Current Affairs 2016 February - Current Affairs Today Banking, SSC, UPSC
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February 2016 – Current Affairs and Quiz
29 February 2016 Current AffairsQUIZ
Socialist leader Nihal Ahmed Maulavi Mohammed Usman died on 29 February 2016 in Nashik. He was 90. He was popularly known as Nihalbhai and was the first mayor of the Malegaon Municipal Corporation. He was the state president of Janata Dal (Secular). He was a former Minister of technical and higher education of Maharastra.He was elected as legislator in the state Assembly for nearly three decades.He contested to the State assembly elections for 10 times from 1960 to 1995 and was elected all the times But in 1999, he contested for Loksabha and was defeated.Slovenian high-jumper Rozle Prezelj on 27 February 2016 was elected the Chairman of the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) Athletes' Commission in Monaco. Prezelj took over as Chairman of the commission from Frank Fredericks with immediate effect. On the other hand, Britain’s marathon world record-holder Paula Radcliffe was nominated Vice Chairwoman of the commission.He is 36-year-old, a three-time Olympian and a European Under-23 champion in 2001, will replace Namibian Frank Fredericks with immediate effect after a meeting of the commission here on Saturday, reports XinhuaThe Famous sound designer Resul Pookutty on 27 February 2016 became the first Asian to win the award for Best Sound for documentary India’s Daughter at the Motion Picture Sound Editors’ (MPSE) 63rd annual Golden Reel Awards.The competing films/ television documentaries in the list included Beware Baltimore, Chef’s Table,Deadliest Catch, and The Undrafted, Mad Max: Fury Road, The Martian, Star Wars: The Force Awakens and The Revenant among others.Kebab shops and fried fast food shops are to be banned from opening in Verona in order to preserve the city’s 'decorum’.A ruling that prevents the opening of new restaurants that sell deep-fried fast food, or serve mostly ‘ethnic’ dishes, was passed in the UNESCO World Heritage site this week after a surge in kebab shops in the city.Verona Mayor Flavio Tosi told The Telegraph.“This protects not only our historic and architectural patrimony of the city centre, but also the tradition of typical culture of the Verona territory.”The 18-year-old Sataparna Mukherjee of a village around 30 kms away from Kolkata has been selected for National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) prestigious Goddard Internship Programme. She is among five students from across the world who will get an opportunity to stay and study in US.Her paper on Black Hole Theory was appreciated by the institute, which extended the scholarship offer in return.Under the programme, Sataparna will work as an employee and researcher and she will be a part of earth science and technology development programme.While presenting the Union Budget 2016, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley today allocated ₹55,000 crore for the development of roads and highways. Total investment in Road Sector would stand at ₹97,000 crore for 2016-17, he added. The NHAI will raise an additional ₹15,000 crore via bonds. Including the given sector, the total outlay for infrastructure stood at ₹2,21,246 crore.Finance Minister, Arun Jaitley has proposed to set up a higher education financing agency and has allocated Rs 1000 crore for the same in the Union Budget-2016. In his Budget speech Jaitley said that the governement aims to skill 1 crore youth in the next 3 years under the PM Kaushal Vikas Yojana. The National Skill Development Mission has imparted training to 76 lakh citizens and 1500 multi skill training institutes are to be set up in the future for which Rs 1700 crore are set aside, he saidFinance Minister Arun Jaitley today while presenting the Union Budget allocated Rs.9,000 crore for Swachh Bharat Abhiyan. Further, he announced a Rs.2,000 crore fund to meet the initial costs of providing LPG cylinders to 1.5 crore households below the poverty line. Also, a new health protection scheme to provide health cover of upto Rs.1 lakh per family will be launched.The Union Budget 2016 aiming to double farmers income by 2022, Finance Minister Jaitley on Monday has announced an allocation of nearly Rs 36,000 crore for the farm sector while raising the agri-credit target to Rs 9 lakh crore for the next fiscal. He has also allocated Rs 15,000 crore for interest subvention on the farm credit, Rs 5,500 crore for the new crop insurance scheme and Rs 500 crore to boost pulses output."Our