Today Current Affairs 16th September 2016

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Novel titled His Bloody Project by Graeme Macrae Burnet was in news in September 2016. It came in news after being shortlisted for the 2016 Man Booker prize. His Bloody Project, a crime thriller, narrates a story in which a triple murder in a remote community in the Scottish Highlands leads to arrest of a young man, Roderick Macrae. It talks about a memoir by the accused that makes it clear that he is guilty; however, the country’s finest legal and psychiatric minds fails to uncover what drove him to commit such merciless acts of violence. It is one of the six books that were shortlisted for the £50,000 award that will be announced on 25 October at Guildhall. The other five books are  The Sellout by Paul Beatty Hot Milk by Deborah Levy  Eileen by Ottessa Moshfegh All That Man Is by David Szalay  Do Not Say We Have Nothing by Madeleine Thien

The 2016 International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer was observed across the world on 16 September 2016.  The theme for the year 2016 is Ozone and climate: Restored by a world united. The theme for the 2016 International Ozone Day recognizes the collective efforts of the parties to the Vienna Convention and the Montreal Protocol towards the restoration of the ozone layer over the past three decades and the global commitment to combat climate change. The UN General Assembly in 1994 proclaimed 16 September as the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer to commemorate the date of the signing of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer in 1987.  

The United States President Barack Obama has designated the country’s first marine national monument on 15 September 2016, Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument, in the Atlantic Ocean.The monument aims at protecting fragile deep-sea ecosystems off the coast of New England. The announcement was made by the American president at the third annual Our Ocean Conference in Washington DC. The Conference is hosted by Secretary of State John Kerry. The Conference focuses on issues related to marine-protected areas, sustainable fisheries, marine pollution, and climate-related impacts on the ocean. In August 2016, Obama had decided to expand the Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument off the coast of Hawaii by 1.1 million square km, creating the world’s largest marine protected area. More than 20 countries attending the annual ocean conservation meeting will announce the creation of 40 significant new marine protected areas, totalling nearly 1.2 million square km of ocean. When combined with the Papahanaumokuakea expansion, the nations of the world have protected more than 900000 square miles of ocean in 2016, exceeding last year’s record of more than 1.9 million square km. Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument : The Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument is a marine national monument of the United States off the coast of New England. It will protect 12725 square km of ecosystems encompassing three underwater canyons deeper than the Grand Canyon, and four underwater It will provide habitat for protected species such as sea turtles and marine mammals, including endangered sperm, fin, and sei whales and Kemp’s ridley turtles.  It is the first U.S. national marine monument in the Atlantic Ocean.

In a step to ensure that the details of Aadhaar is not misused, the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) asked agencies in possession of Aadhaar number of an individual to not publish or post the information publicly. It said that the agencies will have to ensure security and confidentiality of the 12-digit resident identification number under the Aadhaar Act. The core biometric information, collected by the Authority, cannot be shared with anyone for any reason.Any violation of the Aadhaar Act will constitute an offence and is punishable under the Act. The agencies that collect the Aadhaar number will also have to specify whether submission of the number or proof of Aadhaar is mandatory or voluntary. The regulations also provide for obtaining consent of the Aadhaar number holder for collection, storage and use of the same for specified purposes.

BHVS Narayana Murthy, an expert in Avionics, in the second week of September 2016 was appointed as Director of Research Centre Imarat (RCI). The RCI is a premiere Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) laboratory located in Hyderabad. BHVS Narayana Murthy : BHVS Narayana Murthy has made contributions towards design, development and delivery of onboard computers, Missile launch processors, real-time mission software etc. in the last 30 years.He is an alumnus of NIT, Warangal. For his contributions to various defence R&D projects, he has won several awards and recognitions.He has been honoured with the Astronautical Society of India Rocket and Related Technologies Award, AGNI Award for Excellence in Self Reliance as a team Leader and DRDO Scientist of the Year Award. The Avionics Systems (Onboard computers, Navigation, Control) developed under his leadership has played a key role in the success of the Indian ICBM class Agni 5 and other missions. Research Centre Imarat : Research Centre Imarat is responsible for Research and Development of Missile Systems, Guided Weapons and advanced Avionics for Indian Armed Forces. It was established by APJ Abdul Kalam in 1988.It made pioneering contributions towards successful flight testing of India's maiden Inter Continental Ballistic Missile Agni 5. It is the leading laboratory, which has successfully spearheaded the Indo-Israel joint development Medium Range Surface to Air Missile (MRSAM) programme and had hat-trick success in its first three consecutive missions.

India and Sri Lanka signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to support livelihood of the fishing and farming communities in Hambantota district of Sri Lanka on 15 September 2016. The project envisages gift of equipment and tools such as grub hoes, bicycles, life jackets and sewing machines, worth 300 million SLR, to the fishing and farming communities in Hambantota district. Part of the grant is expected to be used for developing fisheries villages under a national programme. More than 75000 people across the district will get direct benefit from the project. The project will be implemented in consultation with the relevant local authorities.  

