Today Current Affairs 24th October 2016

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The global development lenders like the World Bank and Asian Development Bank (ABD) must provide help countries including India to shift away from coal for energy purpose.  It was proposed by the World Coal Association to finance countries to help them to shift from their to more efficient technologies so that they can meet their COP21 commitments. Coal is backbone of countries energy mix to meet their energy demands. Even if countries push towards renewable energy they are not going to do away with coal in overall energy mix.  In absence of any funding countries invest in inefficient sub-critical thermal plants, which have much higher CO2 and particulate matter (PM) emissions. Thus, leading to higher emissions.  The aid global development lenders will facilitate countries to adopt Super critical and ultra-super critical (USC) plants technologies. Benefits of aid from global development lenders :  Super critical and ultra-super critical (USC) plants technologies have capability to substantially reduce CO2 emissions and virtually eliminate PM emissions.  It will help countries in reducing their emissions from coal, rather than reducing coal itself and meet target provided in Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). Thus some target of Paris agreement on Climate Change about reducing the emissions from coal power plants will be achieved.

The 22nd meeting of the Western Zonal Council was recently held at Mumbai, Maharashtra under the chairmanship of Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh. The Western Zonal Council consist of the States of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Goa and Union Territories of Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli. The meeting was attended by Chief Ministers and ministers of these States and Union Territories administrators as well as senior officers of Union and State Governments. The Council reviewed issues related to internal security, coastal security, issuance of bio-metric identity cards to fishermen and card readers, modernization of police force, formulation of plans for countering terrorism etc. It also reviewed other important issues such as Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna (Urban) Mission, providing shelters to the urban homeless, and surplus lands of Union Government for ‘Housing for All: 2022’. Issues related to checking pollution in Daman Ganga River and Kolak River due to discharge of untreated effluents from Vapi industrial area was also discused. Zonal Councils :  Zonal Councils were set up under the States Reorganization Act, 1956 (so it is not constitutional body) to foster Inter-State co-operation and co-ordination among the States. Currently, there are total five zonal councils viz. Northern, Western, Eastern, Central and Southern.  The Zonal Councils are mandated to discuss and make recommendations on any matter of common interest in field of social and economic planning, linguistic minorities, border disputes or inter-State transport etc. Thus, Zonal Councils are regional fora of cooperative endeavor for States linked with each other economically, culturally and politically. They are specially meant for looking after the interests of respective Zones and focus attention on specific issues taking into account regional factors, while keeping national perspective in view.   

The Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) celebrated its 55th raising day on 24 October. The force was raised on 24th October in 1962. ITBP is deployed on border guarding duties from Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Jachep La in Arunachal Pradesh covering 3488 kilometer of India-China Border.  It is manning Border Outposts on altitudes raging from 9000 feet to 18700 feet in the Western, Middle and Eastern Sector of the India-China Border. Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)  : ITBP is one of the eight statutory Central Armed Police Forces of India. It was established on 24 October 1962, under the CRPF Act, in the wake of India- China War of 1962. Later Parliament enacted the Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force Act, 1992 to provide full autonomy to ITBP.  It operates under the aegis of Union Ministry of Home Affairs At present ITBP has strong force of about 50,000 personnel to secure the 3,488 km border with China along Tibet Autonomous Region. ITBP force is also engage in a variety of internal security tasks including civil Medical Camp, disaster management, nuclear, biological and chemical disasters and UN peacekeeping missions around the world.  

