1 day ago
Indian states namely Manipur, Meghalaya, and Tripura celebrated their Statehood Day on 21 January. On 21 January 1972, all three states became full-fledged states under the North Eastern Region (Reorganisation) Act, 1971.
♦ Governor: Ramesh Bais
♦ Chief Minister: Biplab Kumar Deb
♦ Capital: Agartala
♦ Literacy: 87.75%
♦ The state borders by:
Bangladesh to the north, south, and west
Assam and Mizoram to the east
♦ Tripura is the third smallest state in India.
♦ Governor: Tathagata Roy
♦ Chief Minister: Conrad Sangma
♦ Capital: Shillong
♦ Literacy: 75.84%
♦ The state borders by:
Assam to its north
Bangladesh to its south
♦ Earlier, Meghalaya was the part of Assam. The districts of Garo, Khasi, and Jantia hills became the new state of Meghalaya on 21 January 1972.
♦ Governor: Najma Heptulla
♦ Chief Minister: N. Biren Singh
♦ Capital: Imphal
♦ Literacy: 79.85%
The state borders by:
Nagaland to the north
Assam to the west
Mizoram to the southwest
Myanmar to the south and east
6 days ago
The India Meteorological Department (IMD) celebrated its 145th Foundation Day on 15 January 2020. The day was celebrated by the Ministry of Earth Science.
Established on: 1875
Headquarters: New Delhi
Ministers responsible: Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Earth Sciences
Director-General: Dr. Mrutyunjay Mohapatra
IMD functions under the Ministry of Earth Sciences. IMD has marched forward with various milestones and paradigms to serve society.
IMD's initiatives and achievements:
♦ Five observatories of IMD namely Nungambakkam in Chennai, Colaba in Mumbai, Panjim, Pune, and Thiruvananthapuram has been recognized as long-term observing station for more than 100 years by WMO.
♦ 27 Doppler Weather Radars are operational in India
♦ 13 Radiosonde/Radio Wind stations were commissioned in 2019
♦ Monthly Meteorological Register (MMR) - Online was made operational at all surface observatories with effect from 1 October 2019.
♦ Three transmissometer 'RVR - Drishti System' was installed at Kochi, Thiruvananthapuram, and Bhubaneswar
♦ Agromet Observatories have been installed at Five AMFUs in Roorkee, Bhubaneswar, G. Udaigiri, Pusa and Agwanpur
♦ IMD in collaboration with the National Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF) and Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IITM) implemented Thunderstorm and Lightning Modelling and Warning System.
♦ Regional WRF mesoscale model upgraded from 9 km to 3 km resolution.
♦ IMD launched its new website www.mausam.imd.gov.in for the general public and Mobile App MEGHDOOT for Agromet Advisory Services.
♦ The new website of Air Quality Early Warning System for Delhi has been launched during 2019.
♦ IMD has also won many appreciations and awards since its establishment.
8 days ago
Army Day is observed on 15 January every year. India celebrates 72nd Army Day on 15 January 2020. The special event was organized on this day in the national capital, Delhi. Army Command headquarters in the national capital, as well as in other parts of the country, celebrate the occasion by organizing military parades and other shows of strength.
The Indian army was officially established on 1 April 1895. But, only in 1949, after independence, the Army got its first chief. On 15 January, command of the Indian Army was handed over from General Sir Francis Butcher to Lieutenant General KM Cariappa. The transfer of power from the British to India signifies an important moment in Indian history.
Note: Indian army has 1.4 million active military personnel. China has the largest army in the world. When it comes to being powerful, India stands fourth behind the US, China, and Russia.
8 days ago
The 4th Armed Forces Veterans Day is observed on 14 January every year. The day is observed as a mark of respect and recognition of the services rendered by Filed Marshal KM Cariappa OBE. The day acknowledges and honours the selfless devotion and sacrifice of the veterans in the service of the nation.
♦ The 4th Armed Forces Veterans Day will be celebrated in Delhi. The day will commence with a homage ceremony at the National War Memorial. Wreaths will be laid by Chief of Integrated Defence Staff to the Chairman, Chiefs of Staff Committee (CISC), serving three-star officers and veteran officers and Junior Commissioned Officers (JCO) from all three services.
♦ Admiral Karambir Singh, Chief of the Naval Staff will be the Chief Guest at the occasion which will be held at Manekshaw Centre, Delhi Cantt.
♦ Approximately 2000 veterans participated in the celebrations.
♦ Armed Forces Veterans day is also celebrated at seven other Command Headquarters of Army, Navy, and IAF.
♦ Defence Minister Rajnath Singh will preside over the event at Jaipur and Minister of State for Defence Shripad Naik at Mumbai.
♦ The Armed Forces Veterans Day is observed each year on 14 January since 2017.
♦ Marshal KM Cariappa OBE is the first Indian Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces who retired on 14 January 1953.
10 days ago
Lohri day is celebrated on 13 January every year in India. Lohri is termed as the festival of farmers in Northern India. It is observed a night before Makar Sankranti.
♦ The harvest festival is majorly celebrated in the North of India.
♦ During the festival, the people offer prayers to the Sun God, Mother Earth, the fire and the fields for prosperity, health, and a good harvest.
♦ They offer peanuts, gur ki Rewari, and makhana to the bonfire
♦ People dance while singing popular folk songs.
The origin of Lohri can be traced back to the Indus Valley civilization. According to the Hindu solar calendar, Lohri falls in the Paush month, which is around 13 January. The earth is closest to the sun at this point in time. The festival marks the receding winters and the beginning of a new harvest season. Lohri marks the new harvest season.
The festival is known by different names in different parts of India. In Bengal, people celebrate it as Makar Sankranti, in Assam, it is called Bihu, in Tamil Nadu, it is known as Pongal, and in Kerala, it is referred to as Pongala.
