3 days ago
The National Road Safety Month is observed from 18th January 2021 to 17th February 2021. This is an initiative of the government to increase awareness of road safety and reduce road accidents in India.
National Road Safety Month:
Activities planned during the National Road Safety Month include the screening of a film on road safety, the flag-off of the National Championship Safe Speed Challenge from the border of Wagah to Kanyakumari, and the award of road safety awards. The State government, PSUs and insurance companies will also participate in awareness raising activities through seminars, walking marathons and poster making competitions.
Road accidents in India:
In India, road accidents are still the leading cause of death, disability and hospitalization, accounting for 11% of accident-related deaths worldwide. In India, more than 400 people are killed in road accidents every day, and more than 1,200 people are injured every day.
3 days ago
National Immunization Day was designated on 18 January 2021 all over India. In India, approximately 17.4 million children under 5 years of age who cannot hear are treated for polio to eradicate polio.
♦ India has completely eradicated polio in 2012. In order to maintain the eradication work, the Indian government organized a "Polio" immunization campaign in accordance with the standards set by the World Health Organization (WHO).
♦ National Immunization Day is one of the four strategies recommended by the World Health Organization to completely eradicate polio. According to the World Health Organization, NID must be performed twice a year, with an interval of 2 to 4 weeks.
♦ The country is using two vaccines. The two vaccines include IPV (inactivated polio vaccine) and OPV (oral polio vaccine).
♦ IPV is a wild-type poliovirus strain that can be used in combination with other vaccines. It includes diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, Haemophilus, hepatitis B and influenza.
♦ IPV is more effective than OPV. It can improve the intestinal immunity of children who have been immunized with OPV.
4 days ago
Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) celebrates its 6th Annual Day. The Central Adoption Resources Authority is the statutory body.
♦ CARA (Central Adoption Resources Authority) is the statutory body of the Ministry of Women and Child Development of the Government of India.
♦ CARA serves as a nodal agency for the adoption of Indian children, and is mandated to supervise and regulate domestic and international adoptions.
♦ In accordance with the provisions of the Hague Convention on Inter-country Adoption, 1993 approved by the Indian government in 2003, CARA was designated as the Central Authority to deal with inter-country adoptions.
♦ CARA mainly deals with the adoption of orphans, abandoned and surrendered children through its related/recognized adoption agencies.
4 days ago
Thiruvalluvar Day 2021 was observed on 15th January. The Government of Tamil Nadu celebrated Thiruvalluvar Day on 15th January (16th leap year) in honour of the poet Thiruvalluvar as part of Pongal celebrations.
The Government of Tamil Nadu celebrated Thiruvalluvar Day on 15th January (16th leap year) in honour of the poet Thiruvalluvar as part of Pongal celebrations. The Puducherry Government also complies with this regulation. On the fourth day of the Pongal celebration, people celebrated this day, and people paid tribute to the elderly, and the elderly blessed with cash and in kind.
Thiruvalluvar, commonly known as Valluvar, is a famous Tamil poet and philosopher. He is known for his book Thirukkural, Thirukkural is a collection of couplets about ethics, politics, economy and love. The work consists of 1330 couplets, divided into 13 parts, each part has 10 couplets. This text is considered a special and popular work of Tamil literature. Thirukkural has been translated into 37 languages. Little is known about his life. Different sources gave different dates. Maraimalai Adigal deduced that his birth year was 31 BC, while Czech scholars like Kamil Zvelebil deduced that he lived around 500 CE.
4 days ago
Traditionally, the Lohri festival is associated with the harvest of rabies crops. It is time to harvest the sugarcane crop. Even Punjabi farmers after Lohri (Maghi) see it as the New Year.
♦ The three foods associated with the Lohri Festival are rewri, peanuts and popcorn.
♦ From intimate licking—from the last sugared cinnamon-infused rice, to relaxation in the softness of the splendid campfire—the Lohri festival is a time of luxury.
♦ Every January 13th, to commemorate the winter solstice and celebrate the customs of Punjab harvest season, this festival is full of attractions and pungent flavors.
♦ The hymn Lohri is praised by the hymn as "ishvar aa, dalidar ja, dalidar di jaar chulle paa" and tells the miracle of Dulla Bhatti.
♦ Lohri has many origins. The main theme of Lohri is to make sure that Lohri is an inspirational celebration of the winter solstice.
♦ The main feature of Lohri is the bonfire. People have always liked illuminating the fire during the winter solstice. This means a longer-term comeback.
4 days ago
National Human Trafficking Awareness Day is designated every year on January 11. The commemoration began in 2011 when the president announced the National Month for the Prevention of Slavery and Human Trafficking.
In 2011, President Barack Obama issued a presidential proclamation, designating January each year as "National Month for the Prevention of Slavery and Human Trafficking." The anniversary of the announcement is called "National Human Trafficking Awareness Day". In December 1865, the Thirteenth Amendment formally abolished slavery. However, it is regrettable that human trafficking is growing at an alarming rate. Although the United States is the world’s largest country, human trafficking has become a profitable business for some members of our society. The victims affected and forced to become modern slavery can be foreign nationals or American citizens, but they all suffer the terrible injustices of human trafficking, including sex trafficking, forced labor, involuntary slavery, forced marriage and Debt slavery.
Many anti-trafficking organizations organize awareness-raising campaigns throughout the year, especially in January, when this awareness day was recognized and publicity reached its peak. It is important to know the signs of human trafficking and who you can contact if the suspicion caused it. The National Human Trafficking Resource Center hotline is a resource that anyone can call to provide tips on potential trafficking incidents. In 2016 alone, it received 20,424 calls and reported 5,748 trafficking cases, and this number is increasing year by year. By learning more about the despicable behavior of human trafficking and what you can do if you suspect someone is a victim or organizer of this terrorist act, you can help raise awareness and potentially save people’s lives.
11 days ago
Every year, World Hindi Day is celebrated on 10 January to promote the language around the world. It is marked by Indian embassies all over the world. Since 2006, this day has been celebrated across the globe.
♦ Hindi is the 5th most spoken language in the world. It is used in Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, United Kingdom, United States, New Zealand, Germany, Uganda, UAE, Guyana, Trinidad, Suriname, South Africa and Mauritius. More than 43 core personnel in the world use this language.
♦ National Hindi Day is different from World Hindi Day which is celebrated on 14 September every year.
♦ Two awards are awarded on the National Hindi Day every year, Rajbhasha Kirti Puraskar and Rajiv Gandhi Rashtriya Gyan-Vigyan Maulik Pustak Lekhan Puraskar.
♦ The Rabhasha Prize was awarded to various ministries, PSU and state-owned banks.
♦ Since 14 September is Beohar Rajendra Simha's birthday, it was chosen as the National Hindi Day.
♦ Beohar Rajendra Simha is an Indian scholar, theologian, historian, Sanskrit, Savodyanist, politician, journalist and Gandhian. Hindi was decided as the official language of India on his 50th birthday.
♦ This word is transferred from the Sanskrit "Sindhu". After the Iranians entered India, the term "Sindh" became "India".
11 days ago
The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) celebrates its 74th anniversary. BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) is that the National Standards Body of India established under the "Bureau of Indian Standards Act" of 2016.
Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS):
♦ BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) is that the National Standards Body of India established under the "Bureau of Indian Standards Act" of 2016, going to coordinate the event of standardization, marking and quality certification activities and related problems with commodities.
♦ Through standardization, certification, and testing, BIS provides safe and reliable high-quality goods, minimizes the health hazards to consumers, promotes the use of important and export substitutes, and controls the proliferation of sorts, etc.
♦ The body was established as a BIS (Statutory Body) in 1986. Its predecessor was the Indian Standards Institution (ISI) established in 1946. The 2016 Act positioned it because of the National Standards Body.
- Standards Formulation
- Product Certification Scheme
- Compulsory Registration Scheme
- Foreign Manufacturers Certification Scheme
- Hall Marking Scheme
- Laboratory Services
- Laboratory Recognition Scheme
- Sale of Indian Standards
- Consumer Affairs Activities
- Promotional Activities
- Training Services, National & International level
- Information Services
13 days ago
Every January 6th, World War Orphans Day is celebrated to raise people's awareness of the plight of war orphans and to resolve the painful conditions they face.
♦ According to UNICEF, children under 18 who have lost one or two parents due to any cause of death are considered orphans.
♦ According to UNICEF data, there were approximately 140 million orphans worldwide in 2015, including 10 million in Latin America and the Caribbean, 61 million in Asia, 7.3 million in Eastern Europe and Central Asia and 52 million in Africa.
♦ This day highlights the lives of children affected by the results of the war and aims to improve their future.
♦ According to UNICEF data, in the wars of the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries, nearly 50% victims were civilians, and this number gradually increased in 2001. Since that year, the figure has fallen by 0.7%. Per year.
♦ In World War II, about two-thirds of the victims were civilians, and by the end of the 1980s, this number had risen to 90%.
♦ Based on the above data, it is obvious that civilians in many countries around the world have become victims of wars. Among them, the child is the victim of silence. Millions of children grew up in war zones without family racial conflicts. Orphans are not only forced to take care of themselves, but also their young siblings (if any).
♦ Therefore, this day highlights the plight of orphans and reminds us that we must take care of every child.
13 days ago
Although the Covid pandemic is still ongoing, the 16th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas Convention is being organized on January 9, 2021. Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD) was celebrated on January 9th to commemorate the contribution of overseas Indian communities to the development of India (NRI).
♦ The PBD Convention is the flagship activity of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and provides an important platform for contact and contact with overseas Indians.
♦ Since 2003, the PBD Convention has been held every year. Since 2015, the format been revised to celebrate PBD every two years.
♦ The theme of Article 16 of the 2021 PBD Convention is: "Contribution to Aatmanirbhar Bharat".
♦ Since this day in 1915, Mahatma Gandhi, the greatest Pravasi, returned to India from South Africa, leading India’s struggle for freedom and changing the lives of Indians forever. Therefore, January 9th was set to celebrate this day. Days.
♦ These conventions provide a platform for overseas Indian communities to interact with their ancestral governments and local people to carry out mutually beneficial activities.
♦ These conventions are also very useful for connecting between overseas Indian communities living around the world and enabling them to share their experiences in various fields.
16 days ago
CSIR-NPL, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)-The National Physical Laboratory (NPL) celebrates its 75th Foundation Day.
♦ Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)-The National Physical Laboratory (NPL) is one of the main laboratories of CSIR.
♦ It was established in January 1947 and is located in New Delhi.
♦ It is the National Metrology Institute of India and the main research institute in the field of physical sciences.
♦ The main purpose of the laboratory is to strengthen and advance physics-based research and development to promote the overall development of science and technology in the country.
♦ NPL has the responsibility of realizing the units of physical measurements based on the International System (SI units) under the subordinate legislations of Weights & Measures Act 1956 (reissued in 1988 under the 1976 Act).
♦ NPL also has a statutory obligation to realize, establish, maintain, replicate and update national standards for measurement and calibration facilities for different parameters.
♦ The laboratory is currently maintaining six of the seven SI basic units. These are meters, kilograms, seconds, Kelvin, ampere candela. In order to realize and establish the seventh SI basic unit of mole (mol), R&D work is underway. The supplementary units of SI are radians (rad) and steradian (sr).
♦ The physical measurement units currently maintained in the laboratory are: force, pressure, vacuum, luminous flux, sound pressure, ultrasonic power and pressure, and units of electrical and electronic parameters, namely DC voltage; resistance; current and power AC voltage current and power, Low frequency voltage; impedance and power; high frequency voltage; power; impedance; attenuation and noise; microwave power ;frequency, impedance, and attenuation and noise
17 days ago
Every January 1st, Global Family Day is celebrated all over the world (especially in the United States). This is a global day of peace and sharing. We all know how important "family" is to everyone. This is the case for Global Family Day 2021. This day treats the whole world as one family.
♦ Global Family Day (GFD) celebrated on January 1. GFD was born in the United Nations Millennium Celebration "Day of Peace". It was first observed on January 1, 2000. Since then, the first day of each year will be the annual Global Family Day.
♦ GFD aims to promote multiculturalism, diversity, and teach how to coexist in peace and harmony. This day advocates the concept of the world becoming "a big global family". This also allows humans to surpass all other parameters.
♦ The main purpose of this day is for all families to gather in one place on the first day of the year to welcome the new year.
♦ January 1, 2021, is approaching. We recently wish you and your family "Happy Global Family Day 2021", and hope that the bond between you & your loved ones will be stronger.
17 days ago
Every year, the United Nations and several other international organizations celebrate World Braille Day on January 4. The purpose of celebrating Braille day is to make people realize the importance of Braille as a means of communication to realize the human rights of the blind.
♦ January 4th is a celebration, because this day is the birthday of Louis Braille, the creator of the writing system. He was born in France in 1809. The first World Braille Day was celebrated in 2019.
♦ Braille is a letter and number symbol represented by six dots. Dots represent letters and numbers as well as math, music, and science symbols. Braille was invented in France in the 19th century by Louis Braille.
♦ India adopted a unified braille code in 1951 to represent different languages. India established its first Braille factory in Dehradun, the Central Braille Factory. In 1954, a central Braille printing press was established to produce Braille electrical appliances.
♦ The printing press produces simple devices such as braille boards, stylus pens and arithmetic braille boards. GoI promulgated the "Disabled Persons Act" of 1995. The bill provides special categories called "low vision" and blind people.
♦ In addition, the bill also complies with the provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. India has accepted several UN resolutions on disabled persons. These include the 1981 International Year of Disabled Persons commemorating activities and the 1983-92 United Nations Decade of Disabled Persons commemorating activities.
♦ India has also complied with the "Asia-Pacific Decade for the Disabled" announced by ESCAP. ESCAP is the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific. It is a regional think tank that provides analysis and opinions ♦ on the social, economic and environmental dynamics of the region.
24 days ago
To commemorate the former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee's birth anniversary, every year, 25th December is celebrated as Good Governance Day.
♦ The Good Governance Day aims to create awareness of accountability in government among the citizens of India.
♦ Governance is the decision-making process and the process of implementing (or not implementing) decisions.
♦ Governance can be used in many contexts, such as corporate governance, international governance, national governance, and local governance.