The Union Government is planning to fast-track four projects in Indus river basin to increase irrigation area in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) by nearly 2.05 lakh acres. This decision was taken after India had decided to exploit to the maximum the water of Pakistan-controlled rivers Indus, Jhelum and Chenab as per Indus Water Treaty (IWT). Three projects Prakachik Khows Canal in Kargil, Tral Irrigation Project in Pulwama and restoration and modernisation of main Ravi Canal in Jammu’s Sambha and Kathua are expected to be completed by this fiscal. The fourth project of Rajpora Lift Irrigation is planned will be completed by December 2019. While the first three projects will help irrigate around 1.45 lakh acres of land, the Rajpora Lift Irrigation is expected to help irrigat around 59,305 acres of land. The funds for these projects will be raised by National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD). These projects are part of the Union Government’s efforts to irrigate larger swaths across the country by completing small and medium 99 irrigation projects under ambitious Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP) and Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKYS). Besides, earlier in September 2016, Union Government had decided to review the 56-year-old IWT in the aftermath of the Uri attack, asserting that “blood and water cannot flow together.” Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKYS) : It was launched by the Union Government with an aim to enhance physical access to water on farm. It also seeks to expand cultivable area under assured irrigation, improve on-farm water use efficiency, introduce sustainable water conservation practices, etc through major and minor irrigation projects. Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP) : It was launched in 1996-97 to provide central assistance to major and minor irrigation projects in the country. It main objective is to accelerate implementation of such major and minor irrigation projects. Since its inception, 143 projects have been completed under AIBP.

The Uttar Pradesh government has declared the list of Yash Bharati awardees 2016 on 23 October 2016. 54 personalities were selected for the coveted award for the year 2016-17. Bollywood actor Naseeruddin Shah, PayTM CEO Vijay Shekhar, Paralympic athlete Varun Kumar, Qawwaali singers Aftab and Hashim (Sabri Brothers), film director Saurabh Shukla and Atul Tiwari were some of the prominent names. Apart from this, the list included the names of Swaroop Kumari Bakshi for literature and Beghum Habibullah for social service.   Lieutenant General Anil Chait, who was also the General Officer Commanding-in-Chief has been given the award for Military Service. Cricketers Gyanendra Pandey, Bhuwaneshwar Kumar, Praveen Kumar and Piyush Chawla (Cricketer) also figure in the list of awardees. Some of the other prominent awardees are Rajendra Singh (Water Conservationist), Anil Rastogi (Theatre and acting in films), Suman Yadav (Sports), Syed Mohd Basheer Badr (Literature & Education), Swaroop Kumari Bakshi (Literature) and Anubhav Sinha (Film Director). Pandit Vishwanath (Classical Music), Ustad Gulfam (classical music), Kashinath Yadav (Birha Folk Music), Mohd Aslam Warsi (Sufi Music), Kewal Kumar (Music Direction & Singing) were from the field of Music.  Sabiha Anwar (Education & Literature), Yogesh Mishra (Journalism & Literature), Rajkrishna Mishra (Literature), Manendra Kumar Mishra (Writer), Maheshwar Tiwari (Literature), Sarvesh Asthana (Literature), Oma Dapak (Literature) were some of awardees from field of literature. Prof Rakesh Kapoor, Deepak Agarwal, Dr Ramratan Banerjee, Syed Muhammed Hassan were awarded in the field of medicine. The other winners are Ashok Nigam (Journalist), Arjun Bajpai (Mountaineer), Gargi Yadav (Wrestling), Dr Ramakant Yadav (Medical University Saifai), Atma Prakash Mishra (Doordarshan Lucknow) and Gaurdas Chaudhary (Doctor). Yash Bharti Awards : Yash Bharti Awards was instituted by Mulayam Singh Yadav Government in 1994. The award is conferred by the Uttar Pradesh Government for excellence in literature, fine arts, folk and classical music and sports.The award carries cash prize of 11 lakh rupees, a citation and a shawl.The award was discontinued by the Bahujan Samaj Party Government from 2007-2013, but later it was revived after a gap of six years.

