Current Affairs 9th May 2016 - Banking, SSC, UPSC Affairs

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Government plans to provide mobile connectivity in 55,669 villages by March 2019 in a phased manner. It will also commission a project to connect 8,621 villages in the north-eastern region by installing 321 mobile tower sites by September 2017, a note prepared by Department of Telecom (DoT) about the progress made during the last two years of the NDA government A comprehensive telecom development plan for the north-eastern region at an estimated cost of Rs 5,336.18 crore has already been approved.Regarding connectivity in areas affected by left wing extremism (LWE), a total of 1517 towers out of 2199 identified by Ministry of Home Affairs have started functioning till date. On connecting rural India through high-speed broadband, the department said it has completed laying of optic fibre in 48,199 gram panchayats as on April 25, 2016.For deeper digital penetration in rural areas, the government has taken up the BharatNet project in mission mode to connect all 2.50 lakh gram panchayats, which have over 600 million people. BharatNet will support e-governance services, e-commerce, tele-medicine, tele-education, financial services, among others.This would open up new avenues for access service providers like mobile operators, cable TV operators, among others, to launch next generation services and spur creation of local employment opportunities.

The Odisha government has signed a memorandum of understanding with Sulabh International Social Service Organisation (SISSO) for construction and maintenance of ‘hybrid toilet complexes’ in its nine cities. The hybrid toilet complexes having 5,957 seats will come up in urban centres such as Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Berhampur, Sambalpur, Rourkela, Baripada, Balasore, Bhadrak and Puri covered under Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) yojna.The State Cabinet had earlier given approval to partner with SISSO for setting up of toilet complexes. Amma Souchalaya : As per the Housing and Urban Development department, the existing community and public toilet facilities in the ULBs of Odisha are seemingly inadequate to cater to the need of this deprived population alone.The hybrid toilet will be promoted under the brand name ‘Amma Souchalaya’.Bhubaneswar will have highest share in the Amma Souchalaya programme. As many as 1,691 toilet seats will be provided to capital city which will be followed by Sambalpur (871), Cuttack (863), Rourkela (814), Berhampur (505), Bhadrak and Puri (333), Baripada (290) and Balasore (257). According to the HUD department, SISSO will prepare the design and estimate as per the current schedule of rates and lead of the particular places, which needs to be approved by the concerned urban local body.The user fee will be decided by the respective ULBs and monthly pass with nominal user fee will be issued in favour of community households. The hybrid complexes comprising five, seven and 10 toilet seats with urinal will be maintained by SISSO for 10 years with a renewal provision for another 10 year. Sulabh International Social Service Organisation (SISSO) : Sulabh International is an India-based social service organization that works to promote human rights, environmental sanitation, non-conventional sources of energy, waste management and social reforms through education. The organization counts 50,000 volunteers. Sulabh International is the largest nonprofit organization in India.  

President Pranab Mukherjee has given his assent to the Sikh Gurdwaras (Amendment) Act, 2016, which alters provisions of a 91-year-old law that regulated administration of gurdwaras in Chandigarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab. According to the amended Act, those who smoke or drink, or shave or trim their beard or hair, will not be permitted to vote in elections to Sikh religious bodies. Earlier, under the Sikh Gurdwaras Act, 1925, any Sikh aged above 21 and registered as a voter was entitled to vote in elections to the Sikh Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee (SGPC) constituted to look after the overall administration and management of the religious shrines of the community. On March 15 this year, Home Minister Rajnath Singh introduced the Sikh Gurdwaras (Amendment) Bill, 2016 in Rajya Sabha, and it was passed by the Upper House the next day. The Lok Sabha passed the Bill on April 25. The President gave his assent to it on 5 May 2016. The Bill was introduced on long-pending demands of SGPC members and office-bearers that Sahajdari Sikhs  those who shave their beard or hair  be barred from voting in such elections. The new law comes ahead of Assembly elections due to be held in Punjab next year. Sikh Gurdwaras Act, 1925 : Under the 1925 Act, every Sikh who is above 21 years of age and is registered as a voter is entitled to vote in the SGPC elections. This Act had created an exception for Sehjdhari Sikhs who trim or shave their beard or hair, and allowed them to vote. 

