Defence Current Affairs 2019 - Current Affairs Today

Defence Current Affairs 2019 read all the latest Defence Current Affairs Updates for 2019 at Fresherslive.com. This is the right place to get quick updates of Latest Defence Current Affairs 2019 and events not only for the competitive exam but also for the interview.

  • India and France to hold their largest Naval Exercise VARUNA

    3 hours ago
    India and France are all set to hold their largest-ever naval exercise with aircraft carriers, destroyers, submarines and fighters early May as part of their expanding strategic partnership. The exercise has been christened 'Varuna' and will take place off Goa and Karwar from 1 May 2019. The conduct of Varuna exercise was reiterated in the Joint Statement made by the Prime Minister of India and the President of France, on the 10th of March 2018. The two countries will be deploying their aircraft carriers INS Vikramaditya and FNS Charles de gaulle with their Mig-29K and Rafale-M naval fighter jets. The Indian participation will also include the destroyer INS Mumbai, frigate INS Trikand with their integral helicopters, IN submarine Kalvari, P8-I aircrafts and Dornier Maritime Patrol aircraft. This comes after the successful operationalisation of the logistics support agreement between India and France under which Indian warships can access the French bases like Reunion Islands and in Djibouti. Under the same pact, French anti-aircraft destroyer FNS Cassard had docked at the Mumbai naval port in January 2019. This was second such logistics support agreement signed by India after the one signed by it with United States (US) in 2016. About France: Capital: Paris Currency: CFP Franc, Euro President: Emmanuel Macron Prime Minister: Edouard Philippe

    INS Shakti, INS Kolkata to take part in Chinese Navys 70th anniversary celebrations

    3 hours ago
    The two Indian Navy Ships (INS) are scheduled to visit Chinese port of Qingdao from 21 to 26 April to participate in an International Fleet Review to celebrate the 70th anniversary of People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Navy. INS Kolkata is the lead ship of the Kolkata-class stealth guided-missile destroyers of the Indian Navy. INS Shakti is tanker and supply ship. Over 60 countries would join the commemorative event for the PLA Navy’s 70th founding anniversary on April 23. About Indian Navy: ♦ Founded : 1612 ♦ Anniversaries: Navy Day (4 December ) ♦ Chief of the Naval staff : Admiral Sunil Lanba

    Indian Coast Guard offshore patrol vessel Veera commissioned by General Bipin Rawat

    2 days ago
    Indian Coast Guard vessel Veera commissioned by General Bipin Rawat, Chief of Army Staff in the presence of Director General of Indian Coast Guard Rajendra Singh, Chief of Eastern Naval Command Vice Admiral Karambir Singh and other senior dignitaries of the central and state government in a ceremony organised at Eastern Naval Command in Vishakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. Veera, the third in the series of the new generation Offshore Patrol Vessel (OPV) is under the administrative and operational command of the coast guard regional headquarters. This is indigenously designed and built by Larsen & Toubro Ltd. at its shipbuilding facility at Kattupali in Chennai. The 98 meters long, 15-metre wide patrol vessel has a 3.6-metre draft and a range of 5,000 nautical miles. The vessel is equipped with advanced technology navigation and communication equipment, sensor and machinery. It is also equipped with an Integrated Bridge System (IBS), Integrated Platform Management System (IPMS), Automated Power Management System (APMS) and High Power External Fire Fighting System (HPEFS). The ship displaces approx 2200 tons (GRT) and is propelled by two 9100 KW diesel engines to attain a maximum speed of 26 knots. About Andhra Pradesh ♦ Capital: Amaravati ♦ Chief Minister: N. Chandrababu Naidu ♦ Governor: E.S.L. Narasimhan ♦ Important National Parks/Wildlife Sanctuaries – Mrugavani National Park, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary.

    Indian Navy-Vietnam People's Navy Bilateral Exercise Concludes

    2 days ago
    The Indian Navy undertook the second edition of the bilateral maritime exercise between the Indian Navy and Vietnam Peoples’ Navy, (IN – VPN BILAT EX) at/ off Cam Ranh Bay, Vietnam. The exercise was undertaken as a part of the ongoing Overseas Deployment of Eastern Fleet ships to South East Asian countries. About Indian Navy Founded: 1612 Country: India Type: Navy Colours: Navy blue, white

    China developed the worlds first armed amphibious drone attack boat named Marine Lizard