The United Nations Day 2016 was observed across the world on 24 October 2016. The day marks the anniversary of the entry into force of the UN Charter(the founding document of UNO) in 1945. In 2016, UN Day will be used to highlight concrete actions people can take to help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. On this day, the UN also organise a concert to celebrate and reflect on the work of the United Nations through the universal language of music. This year, Korean Traditional Music Orchestra, Lang Lang, world famous Harlem Gospel Choir, the Hungarian State Opera with performances by soprano Andrea Rost and other notable artists will be organised at the UN General Assembly Hall. In 2016, the theme of the concert isFreedom First. United Nations Day is devoted to making known to people of the world the aims and achievements of the United Nations Organization. United Nations Day is part of United Nations Week, which runs from 20 to 26 October.In 1948, the United Nations General Assembly declared 24 October, the anniversary of the Charter of the United Nations. In 1971, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a further resolution (United Nations Resolution 2782) declaring that United Nations Day shall be an international holiday and recommended that it should be observed as a public holiday by all United Nations member states.  

The Indo-Italian Joint Committee established under the Scientific and Technological Cooperation Agreement on 21 October 2016 re-launched the cooperation in the sectors of science, technology and innovation. The original agreement was signed between Italy and India in 2003. The Indian delegation was led by Ashutosh Sharma, Secretary, Department of Science and Technology while the Italian delegation was led by Vincenzo De Luca, Director General for Cultural and Economic Promotion and Innovation of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation. Highlights  : The Joint Committee approved several initiatives in bilateral scientific R&D projects of significance with the aim of facilitating the mobility of researchers who will be jointly selected within the framework of the 2017-2019 Indo-Italy Executive Programme of Scientific and Technological Cooperation. IT, energy, environment and sustainable agriculture, health care, biotechnology, nanotechnology, physics and cultural and natural heritage are the areas for joint projects. A new scientific and technological cooperation programme on applied science was launched aiming at developing technologies and processes to be applied in industry. Joint workshops will be alternatively held in Italy and India, starting from 2017.  An Indo-Italian Innovation Forum will be established to promote and connect the world of research with the world of business and investment.

Two doctors each from the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and the Sir Ganga Ram Hospital (SGRH) in the third week of October 2016 were selected for the prestigious Dr Bidhan Chandra Roy Award for excellence in the field of medicine. Randeep Guleria, Head of Pulmonology, and CS Yadav of Department of Orthopaedics from the All India Institute of Medical Sciences were selected for the award. Chairman of Board of Management at the Sir Ganga Ram Hospital D S Rana and Arvind Kumar were also chosen for the coveted award. The awards will be presented by the President in July 2017. Bidhan Chandra Roy Award : The Bidhan Chandra Roy Award was instituted in 1976 by Medical Council of India. It was instituted in the memory of renowned physician and freedom fighter B C Roy. The Award is given annually in each of the following categories: Statesmanship of the Highest Order in India, Medical man-cum-Statesman, Eminent Medical Person, Eminent person in Philosophy, Eminent person in Science and Eminent person in Arts. It is presented by the President of India in New Delhi on 1 July, National Doctors' Day.  

Iraq’s Parliament has passed a law banning the sale, import and production of alcohol in the country. The law imposes a fine of up to 25 million Iraqi dinars for anyone violating the ban. However, the law can be struck down by the supreme court of Iraq. This Iraqi law is unlikely to be enforced in the largely autonomous Kurdish region, which is home to a sizeable Christian community. The ban came as a shock for the Christians who are earning through the liquor shops. As per Iraq's Christian lawmaker Joseph Slaiwa, the ban was slipped into a draft law regulating the income of municipal authorities without lawmakers being notified. Moreover, it violates the constitution which guarantees the traditions of religious minorities such as Christians. The original article only called for imposing taxes on liquor stores and restaurants serving liquor. The bill was proposed by Mahmoud al-Hassan, a judge and lawmaker from the State of Law coalition, the largest bloc in Iraq's Parliament. He insisted that it was in keeping with Article 2 of the Iraq's constitution which prohibits any legislation that goes against Islam. Islam forbids the consumption of alcohol, but it has always been available in Iraq’s larger cities, mainly from the shops run by Christians. Those shops were currently closed because of the Shia holy month of Muharram.Iraq’s parliament is dominated by Shia Islamist parties.  