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) on has completed Rs 4.77-crore Kumudvathi river rejuvenation project near Nelamangala in Bengaluru rural district. HAL Chief Managing Director (CMD) T Suvarna Raju has handed-over the project to the beneficiary village panchayats of Nelamangala taluk.The project beneficiary villages are Doddabele, Kalalghatta, Kodigehalli, Thyamagondlu, Hasurahalli, Budihal, Kuluvanahalli and Shivgange. HAL spent Rs 4.77 crore in the past two years on this project under Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) by joining hands with International Association for Human Values (IAHV), a sister organisation of the Art of Living to rejuvenate Kumudvathi river, a tributary of river Arkavathi that originates from Shivagange hills in Nelamangala Taluk of Bengaluru rural district.The river once catered to 30 per cent of Bengaluru's water needs. HAL said it sponsored the work for Tavarekere (2014-15); Thymagondlu and Mondigere mini watersheds (2015-16) that included re-charging of wells (202), boulder checks (202), Injection Borewells (27), Water-pools (35) and planting of saplings (15,000).Post three rain-cycles at the entire river basin, the expected results include revival of defunct borewells and open wells, protection of drinking water sources, rejuvenation of irrigation tanks leading to agro - horticulture developments, increase in natural vegetation and eco-restoration Hindustan Aeronautics Limited : Hindustan Aeronautics Limited is an Indian state-owned aerospace and defence company based in Bangalore, Karnataka. It is governed under the management of the Indian Ministry of Defence.HAL built the first military aircraft in South Asia. It is currently involved in the design, fabrication and assembly of aircraft, jet engines, helicopters and their spare parts. It has several facilities spread across India. The locations where the manufacturing plants are operated by HAL include Nasik, Korwa, Kanpur,Koraput, Lucknow, Bangalore and Hyderabad. The German engineer Kurt Tank designed the HF-24 Marut fighter-bomber, the first fighter aircraft made in India.

The Minister for micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) Kalraj Mishra has inaugurated a spinning and weaving centre and marketing plaza for khadi goods in Srinagar.At the centre  Harmukh Khadi Gram Udyog Sansthan -- Mishra also distributed 25 model charkhas among local artisans at a function, said a government release.  The charkha is a symbol of resistance and can help maximum number of unemployed youth and women in far flung areas to attain economic independence.The charkha is a symbol of resistance and can help maximum number of unemployed youth and women in far flung areas to attain economic independence. The minister said the Centre is ready to provide all sorts of assistance to the state of Jammu and Kashmir in order to remove regional imbalances and urged the state to come forward and seek maximum help from New Delhi. He said the Centre is especially interested in the progress of Jammu and Kashmir state in view of the disturbed state of affairs here, said the statement.  Jammu and Kashmir Minister for Industries and Commerce, Chander Parkash Ganga requested the Union ministry to increase the targets for the state so that it benefits the local artisans.

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has unveiled the first global digital elevation (topographic model) of Mercury. The model was unveiled by NASA’s MESSENGER ((MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging) mission. Highlights : The MESSENGER mission shows stunning detail the topography across the entire innermost planet of our solar system. The model was created using more than 100,000 images acquired by the MESSENGER mission. These images were acquired with a large range of viewing illumination and geometries conditions, which help to determine the topography across Mercury’s surface. The topographic model shows a variety of topographic features including the highest and lowest points on the planet. The highest elevation on Mercury is at 4.48 kilometres above Mercury’s average elevation and is located just south of the equator in some of planet’s oldest terrain. The new topographic map provides an unprecedented view of the region near Mercury’s North Pole which was earlier not available. The new global topographic model complements an older product released by MESSENGER which was derived from earlier measurements by the Mercury Laser Altimeter (MLA).

The Insect Museum of West China has announced that a stick insect measuring 62.4 centimeters has broken the record for length among the world’s 807625 known insects on 5 May 2016 . The insect, named Phobaeticus chani or Chan's megastick was discovered two years ago in the southern province of Guangxi, China.The previous record-holder was a Malaysian 56.7-centimeter-long stick insect discovered in 2008. One of its specimen is on display in London’s Natural History Museum. Chan's megastick : Phobaeticus chani or Chan's megastick is species of stick insects.The bug is named after amateur Malaysian naturalist, Datuk Chan Chew Lun.Very little is known about its biology. However, it is speculated that it may live in the canopy of the rainforest, making it especially hard to find. It was selected as one of The Top 10 New Species described in 2008 by the International Institute for Species Exploration at Arizona State University and an international committee of taxonomists.The species was also listed as one of the top 10 discoveries of the decade in the BBC television documentary Decade of Discovery.  

