Current Affairs 26th September 2016 - Banking, SSC, UPSC Affairs

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India and United States (US) Joint Military Training Exercise Yudh Abhyas 2016 concluded at the Chaubattia Military Station in Ranikhet, Uttarakhand.  The bilateral military exercise was the twelfth edition in the YudhAbhyas series which started in the year 2004 under US Army Pacific Partnership Program. This was the third time the exercise is being conducted at Chaubattia in Uttarakhand. The YudhAbhyas 2016 aimed at strengthening and broadening the inter-operability and cooperation between the Indian and US armies.  It had witnessed Field Training Exercises of Brigade Headquarter based Command Post Exercise and also discussions on issues of mutual interest by experts of both countries. It provided an ideal platform for the personnel of the two countries to share their experiences on counter insurgency and counter terrorist operations, especially in the mountainous terrain.  Exercise curriculum was planned progressively in which participants were initially made to get familiar with each other’s organizational structure, equipment, weapons, and tactical drills. Both the armies in joint drills of the training had coherently practiced advanced to joint tactical exercises.  The Joint Drills included Room Intervention, Cordon and Search in Counter Terrorist Operations, Reflex Shooting, Jungle Lane Shooting, Long Range Firing and Cliff Assault Techniques.  The bilateral training culminated after final validation exercise in which all the learning mutually imparted by both armies was put to test on ground. Troops were inducted by helicopters into a notional hostile area to neutralize terrorists, as part of the exercise.

India’s largest civilian research and development agency Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) celebrated its platinum jubilee. The platinum jubilee celebrations were inaugurated by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi who is also the President of CSIR.  PM Modi also released seven new plant varieties developed at CSIR laboratories. He also witnessed exclusive CSIR Showcase on major technological contributions of CSIR. Besides, prestigious Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prizes was presented to eminent scientists on the occasion along with other CSIR awards. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) :  CSIR is an autonomous body and the largest research and development (R&D) organisation in India.  It became operational on 26 September 1942. It operates as an autonomous body registered under the Registration of Societies Act of 1860.  It is mainly funded by the Union Ministry of Science and Technology. CSIR’s R&D activities include aerospace engineering, ocean sciences, structural engineering, metallurgy, life sciences, chemicals, mining, food, petroleum, leather, and environment.

India’s Pinky Balhara has won bronze medal in the sporting event of kurash at the 5th Asian Beach Games held at Da Nang, Vietnam.  She won the medal in women’s 52kg category after she lost to Nguyen Thi Thanh Thuy of Vietnam in the semifinals. Vietnam’s Nguyen Thi Thanh Thuy won the gold medal in this event while another Vietnamese Nguyen Thi Quynh won the silver medal.  To participate in the 5th Asian Beach Games, India had sent a contingent of 208 members. The athletes will participate in 13 sporting disciplines which include Kabaddi, Swimming, Handball, Pencak Silat, Kurash, Woodball, Sambo, Ju-Jitsu, Pentaque, Sepaktakraw, Shuttlecock, Voninam and Muay Thai. Kurash Kurash : Kurash Kurash is a form of wrestling that had originated from Uzbekistan. In this game, two opponents wear a green and a blue jacket. The participants try to throw the other on the ground. If a player throws down his opponent backward, then he is declared victorious. If the opponent is thrown to one side, then the points are awarded.

German tennis player Alexander Zverev has defeated Stan Wawrinka to win his first tour title in the St. Petersburg Open final on 25 September 2016. Zverev defeated Wawrinka by 6-2, 3-6, 7-5 to win the title. With this, Zverev becomes the first man to beat Wawrinka in a tour final since 2013. The loss also ends a 10-match unbeaten run for Wawrinka. St. Petersburg Open : The St. Petersburg Open is a professional men's tennis tournament played on indoor hard courts. It is a part of the ATP World Tour 250 series of the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) World Tour. The tournament has been held annually at the Petersburg Sports and Concert Complex in St. Petersburg, Russia, since 1995.2002 Australian Open champion Thomas Johansson, former World No. 1 Marat Safin and Andy Murray are the only players to have won the singles titles more than once. Milos Raonic was the winner of the 2015 St Petersburg Open Men’s Singles title.  