11 days ago
National Youth Day or Yuva Diwas is observed on 12 January across India. The day is celebrated every year to commemorate the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda. It aims to create awareness and to provide knowledge to the youth about the rights in India.
The main aim of the celebration of the Youth day is to propagate the philosophy and the ideals of Swami Vivekananda for which he lived and worked.
The theme of the National Youth Day 2020 is "Channelizing Youth Power for Nation Building". It aims to inspire the youth generations and to educate them to behave properly in society.
On this day, several functions are organized in schools, colleges, institutions. The day is celebrated by performing the parade, recitations, songs, speech on Swami Vivekananda, conventions, essay-writing competition, seminar, etc.
The Indian Government first declared to celebrate the birthday of Swami Vivekananda as National Youth Day in 1984. Since then from 12 January 1985, it is celebrated as National Youth Day all over the country. The government aims to make a better future of India by motivating the youth of the nation through the way of their life and ideas of the Swami Vivekananda.
Narendra Nath Datta, famously known as Swami Vivekananda, was born on 12 January 1863. He was a philosopher, social reformer, and thinker. He represented India in the first Parliament of Religion held in Chicago in 1893. He established the Ramakrishna Mission in 1897. He urged the youth to have the dedication to the cause to attain success. He said that pursuing a challenge with utmost dedication is really the road to success for the youth. He died on 4 July 1902.
13 days ago
World Hindi Day is observed on 10 January 2020. It is observed every year. The day ensures to promote the Hindi language around the world. World Hindi Day is different from National Hindi Day.
The day aims to create a suitable environment to promote Hindi worldwide and to present Hindi as the prevalent language of the world.
♦ On this day, Indian Foreign Ministries located abroad organizes various programs.
♦ People of Indian origin living abroad organize various programs and celebrate the day.
♦ Unique programs for Hindi on various subjects are organized in all government offices.
World Hindi Day-History:
♦ The first World Hindi Conference was held on 10 January 1975. It was inaugurated by the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
♦ World Hindi Conferences have been organized in various countries like India, Mauritius, United Kingdom, Trinidad and Tobago, United States.
♦ On 10 January 2006, the Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh declared the day should be celebrated as World Hindi Day every year. It is celebrated every year since then.
♦ The word Hindi is believed to be transformed from the Sanskrit word Sindhu.
♦ Hindi is spoken by about 43 crore people in the world.
♦ It is the fifth most spoken language among the total languages spoken in the world.
♦ The Hindi language is spoken in many countries including Bangladesh, Mauritius, Pakistan, Nepal, Germany, New Zealand, Guyana, United Arab Emirates, Uganda, Suriname, Trinidad, USA, UK, and South Africa.
Note: World Hindi Day is different from National Hindi Day. National Hindi Day is observed on 14 September every year.
14 days ago
The 16th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD) is observed on 9 January 2020. The day is celebrated to recognize the overseas Indians who have contributed to the development of India.
Reason for celebrating the day on 9 January:
January 9 was chosen for the celebration of the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas because on this day in 1915, Mahatma Gandhi, the greatest Pravasi, returned to India from South Africa and led India's freedom struggle.
♦ Pravasi Bharatiya Divas conventions are being held every year since 2003. The conventions aim to provide a platform to the Non-resident Indians (NRIs) community to engage with the Indian government and its people of the land for mutually beneficial activities.
♦ It also acts as a network among the NRI community residing in various parts of the world.
♦ The convention enables them to share their experiences in various fields.
Pravasi Bharatiya Divas:
The day was first observed in 2003. The day is celebrated in many places in India. The day was observed by the Indian government in Singapore in 2018.
On this day Pravasi Bharatiya Samman (PBSA) is conferred every year. The award is conferred by the President of India. The PBSA award recognizes the significant contributions made by the Non-resident Indian and person of Indian origin (PIO), and organizations that are established by NRIs or PIOs to support, promote and build India's links across the globe.
15 days ago
The World Day of War Orphans was celebrated on 6 January 2020. The day is observed every year. The day enables the global Communities to recognize the plight of a, particularly vulnerable group.
The day aims to address the war orphans as it has become a growing worldwide humanitarian and social crisis. The day ensures to voice out the predicament of war orphans. It highlights that children growing up in orphanage experience emotional, social and physical handicaps.
The World Day of War Orphans was initiated by the French organization, SOS Enfants en Detresses. UNICEF estimated that there are nearly 9,00,000 children in the Northeast, all of whom have been seriously affected by the war, either through a lack of education, food, shelter or a direct injury.
In the developed countries orphans are relatively less in number but in countries that have been and are subjected to wars and great epidemics such as AIDS, there are significant numbers of orphans. An estimate said that World War II created millions of orphans in Europe, with 300,000 orphans in Poland and 200,000 in Yugoslavia alone. The children are most often neglected. The day aims to remember these children and reminds the responsibility to work hard to diminish the shadow of war so that no one would be an orphan within the motherland.
15 days ago
Journalists' Day was celebrated on 6 January 2020. The day is observed every year in Maharashtra. The day is observed in the memory of late thespian journalist Balshashtri Jambhekar.
Balshastri Jambhekar is also known as The Father of Marathi Journalism. He was born on 6 January 1812 in Pombhurle in Devgad taluka in the Konkan region of Maharashtra. He is recognized for his efforts in starting journalism in the Marathi language. He dealt with the issues of widow re-marriage in his newspaper. He fought to develop a scientific set of minds in the masses of uneducated India. The first newspaper in the Marathi language named Darpan was published on 6 January 1832. The release date also marks his birth anniversary. He was the editor of Darpan during British Rule in India. He died on 18 May 1846.
15 days ago
The Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) has announced that it is to observe 2020 as the Year of mobility. This year will have a special focus on the creation of more residential units and the implementation of various welfare measures for the troops.