University of Utah biologists has released a report titled “Why Vultures matter – and what we lose if they’re gone” on 5 May 2016. The report published inBiological Conservationhighlights the impact of decline in population of vultures on ecosystem and human. The report comes at a time when vultures, which serve as a barrier to prevent diseases from proliferating in dead animals and spreading to humans, in some parts of the world are in danger of disappearing or on the brink of extinction.The study was funded by a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship and by the University of Utah’s Global Change and Sustainability Center. Report : Primary threats to Vultures : Presence of toxins in the carrion they consume. In many continents they became victims of poisoned carcasses as dozens or hundreds of vulture can feast on a single carcass.Poisoning impacts 88 percent of threatened vulture species. The poisons come in many forms like diclofenac.Their extinction also affects many other organisms throughout the ecosystem. Ecosystem Impact : Losses of vultures can allow other scavengers, like dogs, rats, crows and others, to flourish, which could bring bacteria and viruses from carcasses into human cities.Rise of the facultative scavengers will upset the balance of food webs. Human impacts : Declining ratio or extinction of vultures would help diseases spreading from dead animals to march on the ways of human in the developing world, as other facultative scavengers are not so adapted to stop the disease from entering into human populations. Vulture Decline and India : The effect of decline in population of Vultures can be cited from the outbreak of rabies in India from 1992 to 2006 in which an estimated 48000 people were killed.This happened as in mid-1990s India experienced a steep decline in vulture population during which more than 95 percent of vultures disappeared by the early 2000s.This decline in Vulture population was attributed due to the use of diclofenac, a veterinary anti-inflammatory drug that relieved pain in cattle. As a result of which, international cooperation led to a total ban on use of veterinary diclofenac.  Prevent Disease : Vultures are efficient consumers of carrion and their stomachs are highly acidic and capable of killing nearly all bacteria or viruses that may be present in carrion.This capability of vulture helps human to be safe from diseases that can proliferate from dead animals and spread in humans.  

Romanian tennis player Simona Halep on 7 May 2016 won the women singles title of the Madrid Open. The men’s singles title was won by Novak Djokovic of Serbia.She defeated Dominika Cibulkova of Slovakia 6-2, 6-4 in the final played at Madrid, Spain. This was the third Madrid title for World No. 6 Halep and her first title of 2016. Overall this was her 12th career title.With the win Halep will make her return to the WTA Top 5, at No.5, and both Cibulkova and Halep will enter the Road To Singapore Leaderboard's Top 8. Madrid Open : The Madrid Open, currently sponsored by Mutua Madrileña, is a male and female professional tennis tournament.It is currently held in Madrid, Spain, during the first week of May.The event is classified as an ATP World Tour Masters 1000 event on the Association of Tennis Professionals tour and a Premier Mandatory event on the Women's Tennis Association tour.

 The Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP) under Union Ministry of Commerce & Industry permitted 100% foreign direct investment (FDI) into asset reconstruction companies (ARCs) through automatic route.In this regard the DIPP notified the Press Note 4 (2016 series) on 6 May 2016. Highlights : Person resident outside India can invest in the capital of ARCs registered with Reserve bank of India, up to 100 per cent on the automatic route. Earlier, it was 49 per cent through automatic route and beyond 49 percent through government route.It stated that total share holding of an individual foreign institutional investor (FII)/foreign portfolio investment (FPI) shall be below 10 per cent of the total paid-up capital.FIIs/ FPIs may be allowed up to 100 per cent of each tranche in security receipts (SRs) issued by ARCs which are subjected to RBI guidelines. Asset Reconstruction Companies (ARCs) : These are the companies that are set up to reconstruct or re-package assets to make them more saleable.The assets include loans from banks, card companies, financial institutions etc.They were set up to provide a focused approach to Non-Performing Loans resolution issue by:- Isolating Non Performing Loans (NPLs) from the Financial System (FS), Freeing the financial system to focus on their core activities and Facilitating development of market for distressed assets.