    16 April 2019
    Marine Lizard was built by Wuchang Shipbuilding Industry Group under China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC). It could be used in land and sea assault operations. The amphibious Marine Lizard can possibly form an unmanned sea-land-air integrated combat system with aerial armed reconnaissance drones and other drone ships. It has a maximum operation range of 1,200 kms and can be remotely controlled via satellites. In ship form, the 12-metre-long Marine Lizard is a trimaran propelled by a diesel-powered hydrojet and can reach a maximum speed of 50 knots while maintaining stealth. About China: ♦ Currency: Renminbi ♦ Capital: Beijing ♦ Population: 138.64 crores ♦ President: Xi Jinping
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    Indias 1st indigenously made long-range missile Nirbhay successfully test fired

    16 April 2019
    Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully test fired the India’s first indigenously designed and developed long-range sub-sonic cruise missile 'Nirbhay' from a test range in Odisha’s Chandipur. 'Nirbhay' is designed to carry conventional and 300-kilogram  nuclear warheads. The missile weighs 1,500 kg, width of 0.52 meters and has a wingspan of 2.7 metre. It is all-weather missile and can be launched from multiple platforms. It also has the capability to strike land targets at a distance of up to 1,000 kilometers. It has the ability to fly at low altitudes in order to avoid detection by enemy radar. The missile is armed with a Ring Laser Gyroscope (RLG) based guidance, control and navigation system. It is also equipped with a MEMS-based Inertial Navigation System (INS) and the GPS system. The organisation had conducted five trials since 2013 before this. The last successful trial of ‘Nirbhay’ cruise missile was conducted on November 7, 2017. About Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO): ♦ Headquarter: New Delhi ♦ Chairman : Dr. G. Satheesh Reddy

    INS Kozhikode was decommissioned after three decades of service

    15 April 2019
    Indian Naval Ship Kozhikode was decommissioned in a ceremony held at Naval Jetty, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh on 13th April. Vice Admiral S.N. Ghormade, Chief of Staff, Eastern Naval Command, was the chief guest on the occasion. INS Kozhikode gracefully retired as an operational ship after three decades of service in the Indian Navy. Capt. P. Sasidharan (Retd.), Commissioning Executive Officer, Cdr. Afzal Khan, Commissioning Navigating Officer, Cdr. V.K. Sharma (Retd.) Commissioning Engineering Officer and Ms. Madhavi Sani, wife of late Cdr. Nadeem Sani, Commissioning Gunnery Officer of the ship, also graced the occasion. As part of the decommissioning ceremony, a ‘Barakhana’ for retired and serving sailors and their families was held. INS Kozhikode: ♦ INS Kozhikode was commissioned on December 19, 1988, at Riga (erstwhile USSR) ♦ It was named after the historic port of Calicut, the ship was an integral part of the 21 Mine Counter Measures Squadron, based in ENC at Visakhapatnam ♦ INS Kozhikode (M71) was a minesweeper of the Karwar class, of similar design to the Pondicherry-class ships that were in service with the Indian Navy till 2012 ♦ It was built by the Sredne-Nevskiy Shipyard at Saint Petersburg, Russia, except for the addition of surface-to-air missiles ♦ Kozhikode was the sixth and the last of the modified ‘Natya’ class of minesweepers ♦ The ship took part in the International Fleet Review 2016 that was held off the coast of Visakhapatnam  

    Government clears procurement of 464 T-90 tanks from Russia

    11 April 2019
    Amid increased tensions with Pakistan, the Central government has cleared the procurement of 464 T-90 tanks from Russia in a deal worth over Rs 13,500 crore. Under the new deal, the tanks would be provided to the Armoured Corps of the force which will use them for deployment along the border with Pakistan. The deal would increase the number of T-90s in the Army to close to 2,000 along with the remaining T-72 and T-55s. The Indian Army had first purchased T-90 tanks in 2001 when 310 units were ordered. The Indian Army is projected to have a force of over 1,600 T-90 tanks by 2020. The army is also looking to develop new tanks under the Futuristic Main Battle Tank project. The Army also operates two regiments of the Arjun Mark 1 tanks, which are mainly used in the desert terrain due to their weight.

    India-Singapore Joint Military Exercise Bold Kurukshetra2019

    10 April 2019
    Military forces of India and Singapore to participate in a joint exercise in Babina Cantonment in Jhansi.  The three-day exercise, ‘Bold Kurukshetra–2019’, conducted to develop military technology, boost maritime security and bolster the nations’ fight against terrorism. The two countries signed a cooperation agreement to strengthen the defence ties between Indian Military and Singapore Armed Forces in November. About Singapore  President: Halimah Yacob Prime Minister: Lee Hsien Loong Deputy Prime Ministers: Teo Chee Hean Tharman  Capital: Singapore   

    INS Shakti, INS Kolkata to take part in Chinese Navys 70th anniversary celebrations

    9 April 2019
    The two ships are scheduled to visit Chinese port of Qingdao from 21 to 26 April to participate in an International Fleet Review to celebrate the 70th anniversary of People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Navy. INS Kolkata is the lead ship of the Kolkata-class stealth guided-missile destroyers of the Indian Navy. INS Shakti is tanker and supply ship. Over 60 countries would join the commemorative event for the PLA Navy’s 70th founding anniversary on April 23.