The observation of the year was announced by the CISF Director General (DG) Rajesh Ranjan on the occasion of the new year. The observation will take all measures for the welfare of troops and their families. CISF in 2020 will focus to create infrastructure and logistics like housing, acquire new land and procuring modern equipment, train with a focus on physical fitness and sports and leverage modern gadgetry and technology on duty.
Central Industrial Security Force (CISF):
CISF came into existence on 10 March 1969. It is a Central Armed Police Force (CAPF) in India. It has a strength of around 2,800 personnel. It functions under the Ministry of Home Affairs. It is headquartered in New Delhi, India. Union Home Minister Amit Shah is the Minister in charge of the force. The Director-General of CISF is Rajesh Ranjan, IPS.
CISF is mandated as the primary civil airport guarding force of the country. It protects the country from some vital installations in the aerospace, nuclear, government and private sectors. It also plays a major role in Disaster Management.
19 days ago
World Braille Day observed on January 4th. The day is marked remembering the birth anniversary of Louis Braille, the inventor of Braille for people with visual disabilities.
History of the Day
Louis Braille was born on 4th January 1809 in the town of Coupvray in northern France. The invention of the language of 6 dots is popularly known as Braille. The 17 years long tradition prepared in Braille Script with a special typewriter. This initiative aims to spread awareness among society about the plight and cause of people with visual disabilities.
31 days ago
National Farmers Day or Kisan Diwas observed every year in India on the 23rd of December. 23rd December chosen to honor the birth anniversary. The birth anniversary of the fifth Prime Minister of India, Choudhary Charan Singh. He played a pivotal role in the Agricultural Sector of India by drafting and enacting various bills for farmer’s reforms. He introduced many policies to improve the lives of Indian farmers.
To promote awareness among the citizens to understand the importance of the contributions of the farmers to the society. The backbone for India’s economic development, as more than 40% of the total employment in India, is employed in the Agricultural sector.
32 days ago
National Mathematics Day is observed on 22 December every year to mark the birth anniversary of legendary Indian mathematician, Srinivasa Ramanujan and his contributions in the field of mathematics. The 125th birth anniversary of the great mathematician Srinivasa Iyengar Ramanujan declared as National Mathematics Day.
History of the Day
The former Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh, paid tribute to Srinivasa Ramanujan at a function organized on the occasion of the 125th birth anniversary of the great mathematician Srinivasa Iyengar Ramanujan in Chennai. National Mathematics Day celebrated across the country for the first time.
Importance of the Day
To raise awareness among people about the importance of mathematics for the development of humanity. The training provided to the mathematics teachers and students through camps. The main is to highlight the development, production, and dissemination of teaching-learning materials (TLM) for Mathematics and research in related areas.
NASI (The National Academy of Science India) is the oldest academy situated in Allahabad.They planned to conduct workshop in applications of Mathematics and Ramanujan. The workshop is attended by popular lecturers and experts in the field of mathematics from across the nation. The theme of the workshop will be
Indian Contribution during Vedic Period
Indian Contribution during Classical period
Indian Contribution during the medieval period.
34 days ago
International Human Solidarity Day is observed on 20 December. The day celebrates unity in diversity. The day reminds the governments to respect their commitments to international agreements. It also encourages new initiatives for poverty eradication.
The Day aims to raise public awareness of the importance of solidarity. It encourages debate on the ways to promote solidarity for the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) including poverty eradication.
On 22 December 2005, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) identified solidarity as one of the fundamental and universal values and designated 20 December of each year as International Human Solidarity Day.
On 20 December 2002, the UNGA established the World Solidarity Fund. It was set up in February 2003 as a trust fund of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The fund aimed to eradicate poverty and promote human and social development in developing countries.
36 days ago
World Arabic Language Day is observed on 18 December every year. The day aims to celebrate the multilingualism and cultural diversity of the United Nations. The celebration of the day is held at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris, France.
The theme of the 2019 World Arabic Language Day is Arabic Language and Artificial Intelligence (AI). AI is also a formidable source of opportunities and promise. The theme focuses on the development of instantaneous translation tools, through AI, which could facilitate dialogue between peoples and cultures. AI can promote the development of the Arabic language as it facilitates the learning of several languages.
♦ On this day, Several round table discussions are held to discuss the role of AI to promote and preserve the Arabic language
♦ Discussion on issues related to the computerization of the Arabic language was held
♦ The celebrations were organized in cooperation with the Permanent Delegation of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and the Sultan Bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud Foundation.
Arabic language is widely spoken in the world. The language acts as a pillar of the cultural diversity of humanity. It is used daily by more than 290 million people. The day is celebrated since 2012.
The date coincides with the day in 1973 when the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted Arabic as the 6th official language of the Organization.
36 days ago
International Migrants Day is observed on 18 December. The day aims to educate people that treating every migrant with dignity is one of the fundamental requirements.
The day aims to raise awareness about the challenges and difficulties that are faced by international migrants.
The focus on the stories of social cohesion and the uniqueness of the 272 million migrants who are living new lives and building new communities in every corner of the globe. The International Organization for Migration appreciates the migrants and the communities. It has created challenges and opportunities for societies throughout the world.
A person who moves from one place to another, especially in order to find work or better living conditions is called Migrants. The total number of international migrants increased to 244 million persons in 2015 from an estimated 175 million in the year 2000.
On 18 December 1990, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families. On 4 December 2000, the UNGA recognized the increasing number of migrants in the world and designated 18 December as International Migrants Day.
In September 2016, the UNGA hosted a high-level summit to address large movements of refugees and migrants. The summit aimed to bring countries together behind a more humane and coordinated approach.