The SMS-based Vehicle Monitoring System of Nagaland police has bagged the National Award for Smart Policing instituted by Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (FICCI). The award for the Best Practice in the category of Road Safety and Traffic Management was presented to Nagaland Police by Union Minister of State for Home Affairs, Haribhai Parathibhai Chaudhary at a function in New Delhi on 6 May 2016.Nagaland Police was among the six state police departments selected for making presentations on the best smart policing initiatives across the country after the award ceremony. SMS-based Vehicle Monitoring System : The SMS-based Vehicle Monitoring System was conceived by the Nagaland Police Department and executed by Ben Imchen, a post-graduate from IIT Delhi and proprietor of Elysium Enterprises.The project was launched in April last year and has resulted in substantial reduction in theft of four-wheelers across the state while more than 100 vehicles have been recovered so far using the application.It provides an easy platform for policemen and citizens to report vehicle theft and alert the various field formations of police across the state by sending a SMS.  

An Indian-origin lawyer Murali Pillai from Singapore’s ruling People’s Action Party (PAP) has been elected member of the parliament. He got elected by garnering 61.21 per cent of the votes in the by-election held at suburban Bukit Batok constituency. His opponent Chee Soon Juan from Singapore Democratic Party got 38.79 per cent of votes. With this victory, Mr Murali became the first PAP candidate to win a by-election in a single member constituency in more than three decades. The Bukit Batok single seat was vacated when previous PAP MP David Ong had resigned in March 2016. PAP is led by Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong has absolute majority in the Parliament. In the by election, total of 24,192 votes were cast in the by election including 622 rejected votes, which made up 94.03 per cent of the 25,727 registered electors. Murali Pillai  : Murali Pillai is a former police officer who had worked in the Singapore Police Force before his admission to practice law in 1996. In his legal career, Pillai is currently the head for commercial litigation in Rajah & Tann Singapore LLP. In his political career, he joined the People’s Action Party (PAP) in 2001.

Saraswat Bank, country's largest urban co-operative bank which recently crossed a total business of Rs 50,000 crore, has announced donation of Rs 1 crore towards drought relief in Maharashtra.Caused by the two deficient years of the monsoon rainfalls, the drought has been a major problem  resulting into shortage of water availability across the country including Maharashtra. Gautam E Thakur, Vice Chairman of the bank handed over the cheque of Rs 50,00,000 to Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Devendra Fadnavis.  Also, Kishore Rangnekar Director handed over another cheque of Rs 50,00,000 to Nana Patekar, Founder, NAAM Foundation. Saraswat Bank : Saraswat Bank is an urban co-operative banking institution based in Maharashtra, India and operating as a co-operative bank since 1918.In 1988, the Bank was conferred with "Scheduled" status by Reserve Bank of India. The Bank is the first co-operative bank to provide Merchant Banking services. The Bank got a permanent license to deal in foreign exchange in 1978. Presently the Bank is having correspondent relationship in 45 countries covering 9 currencies with over 125 banks. In 1992, the Bank completed 75 years. Platinum Jubilee Celebrations were inaugurated on 14 September 1992 and the Bank also crossed the business level of Rs. 700 Crores. It has 267 branches nationwide.  

The Indian embassy in Cairo and the Maulana Azad Centre for Indian Culture are hosting a Tagore Festival here from May 8-12 to mark the 155th birth anniversary of poet laureate Rabindranath Tagore. Visiting Egypt : Tagore, who received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913, is not unknown to Egypt.He visited Egypt as an adolescent in 1878 and later as a famous poet-philosopher in 1926 when he met King Fouad and interacted with scholars in Alexandria and Cairo. His friendship with Egyptian poet Ahmed Shawqy is well known and he wrote a moving eulogy on his friend’s death in 1932. Tagore was impressed by the strong literary trends and found great resonance in the intellectual movement in Egypt. He also wrote about the relationship between the Nile river and the Egyptian civilization . Egyptian scholars have translated many of Tagore’s works into Arabic and have also written several books on Tagore. These books are available at the National Library of Egypt, which is collaborating with the Indian embassy in organising an exhibition of all such books to be inaugurated on May 9. Rabindranath Tagore Festival in  Egypt : The Festival will feature the Tagore dance drama “Shapmochan” (Breaking the Spell) on May 9 by well-known Indian classical dancer Dona Ganguly, who hails from Kolkata. The movie “Ghare Baire” by legendary Indian filmmaker Satyajit Ray will be screened on May 10. The movie is based on a novel written by Tagore. Shreya Guhathakurta, renowned Rabindra Sangeet exponent, will present songs written and composed by Tagore to the Egyptian audience on May 11. The festival will conclude on May 12 with a seminar on contemporary literature “Tagore, Shawky & Mahfouz”, which will feature Indian and Egyptian scholars and writers and will be conducted by the Supreme Council of Culture. Rabindranath Tagore : sobriquet Gurudev,was a Bengali polymath who reshaped Bengali literature and music, as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Author of Gitanjali and its "profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse",he became the first non-European . to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913. In translation his poetry was viewed as spiritual and mercurial; however, his "elegant prose and magical poetry" remain largely unknown outside Bengal.Sometimes referred to as "the Bard of Bengal",Tagore introduced new prose and verse forms and the use of colloquial language into Bengali literature, thereby freeing it from traditional models based on classical Sanskrit. He was highly influential in introducing the best of Indian culture to the West and vice versa, and he is generally regarded as the outstanding creative artist of the modern Indian subcontinent.