♦ Eight Characteristics of Good Governance, as identified by the United Nations, are:
- Participation, the rule of law, Transparency, Responsiveness, Consensus orientation, Equity, Effectiveness and Efficiency, Accountability
♦ Challenges to Good Governance in India:
- Women Empowerment, Corruption, Delay in Justice
Centralization of Administrative System, Criminalization of Politics, Environmental security, sustainable development, Challenges of globalization, liberalization and market economy
♦ Initiatives Taken by Government are:
- Good Governance Index, National e-Governance Plan, Right to Information Act,2005
- Other Initiatives are: Setting up NITI Aayog, Make in India programme, Lokpal, etc.
25 days ago
December 27, 2020, is the first international day of epidemic preparedness in history. The United Nations General Assembly calls on all member states and other global organizations to designate December 27 as the International Day of Epidemic Preparedness each year to promote the importance of global partnerships in response to epidemics.
♦ The United Nations General Assembly called on countries to commemorate this day "in accordance with national conditions and priorities" through education and awareness-raising activities.
♦ The lack of international attention to this demand will cause future pandemics to exceed previous outbreaks in terms of intensity and severity.
♦ The World Health Organization (WHO) has played an essential role in supporting international efforts to contain the spread of pandemics and epidemics.
♦ This world body also recognizes the government's critical role and other key stakeholders (such as medical staff) in controlling the epidemic.
♦ The International Day for Epidemic Prevention aims to raise the awareness and actions of the international community on the prevention of epidemics, the prevention of epidemics and the establishment of partnerships.
♦ Each International Day provides many actors with the opportunity to organize activities related to the theme of the day. Most importantly, the organizations and offices of the United Nations system, the government, civil society, public and private sectors, schools, universities, and more generally Citizens, make International Day a springboard for awareness-raising actions.
♦ Epidemics mainly include infectious diseases. Excludes cancer, cardiovascular disease and other non-communicable diseases. An epidemic is a disease that spreads rapidly to many people in a short period.
♦ In 1200 BC, Babylonian influenza hit Persians, Mesopotamians, Central Asia and South Asia. Between 429 BC and 426 BC, the plague-infected Libya, Greece, Egypt, and Ethiopia. From then on, until the 14th century, various forms of plague began to infect many people. They are mainly Bubenck plague. In 737 BC, smallpox infected Japan. In 2019, Lhasa fever broke out in Nigeria.
♦ A new type of measles called Samoa measles infected Samoa. Kuala Koh measles affected Malaysia in 2019. In 2018, the Nipah virus-infected several Keralites in India. In 2017, Japanese encephalitis infected India's UP state. In 2016, the Yemeni cholera epidemic occurred in Yemen and had continued to this day. Between 2015 and 2016, Zika virus-infected all over the world.
♦ In 2015, the swine flu broke out in India. In 2014, an outbreak of jaundice in the Indian state of Orissa due to jaundice hepatitis. In 2013, the Chickengunya epidemic spread to the United States. In 2011, an epidemic of hand, foot and mouth disease occurred in Vietnam. In 2010, an outbreak of African meningitis occurred in West Africa.
28 days ago
Every December 24th, India celebrates National Consumer Rights Day. Celebrate World Consumer Rights Day on March 15. India celebrates National Consumer Day to protect the interests of consumers. This year, celebrate the National Consumer Rights Day with the following Theme: Sustainable Consumer
♦ The National Consumer Rights Day was celebrated on December 24, which was the "Consumer Protection Law" promulgated on this day in 1986.
♦ The Consumer Law recognizes the six rights of consumers. They are the right to choose, remedy, hearing, education, protection, and information.
♦ The right to protection is the right to be protected so as not to market goods and services that endanger life and property.
♦ The right to know has been informed about the quality, quantity, potency, purity, commodity prices, and standards.
♦ The right of hearing means that the opinions of consumers should be listened to and that the rights and interests of consumers should be given due consideration under appropriate conditions.
♦ The right to remedy is seeking remedies for unfair trade practices and exploitation. According to the bill, quick and simple remedies for consumers will be established at the regional, state, and central levels.
♦ The right to know is the right to know the competitive prices of goods and services.
♦ The Central Consumer Protection Bureau was established in accordance with the Consumer Protection Law. It was established under the Consumer Protection Act of 2019.
♦ This agency has the power to investigate matters related to violations of consumer rights. It will mainly ensure that the goods and services provided comply with the regulations of the Food Safety and Standards Agency of India.
♦ It has the right to withdraw services that are unsafe, dangerous and dangerous to consumers, by ordering the return of the price of goods or services, and suspending unfair practices.
30 days ago
Kisan Diwas (Divas) or National Farmer’s Day or Kisan Samman Divas is observed in India on 23 December. The day is observed to mark the birthday of Chaudhary Charan Singh, the fifth Prime Minister of the Indian Republic.
The aim is to promote awareness among the citizens to understand the importance of the contributions of the farmers to the society. Agriculture is the backbone for India’s economic development, as more than 40% of the total employment in India is employed in the Agricultural sector.
Chaudhary Charan Singh:
Charan Singh was born in 1902 at Noorpur in Meerut district, Uttar Pradesh. Charan Singh served as the Prime Minister of India from 28 July 1979 to 14 January 1980. Chaudhary Charan Singh has done various deeds to enhance the scenario of Indian agriculture. His contribution to the agricultural sector introduced several reforms and policies in India. Charan Singh’s farmer background assisted him to comprehend the actual constraints of the farmer and he contributed a lot to support them. He also attributed to invent and execute the Zamindari Abolition Act. He died on 29 May 1987.
31 days ago
The United Nations General Assembly celebrates the 2020 International Day of Human Unity on December 20 each year. Unity is considered to be one of the basic values of international relations in the Millennium Declaration in the 21st century.
♦ Unity is considered to be one of the basic values of international relations in the Millennium Declaration. In this case, those who suffer or benefit the least should get help from those who benefit the most.
♦ With the increasing challenges of globalization and inequality, building international solidarity has become important. Therefore, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed December 20 as International Human Solidarity Day.
♦ The General Assembly passed Resolution 60/209 on December 22, 2005, which regarded unity as one of the basic and universal values of the 21st century. Therefore, every December 20th is declared as International Human Solidarity Day.
♦ The concept of solidarity was promoted through the establishment of the World Foundation for the Elimination of Poverty and the announcement of the International Day of Human Solidarity.
♦ The creation of the United Nations and peoples of the world to promote peace, human rights, and social and economic development. The organization is based on unity and harmony among its members.
♦ The concept of collective security expresses this. It relies on its members to unite as one to "maintain international peace and security."
31 days ago
The National Math Day is celebrated December 22 to commemorate the birthday anniversary of Srinivasa Ramanujan. Ramanujan is remembered for his contributions to number theory, mathematical analysis, infinite series and continuous fractions. This year is his 132nd birthday.
Ramanujan was born on December 22, 1887 in the Erode area of Tamil Nadu. In a short life (he died on April 26, 1920 at the age of 32), Ramanujan possessed a wealth of ideas that changed and reshaped mathematics in the 20th century. He has not received any formal training in pure mathematics, and has contributed to number theory, infinite series and mathematical analysis. His ideas continue to shape mathematics in the 21st century. He also discovered his own theorems and independently compiled up to 3900 mathematical results and equations. Ramanujan's Prime and Theta discoveries inspired further research on the subject of mathematics. He is also known for the Hardy-Ramanujan number "1729", which is the smallest number that can be expressed in two different ways as the sum of two different cubes. He and the British mathematician G.H. Hardy
In 2012, the Federal Government, headed by the then Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh, declared December 22nd as "National Mathematical Day" to celebrate the 125th birthday of Srinivasa Ramanujan. The government also announced that 2012 will be the "National Year of Mathematics."