36 days ago
Minorities Rights Day is observed on 18 December in India. The day aims to remind about the rights of minorities and to educate people about it. It focuses on the religious harmony, respect, and better understanding of all minorities' communities in India.
The aim of the day is to advance and protect the privileges of the individuals to have a place with linguistic, religion, castes and color minority.
The Minorities Rights Day is celebrated by the National Commission for Minorities (NCM). On 18 December 1992, the United Nations adopted the Statement on the individual's Rights belonging to religious or Linguistic National or Ethnic Minorities. It highlighted religious linguistic, cultural, and national identity of the minorities that shall be respected, preserved, and protected by the states and within individual territories.
Ministry of Minority Affairs:
The Ministry was established on 29 January 2006. It was carved out of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. The Minister responsible is Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi.
The Constitutional and Statutory Bodies that are set up by the govt. of India are Central Wakf Council (CWC), National Commission for Minorities (NCM), Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities (CLM).
National Commission for Minorities (NCM):
Government has set up the NCM under the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992. Six religious communities of India namely Muslims, Christians, Buddhists, Parsis and Jains have been notified as minority communities in India.
Indian Constitution has used the word Minorities considering religion and language of a person.
37 days ago
Bangladesh celebrated its 49th Victory Day on 16 December 2019. The event marks the day when Bangladesh attained liberation from Pakistan and became an independent nation in 1971. It became a nation under the leadership of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
♦ On this day, President of Bangladesh Abdul Hamid and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina paid tributes to the martyrs of the Liberation War and placed wreaths at the National Mausoleum in Savar.
♦ A Victory Day Parade by the armed forces of Bangladesh was held.
♦ For the first time, a 30-member Indian Army band participated in Victory Day Parade in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
On 16 December 1971, the commander of the Pakistani forces in Bangladesh, General AAK Niazi along with more than 90,000 soldiers surrendered before the Indian Army and Mukti Bahini in Dhaka. The victory over the Pakistan army was achieved after the Liberation War carried by the people of Bangladesh and supported by the Indian Armed Forces. During the war, nearly 3 million people in Bangladesh and nearly 2,000 Indian soldiers lost their lives.
38 days ago
Vijay Diwas is celebrated on 16 December every year. The day aims to commemorate the victory of India over Pakistan in 1971. The day also a remembrance of the brave soldiers of India and Mukti Joddhas who sacrificed their lives for a noble cause.
Celebrations and events:
♦ To mark the day, a wreath-laying ceremony was held at Vijay Smarak at Fort William the Head Quarters of Eastern Command in Kolkata, West Bengal.
♦ A 3-day event was organized in Kolkata from 14-16 December.
♦ A delegation of Mukti Joddhas from Bangladesh and Indian war veterans are taking part in the celebrations.
♦ Vijay Diwas is a day for Remembrance of the brave soldiers and Mukti Joddhas who sacrificed their lives for a noble cause and also a day for taking pledged to save our homeland from any possible attack of external enemies.
On 16 December 1971, the chief of the Pakistani forces, General AA Khan Niazi, along with 93 thousand troops, surrendered to the allied forces consisting of the Indian Army and Mukti Bahini. The war culminated with the subsequent secession of East Pakistan into Bangladesh.
40 days ago
World Energy Conservation Day is observed on 14 December. The day aims to highlight the importance of energy consumption. This Day creates a sense of urgency on the issues involved.
The day aims to create awareness about the use, scarcity and the impact of energy conservation on the sustainability of global eco-systems. The day focuses on concentrating on significant issues that will be faced by mankind with respect to energy.
The day raises awareness regarding the need for energy conservation, energy efficiency and frugality in energy use. The most important known sources of energy are Coal, Petroleum, Products, Nuclear energy.
Conservation of energy means avoiding unnecessary use of energy and to use at least energy in order to save the energy sources for future uses. It is the duty of every individual to include energy conservation in their behaviour and to make energy conservation plan more effective.
National Energy Conservation Day:
In India, the National Energy Conservation Day is observed on 14 December every year. The day is organized by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), under the Ministry of Power. The day aims to showcase the achievements of the country in energy efficiency and conservation. National Energy Conservation Day celebrations are held in New Delhi.
National Energy Conservation Week:
BEE observed National Energy Conservation Week from 9 to 14 December 2019, in order to drive mass awareness about the importance of energy efficiency and conservation. National Energy Conservation Awards Programme was conferred to the winners by BEE on the day. The Ministry of Power (MoP) organized programmes to sensitize the school children towards Energy Efficiency and Energy.
40 days ago
President Ram Nath Kovind and the Union Ministers paid tribute to those who lost their lives in the 2001 Parliament attack. The day marks the 18th anniversary of the attack on Indian Parliament
2001 Parliament attack:
On 13 December 2001, five terrorists of the Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) and the Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) attacked the Parliament complex and opened fire killing nearly nine people and injuring 16 others.
The victims included a woman Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) trooper, 5 Delhi Police personnel, two Parliament ward staff and watch, and a gardener. A journalist who was injured died later. All five terrorists were shot dead. The attack increased tensions between India and Pakistan which resulted in the 2001-2002 India-Pakistan standoff.
42 days ago
International Universal Health Coverage Day is observed on 12 December every year. The day is observed globally to highlight the importance of Universal Health Coverage (UHC) for strong and resilient health systems. The day reminds that every person, despite who they are or where they live, should be able to get the quality health care they need without facing financial hardship.
The theme of the International Universal Health Coverage Day is to 'Keep the promise'. The theme reminds all the governments, leaders, and organizations to support and provide health investments. It ensures to provide strong, equitable health systems to the population of the world so that no one left behind and get health care facilities.
On 12 December 2012, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed the resolution on global health and accelerate the progress toward Universal Health Coverage (UHC). On 25 September 2015, the UNGA passed a resolution on Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and adopted the target of UHC by 2030. The target includes financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to effective, safe, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all.
