countries and populations to focus on education and literacy development to overcome the challenges and to achieve Sustainable Development Goals.
September 5, 2019
The International Day of Charity is observed on 5 September across the world. The day is observed to commemorate the death anniversary of Mother Teresa. The day aims to make people understand the importance of charity.
The day was created by the Hungarian Civil society initiative in 2011. In 2012, the UN General Assembly (UNGA) officially declared 5 September as the International Day of Charity.
Mary Teresa Bojaxhiu, Mother Teresa, was born on 26 August 1910 in Skopje, North Macedonia. In 1950, she founded the Missionaries of Charity in India. It helps the poor on the streets of Kolkata. The foundation manages homes for people who are dying of leprosy, TB and HIV/AIDS. Through the charity, Mother Teresa spent around 45 years in serving the poor, sick, orphaned and dying on the streets of Kolkata. She died at the age of 87 in 1997 in Kolkata.
Awards: In 1962 she was awarded Padma Shri and Ramon Magsaysay. In 1979 she was awarded Nobel Prize for Peace and in 1980 she received Bharat Ratna award. In 2016 she was canonized by Pope Francis.
September 5, 2019
Teacher's Day is celebrated in India on 5 September each year. The Day commemorates the 131st birth anniversary of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. The day is being observed since 1962. It was the year when he has assumed the post of the President of India.
The Teachers' Day is celebrated to know the contribution of all the teachers for their hard work and endless contribution in shaping a student’s educational life. The day is dedicated to all the teachers, mentors and gurus who guide the students to become better human beings.
Dr.Radhakrishnan was born on 5 September 1888. He studied and worked as a professor in many education institutions, as he spent his life as an academic, including Calcutta University, Mysore University, Oxford University, University of Chicago, and Madras Presidency College. He was one of the most eminent scholars of the 20th century. He wrote the famous book The Philosophy of Rabindranath Tagore. The book attracted global attention to Indian philosophy and the Indian way of thinking.
Dr.S.Radhakrishnan was the first Vice President and second President of India. He served as Vice President from 1952-1962 and from 1962-1967, he served as the President of India.
In 1954, Dr.Radhakrishnan was awarded the Bharat Ratna award. He was nominated 27 times for Nobel Prize, 16 times for the Nobel prize in literature and 11 times for the Nobel Peace Prize.
September 3, 2019
World Coconut Day observed on September 2. Coconut Development Board (CDB) distribute its National Awards in various categories on the season of World Coconut Day celebration at Bhubaneswar, India. Coconut, the tree of life Sustains family well being is a theme by the Asian and Pacific Coconut Community for the World Coconut Day.
History of World Coconut Day
The Coconut Development Board celebrated the World Coconut Day at NEDFI Convention Centre, Guwahati, Assam. Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi awards 15 people have exceeded in coconut farming, industry, and other coconut related activities. Assam is the next major coconut producing state in India; the CDB decided to hold the national-level function on occasion there this year. About 33,493 hectares in all seven NE states are under coconut cultivation, Assam alone is cultivating 20,368 hectares.Coconuts are members of the drupe family, and it is a fleshy fruit that has been planting in tropical regions for millions of years. On this day, Entire globe celebrates one of nature’s healthiest foods.
August 30, 2019
The International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances is observed on 30 August every year. The Day was established by the international organization General Assembly resolution.
The International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances aims to lift awareness on enforced or involuntary disappearances that occur with arrest, detention, abduction or deprivation of the State with support by a refusal to acknowledge the deprivation of liberty or by concealment of the fate.
Enforced disappearance became a global issue as it was not restricted to a particular region of the world. It is also concerned to stop the rising issues concerning the ill-treatment, harassment, and intimidation of witnesses of disappearances or relatives of persons who have disappeared.
The UN General Assembly (UNGA) passed a resolution because of its concern to the increased enforced or involuntary disappearances in various regions of the world. The reason for the disappearances included arrest, detention, and abduction. The Assembly adopted the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance. It then decided to declare 30 August the International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances. The day was first observed in 2011.
August 30, 2019
The National Sports Day is celebrated nation-wide on 29 August 2019. The Day is celebrated to mark the birth anniversary of hockey legend Major Dhyan Chand. 2019 National Sports Day marked the 114th birth anniversary of Major Dhyan Chand.
The Day aims to raise awareness about staying fit and healthy. The Day spreads awareness on the importance of sports and daily activities in every individual's life.
Dhyan Chand is popularly known as the Wizard of Indian Hockey. He secured over 400 goals in 22 years during the period 1926 to 1948. He is regarded as India's greatest hockey player ever. Under his leadership, the Indian Hockey team achieved several victories. He led India into 3 Olympic gold medals in 1928, 1932 and 1936.
August 29, 2019
The International Day against Nuclear Tests is observed across the world on 29 August. The day aims to provoke the world organization, youth networks, and the media against nuclear testing. The day highlights the importance to ban nuclear tests as a valuable step towards achieving a safer world. Poisoned groundwater, cancer, leukemia, radioactive are caused by the toxic legacies of nuclear testing.
UN General Assembly (UNGA) after the 64 sessions of the world organization meeting declared 29 August as International Day against Nuclear Tests. It unanimously adopted resolution 64/35 on Dec 2, 2009. The inaugural commemoration of the International Day against Nuclear Tests was marked in 2010.
Kazakhstan initiated the resolution with the support of a large number of sponsors to commemorate the closure of the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test site on 29 August 1991.
Nuclear weapons testing began on 16 July 1945. So far, nearly 2,000 test has taken place. The countries that have tested the nuclear weapons so far are USA, USR, UK, France, China, India, Pakistan, and North Korea.
August 24, 2019
The world observed ‘International Day Commemorating the Victims of Acts of Violence Based on Religion or Belief’ for the first time.
The main aim is to honor the victims and survivors of disgraceful acts who often remain forgotten.
United Nation General Assembly (UNGA) adopted resolution A/RES/73/296 & designated 22 August as International Day Commemorating the Victims of Acts of Violence Based on Religion or Belief .
The recognising the importance of providing victims of acts of violence based on religion or belief and members of their families with appropriate support and assistance in accordance with applicable law..
The General Assembly recalled that States have the primary responsibility to promote and protect human rights, including the human rights of persons belonging to religious minorities, including their right to exercise their religion or belief freely.
The atrocities continue to be stemmed in the regions Myanmar occupied Kashmir, Syria, and Palestine among other parts of the world, as per the recent report.
This Day comes right after the International Day of Remembrance and Tribute to the Victims of Terrorism, which was observed on 21 August 2019.