31 days ago
Every December 18th is World Arabic Language Day. The day is to celebrate the multilingual and cultural diversity of the United Nations. The development of real-time translation tools through artificial intelligence (AI) can promote dialogue between people and culture.
♦ The celebration of the day was held at the UNESCO headquarters in Paris, France.
♦ The theme of World Arabic Language Day 2020 is “Arabic Language Academies: Necessity of Luxury?”
♦ On this day, several round table discussions were held to discuss the role of AI in promoting and preserving the Arabic language
♦ Discussions on issues related to the computerization of Arabic was held.
♦ The celebration was organized in cooperation with the Permanent Mission of Saudi Arabia and the Sultan Bin Abdul Aziz Saudi Foundation.
♦ Arabic is widely used in the world. Language is the backbone of human cultural diversity. More than 290 million people use it every day. Arabic language day is celebrated since 2012.
♦ This date coincides with the date when the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted Arabic as the sixth official language of the organization in 1973.
31 days ago
The tribute was paid to Guru Tegh Bahadur (Guru Tegh Bahadur) on December 19 on the ocassion of Shahidi Divas. Guru Tegh Bahadur was the ninth master, born in 1621. He was the ninth of ten Gurus who founded the Sikh religion
Guru Tegh Bahadur:
Guru Tegh Bahadur was born in Tyaga Mal. The name Guru Tegh Bahadur was given to him by Guru Hargobind. Tegh Bahadur was taught by Bhai Buddha, he trained his archery and horsemanship, and Bhai Gurdas taught him ancient classics. While in Bakala, Guru Tegh Bahadur spent about 26 years, 9 months and 13 days in this place. In 1675, Guru Tegh Bahadur was executed in Delhi under the order of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. He offered many hymns to his Guru Granth Sahib, including Salok or couplets. His works include 116 shabads and 15 ragas. His works are included in Adi Granth. His son Guru Gobind Singh was the last Sikh guru, turning this community into a military contest against Mugal forces. Guru Tegh Bahadur was traveled extensively to preach the teachings of Nanak.
31 days ago
ASSOCHAM (Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India) Foundation Week 2020 is observed from December 15, 2020, to December 19, 2020.
♦ The Association Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM) is one of the highest trade associations in India.
♦ It was established in 1920.
♦ This organization represents the interests of Indian trade and commerce and acts as an interface between issues and initiatives.
♦ The goal of the organization is to promote domestic and international trade.
32 days ago
Every year 19th December is observed as Goa Liberation Day in India and it marks the day the Indian armed forces freed Goa in 1961 following 450 years of Portuguese rule.
♦ The Portuguese colonized some areas of India in 1510, but by the end of the 19th century, India's colonies in India were limited to Goa, Daman, Diu, Dadra, Nagar Haveli, and Anje diva.
♦ On August 15, 1947, India gained independence, and Goa was still under Portuguese rule.
♦ The Portuguese refused to give up control of Goa and other Indian territories.
♦ Former Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru decided that military intervention is the only option for success.
♦ The 36-hour military operation from December 18, 1961, codenamed "Operation Vijay", which means " Operation Victory ", involved attacks by the Indian Navy, Indian Air Force and Indian Army.
♦ "The War Memorial at Indian Naval Ship Gomantak was constructed in memory of seven young gallant sailors and other personnel who laid down their lives on 19 Dec 1961 in the "Operation Vijay" undertaken by the Indian Navy for the liberation of Anjadip Island and Territories of Goa, Daman and Diu,".
♦ Goa Liberation Day has many events and celebrations held in Goa, although this celebration is expected to be cancelled due to the pandemic.
♦ The torchlight procession was lit from three different locations in the state, and finally, all gatherings were held in Azad Maidan. This is where a tribute to those who lost their lives in the acquisition of Goa.
India also held various cultural programs such as SugamSangeet (Indian music and Kannada poetry) to commemorate the occasion.
32 days ago
India has designated December 18 as "Minority Day" or "Minority Rights Day" in order to commemorate the rights of religious minorities in the country guaranteed by the Constitution.
♦ Minority Rights day is to commemorate the rights of religious minorities in the country guaranteed by the Constitution.
♦ In 1992, the United Nations adopted a statement on the rights of individuals belonging to religions, languages or ethnic minorities. In the same year, the Indian government established the National Commission for Minority.
♦ In 2006, the Ministry of Minority Affairs emerged from the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
♦ In India, five religious communities are notified as ethnic minorities. These people include Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists and Zoroastrians or Parsis. After 2014, Jains was also notified as a minority community.
37 days ago
On December 16, 2019, India commemorated its victory over Pakistan in the 1971 war. India fought against Pakistan helping Bangladesh gain its freedom and won the war. On the same day, Bangladesh celebrates its independence.
♦ To commemorate the victory of India and to pay tribute to the soldiers who fought in the war, the three army chiefs reached the war memorial in Delhi.
♦ They paid tribute to the brave soldiers who lost their lives in the war. PM Modi and Defense Minister Rajnath Singh, as well as other senior leaders, also paid tribute to the soldiers.
♦ It was on this day that the Pakistani army with 93,000 soldiers surrendered. 1971 War India and Pakistan faced each other with their armed forces for 13 days between December 3, 1971, and December 16, 1971, over the freedom of Bangladesh.
♦ The armies clashed in the US on Eastern and Western fronts. The war ended on December 16, 1971, after the armies signed the instrument of surrender and announced a new nation to Bangladesh.
♦ The NRC and the Indian War Government seal the date of the NRC of Assam as March 24, 1971. This is because the war officially began on that particular date.
♦ On March 24, 1971, the Pakistani army opened fire in Rangpur, Chittagong, and Syedpur, killing more than 1,000 people. Thereafter, the number of immigrants from Bangladesh to Assam and other nearby states increased. Hence, the date of the NRC is sealed on March 24, 1971.
38 days ago
The Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) holds "National Energy Conservation Day" on December 14 every year, to show India's achievements in energy efficiency and energy conservation. The "National Energy Conservation Award" will be awarded at that time.
♦ Every year, a "National Energy Conservation Award Program" is also organized to commend and encourage the efforts of various organizations that achieve efficient use and conservation of energy.
♦ The award also recognizes the energy efficiency achievements of industries, institutions and institutions in 56 sub-sectors, including regional railways, railway workshops and stations, municipalities, thermal power plants, power distribution companies, nationally designated agents, hospitals, hotels, shopping centres and BEE Manufacturing electrical appliances or equipment with an asterisk in the trademark.
♦ In addition to awarding certificates to the winners of the National Energy Conservation Award Program, BEE also awards certificates to the winners of the National Energy Conservation Painting Competition, to increase school children's awareness of energy efficiency and energy conservation.
♦ The Energy Conservation (EC) Act was enacted in 2001 to reduce the energy intensity of the Indian economy. The Bureau of Energy Efficiency - BEE was established at the central government in 2002 as a statutory body to promote the implementation of the EC law. It operates under the Ministry of Electric Power.