total allocation on agriculture and farmers welfare is Rs 35,984 crore," Jaitley said.The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare on 25 February 2016 decided to allow birth companions during delivery in public health facilities. The decision is aimed at reducing Maternal Mortality Ratio and Infant Mortality Rate in India. The presence of a female relative during labour is a low cost intervention that has proved to be beneficial to the women in labour.The officials of Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI) have unearthed a huge rice scam. The scam worth Rs 1,000 Crores involves the export of high-quality Basmati rice to Iran. The rice being exported to Iran were diverted after crossing half way. In a probe initiated by DRI, it has come to light that more than 2 lakh metric tonnes of Basmati rice were offloaded in Dubai instead of Bandar Abbas located in Iran.Over 25 exporters from Haryana and Punjab are under scrutiny for their involvement in the multi-crore scam.Senior IPS officer Alok Kumar Verma on Monday took charge as the new Commissioner of Delhi Police at a time it is battling mounting criticism over handling of the JNU row. Kumar succeeds B S Bassi who was at loggerheads with the AAP government on a range of issues in the last one year. Verma, a 1979 batch IPS officer of the AGMUT (Arunachal Pradesh-Goa-Mizoram and Union Territory) cadre, was serving as the Director General of Tihar jail.He assumes charge of Delhi Police when it is battling mounting criticism over handling of the JNU row.The Union Minister for Science & Technology and Earth Sciences Dr. Harsh Vardhan released Seismic microzonation reports for Delhi and Kolkata in New Delhi today. Speaking on the occasion, he said such scientific endeavours should help us to minimize the impact of earthquakes by (a) Proper assessment of Seismic Hazard (b) Implementation of safe building construction codes, and (c) adopting appropriate land-use planning. The Minister complimented scientists and investigators involved in the Seismic Microzonation of NCT Delhi and the Kolkata Megacities.Vedanta Ltd has won India's first-ever auction of a gold mine, a provincial government official said, as the nation opens up the sector to private companies to curb overseas purchases of the metal that cost it $36 billion last year. Vedanta, a unit of London-listed Vedanta Resources Plc , beat three other bidders in the auction of the Baghmara mine in the eastern state of Chhattisgarh, the head of the state's Directorate of Geology and Mining, Reena Kangale, told Reuters on February 26,2016.BK Garudachar, India’s oldest first class cricketer from the pre-independence era passed away on Friday. He was the former captain of Mysore who played as an all-rounder. Garudachar’s best figures were 11 wickets for 62 runs when Mysore won their first Ranji Trophy match against Hyderabad during the 1941/42 season. In the batting department, Garudachar’s made a tally of 1,126 runs with an average of 29.53 holding 1 century and seven fifties. As a bowler he took 100 wickets at 26.20 average. Bindiganavile Krishnaswamy Iyengar Garudachar was born in Chikmagalur district, Karnataka on January 13, 1917.According to the latest survey by Travel website Tripadvisor, India has three of the top ten beaches in Asia favored by travellers. The beaches are Agonda, Palolem (both in Goa) and Radhanagar on the Havelock Island in the Andamans. Travellers’ Choice Award-winning beaches were determined on the quantity and quality of traveller reviews and ratings on the TripAdvisor website gathered over a 12-month period. This year’s awards honour 343 beaches, including the top 10 in the world and lists for Asia, Africa, Australia, the Caribbean, Central America, Europe, South America, the South Pacific, the UK and the US. Three of India’s beaches have featured in the list of top 10 beaches in Asia.Punjab government on 28 February 2016 imposed a ban on the sale of army uniforms across the state. Any person who wants to buy the uniform would have to submit a self-attested copy of his identity card and phone number with the shopkeeper. This record would be duly maintained along with date of sale in the record register of the shopkeeper. These orders would remain in force till 21 April 2016 and next course of action will be decided afterwards.The decision was taken in backdrop of terror attacks in Pathankot and Gurdaspur in the recent past. During the attacks, the militants had disguised themselves in the army fatigues.Union Finance Minister, Arun Jaitley on 29 February 2016 presented Union Budget 