Telangana government has issued orders for setting up a 'Monkey Rescue and Rehabilitation Centre' in Nirmal area of Adilabad district with an investment of Rs 2.21 crore.  This rehabilitation centre will be established as a pilot project at Chincholi, Hyderabad. The department of environment and forests issued orders to this effect. The centre to come up at a cost of Rs.2.21 crore including Rs.1.56 crore as non-recurring expenditure and Rs.65 lakh as recurring cost for the first year and State capitalHyderabad is estimated to have population of 2,000 monkeys.

Kerala based South Indian Bank has announced a tie-up with National Australian Bank (NAB) for online inward remittances from Australia at a competitive rate. The arrangement enables faster, hassle-free remittances through internet at the best exchange rates, claimed the Bank. NAB will be South Indian Bank's main banking correspondent in Australia.As the exchange rate is decided by South Indian Bank, NRI customers in Australia would get the best possible rates. The remitted money can be either converted into Indian Rupee or maintained in Australian Dollar. South Indian Bank also has tie-ups with banks and exchange houses in the USA, Europe, and Asia. South Indian Bank Limited : South Indian Bank Limited (SIB)  is a private sector bank headquartered at Thrissur City in Kerala, India. South Indian Bank has 831 branches, 4 service branches,33 ext.counters and 20 regional offices spread across more than 26 states and 3 union territories in India. It has set up 1269 ATMs and 4 Bulk Note Acceptor/Cash Deposit Machines all over India.  

The eight nations composing the South Asia Initiative to End Violence Against Children, (SAIEVAC) are assembling in New Delhi next week for their 4th Ministerial Meeting. The meeting will set strategies and agree on commitments to ensure the protection and security of the children of the region and will be hosted by the Ministry of Child and Women Development. The Ministerial meeting on 11th of this month will be preceded by a two day technical consultation focusing on critical issues of child protection and violence in the region. Delegates from the governments and civil society organizations ofAfghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka will assess progress and developments of the past decade of regional effort and identify priorities for SAIEVAC for the next five years. South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation (SAARC) : The SAARC Secretariat is established by the South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation (SAARC), an economic and geopolitical co-operation body among the eight member states of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. It is based in Kathmandu, Nepal and provides services of coordination, monitoring and implementation of activities, and serves as a channel of communication between the Association and its Member States as well as other regional organizations. The Secretariat is headed by the Secretary General, whose appointment is recommended by the member states and  approved by the Council of Ministers from Member States in alphabetical order for a 3 year term and is assisted by 8 Directors on deputation from the Member States. SAIEVAC, as the first ever regional body to represent the cause of South Asian children at the highest level of SAARC, received recognition as an Apex Body of SAARC in 2011 during the 17th SAARC Summit. SAIEVAC is closely guided by the SAARC Charter and the mandates of the SAARC Secretariat in its overall policies and programme  implementation.  

India is ranked at ninth position in crony-capitalism with crony sector wealth accounting for 3.4 per cent of the gross domestic product (GDP), according to a new study by British magazine The Economist. In India, the non-crony sector wealth amounts to 8.3 per cent of the GDP, as per the latest crony-capitalism index.In 2014 ranking also, India stood at the ninth place. Using data from a list of the world's billionaires and their worth published by Forbes, each individual is labelled as crony or not based on the source of their wealth. Germany is cleanest, where just a sliver of the country's billionaires derives their wealth from crony sectors.Russia fares worst in the index, wealth from the country's crony sectors amounts to 18 per cent of its GDP.Russia tops the list followed by Malaysia, the Philippines and Singapore. Among the 22 economies in the index, crony wealth has fallen by $116 billion since 2014.The past 20 years have been a golden age for crony capitalists tycoons active in industries where chumminess with government is part of the game.Their combined fortunes have dropped 16 per cent since 2014, according to The Economist updated crony-capitalism index. Worldwide, the worth of billionaires in crony industries soared by 385 per cent between 2004 and 2014 to $2 trillion.