Microsoft has launched its first cybersecurity engagement center (CSEC) in India in the heart of Delhi, which will help the government and the private sector organisations deal with cyberattacks. An initiative like this is especially important at a time when India is dealing with large-scale cyberattacks on four leading banks' debit cards that has affected as many as 3.2 million customers. The centre will work in close conjunction with Microsoft's Redmond Digital Crimes Unit (DCU). Data is becoming the driver of growth and innovation across every sector and will catalyze the fourth industrial revolution. We believe security of critical information is imperative for our corporate customers, just as it is vital to ensure security and privacy of citizen data and transactions... Our cybersecurity investments in the country underline our relentless commitment to partnering India in realising its digital vision. The Microsoft cybersecurity team identified three main cybersecurity risks over the last year unmanaged and unregulated IT assets usage, procurement and maintenance, poor knowledge of cyber hygiene among users within organisations. The centre will also help expand public/private partnerships in country in the field of cybersecurity. Microsoft launched a nationwide campaign to increase awareness on cybersecurity to help organizations understand their security requirements better.

Andhra Pradesh government has signed an agreement with the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) to promote innovation in financial services in their respective markets.  Under the FinTech Cooperation Agreement, MAS and the state government will explore joint innovation projects on technologies such as digital payments and block-chain, collaborate on development of education programmes and curricula on fintech (financial technologies). The Singapore's central bank (MAS) and the Andhra Pradesh government have also agreed to discuss emerging FinTech trends and exchange views on regulatory issues related to innovations in financial services.  This agreement will pave way for greater FinTech collaboration between Singapore and Andhra Pradesh. We are looking to create a market place in India for FinTech solutions developed in Singapore. The agreement would enable creation of a niche, first-of-its-kind ecosystem in Visakhapatnam that was emerging as the 'FinTech Valley of India'.  The knowledge exchange between the startups in Singapore and Visakhapatnam will not only create high-quality job opportunities in FinTech but also help provide market access for implementation in both countries.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated a newly built integrated international terminal at the Vadodara airport, also known as Civil Airport Harni.  Designed and built by the Airport Authority of India (AAI) at a cost of Rs 160 crore, the new international terminal will increase the airport's passengers handling capacity from current 450 passengers to 700 per hours. Vadodara does not have international flights but because of this new development, it may get international flight most probably in 2017. International flights for neighbouring countries will be available from the terminal, but there will be no direct service for the US or the UK as the runway length is not enough to accommodate big aircraft. No international flight has been announced yet. The airport has already been registered with the Limca Book of Records for longest single sheet rooftop measuring 164.2 meters. The new terminal at the airport in Harni, on the city outskirts, is spread over 18,120 sq mt and can handle 700 passengers (domestic plus international) per hour through 18 check-in counters. The building has been designed as per the advance building management system. With advanced security systems, the terminal has energy-saving cooling mechanism, rainwater harvesting set up and super sensitive fire safety alarm. The new terminal will help in accommodating additional flights and passengers.

The American telecommunications giant AT&T Inc has agreed  to buy Time Warner, the home of HBO and CNN, for about $85.4 billion in a 50% cash and 50% stock deal, forming one of the largest telecommunications and media empire in the world. The combined entity will be worth around $300 billion, making it among the top ten most valued public company in the world. AT&T Inc. is an American multinational telecommunications conglomerate, headquartered at Whitacre Tower in downtown Dallas, Texas. AT&T is the second largest provider of mobile telephone services and the largest provider of fixed telephone services in the United States, and also provides broadband subscription television services through DirecTV. AT&T is the third-largest company in Texas (the largest non-oil company, behind only ExxonMobil and ConocoPhillips, and also the largest Dallas company).