2016-17 in the Lok Sabha. This was the second full year Budget of the NDA government and the third budget of Jaitley.The finance minister announced nine pillars of the budget and they are Agriculture and farmers' welfare, rural sector, social sector including healthcare, education, skills and job creation, infrastructure, financial sector reforms, ease of doing business, fiscal discipline, tax reforms to reduce compliance burden.Dinesh Sharma, Additional Finance Secretary and India’s Governor to the International Fund for Agriculture Development (IFAD) was unanimously elected as the Chairperson of the Governing Council of IFAD for a period of two years in its 39th Session held on 17 February and 18 February 2016 in Rome, Italy. The Governing Council Session of IFAD was marked by special focus on inclusive growth and on the investments required to meet the sustainable development goals in the realm of eradicating poverty and hunger.'Spotlight' was named Best Picture at the 88th Academy Awards held in Los Angeles today. Alejandro G. Iñárritu won the Best Director Award for 'The Revenant'. Mark Rylance won the Best Actor in a Supporting Role Award for 'Bridge of Spies', while Alicia Vikander was named Best Actress in a Supporting Role for 'The Danish Girl'.Leonardo DiCaprio has won his first Oscar, for survival epic The Revenant, having been nominated six times. He was named best actor at the 88th Academy Awards, with Brie Larson named best actress Oscar for Room.Ireland’s ruling coalition was ousted by voters angry at the country’s uneven recovery, leaving Prime Minister Enda Kenny facing the unpalatable prospect of trying to secure a deal with his biggest rival. His government appeared to be the latest victim of European voters’ growing antipathy to mainstream politics, hit by a backlash against years of austerity and a perception that Ireland’s poor are not benefiting from the fastest economic growth in Europe.Stanislas Wawrinka on 28 February 2016 won his ninth straight final to clinch the Dubai ATP Tennis title. In the final played in Dubai, Wawrinka defeated Marcos Baghdatis in straight sets with a 6-4, 7-6(13). This was the third time that Wawrinka has played in Dubai. In his previous two visits, the Swiss star never won a match.The French Open champion claimed the 13th title of his career and second of the season after Chennai, improving to 13-2 in 2016. This was his second title of the year. He won a third consecutive Chennai title in January 2016.Prime Minister Narendra Modi will travel to Saudi Arabia as part of his three-nation trip from March 30 during which he will also visit Washington to attend Nuclear Security Summit (NSS). Starting his visit with Belgium on March 30 for India-EU Summit, Modi will travel to Washington for NSS from March 31 before his two-day bilateral visit from April 2 to Saudi Arabia. He will hold talks with the Saudi leadership on key regional and bilateral issues, including trade and energyGender Park', India's first gender equality convergence center, will be inaugurated by President Pranab Mukherjee in Kozhikode on February 27.The park is an initiative of the Social Justice Department of the Kerala government to bring together the state, academia and civil society on a common platform to address the gender issues.The Centre, the country's first such large-scale initiative, will create an environment to share global knowledge and experiences in reducing gender inequalities,CEO of the park Dr PTM Sunish said in a release.National Science day is celebrated on February 28 e very year to commemorate the discovery of Raman Effect by Sir C.V.Raman National council for science technology and communication asked the government to designate February 28 as science day in 1986.Since then this day has been celebrated in every school, college, science organizations all over India.Former CAG Vinod Rai was on Sunday appointed first Chairman of the Banks Board Bureau, which will advise the government on top-level appointments at public sector lenders and ways to address the bad loans problem among other issues. Besides, ICICI Bank s former Joint Managing Director H.N. Sinor, Bank of Baroda s former CMD Anil K Khandelwal and rating agency CRISIL s former chief Rupa Kudwa have been appointed members In a statement, the government said Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved the proposal of the Department of Financial Services for the constitution of Banks Board Bureau (BBB) with the named persons as “part-time Chairman/Members, besides the ex-officio official members, for a period of two years”.