UHC ensures people of all groups, religion, caste, etc. to get quality health services without any financial hardships. It includes quality treatment, health services, rehabilitation, from health promotion to prevention and palliative care.
42 days ago
International Day of Neutrality is observed on 12 December. The day aimed to promote the use of preventive diplomacy, which is the core objective of the UN. The UN conducts aimed to enhance public awareness of the value of neutrality in international relations.
International Day of Neutrality was officially declared by the UN General Assembly (UNGA) resolution adopted in February 2017. The day was first observed on 12 December 2017. The observance of the day shows that Neutrality is very important for the United Nations to gain the confidence and cooperation of all the member countries to operate independently and effectively.
Any sovereign state that restrains from all participation in a war between other states and maintains an attitude of impartiality toward the belligerents is referred as a neutral country. In their turn, the belligerents should recognize this abstention and impartiality.
43 days ago
International Mountain Day is observed on 11 December. The day aims to raise awareness about conserving the mountains. A report says that 15% of the world's population lives in the mountains. It is necessary to conserve the mountains. Mountain conservation is a crucial factor for sustainable development Goal 15 (SDG-15).
The theme of the 2019 International Mountain Day is Mountains Matter for Youth. The theme highlights the struggles faced by rural youth who lives in the mountains.
Migration from the mountains leads to land degradation, loss of ancient cultural traditions and mainly abandoned agriculture. The theme urges the youth to take the lead and demand that mountains and mountain peoples become central in the national and international development agendas.
The initiation of the day was from the document Managing Fragile Ecosystems: Sustainable Mountain Development, called Chapter 13. The day was adopted as a part of the action plan Agenda 21 of the Conference on Environment and Development in 1992.
The UN declared 2002 as the UN International Year of Mountains. The first international day was celebrated for the first time in 2003.
44 days ago
Human Rights Day is observed on 10 December every year. The day aims to recognize and empower human rights. The day includes social, economic, cultural rights and international commitments on civil and political rights.
The theme of the 2019 Human Rights Day is Youth Standing Up for Human Rights. The United Nations kept the theme with a belief that the participation of youth is an essential element to achieve sustainable development for everyone.
On 28 September 1993, Human rights law came into existence in India. The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) was constituted on 12 October 1993. NHRC, after its formation, made recommendations to the Government to protect the rights of ordinary citizens, children, women, elderly human rights, and people of the LGBT community in the country. The government implemented appropriate amendments in the Constitution, following several recommendations made by NHRC.
44 days ago
International Anti-Corruption Day is observed on 9 December. The day aims to raise awareness about corruption and the measures that can be taken to combat corruption.
The theme for the year 2019 is United Against Corruption. The theme was set by the UN to support the 2030 Agenda. UN conducts the #UnitedAgainstCorruption.
#UnitedAgainstCorruption: The campaign focuses on corruption as it is one of the biggest obstacles to achieve the SDG.
♦ Corruption is exercising the use of powers by government officials or their network contacts for illegitimate private gain. The form of corruption includes patronage, influence peddling, graft, bribery, nepotism, extortion, cronyism. Corruption can undermine social and economic development in all societies. Sadly, no country, region or community is immune from corruption.
♦ UN reported that every year $1 trillion is paid in bribes. It also estimated $2.6 trillion is stolen annually through corruption. The amount that is bribed in a year is the sum equivalent to more than 5% of the global Gross domestic product (GDP). The United Nations Development Programme report stated that in developing countries the funds that are lost to corruption are estimated at 10 times the amount of official development assistance.
On 31 October 2003, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted the United Nations Convention against Corruption. It passed a resolution and designated 9 December as International Anti-Corruption Day. The day was designated to raise awareness of corruption and of the role of the Convention in combating and preventing it. The Convention came into force in December 2005.
47 days ago
Armed Forces Flag Day is observed on 7 December. It is observed every year in India. The day is observed to honor the martyrs and the men of the Armed Forces who valiantly fought on the borders to safeguard India's honor.
♦ On this day, the three branches of the Armed Forces of India, the Indian Army, the Indian Air Force, and the Indian Navy, organized a variety of programmes to showcase their efforts towards national security.
♦ On this day, small flags are distributed to the general population and in return collect donations. The fund collected will be used for the welfare of serving personnel and ex-servicemen and also to rehabilitate battle causalities.
Small flags are distributed on the day in return for donations.
After Independence, the government set up a committee on 28 August 1949, to strengthen and manage the welfare of its defence personnel. The Day has been observed since 1949.
47 days ago
International Civil Aviation Day is observed on 7 December 2019. It is celebrated every year. The day aims to celebrate the unique role of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in helping States to cooperate and realize a truly global rapid transit network at the service of all mankind.
The Day aims to create awareness about the importance of international civil aviation to the social and economic development of States.
♦ In 1944, the observation of International Civil Aviation Day was proposed at the Chicago Convention. The International Civil Aviation Day was celebrated on 7 December 1994 for the first time as a part of the 50th anniversary of the signing of the Convention on International Civil Aviation by ICAO.
♦ In 1996, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted resolution A/RES/51/33 and declared the observance of the International Civil Aviation Day on 7 December.
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO):
ICAO was formed in 1944. It is headquartered in Montreal, Canada. It functions under the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations. The specialized agency manages the administration and governance of the Convention on International Civil Aviation or Chicago Convention.
47 days ago
The 2nd Nagaland Honey Bee Day was celebrated on 5 December 2019 at the Heritage, Old DC Bungalow, Kohima, Nagaland. It aims to give more effort to continue on mission for more production of honey and to make Nagaland a Honey destination.
Theme: The theme of the Honey Bee Day is Save Bee Save Life.