Power Grid Corp has its board has approved proposals to invest Rs 1,184.45 crore in power transmission projects across the country. The company’s Board of Directors, in their meeting held on October 22, 2016, have accorded approval to three investment proposals. According to the statement, the Board has approved the proposal ‘Augmentation of Transformation Capacity in Southern Region’ at an estimated cost of Rs 167.75 crore, with commissioning schedule of 30 months from the date of approval. It also approved investment for ‘Sub-station works associated with strengthening of transmission system beyond Vemagiri’ at an estimated cost of Rs 608.24 crore, with commissioning schedule of 30 months from the date of approval. The board further gave a go ahead to investment in ’Transmission System for Ultra Mega Solar Park at Tumkur (Pavagada), Karnataka  - Phase-II (Part A)’ at an estimated cost of Rs 408.46 crore, with commissioning schedule of 27 months from the date of approval.

Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton won the 2016 United States Grand Prix on 23 October 2016. The race was held at the Circuit of the Americas, Austin, Texas, United States. Nico Rosberg finished second while Red Bull Racing-TAG Heuer’s Daniel Ricciardo finished third in the race. With this, Hamilton has now won 50 races in his career, with only Alain Prost (51) and Michael Schumacher (91) having won more than that number in the history of the sport.  United States Grand Prix : The United States Grand Prix is a motor race, which has been held in the U.S. on and off since 1908.The race was previously known as the American Grand Prize.The race later became part of the Formula One World Championship. Since 2012, it has been held at the Circuit of the Americas.The 2016 edition of the race marked the forty-sixth running of the United States Grand Prix.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched a campaign through which people can send their Diwali greetings and messages to the soldiers to boost their morale. The messages can be sent under the #Sandesh2Soldiers campaign on the Narendra Modi App, through, and also through All India Radio. PM Modi will be leading the campaign. The 360-degree campaign includes a four-minute video featuring Modi, that the PMO hopes will “make waves” across social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter. The video, which was released on Saturday, opens with a child writing a letter to an unknown soldier. 

Aditya Birla Group Chairman Kumar Mangalam Birla has pledged an investment of Rs. 20,000 crore for the state in sectors like retail, telecom and cement. Birla said the group has five world-class facilities, including Grasim and chemical plants, in Madhya Pradesh. The group’s Idea Cellular covers over 58 per cent of the population, he said, adding that the group remains committed to further expanding this vast network and bringing more people under the coverage of its mobility services in the state. This is now available with more than 2.8 crore and our intent is to double this coverage over the next 3 years. Idea provides entrepreneurial opportunities to some 2,300 distributors and 1.45 lakh retailers in the state. The group is also looking at increasing Idea’s 3G and 4G sites and optical fibre cable expansion. “In all our key businesses like viscose fibre, cement, metals, telecom, retail and financial services, we have a significant presence in the state. The group is exploring a greenfield cement plant, an investment of Rs. 3,000 crore in expansion of Hindalco’s smelter and opening of more retail stores for Pantaloons and Madura Garments, besides foraying into the solar sector.  

Within days of Essar Group signing a mega $12.9-billion asset sale in its oil business, three top lenders  ICICI Bank, Axis Bank and StanChart  have got back an estimated $2.5 billion as part of the first payment for their debt exposure to the Ruias-led conglomerate.  The two Indian lenders  which together had an exposure of $1.5 billion  will get back nearly half of their money or about $770 million in cash while further $750 million of debt will get transferred to Rosneft-led consortium and Essar's ports and other businesses, as per the terms agreed upon by them.  Out of the total cash component, nearly $350 million was paid in cash to the two Indian banks last night, which together with interest payout of about $100 million takes their total collection from Essar to about $450 million . In the case of StanChart, whose total exposure was much higher at over $3.3 billion, the bank has decided to opt for a larger cash component of about $2.1 billion for repayment of its loans.  Payments totalling about $2.5 billion were made to the three lenders last night as part of the first tranche of the repayment schedule while payout of the remaining cash component (over $300 million) to the two Indian banks will happen soon . The loans totalling about $1.2 billion will get transferred to the Rosneft-led consortium, which has acquired 98 per cent stake in Essar Oil, and to other businesses of Essar.  Public sector banks are yet to get any repayment of their loans as their exposure has mainly been to Essar Steel. In the case of the two private sector Indian lenders and StanChart, the payment has been made towards their exposure to the oil business and global holding company of the Ruias-led group . In the largest inflow of foreign direct investment, Russia's state-controlled oil giant Rosneft and its partners on October 15 acquired Essar Oil, India's second-biggest private oil firm, in an all-cash deal valued at about $13 billion.   