39 days ago
This day reminds everyone that no matter who they are or where they live, they should be able to get the quality medical care they need without facing financial difficulties. December 12, every year is the International Universal Health Coverage Day.
♦ The theme of UHC Day 2020 is 'Health for all: protect everyone. UHC Day Campaign on 12 December 2020 will mark one year since the first cases of COVID-19 were reported.
♦ Celebrate this day globally to demonstrate the importance of universal health coverage (UHC) for a resilient and robust health system.
♦ This day reminds everyone that no matter who they are or where they live, they should be able to get the quality medical care they need without facing financial difficulties.
♦ On December 12, 2012, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed a resolution on global health and accelerated the process of achieving universal health coverage (UHC).
♦ On September 25, 2015, the UNGA (United Nations General Assembly) passed a resolution on "Change Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development" and gave the goal of achieving universal health coverage by 2030. Provide everyone with safe, high-quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines.
♦ UHC ensures that people of all groups, religions, castes, etc. receive quality medical services without any financial difficulties. It includes high-quality treatment, health services, rehabilitation, from health promotion to prevention and palliative care.
39 days ago
Any sovereign country that restricts all countries from participating in wars between other countries and maintains a fair attitude towards the warring parties is called a neutral country. The International Neutrality Day is set on December 12.
♦ The purpose of this day is to promote the use of preventive diplomacy, which is a core goal of the United Nations.
♦ The actions of the United Nations are aimed at raising public awareness of the neutral value of international relations.
♦ International Neutrality Day was officially announced in February 2017 by a resolution of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).
♦ This date was first observed on December 12, 2017. Observance of this day shows that neutrality is very important for the United Nations to gain trust. Cooperate with all member states to operate independently and effectively.
♦ Any sovereign country that restricts all countries from participating in wars between other countries and maintains a fair attitude towards the warring parties is called a neutral country. In turn, the belligerent should recognize this abstention and fairness.
42 days ago
The Indian Navy celebrated Submarine Day on December 8 that the second lieutenant of the Indian Navy launched on the INS Kalvari in Riga, Latvia, the former Soviet Union in 1967. This was the first submarine of the Indian Navy. Kalvari is the Malayalam name for the predator tiger shark. In the Indian Ocean, Kalvari retired in 1996 after 29 years of service.
♦ INS Kalvari is a Foxtrot-class diesel-electric submarine of the former Soviet Union. This is a 91.3-meter-long submarine with 75 crew members. Its surface speed is 16 knots and its underwater speed is 15 knots.
♦ It has a range of 32,000 km at 8 knots per hour on the ground and 610 km at 10 knots per hour underwater. It can carry 22 torpedoes and 42 mines instead of torpedoes.
♦ The first commander of INS Kal Kalvari, Commander KS Subramanian, brought the submarine from St. Petersburg, Russia to Visakhapatnam, India.
♦ After the INS Kalvari missile, three more submarines-Karanj, Khanderi and Kursura-are in service with the submarine support vehicle Amba in the Indian Navy. In 1972, an underwater rescue ship INS Nistar also entered service.
♦ The Indian Navy is introducing several "Kalvari" class submarines, named after the first submarine in service. INS Kalvari is an S fish-class diesel-electric submarine, which was put into use in 2017 after being constructed at Mazagon Wharf in Mumbai.
♦ It was designed by the French company DCNS. INS Khanderi is another of the Kalvari-class submarines currently in service. The other submarines scheduled to join service in this class are Vela, Karanj, Vaghir and Vaghsheer.
42 days ago
The United Nations (UN) and several other international organizations celebrate International Mountain Day on December 11th every year. Protecting mountain areas is very important, because mountain areas have 15% of the world's population. They also have more than half of the world's biodiversity hotspots. The protection of mountains is also a key part of Sustainable Development Goal 15. This year, celebrate the International Mountain Day with the theme "Mountain Biodiversity".
♦ The first International Mountain Day was celebrated in 2003. Mountain areas and their protection measures have attracted increasing attention, forcing the United Nations to declare 2002 as the United Nations International Year of Mountain Areas.
♦ In 1992, the United Nations adopted "Managing Fragile Ecosystems: Sustainable Mountain Development". This is part of the "Agenda 21" action plan of the Conference on Environment and Development.
♦ Goal 4 of SDG 15 is dedicated to protecting mountain biodiversity. In addition, the decade from 2021 to 2030 has been declared the United Nations Decade for Ecosystem Restoration. This also includes mountain ecosystems.
♦ Governments must prepare for the post-2020 global biodiversity framework adopted at the fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP15). These measures help protect the mountains.
♦ According to the United Nations, among the 20 crops that provide 80% of the world's food, six are diversified in mountainous areas. They are potatoes, barley, tomatoes, barley, sorghum and apples.
♦ More than half of human beings rely on mountain fresh water every day. Over 30% of the world's key biodiversity areas are located in mountainous areas. Mountain areas are being highly threatened by climate change and overdevelopment.
♦ Alpine glaciers melt faster. Therefore, reducing the carbon footprint and protecting these mountains and their biodiversity have become crucial.
43 days ago
Every year 10th December is observed as National Human Rights Day. The theme of Human Rights Day for the year 2020 is "Recover Better - Stand Up For Human Rights".
♦ The theme of Human Rights Day 2020 is "Recover Better - Stand Up For Human Rights".
♦ The main reason to observe this day every year is to help people aware of their social, cultural and physical rights and it also ensures the welfare of the people in all possible contexts.
♦ And To commemorate the "Universal Declaration of Human Rights" adopted by the UN General Assembly in December 1948.
♦ The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a landmark document in the history of human rights.
♦ The Universal Declaration of Human Rights has been translated into more than 500 languages and is the most translated document in the world.
43 days ago
The Indian Army celebrates the 260th Army Service Corps Day on December 8, 2020. The Indian Army Service Corps (IASC) is a corps and branch of the Indian Army that handles army logistics support functions.
Army Service Corps:
♦ The origin of the Corps can be found back to 1760, when the most basic supply and transportation organization of the three chairpersons of the East India Company was led by one agency.
♦ In 1901, it was renamed the Supply & Transport Corps. During World War I, the corps became a permanent part of the British Indian Army and was renamed the Indian Army Service Corps in 1923.
♦ In 1935, the corps was awarded the "Royal" prefix and was called the Royal Indian Army Service Corps (RIASC).
♦ On December 8, 1950, after India became a republic, the regiment abandoned the use of the "Royal" prefix and was renamed the Indian Army Corps again. From that day on, the Corps began to celebrate the fundraising day on December 8.
♦ The unit is mainly responsible for the supply, procurement and distribution of rations, fresh and edible dry food, FOL (fuel, oil, lubricant), sanitary chemicals and hospital comfort supplies for the army, air force and navy in need, and other paramilitary forces.
♦ Other responsibilities include frontline transportation and mechanical transportation operations other than combat vehicles. Officers of army units are not considered army combatants.
♦ IASC's group buying centre is in Bangalore. Its motto is "SevaAsmakamDharmaha".
43 days ago
SAARC Charter Day is On 8th December
Every December 8th is the SAARC Charter Day. This day marked the signing of the SAARC Charter at the first SAARC meeting held in Dhaka (Bangladesh) in 1985.