US golfer Arnold Palmer passed away on 25 September 2016 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania due to heart complications. He was 87. Palmer is generally regarded as one of the greatest players in professional golf history. Arnold Palmer :  Born on 10 September 2016, Arnold Palmer was an American professional golfer.He learned golf from his father, who had suffered from polio at a young age. He attended Wake Forest College on a golf scholarship.He won numerous events on both the PGA Tour and Champions Tour, dating back to 1955.He was nicknamed as The King.  He was a part of The Big Three in golf during the 1960s, along with Jack Nicklaus and Gary Player.He is also credited by many for securing the status of The Open Championship (British Open) among U.S. players.Major events won by him are The Masters (1958, 1960, 1962, 1964), the U.S. Open (1960) and the Open Championship (1961, 1962). In 1960, he won the Hickok Belt as the top professional athlete of the year and Sports Illustrated magazine's Sportsman of the Year award.He won the PGA Tour Lifetime Achievement Award in 1998. He was one of the 13 original inductees into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1974.

China has officially launched the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Telescope (FAST) in a mountainous region of Guizhou province on 25 September 2016. The telescope was launched to hunt for extraterrestrial life and explore space. Highlights  :  The FAST is a radio telescope located in the Dawodang depression, a natural basin in Pingtang County, Guizhou Province, southwest China.It consists of a fixed 500 m dish constructed in a natural depression in the landscape.It is the world's largest filled aperture (single dish) radio telescope. It is the second largest radio telescope after the Russian RATAN-600.  The final cost of the project is 180 million US dollars.Construction on the FAST project began in 2011 and was completed in July 2016.The chief scientist of the project is Nan Rendong.It has a fixed primary reflector located in a natural hollow in the landscape, focusing radio waves on a receiver suspended 140 m above it.The reflector is made of perforated aluminium panels supported by a mesh of steel cables hanging from the rim. Its surface is made of 4450 triangular panels, 11 m on a side, in the form of a geodesic dome. It is capable of pointing anywhere within ±40° from the zenith.  

The Tamil Nadu government has issued orders to set up 'Amma Free Wi-Fi' zones in 50 places across the state . To implement the Free Wi-Fi zone scheme as announced in the party manifesto, Chief Minister Jayalalithaa issued orders to set up Amma Wi-Fi zone in 50 spots, comprising larger bus terminuses, commercial complexes and parks . Similarly, higher secondary school and college students would also be given free access to internet as per the poll promise . In the first phase, 50 schools will be covered at a cost of Rs 10 crore. 

India host the sixth Brics meeting on Agriculture and Agrarian Development from September 22, and deliberate on priority areas of cooperation between the five countries of the bloc.  The discussion will centre around five priority areas of cooperation in the Brics (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) Action Plan for 2012-2016. The areas of cooperation include creating basic agricultural information exchange system, strategy for ensuring access to food for the most vulnerable population, reducing negative impact of climate change on food security and adaptation of agriculture to climatic changes, enhancing agricultural technology cooperation and innovation, trade and investment promotion. Detailed discussions will also be held on the Brics Agricultural Research Centre, which is likely to be set up in India. The proposed Centre is expected to work on Agricultural Science, Policy Research and Development Extension, Technology Transfer, Training and Capacity Building and Scientific Information Sharing. The agenda of the Brics meetings has considerably widened over the years encompassing global issues such as climate change, food and energy security, Strategic Development Goals (SDGs) and International Economic and Financial Situation among others.Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy of Brics being the major producers, consumers and exporters of agricultural, horticultural and meat products. Brics countries enjoy strength in the form of knowledge, expertise and research facilities and capabilities in agriculture. These strengths need to be converged and galvanized for ensuring global food security. India assumed the Presidency of Brics countries this year and has been hosting a number of mega level meetings in different sectors at the ministerial and official level. The Brics summit is scheduled to be held in Goa on October 15-16.  