President Pranab Mukherjee has conferred gallantry awards and other distinguished service medals during a defence investiture ceremony at the Rashtrapati Bhavan. This was a second defence investiture ceremony. The ceremony saw the introduction of a new tradition to honour soldiers who sacrificed their lives in the line of duty as the government has decided that as a mark of respect, the parents of the posthumous award winner can accompany the next of kin to the investiture ceremony. Thirteen officers of the armed forces received the Param Vishist Seva Medal Four received the Kirti Chakra Two were awarded the Uttam Yuddh Seva Medal.  Two officers received the Bar to the Ati Vishist Seva Medal Seven received Shaurya Chakras 25 received the Ati Vishist Seva Medal and seven received Shaurya Chakras. Among the dignitaries present on the occasion were Vice President Mohammad Hamid Ansari, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar. Indian military decorations : The Armed Forces of India are eligible for a myriad of military decorations. Decorations are awarded for extraordinary bravery and courage, as well as distinguished service during times of war and peace. Service and campaign medals have been awarded throughout the history of India as an independent state. Wartime Awards          Aeacetime awards  Param Vir Chakra           Ashoka Chakra  Maha Vir Chakra             Kirti Chakra  Vir Chakra                    Shaurya Chakra Distinguished Service and Gallantry  Sena Medal (Army) Nao Sena Medal (Navy) Vayusena Medal (Air Force)  Sarvottam Yudh Seva Medal  Uttam Yudh Seva Medal  Yudh Seva Medal  Param Vishisht Seva Medal  Ati Vishisht Seva Medal  Vishisht Seva Medal

The single emergency number ‘112’ will be operational throughout India from January 1, 2017 to help people reach immediate services of police, ambulance and fire department. In this regard, Union Telecom Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad approved the provision of a single number for various emergency services. The single emergency number will be similar to the ‘911’ all-in-one emergency service in the United States and 999 of United Kingdom (UK) first introduced country . The 211 emergency services will also be accessible even through those SIMs and landlines whose outgoing call facility has been stopped or temporarily suspended.  The first emergency number system to be deployed anywhere in the world was in London on 1 July 1937 using the number 999 and this was later extended to cover the entire country.  A person in distress will need to call only 112, which will direct the call to concerned departments immediately for help. All existing emergency numbers will be phased out within a year of rolling out 112, depending upon the awareness about this new facility.

Number one seed Novac Djokovic defeated Andy Murray 6-2, 3-6, 6-3 to conquer the Mutua Madrid Open title in Madrid on 8 May 2016, Spain.It was Djokovic’s fifth win in the last 6 ATP 1000 competitions. With the win, he also reached a record 29 Masters 1000 titles. Mutua Madrid Open title was Djokovic’s second title on the Caja Mágica clay. He claimed the game in two hours and six minutes. Novak Djokovic : Novak Djokovic is a Serbian professional tennis player.He is currently ranked world No. 1 in men's singles tennis by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP).He is coached by former Slovak tennis player Marián Vajda and former German tennis player and six-time Grand Slam champion Boris Becker.He has won 11 Grand Slam singles titles.By winning three Grand Slam titles in 2011, he became the sixth male player to win three majors in a calendar year. He repeated this achievement in 2015. He is the first Serbian player to be ranked No. 1 by the ATP and he is the first male player representing Serbia to win a Grand Slam singles title.He has won numerous awards, including the 2012, 2015 and 2016Laureus World Sports Award for Sportsman of the Year, 2011 BBC Overseas Sports Personality of the Year, five-time ITF World Champion, and four-time ATP year-end number 1. He is a recipient of the Order of St. Sava, the Order of Karađorđe's Star and the Order of the Republika Srpska. Mutua Madrid Open : The Madrid Open, currently sponsored by Mutua Madrileña, is a male and female professional tennis tournament.It is currently held in Madrid, Spain, during the first week of May.The event is classified as an ATP World Tour Masters 1000 event on the Association of Tennis Professionals tour and a Premier Mandatory event on the Women's Tennis Association tour.Andy Murray was the winner of 2015 Mutua Madrid Open.