♦ Only in an atmosphere free from terror and violence can the full potential of SAARC be realized. This shows that India's concerns about cross-border terrorism from Pakistan are still the main obstacle to India's participation in the summit.
♦ Pakistan and Nepal both called for the holding of the SAARC summit as soon as possible in their speeches. India also called on the SAARC countries to "commit themselves to defeating the forces that support and foster terrorism."
♦ India is also committed to building an "integrated, interconnected, secure and prosperous South Asia" and will support the economic, technological, cultural and social development of the region.
♦ India emphasized the importance of strengthening cooperation and mentioned an example of early coordination among SAARC countries in response to the Covid-19 pandemic. The Covid-19 Emergency Fund was established, and India initially provided US$10 million in donations.
♦ Due to the tension between India and Pakistan, the operation and activities of SAARC have actually come to a standstill.
♦ With the exception of the virtual meeting held in March on the Covid-19 situation, SAARC has not had any significant participation since the summit meeting held in Pakistan in 2016 after India withdrew from the Uri terrorist attack.
South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation:
- Eight Member States: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
- Secretariat: Kathmandu (Nepal).
- Goal: among other things, to promote the welfare of the people of South Asia, improve their quality of life, and promote economic growth.
- SAARC Summit: These are usually held every two years and are arranged in alphabetical order by member states. The last SAARC summit in 2014 was held in Kathmandu (Nepal), and India attended the meeting.
43 days ago
International Anti-Corruption Day is observed on 9 December. The day aims to raise awareness about corruption and the measures that can be taken to combat corruption. The day aims to raise awareness about the menace of Corruption and what people can do to fight it.
Corruption is exercising the use of powers by government officials or their network contacts for illegitimate private gain. The form of corruption includes patronage, influence peddling, graft, bribery, nepotism, extortion, cronyism. Corruption can undermine social and economic development in all societies. Sadly, no country, region or community is immune from corruption. The UN reported that every year $1 trillion is paid in bribes. It also estimated $2.6 trillion is stolen annually through corruption. The amount that is bribed in a year is the sum equivalent to more than 5% of the global Gross domestic product (GDP). The United Nations Development Programme report stated that in developing countries the funds that are lost to corruption are estimated at 10 times the amount of official development assistance.
On 31st October 2003, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted the United Nations Convention against Corruption. It passed a resolution and designated 9th December as International Anti-Corruption Day. The day was designated to raise awareness of corruption and of the role of the Convention in combating and preventing it. The Convention came into force in December 2005.
43 days ago
International Day of Commemoration and Dignity of the Victims of the Crime of Genocide and of the Prevention of this crime observed on the 9th of December. The day also marks the 72nd anniversary of the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. The day aims to raise awareness of the Genocide Convention and its role in combating and preventing the crime of genocide as defined in the Convention and to commemorate and honor its victims.
How to Prevent Genocide?
Genocide and genocidal conflicts are more important for Genocide and related atrocities that tend to occur in societies with diverse national, racial, ethnic, or religious groups that are locked in identity-related conflicts. To prevent Genocide, first the factors (discriminatory practices) in a given situation that lead to or account for acute disparities in the treatment of a diverse population should be identified. Then, ways to diminish should be found and eventually eradicate these possible causes of genocidal violence. The day is observed as genocide is a truly global challenge.
46 days ago
The Flag Day of the Armed Forces was celebrated on December 7 to commemorate the martyrs and uniformed soldiers, and dedicated to raising funds from the people for the benefit of the armed forces.
♦ All three branches of the armed forces, namely the Indian Army, the Indian Air Force and the Indian Navy, have organized various types of programs on the Flag Day of the Armed Forces to pay tribute and commend the soldiers for their efforts to safeguard national honour.
♦ The main purpose of the armed forces flag day is to collect funds from the people through the sale of batches, stickers and other items to improve the staff of the armed forces. On August 28, 1949, the Ministry of Defence decided to celebrate this day to commemorate soldiers, sailors and pilots.
♦ The armed forces flag day celebration aims to pay tribute to the heroic and difficult soldiers and to reshape the harmony of citizens. The focus of the annual celebration is to provide rehabilitation services for war victims, relocate and restore the health of former soldiers. Therefore, the celebration of Flag Day of the Armed Forces strengthened the cultural ties between Indians and members of the armed forces.
♦ To commemorate the sacrifices by the army, air force and navy personnel to the country, the Indian Armed Forces Flag Day is celebrated annually. The purpose of this event is to actively participate and provide support to the public across the country for the following purposes:
- Provide rehabilitation services to the families of war victims.
- Take action for the welfare of employees and their families.
- Assist in the placement and welfare of former soldiers and their families.
♦ In celebrating the event, the public and volunteers collected donations by selling coupon signs, stickers and other items across India. This helps to increase the amount of money raised by ordinary people in a variety of ways. These funds are used for the welfare of the Indian armed forces.
♦ Indian military personnel distribute Indian tricolour flags or vehicle flags across the country (red, dark blue, and light blue indicate the three divisions of the Indian Army). The brave and enterprising militants showed the civilians how they faced encounters and sacrificed their lives in order to preserve and protect the life of the country.
♦ The collection of funds is managed by the local agency of the Kendriya Sainik Committee under the Indian Ministry of Defence. It is controlled by the management committee and supervised by official and unofficial voluntary organizations.
46 days ago
Every December 7th is International Civil Aviation Day to raise awareness of the importance of the role of the International Civil Aviation Organization (IACO) in air transport. The International Civil Aviation Organization is the United Nations agency responsible for international standards for aviation safety. This day is marked as a global anniversary, not a public holiday.
♦ On December 7, 1994, the IACO (International Civil Aviation Organization) signed the 50th anniversary of the International Civil Aviation Convention, celebrating the first International Civil Aviation Day.
♦ The United Nations (UN) and countries around the world have adopted the "Agenda 2030", focusing on global sustainable development.
♦ The ICAO Council establishes a special anniversary theme for International Civil Aviation Day every five years. Throughout the four-year intervention period, the council will choose a theme.
♦ From the year 2015 to 2018, the theme of International Civil Aviation Day is "Working together to ensure that no other country is left behind."
♦ From now to 2023, the Security Council has decided to set the theme as: "Advancing Innovation for Global Aviation Development".
♦ In 1996, the UNGA (United Nations General Assembly) passed General Assembly Resolution A29-1 and declared that this day will be International Civil Aviation Day.
International Civil Aviation Organization – ICAO:
ICAO is a United Nations agency that supports the development of international aviation safety standards that is established on December 7, 1944, in order to ensure the consistency of international cooperation and civil aviation affairs. In the same year, the "International Services Transit Agreement" and the "International Air Service Agreement" were also signed. In 1994, ICAO launched International Civil Aviation Day to commemorate its 50th anniversary. This is done to arouse and utilize the global awareness of the value of international civil aviation in the social & economic development of countries.The IACO-International Civil Aviation Organization is a United Nations agency that operates in conjunction with other United Nations member states.
48 days ago
Each and Every year 5th December is celebrated as World Soil Day. The theme for World Soil Day 2020 is "Keep soil alive, protect soil biodiversity".