    Biannual Army Commanders Conference began in New Delhi

    9 April 2019
    The biannual Army Commanders’ Conference began in New Delhi for the planning and execution process of the Indian Army. Some issues like the management of the extant security dynamics, mitigation of future security threats were discussed in this conference. Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman delivered her opening address at the conference and the Chief of the Army Staff chaired the conference. About Defence Ministry Formed: 1776; 243 years ago  Headquarters: Cabinet Secretariat Raisina Hill, New Delhi

    DRDO says that all low earth satellites are in reach of ASAT missile

    8 April 2019
    Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) said that the anti-satellite (ASAT) test, Mission Shakti, conducted in the month of March is a “deterrence capability” and the missile can cover all satellites in Low Earth Orbit (LEO). LEO was chosen based on simulations with the primary objective being to minimise debris. It was intentionally done at 280 km altitude so that debris decay fast It also said that the guidance and control algorithm has been developed to do interception at 1,000 km above the earth. The test covered all LEO satellites, including those for military use. DRDO also reported that NASA is continuing its cooperation with India, including in the manned mission to space.

    Indo US military exercise concluded in New Delhi on 5th March

    7 April 2019
    The military training exercise of the United States military forces from the 1st Battalion, 1st Special Forces Group (Airborne) with the Indian National Security Guard in New Delhi concluded on 5th March.  The month-long exercise provided soldiers hands-on experience in real urban settings, such as hotels and transportation hubs, in preparation for the possibility of terror attacks on vulnerable soft targets. These training events are part of US Indo-Pacific Command’s Theater Security Cooperation Programme, conducted by the US military with a select group of nations in the Indo-Pacific region to enhance coordination and capabilities.  Military collaboration between the two countries is a result of growing high-level trust and consistent efforts by both sides to broaden the ways in which the US and India can work together. Consul General of US Consulate at Hyderabad, Katherine Hadda addressed the soldiers at the closing ceremony.

    Indian Navy to acquire 6 lethal submarines under Project-75 India at Rs 50,000 crore

    6 April 2019
    Under Project 75-India, the Navy wants to build six conventional diesel-electric submarines which would be almost 50 per cent bigger than the under-construction Scorpene class submarines being built at the Mazagon Dockyards Limited in Mumbai. The submarines should have the ability to carry and launch 18 heavyweight torpedoes in the sea. For the Indian Navy, the Project 75I-class submarine is a follow-on of the Project 75 Kalvari-class submarines. The submarines will be equipped with heavy-duty firepower as it wants the boats to have at least 12 Land Attack Cruise Missiles (LACM) along with Anti-Ship cruise missiles (ASCM).

    US approved to sell 24 'Romeo' Seahawk helicopters to India for USD 2.4 billion

    4 April 2019
    The US has approved the sale of 24 multi-role MH-60 'Romeo' Seahawk helicopters to India at an estimated cost of $2.6 billion. The Lockheed Martin-built helicopters are designed for hunting submarines, targeting ships, and conducting search-and-rescue operations at sea. It is considered the world's most advanced maritime helicopter. The helicopters are currently deployed with the US Navy. These helicopters would replenish India's aging fleet of British-made Sea King helicopters.

    GRSE becomes 'first' Indian shipyard to deliver 100 warships

    1 April 2019
    Garden Reach Ship Builders and Engineers Ltd (GRSE) became the "first Indian shipyard" to build and deliver 100 warships. GRSE Chairman and Managing Director, Rear Admiral (Retd) V K Saxena, formally handed over the 100th warship -- 'IN LCU L-56' -- to the Indian Navy. In the last 59 years, the company has built around 780 platforms, including 100 warships to the Indian Navy, the Coast Guard, and the Mauritius Coast Guard. About GRSE: GRSE - Garden Reach Ship Builders and Engineers Ltd. It is one of India's leading shipyards. Located in: Kolkata, West Bengal. Founded: 1884

    Defence ministry inducted LCU L56, its 6th transport ship

    1 April 2019
    The defence ministry has inducted an indigenously designed and built transport ship has been inducted into the Indian Navy. Landing Craft Utility (LCU) L56 is the sixth ship of LCU Mk-IV class to be inducted into the Indian Navy. Amphibious operations capability including transport of troops, tanks, and equipment will get enhanced with the addition of this LCU which will be based at Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The ship is commanded by Lt Cdr Gopinath Narayan and has a complement of five officers and 50 sailors. Indian Navy: ♦ Part of: Indian Armed Forces ♦ Indian Navy Day: 4th December ♦ Chief of the Naval Staff: Admiral Sunil Lanba ♦ Vice Chief of the Naval Staff: Vice Admiral Ajit Kumar ♦ Supreme Commander: President of India ♦ Aim: To safeguard the nation's maritime borders, and in conjunction with other Armed Forces of the union