United Nations (UN) on 6 May 2016 announced the establishment of the UN Zika Response Multi-Partner Trust Fund (MPTF) to finance critical unfunded priorities in the response to the Zika outbreak.The establishment of the fund was announced by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. Objective  : The Fund aims to provide a rapid, flexible and accountable platform to support a coordinated response from the UN system and partners.It will directly support the Zika Strategic Response Framework, developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) in consultation with UN agencies, partners and international epidemiological experts.Under the programme, the donors will contribute to a central point and an Advisory Committee will direct funds to the highest-priority activities in the affected countries. Zika Virus : Zika virus (ZIKV) is a member of the virus family Flaviviridae and the genus Flavivirus, transmitted by daytime-active Aedes mosquitoes, such as A. aegypti. In case of humans, the virus cases mild illness known as Zika fever (Zika or Zika disease).It has been occurring since the 1950s within a narrow equatorial belt from Africa to Asia.In 2014, the virus spread eastward across the Pacific Ocean to French Polynesia, then to Easter Island and in 2015 to Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and South America, where the Zika outbreak has reached pandemic levels.Since January 2015, 61 countries and territories have reported local transmission of Zika.The recent rise in the spread of the virus in some countries has been accompanied by an unprecedented rise in the number of children being born with unusually small heads – identified as microcephaly.Several countries have also reported an increase in Guillain-Barré syndrome – a neurological disorder that can lead to paralysis and death. On 1 February 2016, WHO announced that the cluster of cases of microcephaly and other neurological disorders.There is now scientific consensus that the Zika virus is linked to severe fetal malformations and serious disorders of the central nervous system and is a cause of microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome. The Zika Strategic Response Framework aims to investigate and respond to the cluster of microcephaly and other neurological complications linked to Zika virus, increase preventive measures, communicate risks, and provide care and support to those affected.

Sadiq Khan has been elected the new Mayor of London - boosting Labour after it slumped in Scotland's elections. The 45-year-old son of a Pakistani bus driver’s victory brings any politician in UK history -ends eight years of Conservative control of City Hall.He becomes London’s third mayor after Ken Livingstone and Boris Johnson. Mr Khan is the city's first Muslim mayor, after beating Tory Zac Goldsmith by 1,310,143 votes to 994,614. The result bolsters leader Jeremy Corbyn after Labour was beaten into third in Scotland by the Tories and lost some English councillors.

A conservative estimate suggests that around $50 billion worth of international business is conducted outside the country annually in the absence of an IFSC. We are confident that at the pace at which we are progressing , in the next few years, GIFT City will be able to retain a lot of this business which is now going out .GIFT City has made allotments of over 15 million sq ft built up area in the SEZ and non-SEZ area for office towers, residential apartments and social facilities to be developed at an estimated total investment of over Rs 10,000 crore. Over the past six months, over USD 250 million worth of business transactions were conducted at GIFT City.  Kotak Mahindra Bank opened its branch at the IFSC, becoming the fourth bank to open its IFSC banking unit at the Gujarat International Finance Tec-City (GIFT City). Yes Bank, Federal Bank and ICICI Bank have been operating branches at the IFSC for several months now.  An international banking unit allows a domestic bank to deliver a complete range of products to its clients with foreign currency funding requirements. The IFSC was launched in April, 2015.  IDBI Bank : IDBI Bank is an Indian government-owned financial service company, formerly known as Industrial Development Bank of India, headquartered in Mumbai, India. It was established in 1964 by an Act of Parliament to provide credit and other financial facilities for the development of the fledgling Indian industry.It is currently 10th largest development bank in the world in terms of reach, with 3310 ATMs, 1846 branches, including one overseas branch at Dubai, and 1377 centers. It is one of 27 commercial banks owned by the Government of India.The Bank has an aggregate balance sheet size of INR 3.56 trillion as on 31 March 2015.