27 February 2016 Current AffairsQUIZ
Malayalam director Rajesh Pillai who is accredited with films like Traffic(2011) and Mili (2015) passed away today at the age of 41. Pillai, who was undergoing treatment for liver cirrhosis and pneumonia, breathed his last at PVS Hospital, Kochi, where he was admitted on February 25. Pillai remade his film Traffic in Hindi in 2014."Bajirao Mastani" actor Ranveer Singh will be honoured with Dinanath Mangeshkar Award in April, says melody queen Lata Mangeshkar. The Mangeshkar clan led by Lata honours artistes to commemorate their father Pandit Dinanath Mangeshkars death anniversary every year. This year, the award will be bestowed upon Ranveer at a function to be held in Pune on April 24. "Ranveer is a very good actor and seems to be a very positive human being.The Centre for Science and Environment, as part of its green school programme, gave awards to ten schools based on environment-friendly practices. According to the Centre, a green school is “a resource-efficient one that uses little water, optimises energy efficiency, minimises waste-generation, catches and recycles water, and provides a healthier space for its occupants as compared to a conventional building”.The organisation received more than 500 submissions from all across India for the Green School Awards. Father Agnel School in Greater Noida emerged as this years “greenest school”. The second prize was given to Queens Valley School (Delhi) and the third prize was bagged by the Government Senior Secondary School (Shimla).SpaceX on Thursday called off its second attempt in two days to launch the Falcon 9 rocket on a satellite-delivery mission due to a technical difficulty. A launch attempt for the same mission was canceled on Wednesday as well. Falcon 9 aims at delivering a satellite at 39,000 kilometers above Earth and still have enough fuel to return-land at sea.Scientists have designed the first mathematical model explaining how things go viral online. For this, transmission of social phenomena was compared to that of infectious diseases. "The model shows that peoples opposition to accept a new idea acts as a barrier to large contagion until the transmission of the phenomenon becomes strong enough to overcome that reluctance", the study stated.Around 70 million people in India suffer from "life threatening" rare diseases, a clinical research body said today. Indian Society for Clinical Research (ISCR) said there are close to 7,000 known rare diseases ay present most of which are "progressive, life-threatening and chronically debilitating conditions. "There is no treatment for more than 90 per cent of these diseases and the number of patients with rare diseases continues to increase every year. "In India alone, there are an estimated 70 million patients living with a rare disease, many of whom do not know they have a rare disease and even when they do, they either have no access to treatment or cannot afford it," it said.Hyundai Motor India Limited (HMIL) has inaugurated Indias first Digital Automotive Experience Outlet called Unity Hyundai in the national capital. The company has taken a New Thinking, New Possibility” approach which is aimed at offering customers a completely new way to shop for a car by adopting digital-screens and artworks according the varying tastes of different buyers. The experience has been designed keeping the customer as the primary focal point.The experience will allow visiting customers to research, test-drive, or part-exchange their old cars while buying a new Hyundai product. The outlet will accept cash bookings and will also offer various finance packages.The company has said that Unity Hyundai – Digital Experience Outlet will boast of highly trained staff members and sales representatives who will represent Hyundais new-age and highly evolved brand identity. Unity Hyundai is claimed to have been designed to give customers the freedom of purchase.IT giant Infosys on 19 February 2016 appointed Michael Pesch as Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Infosys Consulting Holding AG, effective April 1 2016.Pesch will focus on expanding the reach of Infosys consultants and experts in digital transformation and design-led innovation, as well as increasing Infosys expertise in large-scale SAP programmes.Pesch will also serve as the Regional Head for the DACH (Germany, Austria and Switzerland) countries, bringing an integrated approach to IT transformation to every client engagement in the region.The Lok