According to the scientists and wildlife conservationists, the National Waterways (NW) project possesses serious environmental threat to Gangetic river dolphins.  The development NW1 in the River Ganga is considered as single-largest threat to the survival of the species, whose numbers are declining in most parts of their natural habitat. River dolphins are found in Ganga and Brahmaputra and its tributaries.  It has been declared endangered species and is protected under Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. This fresh water dolphin species are practically blind. They rely on bio-sonar method to move around and catch their prey.  It is the National Aquatic Animal of India. Construction of dams and barrages which hinders the natural flow of the rivers is the main reason considered for decline in the population of Gangetic river dolphin. Besides, pollution and lack of awareness also causes decline in their population.  Loss of habitat due to increased developmental work, depletion of prey base, accidental mortality in fishing nets and accidents with vessel propellers are also some anthropogenic threats. The ships’ noise-levels also disrupt the ability to navigate and find prey. India has a huge untapped potential of inland waterways. To tap this potential the Central Government has planned to develop National Waterway 1, World Bank-aided 1600-km waterway project in River Ganga between Allahabad and Haldia for inland transportation.  It has potential to emerge as the logistics artery for northern India and improve navigability of the River Ganga as it passes through Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal. To tackle threat to dolphins, Union Ministry of Environment and Forest Conservation in 2016 had launched Endangered Species Recovery Plans for four species of global importance. During the development of NWs, some measures will be listed such as safeguards, mentioned issues like minimising dredging. Movement of cargo vessels will be restricted through protected habitat areas through river, monitoring systems and sound mufflers will be installated to reduce underwater noise. Nesting grounds, breeding and spawning grounds of dolphins will be identified and development projects activity will be minimised in those areas.

Five Indian cities have been named among the top 100 destination cities globally, with Mumbai and Chennai registering at least 1 million overnight visitors in 2016. According to the sixth annual Mastercard Global Destinations Cities Index released today, the five have made it to the top 100 destination cities for 2016. Mumbai was ranked at 27 while Chennai was placed at the 30th position. Delhi came in at 48, Kolkata (62), along withPune (91).  Mumbai and Chennai stand out as the fastest growing destination cities globally with at least 1 million overnight visitors in 2016. Mumbai further consolidated its position as the only Indian city to enter Asia Pacific's Top 10 Destination Cities in terms of international overnight visitors in 2016.  On the five Indian cities making the cut, Bhatnagar said, "This trend also projects a huge potential for Indian cities to develop as global hubs for investment in terms of business and tourism alike."  Meanwhile, Bangkok has emerged as the leading destination city by international overnight visitor arrivals.  According to the study, Bangkok is projected to receive 21.47 million international overnight visitors in 2016, just ahead of the second-ranked London.  Asia makes up half of the global top 10 -- Bangkok, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Tokyo and Seoul  and seven of the top 10 fastest growing destination cities  Osaka, Chengdu, Colombo, Tokyo, Taipei, Xi'an and Xiamen.  The Mastercard Global Destinations Cities Index provides more than a ranking of the 132 most visited cities around the world. It projects visitor volume and spend estimates for the 2016 while delivering a deeper understanding of how people travel and spend around the world.

Rajasthan becomes the first state to adopt Centre's Street Lighting National Programme (SLNP) in all its urban local bodies (ULB). Almost 5 lakh conventional streetlights have been replaced with LED streetlights across the state. The project has been funded byEnergy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a public energy services company under the administration of Union ministry of power at no cost to the state. In Ajmer, over 33,000 lamps have been replaced, with an investment of over Rs 14 crore by EESL. The project here has benefited Ajmer with reduction in peak load of 58% which translates to over 4.6 million units of energy saved per annum and over 3.7 crore in monetary savings. Through implementation of this project energy savings achieved so far have been 152 million units, and cost saving to the municipality of Rs 60 lakh daily. This has also resulted in reduction of 225 tonne of CO2 per day, claimed state government employees. SLNP was launched on January 5, 2015, as part of which 3.5 crore conventional streetlights will be replaced with smart and energy efficient LED street lights by March 2019. "With LED streetlights, we can ensure bright streets with less dark spots at upto 60% less energy consumption.  EESL conducts appropriate quality checks right from the bidding stage to the field level. This has resulted in the LEDs' overall technical fault being less than 2% in the 13 lakh lights installed by EESL in the country. In the approach of the Smart Cities Mission, the objective is to promote cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens, a clean and sustainable environment and application of 'Smart' Solutions.