North Korea won the 2016 FIFA U-17 Women's World Cup on 21 October 2016, after defeating Japan on penalties in the final of the tournament. North Korea, who were the champions of the tournament's maiden edition in 2008, became the first team to win the tournament twice.  Spain's Lorena Navarro was awarded the Golden Shoe for scoring eight goals in the tournament.

The first ever global conference to strengthen Arbitration and Enforcement in India was held in New Delhi. The 3-day Conference was inaugurated by President Pranab Mukherjee on 21 October 2016. The conference aims to provide impetus to commercial arbitration in country or faster and efficient dispute resolution outside the court room. It was started with title ‘National Initiative On Strengthening Arbitration and Enforcement’. It was held to change the face of dispute resolution in India.  For the first time six leading international arbitral institutions and all major industry associations had participated in it. Discussions on Indian Arbitration Act, Case Management of Arbitration, Setting up an world class autonomous arbitration institution and court support for arbitration were held. The conference comes the backdrop of the immense losses suffered by the business enterprises and the economy at large, due to backlogs involved in dispute resolution in Indian courts.  This has kept money and resources of the businesses trapped till the final resolution of the dispute is resolved. It is considered as major disincentive for foreign companies coming to invest in India and also affected ease of doing business environment of the country.

The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has sanctioned loan worth Rs. 19,702 crore to National Water Development Agency (NWDA).  The loan will be provided through NABARD’s Long Term Irrigation Fund (LTIF) for 50 irrigation projects from 11 States. This loan will be part of the Central share of assistance to State Governments. It will ensure front loading of resources so that the identified incomplete irrigation projects under Pradhan Mandtri Krishi Sinchai Yojna (PMKSY) are executed in time. Loan released by NABARD to NWDA would be disbursed to the respective State Governments as Central Share in the projects sanctioned. The LTIF was set up by NABARD as a sequel to the initiatives announced by the Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley for irrigation purpose in his Budget Speech 2016-17. The loan funds for these irrigation projects will help to create additional irrigation potential of 39.14 lakh hectares in 11 States.  Thus, it will support government’s vision to double the farmers’ income by 2022 as providing assured irrigation to farmers is one of the important prerequisites to achieve that target. National Water Development Agency (NWDA)  : NWDA is the agency of the Union Ministry of Water Resources. It was set up in July, 1982 as autonomous society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. It was established to carry out the water balance and other studies on a scientific and realistic basis for optimum utilisation of Water Resources of the Peninsular rivers system. Besides it was tasked to prepare feasibility reports and give concrete shape to Peninsular Rivers Development Component of National Perspective.  In 1990, it was also entrusted with the task of Himalayan Rivers Development Component of National Perspectives. Recently, the functions of NWDA have been further modified and the work of preparation of detailed Project Reports (DPR) of various link proposals and Pre-feasibility Reports. It has been also entrusted to prepare feasibility reports of intra-State links as proposed by the States.