The program was organized by Nagaland Beekeeping and Honey Mission (NBHM) with support from North East Council (NEC).
♦ The Nagaland State Government declared 5 December as the Nagaland Honey Bee Day.
♦ On the program, the State Level and District level Best Beekeepers and Best Village Beekeeping committee were awarded a cash prize of Rs.10,000 and citations.
♦ A short documentary film was screened on rearing of stingless bees in Nagaland title My Bees are Stingless.
47 days ago
Civil Defence Day is celebrated on 6 December 2019 in India. Day is observed every year. The day aims to make aware of the citizens and highlight the importance of Civil Defence.
Civil Defence being a voluntary Organisation. It acts as a protector to the civilian population during the crisis. The Civil Defence and Home Guards are the twin Voluntary organizations for the cause of defence to the nation. These organizations are based on the concept of safety of the common man.
The Directorate General Fire Services, Civil Defence was established on 17th November 1962. It functions under the Ministry of Home Affairs Government of India. Initially, there were only four sections namely Fire Section, Civil Defence, Home Guards, and Communication Section. It was re-designated as Director-General, National Emergency Response Force, and Civil Defence on 2nd September 2004. It was then re-designated as Director-General, National Disaster Response Force & Civil Defence on 1st December 2006. On 26 February 2014, it was re-designated as Director General, Fire Services, Civil Defence and Home Guards.
48 days ago
International Volunteer Day is observed on 5 December every year. The day provides a unique chance for volunteers and organizations to celebrate their efforts, to share their values. It also promotes the work by various communities, United Nations agencies, government authorities, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and the private sector.
The day is observed to increase the awareness of the important contribution of volunteer service. It aims to combat poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy, environmental degradation and discrimination against women.
On 17 December 1985, the United Nations General Assembly passed the resolution A/RES/40/212 to observe the International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development. The day was instituted to provide a chance for individual volunteers, communities, and organizations to join with the UN to promote their contributions to development at the local, national and international levels. On 22 November 2002, the UNGA directed the United Nations Volunteers (UNV) programme to ensure that the potential of International Volunteer Day is fully realized.
49 days ago
World Soil Day is observed on 5 December 2019. It is observed every year. It highlights the problem due to population expansion. It raises the profile of healthy soil. The day encourages governments, organizations, communities, and individuals to work towards improving soil health and its conservation.
The day aims to encourage people around the world to engage proactively to improve the health of the soil. The day aims to create awareness about the importance of soil on Earth.
The theme for the 2019 World Soil day is Stop Soil Erosion, Save our Future. The day raises awareness on the importance of human well-being and sustaining healthy ecosystems. It focuses on the growing problem regarding soil as the Earth's population continues to expand.
In 2002, the International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) recommended the observation of the World Soil Day annually on 5 December. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) supported the institution of the day with the support of the Kingdom of Thailand. In June 2013, the day was endorsed by FAO. In December 2013, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) designated 5 December 2014. The first World Soil Day was observed in 2014.
5 December was chosen it corresponds with the official birthday of the late H.M. King Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand. He was one of the main proponents of this initiative.
49 days ago
Indian Navy Day is observed every year on 4 December. The day commemorates the Operation Trident. The Day celebrates the achievements and role of the Indian naval force in the country.
The theme for the 2019 Navy day is Indian Navy-Salient, Strong and Swift. The theme celebrates the courageous Navy personnel for their valuable service and sacrifice that made the nation stronger and safer.
The Navy Day was first observed on 4 December 1971. The day was designated in order to work towards securing marine borders and strengthen relationships with other countries through joint exercises, humanitarian missions, and relief operations.
Operation Trident was held on 4-5 December 1971. The first offensive operation was launched against Pakistan's port city of Karachi during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 by the Indian Navy. During the operation, Indian suffered no loss whereas Pakistan's 3 ships sunk, 1 ship badly damaged, and the Karachi harbour fuel storage tanks destroyed. INS Nipat, INS Nirghat and INS Veer played an important role in the attack.
Note: The Maratha Emperor, Chhatrapati Shivaji Bhosle, is considered as the Father of the Indian Navy.
50 days ago
President Ram Nath Kovind paid homage to Dr. Rajendra Prasad on his birth anniversary, 3 December, at Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has also paid tributes to the first President of India on his Jayanti.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad:
Dr. Rajendra Prasad was born on 3 December 1884 in Bengal Presidency, British India. He was a lawyer by training and an Indian political leader. He gave up his profession and fought to free his motherland. As the first move toward freedom struggle, he volunteered in the 1906 Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress. He officially became a member of the Indian National Congress (INC) in 1911.
He was elected to the All India Congress Committee (AICC). He gave a wholehearted support Gandhi's various movements like Champaran Satyagraha, Non-cooperation movement. In 1921, he started the National College in Patna. After independence, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected the first President of India. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna. He died on 28 February 1963.
51 days ago
Ministry of Labour and Employment has designated to celebrate 30 November 2019 - 6 December 2019 as the Pension Week. The week focuses on enrolments under Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maandhan (PM-SYM) and National Pension Scheme for Traders and Self-Employed Persons (NPS-Traders).
♦ The pension schemes and initiatives in India are simple and hassle-free.
♦ In order to enroll to avail pension, only Aadhar and savings bank or Jandhan account is required.
♦ With the required credentials, one van enroll easily under the Pension Schemes.
♦ As a part of the observation of the Pension week, the Minister of State (I/C) for Labour and Employment Mr. Santosh Gangwar inaugurated a central function that aims to enroll Minister of State(I/C) for Labour and Employment.
♦ The pension scheme awareness campaign will be organized among 10 crore Ayushman beneficiaries, 11 crore MGNREGA workers, 4-5 crore Building and Other Construction (BOC) workers, 2.5 crore Self Help Group (SHG) members, 40 lakh Anganwadi workers and 10 lakh Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) workers. These campaigns will make them aware of the pension schemes.