    Air Marshal NS Dhillon to be designated as new Strategic Forces Command (SFC) Chief

    1 April 2019
    Fighter pilot Air Marshal Navkaranjit Singh Dhillon has been appointed as the new Strategic Forces Command Chief.  He will succeed in Jasbir Walia. He was commissioned as a fighter pilot in the Indian Air Force on December 1981. He has experience as a Commanding officer in MiG-21 Sqn and as a Chief Operating Officer of a premier flying base.

    Indian Army inducted 4 indigenous Dhanush Howitzer guns

    31 March 2019
    Indian Army inducted 4 indigenous Dhanush Howitzer guns. The induction of Dhanush Howitzer guns gives major fire-power boost to the Indian Armed Forces. Dhanush Howitzers Long Range Artillery Guns are the first ever indigenous 155 mm x 45 calibre long-range artillery guns. Dhanush Long Range Artillery Guns are equipped with inertial navigation-based sighting system, auto-laying facility, on-board ballistic computation and an advanced day and night direct firing system. The self-propulsion unit on Dhanush allows the gun to negotiate and deploy itself in mountainous terrains with ease. Dhanush is also electronically upgraded to enhance firing accuracies, laying speeds of the existing gun and to provide compatibility with various kinds of ammunition as well. 

    Vice Admiral MA Hampiholi, AVSM, NM to be designated as Director General Naval Operations (DGNO)

    29 March 2019
    Vice Admiral MA Hampiholi, AVSM NM has been appointed as Director General Naval Operations (DGNO). He will succeed Satish Namdeo Ghormade.  He was commissioned in the Executive Branch of the Indian Navy on 1st July 1985. The Flag Officer has experience as Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) specialist officer at onboard INShips Himgiri, Agray,and Ganga. He has experience as a Commanding officer in INS Nashak (missile vessel), INS Magar {Landing Ship Tank (Large)} and INS Talwar (stealth Frigate), Second-in-Command of INS Khukri (Missile Corvette). He commanded the National Coast Guard, Mauritius for two years (2003 – 05) and served as Commanding Officer of INS Mandovi.

    AUSINDEX to be held off the coast of Vishakhapatnam from April 2 to 16th

    27 March 2019
    Third Installment of the Joint Naval Exercise of India and Australia AUSINDEX is to be held off the coast of Vishakhapatnam from April 2 to 16. The joint exercise will focus on anti-submarine warfare, as part of efforts to ramp up bilateral naval cooperation in the strategic Indian Ocean region.  AUSINDEX 2019 From the Australian side, HMAS Canberra (landing helicopter dock), Auxiliary Oiler Replenishment vessel, two frigates, HMAS Newcastle and HMAS Parramatta and P81 and P8 maritime patrol aircraft, will be involved in the exercise. A Kilo-class submarine, land-based Hawk aircraft that will provide the air attack element for the exercise, a Kamorta class anti-submarine vessel, besides a stealth destroyer will lead the Indian deployment for the exercise.  The exercise will feature the deployment of Australian personnel on Indian ships and vice versa. The area of the exercise will be within 200 miles of Vishakhapatnam.  Over 1000 Australian defence personnel will take part. Australia has also proposed logistics sharing pact with India.

    LIMA 2019 Aero Expo held in Langkawi, Malaysia

    27 March 2019
    Langkawi International Maritime Aero Expo (LIMA-2019) is held in Langkawi, Malaysia from 26 March 2019 to 30 March 2019. The event, that takes place once every two years, is one of the largest maritime and aerospace exhibitions in the Asia-Pacific. It is established in 1991. Indian Air Force (IAF) is participating in the Maritime Aero Expo for the first time, during which it will showcase its indigenously developed LCA fighter aircraft, Tejas. The anti submarine warfare corvette INS Kadmatt also participate in LIMA 2019. About Malaysia: ♦ Capital : Kuala Lumpur ♦ Currency : Ringgit ♦ Prime Minister : Mahathir Bin Mohammed

    IAF formally inducted four heavy-lift Chinook helicopters

    26 March 2019
    On the lines of Indo-US deal inked in September 2015 for the purchase of 15 Chinooks by India, the first four heavy lift CH-47F (I) Chinook helicopters were inducted in the Indian Air Force, at Air Force Station, Chandigarh, in Squadron No 126 Helicopter Flight. These multi-role helicopters will act as life-saver during HADR (humanitarian assistance and disaster relief) missions. Regarded as one of the most modern heavy lift chopper, the payload capacity of Chinook is about 10 tonne, as it is able to lift artillery, vehicles, road construction and engineer equipment as well as troops and supplies to mountainous sectors. It can also lift M-777 ultra-light howitzers of the Indian armed forces. India has purchased 15 Chinooks for $1.5 billion. The delivery of remaining helicopters is expected to be completed by 2023.