Chandigarh Administration and French Development Agency (AFD) signed a memorandum of understanding (MoUs) on Chandigarh Smart City Project and 'Technical Cooperation' in the field of Sustainable Urban Mobility.  The MoUs were signed by K K Jindal, Secretary Transport, Chandigarh Administration and Minister Counsellor, Embassy of France in India, Jean Marc FENET and Director French Development Agency, Nicolas Fornage. FENET assured the Chandigarh Administration that the Indo-French partnership will continue to address the issues pertaining to Smart City Project (SCP) to achieve the vision of making Chandigarh a healthy, happy and happening city. During an Indo-French workshop, Fornage highlighted the ongoing cooperation of the agency in areas of smart funds and smart ideas that can help Chandigarh Administration in reaching closer to its goals. He emphasized on the AFD's assistance to implement Smart City project by providing recommendations on institutional operational and financial structuring of the project and by organizing workshop between experts and Chandigarh authorities.  Baldeo Purushartha, Commissioner Municipal Corporation-cum-Nodal officer Smart City said theChandigarh Administration aims to make the city a vibrant and unique regional center and leader in livability, sustainability, equality and innovation.

Senior IAS officer Arun Goyal has been appointed as Additional Secretary in the Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council.  The Council, headed by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley, is mandated to decide on tax rate, exempted goods and the threshold limit.  The Appointments Committee of Cabinet has approved Goyal's appointment against the newly created post, an order issued by Department of Personnel and Training . Goyal, a 1985 batch IAS officer of Union Territory cadre, is at present working as Additional Secretary, Project Monitoring Group, Cabinet Secretariat.  The Union Cabinet had recently approved appointment of the Secretary (Revenue) as the ex-officio Secretary to the GST council and inclusion of the chairperson, Central Board of Excise and Customs, as a permanent invitee.  The Cabinet had also approved creation of one post of Additional Secretary and four posts of Commissioner in the secretariat. 

Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has successfully launched eight satellites in two different orbits in a single mission on 26 September 2016. These satellites were launched with the PSLV C35 from the first launch pad of the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikotta. The satellites that was carried into space include the primary payload SCATSAT-1 of India, weighing 371 kg, and seven other customer payloads (five foreign and two domestic) together weighing 304 kg during lift off. The weather satellite SCATSAT-1 will be hurled into a polar sun synchronous orbit of 730 kilometer height. The other seven satellites that will be injected into a different orbit as compared to the principal payload are Three smaller payloads from Algeria : Alsat-1B 103 kg, Alsat-2B 110 kg and Alsat Nano 7 kg. They are meant for earth observation, remote sensing and technology demonstration. One from US : Pathfinder-1 of 44 kg. It is a high resolution imaging microsatellite and is owned by BlackSky. One from Canada : NLS-19 of 8 kg developed at University of Toronto, Canada. It is a nano-satellite to experiment reduction of space debris. The other two satellites are from India and they are 1. Pratham : A student-satellite of the IIT, Bombay. It would estimate the total electron count with a resolution of 1km x 1km location grid. 2. PISAT : It is developed by a consortium-led by the PES University in Bengaluru. It would explore remote sensing applications. SCATSAT-1 of India would serve as a continuity mission for the highly acclaimed Oceansat-2 that has completed its operational life. Its data to accurately predict the landfall of the Cyclone Phailin in Odisha coast recently helped avoid major loss of lives as precautionary measures could be taken in advance. As per reports, this will be made possible by shutting down and restarting the fourth and last stage of the vehicle twice during the flight. The ISRO has gained valuable expertise on restarting the engine of the polar synchronous satellite launch vehicle PSLV in space during June 2016 and December 2015. Through them, the scientists of the space agency gained the expertise to use a single launch mission to inject multiple satellites in different orbits altogether. So far, the PSLV has launched 39 remote-sensing satellites of ISRO including the Chandrayaan-1 of 2008 and the Mars mission of 2013-14. Apart from this, it has also launched 74 foreign commercial and university satellites.  