51 days ago
International Day of Persons with Disabilities is observed on 3 December every year across the world. The day aims to raise awareness and develop an understanding to accept people with disabilities.
The Day promotes acceptance and compassion on the disability issues of the disabled person. The day aims to provide support for the self-respect, rights and better living of disabled persons.
The theme for the year 2019 is Promoting the participation of persons with disabilities and their leadership: taking action on the 2030 Development Agenda. The theme focuses on empowering the disabled persons for equitable, inclusive, and sustainable development as anticipated in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
In 1992, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed the resolution 47/3. The resolution aimed to promote the rights and well-being of disabled persons in all aspects of society. The day was designated to increase awareness of the situation of persons with disabilities in every aspect of political, social, economic and cultural life. UNGA announced 1983-1992 as the United Nations Decade of Disabled Persons.
51 days ago
Nagaland celebrated its 57th statehood day on 1 December 2019. Nagaland was carved out of Assam in 1963. On 1 December 1963, Dr. S Radhakrishnan inaugurated Nagaland as the 16th state of the country. The State government organized various events and functions during the occasion.
Formed on: 1 December 1963
Governor: R.N. Ravi
Chief Minister and Deputy Chief Minister: Neiphiu Rio
Nagaland borders with:
♦ Assam to the west
♦ Arunachal Pradesh and Assam to the north
♦ Myanmar to the east
♦ Manipur to the south
52 days ago
International Day for the Abolition of Slavery is observed every year on 2 December. On this day people share their view towards slavery in writings through opinion pieces, poetry, interviews, short stories, feature articles, and other published material.
The day aims to raise awareness of the atrocities of modern slavery. The day highlights the importance to eliminate slavery including sexual exploitation, trafficking in persons, forced marriage, child labour, etc.
A report by the United Nations stated that 40.3 million people are in modern slavery. Slavery includes 24.9 in forced labour and 15.4 million in forced marriage. For every 1000 people in the world, there are 5.4 victims of modern slavery. The report also said the 1 in 4 victims are children. Women and girls are affected by forced labour which accounts for 99% of victims in the commercial sex industry and 58% in other sectors.
On 2 December 1949, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed resolution 317(IV) and adopted Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others. The day was marked by the UN to eradicate the contemporary forms of slavery including forced labour, child labour, and trafficking.
52 days ago
The National Pollution Control Day is observed on 2 December. It is celebrated every year. The day is observed in order to honor the lives that were lost because of the Bhopal gas calamity. On this day, the Pollution Control Department will organize several programs in this regard in the education institutions.
The day aims to spread awareness among the people about pollution and its control measures. The day also creates awareness about the problem caused by increasing pollution.
The Bhopal gas tragedy happened on the night of 2nd and 3rd December of 1984. The tragedy occurred because of the unintentional discharge of the poisonous Methyl Isocyanate (MIC) and some other chemicals released from the Union Carbide Chemical Plant in Bhopal.
The Madhya Pradesh State government reported that 8,000 to 10,000 people died in that accident and 25,000 people died later due to the gas-related diseases. The Bhopal gas tragedy was identified as the biggest industrial pollution disaster in world history.
Preventive measures by the government:
Indian government launched various acts and rules to control and prevent pollution in India including Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act of 1974, Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act of 1981, Environment (Protection) Act of 1986, Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation) Rules of 2000, Environment Impact Assessment Notification of 2006, etc.
National Pollution Control Board (NPCB) is the governing body of pollution in India. It regularly conducts checks on industries if the industries are following environmental regulations or not.
Pollution Control methods:
♦ Pollution can be controlled by treating sewage and managing solid waste
♦ Various Urban Waste-water treatment and reuse project
♦ Treating electronic waste and reducing the waste generation
♦ Introducing projects on Clean Development Mechanism
53 days ago
World AIDS Day is observed on 1 December every year. The day aims to raise public awareness about AIDS. The day aims to motivate the people who are infected by the fatal disease.
The theme of the 2019 World AIDS Day is Communities Makes The difference. The theme provides an opportunity to recognize the essential role that communities have played and continue to play in the AIDS response at the local, national and international levels.
Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a pandemic disease that is caused due to the infection of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). HIV causes damage to the immune system.
World AIDS Day was first observed on 1st December 1988. The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS ) took the lead on campaigning for World AIDS Day from 1994-2004. A study reported that 37.9 million people globally were living with HIV and 23.3 million people are accessing antiretroviral therapy. The report also said that 1.7 million people became newly infected with HIV. 7,70,000 people died from AIDS-related illnesses.
55 days ago
International Day of Solidarity with Palestinian People is observed on November 29. It is celebrated every year. The day is also known as Solidarity Day. The day marks the anniversary of resolution 181.
In 1977, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed a resolution 32/40 B and called for the observance of the International Day of Solidarity with Palestinian People. On 29 November 1947, the UNGA adopted the resolution on the partition of Palestine and passed resolution 181 (II) on the observance of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People.
On 1 December 2005, the Assembly requested the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People and the Division for Palestinian Rights. It organized an annual exhibit on Palestinian rights or a cultural event in cooperation with the Permanent Observer Mission of Palestine to the UN.
The day encourages the Member States to continue to give the widest support and publicity to the observance of the Day of Solidarity.
56 days ago
Constitution Day was observed on 26 November every year. The Constitution day is also known as National Law Day or National Constitution Day or Samvidhan Divas. The celebration in 2019 marked the 70th anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution.
The day aims to raise awareness about the Indian Constitution. It also acknowledges the contribution of the framers of the Constitution and aggravates the people regarding the prominent values. It publicizes the rich composite culture and diversity of India.