    HAL rolled out 16th Tejas fighter for IAF fleet

    26 March 2019
    The Indian Air Force (IAF) ordered 40 Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas fighter from the Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL).  The State-run Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) has rolled out its 16th Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas fighter in the initial operational clearance (IOC) configuration to be inducted into the fleet of the Indian Air Force (IAF). Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL): ♦ Industry type: Aerospace and Defence ♦ Founded in: 1940 (as Hindustan Aircraft), (Renamed Hindustan Aeronautics in 1964) ♦ Headquarters: Bangalore, Karnataka, India ♦ Managed by: Indian Ministry of Defence ♦ Chairman and MD: R.Madhavan ♦ Products: Transport aircraft, Fighter aircraft, Helicopters

    NBCTF was inaugurated at INS Shivaji

    26 March 2019
    The Indian Navy’s Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Training Facility (NBCTF) was inaugurated at INS Shivaji by Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Sunil Lanba in Lonavala, Maharashtra. The NBCTF, christened ‘Abhedya’, Sanskrit for impenetrable, will help train personnel of naval ships fitted with nuclear, biological and chemical detection and protection systems.  Admiral Lanba also launched the INS Shivaji’s website on the Indian Navy portal and released the platinum jubilee logo, with the theme ‘Propelling the Indian Navy since 1945’. INS Shivaji is celebrating its platinum jubilee in 2019-20. INS Shivaji: ♦ Type: Naval Station, Technical Training Establishment ♦ Located in: Lonavala, Maharashtra     ♦ Owner: Government of India ♦ Operator: Indian Navy ♦ Built in: 15 February 1945 ♦ In use: 1945 – present ♦ Commander: Commodore K Srinivas

    Operation Sunrise: India and Myanmar jointly destroy insurgents camps

    24 March 2019
    The Indian and Myanmar’s armies have, in a coordinated operation, destroyed at least 10 camps belonging to an insurgent group in Myanmar, which had become a threat to India’s mega Kaladan Project in the neighbouring country. The military action carried out was codenamed Operation Sunrise. About Kaladan project: ♦ The Kaladan project connects Sittwe Port in Myanmar to the India-Myanmar border. ♦ The project was jointly initiated by India and Myanmar to create a multi-modal platform for cargo shipments from the eastern ports to Myanmar and to the North-eastern parts of the country through Myanmar.

    Defence Ministry clears proposal to buy 10 lakh 'Made in India' hand grenades for Army

    23 March 2019
    The Rs 500 crore proposal comes shortly after the Defence Ministry cleared the acquisition of assault rifles and signed a joint venture with Russia to manufacture AK-203 rifles for the infantry units of the Indian Army. The new hand grenades will replace the existing inventory, HE-36 grenades manufactured by the Ordnance Factory Board. The multi-mode grenades have been developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). Recently, the government also signed a contract worth Rs 700 crore for procurement of 70,000 Sig Sauer assault rifles with a US manufacturer.

    India and Sri Lanka to conduct joint military exercise Mitra Shakti VI

    22 March 2019
    India and Sri Lanka is to conduct joint military exercise Mitra Shakti VI from 26 March to 8 April at Sri Lanka.  At the Military Exercise Mitra Shakti VI India would be represented by the Bihar Regiment. Gemunu Watch Battalion of Sri Lankan Army will be representing the Sri Lankan side. The exercise aims to build and promote close relations between armies of both the countries and to enhance the ability of joint exercise commander to take military contingents of both nations under command. The exercise also involves tactical level operations in an international Counter Insurgency and Counter Terrorist environment under the United Nations mandate.  Sri Lanka: ♦ President: Maithripala Sirisena ♦ Prime Minister: Ranil Wickremesinghe ♦ Capital: Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte ♦ Official languages: Sinhala, Tamil ♦ Currency: Sri Lankan rupee (LKR)

    IND INDO CORPAT 2019 was inaugurated at Port Blair

    21 March 2019
    The 33rd edition of India-Indonesia coordinated patrol (IND-INDO CORPAT) was inaugurated at Port Blair, Andaman & Nicobar Islands. The IND-INDO CORPAT 2019 is held from 19 Mar to 04Apr 2019.  Navies of both countries have been carrying out coordinated patrolling twice a year since 2002 in an effort to keep the Indian Ocean region (IOR) safe and secure for commercial shipping and international trade.  It also enhances mutual understanding and interoperability between the two navies.  IND-INDO CORPAT 2019  From the Indonesian Side Naval Ship, KRI Sultan Thaha Syaifuddin and Maritime Patrol Aircraft CN-235 are taking part. Commodore Ashutosh Ridhorkar, Naval Component Commander, Andaman and Nicobar Command is leading the Indian side. During the exercise ships and aircraft from both the countries would undertake the patrolling on the respective sides of 236 nautical miles long International Maritime Boundary line.