India’s largest pharmaceutical company Sun Pharma has signed deal with International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB) for clinical development Cissampelos pariera (Cipa), India’s first vaccine (drug) for the treatment of dengue.  The partnership between Sun Pharma and ICGEB aims to develop` safe, effective and affordable botanical drug Cipa. Under the deal, Sun Pharma will get access to all the intellectual properties (IP) rights of the drug across 17 countries. ICGEB will establish assay systems for the development of Cipa for the treatment of dengue infection. ICGEB had explored Indian traditional medicine, Ayurveda, to identify plants that could be a source of dengue inhibitory activity In its research it was found that an alcoholic extract prepared from Cissampelos pareira Linn from C. pareira plant inhibits the replication of dengue viruses in living cells in culture. Besides, alcoholic extract showed antipyretic and anti-inflammatory effects and protected mice against dengue infection. International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB) :  ICGEB is an international, nonprofit research organization promoted by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO). It is part of the United Nations System. It was established as a special project of UNIDO, but it became fully autonomous in 1994 and now counts over 60 Member States.  It provides a scientific and educational environment of highest standard and conducts innovative research in life sciences for the benefit of developing countries.  It strengthens the research capability of its Members through training and funding programmes and advisory services. It also represents a comprehensive approach to promoting biotechnology internationally.

The second meeting of the High Level Group of Eminent Experts to strengthen the SAARC Anti-Terrorism Mechanism was held in New Delhi.  Delegations from all eight SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) member countries participated in the conference. SAARC  members are Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Issues of terrorism and the measures to strengthen the SAARC anti-terrorism mechanism were discussed. Besides, other important issues discussed during the meeting included terrorism financing, drugs trafficking and cybercrimes.  The member countries shared their national experiences on various related legislations to counter terrorism. They agreed towards operationalizing the SAARC Drugs Offences Monitoring Desk (SDOMD) and SAARC Terrorist Offences Monitoring Desk (STOMD) in order to strengthen the combat efforts against terrorism.

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has approved a resolution urging quick global implementation of Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban treaty (CTBT) to ban tests of nuclear weapons. The resolution has welcomed progress made towards universalization of the Treaty with 14 votes in favour of it and one abstention (Egypt). The CTBT bans all nuclear explosions for both civilian and military purposes. It was adopted by the UNGA under resolution 50 (1996).  The Treaty will enter into force 180 days after the date of deposit of the instruments of ratification by all. So far, 183 countries have signed the CTBT and 166 States have deposited their instruments of ratification.  The treaty already has a network of monitoring stations but does not have power to go on site to inspect for tests until it enters into force.  But for that, the holdouts among the 44 countries that are designated nuclear capable, the United States, Egypt, China, India, Israel, Iran, North Korea and Pakistan must ratify it.

The first meeting of Goods & Services Tax (GST) Council has decided to exempt businesses with annual turnover below Rs.20 lakh out of the GST net.  The meeting was presided by Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in New Delhi and was attended by Finance ministers of states. Exemption Issue : Threshold for exemption for businesses in Northeastern and hill states will be for annual turnover below Rs.10 lakh and rest of India it will below Rs.20 lakh. The Northeastern and hill states have been accorded special status by the Constitutional Amendment paving the way for the GST. Administrative Control Issue : Consensus was reached on the contentious issue of administrative control over indirect tax assessees. States will have sole jurisdiction over assessees having a turnover of Rs.1.5 crore or less. In case turnover exceeding that limit, the administrative control will be jointly with the central and state governments. The existing 11 lakh service tax assessees will continue to be under the jurisdiction of the Centre. Revenue officials in the States will be trained for assessing assessees in the services sector as GST allows states to also tax services. Compensation formula : The compensation that Central Government will pay to states for losses of revenue because of the transition to GST regime will be routinely, quarterly or bi-monthly. Base Year: The GST Council also agreed to settle 2015-16 as the base year for calculating the compensation

The first military exercise between Russia and Pakistan named Druzhba-2016 (Friendship-2016) has kicked off in Pakistan.  With this, Pakistani Army and Russian Ground Forces (RGF) have come together for the first time in military exercises reflecting growing military ties between two former Cold War rivals. The military exercise is taking place at the Army High Altitude School in northern Pakistan’s Rattu and at a special forces training centre in Cherat.  The two week long joint military drills aims at bolstering and building military cooperation between the two countries.  It will involve experience sharing and develop coordination in carrying out practice combat tasks in a mountainous environment, including operations against illegal armed groups.  About 200 troops from the two countries will take part in the two-week long military drills. Of them around 70 personnel will be from Russia’s Southern Military District (SMD).