♦ It aims to respond to the increasingly severe challenges of soil management, address the loss of soil biodiversity, increase soil awareness and encourage governments, organizations, communities and individuals around the world to make commitments to improve the importance of maintaining healthy ecosystems and human well-being Sexual awareness. Actively improve soil health.
♦ World Soil Day also highlighted the growing problem due to population expansion. Therefore, it is necessary to take measures to reduce soil erosion and maintain fertility to ensure food safety.
♦ The International Union of Soil Science (IUSS) recommended an international celebration of Soil Day in 2002.
♦ In addition, FAO supports the official establishment of World Soil Day as a global awareness-raising platform under the Kingdom of Thailand and within the framework of the Global Soil Partnership.
48 days ago
Every year, December 5 is celebrated as International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development.
♦ International Volunteer Day (IVD) for Economic and Social Development is also commonly referred to as International Volunteer Day (IVD)
♦ International Volunteer Day gives individual volunteers, communities and organizations the opportunity to promote their contribution to development at the local and national and also at international levels.
♦ International Volunteer Day (IVD) is a unique opportunity for individuals and participating in voluntary organizations to collaborate with government agencies, non-profit organizations, community groups, academia and the private sector.
♦ The United Nations General Assembly - UNGA passed a resolution on December 17, 1985, passing the International Volunteer Day (IVD) for Economic and Social Development.
♦ In 2012, in response to the ever-evolving experience and suggestions, the UN Volunteers (Volunteers) Program took the lead in implementing a "five-year International Volunteer Day Strategy" with a view to making it globally recognized and owned by grassroots organizations.
♦ In the past six years, IVD has been celebrated in more than 80 countries/regions every year.
♦ IVD website receives about 50,000 web page views each year, among which about 150 stories are posted. These stories highlight more than 50,000 volunteers around the world, photos and videos of the celebration
48 days ago
The 63rd Founding Day celebrations of Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI) were observed on December 04, 2020.
Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI):
♦ For more than 60 years, DRI has established branches in India and abroad.
♦ Its mission is to combat organised criminal groups engaged in smuggling of contraband goods such as weapons, ammunition and explosives, narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, gold and diamonds, counterfeit currency notes, wildlife items, hazardous & environmentally sensitive materials and antiques.
♦ DRI also has expertise in uncovering commercial fraud, plugging the leakage of government tax revenues and combating trade-based money laundering and black money.
♦ DRI has also been at the forefront of international customs cooperation and has signed the "Customs Mutual Assistance Agreement" with more than 60 other countries. The agreement focuses on information exchange and learning from the best practices of other customs administrations.
48 days ago
Every December 4th is International Bank Day to recognize the important role of the banking system in improving living standards. It also recognizes the great potential of multilateral development banks and other international development banks in financing sustainable development and providing expertise.
♦ On December 19, 2019, the UNGA - United Nations General Assembly passed Resolution 74/245, designating December 4 as International Banking Day.
♦ The resolution stated that the banking system plays a vital role in improving living standards.
♦ This day is celebrated to celebrate the enormous potential of multilateral development banks and other international development banks in funding and providing knowledge for sustainable development.
49 days ago
Indian Navy Day is observed on December 4th every year to commemorate the "Trident" operation. The Navy also organized a moderation retreat ceremony at the Gateway of India in Mumbai on the eve of Naval Memorial Day.
♦ Indian Navy's supreme commander by the President of India. The motto of the Indian Navy is-Sam no Varunah (Sam no Varunah), which means Varuna, the god of water, should be auspicious to us.
♦ Some of the earliest actions of the Indian Navy included its contribution to the liberation of Goa from Portugal in 1961.
♦ With the manufacture of nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine INS Arihant and several other ships, the Navy has developed into an admirable force.
♦ The Indian Navy currently owns an aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya, a former Russian ship that entered service in 2013. It operates three types of submarines: Chakra (the nuclear-powered INS Chakra), Sindgerhosh and Shishumar.
♦ The Marine Commando or MARCOS is a special force of the Indian Navy. It is well-trained and can conduct amphibious operations, counter-terrorism, special reconnaissance, hostage rescue and asymmetric operations.
♦ They were the first to respond to the 26/11 Mumbai terrorist attacks.
50 days ago
Every December 3rd, the United Nations celebrates other International Day of Persons with Disabilities around the world. Celebrate this day this year with the following theme: “Building Back Better: Towards a disability-inclusive accessible and sustainable post-COVID-19 World”.
♦ International Day of Persons with Disabilities was 1st announced by the United Nations General Assembly in 1992.
♦ Its purpose is to promote the well-being and rights of persons with disabilities, and to increase their awareness of social, political, economic and social conditions and also cultural life.
♦ There are above one billion disabled people in the world. 80% of them live in developing countries. Among the disabled in the world, 46% are over 60 years old. People with disabilities are among the hardest hit by COVID-19.
♦ The Resolution "Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities" was passed in 2006. The other main frameworks of the United Nations with a disability as a major component are as follows
- 2030 Sustainable Development Goals Agenda
- New urban agenda
- Addis Ababa Development Finance Action Agenda
- Charter for the Participation of Disabled People in Humanitarian Action
- Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.
♦ The United Nations Disability Integration Strategy aims to support the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, the Sustainable Development Goals, the Human Agenda and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. It was launched in June 2019.
50 days ago
The 58th Statehood Day of Nagaland was observed on December 01, 2020. Nagaland designated the 16th state of India on 1 December 1963.
♦ Nagaland became the 16th state of India on December 01, 1963. Soon after independence, 571 Princely States were reorganized and merged into 27 states.
♦ This reorganization is based on political and historical considerations.
♦ Later, the State Reorganization Commission, established in 1953, issued a report in 1955, reorganizing the states into 16 states and 3 federal territories.
♦ According to the Reorganization Act passed in November 1956, the government divided the country into 14 states and 6 union territories
♦ Andhra Pradesh is the first independent Indian state established on the basis of linguistics. It was established on October 1, 1953.
51 days ago
December 2 is designated as "National Pollution Control Day" annually in the view of commemorating the people those their lives in the unfortunate Bhopal gas tragedy that occurred on this day in 1984.
♦ The three main goals of National Pollution Control Day:
- Raise people’s awareness of increasing air pollution and educate people on how to control and manage industrial disasters.
- Make everyone aware of the importance of pollution control behaviours and methods, and reduce pollution levels
- Control/prevent industrial pollution caused by human negligence.
♦ This day shows how serious air pollution is. According to the National Health Portal (NHPI) of India, about 7 million people die from air pollution every year worldwide.
♦ NHPI also pointed out that the situation is so bad that 9 out of 10 people in the world cannot get safe air. Air pollution is the cause of the destruction of the ozone layer.
♦ Pollutants in the air may pass through protective barriers in the body and may damage your lungs, brain and heart.
Bhopal Gas Tragedy:
Last year (2019) marks the 35th anniversary of the Bhopal gas tragedy, at midnight on December 2, 1984, which claimed thousands of lives. The Bhopal gas tragedy occurred after the highly toxic methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas entered and approached the area near the alliance, Bhopal's Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide plant was considered the world's worst industrial disaster. According to official data, the incident claimed the lives of 2,259 people immediately after the incident, but the Madhya Pradesh government has confirmed that a total of 3787 people died from the gas release. The National Pollution Control Board (NPCB) is the national governing body responsible for administering industry conduct inspections to understand whether they comply with environmental regulations.