    Vijit becomes the first Indian Coast Guard ship to visit Indonesia

    19 March 2019
    This visit of the coast guard ship follows from the first-ever-visit of Naval Ship INS Sumitra to Sabang in July 2018. Vijit's visit to Sabang, Indonesia, also highlights strengthening cooperation in the area of maritime security and safety between New Delhi and Jakarta. ICGS Vijit is the 2nd in the series of 90 meter Offshore Patrol Vessels and was commissioned at Goa on 11 Dec 2010. 'Vijit' meaning "Winner or Victorious" is the testimony of India's shipbuilding capabilities and the resolve of Govt of India to safeguard country's maritime interests.

    UNEA has adopted two resolutions piloted by India

    19 March 2019
    The United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) has adopted two resolutions piloted by India on single-use plastics and sustainable nitrogen management. The resolutions were passed at the fourth session of the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) which was held in Nairobi. The theme of the fourth session of UNEA was Innovative Solutions for environmental challenges and sustainable production and consumption.  United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA): ♦ UNEA is the world’s highest-level decision-making body on the environment ♦ It addresses the critical environmental challenges facing the world today ♦ It was created in June 2012

    Joint military exercise, Sary Arka Antiterror 2019, to be held in Uzbekistan

    19 March 2019
    The decision to hold Sary-Arka-Antiterror 2019, the first joint military exercise of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) was announced at the during the 34th meeting of the RATS council held in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. The exercise is to be held Sary Arka, Kazakhstan. RATS Council: ♦ The Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is a permanent organ which serves to promote cooperation of member states against three evils of terrorism, separatism, and extremism ♦ RATS was established in June 2004 Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO): ♦ SCO is a permanent intergovernmental international organisation aimed at strengthening mutual trust and neighbourliness among the member states ♦ SCO was created in 1996 of which the China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, and Tajikistan were members ♦ Later Uzbekistan was admitted to the grouping ♦ In 2001 the declaration of SCO was signed ♦ In 2015 India and Pakistan were admitted to the grouping and they joined the grouping officially in 2017

    Indian Navy stand behind the cyclone hit Mozambique

    19 March 2019
    India decides to divert three Indian naval ships to the port city of Beira in Mozambique to provide humanitarian assistance to the people affected by tropical cyclone ‘#IDAI’. The coastal city of Beira on Friday, 15 March. The city's power grid has currently crashed, the airport has been shut and most roads are inaccessible. The Indian Navy diverted ships to the African country for humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HADR) work. The Navy Spokesperson tweeted about the mission and on being the first-respondents for disaster relief.

    Second Scorpene submarine Khanderi ready for induction

    18 March 2019
    The Navy is set to induct the second Scorpene submarine Khanderi by early May. The remaining submarines in the series are in advanced stages of manufacturing and trials. Khanderi was launched into the water in January 2017 and has since been undergoing a series of trials.  Also, the fourth submarine Vela is ready to be launched into the water for trials around the same time depending on the ocean tide.  Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL), Mumbai, is manufacturing six Scorpene submarines under technology transfer from Naval Group of France under a 2005 contract worth $3.75 bn. After a series of delays in the project, the first submarine of the class Kalvari joined service in December 2017. The entire project is expected to be completed by 2020.

    AFINDEX 2019 held at Pune

    17 March 2019
    Africa-India Joint Field Training Exercise (AFINDEX-19) between the Indian Army and 16 African nations will be conducted in Pune from March 18 to 27. The joint exercise would be held at Pune's Foreign Training Node at Aundh Military Station and College of Military Engineering in Kirkee.  Features of AFINDEX-19: ♦ 10 personnel, each from the participating nations from the African continent and personnel of Maratha Light Infantry of the Indian Army will participate in the joint exercise ♦ The exercise aims to train the participating contingents in Humanitarian Mine Assistance (HMA) and Peace Keeping Operations (PKO) under the United Nations Charter through practical ♦ Contingents from Egypt, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, South Africa, Tanzania, Namibia, Mozambique, Uganda, Niger & Zambia are part of the joint exercise together with officers from Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo and Madagascar as Observers