The Constitution of India was adopted on 26 November 2019. And it came to effect only on 26 January 1950. It marked the new era in the history of India. The day creates awareness of Fundamental Duties as enshrined in the Indian Constitution. On 19 November 2015, the BJP-led government declared 26 November as Constitution Day. The first Constitution was observed on 26 November 2015.
♦ On this day, the Preamble was read out in the Civil Secretariat.
♦ The J&K people celebrated the Constitution Day for the first time.
♦ Events were organized in New Delhi by the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs.
♦ Seminars, lectures, and many events were organized in schools across India.
57 days ago
National Milk Day is celebrated on 26 November every year in India. The day commemorates the birth anniversary of Dr. Verghese Kurien. The day aims to promote benefits related to milk and milk industry. It also raises awareness among people about the importance of milk and milk products. In 2019, India is celebrating the 98th birth anniversary of Dr. Kurien.
The day was instituted by the Indian Dairy Association (IDA) in 2014. IDA took the initiative to designate 26 December as the National Milk Day. The United Nations celebrate World Milk Day on 1 June every year. The first National Milk Day was celebrated on 26 November 2014. The day was observed by various milk producers from 22 states fo India.
Dr. Verghese Kurien:
Dr. Verghese Kurien is popularly known as the Father of the White Revolution and Milkman of India. The famous Indian social entrepreneur was born on 26 November 1921. He organized the world's largest agricultural dairy development programme named Operation Flood. In 1964, he was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award. He received Padma Shri in 1965, Padma Bhushan in 1966 and Padma Vibhushan in 1999. He was awarded Food Prize in 1989. In 1997, he received the World Order of Agricultural Merit. His efforts made India's dairy farming the largest self-sustaining industry and the largest rural employment provider.
59 days ago
International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women observed on November 25th every year
The 2019 theme for the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women is Orange the World: Generation Equality Stands Against Rape.
History of Day
The Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women issued by the UN General Assembly in 1993 defines violence against women. The act of gender-based violence that results in physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life. Several public events are coordinated at the International Day. The Iconic buildings and landmarks will be ‘oranged’ to recall the need for a violence-free future.
60 days ago
Indian Army commemorated Poonch Link-up day they paid tribute to soldiers and local citizens for their supreme sacrifice in defending Poonch during a conflict in 1948.
The Indian Army honored the day by laying a wreath at the War Memorial in Poonch district. The various events were organized for the welfare of the local citizen. Physically challenged people were presented with wheelchairs and two-wheelers.
It is one of the most remote districts of Jammu and Kashmir. It is bounded by the Line of Control on three sides. The 1947-48 war between India and Pakistan divided the earlier district into two parts. One went to Pakistan and the other became part of the then Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir.
62 days ago
World Television Day is observed on 21 November every year. The day is observed to acknowledge the role of broadcast media. On this day, the journalists, writers, bloggers, and others who are associated with the medium promote the role of television in communication and globalization.
UNGA hosted the first World Television Forum was held on 21-22 November 1996. After the forum, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) passed a resolution on 17 December 1996 and designated the observance of World Television Day. In the forum, the leaders discussed the growing significance of television in the changing world. The forum also discussed to consider how they might enhance their mutual cooperation. It provides a platform and allowed media to discuss the importance of TV in delivering information and also how it was participating in the changing world. It is the single largest source of video consumption.
62 days ago
World Fisheries Day is celebrated on 21 November every year. The day aims to highlight the importance of healthy ocean ecosystems. It also ensures the sustainable stocks of fisheries in the world. Fishing communities celebrate the day by conduction events like public meetings, rallies, workshops, exhibitions, cultural dramas, and music shows.
A study by the United Nations reported that more than two-thirds of the world's fisheries have been overfished or are fully harvested. It also said that more than one third are in a state of decline because of factors such as the loss of essential fish habitats, pollution, and global warming.
Fisheries in India:
Fisheries play a vital role in contributing to the Food Security of the country. It is an important sector that provides employment to millions of people. India has over 8,000km of coastline, an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of over 2 million sq km, and extensive freshwater resources. Fisheries play a vital role in the Indian economy as it contributes about 1.07% to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
63 days ago
World Philosophy Day is observed on 21 November every year. The day is observed every third Thursday of November month. On this day, UNESCO highlighted the value of philosophy for the development of human thought, for each culture and individual.
The 2019 observance highlights the importance of philosophy in different regional contexts. The day aims to obtain regional contributions to global debates on contemporary challenges that support social transformations. The purpose of the approach is to foster regional dynamics, stimulating global collaboration to address major challenges such as artificial intelligence (AI), radicalization, migration, or environmental change.
World Philosophy Day was instituted in 2002 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). The day was designated to renew the commitment of the national, subregional, regional, and international to the philosophy and to foster philosophical research, analysis, and studies on major contemporary issues. In 2005, the UNESCO General Conference proclaimed the observance of the World Philosophy Day on every third Thursday of November.
Philosophy: It means creation or study of theories about basic things such as the knowledge, nature of existence, and thought, or about how people should live and deal with a particular situation.
63 days ago
Africa Industrialization Day is observed on 20th November every year. On this day, all governments and other organizations in many African countries examine ways to stimulate the industrialization process of Africa. The day spotlights the problems and challenges of industrialization in Africa
The them for the 2019 Africa Industrialization Day is Positioning African Industry to supply the African Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA), Market. The theme was set to raise awareness in the international community on the challenges and opportunities for Africa's industrialization within the framework of the newly created African Continental Free Trade Area.
In July 1989, the Organization of African Unity (OAU) announced declared the observance of the Africa Industrialization Day at the 25th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of OAU, which was held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. On 22 December 1989, the UN General Assembly (UNGA) proclaimed 20 November to be Africa Industrialization Day. The day was first observed in 1990 across the world.