Sabha on 25 February 2016 passed Election Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2016. The bill seeks to amend the Delimitation Act, 2002 and the Representation of the People Act, 1950.These Acts regulate allocation of seats to the national and state legislatures, and delimitation (that is, fixing boundaries) of parliamentary and assembly constituencies.Features of Election Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2016. Objective: The Bill aims to empower the Election Commission to carry out delimitation of assembly and parliamentary constituencies in Cooch Behar district of West Bengal that were affected by the enactment of the Constitution (100th Amendment) Act, 2015.Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar on Friday said that India will induct three to four indigenously developed Light Combat Aircraft Tejas in 2016 and eight squadrons in eight years. Parrikar also informed the Lok Sabha that Indias share in global arms imports has reduced from 15% to 14%, bringing down Indias arms import bill to ₹24,900 crore from ₹35,000 crore.Scientists have created cyberforests - computer simulation that grows realistic 3D forests down to the branches, leaves and roots of individual trees - to determine how drought, wildfires and other climate-related changes may affect real forests. The model, called LES, uses computing power to grow 100x100-metre stands of drought and shade tolerant trees that can then be scaled up to actual forest size.NASA researchers have made yet another a startling discovery about the geology of Pluto, as a newly-released image captured by the New Horizons spacecraft has lead to the discovery of wide frozen canyons located near the dwarf planets north polar region.The enhanced color image, publicly unveiled by the US space agency Thursday in a statement, shows long canyons that run vertically along a portion of the region informally known as Lowell Regio. The widest of these canyons is roughly 45 miles (75 kilometers) wide and is located close to Plutos north pole, and is shaded yellow in one of the newly-released pictures.Running roughly parallel to that canyon are two others, one to the east and one to the west, that are colored green in the photograph. Each of these geological features are approximately 6 miles (10 km) wide.Royal Enfield has opened its first exclusive store in Thailand. It has been set up in the Thonglor area of Thailand by the General Auto Supply Co. Ltd. The Eicher owned company has announced its complete range of motorcycles, apparel and accessories at the launch of its first exclusive store along with the price.Royal Enfield Bullet 500 – THB 179,800 (INR 3.45 lakhs)Royal Enfield Classic 500 – THB 189,800 (INR 3.64 lakhs)Royal Enfield Classic Chrome – THB 198,800 (INR 3.81 lakhs)Royal Enfield Continental GT 535 – THB 219,800 (INR 4.21 lakhs)Industrialist Mukesh Ambani remains Indias richest person with a sharp surge of 30 per cent in his net worth to $26 billion, pushing his global rank to 21st on a worldwide rich list topped by Bill Gates.The total number of billionaires from India has risen to 111, consolidating the countrys third position after China and the US, according to Hurun Global Rich List 2016, a ranking of the US dollar billionaires currently found in the world.Indian tennis star Sania Mirza and Martina Hingis 41-match winning streak came to halt after the World No 1 womens doubles pair went down fighting in the quarterfinals of the Qatar Open. Sania and her Swiss partner Martina lost 2-6, 6-4, 10-5 to Russian pair Elena Vesnina and Daria Kasatkina late on Thursday night."So thats how the cookie crumbled… just kidding… Well be back stronger than before," Sania Mirza tweeted.Mirza and Hingis had started their win streak in September at the US Open, the first of nine straight titles.Astronaut Scott Kelly is preparing to return to Earth after spending an unprecedented year on the International Space Station. Kelly has been in the process of finishing his collection of samples, some of which will return with him in the Soyuz capsule when it lands near Kazakhstan. Hes also been packing up because, even though there is limited space in the capsule — its nearly 23 feet long and nearly 9 feet in diameter — astronauts can bring 1½ kilograms (about 3 pounds) of items back with them.Most of Kellys items will be personal items that were given to him before he launched on March 27, 2015. The astronauts can also send other items back via SpaceX cargo spacecraft.