    Erode Turmeric received GI tag

    17 March 2019
    Erode Turmeric has finally received GI tag from the Geographical Indication Registry. Erode is the city in the state of Tamil Nadu. The product to acquire GI tag has to indicate that a product of a particular origin has a certain quality or reputation or some other characteristics, which is essentially attributable to its geographical origin. The uniqueness of the Erode Turmeric: ♦ Erode Turmeric is golden yellow in colour with resistance to pests after boiling ♦ Erode turmeric contains 2.5 to 4.5% of curcumin content ♦ Erode Turmeric is grown in hot moist conditions prevalent in the area with temperature ranging from 20 degrees to 37.9 degrees Celsius with an average of 600 to 800 mm rainfall in a year Geographical Indication defines the goods as originating in the territory of a country or a region or locality in that territory, provided a given quality reputation or other characteristics of the product are attributable to its geographical origin.

    Joint exercises to be conducted by US army and NSG in Hyderabad

    16 March 2019
    The US military forces and the Indian National Security Guard (NSG) is conducting joint exercises in Hyderabad. This would be a part of the US-India security partnership. The aim of these exercises is to enhance preparedness and tackle any crisis that affects the public health and safety. The exercise is witnessing participation by the 1st Battalion and the 1st Special Forces Group (Airborne) stationed out of Okinawa, Japan. The exercise will be overseen from the US Embassy, New Delhi and US Special Operations Pacific Command at Camp HM Smith in Hawaii.

    DRDO developed a range of Casualty Combat drugs

    13 March 2019
    The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed a range of combat drugs that can extend the golden hour till the soldier or an armoured unit is shifted to hospital after an attack. This range of drugs can bring down the death toll.  The spectrum includes bleeding wound sealants, super absorptive dressings, and glycerinated salines. It can save lives in the event of warfare in the jungle and high altitude areas as well as in terror attacks.  These medicines ensure that soldiers do not suffer from unwanted blood loss while being taken to better healthcare from war zones. This range of casualty drugs is aimed at enhancing the chances of survival and minimum disability by providing effective first aid care within the golden hour. Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO): ♦ Formed on: 1958 ♦ Headquarters: New Delhi ♦ Minister responsible: Nirmala Sitharaman ♦ Parent: Ministry of Defence ♦ It is charged with the military's research and development

    India stands worlds 2nd largest arms importer says SIPRI

    12 March 2019
    According to the latest report published by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), India was the world’s second largest importer of major arms in 2014–18 and accounted for 9.5% of the global total. Saudi Arabia which holds the long-held tag as largest importer accounted for 12% of the total imports during the period.  Russia accounted for 58% of Indian arms imports in 2014–18, compared with 76% in 2009-13. Israel, the U.S., and France all increased their arms exports to India in 2014-18. The Russian share in Indian imports is likely to sharply go up for the next five-year period as India signed several deals including S-400 air defence systems, four stealth frigates, AK-203 assault rifles, a second nuclear attack submarine on the lease, and deals for Kamov-226T utility helicopters, Mi-17 helicopters, and short-range air defence systems.

    Pinaka guided rocket system successfully test fired

    12 March 2019
    Defence Research and Development organisation, DRDO successfully test fired the PINAKA guided WEAPON rocket system from Pokhran range in Rajasthan. This indigenously developed Guided PINAKA by DRDO will significantly boost the capability of the artillery to make precision hits. Pinaka is a multiple rocket launcher produced in India for the Indian Army. Pinaka saw service during the Kargil War, where it was successful in neutralising enemy positions on the mountain tops.

    Red Flag 2019 Aerial Exercise began in United States

    10 March 2019
    Red Flag is US Air Force’s premier air-to-air combat training exercise. It was launched in 1975. 12-day long Red Flag 2019 has started at Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada, United States. It is scheduled from 3rd to 16th March 2019. Air forces from US, United Arab Emirates, Belgium, Netherlands, Singapore and Saudi Arabia, participate in this exercise. India has participated in it for two times in 2008 and 2016.

    China hikes defence budget to USD 177.61 billion, turns second highest spender

    10 March 2019
    China has increased its defence budget by 7.5 per cent for this year, hiking it to USD 177.61 billion from last year's USD 175 billion. It is over three times India's defence budget. With this increase, China becomes the highest defence spender on defence after the United States. India's defence budget this year was increased by 6.87 per cent to Rs 3.18 lakh crore against last year's allocation of Rs 2.98 lakh crore.