Off-spinner Ravichandran Ashwin became the fastest Indian and second overall to take 200 wickets, reaching the milestone in his 37th Test on 25 September 2016. Ashwin trapped New Zealand skipper Kane Williamson in front to get to the 200-mark on day four of the first Test at the Green Park in Kanpur. With this feat, Ashwin left behind the likes of Dennis Lillee and Waqar Younis, who took 38 Tests to get to 200 wickets. South African pacer Dale Steyn took 39 Tests to reach the landmark. Only leg-spinner Clarrie Grimmett got to the double century of wickets faster than Ashwin as the Australian reached there in 36 Tests. Besides, Ashwin is also the ninth Indian bowler to record 200 in Tests and also the ninth highest wicket-taker for the country in a list lead by current coach Anil Kumble who holds the record of 619 wickets.

India's Velavan Senthilkumar has bagged the Under-19 Asian Junior Individual squash championship title on 24 September 2016. In the final clash played in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, he defetaed Jordan's Mohammad Al-Sarraj 12-14, 9-11, 11-6, 11-8, 11-7. The Chennai player, who trains at the Indian Squash Academy, is the second Indian to win the title after Ravi Dixit in 2010. From among 31 Indian players in various age categories at the tournament, there were two more medal winners in Tushar Shahani, who claimed silver in boys'U-17, and Yash Fadte who earned a bronze in boys' U-15 section.

India's Sania Mirza and her Czech partner Barbora Strycova has lifted the women’s doubles title in the Toray Pan Pacific Open trophy in Tokyo on 24 September 2016. In the final clash, the Indo-Czech pair defeated the unseeded Chinese pair of Chen Liang and Zhaoxuan Yang 6-1, 6-1. This is Sania and Strycova's second title in three tournaments since they have paired together. This is Sania and Strycova's second title in three tournaments since they have paired together. They won their first title in Cincinnati. The victory puts Mirza and Strycova one step closer to a potential spot in the BNP Paribas WTA Finals Singapore presented by SC Global. Entering Tokyo the duo sat at No.19 on the Road to Singapore Leaderboard, trailing the Top 8 by about 500 points. With 470 points now in the bag, the team received a major boost in their standings.

The 12th edition of Asia’s oldest and world’s 3rd toughest mountain biking (MTB) race kicked off on 24 September 2016 from historic Ridge Maidan of Shimla in Himachal Pradesh. Nearly 67 participants from 14 countries including 11 men of SSB are taking part in the race which would conclude on 3 October 2016 in Dharmshala, the district headquarter of Kangra. Mohit Sood, President Himalayan Adventure Sport and Tourism Promotion Association said that total 650 kilometers would be covered by the participants during their journey. This year the new route of race is going to be more challenging to the riders in terms of terrain. There will be an equal amount of uphill and downhill segments in the race. Looped circuits of approximately 60-70 km each day of the race will be covered by the riders. On the way these bikers would also meet 10000 school children’s studying in the different government schools and aware them to preserve environment as well as adopt habit of cycling in their day today activities.

US President Barack Obama has vetoed a bill that would have allowed the families of 9/11 victims to sue Saudi Arabia on 23 September 2016. Earlier, the Justice against Sponsors of Terrorism Act (JASTA) was passed by both the chambers of the Republican controlled Congress. As per President, the JASTA, would have jeopardized the long standing international principles regarding sovereignty and would have made adverse impact with US interests and nationals overseas. In his message accompanying his veto, he said that the bill departs from longstanding standards and practice under US Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act. It also threatens to strip all foreign governments of immunity from judicial process in the country based solely upon allegations by private litigants that a foreign government's overseas conduct had some role or connection to a group or person that carried out a terrorist attack inside the United States. The US President said the bill would upset longstanding international principles regarding sovereign immunity, putting in place rules that, if applied globally, could have serious implications for the country's national interests and it can even complicate relations with its closest partners.

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