The Union Government held tripartite talks with Kuki National Organisation (KNO) and United People's Front (UPF) of Manipur to find an amicable solution to their long standing demand. The second round of the tripartite talks was held on 19 October 2016 in New Delhi. During the dialogue the KNO and the UPF indicated their demands in the presence of senior representative of Manipur government. The first meeting was held in June 2016. The talks were held in a cordial atmosphere and the next round of dialogue will be held in consultation with Manipur government, KNO and UPF. To find a permanent solution to their demand for homeland and political future, the Home Ministry in June 2016 had decided to hold tripartite talks with government of Manipur, KNO and UPF of Manipur. Kuki National Organisation (KNO) : KNO and its armed Wing, Kuki National Army (KNA), were formed in 1988. Its first batch of the cadres, under the command of Thangkholun Haokip, was trained by the Kachin Independent Army (KIA) in Myanmar. Its objectives include  To bring together all the Kuki-inhabited areas separated by artificial boundary created in 1935, specifically in the Kabaw valley of Myanmar and the Kuki inhabited areas in the hill districts of Manipur under one administrative unit called ‘Zalengam’ (Land of freedom).If such integration fails to materialise than, the organisation aims at the creation of two Kuki states: one within Burma, named, Eastern Zalengam and the other within India, that is, Western Zalengam. Earlier between 1991 and 1999, KNA waged guerrilla warfare in Myanmar against the Military Junta, mainly targeting patrol parties and also Steamers along the Chindwin River. United People's Front (UPF) of Manipur : UPF is considered as one of the two umbrella bodies of Kuki militant groups and was raised by the outfit during a recently held political dialogue with Central representatives at New Delhi. As per reports, the front demands a separate and autonomous ‘Hill State’ within the territory of Manipur, by extending the provision of Article 244 A of the Constitution. As per reports, both KNO and UPF in August 2008 signed Suspension of Operation (SoO) pact with both the Union and Manipur Governments. After this, the Manipur Government set up five designated camps in Churachandpur, Chandel and Senapati districts to lodge the cadres of the ceasefire militant groups.

India has lifted the 2016 Kabaddi World Cup on 22 October 2016. Team India, under the captaincy of Anup Kumar, defeated Iran 38-29 in the final held at the Arena By TransStadia in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. This was India's 3rd World Cup in the Standard Style version of Kabaddi. 2016 Kabaddi World Cup : The 2016 Kabaddi World Cup was an international kabaddi tournament governed by the International Kabaddi Federation. It was contested from 7 to 22 October 2016 in Ahmedabad, India. Twelve countries had competed in the tournament.The tournament was hosted at The Arena by TransStadia, a newly-constructed convertible stadium in Ahmedabad. The official emblem of the tournament was unveiled on 14 September 2016 by Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports Vijay Goel. It incorporated a stylized lion, representing the Asiatic lions of Girnar.

Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) was recommended imposition of 3050 crore rupees penalty on Bharti Airtel, Vodafone and Idea cellular. The penalty was imposed for allegedly denying interconnectivity to newcomer Reliance Jio. TRAI, in its recommendation to the Department of Telecom, said it has found the three companies to be non-compliant with licence conditions regarding giving interconnection to Reliance Jio customers. Airtel : Penalty amounts to 1050 crore rupees for 21 service areas (all, except Jammu and Kashmir) Vodafone : Penalty amounts to 1050 crore rupees for 21 service areas (all, except Jammu and Kashmir) Idea : Penalty amounts to 950 crore rupees for 19 service areas (all, except Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and North-eastern States) It also noted that denial of interconnection by these operators to Reliance Jio appears to be with the ulterior motive to stifle competition and is anti-consumer. The recommendation came on complaint by Reliance Jio that over 75 percent of calls on its network are failing as incumbents were not giving sufficient points of interconnect that would help complete calls.

Rajasthan High Court in October 2016 order dissolution of the State Other Backward Classes (OBC) Commission. The court said, the commission was constituted without the State Assembly enacting any legislation for it. The Division Bench of the court directed the state government to appoint a new commission backed by a statute by 15 January 2017. It also directed that no salary or allowance of the members of this commission would be disbursed hereafter. The order was passed by a division bench of court comprising Justice KS Jhaveri and Justice Mahendra Maheshwari. The court was hearing a writ petition moved by Samata Andolan, challenging the OBC Commission's establishment through an executive order.