51 days ago
Every year December 2 is regarded as the International Day for the Abolition of Slavery worldwide. The annual event was organized by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) and was first celebrated in 1986.
♦ The focus of the day is to eliminate contemporary forms of slavery, such as the worst forms of child labour, human trafficking, forced marriage, forced recruitment of children for armed conflict and sexual exploitation.
♦ On December 2, 1949, the UNGA - United Nations General Assembly approved the "Convention for the Suppression of Trafficking in Persons and Exploitation of Prostitution."
♦ On December 18, 2002, the United Nations General Assembly declared 2004 as the "International Year for Commemorating the Opposition and Abolition of Slavery" in its resolution 57/195 of 2002.
♦ In November 2016, the International Labor Organization (ILO) passed a new legally binding protocol aimed at strengthening global efforts to eliminate forced labour, which has come into effect.
♦ In addition, the ILO has launched 50 freedom campaigns with the aim of persuading about 50 countries to ratify the Forced Labor Protocol by the end of 2019.
The main forms of modern slavery:
- Forced labour
- child labour
52 days ago
Every December 1st is World AIDS Day. People have been celebrating this day since 1988. Celebrating this day is to raise people’s awareness of preventing HIV infection. The November last week of is celebrated as AIDS Awareness Week annually. The first AIDS Awareness Week was held in San Francisco in 1984.
♦ This year, World AIDS Day is celebrated with the following theme "Global Solidarity and Shared Responsibility".
♦ According to statistics from the NACO - National AIDS Control Organization, as of 2017, about 2.14 million people in India have AIDS.
♦ As of 2018, India is the world's third-largest place of residence for AIDS patients after South Africa and Nigeria. The HIV infection rate in India is lower than in many other countries.
♦ In 2016, the prevalence of AIDS in India was 0.3%. This is the 80th highest in the world. India is fighting the disease through antiretroviral drugs and educational programs.
National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO):
National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) was established in 1992 under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. It is in a leading position in controlling AIDS. It works with the National Institute of Medical Statistics and the Medical Research Council of India to estimate disease every two years. India’s first such estimate was completed in 1998, and the last was done in 2017. NACO has increased the number of centers that provide free antiretroviral treatment from 54 to 91. Due to COVID-19, the number of AIDS patients in the country has greatly increased in 2020. Due to the COVID-19 crisis, the country’s government plan to reduce AIDS has ceased.
52 days ago
Guru Nanak Jayanti is a festival of the Sikh community. It is held to commemorate the birth of Guru Nanak Dev. He is believed to be born in Poornima (full moon) in Kartika (the 8th month of the Indian calendar), November 30, 2020.
Guru Nanak Dev:
Guru Nanak Dev was born in Talwandi Rai Bhoe village near Lahore in 1459 and later changed his name to Nankana Sahib. He is the first of the ten masters of Sikhism. Beginning in the 16th century, inter-faith dialogues began, and he conducted dialogues with most religious sects at the time. He Wrote the works in "Adi Glens" compiled by Guru Ariyan (1563-1606), the fifth Sikh master. He died in 1539 at Kartarpur, Punjab.
Contributions of Guru Nanak Dev:
- After the 10th Sikh master Gobind Singh (1666-1708) made additions, it was called Gran Granth Sahib.
- The "Nirguna" (dedication and worship of the invisible God) form of bhakti is promoted.
- Rejected sacrifices, ritual baptisms, image worship, austerity policies.
- Establish rules for congregation worship (Sangat) involving collective recitation.
- Communicate the basic slogan of "Ek Onkar" to his followers and insist on treating all people equally without discrimination based on caste, creed and gender.
The meaning of Gan Nanak experts to modern India:
Building an equal society: His idea of equality can be inferred from the following innovative social systems he endowed:
- Langar: Group cooking and food sharing.
- Pangat: Eat food regardless of caste.
- Sangat: Collective decision-making.
Social Harmony: According to him, the entire world is created by God, and all people are equal. There is only one creator in the world, namely "Ek Onkar Satnam". Besides, forgiveness, patience, patience and kindness are the core of his teaching.
Build a just society: He defined the motto of "Work, Worship and Share" as "Kirat Kahlo, Nam Japo and Van Chaco". He advocated that karma is the foundation of Buddhism. He transformed idealism into an ideology of social responsibility and social change. He advocated the concept of "Dasswand", or donated one-tenth of his income to people in need.
Gender equality: According to him, “both men and women enjoy God’s grace and bear the same responsibility for their actions towards him.” Respect for women and gender equality may be the most important life lessons.
Bring peace: According to Indian philosophy, a guru is a person who provides lighting, dispels doubts and shows the right path. In this case, the ideas of Nanak Development Master can help promote global peace, equality and prosperity.
In 2019, the 550th anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev's birth, the opening of the Kartarpur corridor was an important step to ease the tension between India and Pakistan.
53 days ago
In India, Every year 27th November is observed as ‘National Organ Donation Day’. In order to raise awareness of organ donation, the Indian government commemorates this day every year.
♦ In India, organ donation has been low. It is estimated that the country has only 0.65 donations per million people, compared with 35 donations in Spain and 26 donations in the United States.
♦ The pandemic and lockdown have adversely affected India’s organ donation.
♦ However, even before the pandemic, organ donations in India have been very low.
♦ According to data released by the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) in 2019, 150,000 to 200,000 people need a kidney transplant each year, but only about 8,000 (4%) patients have received a kidney transplant.
♦ Similarly, nearly 80,000 patients require liver transplantation each year, but only 1,800 of them have undergone liver transplantation. Approximately 100,000 patients need corneal or eye transplants each year, but less than half of them manage to obtain them.
♦ Even for heart disease patients, of the 10,000 patients who need a heart transplant, only about 200 are matched with viable donors.
♦ The main reason for the shortage is the lack of understanding of the donation process.
♦ Some myths related to organ donation also hinder India’s progress, while worrying about disfigurement, refusal to accept brain death, religious beliefs, and migrant workers without the consent of relatives on the scene.
♦ Those who wish to become organ donors need to register on online portals such as National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (NOTTO), Regional Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization (ROTTO) or Organ Search Bank Organization (ORBO).
♦ Family members of the deceased can also agree to donate organs.
♦ According to the 2019 report, only 3% of the population in 12 cities across the country registered for organ donation.
53 days ago
Every November 30th, the Remembrance Day for all victims of chemical warfare is commemorated to pay tribute to the victims of chemical warfare.
♦ The Remembrance Day for all victims of chemical warfare aims to eliminate the threat of chemical weapons, thereby promoting the goals of peace, security and multilateralism. The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons announced this day.
♦ Since 2005, the United Nations has held a remembrance day on November 30 every year to commemorate all victims of chemical warfare.
♦ The anniversary is a tribute to the victims of chemical warfare and reaffirms the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) to eliminate the threat of chemical weapons and thereby promote the goals of peace, security and multilateralism.
♦ The history of serious efforts to achieve chemical disarmament that reached the highest level by concluding the Chemical Weapons Convention began more than a century ago.
♦ During the First World War, the large-scale use of chemical weapons caused more than 100,000 lives and 1 million casualties.