Vice-President Hamid Ansari will be representing India at the upcoming 17th Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) to be held at Margarita Island in Venezuela from September 17-18. This will be the second time that the Prime Minister of India will not be representing the country at the Summit. India is one of the founding members of the Non Aligned Movement and India hosted the 7th NAM Summit in 1983 in New Delhi. The last NAM Summit was hosted by Iran in 2012. The Summit is expected to deliberate on issues of contemporary relevance and concern such as terrorism, UN reform, the situation in West Asia, threats to peace and security, UN peacekeeping operations, climate change, sustainable development, economic governance, south-south cooperation, refugees and migrants, and nuclear disarmament,” stated a press release by the Ministry of External Affairs. The membership of NAM comprises 53 countries from Africa, 39 from Asia, 26 from Latin America and the Caribbean and 2 from Europe (Belarus, Azerbaijan). There are 17 countries and 10 international organizations that are Observers at NAM. The Non Aligned Movement came into being 55 years ago when leaders of 25 developing countries met at the 1961 Belgrade Conference.  

Private sector Axis Bank has tied up with Banaras Hindu University (BHU) to offer specialised banking courses.  The bank along with the Faculty of Commerce at BHU will develop the design and curriculum of courses, besides deciding on e-learning modules, structure and courseware. The courses will be designed to introduce the students to functioning of banking industry in India and to academically and vocationally prepare them for corporate world.  The bank will conduct lectures through domain experts or faculty before the end of each semester pertaining to banking and insurance.  Students will also be provided an internship of six weeks at the end of the second semester at any branch of Axis Bank that will help them complete on the job training as well as acquaint with working in the banking industry.   

Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) elected Aleksander Ceferin to succeed Michel Platini as president. The 48-year-old succeeds former France international Michel Platini, who resigned after being banned from all football activity last year. Ceferin will take on the remainder of Platini's term of office, until 2019. The Union of European Football Associations is the administrative body for association football in Europe, although several member states are primarily or entirely located in Asia.  It is one of six continental confederations of world football's governing body FIFA. UEFA consists of 55 national association members.

The Uttar Pradesh government has appointed Bollywood actor Nawazuddin Siddiqui as the brand ambassador of its flagship programme 'Samajwadi Kisan Beema Yojana', a scheme aimed at insuring farmers. Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav announced this at a function at his official residence. In the scheme, many facilities like cashless treatment upto Rs 2.5 lakh and Rs 1 lakh for organ transplant have been included.  

Priyanka Chopra has become the first Indian star to enter the Forbes list of highest paid television actresses in the world, after starring on American series "Quantico". Priyanka ranks eighth in the coveted list, which has retained American actress Sofia Vergara at the first position fifth year in a row. The 44-year-old Colombian-American actress brought home a whooping $43 million before management fees and taxes, but not all came from her hit TV show "Modern Family". Vergara has an impressive array of endorsement deals as well as her line of products. Priyanka, meanwhile, has earned $11 million. She made her international acting debut last year with ABC's "Quantico" and now is gearing up for its second season. The 34-year-old actress has starred in two Bollywood films in the past one year -- "Bajirao Mastani" and "Jai Gangaajal"-- and will make her Hollywood film debut with "Baywatch" alongside Hollywood heavy-hitters including Dwayne Johnson, the world's highest-paid actor. Before Priyanka, Bollywood actress Deepika Padukone also made the country proud by entering the 2016 Forbes list of world's highest paid actresses. The list, which saw Jennifer Lawrence sitting at the top, placed Deepika at the 10th position. Deepika, who shared screen space with Priyanka in "Bajirao Mastani", is like the "Quantico" star, set for her Hollywood debut next year.

India declared itself free from the highly contagious avian influenza (H5N1) or bird flu from 5 September 2016. The declaration was made by the Department of Animal Husbandry under the Agriculture Ministry. The Department in a statement said that it had notified the same to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). However, it also stressed that there is a need for continued surveillance. To make sure that this H5N1 free status is maintained, the union government has asked the chief Secretaries of states to continued surveillance especially in the vulnerable areas bordering infected countries and in areas visited by migratory birds.

Indian football giants East Bengal won the Calcutta Football League (CFL) for the seventh consecutive time on 16 September 2016. The team defeated Mohammedan Sporting 1-0 at the Kalyani Stadium. East Bengal bettered its own record of winning it six times straight from 1970 to 1975. East Bengal Football Club : East Bengal Football Club is a professional football club, based in Kolkata, West Bengal. East Bengal FC was founded in 1920. It currently competes in the I-League, the top-tier of Indian football pyramid.The club has won 3 National Football League, 8 Federation Cups, 3 Indian Super Cups and many more. The club has represented India the most number of times in the Asian competitions, with its best performance being a semi-final berth in the AFC Cup 2013. East Bengal had also won ASEAN Club Championship in 2003. Calcutta Football League : Calcutta Football League is the football league system where several football clubs of Kolkata participate. It currently consists of seven-tier pyramid system.Indian Football Association (IFA) conducts the CFL with 157 mostly Kolkata based clubs and units. Started in 1898, this league is regarded as one of the oldest football competitions in the world.

Indian-American physician-author, Abraham Verghese (61) has been selected for the prestigious 2015 National Humanities Medal. President Barack Obama will bestow the honour upon Verghese along with 11 others recipient’s at a ceremony to be held in Washington on 21st September 2016. He has been selected for the prestigious award for reminding us that the patient is the centre of the medical enterprise. Abraham Verghese  : He was born in Ethiopia to parents from Kerala who had worked as teachers. Currently, Abraham Verghese is a professor of medicine at the Stanford School of Medicine. His work has emphasised empathy in medicine. He has authored several acclaimed books, including “My Own Country” and “Cutting for Stone”. National Humanities Medal  : National Humanities Medal bestowed upon individuals or groups whose work has deepened the nation’s understanding of human experience, broadened citizens’ engagement with history, languages, philosophy, literature and other humanities subjects. It was inaugurated in 1997.