26 February 2016 Current AffairsQUIZ
The Union Government has extended e-Tourist Visa Scheme to 37 more countries. With this, the total count of countries under the scheme will become 150. The new countries included in e-Tourist Visa scheme are Austria, Albania, Botswana, Brunei, Bulgaria, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Comoros, Cote dlvoire, Cape Verde, Czech Republic, Croatia, Eritrea, Denmark, Gabon, Greece, Guinea, Gambia, Ghana, Madagascar, Malawi, Iceland, Lesotho, Liberia, San Marino, Moldova, Namibia, Romania, South Africa, Swaziland, Switzerland, Senegal, Serbia, Slovakia, Trinidad & Tobago, Tajikistan, Zambia and Zimbabwe.Justice Subhro Kamal Mukherjee has sworn-in as the 28th Chief Justice of the High Court of Karnataka. He was administered oath to the office as per provision of Article 219 of Constitution by the Governor Vajubhai R. Vala in a ceremony held at the Raj Bhavan, Bengaluru. Prior to this appointment, he was officiating as Acting Chief Justice of High Court of Karnataka since June 2015.Long-distance runner Lalita Babar was on Monday named as the Sportsperson of the Year in the India Sports Awards 2015.The Indian Sports Award were given away at the conclusion of day one of Turf 2015-16, organised by the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) with the support of the Sports Ministry.Babar qualified for Rio Olympics recently in the 3000m steepelchase event and is the current Indian national record holder. She also won a bronze medal in 2014 Incheon Asian Games and is the current Asian champion.Besides Babar, gynmast Dipa Karmakar was named as the Breakthrough Sportsperson of the Year while Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India was conferred with the Best National Sports Federation recognition.The second test played in Christchurch was the last international test outing for New Zealands Wicket keeper batsman and Skipper Brendon McCullum, who announced his retirement on 22 December 2015 and already retired from the other two forms of the game viz. T20 Internationals and One day Internationals.He retired after playing 101 tests with a score of 6453 runs and 38.64 average.Afghanistans National Womens Cycling Team has been nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize by members of the Italian parliament. The team has used the bicycle as a vehicle for social justice, enduring violence and social stigma. In 2013, it became the first Afghan womens team to compete on the international stage, at the Asian Cycling Championships in Delhi.Afghanistan had a womens team as early as 1986, but that program was scuttled during Soviet and subsequent Taliban control of the country. It was reborn in 2011 when Abdul Sediq, coach of the Afghan mens national team, founded a team around his daughter, Marjan “Mariam” Sedequi. The team now has about a dozen women, who ride in pants, loose-fitting shirts, and hijabs beneath helmets to avoid attracting additional unwanted attention.The first animal to appear on Earth was probably the humble sea sponge, American scientists believe. According to researchers at the world-famous Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), sea sponges pre-date the Cambrian explosion, an evolutionary period that began around 540 million years ago, during which a large number of new animals appeared.The MIT team made the discovery by analysing molecular fossils - trace amounts of molecules found in ancient rocks that survive to this day.Rajendra Singh, an officer from the Coast Guard cadre, has been named to head the force, the first time an officer who is not from the Indian Navy has been elevated to the position.The director generals post has so far only been held by officers who were commissioned in the Indian Navy.Before this, two officers, Rameshwar Singh and Prabhakaran Paleri, who were from the Coast Guard stream, were elevated to the top post. However, they were Indian Navy officers on permanent secondment to the Coast Guard.Rajinder Singh is currently additional director general of the Coast Guard. A 1980 batch officer, he was the first from the Coast Guard cadre to be elevated to three-star officer when the defence ministry approved his apppointment to his currnt post in in 2013.