American Tori Bowie streaked to victory in the women's 100 metres at the Doha Diamond League on May 6,2016, equalling her personal best and smashing the meeting record with a world-leading time of 10.80 seconds. The 25-year-old, who was the world's fastest woman over 100m in 2014, edged out her Dutch rival Dafne Schippers by 0.03 seconds. Jamaican Veronica Campbell-Brown finished third in 10.91 to ensure the leading trio all broke Allyson Felix's meeting record of 10.92 set in 2012. Eighty current and former Olympic medallists and nine reigning world outdoor champions opened their outdoor campaigns at Doha's Suhaim Bin Hamam stadium, hoping to find form ahead of the 2016 Olympics in Rio in August.Kenya's former Olympic and three-times world champion Asbel Kiprop strode decisively to win the 1500 metres in 3 minutes 32.15 seconds, with his countryman Elijah Motonei finishing second to delight the ecstatic, flag-waving Kenyan fans. Jamaican Omar McLeod clocked the fastest time of the year for the 110m hurdles, crossing the line in 13.05 seconds with Olympic champion Aries Merritt finishing sixth having recently returned from a kidney transplant.  

Scientists have detected atomic oxygen in the atmosphere of Mars for the first time since the last observation 40 years ago. It was detected using an instrument onboard the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA). SOFIA is a Boeing 747SP jetliner modified to carry a 100-inch diameter telescope. It is a joint project of NASA and the German Aerospace Centre. The detected atomic oxygen was found in the upper layers of the Martian atmosphere known as the mesosphere. It was detected by using the German Receiver for Astronomy at Terahertz Frequencies (GREAT), an advanced detector on one of the observatory’s instruments. The SOFIA was able to detect only about half the amount of oxygen expected, which may be due to variations in the Martian atmosphere. The observations were possible due to SOFIA’s airborne location, flying between 37,000-45,000 feet, above most of the infrared-blocking moisture in Earth’s atmosphere. Significance : Atomic oxygen affects other gases to escape from the Mars and therefore has a significant impact on the planet’s atmosphere. However the detection enabled astronomers to distinguish the oxygen in the Martian atmosphere from oxygen in Earth’s atmosphere. Atomic oxygen in the Martian atmosphere is notoriously difficult to measure as far-infrared wavelengths are needed to detect it. However SOFIA help to detect it as it has highly sensitive instruments including spectrometer. It should be noted that the last measurements of atomic oxygen in the Martian atmosphere were made by the Viking and Mariner missions of NASA in 1970s.

The Gujarat Government has accorded minority status to the Jain community in the state. In this regard state government has issued a government resolution (GR) giving minority status to the Jain community. The decision has nothing to do with reservations and the new status will benefit the poor among the Jain community. The poor among the minority community can avail of various scholarships, government welfare schemes. Jain institutions will also get special status like the one given to Christian and Muslim institutions as per Article 30 of Indian Constitution. The previous UPA Government at the Centre had conferred the minority status on the Jain community at the national level in January 2014. Jains were the 6th community to have minority status after Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Parsis. Under the Constitution, religious and linguistic minorities enjoy special rights. The minority status helps to give constitutional safeguards to minority communities and make them eligible for welfare programmes of the Union Minority Affairs Ministry.  

The Union Government has started the process for issuance of Unique Business Identification Number (UBIN) to enable budding entrepreneurs set up their business without any delays. The drive has been launched by the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP) under the aegis of Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry. Business Identification Number (UBIN) : The UBIN would be automatically linked to Ministry Of Corporate Affairs (MCA) portal after it is issued to the intended beneficiary. It will be subsequently sent to the CBDT (Central Board of Direct Taxes) which would nomenclature it as PAN for UBIN. The move is seen as a major step towards boosting ease of doing business and the start-up India initiative of the government.

Indian Railways has launched the Bharat Darshan Tourist train for pilgrims to visit Shirdi, Tirupati, Jagannath Puri, Gangasagar, Baidyanath Dham and Jyotirlingams among others. The tourist train comprises 10 coaches and bookings are being done by IRCTC (Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation). The service offers budget-friendly package for pilgrims. The package includes train journey, road transportation, accommodation, sightseeing at tourist locations and onboard and off-board meals. Bharat Darshan will cover pilgrimages destinations like Jagannath Puri, Gangasagar, Baidyanath Dham, Gaya, Banaras and Ayodhya. It will also cover 7 Jyotirlinga package and also offers “Dakshin Darshan with Shirdi” tour package that will cover Shirdi, Tirupati, Kanchipuram, Rameshwaram, Madurai, Kanyakumari, Mysore and Bangalore.

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