    Defence Ministry announced that permanent commission for women in Indian Army

    8 March 2019
    The Defence Ministry announced that permanent commission will be granted for Women in all the 10 branches of Indian Army. The extension of Permanent Commission to Women will provide women with a career in the Army till their retirement. The Short Service Commission entails an opportunity to serve as a Commissioned Officer for 10/14 years. At the end of 10 yrs, 3 options will be provided, either elect for a Permanent Commission or opt out or have the option of 4 years extension.  The Women Officers will now get a permanent commission in branches such as signals, engineers, army aviation, army air defence, electronics, and mechanical engineers, army service corps, army ordnance corps, and intelligence. The Defence Ministry had earlier approved permanent commission for women in all branches of Air Force including fighter pilots.

    March 1 2019 observed as World civil defence day

    7 March 2019
    World Civil Defence Day is observed on 1st March every year, all over the world. The theme of this year’s World Civil Defence Day was “Children’s safety, our responsibility”. This day was incorporated in 1990 by the International Civil Defence Organisation (ICDO). The day marks the entry into force of the ICDO Constitution as an intergovernmental organisation in 1972 and has two main purposes: The attention of the world public the vital importance of Civil Protection and of raising awareness of the preparedness for, and prevention and self-protection measures in the event of accidents or disasters.

    Sampriti 2019, joint military exercise between India and Bangladesh, began on 3rd March

    5 March 2019
    Sampriti 2019, the eight edition of India Bangladesh joint military exercise began on 3rd March 2019. The joint exercise is aimed to increase mutual cooperation between the armies of India and Bangladesh. Sampriti 2019:  ♦ Sampriti 2019 is hosted by Bangladesh at Tangail will be held till March 15 ♦ Bangladesh is represented by 36 East Bengal Battalion and India side is represented by 9th Battalion the Rajputana Rifles ♦ The exercise is aimed at increasing mutual cooperation, bonhomie and camaraderie between the two armies through interoperability and joint tactical exercises ♦ During the exercise, both sides will jointly train, plan and execute a series of well developed tactical drills for neutralization of likely threats that may be encountered during simulated UN peacekeeping operations ♦ During the joint military exercise experts from both sides also hold discussions to share each other's experiences in varied topics for mutual benefits

    Mainamati Maitree Exercise 2019 held betweens BSF and BGB

    2 March 2019
    Border Security Force (BSF) and Border Guards Bangladesh (BGB) concluded a three-day Mainamati Maitree Exercise 2019 as a part of confidence-building measures between the two border guards. The exercise was held in Comilla district of Bangladesh. The objective of Mainamati Maitree Exercise 2019 was to plan and conduct anti-smuggling and anti-criminal activity related operations with an aim to achieve better joint operational efficiency and border management in the area. The exercise involved joint patrolling, anti-smuggling drills, simulated raids on suspected places in both the countries and checking of goods and identity at international check posts. 

    India-Bangladesh joint military exercise 'Sampriti 2019' will be held in Tangail

    1 March 2019
    Exercise Sampriti 2019 will be held from 2nd March to 15th March at Tangail in Bangladesh. It will be the eighth edition of the exercise which is hosted alternately by both countries. Joint Exercise ‘Sampriti 2019’ was first held in Assam in 2011.

    India has successfully test fired 2 indigenously developed QRSAM

    28 February 2019
    India has successfully test-fired two indigenously developed Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air missiles (QRSAM) from a test range at Chandipur in Odisha's Balasore district. The missile is an all-weather, all-terrain missile with electronic countermeasures against jamming by aircraft radars. QRSAM uses solid-fuel propellant. Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missiles ♦ The missile is an all-weather, all-terrain missile with electronic countermeasures against jamming by aircraft radars ♦ QRSAM uses solid-fuel propellant and has a range of 25-30 km  ♦ QRSAM has been developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) in association with Bharat Electronics Limited and Bharat Dynamics Limited as a replacement to Osa-AK and Kvadrat missile systems ♦ This was the third test firing of QRSAM ♦ The first test firing was done on June 4, 2017, and the second on July 14, 2018

    DAC approved purchase of defence equipment worth Rs 2,700 crore

    28 February 2019
    Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) granted approval for procurement of three cadet training ships for the Indian Navy, which would be utilised to provide basic sea training for officer cadets including women officer under trainees. DAC meeting was chaired by Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman. DAC is the highest decision-making body for defence purchases.

    Cobra Gold military exercise was held in Thailand

    25 February 2019
    The annual Cobra Gold military exercise was hosted by Thailand and the United States. It is the biggest activity of its type in the Asia-Pacific region with 29 nations taking part as participants or observers.  Apart from the 2 countries, 7 countries who participated in the exercise were India, Singapore, Japan, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, and South Korea. In total 9 countries participated. The Indian Army participated in the military training exercise with a 14-member contingent. India participated in this exercise for the first time in the ‘Observer Plus’ category in 2016 alongside China.

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